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  1.  42
    Beyond Philanthropy: Community Enterprise as a Basis for Corporate Citizenship.Paul Tracey, Nelson Phillips & Helen Haugh - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 58 (4):327-344.
    In this article we argue that the emergence of a new form of organization – community enterprise – provides an alternative mechanism for corporations to behave in socially responsible ways. Community enterprises are distinguished from other third sector organisations by their generation of income through trading, rather than philanthropy and/or government subsidy, to finance their social goals. They also include democratic governance structures which allow members of the community or constituency they serve to participate in the management of the organisation. (...)
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  2.  17
    Social Investment Through Community Enterprise: The Case of Multinational Corporations Involvement in the Development of Nigerian Water Resources.Emeka Nwankwo, Nelson Phillips & Paul Tracey - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 73 (1):91-101.
    This paper examines the different mechanisms used by multinational corporations (MNCs) in Nigeria seeking to make long-term social investments by meeting the critical challenge of improving water provision. Community enterprise – an increasingly common form of social enterprise, which pursues charitable objectives through business activities – may be the most effective mechanism for building local capacity in a sustainable and accountable way. Traditionally, social investments by MNCs have involved either donations to a charity, which then assumes responsibility for delivering social (...)
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  3.  23
    Towards a Performance Measurement Framework for Community Development Finance Institutions in the UK.Christoph Kneiding & Paul Tracey - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (3):327-345.
    Community Development Finance Institutions (CDFIs) are publicly funded organisations that provide small loans to people in financially underserved areas of the UK. Policy makers have repeatedly sought to understand and measure the performance of CDFIs to ensure the efficient use of public funds, but have struggled to identify an appropriate way of doing so. In this article, we empirically derive a framework that measures the performance of CDFIs through an analysis of their stakeholder relationships. Based on qualitative data from 20 (...)
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