Results for 'Paul Shapiro'

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  1.  37
    Introduction.Paul Patton & Michael J. Shapiro - 2004 - Theory and Event 8 (1).
  2.  22
    The Powerful Placebo: From Ancient Priest to Modern Physician.Paul J. Edelson, Anne Harrington, Arthur K. Shapiro & Elaine Shapiro - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (5):42.
  3.  27
    Human rights violations in organ procurement practice in China.Norbert W. Paul, Arthur Caplan, Michael E. Shapiro, Charl Els, Kirk C. Allison & Huige Li - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):11.
    Over 90% of the organs transplanted in China before 2010 were procured from prisoners. Although Chinese officials announced in December 2014 that the country would completely cease using organs harvested from prisoners, no regulatory adjustments or changes in China’s organ donation laws followed. As a result, the use of prisoner organs remains legal in China if consent is obtained. We have collected and analysed available evidence on human rights violations in the organ procurement practice in China. We demonstrate that the (...)
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  4.  6
    Reconciling Supported Decision Making with Shared Decision Making in the Context of Potential Vulnerability.Devora Shapiro, Lauren R. Sankary & Paul J. Ford - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (11):35-37.
    Supported decision making, as outlined by Peterson et al. highlights real-world challenges in the messy context of clinical care. We agree with Peterson et al. that patients...
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  5.  7
    Determination of Death in Execution by Lethal Injection in China.Norbert W. Paul, Arthur Caplan, Michael E. Shapiro, Charl Els, Kirk C. Allison & Huige Li - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (3):459-466.
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  6. Moral agency in other animals.Paul Shapiro - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (4):357-373.
    Some philosophers have argued that moral agency is characteristic of humans alone and that its absence from other animals justifies granting higher moral status to humans. However, human beings do not have a monopoly on moral agency, which admits of varying degrees and does not require mastery of moral principles. The view that all and only humans possess moral agency indicates our underestimation of the mental lives of other animals. Since many other animals are moral agents (to varying degrees), they (...)
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  7. New Perspectives on the Philosophy of Paul Benacerraf: Truth, Objects, Infinity (Fabrice Pataut, Editor).Fabrice Pataut Jody Azzouni, Paul Benacerraf Justin Clarke-Doane, Jacques Dubucs Sébastien Gandon, Brice Halimi Jon Perez Laraudogoitia, Mary Leng Ana Leon-Mejia, Antonio Leon-Sanchez Marco Panza, Fabrice Pataut Philippe de Rouilhan & Andrea Sereni Stuart Shapiro - forthcoming - Springer.
  8. Nietzsche's on the Genealogy of Morals: Critical Essays.Keith Ansell Pearson, Babette Babich, Eric Blondel, Daniel Conway, Ken Gemes, Jürgen Habermas, Salim Kemal, Paul S. Loeb, Mark Migotti, Wolfgang Müller-Lauter, Alexander Nehamas, David Owen, Robert Pippin, Aaron Ridley, Gary Shapiro, Alan Schrift, Tracy Strong, Christine Swanton & Yirmiyahu Yovel - 2006 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this astonishingly rich volume, experts in ethics, epistemology, philosophy of mind, political theory, aesthetics, history, critical theory, and hermeneutics bring to light the best philosophical scholarship on what is arguably Nietzsche's most rewarding but most challenging text. Including essays that were commissioned specifically for the volume as well as essays revised and edited by their authors, this collection showcases definitive works that have shaped Nietzsche studies alongside new works of interest to students and experts alike. A lengthy introduction, annotated (...)
     
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  9.  32
    Historical development and current status of organ procurement from death-row prisoners in China.Kirk C. Allison, Arthur Caplan, Michael E. Shapiro, Charl Els, Norbert W. Paul & Huige Li - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundIn December 2014, China announced that only voluntarily donated organs from citizens would be used for transplantation after January 1, 2015. Many medical professionals worldwide believe that China has stopped using organs from death-row prisoners.DiscussionIn the present article, we briefly review the historical development of organ procurement from death-row prisoners in China and comprehensively analyze the social-political background and the legal basis of the announcement. The announcement was not accompanied by any change in organ sourcing legislations or regulations. As a (...)
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  10.  9
    A Nietzschean Bestiary: Becoming Animal Beyond Docile and Brutal.Babette Babbich, Debra Bergoffen, Thomas H. Brobjer, Daniel Conway, Brian Crowley, Brian Domino, Peter Groff, Jennifer Ham, Lawrence Hatab, Kathleen Marie Higgins, Vanessa Lemm, Paul S. Loeb, Nickolas Pappas, Richard Perkins, Gerd Schank, Alan D. Schrift, Gary Shapiro, Tracey Stark, Charles S. Taylor, Jami Weinstein & Martha Kendal Woodruff - 2003 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Nietzsche's use of metaphor has been widely noted but rarely focused to explore specific images in great detail. A Nietzschean Bestiary gathers essays devoted to the most notorious and celebrated beasts in Nietzsche's work. The essays illustrate Nietzsche's ample use of animal imagery, and link it to the dual philosophical purposes of recovering and revivifying human animality, which plays a significant role in his call for de-deifying nature.
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  11.  5
    Norman Shapiro. Functions which remain partial recursive under all similarity transformations. The journal of symbolic logic, vol. 28 no. 1 , pp. 17–19.Paul Axt - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (4):527.
  12.  15
    De homine: Traité de l'homme. Thomas Hobbes, Paul-Marie Maurin.Alan E. Shapiro - 1976 - Isis 67 (2):312-313.
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  13.  42
    Multiculturalism reconsidered: Culture and Equality and its Critics.Paul Kelly (ed.) - 2002 - Polity.
    Can multiculturalists be egalitarians and should egalitarians be multiculturalists? Is the absence of cultural recognition an injustice in the same way as the absence of individual rights or basic resources? These are some of the questions considered in this wide-ranging series of essays inspired by the political philosopher Brian Barry. Multiculturalist political theorists and policy-makers argue that liberal egalitarianism fails to take seriously the role of culture and group identity in defining harms and cases of injustice. Because liberal egalitarians adopt (...)
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  14. Review: Norman Shapiro, Functions which Remain Partial Recursive Under all Similarity Transformations. [REVIEW]Paul Axt - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (4):527-527.
  15.  9
    De homine: Traité de l'homme by Thomas Hobbes; Paul-Marie Maurin. [REVIEW]Alan Shapiro - 1976 - Isis 67:312-313.
  16.  21
    Juan de Valdés: la sua vita e il suo pensiero religioso. Con una completa bibliografia delle opere del Valdés e degli scritti intorno a lui (review).Paul T. Fuhrmann - 1964 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 2 (2):259-260.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:BOOK REVIEWS 259 to the non-Latin reader; instead, it turns out to be a sort of catalogue of opinions on a wide variety of philosophical topics held by many of the thinkers active in the period: between St: Paul and. Marsilius of Padua. But a few facts and figures will, I think, show why' La filosofia medievale is more properly characterized as Liber Sententiarum than Antologia di testi...... (...)
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  17.  13
    Understanding. [REVIEW]Gary Shapiro - 1983 - Review of Metaphysics 37 (2):405-406.
    This book aims at establishing a view of understanding that will be free of ties to the "cultural imperialism" and "scientific-technological reductionism" which the author sees as threatening the prospects for human freedom and dignity. In the course of this attempt he surveys a wide variety of anthropological, literary, and philosophical material, always focusing on those aspects of the subject matter that suggest the limitations of a scientistic world-view. It comes as something of a surprise when the attack on scientism (...)
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  18.  1
    Juan de Valdés: la sua vita e il suo pensiero religioso. Con una completa bibliografia delle opere del Valdés e degli scritti intorno a lui (review). [REVIEW]Paul T. Fuhrmann - 1964 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 2 (2):259-260.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:BOOK REVIEWS 259 to the non-Latin reader; instead, it turns out to be a sort of catalogue of opinions on a wide variety of philosophical topics held by many of the thinkers active in the period: between St: Paul and. Marsilius of Padua. But a few facts and figures will, I think, show why' La filosofia medievale is more properly characterized as Liber Sententiarum than Antologia di testi...... (...)
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  19.  36
    Art and Ideology Paul Zanker: The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus (translated by Alan Shapiro). (Jerome Lectures, Sixteenth Series.) Pp. viii + 385; 260 b/w illustrations. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1988. $30. [REVIEW]G. B. Waywell - 1991 - The Classical Review 41 (01):186-189.
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  20.  16
    Truth, Objects, Infinity: New Perspectives on the Philosophy of Paul Benacerraf.Fabrice Pataut (ed.) - 2016 - Cham: Springer Verlag.
    This volume features essays about and by Paul Benacerraf, whose ideas have circulated in the philosophical community since the early nineteen sixties, shaping key areas in the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of language, the philosophy of logic, and epistemology. The book started as a worskhop held in Paris at the Collège de France in May 2012 with the participation of Paul Benacerraf. The introduction addresses the methodological point of the legitimate use of so-called “Princess Margaret Premises” in (...)
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  21. Foundations without foundationalism: a case for second-order logic.Stewart Shapiro - 1991 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The central contention of this book is that second-order logic has a central role to play in laying the foundations of mathematics. In order to develop the argument fully, the author presents a detailed description of higher-order logic, including a comprehensive discussion of its semantics. He goes on to demonstrate the prevalence of second-order concepts in mathematics and the extent to which mathematical ideas can be formulated in higher-order logic. He also shows how first-order languages are often insufficient to codify (...)
  22. The Routledge Handbook of Embodied Cognition.Lawrence A. Shapiro (ed.) - 2014 - New York: Routledge.
    Embodied cognition is one of the foremost areas of study and research in philosophy of mind, philosophy of psychology and cognitive science. The Routledge Handbook of Embodied Cognition is an outstanding guide and reference source to the key philosophers, topics and debates in this exciting subject and essential reading for any student and scholar of philosophy of mind and cognitive science. Comprising over thirty chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into six parts: Historical Underpinnings Perspectives (...)
     
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  23.  43
    The Moral Foundations of Politics.Ian Shapiro - 2003 - London: Yale University Press.
    He concludes with an assessment of democracy's strengths and limitations as the font of political legitimacy. The book offers a lucid and accessible introduction to urgent ongoing conversations about the sources of political allegiance.
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  24.  79
    Varieties of Logic.Stewart Shapiro - 2014 - Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
    Logical pluralism is the view that different logics are equally appropriate, or equally correct. Logical relativism is a pluralism according to which validity and logical consequence are relative to something. Stewart Shapiro explores various such views. He argues that the question of meaning shift is itself context-sensitive and interest-relative.
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  25. Validity and Truth-Preservation.Lionel Shapiro & Julien Murzi - 2015 - In T. Achourioti, K. Fujimoto, H. Galinon & J. Martínez-Fernández (eds.), Unifying the Philosophy of Truth. Springer Verlag. pp. 431-459.
    The revisionary approach to semantic paradox is commonly thought to have a somewhat uncomfortable corollary, viz. that, on pain of triviality, we cannot affirm that all valid arguments preserve truth (Beall2007, Beall2009, Field2008, Field2009). We show that the standard arguments for this conclusion all break down once (i) the structural rule of contraction is restricted and (ii) how the premises can be aggregated---so that they can be said to jointly entail a given conclusion---is appropriately understood. In addition, we briefly rehearse (...)
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  26.  63
    How Real Is the Reality in Documentary Film? Jill Godmilow, in conversation with Ann-Louise Shapiro.Ann-Louise Shapiro - 1997 - History and Theory 36 (4):80-101.
    Documentary film, in the words of Bill Nichols, is one of the "discourses of sobriety" that include science, economics, politics, and history-discourses that claim to describe the "real," to tell the truth. Yet documentary film, in more obvious ways than does history, straddles the categories of fact and fiction, art and document, entertainment and knowledge. And the visual languages with which it operates have quite different effects than does the written text. In the following interview conducted during the winter of (...)
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  27. Ethical leadership and decision making in education: applying theoretical perspectives to complex dilemmas.Joan Poliner Shapiro - 2001 - Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates. Edited by Jacqueline Anne Stefkovich.
    The authors developed this textbook in response to an increasing interest in ethics, and a growing number of courses on this topic that are now being offered in educational leadership programs. It is designed to fill a gap in instructional materials for teaching the ethics component of the knowledge base that has been established for the profession. The text has several purposes: First, it demonstrates the application of different ethical paradigms (the ethics of justice, care, critique, and the profession) through (...)
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  28.  99
    The Multiple Realization Book.Thomas W. Polger & Lawrence A. Shapiro - 2016 - Oxford: Oxford University Press UK. Edited by Lawrence A. Shapiro.
    Since Hilary Putnam offered multiple realization as an empirical hypothesis in the 1960s, philosophical consensus has turned against the idea that mental processes are identifiable with brain processes, and multiple realization has become the keystone of the 'antireductive consensus' across philosophy of science. Thomas W. Polger and Lawrence A. Shapiro offer the first book-length investigation of multiple realization, which serves as a starting point to a series of philosophically sophisticated and empirically informed arguments that cast doubt on the generality (...)
  29. Bacteria are small but not stupid: cognition, natural genetic engineering and socio-bacteriology.J. A. Shapiro - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (4):807-819.
    Forty years’ experience as a bacterial geneticist has taught me that bacteria possess many cognitive, computational and evolutionary capabilities unimaginable in the first six decades of the twentieth century. Analysis of cellular processes such as metabolism, regulation of protein synthesis, and DNA repair established that bacteria continually monitor their external and internal environments and compute functional outputs based on information provided by their sensory apparatus. Studies of genetic recombination, lysogeny, antibiotic resistance and my own work on transposable elements revealed multiple (...)
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  30. LP, K3, and FDE as Substructural Logics.Lionel Shapiro - 2017 - In Pavel Arazim & Tomáš Lavička (eds.), The Logica Yearbook 2016. London: College Publications.
    Building on recent work, I present sequent systems for the non-classical logics LP, K3, and FDE with two main virtues. First, derivations closely resemble those in standard Gentzen-style systems. Second, the systems can be obtained by reformulating a classical system using nonstandard sequent structure and simply removing certain structural rules (relatives of exchange and contraction). I clarify two senses in which these logics count as “substructural.”.
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  31.  4
    Earth Art in the Great Acceleration: Times/Counter-Times, Monuments/Counter-Monuments.Gary Shapiro - 2024 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 38 (1):47-61.
    ABSTRACT This article attempts to situate land art in the deserts of the US Southwest in terms of the works’ relation to and rupture with more traditional genres (seventeenth to twentieth centuries) of parks, gardens, and landscape architecture. It argues that the earlier works provide implicit answers to questions concerning Earth’s meaning and offer models of flourishing habitation. In contrast, the more recent works, all constructed in the era of the great acceleration (the Anthropocene), pose questions having to do with (...)
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  32.  5
    Theory and Practice.Ian Shapiro & Judith Wagner Decew - 1996 - NYU Press.
    Contributors discuss the work of thinkers such as Cass Sunstein and Jeremy Waldron in their exploration of the relations between philosophical theories and everyday life. They elucidate major attempts to reconcile theory with practice in the Western tradition, from Herodotus to Heidegger, and discuss topics such as the role of theory in judicial decision-making and the political implication of theory. Of interest to philosophers, lawyers, and social scientists. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
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  33.  26
    Your body speaks your mind: how your thoughts and emotions affect your health.Debbie Shapiro - 1997 - Freedom, Calif.: Crossing Press.
    To be healed is to make ourselves whole, embracing our lost voices and forgotten selves that have been denied and therefore hidden. Debbie Shapiro examines this intimate connection between the mind and body in Your Body Speaks Your Mind, revealing insights into how our emotional and psychological states affect us physically. Comparing various medical approaches, Shapiro intersperses case studies, research and exercises as she explores the bodymind connection -- how unresolved thoughts and feelings affect our health and manifest (...)
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  34. HIV prevention research and global inequality: steps towards improved standards of care.K. Shapiro - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (1):39-47.
    Next SectionIntensification of poverty and degradation of health infrastructure over recent decades in countries most affected by HIV/AIDS present formidable challenges to clinical research. This paper addresses the overall standard of health care (SOC) that should be provided to research participants in developing countries, rather than the narrow definition of SOC that has characterised the international debate on standards of health care. It argues that contributing to sustainable improvements in health by progressively ratcheting the standard of care upwards for research (...)
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  35. New V, ZF and Abstraction.Stewart Shapiro & Alan Weir - 1999 - Philosophia Mathematica 7 (3):293-321.
    We examine George Boolos's proposed abstraction principle for extensions based on the limitation-of-size conception, New V, from several perspectives. Crispin Wright once suggested that New V could serve as part of a neo-logicist development of real analysis. We show that it fails both of the conservativeness criteria for abstraction principles that Wright proposes. Thus, we support Boolos against Wright. We also show that, when combined with the axioms for Boolos's iterative notion of set, New V yields a system equivalent to (...)
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  36.  65
    Recent Work in Philosophy of Mathematics: Review of P. Maddy, Naturalism in Mathematics; S. Shapiro, Philosophy of Mathematics: Structure and Ontology; M. Resnik, Mathematics as a Science of Patterns.Jamie Tappenden, Penelope Maddy, Stewart Shapiro & Michael Resnik - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (9):488.
  37. The Moral Foundations of Democracy.Ian Shapiro - 2003
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  38.  3
    Surviving postmodernism: some ethical and not so ethical debates in the media and universities.Ron Shapiro - 1998 - London: Sangam Books.
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction 9 -- Postmodernism and the End of 'Humanism'? 19 -- Postmodern Ambiguities: -- Out of the Frying-Pan into the Fire 34 -- In Postmodern Disorder: -- The Confused and Confusing World of The Hand that Signed the Paper 40 -- Ethics, the Literary Imagination, and the 'Other': The Hand that Ought, or was Imagined, to have Signed the Paper 47 -- Jew and Anti-Jew in Australian Fiction 58 -- Helen Garner's The First Stone: Ethical Confusions (...)
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  39.  12
    Art and the Absolute: A Study In Hegel’s Aesthetics.Gary Shapiro - 1986 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 46 (1):86-88.
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  40.  14
    The Nature and Limits of Abstraction.Stewart Shapiro - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (214):166-174.
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  41.  15
    The Limits of Logic: Higher-order Logic and the Löwenheim-Skolem Theorem.Stewart Shapiro - 1996 - Routledge.
    The articles in this volume represent a part of the philosophical literature on higher-order logic and the Skolem paradox. They ask the question what is second-order logic? and examine various interpretations of the Lowenheim-Skolem theorem.
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  42.  7
    Political Criticism.Ian Shapiro - 1990 - University of California Press.
    Since the 1960s a resurgence of interest in the moral foundations of politics has fueled debates about the appropriate sources of our political judgments. Ian Shapiro analyzes and advances these debates, discussing them in an accessibly style. He defends a view of politics called _critical naturalism_ as a third way between the neo-Kantian theory of John Rawl's and the contextual arguments of Richard Rorty, Michael Walzer, Alasdair MacIntyre and others. He formulates a new justification for democratic politics and an (...)
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  43.  11
    Cinematic political thought: narrating race, nation, and gender.Michael J. Shapiro - 1999 - New York: New York University Press.
    In Cinematic Political Thought , Michael J. Shapiro investigates aspects of contemporary politics and articulates a critical philosophical perspective with politically disposed treatments of contemporary cinema. Reading such films as Hoop Dreams, Lone Star, Father of the Bride II and To Live and Die in LA through the lens of Deleuze, Derrida, Foucault and Lyotard, Shapiro demonstrates what it can mean to think the political both in terms of cinema studies and in wider aesthetic and social contexts. Cinematic (...)
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  44.  16
    Hermeneutics: questions and prospects.Gary Shapiro & Alan Sica (eds.) - 1984 - Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.
    The collected essays in this volume encompass a wide-ranging spectrum of philosophical, scientific, and literary topics as they relate to the theory and strategy of interpretation.
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  45.  80
    Set Theory and Its Philosophy: A Critical Introduction.Stewart Shapiro - 2005 - Mind 114 (455):764-767.
  46.  30
    Paul Oppenheim on Order—The Career of a Logico-Philosophical Concept.Paul Ziche & Thomas Müller - 2013 - In Nikolay Milkov & Volker Peckhaus (eds.), The Berlin Group and the Philosophy of Logical Empiricism. Springer. pp. 265--291.
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  47.  24
    The Subject as Freedom.Mark Shapiro - 1966 - Philosophy East and West 16 (3):239-247.
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  48. Genome Informatics: The Role of DNA in Cellular Computations.James A. Shapiro - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (3):288-301.
    Cells are cognitive entities possessing great computational power. DNA serves as a multivalent information storage medium for these computations at various time scales. Information is stored in sequences, epigenetic modifications, and rapidly changing nucleoprotein complexes. Because DNA must operate through complexes formed with other molecules in the cell, genome functions are inherently interactive and involve two-way communication with various cellular compartments. Both coding sequences and repetitive sequences contribute to the hierarchical systemic organization of the genome. By virtue of nucleoprotein complexes, (...)
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  49.  33
    The State of Democratic Theory: a reply to James Fishkin.Ian Shapiro - 2005 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (1):79-83.
    I respond to Fishkin?s critique of my book The State of Democratic Theory. I reiterate my defense of a competitive model of democracy geared to reducing domination, rather than Fishkin?s deliberative model that deploys structured discussion to enlighten mass preferences. In light of the literatures on framing effects and the value of mutually independent judgments, I question whether the procedures Fishkin recommends would produce outcomes that are better informed rather than differently informed. Recognizing that deliberation might sometimes be helpful in (...)
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  50.  16
    Uterus Transplantation: A Step Too Far.Michael E. Shapiro & Frances Rieth Ward - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (7):36-37.
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