Results for 'Peripheral Nervous System'

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  1.  29
    The Peripheral Mind: Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System.István Aranyosi - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Philosophers of mind, both in the conceptual analysis tradition and in the empirical informed school, have been implicitly neglecting the potential conceptual role of the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) in understanding sensory and perceptual states. Instead, the philosophical as well as the neuroscientific literature has been assuming that it is the Central Nervous System (CNS) alone, and more exactly the brain, that should prima facie be taken as conceptually and empirically crucial for a philosophical analysis (...)
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  2.  11
    Molecular Signaling Mechanisms of Axon-Glia Communication in the Peripheral Nervous System.Tamara Grigoryan & Walter Birchmeier - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (5):502-513.
    In this article we discuss the molecular signaling mechanisms that coordinate interactions between Schwann cells and the neurons of the peripheral nervous system. Such interactions take place perpetually during development and in adulthood, and are critical for the homeostasis of the peripheral nervous system (PNS). Neurons provide essential signals to control Schwann cell functions, whereas Schwann cells promote neuronal survival and allow efficient transduction of action potentials. Deregulation of neuron–Schwann cell interactions often results in (...)
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  3.  1
    The Peripheral Mind. Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System by István Aranyosi.Renata Ziemińska - 2013 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 18 (2):263-269.
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  4.  1
    Co-Transmitters, Modulation, and the Peripheral Nervous System.Leslie L. Iversen - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):430.
  5. Head, Rivers and Sherren on The Afferent Nervous System From a New Aspect, and Head and Sherron on The Consequences of Injury to the Peripheral Nerves in Man. [REVIEW]Shepherd Ivory Franz - 1906 - Journal of Philosophy 3 (10):271.
     
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  6. Head, Rivers and Sherren on The Afferent Nervous System From a New Aspect, and Head and Sherron on The Consequences of Injury to the Peripheral Nerves in Man.Shepherd Ivory Franz - 1906 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 3 (10):271.
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  7. Margins of Me: A Personal Story (Chapter 1 of The Peripheral Mind).István Aranyosi - forthcoming - In The Peripheral Mind. Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System. Oxford University Press.
    The author presents an autobiographical story of serious peripheral motor nerve damage resulting from chemotoxicity induced as a side effect of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma treatment. The first-person, phenomenological account of the condition naturally leads to philosophical questions about consciousness, felt presence of oneself all over and within one’s body, and the felt constitutiveness of peripheral processes to one’s mental life. The first-person data only fit well with a philosophical approach to the mind that takes peripheral, bodily events and (...)
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  8. Toward a Well-Innervated Philosophy of Mind (Chapter 4 of The Peripheral Mind).István Aranyosi - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
    The “brain in a vat” thought experiment is presented and refuted by appeal to the intuitiveness of what the author informally calls “the eye for an eye principle”, namely: Conscious mental states typically involved in sensory processes can conceivably successfully be brought about by direct stimulation of the brain, and in all such cases the utilized stimulus field will be in the relevant sense equivalent to the actual PNS or part of it thereof. In the second section, four classic problems (...)
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  9.  1
    Does Central Nervous System Plasticity Contribute to Hyperalgesia?Corey L. Cleland & G. F. Gebhart - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):444-445.
    Hyperalgesia can arise from peripheral sensitization, on-going peripheral activation, and central plasticity. In the target article, coderre & katz argue that all three mechanisms contribute to hyperalgesia. In contrast, we believe that existing experimental evidence suggests that central plasticity plays only an insignificant role in most experimental models and clinical presentations of hyperalgesia induced by tissue injury or chemical activation of sensory receptors.
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  10.  27
    Sympathetic Nervous System and Pain: A Clinical Reappraisal.Helmut Blumberg, Ulrike Hoffmann, Mohsen Mohadjer & Rudolf Scheremet - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):426-434.
    The target article discusses various aspects of the relationship between the sympathetic system and pain. To this end, the patients under study are divided into three groups. In the first group, called (RSD), the syndrome can be characterized by a triad of autonomic, motor, and sensory symptoms, which occur in a distally generalized distribution. The pain is typically felt deeply and diffusely, has an orthostatic component, and is suppressed by the ischemia test. Under those circumstances, the pain is likely (...)
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  11.  88
    The Nervous System as Physical Machine: With Special Reference to the Origin of Adaptive Behaviour.W. R. Ashby - 1947 - Mind 56 (January):44-59.
  12.  3
    The Autonomic Nervous System as a Factor in the Psychogalvanic Reflex.W. D. O'Leary - 1932 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (6):767.
  13.  2
    Experimental Studies of Two Important Factors Underlying Masculine Sexual Behavior: The Nervous System and the Internal Secretion of the Testis.C. P. Stone - 1923 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 6 (2):85.
  14.  6
    Rethinking the Role of the Nervous System: Lessons From the Hydra Holobiont.Alexander V. Klimovich & Thomas C. G. Bosch - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (9):1800060.
    Here we evaluate our current understanding of the function of the nervous system in Hydra, a non‐bilaterian animal which is among the first metazoans that contain neurons. We highlight growing evidence that the nervous system, with its rich repertoire of neuropeptides, is involved in controlling resident beneficial microbes. We also review observations that indicate that microbes affect the animal's behavior by directly interfering with neuronal receptors. These findings provide new insight into the original role of the (...)
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  15. Homing in on Consciousness in the Nervous System: An Action-Based Synthesis.Ezequiel Morsella, Christine A. Godwin, Tiffany K. Jantz, Stephen C. Krieger & Adam Gazzaley - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:1-70.
    What is the primary function of consciousness in the nervous system? The answer to this question remains enigmatic, not so much because of a lack of relevant data, but because of the lack of a conceptual framework with which to interpret the data. To this end, we have developed Passive Frame Theory, an internally coherent framework that, from an action-based perspective, synthesizes empirically supported hypotheses from diverse fields of investigation. The theory proposes that the primary function of consciousness (...)
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  16.  34
    The Autonomic Nervous System and Dretske on Phenomenal Consciousness.Dan Ryder - manuscript
    Title page Representational theories propose a set of sufficient conditions for a state to be phenomenally conscious. It turns out that insofar as these conditions have been worked out in detail, the autonomic nervous system (ANS) ought to be conscious - but of course it’s not. In this paper, we’ll describe only a tiny portion of the complexities of the ANS, using these to counterexample only a single theory of phenomenal consciousness, namely, Fred Dretske’s. But we think the (...)
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  17.  19
    Interplay Between Scientific Theories and Researches on the Diseases of the Nervous System in the Nineteenth-Century, Paris.Jean-Gaël Barbara - 2009 - Medicine Studies 1 (4):339-352.
    In this paper, my aim is to understand the origin of experimental and scientific models of pathogeny of the diseases of the nervous system in the Salpêtrière (Paris). I will analyse the role of the contexts of cell theory, microscopy and the advances in histological techniques in the creation of various pathogenic models, based on the concept of the cell, the Wallerian degeneration and the neurone concept. I argue that, as medicine and pathology remain autonomous in their methods (...)
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  18.  15
    Basic Function in the Nervous System - a Unified Theory.John Dempsher - 1982 - Acta Biotheoretica 31 (3):185-202.
    A new theory for basic function in the nervous system has recently been proposed (Dempsher, J., 1979a, 1979b; 1980, 1981). The major basic themes of the new theory are as follows: (1) There are two fundamental units of structure and function, the fibre or conducting mechanism, and the neurocentre, where nervous system function as we know it takes place. (2) The nerve impulse is regarded as a mathematical event. The mathematics is the result of a prescribed (...)
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  19.  13
    A Bio-Physical Basis of Mathematics in Synaptic Function of the Nervous System: A Theory.John Dempsher - 1980 - Acta Biotheoretica 29 (3-4):119-127.
    The purpose of this paper is to present a bio-physical basis of mathematics. The essence of the theory is that function in the nervous system is mathematical. The mathematics arises as a result of the interaction of energy (a wave with a precise curvature in space and time) and matter (a molecular or ionic structure with a precise form in space and time). In this interaction, both energy and matter play an active role. That is, the interaction results (...)
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  20.  16
    Synaptic Function in the Nervous System: A Theory and its Application.John Dempsher - 1979 - Acta Biotheoretica 28 (2):75-97.
    The objective of this paper is to present a new theory of synaptic function in the nervous system. The basis for this theory is the experimental demonstration that a nerve impulse assumes five different forms as it advances through the synaptic region, and that five basic mathematical operations have been identified as being involved in the transformation of one form into another form. As a result of these data, the synaptic region is regarded as a functional unit where (...)
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  21.  13
    Integration of Function in the Nervous System — a New Theory.John Dempsher - 1979 - Acta Biotheoretica 28 (4):283-302.
    A new theory of synaptic function in the nervous system (Dempsher, 1978) is applied to the simplest system for integration of function in the nervous system. This system includes a sensory and motor neuron and three synaptic regions associated with those two neurons; a receptor region, an interneuronal spinal synaptic region linking the two neurons, and an effector region.Information is first received and processed at the receptor region. The processing consists of five components:1. A (...)
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  22.  5
    Neuro-Technical Interfaces to the Central Nervous System.Thomas Stieglitz - 2006 - Poiesis and Praxis 4 (2):95-109.
    Neuro-technical interfaces are technical devices that bridge the electronic world to neurons with the objective to establish a long term stable contact for bidirectional information exchange. What does that mean in detail and to what kind of machine and for what purpose should the central nervous system, i.e. the brain, be connected? Science fiction literature and movies offer a tremendous variety of usually uncomfortable scenarios including cyborg and robocop super-humans and mass control. Do these implants change the psyche (...)
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  23.  1
    Fez Family Transcription Factors: Controlling Neurogenesis and Cell Fate in the Developing Mammalian Nervous System.Matthew J. Eckler & Bin Chen - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (8):788-797.
    Fezf1 and Fezf2 are highly conserved transcription factors that were first identified by their specific expression in the anterior neuroepithelium of Xenopus and zebrafish embryos. These proteins share an N‐terminal domain with homology to the canonical engrailed repressor motif and a C‐terminal DNA binding domain containing six C2H2 zinc‐finger repeats. Over a decade of study indicates that the Fez proteins play critical roles during nervous system development in species as diverse as fruit flies and mice. Herein we discuss (...)
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  24.  7
    What Muscle Variable Does the Nervous System Control in Limb Movements?R. B. Stein - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):535.
  25. Time and the Nervous System.William Gooddy - 1988
     
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  26.  56
    The Controversy on Stain Technologies — an Experimental Reexamination of the Dispute on the Cellular Nature of the Nervous System Around 1900.Olaf Breidbach - 1996 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (2):195 - 212.
    The controversy of neuroanatomy on the principal structure of the nervous systems, which took place at the end of the nineteenth century, is described. Two groups of scientists are identified: one that favoured the idea of a discrete cellular organization of the nervous tissue, and one that favoured a syncytial organization. These two interpretations arose from different histological techniques that produced conflicting pictures of the organization of the nervous tissue. In an experimental reexamination of the techniques used (...)
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  27.  11
    On the Existence and the Role of Chaotic Processes in the Nervous System.B. Doyon - 1992 - Acta Biotheoretica 40 (2-3):113-119.
    Chaos theory is a rapidly growing field. As a technical term, chaos refers to deterministic but unpredictable processes being sensitively dependent upon initial conditions. Neurobiological models and experimental results are very complicated and some research groups have tried to pursue the neuronal chaos. Babloyantz's group has studied the fractal dimension (d) of electroencephalograms (EEG) in various physiological and pathological states. From deep sleep (d=4) to full awakening (d>8), a hierarchy of strange attractors paralles the hierarchy of states of consciousness. In (...)
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  28. Consciousness Provides the Nervous System with Coherent, Globally Distributed Information.B. J. Baars - 1983 - In Richard J. Davidson, Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum. pp. 101.
  29.  10
    Does the Nervous System Depend on Kinesthetic Information to Control Natural Limb Movements?S. C. Gandevia & David Burke - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15:614-614.
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  30.  21
    Does the Nervous System Use Equilibrium-Point Control to Guide Single and Multiple Joint Movements?E. Bizzi, N. Hogan, F. A. Mussa-Ivaldi & S. Giszter - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):603-613.
  31. How Does the Nervous System Control the Equilibrium Trajectory?S. V. Adamovich - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):704-705.
     
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  32.  3
    The Autonomic Nervous System and Emotion.R. W. Levenson - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (2):100-112.
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  33.  1
    Synchronization of the Mammalian Circadian Timing System: Light Can Control Peripheral Clocks Independently of the SCN Clock.Jana Husse, Gregor Eichele & Henrik Oster - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (10):1119-1128.
    A vast network of cellular circadian clocks regulates 24‐hour rhythms of behavior and physiology in mammals. Complex environments are characterized by multiple, and often conflicting time signals demanding flexible mechanisms of adaptation of endogenous rhythms to external time. Traditionally this process of circadian entrainment has been conceptualized in a hierarchical scheme with a light‐reset master pacemaker residing in the hypothalamus that subsequently aligns subordinate peripheral clocks with each other and with external time. Here we review new experiments using conditional (...)
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  34.  5
    The Nervous System/Behavior Interface: Levels of Organization and Levels of Approach.Paul Grobstein - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (3):380.
  35.  5
    Free Will, Subjectivity and the Physics of the Nervous System.Mauro Ceroni & Giovanni Maria Prosperi - 2018 - Open Journal of Philosophy 8 (3):317-341.
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  36.  15
    Conscious Contents Provide the Nervous System with Coherent, Global Information.Bernard J. Baars - 1983 - In Richard J. Davidson, Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum. pp. 41--79.
  37.  3
    The Command Function Concept in Studies of the Primate Nervous System.James C. Lynch - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):31.
  38. Autonomic Nervous System Correlates in Movement Observation and Motor Imagery.C. Collet, F. Di Rienzo, N. El Hoyek & A. Guillot - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  39.  22
    Emotion's Response Patterns: The Brain and the Autonomic Nervous System.P. J. Lang - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (2):93-99.
  40.  1
    Auditory Driving of the Autonomic Nervous System: Listening to Theta-Frequency Binaural Beats Post-Exercise Increases Parasympathetic Activation and Sympathetic Withdrawal.Patrick A. McConnell, Brett Froeliger, Eric L. Garland, Jeffrey C. Ives & Gary A. Sforzo - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  41. Autonomic Nervous System Responses During Perception of Masked Speech May Reflect Constructs Other Than Subjective Listening Effort.Alexander L. Francis, Megan K. MacPherson, Bharath Chandrasekaran & Ann M. Alvar - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  42.  20
    Toward a Model of Functional Brain Processes II: Central Nervous System Functional Macro-Architecture.Mark H. Bickhard - 2015 - Axiomathes 25 (4):377-407.
    The first paper in this pair developed a model of the nature of representation and cognition, and argued for a model of the micro-functioning of the brain on the basis of that model. In this sequel paper, starting with part III, this model is extended to address macro-functioning in the CNS. In part IV, I offer a discussion of an approach to brain functioning that has some similarities with, as well as differences from, the model presented here: sometimes called the (...)
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  43.  17
    Toward a Model of Functional Brain Processes I: Central Nervous System Functional Micro-Architecture.Mark H. Bickhard - 2015 - Axiomathes 25 (3):217-238.
    Standard semantic information processing models—information in; information processed; information out —lend themselves to standard models of the functioning of the brain in terms, e.g., of threshold-switch neurons connected via classical synapses. That is, in terms of sophisticated descendants of McCulloch and Pitts models. I argue that both the cognition and the brain sides of this framework are incorrect: cognition and thought are not constituted as forms of semantic information processing, and the brain does not function in terms of passive input (...)
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  44.  7
    Cardiovascular and Nervous System Changes During Meditation.Steven R. Steinhubl, Nathan E. Wineinger, Sheila Patel, Debra L. Boeldt, Geoffrey Mackellar, Valencia Porter, Jacob T. Redmond, Evan D. Muse, Laura Nicholson, Deepak Chopra & Eric J. Topol - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  45.  11
    Temporal Coding in the Visual Cortex: New Vistas on Integration in the Nervous System.Andreas K. Engel, P. Kreiter Konig & Schillen A. K. - 1992 - Trends in Neurosciences 15:218-26.
  46.  13
    Consciousness, the Sense Organs, and the Nervous System.Frederick J. E. Woodbridge - 1909 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 6 (17):449-455.
  47. The Placebo Response: Its Putative Role as a Functional Salutogenic Mechanism of the Central Nervous System.Richard L. Kradin - 2004 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (3):328-338.
  48.  81
    Metabolism of the Nervous System Edited by Derek Richter.L. G. Abood - 1959 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 2 (3):377-377.
  49.  3
    Alternative Polyadenylation in the Nervous System: To What Lengths Will 3′ UTR Extensions Take Us?Pedro Miura, Piero Sanfilippo, Sol Shenker & Eric C. Lai - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (8):766-777.
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  50. The Elementary Nervous System.G. H. Parker - 1919 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 16 (26):719-720.
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