Results for 'Peripheral Nervous System'

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  1.  52
    The peripheral mind: philosophy of mind and the peripheral nervous system.István Aranyosi - 2013 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    Philosophers of mind, both in the conceptual analysis tradition and in the empirical informed school, have been implicitly neglecting the potential conceptual role of the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) in understanding sensory and perceptual states. Instead, the philosophical as well as the neuroscientific literature has been assuming that it is the Central Nervous System (CNS) alone, and more exactly the brain, that should prima facie be taken as conceptually and empirically crucial for a philosophical analysis (...)
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  2.  23
    Molecular signaling mechanisms of axon–glia communication in the peripheral nervous system.Tamara Grigoryan & Walter Birchmeier - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (5):502-513.
    In this article we discuss the molecular signaling mechanisms that coordinate interactions between Schwann cells and the neurons of the peripheral nervous system. Such interactions take place perpetually during development and in adulthood, and are critical for the homeostasis of the peripheral nervous system (PNS). Neurons provide essential signals to control Schwann cell functions, whereas Schwann cells promote neuronal survival and allow efficient transduction of action potentials. Deregulation of neuron–Schwann cell interactions often results in (...)
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  3.  10
    The Peripheral Mind. Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System by István Aranyosi.Renata Ziemińska - 2013 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 18 (2):263-269.
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  4.  9
    Co-transmitters, modulation, and the peripheral nervous system.Leslie L. Iversen - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):430-430.
  5.  8
    The Slowest Shared Resonance: A Review of Electromagnetic Field Oscillations Between Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems. [REVIEW]Asa Young, Tam Hunt & Marissa Ericson - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Electromagnetic field oscillations produced by the brain are increasingly being viewed as causal drivers of consciousness. Recent research has highlighted the importance of the body’s various endogenous rhythms in organizing these brain-generated fields through various types of entrainment. We expand this approach by examining evidence of extracerebral shared oscillations between the brain and other parts of the body, in both humans and animals. We then examine the degree to which these data support one of General Resonance Theory’s principles: the Slowest (...)
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  6.  37
    Does the nervous system depend on kinesthetic information to control natural limb movements?S. C. Gandevia & David Burke - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):614-632.
    This target article draws together two groups of experimental studies on the control of human movement through peripheral feedback and centrally generated signals of motor commands. First, during natural movement, feedback from muscle, joint, and cutaneous afferents changes; in human subjects these changes have reflex and kinesthetic consequences. Recent psychophysical and microneurographic evidence suggests that joint and even cutaneous afferents may have a proprioceptive role. Second, the role of centrally generated motor commands in the control of normal movements and (...)
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  7.  45
    Out on a limb? On multiple cognitive systems within the octopus nervous system.Sidney Carls-Diamante - 2019 - Philosophical Psychology 32 (4):463-482.
    The idea that there can be only one cognitive system within any single given cognitive organism is an established albeit implicit one within cognitive science and related studies of the mind. The firm foothold of this notion is due largely to the immense corpus of empirical evidence for the correlation of a high level of cognitive sophistication with a centralized nervous system. However, it must be pointed out that these findings are sourced in large part from studies (...)
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  8.  23
    B-Afferents: A fundamental division of the nervous system mediating homeostasis?James C. Prechtl & Terry L. Powley - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):289-300.
    The peripheral nervous system has classically been separated into a somatic division composed of both afferent and efferent pathways and an autonomic division containing only efferents. J. N. Langley, who codified this asymmetrical plan at the beginning of the twentieth century, considered different afferents, including visceral ones, as candidates for inclusion in his concept of the “autonomic nervous system”, but he finally excluded all candidates for lack of any distinguishing histological markers. Langley's classification has been (...)
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  9.  14
    Does central nervous system plasticity contribute to hyperalgesia?Corey L. Cleland & G. F. Gebhart - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):444-445.
    Hyperalgesia can arise from peripheral sensitization, on-going peripheral activation, and central plasticity. In the target article, coderre & katz argue that all three mechanisms contribute to hyperalgesia. In contrast, we believe that existing experimental evidence suggests that central plasticity plays only an insignificant role in most experimental models and clinical presentations of hyperalgesia induced by tissue injury or chemical activation of sensory receptors.
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  10.  13
    The cellular and molecular events of central nervous system remyelination.Monique Dubois-Dalcq & Regina Armstrong - 1990 - Bioessays 12 (12):569-576.
    Central nervous system (CNS)Abbreviations: CNS=central nervous system; PNS=peripheral nervous system; MS=multiple sclerosis; MBP=myelin basic protein; MHC=major histocompatibility complex; EAE=experimental allergic encephalomyelitis; O‐2A=oligodendrocyte‐type 2 astrocyte; GC=galactocerebroside; GFAP=glial fibrillary acidic protein; FGF=fibroblast growth factor; IGF1=insulin‐like growth factor. regeneration is a subject of great interest, particularly in diseases causing a dramatic loss of neurons. However, some CNS diseases do not affect neurons but damage other cells, such as the myelin‐forming cells — called oligodendrocytes — which are (...)
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  11. Margins of Me: A Personal Story (Chapter 1 of The Peripheral Mind).István Aranyosi - 2013 - In István Aranyosi (ed.), The peripheral mind: philosophy of mind and the peripheral nervous system. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    The author presents an autobiographical story of serious peripheral motor nerve damage resulting from chemotoxicity induced as a side effect of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma treatment. The first-person, phenomenological account of the condition naturally leads to philosophical questions about consciousness, felt presence of oneself all over and within one’s body, and the felt constitutiveness of peripheral processes to one’s mental life. The first-person data only fit well with a philosophical approach to the mind that takes peripheral, bodily events and (...)
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  12. Toward a Well-Innervated Philosophy of Mind (Chapter 4 of The Peripheral Mind).István Aranyosi - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
    The “brain in a vat” thought experiment is presented and refuted by appeal to the intuitiveness of what the author informally calls “the eye for an eye principle”, namely: Conscious mental states typically involved in sensory processes can conceivably successfully be brought about by direct stimulation of the brain, and in all such cases the utilized stimulus field will be in the relevant sense equivalent to the actual PNS or part of it thereof. In the second section, four classic problems (...)
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  13.  14
    Role of macrophages in peripheral nerve degeneration and repair.V. H. Perry & M. C. Brown - 1992 - Bioessays 14 (6):401-406.
    A cut or crush injury to a peripheral nerve results in the degeneration of that portion of the axon isolated from the cell body. The rapid degeneration of this distal segment was for many years believed to be a process intrinsic to the nerve. It was believed that Schwann cells both phagocytosed degenerating axons and myelin sheaths and also provided growth factors to promote regeneration of the damaged axons. In recent years, it has become apparent that the degenerating distal (...)
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  14.  52
    Psychosocial correlates of peripheral vegetative activity and coordination.Miguel Angel Gandarillas - 2011 - Revista Aletheia 35:211-230.
    O presente estudo examinou a relação entre aspectos psicossociais e padrões de reação fisiológica (frequência cardíaca, pressão arterial, condução cutânea e medidas respiratórias) para quatro tipos de contingências operantes (recompensa, extinção, punição e evitação) registrados durante um teste de ..
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  15.  14
    How fish color their skin: A paradigm for development and evolution of adult patterns.Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard & Ajeet Pratap Singh - 2017 - Bioessays 39 (3):1600231.
    Pigment cells in zebrafish − melanophores, iridophores, and xanthophores − originate from neural crest‐derived stem cells associated with the dorsal root ganglia of the peripheral nervous system. Clonal analysis indicates that these progenitors remain multipotent and plastic beyond embryogenesis well into metamorphosis, when the adult color pattern develops. Pigment cells share a lineage with neuronal cells of the peripheral nervous system; progenitors propagate along the spinal nerves. The proliferation of pigment cells is regulated by (...)
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  16. The nervous system as physical machine: With special reference to the origin of adaptive behaviour.W. R. Ashby - 1947 - Mind 56 (January):44-59.
  17.  10
    A Bond Graph Model of the Cardiovascular System.V. Rolle, A. I. Hernandez, P. Y. Richard, J. Buisson & G. Carrault - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (4):295-312.
    The study of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) function has shown to provide useful indicators for risk stratification and early detection on a variety of cardiovascular pathologies. However, data gathered during different tests of the ANS are difficult to analyse, mainly due to the complex mechanisms involved in the autonomic regulation of the cardiovascular system (CVS). Although model-based analysis of ANS data has been already proposed as a way to cope with this complexity, only a few models (...)
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  18.  57
    A bond graph model of the cardiovascular system.V. Le Rolle, A. I. Hernandez, P. Y. Richard, J. Buisson & G. Carrault - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (4):295-312.
    The study of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) function has shown to provide useful indicators for risk stratification and early detection on a variety of cardiovascular pathologies. However, data gathered during different tests of the ANS are difficult to analyse, mainly due to the complex mechanisms involved in the autonomic regulation of the cardiovascular system (CVS). Although model-based analysis of ANS data has been already proposed as a way to cope with this complexity, only a few models (...)
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  19.  92
    Autonomic Nervous System Activity During Positive Emotions: A Meta-Analytic Review.Maciej Behnke, Sylvia D. Kreibig, Lukasz D. Kaczmarek, Mark Assink & James J. Gross - 2022 - Emotion Review 14 (2):132-160.
    Emotion Review, Volume 14, Issue 2, Page 132-160, April 2022. Autonomic nervous system activity is a fundamental component of emotional responding. It is not clear, however, whether positive emotional states are associated with differential ANS reactivity. To address this issue, we conducted a meta-analytic review of 120 articles, measuring ANS activity during 11 elicited positive emotions, namely amusement, attachment love, awe, contentment, craving, excitement, gratitude, joy, nurturant love, pride, and sexual desire. We identified a widely dispersed collection of (...)
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  20.  20
    Autonomic Nervous System Response Patterns of Test-Anxious Individuals to Evaluative Stress.Wenjun Bian, Xiaocong Zhang & Yunying Dong - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Test anxiety is a widespread and primarily detrimental emotion in learning and achievement settings. This research aimed to explore the autonomic nervous system response patterns of test-anxious individuals in response to evaluative stress. By presenting a standard interview task, an evaluative scenario was effectively induced. Heart rate variability, a biomarker that can accurately reflect the ANS activity, was used to reflect the physiological responses of 48 high test-anxious subjects and 49 low test-anxious subjects. Results indicate that: both groups (...)
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  21.  18
    A Bond Graph Model of the Cardiovascular System.V. Rolle, A. Hernandez, P. Richard, J. Buisson & G. Carrault - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (4):295-312.
    The study of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) function has shown to provide useful indicators for risk stratification and early detection on a variety of cardiovascular pathologies. However, data gathered during different tests of the ANS are difficult to analyse, mainly due to the complex mechanisms involved in the autonomic regulation of the cardiovascular system (CVS). Although model-based analysis of ANS data has been already proposed as a way to cope with this complexity, only a few models (...)
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  22.  31
    The nervous system/behavior interface: Levels of organization and levels of approach.Paul Grobstein - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (3):380-381.
  23. Autonomic nervous system.Gary G. Berntson, Martin Sarter & John T. Cacioppo - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
     
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  24.  78
    Sympathetic nervous system and pain: A clinical reappraisal.Helmut Blumberg, Ulrike Hoffmann, Mohsen Mohadjer & Rudolf Scheremet - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):426-434.
    The target article discusses various aspects of the relationship between the sympathetic system and pain. To this end, the patients under study are divided into three groups. In the first group, called (RSD), the syndrome can be characterized by a triad of autonomic, motor, and sensory symptoms, which occur in a distally generalized distribution. The pain is typically felt deeply and diffusely, has an orthostatic component, and is suppressed by the ischemia test. Under those circumstances, the pain is likely (...)
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  25.  13
    Autonomic Nervous System and Recall Modeling in Audiovisual Emotion-Mediated Advertising Using Partial Least Squares-Path Modeling.Óscar Barquero-Pérez, Miguel Angel Cámara-Vázquez, Alba Vadillo-Valderrama & Rebeca Goya-Esteban - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  26.  8
    The Nervous System.Sander L. Gilman - 1992
    Based on anthropological fieldwork in Australia and Colombia, this collection of essays uses the workings of the human nervous system to illustrate concepts of culture.
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  27.  18
    Nervous system modification by transplants and gene transfer.Laurie C. Doering - 1994 - Bioessays 16 (11):825-831.
    New possibilities to modify function and direct repair in the central nervous system (CNS) have been established by the merger of gene transfer technology with neural transplantation. Rapid advances in viral‐mediated DNA‐delivery procedures permit the study of novel gene expression in neurons and glial cells. Foreign genes, transferred by a virus vector, can be used to generate new cell lines, identify transplanted cells, and express growth factors or enzymes for neurotransmitter synthesis. In addition to CNS cell types, non‐neural (...)
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  28.  36
    Autonomic nervous system correlates in movement observation and motor imagery.C. Collet, F. Di Rienzo, N. El Hoyek & A. Guillot - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  29.  11
    Nervous systems: art, systems, and politics since the 1960s.Johanna Gosse, Tim Stott & Judith F. Rodenbeck (eds.) - 2021 - Durham: Duke University Press.
    The contributors to Nervous Systems reassess contemporary artists' and critics' engagement with social, political, biological, and other systems as a set of complex and relational parts: an approach commonly known as systems thinking. Demonstrating the continuing relevance of systems aesthetics within contemporary art, the contributors highlight the ways that artists adopt systems thinking to address political, social, and ecological anxieties. They cover a wide range of artists and topics, from the performances of the Argentinian collective the Rosario Group and (...)
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  30.  10
    Autonomic Nervous System Response to Psychosocial Stress in Anorexia Nervosa: A Cross-Sectional and Controlled Study.Ileana Schmalbach, Benedict Herhaus, Sebastian Pässler, Sarah Runst, Hendrik Berth, Silvia Wolff, Bjarne Schmalbach & Katja Petrowski - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    To foster understanding in the psychopathology of patients with anorexia nervosa at the psychological and physiological level, standardized experimental studies on reliable biomarkers are needed, especially due to the lack of disorder-specific samples. To this end, the autonomic nervous system response to a psychosocial stressor was investigated in n = 19 PAN, age, and gender-matched to n = 19 healthy controls. For this purpose, heart rate and heart rate variability parameters were assessed in a cross-sectional study design under (...)
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  31. Homing in on consciousness in the nervous system: An action-based synthesis.Ezequiel Morsella, Christine A. Godwin, Tiffany K. Jantz, Stephen C. Krieger & Adam Gazzaley - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:1-70.
    What is the primary function of consciousness in the nervous system? The answer to this question remains enigmatic, not so much because of a lack of relevant data, but because of the lack of a conceptual framework with which to interpret the data. To this end, we have developed Passive Frame Theory, an internally coherent framework that, from an action-based perspective, synthesizes empirically supported hypotheses from diverse fields of investigation. The theory proposes that the primary function of consciousness (...)
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  32. Consciousness provides the nervous system with coherent, globally distributed information.B. J. Baars - 1983 - In Richard J. Davidson, Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum. pp. 101.
  33.  31
    Conscious contents provide the nervous system with coherent, global information.Bernard J. Baars - 1983 - In Richard J. Davidson, Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum. pp. 41--79.
  34. Autonomic Nervous System Responses During Perception of Masked Speech may Reflect Constructs other than Subjective Listening Effort.Alexander L. Francis, Megan K. MacPherson, Bharath Chandrasekaran & Ann M. Alvar - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  35.  52
    Distributed Nervous System, Disunified Consciousness?: A Sensorimotor Integrationist Account of Octopus Consciousness.B. van Woerkum - 2020 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 27 (1-2):149-172.
    What is it like to be an octopus, one of those eight-armed, infinitely flexible sea creatures with a nervous system distributed over head, eyes and arms? One interesting approach is to argue that octopuses, because of their distributed nervous systems, are likely to possess disunified consciousness (Carls-Diamante 2017). However, this supposed isomorphism between a “unified” nervous system and “unified” consciousness is problematic, since the term “unity” is taken as a “given” even though it is far (...)
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  36.  42
    The Autonomic Nervous System and Emotion.Robert W. Levenson - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (2):100-112.
    In many evolutionary/functionalist theories, emotions organize the activity of the autonomic nervous system and other physiological systems. Two kinds of patterned activity are discussed: coherence, and specificity. For each kind of patterning, significant methodological obstacles are considered that need to be overcome before empirical studies can adequately test theories and resolve controversies. Finally, links that coherence and specificity have with health and well-being are considered.
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  37.  20
    How does the nervous system control the equilibrium trajectory?S. V. Adamovich - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):704-705.
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  38. The Nervous System and the Mind.Charles Mercier - 1888 - Mind 13 (50):263-268.
     
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  39.  26
    The nervous system in development and evolution.Eva Jablonka - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (6):687-689.
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  40.  59
    Does the nervous system use equilibrium-point control to guide single and multiple joint movements?E. Bizzi, N. Hogan, F. A. Mussa-Ivaldi & S. Giszter - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):603-613.
  41.  25
    Events in Early Nervous System Evolution.Michael G. Paulin & Joseph Cahill-Lane - 2021 - Topics in Cognitive Science 13 (1):25-44.
    Paulin and Cahill‐Lane explore the origins of event processing and event prediction in animal evolution. They propose that the evolutionary benefit of being able to predict and thus to quickly react to anticipated events may have triggered the evolution of the earliest nervous systems.
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  42.  32
    The nervous system, psychological fact or fiction?Jacob Robert Kantor - 1922 - Journal of Philosophy 19 (2):38-49.
  43.  40
    Sympathetic nervous system and pain: Phenomenological diversity.William J. Roberts - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):463-464.
    This commentary on blumberg et al. addresses complications associated with diagnostic testing for sympathetic dependence of pain that can lead to inappropriate positive and negative conclusions. In addition, it is suggested that their test be conceived as a test of the effect of local vascular pressure and that the two types of sensory disorders presented may differ primarily in the degree of sensitization of central pain pathways. Detailed reports with functionally-oriented testing like that done by BLUMBERG are essential for an (...)
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  44. Noise from the Periphery in Autism.Maria Brincker & Elizabeth B. Torres - 2013 - Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience 7:34.
    No two individuals with the autism diagnosis are ever the same—yet many practitioners and parents can recognize signs of ASD very rapidly with the naked eye. What, then, is this phenotype of autism that shows itself across such distinct clinical presentations and heterogeneous developments? The “signs” seem notoriously slippery and resistant to the behavioral threshold categories that make up current assessment tools. Part of the problem is that cognitive and behavioral “abilities” typically are theorized as high-level disembodied and modular functions—that (...)
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  45.  40
    Synaptic function in the nervous system: A theory and its application.John Dempsher - 1979 - Acta Biotheoretica 28 (2):75-97.
    The objective of this paper is to present a new theory of synaptic function in the nervous system. The basis for this theory is the experimental demonstration that a nerve impulse assumes five different forms as it advances through the synaptic region, and that five basic mathematical operations have been identified as being involved in the transformation of one form into another form. As a result of these data, the synaptic region is regarded as a functional unit where (...)
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  46.  72
    Emotion, core affect, and psychological construction.James A. Russell - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (7):1259-1283.
    As an alternative to using the concepts of emotion, fear, anger, and the like as scientific tools, this article advocates an approach based on the concepts of core affect and psychological construction, expanding the domain of inquiry beyond “emotion”. Core affect is a neurophysiological state that underlies simply feeling good or bad, drowsy or energised. Psychological construction is not one process but an umbrella term for the various processes that produce: (a) a particular emotional episode's “components” (such as facial movement, (...)
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  47.  61
    The Union of Two Nervous Systems: Neurophenomenology, Enkinaesthesia, and the Alexander Technique.S. A. J. Stuart - 2013 - Constructivist Foundations 8 (3):314-323.
    Context: Neurophenomenology is a relatively new field, with scope for novel and informative approaches to empirical questions about what structural parallels there are between neural activity and phenomenal experience. Problem: The overall aim is to present a method for examining possible correlations of neurodynamic and phenodynamic structures within the structurally-coupled work of Alexander Technique practitioners with their pupils. Method: This paper includes the development of an enkinaesthetic explanatory framework, an overview of the salient aspects of the Alexander Technique, and the (...)
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  48.  10
    Alternative polyadenylation in the nervous system: To what lengths will 3′ UTR extensions take us?Pedro Miura, Piero Sanfilippo, Sol Shenker & Eric C. Lai - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (8):766-777.
    Alternative cleavage and polyadenylation (APA) can diversify coding and non‐coding regions, but has particular impact on increasing 3′ UTR diversity. Through the gain or loss of regulatory elements such as RNA binding protein and microRNA sites, APA can influence transcript stability, localization, and translational efficiency. Strikingly, the central nervous systems of invertebrate and vertebrate species express a broad range of transcript isoforms bearing extended 3′ UTRs. The molecular mechanism that permits proximal 3′ end bypass in neurons is mysterious, and (...)
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  49.  30
    Basic function in the nervous system - a unified theory.John Dempsher - 1982 - Acta Biotheoretica 31 (3):185-202.
    A new theory for basic function in the nervous system has recently been proposed (Dempsher, J., 1979a, 1979b; 1980, 1981). The major basic themes of the new theory are as follows: (1) There are two fundamental units of structure and function, the fibre or conducting mechanism, and the neurocentre, where nervous system function as we know it takes place. (2) The nerve impulse is regarded as a mathematical event. The mathematics is the result of a prescribed (...)
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  50.  5
    Notch signaling in the nervous system. Pieces still missing from the puzzle.Nicholas E. Baker - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (3):264.
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