18 found
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  1.  18
    Finnish Physicians’ Attitudes Towards Active Euthanasia Have Become More Positive Over the Last 10 Years.Pekka Louhiala, Heta Enkovaara, Hannu Halila, Heikki Pälve & Jukka Vänskä - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (4):353-355.
  2.  74
    What Do We Really Know About the Deliberate Use of Placebos in Clinical Practice?Pekka Louhiala - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (7):403-405.
    The aim of the present study was to explore the use and understanding of the concepts ‘placebo’ and ‘placebo effect’ in 12 empirical studies that have addressed the prescription of placebos by doctors in clinical practice. There were great differences in the general methodology and in the definitions (or lack of any definition) of the basic concepts in these 12 studies. Therefore, the results reflect different things. They tell us a little about the use of ‘pure placebos’, more about the (...)
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  3.  23
    Finnish Nurses' Views on End-of-Life Discussions and a Comparison with Physicians' Views.Hanna-Mari Hildén, Pekka Louhiala, Marja-Liisa Honkasalo & Jorma Palo - 2004 - Nursing Ethics 11 (2):165-178.
    This study investigated Finnish nurses’ experiences and views on end-of-life decision making and compared them with physicians’ views. For this purpose, a questionnaire was sent to 800 nurses, of which 51% responded. Most of the nurses had a positive attitude towards and respect for living wills, more often than physicians. Most also believed that a will had an effect on decision making. Almost all of the nurses considered it their responsibility to talk to physicians about respecting living wills. Do-not-resuscitate (DNR) (...)
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  4.  13
    Clinical Use of Placebo Treatments May Undermine the Trust of Patients: A Response to Gold and Lichtenberg.Pekka Louhiala, Harri Hemilä & Raimo Puustinen - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (11):787-788.
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  5.  22
    Physicians' Ethics Forum: A Web-Based Ethics Consultation Service.Pekka Louhiala, Samuli Saarni, Katri Hietala & Amos Pasternack - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (2):83-86.
    To meet all physicians' needs for ethics consultation in Finland, a novel form of service, the Physicians' Ethics Forum, was founded in 2003. The Forum is a cost-efficient service based on electronic communication. In this paper, experiences throughout its first 6 years are described.
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  6.  20
    End of Life Decisions: Attitudes of Finnish Physicians.Hanna-Mari Hilden, Pekka Louhiala & Jukka Palo - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (4):362-365.
    Objectives: This study investigated Finnish physicians’ experiences of decisions concerning living wills and do not resuscitate orders and also their views on the role of patients and family members in these decisions.Design: A questionnaire was sent to 800 physicians representing the following specialties: general practice ; internal medicine ; neurology , and oncology .Results: The response rate was 56%. Most of the respondents had a positive attitude toward , and respect for living wills, and 72% reported situations in which such (...)
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  7. Medical Humanities Companion.Martyn Evans, Rolf Ahlzén, Pekka Louhiala & J. Jill Gordon (eds.) - 2008 - Radcliffe Publishing.
     
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  8.  34
    Impure Placebo is a Useless Concept.Pekka Louhiala, Harri Hemilä & Raimo Puustinen - 2015 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (4):279-289.
    Placebos are allegedly used widely in general practice. Surveys reporting high level usage, however, have combined two categories, ‘pure’ and ‘impure’ placebos. The wide use of placebos is explained by the high level usage of impure placebos. In contrast, the prevalence of the use of pure placebos has been low. Traditional pure placebos are clinically ineffective treatments, whereas impure placebos form an ambiguous group of diverse treatments that are not always ineffective. In this paper, we focus on the impure placebo (...)
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  9.  19
    Revealing the Secrets of Placebo Effects.Pekka Louhiala - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (4):413-415.
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  10.  21
    To Screen or Not to Screen: That is the Ethical Question: Niklas Juth and Christian Munthe: The Ethics of Screening in Health Care and Medicine—Serving Society or Serving the Patient? International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine, Volume 51. Springer, Berlin, 2012, 175 P, €99.95, ISBN 978-94-007-2044-2. [REVIEW]Pekka Louhiala - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (3):623-625.
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  11.  13
    Healthcare Ethics in Finland.Tuija Takala & Pekka Louhiala - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (3):256-260.
    Finland is a country in Northern Europe with a population of approximately 5.1 million people. It lies between Sweden and Russia and has a border with Norway too. It is part of the European Union and also belongs to the European Monetary Union. It is a welfare state in the sense that healthcare services, schools, universities, and social services are for the most part paid for by tax-based funding. In terms of basic healthcare, the state, through local municipalities, provides comprehensive (...)
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  12.  11
    Ethical Conflicts in Regulating the Start of Life.Elina Hemminki, Paivi Santalahti & Pekka Louhiala - 1997 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 40 (4):586.
  13.  15
    Healthcare Ethics in Finland: A Follow-Up.Pekka Louhiala & Tuija Takala - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (3):236-240.
    Last year we reported that there are no professorships in medical ethics in Finland. This year we are happy to report that a chair in medical ethics has now been advertised at the University of Turku. We also gave details about the attempts to come up with a law on assisted reproduction. As predicted, there were problems, and eventually the proposal was withdrawn, leaving Finland still without a law on assisted reproduction. The talk on large-scale genetic databases has been surprisingly (...)
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  14.  5
    9. Health and Good Life.Pekka Louhiala - 2011 - In Sirpa Soini (ed.), Public Health – Ethical Issues. pp. 107.
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  15. Diagnosis.Rolf Ahlzén, Martyn Evans, Pekka Louhiala & Raimo Puustinen - 2008 - In Martyn Evans, Rolf Ahlzén, Pekka Louhiala & J. Jill Gordon (eds.), Medical Humanities Companion. Radcliffe Publishing.
     
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  16.  37
    Issues in Medical Research Ethics.Jürgen Boomgaarden, Pekka Louhiala & Urban Wiesing (eds.) - 2003 - Berghahn Books.
    Introduction TEMPE (Teaching Ethics: Material for Practitioner Education) is a two-year research project (2000-2002) funded by the European Commission ...
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  17. Philosophy for Medicine Applications in a Clinical Context.Martyn Evans, Pekka Louhiala & Raimo Puustinen - 2004
  18. Treatment.Pekka Louhiala, Iona Heath & John Saunders - 2008 - In Martyn Evans, Rolf Ahlzén, Pekka Louhiala & J. Jill Gordon (eds.), Medical Humanities Companion. Radcliffe Publishing.
     
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