Results for 'Paul L. Dressel'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  16
    Innovation in Education.James L. Wattenbarger, Marvin S. Alkin, Jean Dredsen Gramrs, Paul L. Dressel, Rita S. Saslaw, T. Barr Greenfield, Russell Thornton, Donald M. Scott, William Duffy, Mario D. Fantini, Alan H. Jones & Ruth Brownlee Johnson - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (3):174-183.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  29
    Innovation in Education.James L. Wattenbarger, Marvin S. Alkin, Jean Dredsen Gramrs, Paul L. Dressel, Rita S. Saslaw, T. Barr Greenfield, Russell Thornton, Donald M. Scott, William Duffy, Mario D. Fantini, Alan H. Jones & Ruth Brownlee Johnson - 1972 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 3 (3):174-183.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. A One Category Ontology.L. A. Paul - 2017 - In John A. Keller (ed.), Being, Freedom, and Method: Themes From the Philosophy of Peter van Inwagen. New York: Oxford University Press UK. pp. 32-62.
    I defend a one category ontology: an ontology that denies that we need more than one fundamental category to support the ontological structure of the world. Categorical fundamentality is understood in terms of the metaphysically prior, as that in which everything else in the world consists. One category ontologies are deeply appealing, because their ontological simplicity gives them an unmatched elegance and spareness. I’m a fan of a one category ontology that collapses the distinction between particular and property, replacing it (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   39 citations  
  4. II—L. A. Paul: Categorical Priority and Categorical Collapse.L. A. Paul - 2013 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 87 (1):89-113.
    I explore some of the ways that assumptions about the nature of substance shape metaphysical debates about the structure of Reality. Assumptions about the priority of substance play a role in an argument for monism, are embedded in certain pluralist metaphysical treatments of laws of nature, and are central to discussions of substantivalism and relationalism. I will then argue that we should reject such assumptions and collapse the categorical distinction between substance and property.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  5. Aspect Causation.L. A. Paul - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (4):235.
    A theory of the causal relate as aspects or property instances is developed. A supposed problem for transitivity is assessed and then resolved with aspects as the causal relata.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   92 citations  
  6. The Work of the Imagination.Paul L. Harris - 2000 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This book demonstrates how children's imagination makes a continuing contribution to their cognitive and emotional development.
  7. First personal modes of presentation and the structure of empathy.L. A. Paul - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (3):189-207.
    I argue that we can understand the de se by employing the subjective mode of presentation or, if one’s ontology permits it, by defending an abundant ontology of perspectival personal properties or facts. I do this in the context of a discussion of Cappelen and Dever’s recent criticisms of the de se. Then, I discuss the distinctive role of the first personal perspective in discussions about empathy, rational deference, and self-understanding, and develop a way to frame the problem of lacking (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  8. Transformative Choice: Discussion and Replies.L. A. Paul - 2015 - Res Philosophica 92 (2):473-545.
    In “What you can’t expect when you’re expecting,” I argue that, if you don’t know what it’s like to be a parent, you cannot make this decision rationally—at least, not if your decision is based on what you think it would be like for you to become a parent. My argument hinges on the idea that becoming a parent is a transformative experience. This unique type of experience often transforms people in a deep and personal sense, and in the process, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  9. The Paradox of Empathy.L. A. Paul - 2021 - Episteme 18 (3):347-366.
    A commitment to truth requires that you are open to receiving new evidence, even if that evidence contradicts your current beliefs. You should be open to changing your mind. However, this truism gives rise to the paradox of empathy. The paradox arises with the possibility of mental corruption through transformative change, and has consequences for how we should understand tolerance, disagreement, and the ability to have an open mind. I close with a discussion of how understanding this paradox provides a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  10.  10
    Young Children's Understanding of Pretense.Paul L. Harris & Robert D. Kavanaugh - 1993
  11. The Subjectively Enduring Self.L. A. Paul - 2017 - In Ian Phillips (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Temporal Experience: Routledge Handbooks in Philosophy. New York: Routledge. pp. 262-271.
    The self can be understood in objective metaphysical terms as a bundle of properties, as a substance, or as some other kind of entity on our metaphysical list of what there is. Such an approach explores the metaphysical nature of the self when regarded from a suitably impersonal, ontological perspective. It explores the nature and structure of the self in objective reality, that is, the nature and structure of the self from without. This is the objective self. I am taking (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  12. De se preferences and empathy for future selves.L. A. Paul - 2017 - Philosophical Perspectives 31 (1):7-39.
    As you face a life-defining change, you might ask yourself: Who will I become? This can be understood as a question about the nature and character of your future life, asked from your first person, or subjective, perspective. The nature and character of your conscious, first person, lived experience is a defining constituent of what it is like to be you. Framed this way, knowing the nature of your future lived experience is a way of knowing your future self. In (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  13.  66
    Children's use of counterfactual thinking in causal reasoning.Paul L. Harris, Tim German & Patrick Mills - 1996 - Cognition 61 (3):233-259.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   44 citations  
  14. Metaphysics as modeling: the handmaiden’s tale.L. A. Paul - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 160 (1):1-29.
    Critics of contemporary metaphysics argue that it attempts to do the hard work of science from the ease of the armchair. Physics, not metaphysics, tells us about the fundamental facts of the world, and empirical psychology is best placed to reveal the content of our concepts about the world. Exploring and understanding the world through metaphysical reflection is obsolete. In this paper, I will show why this critique of metaphysics fails, arguing that metaphysical methods used to make claims about the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   140 citations  
  15. Causation: A User’s Guide.L. A. Paul & Ned Hall - 2013 - Oxford: Oxford University Press UK. Edited by Edward J. Hall.
    Causation is at once familiar and mysterious. Neither common sense nor extensive philosophical debate has led us to anything like agreement on the correct analysis of the concept of causation, or an account of the metaphysical nature of the causal relation. Causation: A User's Guide cuts a clear path through this confusing but vital landscape. L. A. Paul and Ned Hall guide the reader through the most important philosophical treatments of causation, negotiating the terrain by taking a set of (...)
  16. Temporal Experience.L. A. Paul - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy 107 (7):333-359.
    The question I want to explore is whether experience supports an antireductionist ontology of time, that is, whether we should take it to support an ontology that includes a primitive, monadic property of nowness responsible for the special feel of events in the present, and a relation of passage that events instantiate in virtue of literally passing from the future, to the present, and then into the past.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   138 citations  
  17. What You Can't Expect When You're Expecting'.L. A. Paul - 2015 - Res Philosophica 92 (2):1-23.
    It seems natural to choose whether to have a child by reflecting on what it would be like to actually have a child. I argue that this natural approach fails. If you choose to become a parent, and your choice is based on projections about what you think it would be like for you to have a child, your choice is not rational. If you choose to remain childless, and your choice is based upon projections about what you think it (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   87 citations  
  18.  62
    ‘I Don't Know’: Children's Early Talk About Knowledge.Paul L. Harris, Bei Yang & Yixin Cui - 2017 - Mind and Language 32 (3):283-307.
    Children's utterances from late infancy to 3 years of age were examined to infer their conception of knowledge. In Study 1, the utterances of two English-speaking children were analysed and in Study 2, the utterances of a Mandarin-speaking child were analysed – in both studies, for their use of the verb know. Both studies confirmed that know and not know were used to affirm, query or deny knowledge, especially concerning an ongoing topic of conversation. References to a third party were (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  19.  54
    Young Children's Theory of Mind and Emotion.Paul L. Harris, Carl N. Johnson, Deborah Hutton, Giles Andrews & Tim Cooke - 1989 - Cognition and Emotion 3 (4):379-400.
  20. Transformative Experience: Replies to Pettigrew, Barnes and Campbell.L. A. Paul - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 91 (3):794-813.
    Summary of Transformative Experience by L.A. Paul and replies to symposiasts. Discussion of undefined values, preference change, authenticity, experiential value, collective minds, mind control.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   35 citations  
  21. Building the world from its fundamental constituents.L. A. Paul - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 158 (2):221-256.
    In this paper, I argue that the spatiotemporalist approach way of modeling the fundamental constituents, structure, and composition of the world has taken a wrong turn. Spatiotemporalist approaches to fundamental structure take the fundamental nature of the world to be spatiotemporal: they take the category of spatiotemporal to be fundamental. I argue that the debates over the nature of the fundamental space in the physics show us that (i) the fact that it is conceivable that the manifest world could be (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   84 citations  
  22.  65
    Infants Understand How Testimony Works.Paul L. Harris & Jonathan D. Lane - 2014 - Topoi 33 (2):443-458.
    Children learn about the world from the testimony of other people, often coming to accept what they are told about a variety of unobservable and indeed counter-intuitive phenomena. However, research on children’s learning from testimony has paid limited attention to the foundations of that capacity. We ask whether those foundations can be observed in infancy. We review evidence from two areas of research: infants’ sensitivity to the emotional expressions of other people; and their capacity to understand the exchange of information (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  23.  4
    Christian faith in a neo-pagan society: proceedings of the Third Convention of the Fellowship of Catholic Scholars.Paul L. Williams (ed.) - 1981 - Scranton, Pa.: Northeast Books.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. Recovering the Sacred: Catholic Faith, Worship and Practice (Proceedings of the 12th Convention of the Fellowship of Catholic Scholars).Paul L. Williams (ed.) - 1990
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  72
    Experience, Metaphysics, and Cognitive Science.L. A. Paul - 2016 - In Wesley Buckwalter & Justin Sytsma (eds.), Blackwell Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Malden, MA: Blackwell. pp. 419-433.
    This chapter presents an opinionated account of how to understand the contributions of experience, especially with respect to the role of cognitive science, in developing and assessing metaphysical theories of reality. I develop a methodological basis for the idea that, independently of work in experimental philosophy focused on explications of concepts, contemporary metaphysical theories with a role for experiential evidence can be fruitfully connected to empirical work in psychology, especially cognitive science. My argument is not that cognitive science should replace (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  26. Coincidence as overlap.L. A. Paul - 2006 - Noûs 40 (4):623–659.
    I discuss puzzles involving coinciding material objects (such as statues and their constitutive lumps of clay) and propose solutions.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   71 citations  
  27. Mereological bundle theory.L. A. Paul - 2017 - In Stamatios Gerogiorgakis, Johanna Seibt & Guido Imaguire (eds.), Handbook of Mereology. Munich: Philosophia.
    Bundle theory takes objects to be bundles of properties. Some bundle theorists take objects to be bundles of instantiated universals, and some take objects to be bundles of tropes. Tropes are instances of properties: some take instantiated universals to be tropes, while others deny the existence of universals and take tropes to be ontologically fundamental. Historically, the bundling relation has been taken to be a primitive relation, not analyzable in terms of or ontologically reducible to some other relation, and has (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  28.  19
    Les Formations adverbiales à quasi-suffixe en Chinois Archaïque et dans la langue de l'époque HanLes Formations adverbiales a quasi-suffixe en Chinois Archaique et dans la langue de l'epoque Han.Paul L.-M. Serruys, Mieczyslaw Jerzy Künstler & Mieczyslaw Jerzy Kunstler - 1969 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 89 (1):241.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  25
    Buffon and the concept of species.Paul L. Farber - 1972 - Journal of the History of Biology 5 (2):259-284.
  30.  17
    Joseph A. Bracken, SJ. The World in the Trinity: Open-Ended Systems in Science and Religion.Paul L. Allen - 2017 - Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences 4 (1):115.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  81
    The Worm at the Root of the Passions: Poetry and Sympathy in Mill's Utilitarianism: L. A. Paul.L. A. Paul - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (1):83-104.
    I claim that Mill has a theory of poetry which he uses to reconcile nineteenth century associationist psychology, the tendency of the intellect to dissolve associations, and the need for educated members of society to desire utilitarian ends. The heart of the argument is that Mill thinks reading poetry encourages us to feel the feelings of others, and thus to develop pleasurable associations with the pleasurable feelings of others and painful associations with the painful feelings of others. Once the associations (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  32.  99
    Toward a quantitative description of large-scale neocortical dynamic function and EEG.Paul L. Nunez - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):371-398.
    A general conceptual framework for large-scale neocortical dynamics based on data from many laboratories is applied to a variety of experimental designs, spatial scales, and brain states. Partly distinct, but interacting local processes (e.g., neural networks) arise from functional segregation. Global processes arise from functional integration and can facilitate (top down) synchronous activity in remote cell groups that function simultaneously at several different spatial scales. Simultaneous local processes may help drive (bottom up) macroscopic global dynamics observed with electroencephalography (EEG) or (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   43 citations  
  33.  48
    Assertion, Nonepistemic Values, and Scientific Practice.Paul L. Franco - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (1):160-180.
    This article motivates a shift in certain strands of the debate over legitimate roles for nonepistemic values in scientific practice from investigating what is involved in taking cognitive attitudes like acceptance toward an empirical hypothesis to looking at a social understanding of assertion, the act of communicating that hypothesis. I argue that speech act theory’s account of assertion as a type of doing makes salient legitimate roles nonepistemic values can play in scientific practice. The article also shows how speech act (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  34. The Puzzles of Material Constitution.L. A. Paul - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (7):579-590.
    Monists about material constitution typically argue that when Statue is materially constituted by Clay, Statue is just Clay. Pluralists about material constitution deny that constitution is identity: Statue is not just Clay. When Clay materially constitutes Statue, Clay is not identical to Statue. I discuss three familiar puzzles involving grounding, overdetermination and conceptual issues, and develop three new puzzles stemming from the connection between mereological composition and material constitution: a mereological puzzle, an asymmetry puzzle, and a structural puzzle.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  35.  87
    The Context of Essence.L. A. Paul - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (1):170-184.
    I address two related questions: first, what is the best theory of how objects have de re modal properties? Second, what is the best defence of essentialism given the variability of our modal intuitions? I critically discuss several theories of how objects have their de re modal properties and address the most threatening antiessentialist objection to essentialism: the variability of our modal intuitions. Drawing on linguistic treatments of vagueness and ambiguity, I show how essentialists can accommodate the variability of modal (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  36.  16
    The new science of consciousness: exploring the complexity of brain, mind, and self.Paul L. Nunez - 2016 - Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books.
    Introduction to mind and brain -- The science and philosophy of mind -- A brief look into brain structure and function -- States of mind -- Signatures of consciousness -- Rhythms of the brain -- Brain synchrony, coherence, and resonance -- Networks of the brain -- Introduction to the hard problem -- Multiscale speculations on the hard problem -- Glossary.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37.  23
    Behavior, valuation, and pragmatism in C.I. Lewis and W.V. Quine.Paul L. Franco - 2023 - Asian Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):1-10.
    I explore three points about the relationship between C.I. Lewis’s conceptual pragmatism and W.V. Quine’s naturalized epistemology inspired by Robert Sinclair’s Quine, Conceptual Pragmatism, and the Analytic-Synthetic Distinction. First, I highlight Lewis’s long-standing commitment to Platonism about meaning and its connection to his reflective philosophical method and rejection of a linguistic account of analyticity. Second, I consider Sinclair’s claim that “Lewis’s epistemology provides no indication concerning how, despite different sensory experiences, we still come to agree on what we are talking (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38.  9
    A comparison of predatory behavior between prey-naive and prey-experienced adult coyotes.Paul L. Markstein & Philip N. Lehner - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (4):271-274.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  19
    Hopkins.Paul L. Mariani - 1998 - Renascence 50 (3-4):239-246.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. Hans Reichenbach's and C.I. Lewis's Kantian philosophies of science.Paul L. Franco - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 80:62-71.
    Recent work in the history of philosophy of science details the Kantianism of philosophers often thought opposed to one another, e.g., Hans Reichenbach, C.I. Lewis, Rudolf Carnap, and Thomas Kuhn. Historians of philosophy of science in the last two decades have been particularly interested in the Kantianism of Reichenbach, Carnap, and Kuhn, and more recently, of Lewis. While recent historical work focuses on recovering the threatened-to-be-forgotten Kantian themes of early twentieth-century philosophy of science, we should not elide the differences between (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  41.  41
    17 What do children learn from testimony?Paul L. Harris - 2002 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 316.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  42. Materteral and Avuncular Tendencies in Samoa.Paul L. Vasey & Doug P. VanderLaan - 2009 - Human Nature 20 (3):269-281.
    Androphilia refers to sexual attraction and arousal to adult males, whereas gynephilia refers to sexual attraction and arousal to adult females. In Independent Samoa, androphilic males, most of whom are effeminate or transgendered, are referred to as fa’afafine, which means “in the manner of a woman.” Previous research has established that fa’afafine report significantly higher avuncular tendencies relative to gynephilic men. We hypothesized that Samoan fa’afafine might adopt feminine gender role orientations with respect to childcare activity. If so, then the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  43. The Basis of Epistemic Trust: Reliable Testimony or Reliable Sources?Paul L. Harris & Melissa A. Koenig - 2007 - Episteme 4 (3):264-284.
    What is the nature of children's trust in testimony? Is it based primarily on evidential correlations between statements and facts, as stated by Hume, or does it derive from an interest in the trustworthiness of particular speakers? In this essay, we explore these questions in an effort to understand the developmental course and cognitive bases of children's extensive reliance on testimony. Recent work shows that, from an early age, children monitor the reliability of particular informants, differentiate between those who make (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  44. Realism about Structure and Kinds.L. A. Paul - 2013 - In Stephen Mumford & Matthew Tugby (eds.), Metaphysics and Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    In 1976, Hilary Putnam set forth his model-theoretic argument, claiming that it showed that the semantic realist’s program1 was ‘unintelligible’, since it implied, contra the realist view, that reference is radically indeterminate. Although I find the conclusion that reference is indeterminate unattractive, I argue that the descriptivist position needs to be supplemented with a premise about the sorts of kinds or structure that our world includes. The need for this premise gives a counterintuitive result: the descriptivist account of reference makes (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  45. Constitutive Overdetermination.L. A. Paul - 2007 - In Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O'Rourke & Harry Silverstein (eds.), Causation and Explanation. Bradford. pp. 4--265.
    Our best philosophical and scientific pictures of the world organize material objects into a hierarchy or levels or layers- microparticles at the bottom, molecules, cells, and persons at higher layers. Are objects at higher layers identical to the sums of objects at lower layers that constitute them? (Note that this question is different from the question of whether composition- as opposed to constitution- is identity.).
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  46.  32
    Mysticism as Morality.Paul L. Heck - 2006 - Journal of Religious Ethics 34 (2):253-286.
    Sufism—spiritual practice, intellectual discipline, literary tradition, and social institution—has played an integral role in the moral formation of Muslim society. Its aspiration toward a universal kindness to all creatures beyond the requirements of Islamic law has added a distinctly hypernomian dimension to the moral vision of Islam, as evidenced in a wide range of Sufi literature. The universal perspective of Sufism, fully rooted in Islamic revelation, yields a lived (and not just studied) ethics with the potential to view and embrace (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  47. A New Role for Experimental Work in Metaphysics.L. A. Paul - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (3):461-476.
    Recent work in philosophy could benefit from paying greater attention to empirical results from cognitive science involving judgments about the nature of our ordinary experience. This paper describes the way that experimental and theoretical results about the nature of ordinary judgments could—and should—inform certain sorts of enquiries in contemporary philosophy, using metaphysics as an exemplar, and hence defines a new way for experimental philosophy and cognitive science to contribute to traditional philosophical debates.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  48.  82
    From Simulation to Folk Psychology: The Case for Development.Paul L. Harris - 1992 - Mind and Language 7 (1-2):120-144.
  49.  22
    Structures of the `Unsaid'.Paul L. Jalbert - 1994 - Theory, Culture and Society 11 (4):127-160.
  50. Keeping track of the time: Emending the counterfactual analysis of causation.L. A. Paul - 1998 - Analysis 58 (3):191–198.
    Counterfactual analyses of causation can provide elegant analyses of many cases of causation. However, they fail to give intuitively correct analyses of cases involving a commonplace variety of late preemptive causation. I argue that a small emendation can solve the problem.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000