35 found
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  1.  24
    Ethical implications of the use of whole genome methods in medical research.Jane Kaye, Paula Boddington, Jantina de Vries, Naomi Hawkins & Karen Melham - unknown
    The use of genome-wide association studies in medical research and the increased ability to share data give a new twist to some of the perennial ethical issues associated with genomic research. GWAS create particular challenges because they produce fine, detailed, genotype information at high resolution, and the results of more focused studies can potentially be used to determine genetic variation for a wide range of conditions and traits. The information from a GWA scan is derived from DNA that is a (...)
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  2.  17
    Using Signs and Symbols to Label Hospital Patients with a Dementia Diagnosis: Help or Hindrance to Care?Katie Featherstone, Paula Boddington & Andy Northcott - 2020 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 10 (1):49-61.
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  3. Organ donation after death — should I decide, or should my family?Paula Boddington - 1998 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (1):69–81.
    Who should decide about organ donation after death, the individual or the family? This paper examines why this practical question can be difficult to resolve. A comparison is made between standard decision‐making in medicine and decision‐making about organ donation. The questions are raised of the connection of the dead body to the person, and of who properly has autonomous control over the dead body. To understand the issues, an exploration of autonomy is needed, but at the same time this shows (...)
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  4.  26
    The canary in the coal mine: Continence care for people with dementia in acute hospital wards as a crisis of dehumanization.Paula Boddington & Katie Featherstone - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (4):251-260.
    Continence is a key moment of care that can tell us about the wider care of people living with dementia within acute hospital wards. The spotlight is currently on the quality of hospital care of older people across the UK, yet concerns persist about their poor treatment, neglect, abuse, and discrimination within this setting. Thus, within hospitals, the care of people living with dementia is both a welfare issue and a human rights issue. The challenge of continence care for people (...)
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  5.  34
    The Limits of Medical Paternalism.Paula Boddington & Heta Hayry - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (171):263.
    The Limits of Medical Paternalism defines and morally assesses paternalistic interventions, especially in the context of modern medicine and health care, particular emphasis is given to the analysis of the conceptual background of the paternalism issue. In this book an anti-paternalistic view is presented and defended.
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  6.  72
    Minds and Machines Special Issue: Ethics and Artificial Intelligence.Paula Boddington, Peter Millican & Michael Wooldridge - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (4):569-574.
  7.  51
    The causation of disease - the practical and ethical consequences of competing explanations.Ulla Räisänen, Marie-Jet Bekkers, Paula Boddington, Srikant Sarangi & Angus Clarke - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (3):293-306.
    The prevention, treatment and management of disease are closely linked to how the causes of a particular disease are explained. For multi-factorial conditions, the causal explanations are inevitably complex and competing models may exist to explain the same condition. Selecting one particular causal explanation over another will carry practical and ethical consequences that are acutely relevant for health policy. In this paper our focus is two-fold; the different models of causal explanation that are put forward within current scientific literature for (...)
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  8.  7
    Using Signs and Symbols to Label Hospital Patients with a Dementia Diagnosis: Help or Hindrance to Care?Katie Featherstone, Paula Boddington & Andy Northcott - forthcoming - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics.
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  9.  11
    Personhood as projection: the value of multiple conceptions of personhood for understanding the dehumanisation of people living with dementia.Paula Boddington, Andy Northcott & Katie Featherstone - 2024 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 27 (1):93-106.
    We examine the concept of personhood in relation to people living with dementia and implications for the humanity of care, drawing on a body of ethnographic work. Much debate has searched for an adequate account of the person for these purposes. Broad contrasts can be made between accounts focusing on cognition and mental faculties, and accounts focusing on embodied and relational aspects of the person. Some have suggested the concept of the person is critical for good care; others suggest the (...)
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  10.  20
    Encoding Ethics to Compute Value-Aligned Norms.Marc Serramia, Manel Rodriguez-Soto, Maite Lopez-Sanchez, Juan A. Rodriguez-Aguilar, Filippo Bistaffa, Paula Boddington, Michael Wooldridge & Carlos Ansotegui - 2023 - Minds and Machines 33 (4):761-790.
    Norms have been widely enacted in human and agent societies to regulate individuals’ actions. However, although legislators may have ethics in mind when establishing norms, moral values are only sometimes explicitly considered. This paper advances the state of the art by providing a method for selecting the norms to enact within a society that best aligns with the moral values of such a society. Our approach to aligning norms and values is grounded in the ethics literature. Specifically, from the literature’s (...)
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  11.  32
    Dietary Choices, Health, and Freedom: Hidden Fats, Hidden Choices, Hidden Constraints.Paula Boddington - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (3):43-44.
  12.  39
    Heart disease and social inequality: Ethical issues in the aetiology, prevention and treatment of heart disease.Paula Boddington - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (2):123-130.
    Heart disease is a complex condition that is a leading cause of death worldwide. It is often seen as a disease of affluence, yet is strongly associated with a gradient in socio-economic status. Its highly complex causality means that many different facets of social and economic life are implicated in its aetiology, including factors such as workplace hierarchy and agricultural policy, together with other well-known factors such as what passes for individual 'lifestyle'. The very untangling of causes for heart disease (...)
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  13.  34
    Measuring quality of life in theory and in practice: A dialogue between philosophical and psychological approaches.Paula Boddington & Tessa Podpadec - 1992 - Bioethics 6 (3):201–217.
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  14.  52
    The Ethics of AI and The Moral Responsibility of Philosophers.Paula Boddington - 2020 - The Philosophers' Magazine 89:62-68.
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  15. A Letter from Australia.Paula Boddington - 1993 - Women in Philosophy Newsletter 9:9-11.
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  16.  25
    Against Liberation: Putting Animals in Perspective.Paula Boddington - 1992 - Philosophical Books 33 (3):176-178.
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  17.  34
    Bioethics and social reality – edited by Matti häyry, Tuija Takala and Peter herrisone-Kelly.Paula Boddington - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (6):351–352.
  18.  17
    Ethics.Paula Boddington - 1995 - Philosophical Books 36 (3):201-203.
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  19.  24
    Irrationality: An Essay on Akrasia, Self‐Deception, and Self‐Control.Paula Boddington - 1988 - Philosophical Books 29 (3):157-158.
  20.  13
    Moral Freedom.Paula Boddington - 1990 - Philosophical Books 31 (2):109-110.
  21.  3
    Moral technology.Paula Boddington - unknown
    Self-driving cars don’t drink and medical AIs are never overtired. Given our obvious flaws, what can humans still do best?
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  22.  8
    Neuroethics and the Critical Appraisal of Our Moral Intuitions: A New Kid on an Old Block.Paula Boddington - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 2 (2):13-15.
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  23.  14
    Organ donation and ethics — could Australia accept the Spanish model of organ donation?Paula Boddington - 1996 - Monash Bioethics Review 15 (2):33-43.
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  24.  22
    Opting-In or Opting-Out: What Is the Best Way to Obtain Organs for Transplantation?Paula Boddington - 1992 - Cogito 6 (3):130-135.
  25.  10
    Repeating History: Use and Abuse of Research Findings and the Misrepresentation of Responsibility for Health Conditions.Paula Boddington - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):57-58.
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  26. Reply to Anstotz: What we can learn from people with learning difficulties.Paula Boddington & Tessa Podpadec - 1992 - Bioethics 6 (4):361-364.
     
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  27.  18
    Rethinking the problems of adherence to medications.Paula Boddington - 2015 - Clinical Ethics 10 (4):91-96.
    Poor adherence to medication is a persistent problem in the practice of medicine, which gives rise to problems for individual patients, for the healthcare system as a whole, and in some cases, for third parties and for public health. There has been some progress in understanding the causes and solutions but much more work needs to be done. To develop the ethical responses to adherence, the problems need to be analysed more precisely. It is argued that, given that one pressing (...)
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  28.  14
    The Philosophy of Action: An Introduction.Paula Boddington - 1991 - Philosophical Books 32 (2):112-113.
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  29.  12
    The Status of Morality.Paula Boddington - 1986 - Philosophical Books 27 (2):115-116.
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  30.  45
    Who are the Mentally Handicapped?Paula Boddington & Tessa Podpadec - 1991 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 8 (2):177-190.
    ABSTRACT In this paper we compare philosophical and contemporary psychological approaches to mental handicap. Careful comparison between the disciplines reveals major differences and indicates that much further work is needed which would be fruitful for both sides. The two disciplines concentrate on different questions: philosophy tends to look chiefly at mental handicap in relation to issues of personhood and is not very clear about what mental handicap is; psychology on the other hand is much more specific about mental handicap, but (...)
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  31.  25
    Trouble with biocitizenship : duties responsibility, identity.Alexandra Plows & Paula Boddington - 2006 - Genomics, Society and Policy 2 (3):115-135.
    Genetic and other biotechnologies are starting to impact significantly upon society and individuals within it. Rose and Novas draw on an analysis of many patient groups to sketch out the broad notion of biocitizenship as a device for describing how the empowered and informed individual, group or network can engage with bioscience. In this paper, we examine critically the notion of biocitizenship, drawing on both sociological fieldwork that grounds the debate in the views of a large and varied group of (...)
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  32.  16
    Commentary on Bringsjord on P = NP.Michael Wooldridge, Peter Millican & Paula Boddington - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (4):673-678.
  33.  14
    Communicating genetic information in the family: enriching the debate through the notion of integrity. [REVIEW]Paula Boddington & Maggie Gregory - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (4):445-454.
    Genetic information about one individual often has medical and reproductive implications for that individual’s relatives. There is a debate about whether policy on transmitting genetic information within the family should change to reflect this shared aspect of genetic information. Even if laws on medical confidentiality remain unchanged, there still remains the question of professional practice and whether, to what extent and by what means professionals should encourage disclosure within a family. The debate so far has tended to focus on who (...)
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  34.  18
    ‘Life and Death’ at the Open University. [REVIEW]Paula Boddington - 1989 - Cogito 3 (1):67-69.
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  35.  44
    Working up policy : the use of specific disease exemplars in formulating general principles governing childhood genetic testing. [REVIEW]Paula Boddington & Susan Hogben - 2006 - Health Care Analysis 14 (1):1-13.
    Non-therapeutic genetic testing in childhood presents a “myriad of ethical questions”; questions which are discussed and resolved in professional policy and position statements. In this paper we consider an underdiscussed but strongly influential feature of policy-making, the role of selective case and exemplar in the production of general recommendations. Our analysis, in the tradition of rhetoric and argumentation, examines the predominate use of three particular disease exemplar to argue for or against particular genetic tests. We discuss the influence these choices (...)
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