Results for 'Peripheral Nervous System'

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  1.  18
    Molecular Signaling Mechanisms of Axon-Glia Communication in the Peripheral Nervous System.Tamara Grigoryan & Walter Birchmeier - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (5):502-513.
    In this article we discuss the molecular signaling mechanisms that coordinate interactions between Schwann cells and the neurons of the peripheral nervous system. Such interactions take place perpetually during development and in adulthood, and are critical for the homeostasis of the peripheral nervous system (PNS). Neurons provide essential signals to control Schwann cell functions, whereas Schwann cells promote neuronal survival and allow efficient transduction of action potentials. Deregulation of neuron–Schwann cell interactions often results in (...)
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  2.  39
    The Peripheral Mind: Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System.István Aranyosi - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Philosophers of mind, both in the conceptual analysis tradition and in the empirical informed school, have been implicitly neglecting the potential conceptual role of the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) in understanding sensory and perceptual states. Instead, the philosophical as well as the neuroscientific literature has been assuming that it is the Central Nervous System (CNS) alone, and more exactly the brain, that should prima facie be taken as conceptually and empirically crucial for a philosophical analysis (...)
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  3.  4
    The Peripheral Mind. Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System by István Aranyosi.Renata Ziemińska - 2013 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 18 (2):263-269.
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  4.  4
    Co-Transmitters, Modulation, and the Peripheral Nervous System.Leslie L. Iversen - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):430-430.
  5.  6
    Head, Rivers and Sherren on The Afferent Nervous System From a New Aspect, and Head and Sherron on The Consequences of Injury to the Peripheral Nerves in Man.Shepherd Ivory Franz - 1906 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 3 (10):271.
  6.  15
    B-Afferents: A Fundamental Division of the Nervous System Mediating Homeostasis?James C. Prechtl & Terry L. Powley - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):289-300.
    The peripheral nervous system has classically been separated into a somatic division composed of both afferent and efferent pathways and an autonomic division containing only efferents. J. N. Langley, who codified this asymmetrical plan at the beginning of the twentieth century, considered different afferents, including visceral ones, as candidates for inclusion in his concept of the “autonomic nervous system”, but he finally excluded all candidates for lack of any distinguishing histological markers. Langley's classification has been (...)
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  7.  8
    Does Central Nervous System Plasticity Contribute to Hyperalgesia?Corey L. Cleland & G. F. Gebhart - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):444-445.
    Hyperalgesia can arise from peripheral sensitization, on-going peripheral activation, and central plasticity. In the target article, coderre & katz argue that all three mechanisms contribute to hyperalgesia. In contrast, we believe that existing experimental evidence suggests that central plasticity plays only an insignificant role in most experimental models and clinical presentations of hyperalgesia induced by tissue injury or chemical activation of sensory receptors.
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  8.  23
    Out on a Limb? On Multiple Cognitive Systems Within the Octopus Nervous System.Sidney Carls-Diamante - 2019 - Philosophical Psychology 32 (4):463-482.
    ABSTRACTThe idea that there can be only one cognitive system within any single given cognitive organism is an established albeit implicit one within cognitive science and related studies of the mind. The firm foothold of this notion is due largely to the immense corpus of empirical evidence for the correlation of a high level of cognitive sophistication with a centralized nervous system. However, it must be pointed out that these findings are sourced in large part from studies (...)
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  9. Toward a Well-Innervated Philosophy of Mind (Chapter 4 of The Peripheral Mind).István Aranyosi - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
    The “brain in a vat” thought experiment is presented and refuted by appeal to the intuitiveness of what the author informally calls “the eye for an eye principle”, namely: Conscious mental states typically involved in sensory processes can conceivably successfully be brought about by direct stimulation of the brain, and in all such cases the utilized stimulus field will be in the relevant sense equivalent to the actual PNS or part of it thereof. In the second section, four classic problems (...)
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  10. Margins of Me: A Personal Story (Chapter 1 of The Peripheral Mind).István Aranyosi - forthcoming - In The Peripheral Mind. Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System. Oxford University Press.
    The author presents an autobiographical story of serious peripheral motor nerve damage resulting from chemotoxicity induced as a side effect of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma treatment. The first-person, phenomenological account of the condition naturally leads to philosophical questions about consciousness, felt presence of oneself all over and within one’s body, and the felt constitutiveness of peripheral processes to one’s mental life. The first-person data only fit well with a philosophical approach to the mind that takes peripheral, bodily events and (...)
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  11.  51
    Psychosocial Correlates of Peripheral Vegetative Activity and Coordination.Miguel Angel Gandarillas - 2011 - Revista Aletheia 35:211-230.
    O presente estudo examinou a relação entre aspectos psicossociais e padrões de reação fisiológica (frequência cardíaca, pressão arterial, condução cutânea e medidas respiratórias) para quatro tipos de contingências operantes (recompensa, extinção, punição e evitação) registrados durante um teste de ..
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  12.  20
    The Nervous System/Behavior Interface: Levels of Organization and Levels of Approach.Paul Grobstein - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (3):380-381.
  13. The Nervous System as Physical Machine: With Special Reference to the Origin of Adaptive Behaviour.W. R. Ashby - 1947 - Mind 56 (January):44-59.
  14.  47
    A Bond Graph Model of the Cardiovascular System.V. Le Rolle, A. I. Hernandez, P. Y. Richard, J. Buisson & G. Carrault - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (4):295-312.
    The study of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) function has shown to provide useful indicators for risk stratification and early detection on a variety of cardiovascular pathologies. However, data gathered during different tests of the ANS are difficult to analyse, mainly due to the complex mechanisms involved in the autonomic regulation of the cardiovascular system (CVS). Although model-based analysis of ANS data has been already proposed as a way to cope with this complexity, only a few models (...)
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  15.  18
    Autonomic Nervous System Correlates in Movement Observation and Motor Imagery.C. Collet, F. Di Rienzo, N. El Hoyek & A. Guillot - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  16.  12
    The Autonomic Nervous System and Emotion.Robert W. Levenson - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (2):100-112.
    In many evolutionary/functionalist theories, emotions organize the activity of the autonomic nervous system and other physiological systems. Two kinds of patterned activity are discussed: coherence, and specificity. For each kind of patterning, significant methodological obstacles are considered that need to be overcome before empirical studies can adequately test theories and resolve controversies. Finally, links that coherence and specificity have with health and well-being are considered.
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  17. Consciousness Provides the Nervous System with Coherent, Globally Distributed Information.B. J. Baars - 1983 - In Richard J. Davidson, Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum. pp. 101.
  18.  21
    Conscious Contents Provide the Nervous System with Coherent, Global Information.Bernard J. Baars - 1983 - In Richard J. Davidson, Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum. pp. 41--79.
  19.  44
    Does the Nervous System Use Equilibrium-Point Control to Guide Single and Multiple Joint Movements?E. Bizzi, N. Hogan, F. A. Mussa-Ivaldi & S. Giszter - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):603-613.
  20. The Nervous System and the Mind.Charles Mercier - 1888 - Mind 13 (50):263-268.
     
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  21.  8
    The Elementary Nervous System.G. H. Parker - 1919 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 16 (26):719-720.
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  22.  2
    Events in Early Nervous System Evolution.Michael G. Paulin & Joseph Cahill‐Lane - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science.
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  23. Homing in on Consciousness in the Nervous System: An Action-Based Synthesis.Ezequiel Morsella, Christine A. Godwin, Tiffany K. Jantz, Stephen C. Krieger & Adam Gazzaley - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:1-70.
    What is the primary function of consciousness in the nervous system? The answer to this question remains enigmatic, not so much because of a lack of relevant data, but because of the lack of a conceptual framework with which to interpret the data. To this end, we have developed Passive Frame Theory, an internally coherent framework that, from an action-based perspective, synthesizes empirically supported hypotheses from diverse fields of investigation. The theory proposes that the primary function of consciousness (...)
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  24.  37
    Cardiovascular and Nervous System Changes During Meditation.Steven R. Steinhubl, Nathan E. Wineinger, Sheila Patel, Debra L. Boeldt, Geoffrey Mackellar, Valencia Porter, Jacob T. Redmond, Evan D. Muse, Laura Nicholson, Deepak Chopra & Eric J. Topol - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  25.  18
    What Muscle Variable Does the Nervous System Control in Limb Movements?R. B. Stein - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):535-541.
  26.  11
    Emotion and the Autonomic Nervous System: Introduction to the Special Section.Robert W. Levenson - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (2):91-92.
    In many evolutionary/functionalist theories, emotions organize the activity of the autonomic nervous system and other physiological systems. Two kinds of patterned activity are discussed: coherence, and specificity. For each kind of patterning, significant methodological obstacles are considered that need to be overcome before empirical studies can adequately test theories and resolve controversies. Finally, links that coherence and specificity have with health and well-being are considered.
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  27.  29
    Synaptic Function in the Nervous System: A Theory and its Application.John Dempsher - 1979 - Acta Biotheoretica 28 (2):75-97.
    The objective of this paper is to present a new theory of synaptic function in the nervous system. The basis for this theory is the experimental demonstration that a nerve impulse assumes five different forms as it advances through the synaptic region, and that five basic mathematical operations have been identified as being involved in the transformation of one form into another form. As a result of these data, the synaptic region is regarded as a functional unit where (...)
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  28.  19
    Distributed Nervous System, Disunified Consciousness?: A Sensorimotor Integrationist Account of Octopus Consciousness.B. van Woerkum - 2020 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 27 (1-2):149-172.
    What is it like to be an octopus, one of those eight-armed, infinitely flexible sea creatures with a nervous system distributed over head, eyes and arms? One interesting approach is to argue that octopuses, because of their distributed nervous systems, are likely to possess disunified consciousness (Carls-Diamante 2017). However, this supposed isomorphism between a “unified” nervous system and “unified” consciousness is problematic, since the term “unity” is taken as a “given” even though it is far (...)
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  29.  62
    Sympathetic Nervous System and Pain: A Clinical Reappraisal.Helmut Blumberg, Ulrike Hoffmann, Mohsen Mohadjer & Rudolf Scheremet - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):426-434.
    The target article discusses various aspects of the relationship between the sympathetic system and pain. To this end, the patients under study are divided into three groups. In the first group, called (RSD), the syndrome can be characterized by a triad of autonomic, motor, and sensory symptoms, which occur in a distally generalized distribution. The pain is typically felt deeply and diffusely, has an orthostatic component, and is suppressed by the ischemia test. Under those circumstances, the pain is likely (...)
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  30.  5
    Alternative Polyadenylation in the Nervous System: To What Lengths Will 3′ UTR Extensions Take Us?Pedro Miura, Piero Sanfilippo, Sol Shenker & Eric C. Lai - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (8):766-777.
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  31.  30
    Emotion’s Response Patterns: The Brain and the Autonomic Nervous System.Peter J. Lang - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (2):93-99.
    The article considers patterns of reactivity in organ systems mediated by the autonomic nervous system as they relate to central neural circuits activated by affectively arousing cues. The relationship of these data to the concept of discrete emotion and their relevance for the autonomic feedback hypothesis are discussed. Research both with animal and human participants is considered and implications drawn for new directions in emotion science. It is suggested that the proposed brain-based view has a greater potential for (...)
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  32.  10
    On Noise in the Nervous System.Lawrence R. Pinneo - 1966 - Psychological Review 73 (3):242-247.
  33.  23
    Learning From the Spirits: Candomblé, Umbanda, and Kardecismo in Recife, Brazil.Stanley Krippner - 2008 - Anthropology of Consciousness 19 (1):1-32.
    Brazilian spiritistic religions have developed along elaborate historical and cultural trajectories with spirit mediumship as a central feature of ritual practice in Candomblé, Umbanda, Kardecismo, and similar groups. In these studies, several Brazilian spiritistic practitioners who worked as mediums were interviewed and, in some cases, tested with psychological measures for dissociation using the Dissociative Experiences Scale, for absorption using the Tellegen Absorption Scale, and for sexual orientation using the Kinsey Scale. Few significant gender differences were noted in these measures. In (...)
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  34.  14
    Rethinking the Role of the Nervous System: Lessons From the Hydra Holobiont.Alexander V. Klimovich & Thomas C. G. Bosch - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (9):1800060.
    Here we evaluate our current understanding of the function of the nervous system in Hydra, a non‐bilaterian animal which is among the first metazoans that contain neurons. We highlight growing evidence that the nervous system, with its rich repertoire of neuropeptides, is involved in controlling resident beneficial microbes. We also review observations that indicate that microbes affect the animal's behavior by directly interfering with neuronal receptors. These findings provide new insight into the original role of the (...)
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  35.  5
    The Afferent Nervous System From a New Aspect.Henry Head, W. H. R. Rivers & James Sherren - 1906 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 3 (10):271-275.
  36.  24
    Sympathetic Nervous System and Pain: Phenomenological Diversity.William J. Roberts - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):463-464.
    This commentary on blumberg et al. addresses complications associated with diagnostic testing for sympathetic dependence of pain that can lead to inappropriate positive and negative conclusions. In addition, it is suggested that their test be conceived as a test of the effect of local vascular pressure and that the two types of sensory disorders presented may differ primarily in the degree of sensitization of central pain pathways. Detailed reports with functionally-oriented testing like that done by BLUMBERG are essential for an (...)
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  37.  13
    The Nervous System of the Child; Its Growth and Health in Education. Francis Warner.W. J. Greenstreet - 1900 - International Journal of Ethics 11 (1):119-121.
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  38.  22
    Consciousness, the Sense Organs, and the Nervous System.Frederick J. E. Woodbridge - 1909 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 6 (17):449-455.
  39.  3
    The Tuning of the Nervous System: Physiological Foundations and Implications for Behavior.E. Gellhorn - 1967 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 10 (4):559-591.
  40.  22
    The Command Function Concept in Studies of the Primate Nervous System.James C. Lynch - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):31-32.
  41.  9
    Autonomic Nervous System.Gary G. Berntson, Martin Sarter & John T. Cacioppo - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
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  42.  17
    The Nervous System of the Child; Its Growth and Health in Education, by Francis Warner. [REVIEW]W. J. Greenstreet - 1900 - Ethics 11:119.
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  43.  21
    The Nervous System, Psychological Fact or Fiction?Jacob Robert Kantor - 1922 - Journal of Philosophy 19 (2):38-49.
  44.  11
    The Nervous System: An Elementary Handbook of the Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System.Walter B. Pitkin - 1913 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 10 (1):26-26.
  45.  24
    Redundancy in the Nervous System: Where Internal Models Collapse.Ramesh Balasubramaniam - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):396-397.
    Grush has proposed a fairly comprehensive version of the idea of internal models within the framework of the emulation theory of representation. However, the formulation suffers from assumptions that render such models biologically infeasible. Here I present some problems from physiological principles of human movement production to illustrate why. Some alternative views to emulation are presented.
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  46.  28
    Toward a Model of Functional Brain Processes II: Central Nervous System Functional Macro-Architecture.Mark H. Bickhard - 2015 - Axiomathes 25 (4):377-407.
    The first paper in this pair developed a model of the nature of representation and cognition, and argued for a model of the micro-functioning of the brain on the basis of that model. In this sequel paper, starting with part III, this model is extended to address macro-functioning in the CNS. In part IV, I offer a discussion of an approach to brain functioning that has some similarities with, as well as differences from, the model presented here: sometimes called the (...)
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  47.  7
    Structural Variation in the Nervous System in Relation to Behavior.K. S. Lashley - 1947 - Psychological Review 54 (6):325-334.
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  48.  41
    Toward a Model of Functional Brain Processes I: Central Nervous System Functional Micro-Architecture.Mark Bickhard - 2015 - Axiomathes 25 (3):217-238.
    Standard semantic information processing models—information in; information processed; information out —lend themselves to standard models of the functioning of the brain in terms, e.g., of threshold-switch neurons connected via classical synapses. That is, in terms of sophisticated descendants of McCulloch and Pitts models. I argue that both the cognition and the brain sides of this framework are incorrect: cognition and thought are not constituted as forms of semantic information processing, and the brain does not function in terms of passive input (...)
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  49.  13
    Neurological Disorders, Affective Bioethics, and the Nervous System: Reconsidering the Schiavo Case From a Materialist Perspective.Matthew Wolf-Meyer - 2020 - Medical Humanities 46 (3):166-175.
    This article proposes a novel approach to bioethics, referred to as “affective bioethics”, which draws on traditions in anthropology, science and technology studies, disability studies, and Spinozist materialism. By focusing on the case of Michael and Terri Schiavo, in which Terri’s personhood and subjectivity are challenged by dominant forms of neurological reductivism in the USA, this article suggests that approaching her condition as a set of relations with the people in her life and her socio-technical environment may have helped to (...)
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  50. The Embedded and Extended Character Hypotheses.Mark Alfano & Joshua August Skorburg - 2017 - In Julian Kiverstein (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of the Social Mind. New York, NY, USA: Routledge. pp. 465-478.
    This paper brings together two erstwhile distinct strands of philosophical inquiry: the extended mind hypothesis and the situationist challenge to virtue theory. According to proponents of the extended mind hypothesis, the vehicles of at least some mental states (beliefs, desires, emotions) are not located solely within the confines of the nervous system (central or peripheral) or even the skin of the agent whose states they are. When external props, tools, and other systems are suitably integrated into the (...)
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