Results for 'Pekka K��rkk��inen'

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  1.  26
    The Use of Mechanistic Evidence in Drug Approval.Jeffrey K. Aronson, Adam La Caze, Michael P. Kelly, Veli-Pekka Parkkinen & Jon Williamson - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (5):1166-1176.
    The role of mechanistic evidence tends to be under‐appreciated in current evidence‐based medicine, which focusses on clinical studies, tending to restrict attention to randomized controlled studies when they are available. The EBM+ programme seeks to redress this imbalance, by suggesting methods for evaluating mechanistic studies alongside clinical studies. Drug approval is a problematic case for the view that mechanistic evidence should be taken into account, because RCTs are almost always available. Nevertheless, we argue that mechanistic evidence is central to all (...)
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  2.  65
    Observable (Compendium Entry).Paul Busch & Pekka Lahti - unknown
    This is an entry to the Compendium of Quantum Physics, edited by F Weinert, K Hentschel and D Greenberg, to be published by Springer-Verlag.
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  3.  50
    Lueders Rule (Compendium Entry).Paul Busch & Pekka Lahti - unknown
    This is an entry to the Compendium of Quantum Physics, edited by F Weinert, K Hentschel and D Greenberger, to be published by Springer-Verlag.
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  4.  46
    Measurement Theory (Compendium Entry).Paul Busch & Pekka Lahti - unknown
    This is an entry to the Compendium of Quantum Physics, edited by F Weinert, K Hentschel and D Greenberger, to be published by Springer-Verlag.
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  5.  13
    A Step Towards a Complexity Theory for Analog Systems.K. Meer & M. Gori - 2002 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 48 (S1):45-58.
    Recent years have seen an increasing interest in the study of continuous-time computational models. However, not so much has been done with respect to setting up a complexity theoretic framework for such models. The present paper intends to go a step into this direction. We consider problems over the real numbers which we try to relate to Lyapunov theory for dynamical systems: The global minimizers of particular energy functions are supposed to give solutions of the problem. The structure of such (...)
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  6.  3
    Kur’'n Yorumunda Fasıl ve Vasıl.Avnullah Enes Ateş - 2020 - Tasavvur - Tekirdag Theology Journal 6 (2):1073-1105.
    Arap dili ve belâgati Kur’ân’ın doğru anlaşılması ve yorumlanmasında en önemli etkenlerdendir. Apaçık Arapça olarak inen Kur’ân bu dilin en beliğ ve fasih kullanımlarını içerisinde barındırmaktadır. Dili ve kullanımları bilinmeyen bir kitabın doğru anlaşılması mümkün değildir. Bu nedenle Kur’ân’ın doğru anlaşılıp yorumlanması adına birçok çalışma Arap Dili ve Belâgati konularına tahsis edilmiştir. Bu çalışma belâgat ilminin me‛ânî başlığı altında ele alınan fasıl ve vasıl konusunu Kur’ân yorumuna etkisi açısından inceleyecektir. Ardı sıra gelen cümlelerin birbirleriyle ilişkisini konu edinen fasıl ve vasıl, (...)
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  7. True Fiction: Philosophy and Psychology of Religious Belief.Ilkka Pyysia¨Inen - 2003 - Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):109-125.
    The phenomenon of religious belief has been much discussed in philosophy of religion. However, a priori argumentation alone cannot establish what religious belief is like as a psychological attitude. Recent advances in the cognitive science of religion have paved the way for a new, naturalized philosophy of religion. Taking into account the relevant results and hypotheses presented within these disciplines, it is possible to develop a more empirically informed philosophy of religious belief. Instead of asking whether believing is rational, it (...)
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  8.  79
    The Lewd, the Rude and the Nasty: A Study of Thick Concepts in Ethics.Pekka Vayrynen - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    In addition to thin concepts like the good, the bad and the ugly, our evaluative thought and talk appeals to thick concepts like the lewd and the rude, the selfish and the cruel, the courageous and the kind -- concepts that somehow combine evaluation and non-evaluative description. Thick concepts are almost universally assumed to be inherently evaluative in content, and many philosophers claimed them to have deep and distinctive significance in ethics and metaethics. In this first book-length treatment of thick (...)
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  9. K, T, Maslin.K. Smith - 1995 - Cogito 9:79.
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  10. På slagmarken med prins Otto – Kønsballade hos B.S. Ingemann i 1835.Lone Kølle Martinsen - 2019 - Slagmark - Tidsskrift for Idéhistorie 79:97-115.
    In his historical novel from 1835, Prince Otto of Denmark and his Time, the poet Bernhard Severin Ingemann established the unknown, yet historical character, Prince Otto of Denmark as the hero of the novel. This choice has puzzled critics ever since, due to the fact that Prince Otto seems less a potential king than his brother Valdemar IV who actually became a king of Denmark. Georg Brandes claimed that Otto mirrored Ingemann’s persona as weak and feminine, a “monk” not suited (...)
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  11. Lehrer, K.-Self-Trust.K. Meeker & R. Van Woudenberg - 1999 - Philosophical Books 40:252-255.
  12. The Collectivist Approach to Collective Moral Responsibility.Seumas Miller & Pekka Makela - 2005 - Metaphilosophy 36 (5):634-651.
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  13. K. Mainzer.K. Mainzer, Symmetrica der Natur & Studieo zur Natur-und Wissenschaftsphilosophie - 1994 - In Dag Prawitz & Dag Westerståhl (eds.), Logic and Philosophy of Science in Uppsala. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 453.
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  14. K. WENZEL, HoboPilgrim, ISBN 978-3-7867-2876-4.K. Vechtel - 2011 - Theologie Und Philosophie 86 (4):624.
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  15.  36
    K. I. Kalliphatides: (1) Ρμηνευτικ Σ Παρατηρ Σεις Στ Ν Δι Λογο Τ Ν Mηλ Ων. (2) Ρμηνευτικ Σ Παρατηρ Σεις Στ Ν Δι Λογο Τ Ν Mηλ Ων, I. Pp. 48, 12. Thessaloniki: Privately Printed, 1965. Paper.R. Weil: Thucydide: La Guerre du Péloponnèse: Périclès. Pp. 105; Map. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1965. Paper, 9 Fr. [REVIEW]K. J. Dover - 1968 - The Classical Review 18 (01):109-.
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  16.  4
    Ramesh K. Sharma, J. M. E. McTaggart: Substance, Self, and Immortality (Lanham: Lexington Books, 2015), Pp. 544+Xviii, $130. [REVIEW]K. C. Pandey - 2020 - Journal of the Indian Council of Philosophical Research 37 (3):501-504.
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  17.  60
    Collective Agents and Moral Responsibility.Pekka Mäkelä - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (3):456–468.
  18.  15
    Prof. K. Borinski on W. B. Smith's Biblical Criticism.K. Borinski - 1911 - The Monist 21 (2):307.
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  19.  8
    Kıbrısta BM Tarafından Gerçekleştirilen.Soyalp Tamçeli̇k - 2013 - Journal of Turkish Studies 8 (Volume 8 Issue 5):733-778.
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  20. K. J. WU "Discovering Formal Logic". [REVIEW]K. G. Ferguson - 1995 - History and Philosophy of Logic 16 (2):285.
  21. K. Wigginton," Computer Crime: Assessing the Lawyer's Perspective.K. Forcht & D. Thomas - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (4).
     
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  22. K. Satchidananda Murty: Vedic Hermeneutics.K. Werner - 1996 - Asian Philosophy 6:79-80.
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  23.  16
    k.L. N. & K. I. - manuscript
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  24. Normative Explanation and Justification.Pekka Väyrynen - 2021 - Noûs 55 (1):3-22.
    Normative explanations of why things are wrong, good, or unfair are ubiquitous in ordinary practice and normative theory. This paper argues that normative explanation is subject to a justification condition: a correct complete explanation of why a normative fact holds must identify features that would go at least some way towards justifying certain actions or attitudes. I first explain and motivate the condition I propose. I then support it by arguing that it fits well with various theories of normative reasons, (...)
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  25.  39
    K. Brodersen (ed.): Große Gestalten der griechischen Antike. 58 historische Portraits von Homer bis Kleopatra . Pp. 507. Munich: C. H. Beck, 1999. Cased. ISBN: 3-406-44893-. [REVIEW]K. Kapparis - 2000 - The Classical Review 50 (1):380-381.
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  26.  10
    W. K. C. Guthrie's "A History of Greek Philosophy". Volume IV: "Plato: The Man and His Dialogues: Earlier Period". [REVIEW]K. W. Harrington - 1978 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 38 (3):431.
  27. Moral Responsibility of Robots and Hybrid Agents.Raul Hakli & Pekka Mäkelä - 2019 - The Monist 102 (2):259-275.
    We study whether robots can satisfy the conditions of an agent fit to be held morally responsible, with a focus on autonomy and self-control. An analogy between robots and human groups enables us to modify arguments concerning collective responsibility for studying questions of robot responsibility. We employ Mele’s history-sensitive account of autonomy and responsibility to argue that even if robots were to have all the capacities required of moral agency, their history would deprive them from autonomy in a responsibility-undermining way. (...)
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  28. Doubts About Moral Perception.Pekka Väyrynen - 2018 - In Anna Bergqvist & Robert Cowan (eds.), Evaluative Perception. Oxford University Press. pp. 109-28.
    This paper defends doubts about the existence of genuine moral perception, understood as the claim that at least some moral properties figure in the contents of perceptual experience. Standard examples of moral perception are better explained as transitions in thought whose degree of psychological immediacy varies with how readily non-moral perceptual inputs, jointly with the subject's background moral beliefs, training, and habituation, trigger the kinds of phenomenological responses that moral agents are normally disposed to have when they represent things as (...)
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  29. Simpson, SG, Tanaka, K. And Yamazaki, T., Some Conserva.K. Tanaka - 2002 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 118:249.
  30. HAAKONSSEN, K.: "The Science of a Legislator: The Natural Jurisprudence of David Hume and Adam Smith". [REVIEW]K. Campbell - 1982 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 60:389.
  31. K Probleme Filosofii I͡azyka.K. Kh Khanazarov - 2007 - Uzbekistan.
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  32.  47
    Chryselephantine Statues K. D. S. Lapatin: Chryselephantine Statuary in the Ancient Mediterranean World . Pp. XVI + 242, Ills, 3 Colour Pls. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Cased, £75. Isbn: 0-19-815311-. [REVIEW]K. W. Arafat - 2002 - The Classical Review 52 (02):339-.
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  33. Grounding and Normative Explanation.Pekka Väyrynen - 2013 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 87 (1):155-178.
    This paper concerns non-causal normative explanations such as ‘This act is wrong because/in virtue of__’. The familiar intuition that normative facts aren't brute or ungrounded but anchored in non- normative facts seems to be in tension with the equally familiar idea that no normative fact can be fully explained in purely non- normative terms. I ask whether the tension could be resolved by treating the explanatory relation in normative explanations as the sort of ‘grounding’ relation that receives extensive discussion in (...)
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  34.  14
    K'aokuhsue Yu Kechishih . Hsia Nai.K. C. Chang - 1981 - Isis 72 (2):317-318.
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  35. A Theory of Hedged Moral Principles.Pekka Väyrynen - 2009 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 4:91-132.
    This paper offers a general model of substantive moral principles as a kind of hedged moral principles that can (but don't have to) tolerate exceptions. I argue that the kind of principles I defend provide an account of what would make an exception to them permissible. I also argue that these principles are nonetheless robustly explanatory with respect to a variety of moral facts; that they make sense of error, uncertainty, and disagreement concerning moral principles and their implications; and that (...)
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  36.  14
    Jungmann, K. René Descartes.K. Jungmann - 1908 - Kant Studien 13 (1-3).
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  37. Thick Ethical Concepts.Pekka Väyrynen - 2016 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    [First published 09/2016; substantive revision 02/2021.] Evaluative terms and concepts are often divided into “thin” and “thick”. We don’t evaluate actions and persons merely as good or bad, or right or wrong, but also as kind, courageous, tactful, selfish, boorish, and cruel. The latter evaluative concepts are "descriptively thick": their application somehow involves both evaluation and a substantial amount of non-evaluative description. This article surveys various attempts to answer four fundamental questions about thick terms and concepts. (1) A “combination question”: (...)
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  38. Review of Moral Particularism (Ed. Brad Hooker and Margaret Little). [REVIEW]Pekka Väyrynen - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (3):478-483.
    This is a short review of Moral Particularism, ed. Brad Hooker and Margaret Little (Oxford University Press, 2002).
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  39. The Supervenience Challenge to Non-Naturalism.Pekka Väyrynen - 2017 - In Tristram McPherson & David Plunkett (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Metaethics. Routledge. pp. 170-84.
    This paper is a survey of the supervenience challenge to non-naturalist moral realism. I formulate a version of the challenge, consider the most promising non-naturalist replies to it, and suggest that no fully effective reply has yet been given.
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  40.  36
    Evaluating Evidence of Mechanisms in Medicine.Veli-Pekka Parkkinen, Christian Wallmann, Michael Wilde, Brendan Clarke, Phyllis Illari, Michael P. Kelly, Charles Norell, Federica Russo, Beth Shaw & Jon Williamson - 2018 - Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.
    The use of evidence in medicine is something we should continuously seek to improve. This book seeks to develop our understanding of evidence of mechanism in evaluating evidence in medicine, public health, and social care; and also offers tools to help implement improved assessment of evidence of mechanism in practice. In this way, the book offers a bridge between more theoretical and conceptual insights and worries about evidence of mechanism and practical means to fit the results into evidence assessment procedures.
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  41.  80
    Understanding Institutions Without Collective Acceptance?Pekka Mäkelä, Raul Hakli & S. M. Amadae - 2018 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 48 (6):608-629.
    Francesco Guala has written an important book proposing a new account of social institutions and criticizing existing ones. We focus on Guala’s critique of collective acceptance theories of institutions, widely discussed in the literature of collective intentionality. Guala argues that at least some of the collective acceptance theories commit their proponents to antinaturalist methodology of social science. What is at stake here is what kind of philosophizing is relevant for the social sciences. We argue that a Searlean version of collective (...)
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  42.  77
    What Do We Really Know About the Deliberate Use of Placebos in Clinical Practice?Pekka Louhiala - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (7):403-405.
    The aim of the present study was to explore the use and understanding of the concepts ‘placebo’ and ‘placebo effect’ in 12 empirical studies that have addressed the prescription of placebos by doctors in clinical practice. There were great differences in the general methodology and in the definitions (or lack of any definition) of the basic concepts in these 12 studies. Therefore, the results reflect different things. They tell us a little about the use of ‘pure placebos’, more about the (...)
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  43.  38
    K.-J. Hölkeskamp Die Entstehung der Nobilität. Studien zur sozialen und politischen Geschichte der Römischen Republik im 4. Jh. v. Chr. 2., erweiterte Auflage. Pp. xxxiv + 344, map. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 2011 . Paper, €47. ISBN: 978-3-515-09883-0. [REVIEW]Marleen K. Termeer - 2013 - The Classical Review 63 (1):298-299.
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  44.  29
    Re-Enchanting the World: The Role of Imagination in Perception: K. Lennon.K. Lennon - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (3):375-389.
    This paper defends what the philosopher Merleau Ponty coins ‘the imaginary texture of the real’. It is suggested that the imagination is at work in the everyday world which we perceive, the world as it is for us. In defending this view a concept of the imagination is invoked which has both similarities with and differences from, our everyday notion. The everyday notion contrasts the imaginary and the real. The imaginary is tied to the fictional or the illusory. Here it (...)
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  45. Resisting the Buck-Passing Account of Value.Pekka Vayrynen - 2006 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 1:295-324.
    I first distinguish between different forms of the buck-passing account of value and clarify my target in other respects on buck-passers' behalf. I then raise a number of problems for the different forms of the buck-passing view that I have distinguished.
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  46. A Wrong Turn to Reasons?Pekka Väyrynen - 2011 - In Michael Brady (ed.), New Waves in Metaethics. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This paper argues that the recent metaethical turn to reasons as the fundamental units of normativity offers no special advantage in explaining a variety of other normative and evaluative phenomena, unless perhaps a form of reductionism about reasons is adopted which is rejected by many of those who advocate turning to reasons.
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  47.  14
    BM Güvenlik Konseyi'nin Kıbrıs'la İlgili Aldığı Bazı Kararların Özellikleri Ve Analitik Değerlendirm.Soyalp Tamçeli̇k - 2013 - Journal of Turkish Studies 8 (Volume 8 Issue 12):1229-1229.
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  48.  20
    I. K. R Aubitschek : Isthmia: Excavations by the University of Chicago Under the Auspices of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens: Vol. VII. The Metal Objects (1952–1989) . Pp. Xxxv + 200, 8plans, 96 Pls. Princeton: The American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 1998. Cased, $150. ISBN: 0-87661-937-. [REVIEW]John K. Papadopoulos - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (02):615-.
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  49. Moral Generalism: Enjoy in Moderation.Pekka Väyrynen - 2006 - Ethics 116 (4):707-741.
    I defend moral generalism against particularism. Particularism, as I understand it, is the negation of the generalist view that particular moral facts depend on the existence of a comprehensive set of true moral principles. Particularists typically present "the holism of reasons" as powerful support for their view. While many generalists accept that holism supports particularism but dispute holism, I argue that generalism accommodates holism. The centerpiece of my strategy is a novel model of moral principles as a kind of "hedged" (...)
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  50. Normative Naturalism on Its Own Terms.Pekka Väyrynen - 2021 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 28 (3):505-530.
    Normative naturalism is primarily a metaphysical doctrine: there are normative facts and properties, and these fall into the class of natural facts and properties. Many objections to naturalism rely on additional assumptions about language or thought, but often without adequate consideration of just how normative properties would have to figure in our thought and talk if naturalism were true. In the first part of the paper, I explain why naturalists needn’t think that normative properties can be represented or ascribed in (...)
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