Results for 'People'

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  1. Peace Papers for the People, by J. Harris.John Peace Society, Harris, Peace Pages for The People & Peace Papers for The People - 1874
     
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  2. The Interpretation of Texts, People and Other Artifacts.Daniel C. Dennett - 1990 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50:177-194.
    I want to explore four different exercises of interpretation: (1) the interpretation of texts (or hermeneutics), (2) the interpretation of people (otherwise known as "attribution" psychology, or cognitive or intentional psychology), (3) the interpretation of other artifacts (which I shall call artifact hermeneutics), (4) the interpretation of organism design in evolutionary biology--the controversial interpretive activity known as adaptationism.
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  3. Causing People to Exist and Saving People's Lives.Jeff McMahan - 2013 - Journal of Ethics 17 (1-2):5-35.
    Most people are skeptical of the claim that the expectation that a person would have a life that would be well worth living provides a reason to cause that person to exist. In this essay I argue that to cause such a person to exist would be to confer a benefit of a noncomparative kind and that there is a moral reason to bestow benefits of this kind. But this conclusion raises many problems, among which is that it must (...)
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  4.  2
    'In a Completely Different Light'? The Role of 'Being Affected' for the Epistemic Perspectives and Moral Attitudes of Patients, Relatives and Lay People.Silke Schicktanz, Mark Schweda & Martina Franzen - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (1):57-72.
    In this paper, we explore and discuss the use of the concept of being affected in biomedical decision making processes in Germany. The corresponding German term ‘Betroffenheit’ characterizes on the one hand a relation between a state of affairs and a person and on the other an emotional reaction that involves feelings like concern and empathy with the suffering of others. An example for the increasing relevance of being affected is the postulation of the participation of people with disabilities (...)
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  5. Balancing Risk Prevention and Health Promotion: Towards a Harmonizing Approach in Care for Older People in the Community.Bienke M. Janssen, Tine Van Regenmortel & Tineke A. Abma - 2014 - Health Care Analysis 22 (1):1-21.
    Many older people in western countries express a desire to live independently and stay in control of their lives for as long as possible in spite of the afflictions that may accompany old age. Consequently, older people require care at home and additional support. In some care situations, tension and ambiguity may arise between professionals and clients whose views on risk prevention or health promotion may differ. Following Antonovsky’s salutogenic framework, different perspectives between professionals and clients on the (...)
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  6.  18
    Protecting the Navajo People Through Tribal Regulation of Research.Doug Brugge & Mariam Missaghian - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (3):491-507.
    This essay explores the process and issues related to community collaborative research that involves Native Americans generally, and specifically examines the Navajo Nation’s efforts to regulate research within its jurisdiction. Researchers need to account for both the experience of Native Americans and their own preconceptions about Native Americans when conducting research about Native Americans. The Navajo Nation institutionalized an approach to protecting members of the nation when it took over Institutional Review Board (IRB) responsibilities from the US Indian Health Service (...)
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  7.  2
    Giving Voice to Vulnerable People: The Value of Shadowing for Phenomenological Healthcare Research. [REVIEW]Hanneke van der Meide, Carlo Leget & Gert Olthuis - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):731-737.
    Phenomenological healthcare research should include the lived experiences of a broad group of healthcare users. In this paper it is shown how shadowing can give a voice to people in vulnerable situations who are often excluded from interview studies. Shadowing is an observational method in which the researcher observes an individual during a relatively long time. Central aspects of the method are the focus on meaning expressed by the whole body, and an extended stay of the researcher in the (...)
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  8.  17
    Making Sense of Place Attachment: Towards a Holistic Understanding of People-Place Relationships and Experiences.Victor Counted - 2016 - Environment, Space, Place 8 (1):7-32.
    The article is an attempt to make sense of the different interdisciplinary perspectives associated with people’s attachment to places with a view to construct a holistic template for understanding people-place relationships and experiences. The author took note of the theoretical contributions of Jorgensen & Stedman, Scannell & Gifford, and Seamon to construct an integrative framework for understanding emotional links to places and people’s perception and experience of places. This was done with the intention of illuminating the meaning (...)
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  9.  11
    Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold, Inc.: An Innovative Voluntary Code of Conduct to Protect Human Rights, Create Employment Opportunities, and Economic Development of the Indigenous People[REVIEW]S. Prakash Sethi, David B. Lowry, Emre A. Veral, H. Jack Shapiro & Olga Emelianova - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (1):1-30.
    Environmental degradation and extractive industry are inextricably linked, and the industry’s adverse impact on air, water, and ground resources has been exacerbated with increased demand for raw materials and their location in some of the more environmentally fragile areas of the world. Historically, companies have managed to control calls for regulation and improved, i.e., more expensive, mining technologies by (a) their importance in economic growth and job creation or (b) through adroit use of their economic power and bargaining leverage against (...)
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  10.  27
    Ethical Challenges in Mental Health Research Among Internally Displaced People: Ethical Theory and Research Implementation. [REVIEW]Chesmal Siriwardhana, Anushka Adikari, Kaushalya Jayaweera & Athula Sumathipala - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):13-.
    Millions of people undergo displacement in the world. Internally displaced people (IDP) are especially vulnerable as they are not protected by special legislation in contrast to other migrants. Research conducted among IDPs must be correspondingly sensitive in dealing with ethical issues that may arise. Muslim IDPs in Puttalam district in the North-Western province of Sri Lanka were initially displaced from Northern Sri Lanka due to the conflict in 1991. In the backdrop of a study exploring the prevalence of (...)
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  11.  62
    Appropriately Using People Merely as a Means.Alexander A. Guerrero - 2016 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 10 (4):777-794.
    There has been a great deal of philosophical discussion about using people, using people intentionally, using people as a means to some end, and using people merely as a means to some end. In this paper, I defend the following claim about using people: NOT ALWAYS WRONG: using people—even merely as a means—is not always morally objectionable. Having defended that claim, I suggest that the following claim is also correct: NO ONE FEATURE: when it (...)
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  12.  2
    The Religiosity of Populism: The Sanctified and Abused Power of the People.Mao Xin - 2017 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 16 (47):62-75.
    Populism, irrespective of its form as a political movement or ideological phenomenon, often has certain semi-religious characteristics. This article explores the religiosity of populism from two perspectives: the sacredness of the people, and the messianic character of the populist leader. Even within quotidian politics, the concept of “the people” within the national borders is generally given a prominent position; but it takes on a transcendental character within the context of populism. Similar to the absence of God in the (...)
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  13.  8
    Framing Reflexivity in Quality Improvement Devices in the Care for Older People.Esther van Loon & Teun Zuiderent-Jerak - 2012 - Health Care Analysis 20 (2):119-138.
    Health care organizations are constantly seeking ways to improve quality of care and one of the often-posed solutions to deliver ‘good care’ is reflexivity. Several authors stress that enhancing the organizations’ and caregivers’ reflexivity allows for more situated, and therefore better care. Within quality improvement initiatives, devices that guarantee quality are also seen as key to the delivery of good care. These devices do not solely aim at standardizing work practices, but are also of importance in facilitating reflexivity. In this (...)
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  14.  13
    Framing Reflexivity in Quality Improvement Devices in the Care for Older People.Esther Loon & Teun Zuiderent-Jerak - 2012 - Health Care Analysis 20 (2):119-138.
    Health care organizations are constantly seeking ways to improve quality of care and one of the often-posed solutions to deliver ‘good care’ is reflexivity. Several authors stress that enhancing the organizations’ and caregivers’ reflexivity allows for more situated, and therefore better care. Within quality improvement initiatives, devices that guarantee quality are also seen as key to the delivery of good care. These devices do not solely aim at standardizing work practices, but are also of importance in facilitating reflexivity. In this (...)
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  15.  21
    Roberts on Depletion: How Much Better Can We Do for Future People?Mark E. Greene - 2016 - Utilitas 28 (1):108-118.
    Suppose that Depletion will reduce the well-being of future people. Many of us would like to say that Depletion is wrong because of the harm to future people. However, it can easily be made to seem that Depletion is actually harmless – this is the non-identity problem. I discuss a particularly ingenious attempt by Melinda Roberts to attribute a harm to Depletion. I will argue that the magnitude of Roberts's harm is off target by many orders of magnitude: (...)
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  16.  33
    Combining Psychological Models with Machine Learning to Better Predict People's Decisions.Avi Rosenfeld, Inon Zuckerman, Amos Azaria & Sarit Kraus - 2012 - Synthese 189 (S1):81-93.
    Creating agents that proficiently interact with people is critical for many applications. Towards creating these agents, models are needed that effectively predict people's decisions in a variety of problems. To date, two approaches have been suggested to generally describe people's decision behavior. One approach creates a-priori predictions about people's behavior, either based on theoretical rational behavior or based on psychological models, including bounded rationality. A second type of approach focuses on creating models based exclusively on observations (...)
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  17.  1
    People Trafficking: Conceptual Issues with the United Nations Trafficking Protocol 2000. [REVIEW]Marta Iñiguez de Heredia - 2008 - Human Rights Review 9 (3):299-316.
    This paper examines the UN 2000 Trafficking Protocol in the context of international responses to the issue of people trafficking. Attention is drawn to the conceptual flaws in this new instrument regarding the failure to address domestic trafficking, not incorporating the purchasing and selling of people as defining characteristics of trafficking, and the lack of clarity around issues of prostitution. Framing the discussion within feminist theory, the essay concludes that women’s campaigning will continue to be crucial to putting (...)
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  18.  51
    Existence: Who Needs It? The Non‐Identity Problem and Merely Possible People.Rivka Weinberg - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (9):471-484.
    In formulating procreative principles, it makes sense to begin by thinking about whose interests ought to matter to us. Obviously, we care about those who exist. Less obviously, but still uncontroversially, we care about those who will exist. Ought we to care about those who might possibly, but will not actually, exist? Recently, unusual positions have been taken regarding merely possible people and the non-identity problem. David Velleman argues that what might have happened to you – an existent person (...)
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  19.  35
    Chapter 4: Is It Good to Make Happy People?Stuart Rachels - 1998 - In Hedonic Value. Syracuse University.
    This is the fourth chapter of my dissertation, Hedonic Value (Director: Jonathan Bennett), Syracuse University, August, 1998. It is an unpublished revision of my "Is It Good to Make Happy People?" Bioethics 12 (April 1998), pp. 93-110. I systematically lay out and assess all the main arguments on each side and conclude that, Yes, it is good to add individuals to the population who would have lives worth living.
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  20.  13
    The Hidden Hand of Cultural Governance: The Transformation Process of Humanitas, a Community-Driven Organization Providing, Cure, Care, Housing and Well-Being to Elderly People[REVIEW]Van Marrewijk Marcel & M. Becker Hans - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 55 (2):205-214.
    This article gives a practice-based and theoretical overview of the transformation from a traditional hierarchical organization in the care and cure sector towards a so-called Community-driven organization providing human happiness to 6000 elderly people. The actual case study is intertwined with conceptual information for better understanding of the innovative transition which took place at Humanitas. The case description includes its initial situation, its new core values, mission and objectives and shows the sequence of emerging policies and interventions that resulted (...)
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  21.  9
    Examination of Existing Arguments on Business Oriented Towards Poverty Reduction with the Case of People with Disabilities in Vietnam.Nghia Chi Nguyen - 2013 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 2 (2):147-161.
    With an eye ultimately to answering the question of how business can alleviate poverty completely, the paper examines existing arguments about the approach of business to poverty reduction with the case of people with disabilities living in poverty in Vietnam. The paper suggests that business should take the knowledge and potential of poor people into consideration in its interfaces with different types of poor people: consumers, workers, property owners, etc. Furthermore, investigating how business can help reduce poverty (...)
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  22.  9
    Igreja, Povo de Deus, sujeito da comunhão eclesial (Church, the People of God, subject of ecclesial communion) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n24p1047. [REVIEW]Cleto Caliman - 2011 - Horizonte 9 (24):1047-1071.
    Aos 50 anos do início do Concílio Vaticano II, o artigo pretende articular a chave eclesiológica de sua compreensão da Igreja como povo de Deus (cap II da Lumen Gentium), com o processo de sua recepção no pós-concílio. O Sínodo Extraordinário de 1985 - aos 20 anos do término do Concílio - privilegiou a categoria “comunhão” como chave da eclesiologia conciliar. O Sínodo de 1987 sobre a Vocação e Missão do Leigo na Igreja e no Mundo expressou o desejo de (...)
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  23.  7
    Nanoscale Science and Technology and People with Disabilities in Asia: An Ability Expectation Analysis. [REVIEW]Gregor Wolbring & Natalie Ball - 2012 - NanoEthics 6 (2):127-135.
    Science and technology, including nanoscale science and technology, influences and is influenced by various discourses and areas of action. Ableism is one concept and ability expectation is one dynamic that impacts the direction, vision, and application of nanoscale science and technology and vice versa. At the same time, policy documents that involve or relate to disabled people exhibit ability expectations of disabled people. The authors present ability expectations exhibited within two science and technology direction documents from Asia, as (...)
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  24.  12
    Balancing Risk Prevention and Health Promotion: Towards a Harmonizing Approach in Care for Older People in the Community. [REVIEW]Bienke M. Janssen, Tine Regenmortel & Tineke A. Abma - 2012 - Health Care Analysis (1):1-21.
    Many older people in western countries express a desire to live independently and stay in control of their lives for as long as possible in spite of the afflictions that may accompany old age. Consequently, older people require care at home and additional support. In some care situations, tension and ambiguity may arise between professionals and clients whose views on risk prevention or health promotion may differ. Following Antonovsky’s salutogenic framework, different perspectives between professionals and clients on the (...)
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  25.  5
    Power, Transparency and Control: Hong Kong People's Adaptations to Life. [REVIEW]Joseph Y. S. Cheng - 2011 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 24 (2):163-177.
    This paper attempts to examine how the concepts of power, transparency and control are perceived in the life of ordinary Hong Kong people, and how the latter have been adapting to their perceptions and evaluations. The 2008 global financial tsunami and its aftermath will likely have a serious impact on their values. Hong Kong people’s experiences may in some ways represent those of modern men, especially those in East Asia. Democracy is premised on the ideal that life is (...)
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  26.  2
    Understanding Civic Engagement Among Young Roma and Young Turkish People in Turkey.Ayşenur Ataman, Figen Çok & Tülin Şener - 2012 - Human Affairs 22 (3):419-433.
    Although a number of aspects of earlier experiences correlate with later civic engagement , the role of different factors in driving the level of young people’s engagement is not clearly understood. This qualitative study set out to understand those factors in Turkey. Eight focus groups were conducted with 55 young Roma and Turkish people, with different groups being conducted according to participants’ ethnicity, gender and age . Analysis revealed specific themes in terms of the political and civic engagement (...)
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  27.  2
    Are Old People Merited Veterans of Society? Some Notes on a Problematic Claim.Håkan Jönson & Magnus Nilsson - 2007 - Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 9 (2):28-43.
    The article shows how merit has been used to highlight pensioners as a special population in the claims-making activities of the senior rights movement in Sweden, as well as in debates about issues concerning old age. Simply put, merit refers to the claim that pensioners have built the society and they are entitled to special treatment – for instance welfare, reverence – for this reason. Merit is concluded to be a rhetorical tool with the potential of countering images of older (...)
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  28.  1
    Rituais Fúnebres em memórias de velhos (Funeral rituals in old people memories) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n24p1112. [REVIEW]Marisete Teresinha Hoffmann-Horochovski & José Miguel Rasia - 2011 - Horizonte 9 (24):1113-1130.
    Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Este artigo discute as mudanças e permanências que caracterizam o universo simbólico da morte, especialmente no tocante aos rituais fúnebres. O intuito principal é perceber como esses rituais foram se modificando significativamente na sociedade brasileira das últimas décadas do século XX, principalmente nos centros urbanos. Para tanto, investigamos memórias de idosos com sessenta e cinco anos ou mais, socializados no catolicismo e residentes em Curitiba/PR, colhidas por meio da história oral. (...)
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  29. Priority, Not Equality, for Possible People.Jacob M. Nebel - 2017 - Ethics 127 (4):896-911.
    How should we choose between uncertain prospects in which different possible people might exist at different levels of wellbeing? Alex Voorhoeve and Marc Fleurbaey offer an egalitarian answer to this question. I give some reasons to reject their answer and then sketch an alternative, which I call person-affecting prioritarianism.
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  30.  18
    Moral Choice and the Declining Influence of Traditional Value Orientations Within the Financial Sector of a Rapidly Developing Region of the People's Republic of China.Gordon Francis Woodbine - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 55 (1):43 - 60.
    This paper describes the results of a field experiment involving 400 employees from ten financial institutions operating within the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone of the Peoples Republic of China. It was found that, when faced with an agency-based problem, employees indicated they would be less inclined to advise management of the existence of unethical work practices. Younger employees without supervisory experience displayed significant risk aversion. Traditional Chinese values associated with Confucian work dynamism, were shown to be poor predictors of moral (...)
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  31.  4
    Young People's Experiences of Participation in Clinical Trials: Reasons for Taking Part.Malou Luchtenberg, Els Maeckelberghe, Louise Locock, Lesley Powell & A. A. Eduard Verhagen - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (11):3-13.
    Given the lack of knowledge about safety and efficacy of many treatments for children, pediatric clinical trials are important, but recruitment for pediatric research is difficult. Little is known about children's perspective on participating in trials. The purpose of this study was to understand the experiences and motivations of young people who took part in clinical trials. This is a qualitative interview study of 25 young people aged 10–23 who were invited to take part in clinical trials. Interviews (...)
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  32.  44
    Review of The Non-Identity Problem and the Ethics of Future People[REVIEW]Molly Gardner - 2015 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
  33.  56
    How Real People Believe: Reason and Belief in God.Kelly James Clark - 2010 - In Science and Religion in Dialogue. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 479--499.
    This chapter contains sections titled: * Introduction * The Demand for Evidence * Belief Begins with Trust * Reid on Human Cognitive Faculties * Reid and Rationality * The God Faculty * Reason and Belief in God * Conclusion * Notes * Bibliography.
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    Indeterminate People.Hugh Chandler - 1985 - Analysis 45 (3):141-145.
    Here is the paper that was attacked by George Rea in his “How many minds…?” paper. Has this issue been resolved? Can there be entities such that there is no definite answer to the question “Are there 13 minds at work here, or 14?” -/- .
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  35. The Intentionality of Desire and the Intentions of People.J. E. Cheney - 1978 - Mind 87 (October):517-532.
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  36.  1
    Achieving Changes in Practice From National Audit: National Audit of the Organization of Services for Falls and Bone Health in Older People.Janet Husk - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (6):974-978.
  37.  11
    People of the Land: A Pacific Philosophy.John Patterson - 2000 - Dunmore Press.
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  38.  2
    National Audit of Continence Care for Older People: Results of a Pilot Study.Adrian Wagg, Sarah Mian, Derek Lowe & Jonathan Potter - 2005 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (6):525-532.
  39.  9
    Comparison of Tools for the Assessment of Inappropriate Prescribing in Hospitalized Older People.Ruoyin Luo, Claire Scullin, Andrea M. P. Mullan, Michael G. Scott & James C. McElnay - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (6):1196-1202.
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  40.  4
    User-Centred Design of Communication Environments and Systems for Disabled People.Margherita Pillan & Fiammetta Costa - 2009 - Knowledge, Technology and Policy 22 (4):265-273.
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  41.  1
    A Before and After Study of the Impact of Specialist Workers for Older People.K. Fletcher & J. Mant - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (2):335-340.
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  42. God is ...: Dialogues on the Nature of God for Young People.Kenneth E. Bailey - 1976 - Mandate Press.
  43. Why Open-Minded People Should Endorse Dogmatism.Chris Tucker - 2010 - Philosophical Perspectives 24 (1):529-545.
    Open-minded people should endorse dogmatism because of its explanatory power. Dogmatism holds that, in the absence of defeaters, a seeming that P necessarily provides non-inferential justification for P. I show that dogmatism provides an intuitive explanation of four issues concerning non-inferential justification. It is particularly impressive that dogmatism can explain these issues because prominent epistemologists have argued that it can’t address at least two of them. Prominent epistemologists also object that dogmatism is absurdly permissive because it allows a seeming (...)
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  44.  56
    On the People's Terms: A Republican Theory and Model of Democracy.Philip Pettit (ed.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    According to republican theory, we are free persons to the extent that we are protected and secured in the same fundamental choices, on the same public basis, as one another. But there is no public protection or security without a coercive state. Does this mean that any freedom we enjoy is a superficial good that presupposes a deeper, political form of subjection? Philip Pettit addresses this crucial question in On the People's Terms. He argues that state coercion will not (...)
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  45.  11
    Causal Models: How People Think About the World and its Alternatives.Steven Sloman - 2005 - Oup Usa.
    This book offers a discussion about how people think, talk, learn, and explain things in causal terms in terms of action and manipulation. Sloman also reviews the role of causality, causal models, and intervention in the basic human cognitive functions: decision making, reasoning, judgement, categorization, inductive inference, language, and learning.
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  46. What Do People Find Incompatible With Causal Determinism?Adam Bear & Joshua Knobe - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (8):2025-2049.
    Four studies explored people's judgments about whether particular types of behavior are compatible with determinism. Participants read a passage describing a deterministic universe, in which everything that happens is fully caused by whatever happened before it. They then assessed the degree to which different behaviors were possible in such a universe. Other participants evaluated the extent to which each of these behaviors had various features. We assessed the extent to which these features predicted judgments about whether the behaviors were (...)
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  47.  26
    Rationality and the Genetic Challenge: Making People Better?Matti Häyry - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Seven ways of making people better; 2. Rational approaches to the genetic challenge; 3. The best babies and parental responsibility; 4. Deaf embryos, morality, and the law; 5. Saviour siblings and treating people as a means; 6. Reproductive cloning and designing human beings; 7. Embryonic stem cells, vulnerability, and sanctity; 8. Gene therapies, hopes, and fears; 9. Considerable life extension and the meaning of life; 10. Taking the genetic challenge rationally.
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  48. How to Allocate Scarce Health Resources Without Discriminating Against People with Disabilities.Tyler John, Joseph Millum & David Wasserman - 2016 - Economics and Philosophy:1-26.
    One widely used method for allocating health care resources involves the use of cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) to rank treatments in terms of quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) gained. CEA has been criticized for discriminating against people with disabilities by valuing their lives less than those of non-disabled people. Avoiding discrimination seems to lead to the ’QALY trap’: we cannot value saving lives equally and still value raising quality of life. This paper reviews existing responses to the QALY trap and argues (...)
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  49. From Uncaused Will to Conscious Choice: The Need to Study, Not Speculate About People’s Folk Concept of Free Will.Andrew E. Monroe & Bertram F. Malle - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (2):211-224.
    People’s concept of free will is often assumed to be incompatible with the deterministic, scientific model of the universe. Indeed, many scholars treat the folk concept of free will as assuming a special form of nondeterministic causation, possibly the notion of uncaused causes. However, little work to date has directly probed individuals’ beliefs about what it means to have free will. The present studies sought to reconstruct this folk concept of free will by asking people to define the (...)
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  50. Priority or Equality for Possible People?Alex Voorhoeve & Marc Fleurbaey - 2016 - Ethics 126 (July):929-954.
    Suppose that you must make choices that may influence the well-being and the identities of the people who will exist, though not the number of people who will exist. How ought you to choose? This paper answers this question. It argues that the currency of distributive ethics in such cases is a combination of an individual’s final well-being and her expected well-being conditional on her existence. It also argues that this currency should be distributed in an egalitarian, rather (...)
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