Results for 'Paul R. Klohr'

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  1.  33
    Book Reviews Section 3.James L. Jarrett, Walter P. Krolikowski, Charles R. Estes, Hugh C. Black, Charles S. Benson, John Lipkin, Gerald T. Kowitz, Anthony Scarangello, Langston C. Bannister, David N. Campbell, Christine C. Swarm, Steven I. Miller, David H. Ford, William J. Mathis, Don Kauchak, Paul R. Klohr, George W. Bright, Joyce Ann Rich, Edward F. Dash & Marvin Willerman - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (3):155-168.
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  2.  16
    Book Reviews Section 3.Evelyn Weber, Malcolm B. Campbell, Paul R. Klohr, Virgil A. Clift, Charles M. Galloway, Donald Arstine, William C. Bailey, Maurice P. Hunt, J. Junius Johnson, Max Bailey, Eleanor Leacock, Jack Otis & Earl F. Rankin - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (1):44-53.
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  3. Concepts and Conceptual Change.Paul R. Thagard - 1990 - Synthese 82 (2):255-74.
    This paper argues that questions concerning the nature of concepts that are central in cognitive psychology are also important to epistemology and that there is more to conceptual change than mere belief revision. Understanding of epistemic change requires appreciation of the complex ways in which concepts are structured and organized and of how this organization can affect belief revision. Following a brief summary of the psychological functions of concepts and a discussion of some recent accounts of what concepts are, I (...)
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  4.  46
    Religious Pluralism and the Divine: Another Look at John Hick's Neo-Kantian Proposal: PAUL R. EDDY.Paul R. Eddy - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (4):467-478.
    This study focuses upon the heart of John Hick's pluralistic philosophy of religion – his neo-Kantian response to the problem of conflicting inter-religious conceptions of the divine. Hick attempts to root his proposal in two streams of tradition: the inter-religious awareness of the distinction between the divine in itself vs. the divine as humanly experienced, and a Kantian epistemology. In fact, these attempts are problematic in that his hypothesis introduces a radical subjectivizing element at both junctures. In the end, I (...)
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  5. The Best Explanation: Criteria for Theory Choice.Paul R. Thagard - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy 75 (2):76-92.
  6. The Web‐Extended Mind.Paul R. Smart - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (4):446-463.
    This article explores the notion of the Web-extended mind, which is the idea that the technological and informational elements of the Web can sometimes serve as part of the mechanistic substrate that realizes human mental states and processes. It is argued that while current forms of the Web may not be particularly suited to the realization of Web-extended minds, new forms of user interaction technology as well as new approaches to information representation do provide promising new opportunities for Web-based forms (...)
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  7. Why Astrology is a Pseudoscience.Paul R. Thagard - 1978 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1978:223 - 234.
    Using astrology as a case study, this paper attempts to establish a criterion for demarcating science from pseudoscience. Numerous reasons for considering astrology to be a pseudoscience are evaluated and rejected; verifiability and falsifiability are briefly discussed. A theory is said to be pseudoscientific if and only if (1) it has been less progressive than alternative theories over a long period of time, and faces many unsolved problems, but (2) the community of practitioners makes little attempt to develop the theory (...)
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  8.  4
    The Flight From Science and Reason.Paul R. Gross, Norman Levitt & Martin W. Lewis (eds.) - 1996 - The New York Academy of Sciences.
    "Evidence of a flight from reason is as old as human record-keeping: the fact of it certainly goes back an even longer way. Flight from science specifically, among the forms of rational inquiry, goes back as far as science itself... But rejection of reason is now a pattern to be found in most branches of scholarship and in all the learned professions."--from the introduction In the widely acclaimed Higher Superstition: The Academic Left and Its Quarrels with Science, Paul R. (...)
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  9.  13
    Toward a Mechanistic Account of Extended Cognition.Paul R. Smart - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology:1-29.
    There have been a number of attempts to apply mechanism-related concepts to the notion of extended cognition. Such accounts appeal to the idea that extended cognitive routines are realized by mechanisms that transcend some salient border or boundary. The present paper describes some of the challenges confronting the effort to develop a mechanistic account of extended cognition. In particular, it describes five problems that must be resolved if we are to make sense of the idea that extended cognition can be (...)
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  10. Paul R. Moorcraft and Mark A. Lewis, Mechanistic Home Range Analysis.R. McNeill Alexander - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (4):433.
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  11. Existential Inertia.Paul R. Audi - 2019 - Philosophic Exchange 48 (1):1-26.
    To all appearances, the basic building blocks of reality tend to keep existing unless something intervenes to destroy them. In other words, basic things seem to have existential inertia. But why might this be? This paper considers a number of arguments for and against existential inertia. It discusses arguments inspired by Aquinas, Descartes, and Spinoza, as well as considerations deriving from Occam’s Razor, entropy, and certain views about the nature of time and change.
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  12. Naive Set Theory.Paul R. Halmos & Patrick Suppes - 1961 - Synthese 13 (1):86-87.
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  13.  42
    Executive Attitudes, Organizational Size and Ethical Issues: Perspectives on a Service Industry. [REVIEW]Paul R. Murphy, Jonathan E. Smith & James M. Daley - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (1):11 - 19.
    Responding to Randall and Gibson''s (1990) call for more rigorous methodologies in empirically-based ethics research, this paper develops propositions — based on both previous ethics research as well as the larger organizational behavior literature — examining the impact of attitudes, leadership, presence/absence of ethical codes and organizational size on corporate ethical behavior. The results, which come from a mail survey of 149 companies in a major U.S. service industry, indicate that attitudes and organizational size are the best predictors of ethical (...)
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  14.  15
    The Perspectives of Psychiatry.Paul R. McHugh - 1998 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Substantially revised to include a wealth of new material, the second edition of this highly acclaimed work provides a concise, coherent introduction that brings structure to an increasingly fragmented and amorphous discipline. Paul R. McHugh and Phillip R. Slavney offer an approach that emphasizes psychiatry's unifying concepts while accommodating its diversity. Recognizing that there may never be a single, all-encompassing theory, the book distills psychiatric practice into four explanatory methods: diseases, dimensions of personality, goal-directed behaviors, and life stories. These (...)
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  15.  20
    Lectures on Boolean Algebras.Paul R. Halmos - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (2):253-254.
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  16.  71
    The Poor Man's Guide to Supervenience and Determination.Paul R. Teller - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy Supplement 22 (S1):137-62.
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  17.  41
    Paul R. Halmos. Lectures on Boolean Algebras. D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc., Princeton, Toronto, New York, and London, 1963, V + 147 Pp. [REVIEW]R. S. Pierce - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (2):253-254.
  18.  16
    Paul Fischer, Tr. And Ed., Shizi: China’s First Syncretist: New York: Columbia University Press, 2012, 248 Pages. [REVIEW]Paul R. Goldin - 2013 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 12 (1):117-119.
  19. Arc Consistency: Parallelism and Domain Dependence.Paul R. Cooper & Michael J. Swain - 1992 - Artificial Intelligence 58 (1-3):207-235.
  20.  83
    The Passionate Scientist: Emotion in Scientific Cognition.Paul R. Thagard - 2002 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen P. Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 235.
    Since Plato, most philosophers have drawn a sharp line between reason and emotion, assuming that emotions interfere with rationality and have nothing to contribute to good reasoning. In his dialogue the Phaedrus, Plato compared the rational part of the soul to a charioteer who must control his steeds, which correspond to the emotional parts of the soul (Plato 1961, p. 499). Today, scientists are often taken as the paragons of rationality, and scientific thought is generally assumed to be independent of (...)
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  21.  38
    Variability and Confirmation.Paul R. Thagard & Richard E. Nisbett - 1982 - Philosophical Studies 42 (3):379-394.
  22.  72
    Persistent Misconceptions About Chinese “Legalism”.Paul R. Goldin - 2011 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 38 (1):88-104.
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  23. Review: Paul R. Halmos, Lectures on Boolean Algebras. [REVIEW]R. S. Pierce - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (2):253-254.
     
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  24.  46
    Frames, Knowledge, and Inference.Paul R. Thagard - 1984 - Synthese 61 (2):233 - 259.
  25. Ecoethics: Now Central to All Ethics. [REVIEW]Paul R. Ehrlich - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (4):417-436.
    A few years ago, I wrote on the need for expansion of the environmental areas of bioethics, and covered some of the topics touched on here. Sadly, although it is possible to find some notable exceptions, bioethics does not provide much of an ethical base for considering human-nature relationships. Here I’m not going to deal with these philosophical issues or others about the nature of ethical decision-making. The rapid worsening of the human predicament means that applied ethical issues with a (...)
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  26. A Contemporary Look at Emergence.Paul R. Teller - 1992 - In Ansgar Beckermann, Hans Flohr & Jaegwon Kim (eds.), Emergence or Reduction?: Prospects for Nonreductive Physicalism. De Gruyter.
     
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  27.  41
    Relations of Creative Responses to Working Time and Instructions.Paul R. Christensen, J. P. Guilford & R. C. Wilson - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (2):82.
  28. Augustine and the Cure of Souls: Revising a Classical Ideal.Paul R. Kolbet - 2009 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    __Augustine and the Cure of Souls __situates Augustine within the ancient philosophical tradition of using words to order emotions. Paul Kolbet uncovers a profound continuity in Augustine's thought, from his earliest pre-baptismal writings to his final acts as bishop, revealing a man deeply indebted to the Roman past and yet distinctly Christian. Rather than supplanting his classical learning, Augustine's Christianity reinvigorated precisely those elements of Roman wisdom that he believed were slipping into decadence. In particular, Kolbet addresses the manner (...)
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  29. The Cognitive Basis of Science.Paul R. Thagard - 2002 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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  30. Applying mechanical philosophy to web science: The case of social machines.Paul R. Smart, Kieron O’Hara & Wendy Hall - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (3):1-29.
    Social machines are a prominent focus of attention for those who work in the field of Web and Internet science. Although a number of online systems have been described as social machines, there is, as yet, little consensus as to the precise meaning of the term “social machine.” This presents a problem for the scientific study of social machines, especially when it comes to the provision of a theoretical framework that directs, informs, and explicates the scientific and engineering activities of (...)
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  31.  4
    Evidence‐Based Medicine's Curious Path: From Clinical Epidemiology to Patient‐Centered Care Through Decision Analysis.Paul R. Falzer - 2021 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 27 (3):631-637.
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  32.  9
    Facilitated Ethics Conversations.Paul R. Helft, Patricia D. Bledsoe, Maureen Hancock & Lucia D. Wocial - 2009 - Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 11 (1):27-33.
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  33.  10
    Attention, Dopamine, and Schizophrenia.Paul R. Solomon & Andrew Crider - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (1):75-76.
  34.  46
    The Total Evidence Theorem for Probability Kinematics.Paul R. Graves - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (2):317-324.
    L. J. Savage and I. J. Good have each demonstrated that the expected utility of free information is never negative for a decision maker who updates her degrees of belief by conditionalization on propositions learned for certain. In this paper Good's argument is generalized to show the same result for a decision maker who updates her degrees of belief on the basis of uncertain information by Richard Jeffrey's probability kinematics. The Savage/Good result is shown to be a special case of (...)
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  35. Borden Parker Bowne and F. R. Tennant.Paul R. Helsel - 1955 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 36 (1):47.
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  36.  99
    Han Fei's Doctrine of Self-Interest.Paul R. Goldin - 2001 - Asian Philosophy 11 (3):151 – 159.
    Chapter 49 of the Han Feizi, entitled 'Wudu', includes one of the earliest discussions in Chinese history of the concepts of gong and si: Han Fei takes si to mean 'acting in one's own interest'. Gong is simply what opposes si. 'Acting in one's own interest' is not inherently reprehensible in Han Fei's view; but a ruler must remember why ministers propose their policies: they are concerned only with enriching themselves, and look upon the ruler as nothing more than a (...)
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  37.  31
    Linear Orderings Under One-One Reducibility.Paul R. Young - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (1):70-85.
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  38.  6
    Variability and Confirmation.Paul R. Thagard & Richard E. Nisbett - 1993 - In Richard E. Nisbett (ed.), Rules for Reasoning. L. Erlbaum Associates. pp. 55.
  39.  4
    A History of American Pathology by Esmond R. Long.Paul R. Cannon - 1963 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 6 (3):388-389.
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  40.  1
    Biodiversity Studies: Science and Policy.Paul R. Ehrlich & Edward O. Wilson - 1991 - Science 253 (5021):758-762.
    Biodiversity studies comprise the systematic examination of the full array of different kinds of organisms together with the technology by which the diversity can be maintained and used for the benefit of humanity. Current basic research at the species level focuses on the process of species formation, the standing levels of species numbers in various higher taxonomic categories, and the phenomena of hyperdiversity and extinction proneness. The major practical concern is the massive extinction rate now caused by human activity, which (...)
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  41. Coherent and Creative Conceptual Combinations.Paul R. Thagard - 1997 - In T.B. Ward, S.M Smith & J. Viad (eds.), Creative Thought: An Investigation of Conceptual Structures and Processes. American Psychological Association.
    Conceptual combinations range from the utterly mundane to the sublimely creative. Mundane combinations include a myriad of adjective-noun and noun-noun juxtapositions that crop up in everyday speaking and writing, such as blue car, cooked carrots, and radio phone. Creative combinations include some of the most important theoretical constructions in science, such as sound wave, bacterial infection, and natural selection. Both mundane and creative conceptual combinations are essential to our attempts to make sense of the world and people's utterances about it. (...)
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  42.  6
    Nietzsche's Scala Amoris: Nietzsche and Diotima on Eros and Philosophy.Paul R. Murphy - unknown
    Nietzsche’s conception of eros and its role in the development of philosophers is similar to the conception of those same topics espoused by Diotima in Plato’s Symposium. Nietzsche and Diotima agree that eros is an insatiable desire to possess the beautiful, that eros aims at immortality through reproduction, and that philosophy requires an ascent beyond sexual desire to “higher” forms of eros, which nevertheless are still modeled on heterosexual reproduction. Understanding these facets of Nietzsche’s view leads to an apparent contradiction (...)
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  43.  33
    Darwin and Whewell.Paul R. Thagard - 1977 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 8 (4):353.
  44.  14
    Algebraic Logic, I. Monadic Boolean Algebras.Paul R. Halmos - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (2):219-222.
  45. Self-Deception and Emotional Coherence.Baljinder Sahdra & Paul R. Thagard - 2003 - Minds and Machines 13 (2):213-231.
    This paper proposes that self-deception results from the emotional coherence of beliefs with subjective goals. We apply the HOTCO computational model of emotional coherence to simulate a rich case of self-deception from Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter.We argue that this model is more psychologically realistic than other available accounts of self-deception, and discuss related issues such as wishful thinking, intention, and the division of the self.
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  46.  21
    Using Data Mining Techniques to Characterize Participation in Observational Studies.Ariel Linden & Paul R. Yarnold - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (6):839-847.
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  47.  11
    The Haunting Fetus: Abortion, Sexuality, and the Spirit World in Taiwan.Paul R. Katz & Marc L. Moskowitz - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (1):231.
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  48.  1
    Uncovering the Constitution's Moral Design.Paul R. DeHart - 2007 - University of Missouri.
    The U.S. Constitution provides a framework for our laws, but what does it have to say about morality? Paul DeHart ferrets out that document’s implicit moral assumptions as he revisits the notion that constitutions are more than merely practical institutional arrangements. In _Uncovering the Constitution’s Moral Design_, he seeks to reveal, elaborate, and then evaluate the Constitution’s normative framework to determine whether it is philosophically sound—and whether it makes moral assumptions that correspond to reality. Rejecting the standard approach of (...)
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  49.  8
    Using Machine Learning to Assess Covariate Balance in Matching Studies.Ariel Linden & Paul R. Yarnold - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (6):848-854.
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  50.  5
    Philosophy of Medicine: An Introduction.R. Paul Thompson & Ross Upshur - 2016 - Routledge.
    What kind of knowledge is medical knowledge? Can medicine be explained scientifically? Is disease a scientific concept, or do explanations of disease depend on values? What is ‘evidence-based’ medicine? Are advances in neuroscience bringing us closer to a scientific understanding of the mind? The nature of medicine raises fundamental questions about explanation, causation, knowledge and ontology – questions that are central to philosophy as well as medicine. In this book Paul R. Thompson and Ross E. G. Upshur introduce the (...)
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