Results for 'Peripheral Nervous System'

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  1.  40
    The Peripheral Mind: Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System.István Aranyosi - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Philosophers of mind, both in the conceptual analysis tradition and in the empirical informed school, have been implicitly neglecting the potential conceptual role of the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) in understanding sensory and perceptual states. Instead, the philosophical as well as the neuroscientific literature has been assuming that it is the Central Nervous System (CNS) alone, and more exactly the brain, that should prima facie be taken as conceptually and empirically crucial for a philosophical analysis (...)
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  2.  18
    Molecular Signaling Mechanisms of Axon-Glia Communication in the Peripheral Nervous System.Tamara Grigoryan & Walter Birchmeier - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (5):502-513.
    In this article we discuss the molecular signaling mechanisms that coordinate interactions between Schwann cells and the neurons of the peripheral nervous system. Such interactions take place perpetually during development and in adulthood, and are critical for the homeostasis of the peripheral nervous system (PNS). Neurons provide essential signals to control Schwann cell functions, whereas Schwann cells promote neuronal survival and allow efficient transduction of action potentials. Deregulation of neuron–Schwann cell interactions often results in (...)
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  3.  4
    The Peripheral Mind. Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System by István Aranyosi.Renata Ziemińska - 2013 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 18 (2):263-269.
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  4.  4
    Co-Transmitters, Modulation, and the Peripheral Nervous System.Leslie L. Iversen - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):430-430.
  5.  25
    Out on a Limb? On Multiple Cognitive Systems Within the Octopus Nervous System.Sidney Carls-Diamante - 2019 - Philosophical Psychology 32 (4):463-482.
    ABSTRACTThe idea that there can be only one cognitive system within any single given cognitive organism is an established albeit implicit one within cognitive science and related studies of the mind. The firm foothold of this notion is due largely to the immense corpus of empirical evidence for the correlation of a high level of cognitive sophistication with a centralized nervous system. However, it must be pointed out that these findings are sourced in large part from studies (...)
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  6.  6
    Head, Rivers and Sherren on The Afferent Nervous System From a New Aspect, and Head and Sherron on The Consequences of Injury to the Peripheral Nerves in Man.Shepherd Ivory Franz - 1906 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 3 (10):271.
  7.  16
    B-Afferents: A Fundamental Division of the Nervous System Mediating Homeostasis?James C. Prechtl & Terry L. Powley - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):289-300.
    The peripheral nervous system has classically been separated into a somatic division composed of both afferent and efferent pathways and an autonomic division containing only efferents. J. N. Langley, who codified this asymmetrical plan at the beginning of the twentieth century, considered different afferents, including visceral ones, as candidates for inclusion in his concept of the “autonomic nervous system”, but he finally excluded all candidates for lack of any distinguishing histological markers. Langley's classification has been (...)
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  8.  8
    Does Central Nervous System Plasticity Contribute to Hyperalgesia?Corey L. Cleland & G. F. Gebhart - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):444-445.
    Hyperalgesia can arise from peripheral sensitization, on-going peripheral activation, and central plasticity. In the target article, coderre & katz argue that all three mechanisms contribute to hyperalgesia. In contrast, we believe that existing experimental evidence suggests that central plasticity plays only an insignificant role in most experimental models and clinical presentations of hyperalgesia induced by tissue injury or chemical activation of sensory receptors.
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  9. Toward a Well-Innervated Philosophy of Mind (Chapter 4 of The Peripheral Mind).István Aranyosi - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
    The “brain in a vat” thought experiment is presented and refuted by appeal to the intuitiveness of what the author informally calls “the eye for an eye principle”, namely: Conscious mental states typically involved in sensory processes can conceivably successfully be brought about by direct stimulation of the brain, and in all such cases the utilized stimulus field will be in the relevant sense equivalent to the actual PNS or part of it thereof. In the second section, four classic problems (...)
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  10. Margins of Me: A Personal Story (Chapter 1 of The Peripheral Mind).István Aranyosi - forthcoming - In The Peripheral Mind. Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System. Oxford University Press.
    The author presents an autobiographical story of serious peripheral motor nerve damage resulting from chemotoxicity induced as a side effect of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma treatment. The first-person, phenomenological account of the condition naturally leads to philosophical questions about consciousness, felt presence of oneself all over and within one’s body, and the felt constitutiveness of peripheral processes to one’s mental life. The first-person data only fit well with a philosophical approach to the mind that takes peripheral, bodily events and (...)
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  11.  51
    Psychosocial Correlates of Peripheral Vegetative Activity and Coordination.Miguel Angel Gandarillas - 2011 - Revista Aletheia 35:211-230.
    O presente estudo examinou a relação entre aspectos psicossociais e padrões de reação fisiológica (frequência cardíaca, pressão arterial, condução cutânea e medidas respiratórias) para quatro tipos de contingências operantes (recompensa, extinção, punição e evitação) registrados durante um teste de ..
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  12.  48
    A Bond Graph Model of the Cardiovascular System.V. Le Rolle, A. I. Hernandez, P. Y. Richard, J. Buisson & G. Carrault - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (4):295-312.
    The study of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) function has shown to provide useful indicators for risk stratification and early detection on a variety of cardiovascular pathologies. However, data gathered during different tests of the ANS are difficult to analyse, mainly due to the complex mechanisms involved in the autonomic regulation of the cardiovascular system (CVS). Although model-based analysis of ANS data has been already proposed as a way to cope with this complexity, only a few models (...)
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  13.  20
    The Nervous System/Behavior Interface: Levels of Organization and Levels of Approach.Paul Grobstein - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (3):380-381.
  14. The Nervous System as Physical Machine: With Special Reference to the Origin of Adaptive Behaviour.W. R. Ashby - 1947 - Mind 56 (January):44-59.
  15.  18
    Autonomic Nervous System Correlates in Movement Observation and Motor Imagery.C. Collet, F. Di Rienzo, N. El Hoyek & A. Guillot - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  16. Does the Nervous System Depend on Kinesthetic Information to Control Natural Limb Movements?S. C. Gandevia & David Burke - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15:614-614.
     
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  17.  12
    The Autonomic Nervous System and Emotion.Robert W. Levenson - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (2):100-112.
    In many evolutionary/functionalist theories, emotions organize the activity of the autonomic nervous system and other physiological systems. Two kinds of patterned activity are discussed: coherence, and specificity. For each kind of patterning, significant methodological obstacles are considered that need to be overcome before empirical studies can adequately test theories and resolve controversies. Finally, links that coherence and specificity have with health and well-being are considered.
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  18. Consciousness Provides the Nervous System with Coherent, Globally Distributed Information.B. J. Baars - 1983 - In Richard J. Davidson, Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum. pp. 101.
  19.  3
    Autonomic Nervous System Responses During Perception of Masked Speech May Reflect Constructs Other Than Subjective Listening Effort.Alexander L. Francis, Megan K. MacPherson, Bharath Chandrasekaran & Ann M. Alvar - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  20.  23
    Conscious Contents Provide the Nervous System with Coherent, Global Information.Bernard J. Baars - 1983 - In Richard J. Davidson, Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum. pp. 41--79.
  21.  44
    Does the Nervous System Use Equilibrium-Point Control to Guide Single and Multiple Joint Movements?E. Bizzi, N. Hogan, F. A. Mussa-Ivaldi & S. Giszter - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):603-613.
  22.  56
    Moving and Sensing Without Input and Output: Early Nervous Systems and the Origins of the Animal Sensorimotor Organization.Fred Keijzer - 2015 - Biology and Philosophy 30 (3):311-331.
    It remains a standing problem how and why the first nervous systems evolved. Molecular and genomic information is now rapidly accumulating but the macroscopic organization and functioning of early nervous systems remains unclear. To explore potential evolutionary options, a coordination centered view is discussed that diverges from a standard input–output view on early nervous systems. The scenario involved, the skin brain thesis, stresses the need to coordinate muscle-based motility at a very early stage. This paper addresses how (...)
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  23. The Nervous System and the Mind.Charles Mercier - 1888 - Mind 13 (50):263-268.
     
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  24.  57
    The Union of Two Nervous Systems: Neurophenomenology, Enkinaesthesia, and the Alexander Technique.S. A. J. Stuart - 2013 - Constructivist Foundations 8 (3):314-323.
    Context: Neurophenomenology is a relatively new field, with scope for novel and informative approaches to empirical questions about what structural parallels there are between neural activity and phenomenal experience. Problem: The overall aim is to present a method for examining possible correlations of neurodynamic and phenodynamic structures within the structurally-coupled work of Alexander Technique practitioners with their pupils. Method: This paper includes the development of an enkinaesthetic explanatory framework, an overview of the salient aspects of the Alexander Technique, and the (...)
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  25.  5
    How Does the Nervous System Control the Equilibrium Trajectory?S. V. Adamovich - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):704-705.
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  26.  9
    The Elementary Nervous System.G. H. Parker - 1919 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 16 (26):719-720.
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  27. Noise From the Periphery in Autism.Maria Brincker & Elizabeth B. Torres - 2013 - Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience 7:34.
    No two individuals with the autism diagnosis are ever the same—yet many practitioners and parents can recognize signs of ASD very rapidly with the naked eye. What, then, is this phenotype of autism that shows itself across such distinct clinical presentations and heterogeneous developments? The “signs” seem notoriously slippery and resistant to the behavioral threshold categories that make up current assessment tools. Part of the problem is that cognitive and behavioral “abilities” typically are theorized as high-level disembodied and modular functions—that (...)
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  28. Homing in on Consciousness in the Nervous System: An Action-Based Synthesis.Ezequiel Morsella, Christine A. Godwin, Tiffany K. Jantz, Stephen C. Krieger & Adam Gazzaley - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:1-70.
    What is the primary function of consciousness in the nervous system? The answer to this question remains enigmatic, not so much because of a lack of relevant data, but because of the lack of a conceptual framework with which to interpret the data. To this end, we have developed Passive Frame Theory, an internally coherent framework that, from an action-based perspective, synthesizes empirically supported hypotheses from diverse fields of investigation. The theory proposes that the primary function of consciousness (...)
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  29.  5
    Events in Early Nervous System Evolution.Michael G. Paulin & Joseph Cahill-Lane - 2021 - Topics in Cognitive Science 13 (1):25-44.
    Topics in Cognitive Science, Volume 13, Issue 1, Page 25-44, January 2021.
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  30.  13
    The Legal Ambiguity of Advanced Assistive Bionic Prosthetics: Where to Define the Limits of ‘Enhanced Persons’ in Medical Treatment.Tyler L. Jaynes - 2021 - Clinical Ethics 16 (3):171-182.
    The rapid advancement of artificial intelligence systems has generated a means whereby assistive bionic prosthetics can become both more effective and practical for the patients who rely upon the use of such machines in their daily lives. However, de lege lata remains relatively unspoken as to the legal status of patients whose devices contain self-learning CIS that can interface directly with the peripheral nervous system. As a means to reconcile for this lack of legal foresight, this article (...)
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  31.  30
    Synaptic Function in the Nervous System: A Theory and its Application.John Dempsher - 1979 - Acta Biotheoretica 28 (2):75-97.
    The objective of this paper is to present a new theory of synaptic function in the nervous system. The basis for this theory is the experimental demonstration that a nerve impulse assumes five different forms as it advances through the synaptic region, and that five basic mathematical operations have been identified as being involved in the transformation of one form into another form. As a result of these data, the synaptic region is regarded as a functional unit where (...)
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  32.  20
    What Muscle Variable Does the Nervous System Control in Limb Movements?R. B. Stein - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):535-541.
  33.  39
    Cardiovascular and Nervous System Changes During Meditation.Steven R. Steinhubl, Nathan E. Wineinger, Sheila Patel, Debra L. Boeldt, Geoffrey Mackellar, Valencia Porter, Jacob T. Redmond, Evan D. Muse, Laura Nicholson, Deepak Chopra & Eric J. Topol - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  34.  11
    Emotion and the Autonomic Nervous System: Introduction to the Special Section.Robert W. Levenson - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (2):91-92.
    In many evolutionary/functionalist theories, emotions organize the activity of the autonomic nervous system and other physiological systems. Two kinds of patterned activity are discussed: coherence, and specificity. For each kind of patterning, significant methodological obstacles are considered that need to be overcome before empirical studies can adequately test theories and resolve controversies. Finally, links that coherence and specificity have with health and well-being are considered.
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  35. Autonomic Nervous System Response to Psychosocial Stress in Anorexia Nervosa: A Cross-Sectional and Controlled Study.Ileana Schmalbach, Benedict Herhaus, Sebastian Pässler, Sarah Runst, Hendrik Berth, Silvia Wolff, Bjarne Schmalbach & Katja Petrowski - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    To foster understanding in the psychopathology of patients with anorexia nervosa at the psychological and physiological level, standardized experimental studies on reliable biomarkers are needed, especially due to the lack of disorder-specific samples. To this end, the autonomic nervous system response to a psychosocial stressor was investigated in n = 19 PAN, age, and gender-matched to n = 19 healthy controls. For this purpose, heart rate and heart rate variability parameters were assessed in a cross-sectional study design under (...)
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  36.  15
    Rethinking the Role of the Nervous System: Lessons From the Hydra Holobiont.Alexander V. Klimovich & Thomas C. G. Bosch - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (9):1800060.
    Here we evaluate our current understanding of the function of the nervous system in Hydra, a non‐bilaterian animal which is among the first metazoans that contain neurons. We highlight growing evidence that the nervous system, with its rich repertoire of neuropeptides, is involved in controlling resident beneficial microbes. We also review observations that indicate that microbes affect the animal's behavior by directly interfering with neuronal receptors. These findings provide new insight into the original role of the (...)
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  37.  10
    On Noise in the Nervous System.Lawrence R. Pinneo - 1966 - Psychological Review 73 (3):242-247.
  38.  27
    Distributed Nervous System, Disunified Consciousness?: A Sensorimotor Integrationist Account of Octopus Consciousness.B. van Woerkum - 2020 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 27 (1-2):149-172.
    What is it like to be an octopus, one of those eight-armed, infinitely flexible sea creatures with a nervous system distributed over head, eyes and arms? One interesting approach is to argue that octopuses, because of their distributed nervous systems, are likely to possess disunified consciousness (Carls-Diamante 2017). However, this supposed isomorphism between a “unified” nervous system and “unified” consciousness is problematic, since the term “unity” is taken as a “given” even though it is far (...)
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  39.  62
    Sympathetic Nervous System and Pain: A Clinical Reappraisal.Helmut Blumberg, Ulrike Hoffmann, Mohsen Mohadjer & Rudolf Scheremet - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):426-434.
    The target article discusses various aspects of the relationship between the sympathetic system and pain. To this end, the patients under study are divided into three groups. In the first group, called (RSD), the syndrome can be characterized by a triad of autonomic, motor, and sensory symptoms, which occur in a distally generalized distribution. The pain is typically felt deeply and diffusely, has an orthostatic component, and is suppressed by the ischemia test. Under those circumstances, the pain is likely (...)
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  40.  26
    Learning From the Spirits: Candomblé, Umbanda, and Kardecismo in Recife, Brazil.Stanley Krippner - 2008 - Anthropology of Consciousness 19 (1):1-32.
    Brazilian spiritistic religions have developed along elaborate historical and cultural trajectories with spirit mediumship as a central feature of ritual practice in Candomblé, Umbanda, Kardecismo, and similar groups. In these studies, several Brazilian spiritistic practitioners who worked as mediums were interviewed and, in some cases, tested with psychological measures for dissociation using the Dissociative Experiences Scale, for absorption using the Tellegen Absorption Scale, and for sexual orientation using the Kinsey Scale. Few significant gender differences were noted in these measures. In (...)
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  41.  7
    Nervous System Modification by Transplants and Gene Transfer.Laurie C. Doering - 1994 - Bioessays 16 (11):825-831.
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  42. Why Study Movement Variability in Autism?Maria Brincker & Elizabeth Torres - 2017 - In Elizabeth Torres & Caroline Whyatt (eds.), Autism the movement-sensing approach. CRC Press - Taylor & Francis Group.
    Autism has been defined as a disorder of social cognition, interaction and communication where ritualistic, repetitive behaviors are commonly observed. But how should we understand the behavioral and cognitive differences that have been the main focus of so much autism research? Can high-level cognitive processes and behaviors be identified as the core issues people with autism face, or do these characteristics perhaps often rather reflect individual attempts to cope with underlying physiological issues? Much research presented in this volume will point (...)
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  43.  30
    Emotion’s Response Patterns: The Brain and the Autonomic Nervous System.Peter J. Lang - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (2):93-99.
    The article considers patterns of reactivity in organ systems mediated by the autonomic nervous system as they relate to central neural circuits activated by affectively arousing cues. The relationship of these data to the concept of discrete emotion and their relevance for the autonomic feedback hypothesis are discussed. Research both with animal and human participants is considered and implications drawn for new directions in emotion science. It is suggested that the proposed brain-based view has a greater potential for (...)
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  44.  12
    The Nervous System in Development and Evolution.Eva Jablonka - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (6):687-689.
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  45.  5
    The Afferent Nervous System From a New Aspect.Henry Head, W. H. R. Rivers & James Sherren - 1906 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 3 (10):271-275.
  46.  4
    The Tuning of the Nervous System: Physiological Foundations and Implications for Behavior.E. Gellhorn - 1967 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 10 (4):559-591.
  47.  5
    Alternative Polyadenylation in the Nervous System: To What Lengths Will 3′ UTR Extensions Take Us?Pedro Miura, Piero Sanfilippo, Sol Shenker & Eric C. Lai - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (8):766-777.
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  48.  8
    Chance, Repetition, and Error in the Development of Normal Nervous Systems.Peter G. H. Clarke - 1981 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 25 (1):2-19.
  49.  24
    Sympathetic Nervous System and Pain: Phenomenological Diversity.William J. Roberts - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):463-464.
    This commentary on blumberg et al. addresses complications associated with diagnostic testing for sympathetic dependence of pain that can lead to inappropriate positive and negative conclusions. In addition, it is suggested that their test be conceived as a test of the effect of local vascular pressure and that the two types of sensory disorders presented may differ primarily in the degree of sensitization of central pain pathways. Detailed reports with functionally-oriented testing like that done by BLUMBERG are essential for an (...)
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  50.  5
    Notch Signaling in the Nervous System. Pieces Still Missing From the Puzzle.Nicholas E. Baker - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (3):264.
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