Results for 'Paul R. Klohr'

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  1.  44
    Book Reviews Section 3.James L. Jarrett, Walter P. Krolikowski, Charles R. Estes, Hugh C. Black, Charles S. Benson, John Lipkin, Gerald T. Kowitz, Anthony Scarangello, Langston C. Bannister, David N. Campbell, Christine C. Swarm, Steven I. Miller, David H. Ford, William J. Mathis, Don Kauchak, Paul R. Klohr, George W. Bright, Joyce Ann Rich, Edward F. Dash & Marvin Willerman - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (3):155-168.
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  2.  20
    book Reviews Section 3.Evelyn Weber, Malcolm B. Campbell, Paul R. Klohr, Virgil A. Clift, Charles M. Galloway, Donald Arstine, William C. Bailey, Maurice P. Hunt, J. Junius Johnson, Max Bailey, Eleanor Leacock, Jack Otis & Earl F. Rankin - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (1):44-53.
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  3.  12
    The influence of Greek drama on Matthew’s Gospel.Paul R. McCuistion, Colin Warner & Francois P. Viljoen - 2014 - HTS Theological Studies 70 (1).
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  4. The best explanation: Criteria for theory choice.Paul R. Thagard - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy 75 (2):76-92.
  5. The Web‐Extended Mind.Paul R. Smart - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (4):446-463.
    This article explores the notion of the Web-extended mind, which is the idea that the technological and informational elements of the Web can sometimes serve as part of the mechanistic substrate that realizes human mental states and processes. It is argued that while current forms of the Web may not be particularly suited to the realization of Web-extended minds, new forms of user interaction technology as well as new approaches to information representation do provide promising new opportunities for Web-based forms (...)
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  6. Why Astrology is a Pseudoscience.Paul R. Thagard - 1978 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1978:223 - 234.
    Using astrology as a case study, this paper attempts to establish a criterion for demarcating science from pseudoscience. Numerous reasons for considering astrology to be a pseudoscience are evaluated and rejected; verifiability and falsifiability are briefly discussed. A theory is said to be pseudoscientific if and only if (1) it has been less progressive than alternative theories over a long period of time, and faces many unsolved problems, but (2) the community of practitioners makes little attempt to develop the theory (...)
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  7.  36
    Toward a Mechanistic Account of Extended Cognition.Paul R. Smart - 2022 - Philosophical Psychology 35 (8):1107-1135.
    There have been a number of attempts to apply mechanism-related concepts to the notion of extended cognition. Such accounts appeal to the idea that extended cognitive routines are realized by mechanisms that transcend some salient border or boundary. The present paper describes some of the challenges confronting the effort to develop a mechanistic account of extended cognition. In particular, it describes five problems that must be resolved if we are to make sense of the idea that extended cognition can be (...)
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  8.  82
    Mandevillian Intelligence.Paul R. Smart - 2018 - Synthese 195 (9):4169-4200.
    Mandevillian intelligence is a specific form of collective intelligence in which individual cognitive vices are seen to play a positive functional role in yielding collective forms of cognitive success. The present paper introduces the concept of mandevillian intelligence and reviews a number of strands of empirical research that help to shed light on the phenomenon. The paper also attempts to highlight the value of the concept of mandevillian intelligence from a philosophical, scientific and engineering perspective. Inasmuch as we accept the (...)
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  9.  22
    The Flight from science and reason.Paul R. Gross, Norman Levitt & Martin W. Lewis (eds.) - 1996 - New York N.Y.: The New York Academy of Sciences.
    "Evidence of a flight from reason is as old as human record-keeping: the fact of it certainly goes back an even longer way. Flight from science specifically, among the forms of rational inquiry, goes back as far as science itself... But rejection of reason is now a pattern to be found in most branches of scholarship and in all the learned professions."--from the introduction In the widely acclaimed Higher Superstition: The Academic Left and Its Quarrels with Science, Paul R. (...)
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  10. Existential Inertia.Paul R. Audi - 2019 - Philosophic Exchange 48 (1):1-26.
    To all appearances, the basic building blocks of reality tend to keep existing unless something intervenes to destroy them. In other words, basic things seem to have existential inertia. But why might this be? This paper considers a number of arguments for and against existential inertia. It discusses arguments inspired by Aquinas, Descartes, and Spinoza, as well as considerations deriving from Occam’s Razor, entropy, and certain views about the nature of time and change.
     
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  11. Naive Set Theory.Paul R. Halmos & Patrick Suppes - 1961 - Synthese 13 (1):86-87.
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  12.  31
    Lectures on Boolean Algebras.Paul R. Halmos - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (2):253-254.
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  13.  92
    Persistent misconceptions about chinese “legalism”.Paul R. Goldin - 2011 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 38 (1):88-104.
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  14.  2
    Arc consistency: parallelism and domain dependence.Paul R. Cooper & Michael J. Swain - 1992 - Artificial Intelligence 58 (1-3):207-235.
  15.  33
    The perspectives of psychiatry.Paul R. McHugh - 1998 - Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Edited by Phillip R. Slavney.
    Substantially revised to include a wealth of new material, the second edition of this highly acclaimed work provides a concise, coherent introduction that brings structure to an increasingly fragmented and amorphous discipline. Paul R. McHugh and Phillip R. Slavney offer an approach that emphasizes psychiatry's unifying concepts while accommodating its diversity. Recognizing that there may never be a single, all-encompassing theory, the book distills psychiatric practice into four explanatory methods: diseases, dimensions of personality, goal-directed behaviors, and life stories. These (...)
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  16.  42
    Variability and confirmation.Paul R. Thagard & Richard E. Nisbett - 1982 - Philosophical Studies 42 (3):379-394.
  17.  9
    Augustine and the Cure of Souls: Revising a Classical Ideal.Paul R. Kolbet - 2009 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    __Augustine and the Cure of Souls __situates Augustine within the ancient philosophical tradition of using words to order emotions. Paul Kolbet uncovers a profound continuity in Augustine's thought, from his earliest pre-baptismal writings to his final acts as bishop, revealing a man deeply indebted to the Roman past and yet distinctly Christian. Rather than supplanting his classical learning, Augustine's Christianity reinvigorated precisely those elements of Roman wisdom that he believed were slipping into decadence. In particular, Kolbet addresses the manner (...)
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  18. The passionate scientist: Emotion in scientific cognition.Paul R. Thagard - 2002 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen P. Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 235.
    Since Plato, most philosophers have drawn a sharp line between reason and emotion, assuming that emotions interfere with rationality and have nothing to contribute to good reasoning. In his dialogue the Phaedrus, Plato compared the rational part of the soul to a charioteer who must control his steeds, which correspond to the emotional parts of the soul (Plato 1961, p. 499). Today, scientists are often taken as the paragons of rationality, and scientific thought is generally assumed to be independent of (...)
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  19. Concepts and conceptual change.Paul R. Thagard - 1990 - Synthese 82 (2):255-74.
    This paper argues that questions concerning the nature of concepts that are central in cognitive psychology are also important to epistemology and that there is more to conceptual change than mere belief revision. Understanding of epistemic change requires appreciation of the complex ways in which concepts are structured and organized and of how this organization can affect belief revision. Following a brief summary of the psychological functions of concepts and a discussion of some recent accounts of what concepts are, I (...)
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  20.  10
    Facilitated Ethics Conversations.Paul R. Helft, Patricia D. Bledsoe, Maureen Hancock & Lucia D. Wocial - 2009 - Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 11 (1):27-33.
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  21.  12
    Attention, dopamine, and schizophrenia.Paul R. Solomon & Andrew Crider - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (1):75-76.
  22.  44
    Relations of creative responses to working time and instructions.Paul R. Christensen, J. P. Guilford & R. C. Wilson - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (2):82.
  23. Han Fei's doctrine of self-interest.Paul R. Goldin - 2001 - Asian Philosophy 11 (3):151 – 159.
    Chapter 49 of the Han Feizi, entitled 'Wudu', includes one of the earliest discussions in Chinese history of the concepts of gong and si: Han Fei takes si to mean 'acting in one's own interest'. Gong is simply what opposes si. 'Acting in one's own interest' is not inherently reprehensible in Han Fei's view; but a ruler must remember why ministers propose their policies: they are concerned only with enriching themselves, and look upon the ruler as nothing more than a (...)
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  24.  51
    Frames, knowledge, and inference.Paul R. Thagard - 1984 - Synthese 61 (2):233 - 259.
  25.  4
    Mencius in the Han Dynasty.Paul R. Goldin - 2023 - In Yang Xiao & Kim-Chong Chong (eds.), Dao Companion to the Philosophy of Mencius. Springer. pp. 49-61.
    This chapter reviews the aspects of Mencius that did and did not interest Han-dynasty writers. With the help of digital concordances, it is easy to discover that many of the passages considered crucial today were rarely, if ever, cited in the Han. These include the parable of the infant about to fall into a well (2A.6), the debate with a Mohist named Yi Zhi 夷之 (3A.5), and the concept of liangzhi 良知 (7A.15), which, since Wang Yangming 王陽明 (1472–1528), has been (...)
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  26.  9
    Variability and Confirmation.Paul R. Thagard & Richard E. Nisbett - 1993 - In Richard E. Nisbett (ed.), Rules for Reasoning. L. Erlbaum Associates. pp. 55.
  27. Introduction.Paul R. Goldin - 2017 - In A Concise Companion to Confucius. Chichester, UK: Wiley. pp. 1–12.
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  28. A contemporary look at emergence.Paul R. Teller - 1992 - In Ansgar Beckermann, Hans Flohr & Jaegwon Kim (eds.), Emergence or Reduction?: Prospects for Nonreductive Physicalism. De Gruyter.
     
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  29.  11
    The Web‐Extended Mind.Paul R. Smart - 2013 - In Harry Halpin & Alexandre Monnin (eds.), Philosophical Engineering. Oxford, UK: Wiley. pp. 116–133.
    This chapter explores the notion of the Web‐extended mind, which is the idea that the technological and informational elements of the Web can sometimes serve as part of the mechanistic substrate that realizes human mental states and processes. It is argued that while current forms of the Web may not be particularly suited to the realization of Web‐extended minds, new forms of user interaction technology as well as new approaches to information representation do provide promising new opportunities for Web‐based forms (...)
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  30. The Cognitive Basis of Science.Paul R. Thagard - 2002 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  31.  42
    Human impact: the ethics of I=PAT.Paul R. Ehrlich - 2014 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 14 (1):11-18.
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  32.  59
    The total evidence theorem for probability kinematics.Paul R. Graves - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (2):317-324.
    L. J. Savage and I. J. Good have each demonstrated that the expected utility of free information is never negative for a decision maker who updates her degrees of belief by conditionalization on propositions learned for certain. In this paper Good's argument is generalized to show the same result for a decision maker who updates her degrees of belief on the basis of uncertain information by Richard Jeffrey's probability kinematics. The Savage/Good result is shown to be a special case of (...)
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  33.  12
    The Haunting Fetus: Abortion, Sexuality, and the Spirit World in Taiwan.Paul R. Katz & Marc L. Moskowitz - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (1):231.
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  34.  22
    Algebraic Logic, I. Monadic Boolean Algebras.Paul R. Halmos - 1958 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (2):219-222.
  35.  35
    Linear orderings under one-one reducibility.Paul R. Young - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (1):70-85.
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  36.  18
    Appeals to history in early chinese philosophy and rhetoric.Paul R. Goldin - 2008 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 35 (1):79–96.
  37.  7
    Rendering mental disorders intelligible: addressing psychiatry's urgent challenge.Paul R. McHugh - 2012 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry Ii: Nosology. Oxford University Press. pp. 42--53.
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  38.  4
    Uncovering the Constitution's Moral Design.Paul R. DeHart - 2007 - University of Missouri.
    The U.S. Constitution provides a framework for our laws, but what does it have to say about morality? Paul DeHart ferrets out that document’s implicit moral assumptions as he revisits the notion that constitutions are more than merely practical institutional arrangements. In _Uncovering the Constitution’s Moral Design_, he seeks to reveal, elaborate, and then evaluate the Constitution’s normative framework to determine whether it is philosophically sound—and whether it makes moral assumptions that correspond to reality. Rejecting the standard approach of (...)
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  39.  23
    Science policy in the Soviet Union, 1917–1927.Paul R. Josephson - 1988 - Minerva 26 (3):342-369.
  40.  10
    Biodiversity Studies: Science and Policy.Paul R. Ehrlich & Edward O. Wilson - 1991 - Science 253 (5021):758-762.
    Biodiversity studies comprise the systematic examination of the full array of different kinds of organisms together with the technology by which the diversity can be maintained and used for the benefit of humanity. Current basic research at the species level focuses on the process of species formation, the standing levels of species numbers in various higher taxonomic categories, and the phenomena of hyperdiversity and extinction proneness. The major practical concern is the massive extinction rate now caused by human activity, which (...)
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  41.  78
    Do Events Have Their Parts Essentially?Paul R. Daniels & Dana Goswick - 2017 - Acta Analytica 32 (3):313-320.
    We argue that mereological essentialism for events is independent of mereological essentialism for objects, and that the philosophical fallout of embracing mereological essentialism for events is minimal. We first outline what we should consider to be the parts of events, and then highlight why one would naturally be inclined to think that the object-question and the event-question are linked. Then, we argue that they are not. We also diagnose why this is the case and emphasize the upshot. In particular, we (...)
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  42.  34
    Darwin and Whewell.Paul R. Thagard - 1977 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 8 (4):353.
  43.  7
    Artists or art thieves? media use, media messages, and public opinion about artificial intelligence image generators.Paul R. Brewer, Liam Cuddy, Wyatt Dawson & Robert Stise - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-11.
    This study investigates how patterns of media use and exposure to media messages are related to attitudes about artificial intelligence (AI) image generators. In doing so, it builds on theoretical accounts of media framing and public opinion about science and technology topics, including AI. The analyses draw on data from a survey of the US public (N = 1,035) that included an experimental manipulation of exposure to tweets framing AI image generators in terms of real art, artists’ concerns, artists’ outrage, (...)
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  44. Hugo Black and Judicial Lawmaking: Forty Years in Retrospect.Paul R. Baier - 2009 - Nexus - Chapman's Journal of Law & Policy 14:3.
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  45.  35
    Argument deletion without events.Paul R. Graves - 1993 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 34 (4):607-620.
  46. Applying mechanical philosophy to web science: The case of social machines.Paul R. Smart, Kieron O’Hara & Wendy Hall - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (3):1-29.
    Social machines are a prominent focus of attention for those who work in the field of Web and Internet science. Although a number of online systems have been described as social machines, there is, as yet, little consensus as to the precise meaning of the term “social machine.” This presents a problem for the scientific study of social machines, especially when it comes to the provision of a theoretical framework that directs, informs, and explicates the scientific and engineering activities of (...)
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  47.  15
    Unbounded visual search is not both biologically plausible and NP - Complete.Paul R. Kube - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):768-770.
  48.  48
    Why daoism is not environmentalism.Paul R. Goldin - 2005 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 32 (1):75–87.
  49.  2
    Reason, Revelation, and the Civic Order: Political Philosophy and the Claims of Faith.Paul R. DeHart & Carson Holloway (eds.) - 2014 - DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press.
    While the dominant approaches to the current study of political philosophy are various, with some friendlier to religious belief than others, almost all place constraints on the philosophic and political role of revelation. Mainstream secular political theorists do not entirely disregard religion. But to the extent that they pay attention, their treatment of religious belief is seen more as a political or philosophic problem to be addressed rather than as a positive body of thought from which we might derive important (...)
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  50.  19
    Response to editor.Paul R. Goldin - 2011 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 38 (2):328-329.
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