Results for 'Paul T. Gibbs'

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  1.  12
    Trusting in the University: The Contribution of Temporality and Trust to a Praxis of Higher Learning.Paul T. Gibbs - 2004 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The world changes and we are encouraged to change with it, but is all change good? This book asks us to stop and consider whether the higher education we are providing, and engaging in, for ourselves and our societies is what we ought to have, or what commercial interests want us to have. In claiming that there is a place for a higher education of learning, such as the university, amongst our array of tertiary options the book attempts to explore (...)
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  2.  69
    The Shifting Sands of Creative Thinking: Connections to Dual-Process Theory.Paul T. Sowden, Andrew Pringle & Liane Gabora - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (1):40-60.
    Dual-process models of cognition suggest that there are two types of thought: autonomous Type 1 processes and working memory dependent Type 2 processes that support hypothetical thinking. Models of creative thinking also distinguish between two sets of thinking processes: those involved in the generation of ideas and those involved with their refinement, evaluation, and/or selection. Here we review dual-process models in both these literatures and delineate the similarities and differences. Both generative creative processing and evaluative creative processing involve elements that (...)
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  3.  70
    Advance Directives, Dementia, and Physician‐Assisted Death.Paul T. Menzel & Bonnie Steinbock - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (2):484-500.
    Physician-assisted suicide laws in Oregon and Washington require the person's current competency and a prognosis of terminal illness. In The Netherlands voluntariness and unbearable suffering are required for euthanasia. Many people are more concerned about the loss of autonomy and independence in years of severe dementia than about pain and suffering in their last months. To address this concern, people could write advance directives for physician-assisted death in dementia. Should such directives be implemented even though, at the time, the person (...)
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  4.  36
    Advance Directives, Dementia, and Physician-Assisted Death.Paul T. Menzel & Bonnie Steinbock - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (2):484-500.
    Almost all jurisdictions where physician-assisted death is legal require that the requesting individual be competent to make medical decisions at time of assistance. The requirement of contemporary competence is intended to ensure that PAD is limited to people who really want to die and have the cognitive ability to make a final choice of such enormous import. Along with terminal illness, defined as prognosis of death within six months, contemporary competence is regarded as an important safeguard against mistake and abuse, (...)
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  5.  22
    Against Fairness: Stephen T. Asma, 2012, University of Chicago Press.Paul T. Menzel - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (1):95-97.
    The book, Against Fairness, by philosopher Stephen T. Asma is reviewed. Concepts of favoritism and justice are explored.
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  6.  35
    Rescuing Lives Can't We Count?Paul T. Menzel - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (1):22-23.
  7.  33
    Understanding Understanding.Paul T. Sagal - 1974 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):403-410.
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  8.  11
    Advance Directives, Dementia, and Withholding Food and Water by Mouth.Paul T. Menzel & M. Colette Chandler-Cramer - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (3):23-37.
  9. The Cultural Moral Right to a Basic Minimum of Accessible Health Care.Paul T. Menzel - 2011 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21 (1):79-119.
    In the United States, amid the fractious politics of attempting to achieve something close to universal access to basic health care, two impressions are likely to feed skepticism about the status of a right to universal access: the moral principles that underlie any right to universal access may seem incredibly "ideal," not well rooted in the society's actual fabric, and the necessary practical and political attempts to limit the scope of universally accessible care to make its achievement realistic may seem (...)
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  10.  12
    AEDs Are Problematic, but Mrs A is a Misleading Case.Paul T. Menzel - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (2):90-91.
    The case of Mrs A is a provocative example of euthanasia by advance directive to avoid increasingly severe dementia. It is also a ‘perfect storm’ of a disturbing case, revealing both the challenges that can arise with advance euthanasia directives generally and particular issues in the Dutch procedures. Kim, Miller and Dresser have done a distinct service to bioethics in detailing the case, in explaining the basis of the regional euthanasia review committee reprimand of the administering geriatrician and in highlighting (...)
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  11. Channel Surfing in the Visual Brain.Paul T. Sowden & Philippe G. Schyns - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (12):538-545.
  12.  43
    Developing Good Soldiers: The Problem of Fragmentation Within the Army.Paul T. Berghaus & Nathan L. Cartagena - 2013 - Journal of Military Ethics 12 (4):287-303.
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  13.  7
    Understanding Understanding.Paul T. Sagal - 1973 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 34 (1):121-122.
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  14.  11
    Voluntarily Stopping Eating and Drinking: A Normative Comparison with Refusing Lifesaving Treatment and Advance Directives.Paul T. Menzel - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (4):634-646.
    Refusal of lifesaving treatment, and such refusal by advance directive, are widely recognized as ethically and legally permissible. Voluntarily stopping eating and drinking is not. Ethically and legally, how does VSED compare with these two more established ways for patients to control the end of life? Is it more questionable because with VSED the patient intends to cause her death, or because those who assist it with palliative care could be assisting a suicide?In fact the ethical and legal basis for (...)
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  15.  27
    Justice and Fairness: A Critical Element in U.S. Health System Reform.Paul T. Menzel - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (3):582-597.
    The case for U.S. health system reform aimed at achieving wider insurance coverage in the population and disciplining the growth of costs is fundamentally a moral case, grounded in two principles: (1) a principle of social justice, the Just Sharing of the costs of illness, and (2) a related principle of fairness, the Prevention of Free‐Riding. These principles generate an argument for universal access to basic care when applied to two existing facts: the phenomenon of “market failure” in health insurance (...)
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  16.  22
    Justice and Fairness: A Critical Element in U.S. Health System Reform.Paul T. Menzel - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (3):582-597.
    The case for U.S. health system reform aimed at achieving wider insurance coverage in the population and disciplining the growth of costs is fundamentally a moral case, grounded in two principles: a principle of social justice, the Just Sharing of the costs of illness, and a related principle of fairness, the Prevention of Free-Riding. These principles generate an argument for universal access to basic care when applied to two existing facts: the phenomenon of “market failure” in health insurance and, in (...)
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  17.  18
    The Problems of Authority and the Want of Apprenticeship in Soldiers’ Character Development.Paul T. Berghaus - 2016 - Journal of Moral Education 45 (3):324-337.
    Militaries that take a character development approach in their moral education programs but rely heavily on authority figures as subject matter experts to teach soldiers face two serious problems. First, soldiers improperly defer to their instructors and, as a result, do not understand the moral virtues taught in class. Second, instructors are in a poor position to motivate soldiers to develop character through the goal-oriented, measurable and supervised practice of specific virtues. These problems threaten character-based moral education programs because people (...)
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  18.  31
    The Development of a Market for Sustainable Coffee in The Netherlands: Rethinking the Contribution of Fair Trade. [REVIEW]Paul T. M. Ingenbleek & Machiel J. Reinders - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (3):461-474.
    In recent years, researchers have observed the process of mainstreaming Fair Trade and the emergence of alternative sustainability standards in the coffee industry. The underlying market dynamics that have contributed to these developments are, however, under-researched. Insight into these dynamics is important to understand how markets can develop to favor sustainability. This study examines the major developments in the market for certified coffee in the Netherlands. It finds that, in the creation of a market for sustainable coffee, decisions that significantly (...)
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  19. Medical Costs, Moral Choices a Philosophy of Health Care Economics in America.Paul T. Menzel - 1983
  20.  13
    H. T. Mason, "Pierre Bayle and Voltaire". [REVIEW]Paul T. Fuhrmann - 1965 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 3 (1):125.
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  21.  7
    Oregon's Denial.Paul T. Menzel - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (6):21-25.
  22.  12
    A Behavioral Field Approach to Operant Conditioning: Extinction-Induced Sanddigging.Paul T. P. Wong - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (3):203-206.
  23.  41
    The Value of Life at the End of Life: A Critical Assessment of Hope and Other Factors.Paul T. Menzel - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (2):215-223.
    “The thing about life is that one day you’ll be dead.” Indeed. But even total and honest acceptance of this brute fact about our relationship to death does not diminish the value we see in short remaining life at the end of life. Few just “give in” and no more fight for life because death is seen as an inherent part of life. They still invest small amounts of additional life with huge value. How high may that value plausibly be? (...)
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  24.  11
    Extinction Facilitates Acquisition of the Higher Order Operant.Paul T. P. Wong - 1977 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 9 (2):131-134.
  25.  11
    The Concept of Higher Order Operant: A Preliminary Analysis.Paul T. P. Wong - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 5 (1):43-44.
  26.  39
    The Value of Life at the End of Life: A Critical Assessment of Hope and Other Factors.Paul T. Menzel - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (2):215-223.
    Low opportunity cost, weak influence of quality of life in the face of death, the social value of life extension to others, shifting psychological reference points, and hope have been proposed as factors to explain why people apparently perceive marginal life extension at the end of life to have disproportionately greater value than its length. Such value may help to explain why medical spending to extend life at the end of life is as high as it is, and the various (...)
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  27.  1
    Advance Directives for Dementia Can Survive Altered Preferences.Paul T. Menzel - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (8):80-82.
    Volume 20, Issue 8, August 2020, Page 80-82.
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  28.  6
    Oregon's Denial Disabilities and Quality of Life.Paul T. Menzel - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (6):21.
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  29.  24
    Involuntary Sins, Social Psychology, and the Application of Redemption.Paul T. Berghaus & Nathan L. Cartagena - 2015 - Heythrop Journal 56 (4):593-603.
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  30.  1
    A Guide to the Culture of Science, Technology, and Medicine.Paul T. Durbin (ed.) - 1984 - Free Press.
  31.  17
    Complete Lives, Short Lives, and the Challenge of Legitimacy.Paul T. Menzel - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):50 – 52.
  32.  13
    Schleiermacher on Scripture and the Work of Jesus Christ.Paul T. Nimmo - 2015 - Modern Theology 31 (1):60-90.
  33.  76
    Preventing Prisoner Abuse: Leadership Lessons of Abu Ghraib.Paul T. Bartone - 2010 - Ethics and Behavior 20 (2):161 – 173.
    The abuse of prisoners by U.S. soldiers at Abu Ghraib had far-reaching consequences, leading many people around the world to question the legitimacy of U.S. goals and activities in Iraq. Drawing on extensive unclassified reports from multiple investigations that followed Abu Ghraib, this article considers both psychological and social-situational factors that contributed to ethical failures there. This analysis suggests that leaders need to be more attuned to the developmental stage of subordinates and take appropriate steps to reinforce ethical behaviors. From (...)
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  34.  9
    Justice and Fairness: Mandating Universal Participation.Paul T. Menzel - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
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  35.  38
    Short-Term and Long-Term Factors in Extinction and Durable Persistence.Abram Amsel, Paul T. Wong & Kenneth L. Traupmann - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):90.
  36.  2
    Claudia Rozas Gómez, Paul Gibbs and Petra Mikulan on Peter Roberts and Herner Saeverot’s Education and the Limits of Reason: Reading Dostoevsky, Tolstoy and Nabokov, with a Response From the Authors, Roberts, P., & Saeverot, H.Paul Gibbs, Claudia Alejandra Rozas Gomez & Petra Mikulan - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-11.
  37.  27
    Paper Four: Non-Compliance: Fair or Free-Riding. [REVIEW]Paul T. Menzel - 1995 - Health Care Analysis 3 (2):113-115.
  38.  28
    Compliance Disengagement in Research: Development and Validation of a New Measure.James M. DuBois, John T. Chibnall & John Gibbs - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):965-988.
    In the world of research, compliance with research regulations is not the same as ethics, but it is closely related. One could say that compliance is how most societies with advanced research programs operationalize many ethical obligations. This paper reports on the development of the How I Think about Research questionnaire, which is an adaptation of the How I Think questionnaire that examines the use of cognitive distortions to justify antisocial behaviors. Such an adaptation was justified based on a review (...)
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  39.  1
    Pragmatismo y tecnología.Paul T. Durbin - 1995 - Isegoría 12:80.
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  40.  9
    On How Best To Make Sense of Le'sniewski's Ontology.Paul T. Sagal - 1973 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 14 (2):259-262.
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  41. Just Access to Health Care and Pharmaceuticals.Paul T. Menzel - 2010 - In George G. Brenkert & Tom L. Beauchamp (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Business Ethics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  42.  18
    Public Philosophy: Distinction Without Authority.Paul T. Menzel - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (4):411-424.
    An assumed core of normative ethical principles may constitute a philosophically proper framework within which public policy should be formulated, but it seldom provides any substantive solutions. To generate public policy on bioethical issues, participants still need to confront underlying philosophical controversies. Professional philosophers' proper role in that process is to clarify major philosophical options, to press wider-ranging concistency questions, and to bring more parties into the philosophical debate itself by arguing for particular substantive claims. Though questions of fact that (...)
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  43. What is Phenomenology? And Other Essays.Pierre Thévenaz, Paul T. Brockelman, Charles Courtney & James M. Edie - 1962 - Chicago: Quadrangle Books.
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  44. Critical Perspectives on Nonacademic Science and Engineering.Paul T. Durbin - 1991
     
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  45.  65
    A Conservative Case for Universal Access to Health Care.Paul T. Menzel & Donald Light - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (4):36-45.
    Universal access to health care has historically faced strident opposition from political conservatives in the United States, although it has long been accepted by most conservatives in the rest of the industrialized world. Now, in a global economy where American business is crippled by the rising cost of market-based health care, the time may be ripe for change. The key to fostering a new mindset among American conservatives is to show why universal access fulfills many of the basic values that (...)
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  46.  4
    To the Editor.Paul T. Menzel - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (3):7-7.
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  47.  1
    Dictionary of Concepts in the Philosophy of Science.Paul T. Durbin - 1988 - Greenwood Press.
    Durbin, history and philosophy of science scholar and writer, has created a volume that includes about 100 terms from the natural and social sciences. For each term there is an extended definition and discussion of related philosophic issues. Each entry, about three and one-half pages, also provides a bibliography of some six to a dozen sources. A thorough index includes all terms and people discussed in the entries. This is an excellent source for an entree to the scholarly literature on (...)
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  48.  47
    Epistemology of Economics.Paul T. Sagal - 1977 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 8 (1):144-162.
    Summary Methodological disputes in economics have been with us since Mill and Senior fought over the nature of economic science in the first half of the 19th Century. Progress has been extremely slow, and there is good reason for this as the present essay hopes to show.
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  49.  26
    Philosophy, Activism, and Computer and Information Specialists Revisited.Paul T. Durbin - 2010 - AI and Society 25 (1):119-122.
    A number of themes have been on my mind in recent months, and I have made them centerpieces of a number of things I have written lately. In a Ubiquity essay Durbin (ACM Ubiquity 8(45):26, 2007a), I said that I am happy that there are computer professionals who are activists, joining with others to solve the technosocial problems that vex our society, including problems of the computer and information professions. I here moved beyond that to make a new claim about (...)
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  50.  22
    Epiphenomenalism and Metaethical Non-Naturalism.Paul T. Menzel - 1970 - Journal of Value Inquiry 4 (1):43-55.
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