Results for 'People with disabilities'

998 found
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  1.  19
    Health Care Treatment Decision-Making Guidelines for Adults with Developmental Disabilities.Bioethics Center Midwest & Institute for Human Development Task Force on Health Care for Adults with Developmental Disabilities - 1996 - Bioethics Forum 12 (3):S - 1.
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  2.  76
    Nanoscale Science and Technology and People with Disabilities in Asia: An Ability Expectation Analysis. [REVIEW]Gregor Wolbring & Natalie Ball - 2012 - NanoEthics 6 (2):127-135.
    Science and technology, including nanoscale science and technology, influences and is influenced by various discourses and areas of action. Ableism is one concept and ability expectation is one dynamic that impacts the direction, vision, and application of nanoscale science and technology and vice versa. At the same time, policy documents that involve or relate to disabled people exhibit ability expectations of disabled people. The authors present ability expectations exhibited within two science and technology direction documents from Asia, as (...)
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  3. How to Allocate Scarce Health Resources Without Discriminating Against People with Disabilities.Tyler M. John, Joseph Millum & David Wasserman - 2017 - Economics and Philosophy 33 (2):161-186.
    One widely used method for allocating health care resources involves the use of cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) to rank treatments in terms of quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) gained. CEA has been criticized for discriminating against people with disabilities by valuing their lives less than those of non-disabled people. Avoiding discrimination seems to lead to the ’QALY trap’: we cannot value saving lives equally and still value raising quality of life. This paper reviews existing responses to the QALY trap (...)
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  4.  66
    Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities: National and International Perspectives by Arie Rimmerman: New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.Andrzej Klimczuk - 2015 - Human Rights Review 16 (4):397-399.
    A. Klimczuk, Book review: A. Rimmerman, "Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities: National and International Perspectives", New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013, "Human Rights Review" Vol. 16, Iss. 4 2015, pp. 397-399.
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  5.  20
    Examination of Existing Arguments on Business Oriented Towards Poverty Reduction with the Case of People with Disabilities in Vietnam.Nghia Chi Nguyen - 2013 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 2 (2):147-161.
    With an eye ultimately to answering the question of how business can alleviate poverty completely, the paper examines existing arguments about the approach of business to poverty reduction with the case of people with disabilities living in poverty in Vietnam. The paper suggests that business should take the knowledge and potential of poor people into consideration in its interfaces with different types of poor people: consumers, workers, property owners, etc. Furthermore, investigating how (...)
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  6. Preventing the Existence of People with Disabilities.Ruth Chang - unknown
    It is commonly held that there are both cases in which there is a strong moral reason not to cause the existence of a disabled person and cases in which, although it would be permissible to cause a disabled person to exist, it would be better not to. Yet many disabled people are affronted by the idea that it is sometimes better to prevent people like themselves from existing, precisely because these people would be disabled. One of (...)
     
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  7.  2
    The Dynamics of Euphemisation in Legal Language: An Analysis of Legal Terms Referring to People with Disabilities Used in Poland and Spain.Joanna Nowak-Michalska - 2020 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 33 (3):559-580.
    Socio-political developments can result in a change of perception of people with disabilities and increase sensitivity towards language, especially legal language, used in relation to them. Some terms perceived as offensive or stigmatising are rejected in favour of more neutral and inclusive ones. Such terms can often be categorised as euphemisms or orthophemisms. With the passage of time, such new words frequently cease to serve their purpose and new ones need to be proposed to refer to (...)
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  8. Natural Deficiency or Social Oppression? The Capabilities Approach to Justice for People with Disabilities.Linda Barclay - 2012 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (4):500-520.
    Theories of distributive justice are often criticised for either excluding people with disabilities from the domain of justice altogether, or casting them as deficient in personal attributes. I argue that the capabilities approach to justice is largely immune to these flaws. It has the conceptual resources to locate most of the causes of disadvantage in the interaction between a person and her environment and in doing so can characterise the disadvantages of disability in a way that avoids (...)
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  9. Does Cost Effectiveness Analysis Unfairly Discriminate Against People with Disabilities?Greg Bognar - 2010 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (4):394-408.
    Cost effectiveness analysis is a tool for evaluating the aggregate benefits of medical treatments, health care services, and public health programs. Its opponents often claim that its use leads to unfair discrimination against people with disabilities. My aim in this paper is to clarify the conditions under which this might be so. I present some ways in which the use of cost effectiveness analysis can lead to discrimination and suggest why these forms of discrimination may be unfair. (...)
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  10.  48
    Just Regionalisation: Rehabilitating Care for People with Disabilities and Chronic Illnesses. [REVIEW]Barbara Secker, Maya J. Goldenberg, Barbara Gibson, Frank Wagner, Bob Parke, Jonathan Breslin, Alison Thompson, Jonathan Lear & Peter Singer - 2006 - BMC Medical Ethics 7 (1):1-13.
    Background Regionalised models of health care delivery have important implications for people with disabilities and chronic illnesses yet the ethical issues surrounding disability and regionalisation have not yet been explored. Although there is ethics-related research into disability and chronic illness, studies of regionalisation experiences, and research directed at improving health systems for these patient populations, to our knowledge these streams of research have not been brought together. Using the Canadian province of Ontario as a case study, we (...)
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  11.  62
    Deciding Against Disability: Does the Use of Reproductive Genetic Technologies Express Disvalue for People with Disabilities?J. Malek - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (4):217-221.
    This paper focuses on one objection to the use of reproductive genetic technologies (RGTs): the argument known as the expressivist objection. According to this argument, the choice to use reproductive genetic technologies to prevent the birth of individuals with disabilities is an expression of disvalue for existing people with disability. Many have been persuaded by this impassioned perspective. This paper shows that this argument is misguided and so does not constitute a sound objection to the use (...)
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  12. How an Ideology of Pity Is a Social Harm to People with Disabilities.Joseph A. Stramondo - 2010 - Social Philosophy Today 26:121-134.
    In academic philosophy and popular culture alike, pity is often framed as a virtue or the emotional underpinnings of virtue. Yet, people who are the most marginalized and, hence, most often on the receiving end of pity, assert that it is anything but an altruism. How can we explain this disconnect between an understanding of pity as a virtuous emotion versus a social harm? My paper answers this question by showing how pity is not only an emotion, but also (...)
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  13.  16
    How an Ideology of Pity Is a Social Harm to People with Disabilities.Joseph A. Stramondo - 2010 - Social Philosophy Today 26:121-134.
    In academic philosophy and popular culture alike, pity is often framed as a virtue or the emotional underpinnings of virtue. Yet, people who are the most marginalized and, hence, most often on the receiving end of pity, assert that it is anything but an altruism. How can we explain this disconnect between an understanding of pity as a virtuous emotion versus a social harm? My paper answers this question by showing how pity is not only an emotion, but also (...)
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  14.  30
    Ethical Values in Personal Assistance: Narratives of People with Disabilities.Barbro Wadensten & Gerd Ahlström - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (6):759-774.
    The aim of this study was to investigate the experiences of persons with severe functional disabilities who receive personal assistance in their homes, the focus being on their daily life in relation to the ethical principles represented in the Swedish Disability Act: autonomy, integrity, influence and participation. Qualitative interviews were performed with 26 persons and thereafter subjected to qualitative latent content analysis. The experiences of personal assistance were very much in accordance with the said principles, the (...)
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  15.  17
    Confucian Philosophy and Contemporary Chinese Societal Attitudes Toward People with Disabilities and Inclusive Education.Yuexin Zhang & Sandra Rosen - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 50 (12):1113-1123.
    This article focuses on the Chinese traditional culture, specifically Confucian philosophy, and analyses four core concepts of Confucianism which include ‘ren’, ‘Jun zi’, ‘Tian ming’, and ‘Xiao ti’. Based on these core concepts, this study explores how social attitudes in China toward people with disabilities are formed and influenced by Confucian philosophy, and how they impact the education of people with disabilities. It suggests that the related social attitudes of sympathy, rights awareness, and criteria (...)
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  16.  36
    Employment and People with Disabilities.Mari Kondo - 2007 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:174-178.
    This paper investigates one aspect of corporate social responsibility, incorporating diversity, especially the employment of people with disabilities in Japan. Where literature on incorporating diversity through the inclusion of minorities in Japan is concerned, a reasonable number exists that focus on gender and women managers. In contrast, very scant literature (in English) exists on the employment of people with disabilities in Japan. This paper will try to fill the gap.
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  17.  55
    Teaching To/By/About People with Disabilities: Introduction.Anita Silvers - 2007 - Teaching Philosophy 30 (4):341-344.
    To some students with disabilities who take philosophy classes, and even to some professors with disabilities who teach philosophy, the discipline is not welcoming. Philosophical theory traditionally recognizes so-called normal people and common modes of functioning but seems to ignore or disparage biologically anomalous individuals. The adequacy of our epistemological and ethical philosophies is a pressing reason for us to acknowledge disability in philosophical theorizing. And there are equally pressing reasons to acknowledge that students (...) various kinds of disabilities are members of our classes. In this special issue of Teaching Philosophy the authors reflect on how disability is engaged with in their philosophy classrooms for and by their students, and in the philosophy they teach. (shrink)
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  18. Assistive Technology, Telecare and People with Intellectual Disabilities: Ethical Considerations.J. Perry, S. Beyer & S. Holm - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (2):81-86.
    Increasingly, commissioners and providers of services for people with intellectual disabilities are turning to assistive technology and telecare as a potential solution to the problem of the increased demand for services, brought about by an expanding population of people with intellectual disabilities in the context of relatively static or diminishing resources. While there are numerous potential benefits of assistive technology and telecare, both for service providers and service users, there are also a number of (...)
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  19.  14
    Privacy Challenges in Smart Homes for People with Dementia and People with Intellectual Disabilities.Fiachra O’Brolcháin & Bert Gordijn - 2019 - Ethics and Information Technology 21 (3):253-265.
    The aim of this paper is to analyse the ethical issues relating to privacy that arise in smart homes designed for people with dementia and for people with intellectual disabilities. We outline five different conceptual perspectives on privacy and detail the ways in which smart home technologies may violate residents’ privacy. We specify these privacy threats in a number of areas and under a variety of conceptions of privacy. Furthermore, we illustrate that informed consent may (...)
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  20.  20
    The Struggle for Dignity by People with Severe Functional Disabilities.Barbro Wadensten & Gerd Ahlström - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (4):453-465.
    The purpose of this study was to investigate what strategies people with severe functional disabilities who receive personal assistance in their homes use in their daily life to achieve autonomy, integrity, influence and participation. Qualitative interviews were carried out and subjected to qualitative latent content analysis. The main finding was expressed in terms of six subthemes: trying to keep a private sphere; striving to communicate; searching for possibilities; taking the initiative; striving to gain insight; and using one's (...)
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  21.  2
    Attitudes of Czech Primary School Pupils Towards People with Intellectual Disabilities: The Role of Experience and Participant Demographics.Jakub Pivarč - forthcoming - Educational Studies:1-20.
    This research study aimed to identify and analyse attitudes of Czech primary school pupils towards people with intellectual disabilities. In total 2295 pupils aged 10 to 15 years participated...
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  22.  12
    The Leopard Has Changed Its Spots: Experiences of Different Ways in Which Staff Support People with Learning Disabilities.Daniel Alex Docherty & Melanie Jane Chapman - 2013 - Ethics and Social Welfare 7 (3):277-281.
    This paper contrasts the personal experiences of a man with learning disabilities and autism with staff in two different settings: a long-stay institution for people with learning disabilities, and the community. These experiences highlight some of the potential personal, professional and ethical conflicts facing staff working in learning disability services.
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  23.  9
    Ethics in Caregiving Services for People with Serious Intellectual Disabilities.Begoña Román - 2010 - Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 1 (1):121-142.
    This article questions the reason behind ethics in caregiving services for people with serious intellectual disabilities, the reasons changes have taken place in medicine, in the kinds of illnesses, social changes and changes in how hospitality is envisioned, which lead us to reconsider the usual way of doing things, the traditional morals on which their treatment has been based. However, the traditional ways of dealing with those disabled individuals have also become obsolete and are ethically reproachable: (...)
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  24.  12
    Vignette Selection for Ethical Reflections: A Selection Procedure for Vignettes to Investigate Staff Reflections on the Ethical Challenges in Interaction with People with Intellectual Disabilities.May Østby & Stål Bjørkly - 2011 - Ethics and Social Welfare 5 (3):277-295.
    Care staff in Norway usually work in the private homes of people with intellectual disabilities. Staff experience ethical challenges daily in their interactions with their clients. The aim of this paper is to introduce a vignette validation procedure for selection of practice-close vignettes that can be used to elicit and explore staff reflections on ethical challenges in their work. Staff participants were recruited from different municipalities in one county of Norway. To develop vignettes with good (...)
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  25.  9
    Goodies and Baddies: Equivocal Thoughts About Families Using an Autoethnographic Approach to Explore Some Tensions Between Service Providers and Families of People with Learning Disabilities.Sue Dumbleton - 2013 - Ethics and Social Welfare 7 (3):282-292.
    This paper will explore the power of history in affecting contemporary caring practice. Drawing on the author's personal experience as a social worker, researcher and parent of a daughter with learning disabilities, the article will consider the ways in which the experience of (and to an extent, nostalgia for) the ?heady days? of de-institutionalisation continues to influence staff perceptions about their work. In doing so, this article will critique normative notions of choice and control that are at the (...)
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  26.  78
    Reconciling Equality to Difference: Caring (F)or Justice for People with Disabilities.Anita Silvers - 1995 - Hypatia 10 (1):30 - 55.
    A feminist ethics that bases morality on dependence or vulnerability challenges the moral priority of uniform over disparate treatment. Persons with disabilities resist equality's homogenization of moral personhood. But displacing equality in favor of caring or trust reprises the repression of those already marginalized. The ethics of difference proves an ineffective remedy for the negative consequences attendant on how historically marginalized groups are different. An historicized conception of equality resolves the dilemma.
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  27.  12
    Stability of Autobiographical Memory in Young People with Intellectual Disabilities.Claudia Morales, Antonio L. Manzanero, Alina Wong, Mar Gómez-Gutiérrez, Ana M. Iglesias, Susana Barón & Miguel Álvarez - 2017 - Anuario de Psicología Jurídica 27 (1):79-84.
    The present study aimed to analyze the stability of the memory of a stressful event over time in young people with mild or moderate intellectual disability. The results show a stability of the memory of what happened an hour and a week after the event in relation to the people involved, the apparatus used, and the parts of the body explored. No interaction effects were found between the stability of memory over time and the level of intellectual (...)
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  28.  31
    Paying for Sex—Only for People with Disabilities?Brian D. Earp & Ole Martin Moen - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (1):54-56.
  29.  4
    Breaking the Sounds of Silence: Respecting People With Disabilities and Reproductive Decision Making.Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):37-39.
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  30.  18
    A Burden From Birth? Non‐Invasive Prenatal Testing and the Stigmatization of People with Disabilities.Giovanni Rubeis & Florian Steger - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (1):91-97.
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  31.  19
    Caring for People with Disabilities: An Ethics of Respect.Kevin Mintz & David Wasserman - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (1):44-45.
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  32.  6
    Discrimination Against People with Disabilities in Accessing Microfinance.Debashis Sarker - 2020 - Alter: revue de phénoménologie 14 (4):318-328.
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  33.  24
    Consumers’ Loyalty Related to Labor Inclusion of People with Disabilities.Marta González & José Luis Fernández - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  34.  70
    Book Review: A. Rimmerman, "Social Inclusion of People with Disabilities: National and International Perspectives", New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013. [REVIEW]Andrzej Klimczuk - 2015 - Human Rights Review 16 (4):1--3.
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  35.  2
    People With Disabilities in COVID-19: Fixing Our Priorities.Maya Sabatello, Scott D. Landes & Katherine E. McDonald - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):187-190.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 187-190.
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  36.  27
    Have Working-Age People with Disabilities Shared in the Gains of Massachusetts Health Reform?John Gettens, Monika Mitra, Alexis D. Henry & Jay Himmelstein - 2011 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 48 (3):183-196.
  37.  3
    Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intention Among People With Disabilities Working in Special Employment Centers: The Moderation Effect of Organizational Commitment.Marina Romeo, Montserrat Yepes-Baldó & Claudia Lins - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  38.  10
    A Possible Application of Care-Based Ethics to People with Disabilities During a Pandemic.E. G. Howe - 2010 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (4):275-283.
  39.  18
    Medical Decision Making and People with Disabilities: A Clash of Cultures.Paul K. Longmore - 1995 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 23 (1):82-87.
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  40.  8
    Flexibility and Visibility. An Examination of the Narratives of Norwegian People with Disabilities About Working Part-Time.Janikke Solstad Vedeler & Cecilie Høj Anvik - forthcoming - Alter: revue de phénoménologie.
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  41.  5
    Medical Decision Making and People with Disabilities: A Clash of Cultures.Paul K. Longmore - 1995 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 23 (1):82-87.
  42. Ethical Constraints on Allowing or Causing the Existence of People with Disabilities.David Wasserman - 2009 - In Kimberley Brownlee & Adam Cureton (eds.), Disability and Disadvantage. Oxford University Press. pp. 319-51.
  43.  15
    People with Disabilities.Anita Silvers - 2003 - In LaFollette H. (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 300--318.
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  44.  9
    A Voice for People with Disabilities in the Prenatal Screening Debate.Gillian Bricher - 1999 - Nursing Inquiry 6 (1):65-67.
  45.  6
    Creating Capabilities for Societal Participation in Times of Welfare State Change? Experiences of People with Disabilities in Finland.Elisabeth Hästbacka & Mikael Nygård - 2019 - Alter: revue de phénoménologie 13 (1):15-28.
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  46.  7
    A Functional Approach to Assessing the Impact of Health Interventions on People with Disabilities.Daniel Mont & Mitchell Loeb - 2010 - Alter: revue de phénoménologie 4 (3):159-173.
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  47.  14
    One Person at a Time: Citizen Advocacy for People with Disabilities, by Adam Hildebrand.Dan Leroy - 2006 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 6 (1):182-184.
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  48.  10
    Expanding Opportunities for People with Disabilities.Yvette Pearson - 2014 - Journal of Philosophy, Science and Law 14:1-3.
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  49.  5
    Barriers and Facilitators to Societal Participation of People with Disabilities: A Scoping Review of Studies Concerning European Countries.Elisabeth Hästbacka, Mikael Nygård & Fredrica Nyqvist - 2016 - Alter: revue de phénoménologie 10 (3):201-220.
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  50.  7
    Radical Dependence and the Imago Dei: Bioethical Implications of Access to Healthcare for People with Disabilities.Iozzio Mary Jo - 2017 - Christian Bioethics 23 (3):234-260.
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