Results for 'Peggy Levitt'

443 found
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  1.  14
    Norman Levitt. Reviewed Work: The Undiscovered Mind: How the Human Brain Defies Replication, Medication, and Explanation by John Horgan. [REVIEW]Norman Levitt - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (2):346-347.
  2.  28
    The Cipher of the Zodiac.Robert Fox, Charles C. Gillispie, Theresa Levitt, David Aubin, Jed Z. Buchwald & Diane Greco Josefowicz - 2012 - Metascience 21 (3):509-530.
    The cipher of the zodiac Content Type Journal Article Category Book Symposium Pages 1-22 DOI 10.1007/s11016-012-9674-1 Authors Robert Fox, Faculty of History, Oxford University, George Street, Oxford, OX1 2RL UK Charles C. Gillispie, Program in History of Science, Department of History, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA Theresa Levitt, Department of History, University of Mississippi, 310 Bishop Hall, University, MS 38677, USA David Aubin, Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Histoire des sciences mathématique, UPMC - case postale 247, 4, place (...)
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  3. The Right to Know and the Right Not to Know.Ruth Chadwick, Mairi Levitt & Darren Shickle (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
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  4. The Right to Know and the Right Not to Know: Genetic Privacy and Responsibility.Ruth Chadwick, Mairi Levitt & Darren Shickle (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    The privacy concerns discussed in the 1990s in relation to the New Genetics failed to anticipate the relevant issues for individuals, families, geneticists and society. Consumers, for example, can now buy their personal genetic information and share it online. The challenges facing genetic privacy have evolved as new biotechnologies have developed, and personal privacy is increasingly challenged by the irrepressible flow of electronic data between the personal and public spheres and by surveillance for terrorism and security risks. This book considers (...)
     
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  5. The Flight From Science and Reason.Paul R. Gross, N. Levitt & Martin W. Lewis (eds.) - 1996 - The New York Academy of Sciences.
  6.  14
    Argument Schemes for Reasoning About Trust.Simon Parsons, Katie Atkinson, Zimi Li, Peter McBurney, Elizabeth Sklar, Munindar Singh, Karen Haigh, Karl Levitt & Jeff Rowe - 2014 - Argument and Computation 5 (2-3):160-190.
    Trust is a natural mechanism by which an autonomous party, an agent, can deal with the inherent uncertainty regarding the behaviours of other parties and the uncertainty in the information it shares with those parties. Trust is thus crucial in any decentralised system. This paper builds on recent efforts to use argumentation to reason about trust. Specifically, a set of schemes is provided, and abstract patterns of reasoning that apply in multiple situations geared towards trust. Schemes are described in which (...)
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  7.  11
    Marriage and Family in India.Stephan Levitt & K. M. Kapadia - 1971 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 91 (1):161.
  8.  31
    Public Consultation in Bioethics. What's the Point of Asking the Public When They Have Neither Scientific nor Ethical Expertise?Mairi Levitt - 2003 - Health Care Analysis 11 (1):15-25.
    With the rapid development of genetic research and applications in health care there is some agreement among funding and regulatory bodies that the public(s) need to be equipped to deal with the choices that the new technologies will offer them, although this does not necessarily include a role for the public in influencing their development and regulation. This paper considers the methods and purpose of public consultations in the area of genetics including large-scale surveys of opinion, consensus conferences and focus (...)
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  9.  23
    My Genes Made Me Do It? The Implications of Behavioural Genetics for Responsibility and Blame.Mairi Levitt & Neil Manson - 2007 - Health Care Analysis 15 (1):33-40.
    The idea of individual responsibility for action is central to our conception of what it is to be a person. Behavioural genetic research may seem to call into question the idea of individual responsibility with possible implications for the criminal justice system. These implications will depend on the understandings of the various agencies and professional groups involved in responding to violent and anti-social behaviour, and, the result of negotiations between them over resulting practice. The paper considers two kinds of approaches (...)
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  10.  11
    Firewall Configuration: An Application of Multiagent Metalevel Argumentation.Andy Applebaum, Zimi Li, Karl Levitt, Simon Parsons, Jeff Rowe & Elizabeth I. Sklar - 2016 - Argument and Computation 7 (2-3):201-221.
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  11. A Higher Superstition? A Reply to Steve Fuller's Review.Paul R. Gross & Norman Levitt - 1995 - History of the Human Sciences 8 (2):125-129.
  12.  8
    Public Consultation in Bioethics. What's the Point of Asking the Public When They Have Neither Scientific or Ethical Expertise?Mairi Levitt - 2003 - .
    With the rapid development of genetic research and applications in health care there is some agreement among funding and regulatory bodies that the public need to be equipped to deal with the choices that the new technologies will offer them, although this does not necessarily include a role for the public in influencing their development and regulation. This paper considers the methods and purpose of public consultations in the area of genetics including large-scale surveys of opinion, consensus conferences and focus (...)
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  13.  12
    Let the Consumer Decide? The Regulation of Commercial Genetic Testing.Mairi Levitt - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (6):398-403.
    Objectives—The development of predictive genetic tests provides a new area where consumers can gain knowledge of their health status and commercial opportunities. “Over-the-counter” or mail order genetic tests are most likely to provide information on carrier status or the risk of developing a multifactorial disease. The paper considers the social and ethical implications of individuals purchasing genetic tests and whether genetic information is different from other types of health information which individuals can obtain for themselves.Design—The discussion is illustrated by findings (...)
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  14.  14
    A Well Placed Trust? Public Perceptions of the Governance of DNA Databases.Mairi Levitt & Sue Weldon - 2005 - .
    Biobanks that are run on an opt-in basis depend on people having the motivation to give and to trust in those who control their samples. Yet in the UK trust in the healthcare system has been in decline and there have been a number of health-related scandals that have received widespread media and public attention. Given this background, and the previous public consultations on UK Biobank, the paper explores the way people express their trust and mistrust in the area of (...)
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  15.  14
    Let the Consumer Decide? The Regulation of Commercial Genetic Testing.D. M. Levitt - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (6):398-403.
    Objectives—The development of predictive genetic tests provides a new area where consumers can gain knowledge of their health status and commercial opportunities. “Over-the-counter” or mail order genetic tests are most likely to provide information on carrier status or the risk of developing a multifactorial disease. The paper considers the social and ethical implications of individuals purchasing genetic tests and whether genetic information is different from other types of health information which individuals can obtain for themselves.Design—The discussion is illustrated by findings (...)
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  16.  51
    Genetic Screening and Ethics: European Perspectives.Ruth Chadwick, Henk ten Have, Jfrgen Husted, Mairi Levitt, Tony McGleenan, Darren Shickle & Urban Wiesing - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (3):255 – 273.
    Analysis and comparison of genetic screening programs shows that the extent of development of programs varies widely across Europe. Regional variations are due not only to genetic disease patterns but also reflect the novelty of genetic services. In most countries, the focus for genetic screening programs has been pregnant women and newborn children. Newborn children are screened only for disorders which are treatable. Prenatal screening when provided is for conditions for which termination may be offered. The only population screening programs (...)
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  17.  20
    Risky Individuals and the Politics of Genetic Research Into Aggressiveness and Violence.Elisa Pieri & Mairi Levitt - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (9):509-518.
    New genetic technologies promise to generate valuable insights into the aetiology of several psychiatric conditions, as well as a wider range of human and animal behaviours. Advances in the neurosciences and the application of new brain imaging techniques offer a way of integrating DNA analysis with studies that are looking at other biological markers of behaviour. While candidate 'genes for' certain conditions, including schizophrenia and bipolar disorders, are said to be 'un-discovered' at a faster rate than they are discovered, many (...)
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  18.  91
    “Are We a Family or a Business?” History and Disjuncture in the Urban American Street Gang.Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh & Steven D. Levitt - 2000 - Theory and Society 29 (4):427-462.
  19.  54
    Bioethics: An Export Product? Reflections on Hands-on Involvement in Exploring the “External” Validity of International Bioethical Declarations. [REVIEW]Mairi Levitt & Hub Zwart - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (3):367-377.
    As the technosciences, including genomics, develop into a global phenomenon, the question inevitably emerges whether and to what extent bioethics can and should become a globalised phenomenon as well. Could we somehow articulate a set of core principles or values that ought to be respected worldwide and that could serve as a universal guide or blueprint for bioethical regulations for embedding biotechnologies in various countries? This article considers one universal declaration, the UNESCO Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights ( 2005a (...)
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  20.  7
    The Effects of Stress on Young Children's Memory for a Natural Disaster.Lorraine E. Bahrick, Janat Fraser Parker, Robyn Fivush & Mary Levitt - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 4 (4):308-331.
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  21.  53
    Making Human Better and Making Better Humans.Mairi Levitt & Fiona K. O'Neill - 2010 - Genomics, Society and Policy 6 (1):1-14.
    The last 10 years has seen the development and deployment of new biotechnologies not just as potential treatments but also as potential enhancements. The definition and differentiation of treatment from enhancement is an ongoing clinical, ethical and social debate that ranges across a proliferating number of convergent technologies. Many of these innovations will ‘come-on-line’ as present generations of young people will be reaching adulthood and considering parenthood. This paper reports on a project that explored the possibilities for human enhancement with (...)
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  22. Prometheus Bedeviled: Science and the Contradictions of Contemporary Culture.N. Levitt - 1999 - Rutgers University Press.
  23.  80
    Genetic Technology: A Threat to Deafness. [REVIEW]Ruth Chadwick & Mairi Levitt - 1998 - Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 1 (3):209-215.
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  24.  6
    Why Do Increased Arrest Rates Appear To Reduce Crime: Deterrence, Incapacitation, or Measurement Error?Steven D. Levitt - 1998 - Economic Inquiry 36 (3):353-372.
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  25.  23
    Forensic Databases: Benefits and Ethical and Social Costs.Mairi Levitt - 2007 - .
    Introduction: This article discusses ethical, legal and social issues raised by the collection, storage and use of DNA in forensic databases. Review: The largest and most inclusive forensic database in the world, the UK National DNA database, leads the worldwide trend towards greater inclusivity. The performance of the NDNAD, criteria for inclusion, legislative framework and plans for integrating forensic databases across Europe are discussed. Comparisons are drawn with UK biobank that has started collecting DNA samples linked to medical records and, (...)
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  26.  35
    Code-Switching in Multilingual Aphasia.Conner Peggy, Goral Mira, Anema Inge, Mustelier Carmen, Knoph Monica, Borodkin Katy, Belkina Marina, Haendler Yair, Paluska Elizabeth & Pugach Yana - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  27.  4
    UK Biobank: A Model for Public Engagement?Mairi Levitt - 2005 - Genomics, Society and Policy 1 (3):78-91.
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  28.  22
    Assisted Reproduction: Managing an Unruly Technology. [REVIEW]Mairi Levitt - 2004 - Health Care Analysis 12 (1):41-49.
    Technology is “unruly” because it operates in a social context where it is shaped by institutions, organisations and individuals in ways not envisaged when it was first developed. In the UK assisted reproductive technology has developed from strictly circumscribed beginnings as a treatment for infertility within the NHS, to a service which is more often offered by commercial clinics and purchased by clients who are not necessarily infertile. The article considers the process by which assisted reproductive technology has been created (...)
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  29.  62
    Perspectives on Public Engagement.Mairi Levitt - unknown
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  30.  7
    Gene Week: A Novel Way of Consulting the Public.Mairi Levitt, Kate Weiner & John Goodacre - 2005 - .
    Within academic circles, the “deficit” model of public understanding of science has been subject to increasing critical scrutiny by those who favor more constructivist approaches. These suggest that “the public” can articulate sophisticated ideas about the social and ethical implications of science regardless of their level of technical knowledge. The seminal studies following constructivist approaches have generally involved small-scale qualitative investigations, which have minimized the pre-framing of issues to a greater or lesser extent. This article describes the Gene Week Project, (...)
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  31.  10
    Complementarity Rather Than Integration.Mairi Levitt - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (1):81-83.
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  32.  32
    Euroscreen 2: Zu einer gemeinsamen Versicherungs- und Kommerzialisierungspolitik und zu einer Politik des öffentlichen Bewusstseins über Genetik. [REVIEW]Ruth Chadwick, Henk ten Have, Rogeer Hoedemaekers, Jørgen Husted, Mairi Levitt, Tony McGleenan, Darren Shickle & Urban Wiesing - 2000 - Ethik in der Medizin 12 (4):269-273.
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  33.  10
    Mouse Killing or Carrying by Male and Female Long-Evans Hooded Rats.Daniel J. Lonowski, Robert A. Levitt & Scott D. Larson - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (5):349-351.
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  34. A Critique of Feminist Science Criticism.Paul R. Gross & Norman Levitt - 1999 - In Robert Klee (ed.), Scientific Inquiry: Readings in the Philosophy of Science. Oxford University Press. pp. 306.
  35. Love in Thus Spoke Zarathustra.T. Levitt - 1990 - Gnosis 3 (3):101-109.
     
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  36.  16
    Natural Ways Are Better: Adolescents and the 'Anti-Obesity' Gene.Mairi Levitt - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (3):305-315.
    Empirical research with young people in Finland, Germany, Spain and Britain was carried out as part of the BIOCULT project funded by the European Union. The project focused on their attitudes to biotechnology and, in particular, the formation of arguments about risk and safety. This paper looks at the responses of 14–18 year olds to a story about the so called anti-obesity gene, in the form of advice to a friend who is taking it. The majority advised against taking it (...)
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  37.  3
    Toxic Metals, Preconception and Early Childhood Development.Miriam Levitt - 1999 - Social Science Information 38 (2):179-201.
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  38. Constructivism/Constructionism: Methodology.R. A. Neimeyer & H. Levitt - 2001 - In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. pp. 2651--2654.
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  39.  7
    Stimulus Attributes and Drive in Paired-Associate Learning.Herbert Levitt & Albert E. Goss - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (3):243.
  40.  8
    Melvyn C. Usselman. Pure Intelligence: The Life of William Hyde Wollaston. Xv + 413 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2015. $35. [REVIEW]Theresa Levitt - 2016 - Isis 107 (3):637-638.
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  41.  10
    Commentary on Donaldson’s Social Contract for Business.Leon Levitt - 1986 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 5 (1):47-50.
  42.  14
    Indian Feudalism: Circa 300-1200.Stephan Levitt & Ram Sharan Sharma - 1971 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 91 (1):161.
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  43.  1
    The Coming Crisis of Western Sociology.C. Levitt - 1970 - Télos 1970 (6):338-343.
  44.  22
    Euroscreen 2: Towards Community Policy on Insurance, Commercialization and Public Awareness.Ruth Chadwick, Henk ten Have, Rogeer Hoedemaekers, Jrgen Husted, Mairi Levitt, Tony McGleenan, Darren Shickle & Urban Wiesing - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (3):263-272.
    The project Euroscreen 2 has examined genetic screening and testing with particular reference to implications for insurance, commercialization through marketing of genetic tests direct to the public, and issues surrounding raising public awareness of these and other developments in genetics, including the practical experiment of a Gene Shop. This paper provides a snapshot of the three year project. The study groups work included monitoring developments in different European countries and exploring possibilities for regulation in insurance and commercialization together with public (...)
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  45.  7
    Mouse Killing and Carrying by Maudsley and Long-Evans Strain Rats.Daniel J. Lonowski, Robert A. Levitt & Scott D. Larson - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (6):629-631.
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  46.  16
    Euripides, Medea 1181–4.N. Levitt - 1964 - The Classical Review 14 (01):1-2.
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  47.  20
    Context and Frequency Effects in the Generalization of a Human Voluntary Response.John A. Hebert, Marsha Bullock, Lynn Levitt, Kim Groves Woodward & Frank D. McGuirk - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (3):456.
  48.  3
    Commentary on Donaldson’s Social Contract for Business.Leon Levitt - 1986 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 5 (1):47-50.
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  49.  15
    Perceptions of Nature, Nurture and Behaviour.Mairi Levitt - 2013 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 9 (1):1-11.
    Trying to separate out nature and nurture as explanations for behaviour, as in classic genetic studies of twins and families, is now said to be both impossible and unproductive. In practice the nature-nurture model persists as a way of framing discussion on the causes of behaviour in genetic research papers, as well as in the media and lay debate. Social and environmental theories of crime have been dominant in criminology and in public policy while biological theories have been seen as (...)
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  50.  25
    Genes, Environment and Responsibility for Violent Behaviour:‘Whatever Genes One has It is Preferable That You Are Prevented From Going Around Stabbing People’.Mairi Levitt - 2013 - .
    For the legal system to function effectively people are generally viewed as autonomous actors able to exercise choice and responsible for their actions. It is conceivable that genetic traits associated with violent and antisocial behaviour could call into question an affected individual’s responsibility for acts of criminal violence. Evidence concerning genes associated with violent and antisocial behaviour has been introduced in criminal courts in USA and Italy, either alone or with associated environmental factors. One example of a ‘genetic defence’ is (...)
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