Results for 'Pavel Tich��'

764 found
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  1. Profesor Pavel Materna slaví životní jubileum.Pavel Materna & Rotislav Niederle - 2005 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 12 (2):176-192.
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  2.  3
    Pavel Materna vzpomíná na Luboše Nového.Pavel Materna - 2017 - Studia Philosophica 64 (1):79-80.
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  3.  68
    The Foundations of Frege’s Logic.Pavel Tichý - 1988 - Berlin and New York: De Gruyter.
    Chapter One: Constructions. Entities, constructions, and functions When one travels from Los Angeles to New York, going, say, by way of St. Louis, Chicago, ...
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  4. On Popper's Definitions of Verisimilitude.Pavel Tichý - 1974 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 25 (2):155-160.
    2 Popper's Logical Definition of Verisimilitude. 3 Popper's Probabilistic Definition of Verisimilitude. 4 Conclusion.
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  5.  73
    Aristotle on the Common Sense.Pavel Gregoric - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    I. The framework. 1, Aristotle's project and methods. 2, The perceptual capacity of the soul. 3, The sensory apparatus. 4, The common sense and the related capacities -- II. The terminology. 1, Overlooked occurrences of the phrase 'common sense'. 2, De anima III.1 425a27. 3, De partibus animalium IV.10 686a31. 4, De memoria et reminiscentia 1 450a10. 5, De anima III.7 431b5. 6, Conclusions on the terminology -- III. Functions of the common sense. 1, Simultaneous perception and cross-modal binding. 2, (...)
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  6.  6
    Pharmacological Neuroenhancement in the Field of Economics—Poll Results From an Online Survey.Pavel Dietz, Michael Soyka & Andreas G. Franke - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  7.  1
    Pavel Florensky’s Theory of Religious Antinomies.Paweł Rojek - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (4):515-540.
    Pavel Florensky, a Russian theologian, philosopher, and mathematician, argued that the religious discourse is essentially contradictory and put forward the idea of the logical theory of antinomies. Recently his views raised interesting discussions among logicians who consider him a forerunner of many non-classical logics. In this paper I discuss four interpretations of Florensky’s views: paraconsistent, L-contradictory, non-monotonic and rhetorical. In conclusion I argue for the integral interpretation which unites these four approaches.
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  8.  19
    A Multiple‐Channel Model of Task‐Dependent Ambiguity Resolution in Sentence Comprehension.Pavel Logačev & Shravan Vasishth - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (2):266-298.
    Traxler, Pickering, and Clifton found that ambiguous sentences are read faster than their unambiguous counterparts. This so-called ambiguity advantage has presented a major challenge to classical theories of human sentence comprehension because its most prominent explanation, in the form of the unrestricted race model, assumes that parsing is non-deterministic. Recently, Swets, Desmet, Clifton, and Ferreira have challenged the URM. They argue that readers strategically underspecify the representation of ambiguous sentences to save time, unless disambiguation is required by task demands. When (...)
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  9. Verisimilitude Redefined.Pavel Tichý - 1976 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 27 (1):25-42.
    Of two false theories, One can be, Intuitively, Closer to the truth than the other. The purpose of the article is to propose a rigorous explication of this intuitive notion.
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  10.  26
    Cuts, Consistency Statements and Interpretations.Pavel Pudlák - 1985 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 50 (2):423-441.
  11. Historical progress and involution of ideals / Исторический прогресс и инволюция идеалов.Pavel Simashenkov - 2017
    My book is about the human creativity being a source of progress, and cycling of evolution caused by platitude and triviality of once high-reaching idealism. In essence the book presents an original perception of human history, based on Christian values as vital coordinates system. I hope this book will revive the interest to the Russian school of thoughts and to humanism in general.
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  12. Kripke on Necessity a Posteriori.Pavel Tichý - 1983 - Philosophical Studies 43 (2):225 - 241.
  13.  78
    Verisimilitude Revisited.Pavel Tichý - 1978 - Synthese 38 (2):175 - 196.
    The article offers a rigorous explication of the intuitive notion of verisimilitude, I.E., Of the distance of a theory from the truth. The proposal is defended against charges of material inadequacy made by popper, Niniluoto, And miller.
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  14. Concepts and Objects.Pavel Materna - 1998 - Philosophical Society of Finland.
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  15. Aristotle’s Model of Animal Motion.Pavel Gregoric & Klaus Corcilius - 2013 - Phronesis 58 (1):52-97.
    In this paper we argue that Aristotle operates with a particular theoretical model in his explanation of animal locomotion, what we call the ‘centralized incoming and outgoing motions’ model. We show how the model accommodates more complex cases of animal motion and how it allows Aristotle to preserve the intuition that animals are self-movers, without jeopardizing his arguments for the eternity of motion and the necessary existence of one eternal unmoved mover in Physics VIII. The CIOM model helps to elucidate (...)
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  16.  97
    A Counterexample to the Stalnaker-Lewis Analysis of Counterfactuals.Pavel Tichý - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 29 (4):271 - 273.
  17.  50
    An Approach to Intensional Analysis.Pavel Tichý - 1971 - Noûs 5 (3):273-297.
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  18.  15
    Making History Philosophical: Kant, Maimon, and the Evolution of the Historiography of Philosophy in the Critical Period.Pavel Reichl - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 28 (3):463-482.
    In this article I explore Maimon’s role in the evolution of Kant’s understanding of the function of the history of philosophy in philosophical enquiry. Kant is often viewed as holding an ambivalent...
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  19.  60
    Questions, Answers, and Logic.Pavel Tichy - 1978 - American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (4):275 - 284.
  20.  98
    Divine Openness for Physical Relationship.Pavel Butakov - 2021 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 69 (3):141-161.
    The success of the atheistic hiddenness argument depends on the “consciousness constraint” it imposes on the divine-human loving relationship: namely, that this relationship requires human conscious awareness of being in the relationship with God. I challenge the truth of this proposition by introducing the concept of a physical relationship with God that is not subject to this constraint. I argue, first, that a physical relationship with God is metaphysically possible; second, that its plausibility is supported by natural theology; and third, (...)
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  21. Lower Bounds for Resolution and Cutting Plane Proofs and Monotone Computations.Pavel Pudlák - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (3):981-998.
    We prove an exponential lower bound on the length of cutting plane proofs. The proof uses an extension of a lower bound for monotone circuits to circuits which compute with real numbers and use nondecreasing functions as gates. The latter result is of independent interest, since, in particular, it implies an exponential lower bound for some arithmetic circuits.
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  22. Aristotle's Notion of Experience.Pavel Gregorić & Filip Grgić - 2006 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 88 (1):1-30.
    Aristotle's notion of experience plays an important role in his epistemology as the link between perception and memory on the one side, and higher cognitive capacities on the other side. However, Aristotle does not say much about it, and what he does say seems inconsistent. Notably, some passages suggest that it is a non-rational capacity, others that it is a rational capacity and that it provides the principles of science. This paper presents a unitary account of experience. It explains how (...)
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  23.  20
    A Lower Bound for Intuitionistic Logic.Pavel Hrubeš - 2007 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 146 (1):72-90.
    We give an exponential lower bound on the number of proof-lines in intuitionistic propositional logic, IL, axiomatised in the usual Frege-style fashion; i.e., we give an example of IL-tautologies A1,A2,… s.t. every IL-proof of Ai must have a number of proof-lines exponential in terms of the size of Ai. We show that the results do not apply to the system of classical logic and we obtain an exponential speed-up between classical and intuitionistic logic.
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  24. Power, Manipulation and Control in a Community of Inquiry.Pavel Lushyn & David Kennedy - 2003 - Analytic Teaching and Philosophical Praxis 23 (2):103-110.
     
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  25.  59
    Constructions.Pavel Tichy - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (4):514-534.
    The paper deals with the semantics of mathematical notation. In arithmetic, for example, the syntactic shape of a formula represents a particular way of specifying, arriving at, or constructing an arithmetical object (that is, a number, a function, or a truth value). A general definition of this sense of "construction" is proposed and compared with related notions, in particular with Frege's concept of "function" and Carnap's concept of "intensional isomorphism." It is argued that constructions constitute the proper subject matter of (...)
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  26.  20
    Governance of Eco-Labels: Expert Opinion and Media Coverage.Pavel Castka & Charles J. Corbett - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 135 (2):309-326.
    “Eco-labels” are an increasingly important form of private regulation for sustainability in areas such as carbon emissions, water consumption, ethical sourcing, or organic produce. The growing interest and popularity of eco-labels has also been coupled with growing concerns about their credibility, in part because the standard-setting and conformity assessment practices that eco-labels adopt exhibit striking differences. In this paper, we assess which assurance practices contribute to eco-labels being perceived as better governed, in the eyes of experts as well as the (...)
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  27. O Cem Mluvíme? Vybrané Stati K Logice a Sémantice.Pavel Tichý & Jaroslav Peregrin - 1996
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  28.  69
    A New Theory of Subjunctive Conditionals.Pavel Tichý - 1978 - Synthese 37 (3):433 - 457.
    The article offers a rigorous truth condition for subjunctively conditional statements. The theory is framed in the system of transparent intensional logic and takes connections (especially the cause-Effect relation) as basic. Counterexamples are given to rival theories based on the notion of world similarity.
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  29.  45
    Indiscernibility of Identicals.Pavel Tichý - 1986 - Studia Logica 45 (3):251 - 273.
    It is well known that the manner in which a definitely descriptive term contributes to the meaning of a sentence depends on the place the term occupies in the sentence. A distinction is accordingly drawn between ordinary contexts and contexts variously termed non-referential, intensional, oblique, or opaque. The aim of the present article is to offer a general account of the phenomenon, based on transparent intensional logic. It turns out that on this approach there is no need to say (as (...)
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  30.  48
    Intension in Terms of Turing Machines.Pavel Tichý - 1969 - Studia Logica 24 (1):7 - 25.
  31.  2
    Together We Know How to Achieve: An Epistemic Logic of Know-How.Pavel Naumov & Jia Tao - 2018 - Artificial Intelligence 262:279-300.
  32.  18
    Marketing Impact on Diffusion in Social Networks.Pavel Naumov & Jia Tao - 2017 - Journal of Applied Logic 20:49-74.
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  33.  59
    Neuronal Mechanisms of Conscious Awareness.Pavel Ortinski & Kimford J. Meador - 2004 - Archives of Neurology 61 (7):1017-1020.
  34.  66
    Existence and God.Pavel Tichy - 1979 - Journal of Philosophy 76 (8):403-420.
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  35.  9
    Knowing-How Under Uncertainty.Pavel Naumov & Jia Tao - 2019 - Artificial Intelligence 276:41-56.
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  36. The Sociological Critique of Philosophical Aesthetics.Pavel Zahradka - 2013 - Filosoficky Casopis 61 (3):349-370.
     
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  37.  14
    On Lengths of Proofs in Non-Classical Logics.Pavel Hrubeš - 2009 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 157 (2-3):194-205.
    We give proofs of the effective monotone interpolation property for the system of modal logic K, and others, and the system IL of intuitionistic propositional logic. Hence we obtain exponential lower bounds on the number of proof-lines in those systems. The main results have been given in [P. Hrubeš, Lower bounds for modal logics, Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 941–958; P. Hrubeš, A lower bound for intuitionistic logic, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 146 72–90]; here, we give considerably simplified (...)
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  38.  39
    Rationally Functional Dependence.Pavel Naumov & Brittany Nicholls - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (2-3):603-616.
    Two different types of functional dependencies are compared: dependencies that are functional due to the laws of nature and dependencies that are functional if all involved agents behave rationally. The first type of dependencies was axiomatized by Armstrong. This article gives a formal definition of the second type of functional dependencies in terms of strategic games and describes a sound and complete axiomatization of their properties. The axiomatization is significantly different from the Armstrong’s axioms.
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  39.  21
    Jozef Kovalčik and Max Ryynänen, Eds., Aesthetics of Popular Culture.Pavel Zahrádka - 2016 - Estetika 53 (2):246-255.
    A review of Jozef Kovalčik´s and Max Ryynänen´s Aesthetics of Popular Culture.
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  40.  19
    Pavel Florensky on Space and Time.Michael Chase - 2015 - Schole 9 (1):105-118.
    An investigation of the views on space and time of the Russian polymath Pavel Florensky. After a brief account of his life, I study Florensky’s conception of time in The Meaning of Idealism, where he first confronts Einstein’s theory of special relativity, comparing it to Plato’s metaphor of the Cave and Goethe’s myth of the Mothers. Later, in his Analysis of spatiality and time, Florensky speaks of a person’s biography as a four-dimensional unity, in which the temporal coordinate is (...)
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  41.  60
    The Logic of Temporal Discourse.Pavel Tichý - 1979 - Linguistics and Philosophy 3 (3):343 - 369.
  42.  14
    Everyone Knows That Someone Knows: Quantifiers Over Epistemic Agents.Pavel Naumov & Jia Tao - 2019 - Review of Symbolic Logic 12 (2):255-270.
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  43.  1
    ‘We Are Sorry This Video Is Not Available in Your Country’: An Ethical Analysis of Geo-Blocking Audio-Visual Online Content.Pavel Zahrádka & Reinold Schmücker - forthcoming - Journal of Media Ethics:1-16.
    This article provides an ethical analysis of the moral conflict over access to premium audio-visual online content, which is currently regulated by geo-blocking in the domain of digital film distri...
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  44.  54
    Subjunctive Conditionals: Two Parameters Vs. Three.Pavel Tichý - 1984 - Philosophical Studies 45 (2):147 - 179.
  45.  41
    Incompleteness in the Finite Domain.Pavel Pudlák - 2017 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 23 (4):405-441.
    Motivated by the problem of finding finite versions of classical incompleteness theorems, we present some conjectures that go beyond NP ≠ coNP. These conjectures formally connect computational complexity with the difficulty of proving some sentences, which means that high computational complexity of a problem associated with a sentence implies that the sentence is not provable in a weak theory, or requires a long proof. Another reason for putting forward these conjectures is that some results in proof complexity seem to be (...)
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  46.  3
    Evaluating Food and Beverage Experience: Paradoxes of the Normativity.Pavel Zahrádka - 2020 - Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 4 (3):99-112.
    This article is concerned with an analysis of semantics and the normativity of evaluative judgments, in which “aesthetic concepts” and “predicates of personal taste” are used in the context of the evaluation of selected cultural forms. Qualitative data obtained through semi-structured interviews with representatives in four categories of actors in the cultural field are analyzed. In the light of the findings, theories of aesthetic judgment are critically assessed, which on the one hand, postulate the categorical semantic and normative difference between (...)
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  47.  65
    De Dicto and de Re.Pavel Tichý - 1978 - Philosophia 8 (1):1-16.
  48.  3
    An Application of Fluid Mobility Attribute for Permeability Prognosis in the Crosswell Space with Compensation of the Reservoir Thickness Variations.Pavel Rusakov, Gennady Goloshubin, Yury Tcimbaluk & Irina Privalova - 2016 - Interpretation: SEG 4 (2):T157-T165.
    We have considered a permeability prognosis in the crosswell space within the Middle Jurassic [Formula: see text] Formation in the southern part of Western Siberia. The prognosis was based on core measurements, well log analysis, and seismic attribute calculations. We have estimated the formation permeability in the wells, calculated seismic attribute proportional to fluid mobility from the 3D seismic data, and eliminated the influence of the reservoir thickness variations. The correlation between appropriate seismic attribute values and [Formula: see text] formation (...)
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  49.  14
    The Psychodynamics of Community of Inquiry and Educational Reform: A Cross-Cultural Perspective.Pavel Lushyn & David Kennedy - 2000 - Thinking: The Journal of Philosophy for Children 15 (3):9-16.
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  50.  28
    Leaving the Enchanted World Behind: Kant on the Order of Nature, Empirical Space and the Possibility of Miracles.Pavel Reichl - 2019 - Kantian Review 24 (1):103-125.
    Despite relative neglect in the literature, Kant’s published and unpublished writings in theoretical philosophy reveal a sustained and at times ambivalent effort to come to terms with the problem of miracles. Because they entail a form of supernatural causation that undermines the law-governedness of the order of nature, miracles pose a significant problem for Kant’s metaphysics. I explore in detail Kant’s account of miracles in conjunction with the relevant aspects of his metaphysics of nature in order to establish in what (...)
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