Results for 'Paula Abrams'

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  1.  71
    The Bad Mother: Stigma, Abortion and Surrogacy.Paula Abrams - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (2):179-191.
    Stigma taints individuals with a spoiled identity and loss of status or discrimination. This article is the first to examine the stigma attached to abortion and surrogacy and consider how law may stigmatize women for failing to conform to social expectations about maternal roles. Courts should consider evidence of stigma when evaluating laws regulating abortion or surrogacy to determine whether these laws are based on impermissible gender stereotyping.
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  2.  20
    Frustrative Nonreward in Partial Reinforcement and Discrimination Learning: Some Recent History and a Theoretical Extension.Abram Amsel - 1962 - Psychological Review 69 (4):306-328.
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  3.  73
    Mechanistic Probability.Marshall Abrams - 2012 - Synthese 187 (2):343-375.
    I describe a realist, ontologically objective interpretation of probability, "far-flung frequency (FFF) mechanistic probability". FFF mechanistic probability is defined in terms of facts about the causal structure of devices and certain sets of frequencies in the actual world. Though defined partly in terms of frequencies, FFF mechanistic probability avoids many drawbacks of well-known frequency theories and helps causally explain stable frequencies, which will usually be close to the values of mechanistic probabilities. I also argue that it's a virtue rather than (...)
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  4.  22
    Whose Harm? Which Metaphysic?Abram Brummett - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (1):43-61.
    Douglas Diekema has argued that it is not the best interest standard, but the harm principle that serves as the moral basis for ethicists, clinicians, and the courts to trigger state intervention to limit parental authority in the clinic. Diekema claims the harm principle is especially effective in justifying state intervention in cases of religiously motivated medical neglect in pediatrics involving Jehovah’s Witnesses and Christian Scientists. I argue that Diekema has not articulated a harm principle that is capable of justifying (...)
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  5.  11
    Secular Clinical Ethicists Should Not Be Neutral Toward All Religious Beliefs: An Argument for a Moral-Metaphysical Proceduralism.Abram L. Brummett - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (6):5-16.
    Secular clinical ethics has responded to the problem of moral pluralism with a procedural approach. However, defining this term stirs debate: H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr. has championed a contentless proceduralism, while others, conversely, argue for a proceduralism that permits some content in the form of moral claims. This paper argues that the content P2 permits ought to be expanded to include some metaphysical commitments, in an approach referred to as P2+. The need for P2+ is demonstrated by analyzing and rejecting (...)
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  6.  21
    Can Church’s Thesis Be Viewed as a Carnapian Explication?Paula Quinon - 2019 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 5):1047-1074.
    Turing and Church formulated two different formal accounts of computability that turned out to be extensionally equivalent. Since the accounts refer to different properties they cannot both be adequate conceptual analyses of the concept of computability. This insight has led to a discussion concerning which account is adequate. Some authors have suggested that this philosophical debate—which shows few signs of converging on one view—can be circumvented by regarding Church’s and Turing’s theses as explications. This move opens up the possibility that (...)
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  7.  15
    Taxonomizing Views of Clinical Ethics Expertise.Erica K. Salter & Abram Brummett - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (11):50-61.
    Our aim in this article is to bring some clarity to the clinical ethics expertise debate by critiquing and replacing the taxonomy offered by the Core Competencies report. The orienting question for our taxonomy is: Can clinical ethicists offer justified, normative recommendations for active patient cases? Views that answer “no” are characterized as a “negative” view of clinical ethics expertise and are further differentiated based on why they think ethicists cannot give justified normative recommendations and what they think ethicists can (...)
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  8. Why Sufficiency is Not Enough.Paula Casal - 2007 - Ethics 117 (2):296-326.
  9.  18
    Optimality in Human Motor Performance: Ideal Control of Rapid Aimed Movements.David E. Meyer, Richard A. Abrams, Sylvan Kornblum & Charles E. Wright - 1988 - Psychological Review 95 (3):340-370.
  10.  40
    Motivational Properties of Frustration: I. Effect on a Running Response of the Addition of Frustration to the Motivational Complex.Abram Amsel & Jacqueline Roussel - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (5):363.
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  11.  38
    Short-Term and Long-Term Factors in Extinction and Durable Persistence.Abram Amsel, Paul T. Wong & Kenneth L. Traupmann - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):90.
  12.  2
    The Gender Revolution: Uneven and Stalled.Paula England - 2010 - Gender and Society 24 (2):149-166.
    In this article, the author describes sweeping changes in the gender system and offers explanations for why change has been uneven. Because the devaluation of activities done by women has changed little, women have had strong incentive to enter male jobs, but men have had little incentive to take on female activities or jobs. The gender egalitarianism that gained traction was the notion that women should have access to upward mobility and to all areas of schooling and jobs. But persistent (...)
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  13.  24
    Selective Association and the Anticipatory Goal Response Mechanism as Explanatory Concepts in Learning Theory.Abram Amsel - 1949 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 39 (6):785.
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  14.  11
    The Virtue of Aristotle's Ethics.Paula Gottlieb - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    While Aristotle's account of the happy life continues to receive attention, many of his claims about virtue of character seem so puzzling that modern philosophers have often discarded them, or have reworked them to fit more familiar theories that do not make virtue of character central. In this book, Paula Gottlieb takes a fresh look at Aristotle's claims, particularly the much-maligned doctrine of the mean. She shows how they form a thought-provoking ethic of virtue, one that deserves to be (...)
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  15.  10
    The Quasi-Religious Nature of Clinical Ethics Consultation.Abram Brummett - 2020 - HEC Forum 32 (3):199-209.
    What is the proper role of a clinical ethics consultant’s religious beliefs in forming recommendations for clinical ethics consultation? Where Janet Malek has argued that religious belief should have no influence on the formation of a CEC’s recommendations, Clint Parker has argued a CEC should freely appeal to all their background beliefs, including religious beliefs, in formulating their recommendations. In this paper, I critique both their views by arguing the position envisioned by Malek puts the CEC too far from religion (...)
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  16.  7
    Two Troubling Trends in the Conversation Over Whether Clinical Ethics Consultants Have Ethics Expertise.Abram Brummett & Christopher J. Ostertag - 2018 - HEC Forum 30 (2):157-169.
    In a recent issue of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, several scholars wrote on the topic of ethics expertise in clinical ethics consultation. The articles in this issue exemplified what we consider to be two troubling trends in the quest to articulate a unique expertise for clinical ethicists. The first trend, exemplified in the work of Lisa Rasmussen, is an attempt to define a role for clinical ethicists that denies they have ethics expertise. Rasmussen cites the dependence of ethical (...)
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  17.  7
    Self-Esteem and Happiness as Predictors of School Teachers’ Health: The Mediating Role of Job Satisfaction.Paula Benevene, Maya M. Ittan & Michela Cortini - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  18.  6
    A Cross-National Comparison on Subjective Well-Being of Kindergarten Teachers: Hong Kong and Italy.Paula Benevene, Yau Ho Paul Wong, Caterina Fiorilli & Simona De Stasio - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  19.  88
    The Simulation of Smiles (SIMS) Model: Embodied Simulation and the Meaning of Facial Expression.Paula M. Niedenthal, Martial Mermillod, Marcus Maringer & Ursula Hess - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (6):417.
    Recent application of theories of embodied or grounded cognition to the recognition and interpretation of facial expression of emotion has led to an explosion of research in psychology and the neurosciences. However, despite the accelerating number of reported findings, it remains unclear how the many component processes of emotion and their neural mechanisms actually support embodied simulation. Equally unclear is what triggers the use of embodied simulation versus perceptual or conceptual strategies in determining meaning. The present article integrates behavioral research (...)
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  20.  10
    Reaching Across The ‘Deepest Divide’: Moral Acquaintanceship, Religion, And Bioethics.Abram Brummett - 2020 - Heythrop Journal 61 (4):677-688.
  21. The Traumatic Neuroses of War.Abram Kardiner - 1942 - Science and Society 6 (1):82-84.
     
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  22.  3
    Putting the Asymmetry Debate in Its Place.Abram L. Brummett - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (8):68-69.
    The target article by Kyle Fritz draws attention to the asymmetry debate, an under-analyzed issue within the broader debate over the proper role of physician conscience in healthcare. The as...
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  23.  46
    Unconscious Semantic Priming in the Absence of Partial Awareness☆.Richard L. Abrams & Jessica Grinspan - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):942-953.
    In a recent paper in Psychological Science, Kouider and Dupoux reported obtaining unconscious Stroop priming only when subjects had partial awareness of the masked distractor words . Kouider and Dupoux conjectured that semantic priming occurs only when such partial awareness is present. The present experiments tested this conjecture in an affective categorization priming task that differed from Kouider and Dupoux’s in using masked distractors that subjects had practiced earlier as visible words. Experiment 1 showed priming from practiced words when subjects (...)
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  24.  15
    Ethical Leadership as Antecedent of Job Satisfaction, Affective Organizational Commitment and Intention to Stay Among Volunteers of Non-Profit Organizations.Paula Benevene, Laura Dal Corso, Alessandro De Carlo, Alessandra Falco, Francesca Carluccio & Maria Luisa Vecina - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  25.  14
    When Conscientious Objection Runs Amok: A Physician Refusing HIV Preventative to a Bisexual Patient.Abram Brummett - forthcoming - Sage Publications: Clinical Ethics.
    Clinical Ethics, Ahead of Print. This paper reports of a case where a physician conscientiously objected to prescribing PrEP to a bisexual patient so as not to “enable immoral sexual behavior.” The case represents an instance of conscience creep, a phenomenon whereby clinicians invoke conscientious objection in sometimes objectionable ways that extend beyond the traditional contexts of abortion, sterilization, or physician aid in dying. This essay uses a reasonability view of conscientious objection to argue that the above case represents a (...)
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  26.  57
    Forgiveness and Moral Development.Paula Satne - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (4):1029-1055.
    Forgiveness is clearly an important aspect of our moral lives, yet surprisingly Kant, one of the most important authors in the history of Western ethics, seems to have very little to say about it. Some authors explain this omission by noting that forgiveness sits uncomfortably in Kant’s moral thought: forgiveness seems to have an ineluctably ‘elective’ aspect which makes it to a certain extent arbitrary; thus it stands in tension with Kant’s claim that agents are autonomous beings, capable of determining (...)
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  27.  66
    A Nursing Manifesto: An Emancipatory Call for Knowledge Development, Conscience, and Praxis.Paula N. Kagan, Marlaine C. Smith, I. I. I. Cowling & Peggy L. Chinn - 2010 - Nursing Philosophy 11 (1):67-84.
    The purpose of this paper is to present the theoretical and philosophical assumptions of the Nursing Manifesto , written by three activist scholars whose objective was to promote emancipatory nursing research, practice, and education within the dialogue and praxis of social justice. Inspired by discussions with a number of nurse philosophers at the 2008 Knowledge Conference in Boston, two of the original Manifesto authors and two colleagues discussed the need to explicate emancipatory knowing as it emerged from the Manifesto . (...)
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  28.  28
    A Nursing Manifesto: An Emancipatory Call for Knowledge Development, Conscience, and Praxis.Paula N. Kagan, Marlaine C. Smith, W. Richard Cowling Iii & Peggy L. Chinn - 2010 - Nursing Philosophy 11 (1):67-84.
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  29.  39
    Aesthetics of Self-Fashioning.Jerold J. Abrams - forthcoming - Philosophy Today.
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  30.  44
    Nostalgia Reconsidered.Paula Sweeney - 2020 - Ratio 33 (3):184-190.
  31.  63
    When Did Her Smile Drop? Facial Mimicry and the Influences of Emotional State on the Detection of Change in Emotional Expression.Paula M. Niedenthal, Markus Brauer, Jamin B. Halberstadt & Åse H. Innes-Ker - 2001 - Cognition and Emotion 15 (6):853-864.
  32.  7
    Neuroethics and the Naturalistic Fallacy.Abram L. Brummett - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (3):124-126.
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  33.  32
    Packaging Ethics: Perceptual Differences Among Packaging Professionals, Brand Managers and Ethically-Interested Consumers. [REVIEW]Paula Fitzgerald Bone & Robert J. Corey - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 24 (3):199 - 213.
    In this article, we explore ethical perceptions of three product packaging issues as viewed by packaging professionals, brand managers, and ethically-interested consumers. We examine, differences between business practitioners and consumers with respect to ethical sensitivity, perceived consequences of business practices, and perceived industry norms. Additionally, we explore the prevalence of two types of values, pragmatic and moral, to determine if the use of these value-types differs among the three groups. We find that business practitioners exhibit less ethical sensitivity. Businesspeople also (...)
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  34.  10
    Remembering with and Without Awareness in a Depressed Mood: Evidence of Deficits in Initiative.Paula T. Hertel & Tammy S. Hardin - 1990 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 119 (1):45-59.
  35.  3
    Credentialing Ethics Expertise.Abram L. Brummett - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (3):50-52.
    Volume 20, Issue 3, March 2020, Page 50-52.
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  36.  76
    Future Contingents, Indeterminacy and Context.Paula Sweeney - 2015 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (2):408-422.
    In Facing the Future, Belnap et al. reject bivalence and propose double time reference semantics to give a pragmatic response to the following assertion problem: how can we make sense of assertions about future events made at a time when the outcomes of those events are not yet determined? John MacFarlane employs the same semantics, now bolstered with a relative-truth predicate, to accommodate the following apparently conflicting intuitions regarding the truth-value of an uttered future contingent: at the moment of utterance, (...)
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  37.  23
    Treating Sensitive Topics Online: A Privacy Dilemma.Paula Helm - 2018 - Ethics and Information Technology 20 (4):303-313.
    This paper aims to provide new insights to debates on group privacy, which can be seen as part of a social turn in privacy scholarship. Research is increasingly showing that the classic individualistic understanding of privacy is insufficient to capture new problems in algorithmic and online contexts. An understanding of privacy as an “interpersonal boundary-control process” framing privacy as a social practice necessary to sustain intimate relationships is gaining ground. In this debate, my research is focused on what I refer (...)
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  38.  42
    Minds and Machines Special Issue: Ethics and Artificial Intelligence.Paula Boddington, Peter Millican & Michael Wooldridge - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (4):569-574.
  39.  5
    Depressive Deficits in Memory: Focusing Attention Improves Subsequent Recall.Paula T. Hertel & Stephanie S. Rude - 1991 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 120 (3):301-309.
  40. Global Taxes on Natural Resources.Paula Casal - 2011 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (3):307-327.
    Thomas Pogge's Global Resources Dividend relies on a flat tax on the use of natural resources to fund the eradication of world poverty. Hillel Steiner's Global Fund taxes the full rental value of owned natural resources and distributes the proceeds equally. The paper compares the Dividend and the Fund and defends the Global Share, a novel proposal that taxes either use or ownership, does so (when possible) progressively, and distributes the revenue according to a prioritarian rather than a sufficientarian or (...)
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  41.  33
    Not a Knot.Paula Teijeiro - 2020 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):14-24.
    Thought: A Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  42.  33
    [Book Review] When and Where I Enter, the Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America. [REVIEW]Paula Giddings - 1989 - Feminist Studies 15:573-590.
  43.  62
    Exploring a Model Role Description for Ethicists.Paula Chidwick, Jennifer Bell, Eoin Connolly, Michael D. Coughlin, Andrea Frolic, Laurie Hardingham & Randi Zlotnik Shaul - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (1):31-40.
    This paper provides a description of the role of the clinical ethicist as it is generally experienced in Canada. It examines the activities of Canadian ethicists working in healthcare institutions and the way in which their work incorporates more than ethics case consultation. The Canadian Bioethics Society established a “Taskforce on Working Conditions for Bioethics” (hereafter referred to as the Taskforce), to make recommendations on a number of issues affecting ethicists and to develop a model role description. This essay carefully (...)
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  44.  16
    An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science.Abram Cornelius Benjamin - 1937 - New York: the Macmillan Company.
  45.  62
    Caging the Beast: A Theory of Sensory Consciousness.Paula Droege - 2003 - John Benjamins.
    A major obstacle for materialist theories of the mind is the problem of sensory consciousness. How could a physical brain produce conscious sensory states that exhibit the rich and luxurious qualities of red velvet, a Mozart concerto or fresh-brewed coffee? Caging the Beast: A Theory of Sensory Consciousness offers to explain what these conscious sensory states have in common, by virtue of being conscious as opposed to unconscious states. After arguing against accounts of consciousness in terms of higher-order representation of (...)
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  46.  11
    Cognitive Structuralism: Explaining the Regularity of the Natural Numbers Progression.Paula Quinon - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-23.
    According to one of the most powerful paradigms explaining the meaning of the concept of natural number, natural numbers get a large part of their conceptual content from core cognitive abilities. Carey’s bootstrapping provides a model of the role of core cognition in the creation of mature mathematical concepts. In this paper, I conduct conceptual analyses of various theories within this paradigm, concluding that the theories based on the ability to subitize, or on the ability to approximate quantities, or both, (...)
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  47.  9
    Conscience Claims, Metaphysics, and Avoiding an LGBT Eugenic.Abram Brummett - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (5):272-280.
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  48.  6
    The Heart's Eye: Emotional Influences in Perception and Attention.Paula M. Niedenthal & S. Kitayama (eds.) - 1994 - Academic Press.
    Discusses conceptual models and research findings into how affect influences non-conscious processing. Divided into two sections, the book discusses affect and perception, and affect and attention.
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  49. Active and Passive Euthanasia.Natalie Abrams - 1978 - Philosophy 53 (204):257 - 263.
    This paper is divided into three sections. The first presents some examples of the killing/letting die distinction. The second draws a further distinction between what I call negative and positive cases of acting or refraining. Here I argue that the moral significance of the acting/refraining distinction is different for positive and for negative cases. In the third section I apply the above distinction to euthanasia, and argue that mercy killing should be regarded as analogous to positive rather than negative cases. (...)
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  50.  70
    Religious Imagination and the Body: A Feminist Analysis.Paula M. Cooey - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    In recent years feminist scholarship has increasingly focused on the importance of the body and its representations in virtually every social, cultural, and intellectual context. Many have argued that because women are more closely identified with their bodies, they have access to privileged and different kinds of knowledge than men. In this landmark new book, Paula Cooey offers a different perspective on the significance of the body in the context of religious life and practice. Building on the pathbreaking work (...)
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