Results for 'Paul R. Billings'

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  1.  65
    Individual, Family, and Societal Dimensions of Genetic Discrimination: A Case Study Analysis. [REVIEW]Lisa N. Geller, Joseph S. Alper, Paul R. Billings, Carol I. Barash, Jonathan Beckwith & Marvin R. Natowicz - 1996 - Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (1):71-88.
    Background. As the development and use of genetic tests have increased, so have concerns regarding the uses of genetic information. Genetic discrimination, the differential treatment of individuals based on real or perceived differences in their genomes, is a recently described form of discrimination. The range and significance of experiences associated with this form of discrimination are not yet well known and are investigated in this study. Methods. Individuals at-risk to develop a genetic condition and parents of children with specific genetic (...)
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  2. Diary Dates 2013.L. R. Left, Paul Vane-Tempest, L. R. Right, Bill Campbell Qc, Wood Mallesons & Kathy Leigh - forthcoming - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology.
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  3.  22
    Pragmatism and the Problem of Race.Bill E. Lawson & Donald F. Koch (eds.) - 2004 - Indiana University Press.
    How should pragmatists respond to and contribute to the resolution of one of America’s greatest and most enduring problems? Given that the most important thinkers of the pragmatist movement—Charles S. Peirce, William James, John Dewey, and George Herbert Mead—said little about the problem of race, how does their distinctly American way of thinking confront the hardship and brutality that characterizes the experience of many African Americans in this country? In 12 thoughtful and provocative essays, contemporary American pragmatists connect ideas with (...)
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  4. Educating the Prince: Essays in Honor of Harvey Mansfield.John Gibbons, Nathan Tarcov, Ralph Hancock, Jerry Weinberger, Paul A. Cantor, Mark Blitz, James W. Muller, Kenneth Weinstein, Clifford Orwin, Arthur Melzer, Susan Meld Shell, Peter Minowitz, James Stoner, Jeremy Rabkin, David F. Epstein, Charles R. Kesler, Glen E. Thurow, R. Shep Melnick, Jessica Korn & Robert P. Kraynak (eds.) - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    For forty years, Harvey Mansfield has been worth reading. Whether plumbing the depths of MachiavelliOs Discourses or explaining what was at stake in Bill ClintonOs impeachment, MansfieldOs work in political philosophy and political science has set the standard. In Educating the Prince, twenty-one of his students, themselves distinguished scholars, try to live up to that standard. Their essays offer penetrating analyses of Machiavellianism, liberalism, and America., all of them informed by MansfieldOs own work. The volume also includes a bibliography of (...)
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  5.  3
    A Concise Companion to Confucius.Paul R. Goldin (ed.) - 2017 - John Wiley & Sons.
    This authoritative collection surveys the teachings of Confucius, and illustrates his importance throughout Chinese history in one focused and incisive volume. A Concise Companion to Confucius offers a succinct introduction to one of East Asia’s most widely-revered historical figures, providing essential coverage of his legacy at a manageable length. The volume embraces Confucius as philosopher, teacher, politician, and sage, and curates a collection of key perspectives on his life and teachings from a team of distinguished scholars in philosophy, history, religious (...)
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  6. The Best Explanation: Criteria for Theory Choice.Paul R. Thagard - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy 75 (2):76-92.
  7.  23
    Reason, Religion and the Passions: PAUL R. NOBLE.Paul R. Noble - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (4):513-517.
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  8.  4
    The Flight From Science and Reason.Paul R. Gross, Norman Levitt & Martin W. Lewis (eds.) - 1996 - The New York Academy of Sciences.
    "Evidence of a flight from reason is as old as human record-keeping: the fact of it certainly goes back an even longer way. Flight from science specifically, among the forms of rational inquiry, goes back as far as science itself... But rejection of reason is now a pattern to be found in most branches of scholarship and in all the learned professions."--from the introduction In the widely acclaimed Higher Superstition: The Academic Left and Its Quarrels with Science, Paul R. (...)
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  9. The Web‐Extended Mind.Paul R. Smart - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (4):446-463.
    This article explores the notion of the Web-extended mind, which is the idea that the technological and informational elements of the Web can sometimes serve as part of the mechanistic substrate that realizes human mental states and processes. It is argued that while current forms of the Web may not be particularly suited to the realization of Web-extended minds, new forms of user interaction technology as well as new approaches to information representation do provide promising new opportunities for Web-based forms (...)
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  10.  11
    Personality and Social Class Among Eleven‐Year‐Old Children.Paul R. Pearson, David W. Lankshear & Leslie J. Francis - 1989 - Educational Studies 15 (2):107-113.
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  11. Why Astrology is a Pseudoscience.Paul R. Thagard - 1978 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1978:223 - 234.
    Using astrology as a case study, this paper attempts to establish a criterion for demarcating science from pseudoscience. Numerous reasons for considering astrology to be a pseudoscience are evaluated and rejected; verifiability and falsifiability are briefly discussed. A theory is said to be pseudoscientific if and only if (1) it has been less progressive than alternative theories over a long period of time, and faces many unsolved problems, but (2) the community of practitioners makes little attempt to develop the theory (...)
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  12. Existential Inertia.Paul R. Audi - 2019 - Philosophic Exchange 48 (1):1-26.
    To all appearances, the basic building blocks of reality tend to keep existing unless something intervenes to destroy them. In other words, basic things seem to have existential inertia. But why might this be? This paper considers a number of arguments for and against existential inertia. It discusses arguments inspired by Aquinas, Descartes, and Spinoza, as well as considerations deriving from Occam’s Razor, entropy, and certain views about the nature of time and change.
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  13. Paul R. Moorcraft and Mark A. Lewis, Mechanistic Home Range Analysis.R. McNeill Alexander - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (4):433.
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  14.  41
    Paul R. Halmos. Lectures on Boolean Algebras. D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., Princeton, Toronto, New York, and London, 1963, V + 147 Pp. [REVIEW]R. S. Pierce - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (2):253-254.
  15.  13
    The Perspectives of Psychiatry.Paul R. McHugh - 1998 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Substantially revised to include a wealth of new material, the second edition of this highly acclaimed work provides a concise, coherent introduction that brings structure to an increasingly fragmented and amorphous discipline. Paul R. McHugh and Phillip R. Slavney offer an approach that emphasizes psychiatry's unifying concepts while accommodating its diversity. Recognizing that there may never be a single, all-encompassing theory, the book distills psychiatric practice into four explanatory methods: diseases, dimensions of personality, goal-directed behaviors, and life stories. These (...)
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  16.  42
    Executive Attitudes, Organizational Size and Ethical Issues: Perspectives on a Service Industry. [REVIEW]Paul R. Murphy, Jonathan E. Smith & James M. Daley - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (1):11 - 19.
    Responding to Randall and Gibson''s (1990) call for more rigorous methodologies in empirically-based ethics research, this paper develops propositions — based on both previous ethics research as well as the larger organizational behavior literature — examining the impact of attitudes, leadership, presence/absence of ethical codes and organizational size on corporate ethical behavior. The results, which come from a mail survey of 149 companies in a major U.S. service industry, indicate that attitudes and organizational size are the best predictors of ethical (...)
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  17. Naive Set Theory.Paul R. Halmos & Patrick Suppes - 1961 - Synthese 13 (1):86-87.
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  18. Review: Paul R. Halmos, Lectures on Boolean Algebras. [REVIEW]R. S. Pierce - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (2):253-254.
     
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  19.  17
    Lectures on Boolean Algebras.Paul R. Halmos - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (2):253-254.
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  20.  16
    Paul Fischer, Tr. And Ed., Shizi: China’s First Syncretist: New York: Columbia University Press, 2012, 248 Pages. [REVIEW]Paul R. Goldin - 2013 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 12 (1):117-119.
  21.  71
    The Poor Man's Guide to Supervenience and Determination.Paul R. Teller - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy Supplement 22 (S1):137-62.
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  22. Arc Consistency: Parallelism and Domain Dependence.Paul R. Cooper & Michael J. Swain - 1992 - Artificial Intelligence 58 (1-3):207-235.
  23.  79
    The Passionate Scientist: Emotion in Scientific Cognition.Paul R. Thagard - 2002 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen P. Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 235.
    Since Plato, most philosophers have drawn a sharp line between reason and emotion, assuming that emotions interfere with rationality and have nothing to contribute to good reasoning. In his dialogue the Phaedrus, Plato compared the rational part of the soul to a charioteer who must control his steeds, which correspond to the emotional parts of the soul (Plato 1961, p. 499). Today, scientists are often taken as the paragons of rationality, and scientific thought is generally assumed to be independent of (...)
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  24.  69
    Persistent Misconceptions About Chinese “Legalism”.Paul R. Goldin - 2011 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 38 (1):88-104.
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  25.  38
    Variability and Confirmation.Paul R. Thagard & Richard E. Nisbett - 1982 - Philosophical Studies 42 (3):379-394.
  26. CRISPR Images: Media Use and Public Opinion About Gene Editing.Paul R. Brewer, James Bingaman, Ashley Paintsil & Wyatt Dawson - 2022 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 42 (1-2):11-18.
    As gene editing technologies such as CRISPR have become increasingly prominent, so have media portrayals of them. With this in mind, the present study builds on theoretical accounts of framing effects, cultivation effects, and genre-specific viewing effects to examine how different forms of media use predict attitudes toward applications of gene editing. Specifically, the study tests how news use, overall television viewing, and science fiction viewing are related to such attitudes. The analyses draw on original data from two surveys of (...)
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  27.  19
    La Morale Et la Loi Dans la Philosophie antiqueAncient PaintingLa Mosaique.R. H., A. Bill, Mary Hamilton Swindler & Adrien Blanchet - 1930 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 50:369.
  28. Augustine and the Cure of Souls: Revising a Classical Ideal.Paul R. Kolbet - 2009 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    __Augustine and the Cure of Souls __situates Augustine within the ancient philosophical tradition of using words to order emotions. Paul Kolbet uncovers a profound continuity in Augustine's thought, from his earliest pre-baptismal writings to his final acts as bishop, revealing a man deeply indebted to the Roman past and yet distinctly Christian. Rather than supplanting his classical learning, Augustine's Christianity reinvigorated precisely those elements of Roman wisdom that he believed were slipping into decadence. In particular, Kolbet addresses the manner (...)
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  29. Concepts and Conceptual Change.Paul R. Thagard - 1990 - Synthese 82 (2):255-74.
    This paper argues that questions concerning the nature of concepts that are central in cognitive psychology are also important to epistemology and that there is more to conceptual change than mere belief revision. Understanding of epistemic change requires appreciation of the complex ways in which concepts are structured and organized and of how this organization can affect belief revision. Following a brief summary of the psychological functions of concepts and a discussion of some recent accounts of what concepts are, I (...)
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  30.  7
    The Passivity of Optimalizing Practices: A Development of Husserl’s Transcendental Aesthetics.Paul R. Gyllenhammer - 2003 - Southwest Philosophy Review 19 (1):97-105.
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  31.  45
    Frames, Knowledge, and Inference.Paul R. Thagard - 1984 - Synthese 61 (2):233 - 259.
  32. Ecoethics: Now Central to All Ethics. [REVIEW]Paul R. Ehrlich - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (4):417-436.
    A few years ago, I wrote on the need for expansion of the environmental areas of bioethics, and covered some of the topics touched on here. Sadly, although it is possible to find some notable exceptions, bioethics does not provide much of an ethical base for considering human-nature relationships. Here I’m not going to deal with these philosophical issues or others about the nature of ethical decision-making. The rapid worsening of the human predicament means that applied ethical issues with a (...)
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  33. A Contemporary Look at Emergence.Paul R. Teller - 1992 - In Ansgar Beckermann, Hans Flohr & Jaegwon Kim (eds.), Emergence or Reduction?: Prospects for Nonreductive Physicalism. De Gruyter.
     
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  34.  41
    Relations of Creative Responses to Working Time and Instructions.Paul R. Christensen, J. P. Guilford & R. C. Wilson - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (2):82.
  35. Applying mechanical philosophy to web science: The case of social machines.Paul R. Smart, Kieron O’Hara & Wendy Hall - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (3):1-29.
    Social machines are a prominent focus of attention for those who work in the field of Web and Internet science. Although a number of online systems have been described as social machines, there is, as yet, little consensus as to the precise meaning of the term “social machine.” This presents a problem for the scientific study of social machines, especially when it comes to the provision of a theoretical framework that directs, informs, and explicates the scientific and engineering activities of (...)
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  36. The Cognitive Basis of Science.Paul R. Thagard - 2002 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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  37.  9
    Facilitated Ethics Conversations.Paul R. Helft, Patricia D. Bledsoe, Maureen Hancock & Lucia D. Wocial - 2009 - Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 11 (1):27-33.
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  38.  3
    Evidence‐Based Medicine's Curious Path: From Clinical Epidemiology to Patient‐Centered Care Through Decision Analysis.Paul R. Falzer - 2021 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 27 (3):631-637.
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  39.  46
    The Total Evidence Theorem for Probability Kinematics.Paul R. Graves - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (2):317-324.
    L. J. Savage and I. J. Good have each demonstrated that the expected utility of free information is never negative for a decision maker who updates her degrees of belief by conditionalization on propositions learned for certain. In this paper Good's argument is generalized to show the same result for a decision maker who updates her degrees of belief on the basis of uncertain information by Richard Jeffrey's probability kinematics. The Savage/Good result is shown to be a special case of (...)
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  40. Borden Parker Bowne and F. R. Tennant.Paul R. Helsel - 1955 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 36 (1):47.
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  41.  10
    Attention, Dopamine, and Schizophrenia.Paul R. Solomon & Andrew Crider - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (1):75-76.
  42.  4
    A History of American Pathology by Esmond R. Long.Paul R. Cannon - 1963 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 6 (3):388-389.
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  43.  99
    Han Fei's Doctrine of Self-Interest.Paul R. Goldin - 2001 - Asian Philosophy 11 (3):151 – 159.
    Chapter 49 of the Han Feizi, entitled 'Wudu', includes one of the earliest discussions in Chinese history of the concepts of gong and si: Han Fei takes si to mean 'acting in one's own interest'. Gong is simply what opposes si. 'Acting in one's own interest' is not inherently reprehensible in Han Fei's view; but a ruler must remember why ministers propose their policies: they are concerned only with enriching themselves, and look upon the ruler as nothing more than a (...)
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  44. Humanism in Business – Towards a Paradigm Shift?Michael A. Pirson & Paul R. Lawrence - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 93 (4):553-565.
    Management theory and practice are facing unprecedented challenges. The lack of sustainability, the increasing inequity, and the continuous decline in societal trust pose a threat to ‘business as usual’. Capitalism is at a crossroad and scholars, practitioners, and policy makers are called to rethink business strategy in light of major external changes. In the following, we review an alternative view of human beings that is based on a renewed Darwinian theory developed by Lawrence and Nohria. We label this alternative view (...)
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  45. Ben Iyun le-Ma a Seh Mehkarim Li-Khevod Natan Rotenshtraikh Bi-Melot Lo Shiv Im Shanah.Paul R. Mendes-Flohr, Yirmiahu Yovel & Merkaz S. H. Bergman le- Iyun Filosofi - 1984
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  46. Uncovering the Constitution's Moral Design.Paul R. DeHart - 2007 - University of Missouri.
    The U.S. Constitution provides a framework for our laws, but what does it have to say about morality? Paul DeHart ferrets out that document’s implicit moral assumptions as he revisits the notion that constitutions are more than merely practical institutional arrangements. In _Uncovering the Constitution’s Moral Design_, he seeks to reveal, elaborate, and then evaluate the Constitution’s normative framework to determine whether it is philosophically sound—and whether it makes moral assumptions that correspond to reality. Rejecting the standard approach of (...)
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  47.  9
    Toward a Mechanistic Account of Extended Cognition.Paul R. Smart - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology:1-29.
    There have been a number of attempts to apply mechanism-related concepts to the notion of extended cognition. Such accounts appeal to the idea that extended cognitive routines are realized by mechanisms that transcend some salient border or boundary. The present paper describes some of the challenges confronting the effort to develop a mechanistic account of extended cognition. In particular, it describes five problems that must be resolved if we are to make sense of the idea that extended cognition can be (...)
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  48. Coherent and Creative Conceptual Combinations.Paul R. Thagard - 1997 - In T.B. Ward, S.M Smith & J. Viad (eds.), Creative Thought: An Investigation of Conceptual Structures and Processes. American Psychological Association.
    Conceptual combinations range from the utterly mundane to the sublimely creative. Mundane combinations include a myriad of adjective-noun and noun-noun juxtapositions that crop up in everyday speaking and writing, such as blue car, cooked carrots, and radio phone. Creative combinations include some of the most important theoretical constructions in science, such as sound wave, bacterial infection, and natural selection. Both mundane and creative conceptual combinations are essential to our attempts to make sense of the world and people's utterances about it. (...)
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  49.  6
    Variability and Confirmation.Paul R. Thagard & Richard E. Nisbett - 1993 - In Richard E. Nisbett (ed.), Rules for Reasoning. L. Erlbaum Associates. pp. 55.
  50.  33
    Darwin and Whewell.Paul R. Thagard - 1977 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 8 (4):353.
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