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Rózsa Péter [114]Fabienne Peter [29]Elizabeth Peter [11]Carl J. Peter [10]
Georg Peter [9]E. Peter [7]R. Peter [7]Turkeltaub Peter [5]

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Profile: Fabienne Peter (University of Warwick)
Profile: Andriana Peter (Delta State University)
Profile: Peter Parise Peter
Profile: Babar Peter (Abant Izzet Baysal University)
Profile: Peter Peter (Agder College)
Profile: Balraj Peter (pontifical university sardegna)
Profile: Peter Babarovic Peter
Profile: Che Wanzie Peter (STAMS - Cameroon)
Profile: Romain Peter
Profile: Davidpeter Peter (South Texas Community College)
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  1. Benjamin Kerr & Peter Godfrey-Smith (2002). On Price's Equation and Average Fitness. Biology and Philosophy 17 (4):551-565.
    A number of recent discussions have argued that George Price's equationfor representing evolutionary change is a powerful and illuminatingtool, especially in the context of debates about multiple levels ofselection. Our paper dissects Price's equation in detail, and comparesit to another statistical tool: the calculation and comparison ofaverage fitnesses. The relations between Price's equation and equationsfor evolutionary change using average fitness are closer than issometimes supposed. The two approaches achieve a similar kind ofstatistical summary of one generation of change, and they (...)
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  2. Hauke Brunkhorst & Peter Krockenberger (1998). Paradigm-Core and Theory-Dynamics in Critical Social Theory: People and Programs. Philosophy and Social Criticism 24 (6):67-110.
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  3. Peter Beilharz (2007). Lobby and Me: Remembering the Melbourne Music Scene in the Sixties. Thesis Eleven 91 (1):104-106.
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  4.  95
    Peter Kosso (2000). The Epistemology of Spontaneously Broken Symmetries. Synthese 122 (3):359 - 376.
    Spontaneously broken symmetries are often called hidden or secret symmetries. They are symmetries in the laws of nature that do not show up in observable phenomena. This raises the basic epistemological question: Is there reason to believe that these hidden symmetries are real features of nature rather than artifacts of theorizing. This paper clarifies the epistemic status of spontaneously broken symmetries. It presents the details of an argument by analogy that suggests the spontaneously broken gauge symmetry of electroweak interactions, and (...)
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  5. Fabienne Peter (2007). Democratic Legitimacy and Proceduralist Social Epistemology. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (3):329-353.
    A conception of legitimacy is at the core of normative theories of democracy. Many different conceptions of legitimacy have been put forward, either explicitly or implicitly. In this article, I shall first provide a taxonomy of conceptions of legitimacy that can be identified in contemporary democratic theory. The taxonomy covers both aggregative and deliberative democracy. I then argue for a conception of democratic legitimacy that takes the epistemic dimension of public deliberation seriously. In contrast to standard interpretations of epistemic democracy, (...)
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  6.  11
    Elizabeth Peter & Joan Liaschenko (2013). Moral Distress Reexamined: A Feminist Interpretation of Nurses' Identities, Relationships, and Responsibilites. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):337-345.
    Moral distress has been written about extensively in nursing and other fields. Often, however, it has not been used with much theoretical depth. This paper focuses on theorizing moral distress using feminist ethics, particularly the work of Margaret Urban Walker and Hilde Lindemann. Incorporating empirical findings, we argue that moral distress is the response to constraints experienced by nurses to their moral identities, responsibilities, and relationships. We recommend that health professionals get assistance in accounting for and communicating their values and (...)
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  7. Fabienne Peter (2007). Rawls' Idea of Public Reason and Democratic Legitimacy. Journal of International Political Theory 3 (1):129-143.
    Critics and defenders of Rawls' idea of public reason have tended to neglect the relationship between this idea and his conception of democratic legitimacy. I shall argue that Rawls' idea of public reason can be interpreted in two different ways, and that the two interpretations support two different conceptions of legitimacy. What I call the substantive interpretation of Rawls' idea of public reason demands that it applies not just to the process of democratic decision-making, but that it extends to the (...)
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  8.  25
    Peter Madsen (2004). Peter Singer on Global Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (1):183-196.
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  9. Fabienne Peter (2004). Choice, Consent, and the Legitimacy of Market Transactions. Economics and Philosophy 20 (1):1-18.
    According to an often repeated definition, economics is the science of individual choices and their consequences. The emphasis on choice is often used – implicitly or explicitly – to mark a contrast between markets and the state: While the price mechanism in well-functioning markets preserves freedom of choice and still efficiently coordinates individual actions, the state has to rely to some degree on coercion to coordinate individual actions. Since coercion should not be used arbitrarily, coordination by the state needs to (...)
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  10. Fabienne Peter (2013). The Procedural Epistemic Value of Deliberation. Synthese 190 (7):1253-1266.
    Collective deliberation is fuelled by disagreements and its epistemic value depends, inter alia, on how the participants respond to each other in disagreements. I use this accountability thesis to argue that deliberation may be valued not just instrumentally but also for its procedural features. The instrumental epistemic value of deliberation depends on whether it leads to more or less accurate beliefs among the participants. The procedural epistemic value of deliberation hinges on the relationships of mutual accountability that characterize appropriately conducted (...)
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  11. Fabienne Peter (2008). Democratic Legitimacy. Routledge.
    This book offers a systematic treatment of the requirements of democratic legitimacy. It argues that democratic procedures are essential for political legitimacy because of the need to respect value pluralism and because of the learning process that democratic decision-making enables. It proposes a framework for distinguishing among the different ways in which the requirements of democratic legitimacy have been interpreted. Peter then uses this framework to identify and defend what appears as the most plausible conception of democratic legitimacy. According to (...)
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  12.  6
    Elizabeth Peter & Joan Liaschenko (2004). Perils of Proximity: A Spatiotemporal Analysis of Moral Distress and Moral Ambiguity. Nursing Inquiry 11 (4):218-225.
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  13. Fabienne Peter (2013). Epistemic Foundations of Political Liberalism. Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (5):598-620.
    At the core of political liberalism is the claim that political institutions must be publicly justified or justifiable to be legitimate. What explains the significance of public justification? The main argument that defenders of political liberalism present is an argument from disagreement: the irreducible pluralism that is characteristic of democratic societies requires a mode of justification that lies in between a narrowly political solution based on actual acceptance and a traditional moral solution based on justification from the third-person perspective. But (...)
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  14. Poidevin Robin Le, Peter Simons, Andrew McGonigal & P. Cameron Ross (eds.) (2009). The Routledge Companion to Metaphysics. Routledge.
    The Routledge Companion to Metaphysics is an outstanding, comprehensive and accessible guide to the major themes, thinkers, and issues in metaphysics. The Companion features over fifty specially commissioned chapters from international scholars which are organized into three clear parts: History of Metaphysics Ontology Metaphysics and Science. Each section features an introduction which places the range of essays in context, while an extensive glossary allows easy reference to key terms and definitions. The Routledge Companion to Metaphysics is essential reading for students (...)
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  15.  10
    Elizabeth Peter (2013). Advancing the Concept of Moral Distress. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):293-295.
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  16.  15
    Peter Beilharz (2001). Australian Civilization and its Discontents. Thesis Eleven 64 (1):65-76.
    What are the peculiarities of Australian modernity? How can we make sense of Australia? This programmatic article opens up questions of how to think about Australia through thinking about thinking about Australia. National and imperial fallacies abound - that Australia is derivative of origin or environment, and is allegedly obsessed with identity crises. Much analysis of Australia is either celebratory or dismissive. Too often the question is `who are we?' rather than `what has been the nature of our collective and (...)
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  17. Fabienne Peter (2008). Pure Epistemic Proceduralism. Episteme 5 (1):pp. 33-55.
    In this paper I defend a pure proceduralist conception of legitimacy that applies to epistemic democracy. This conception, which I call pure epistemic proceduralism, does not depend on procedure-independent standards for good outcomes and relies on a proceduralist epistemology. It identifies a democratic decision as legitimate if it is the outcome of a process that satisfies certain conditions of political and epistemic fairness. My argument starts with a rejection of instrumentalism – the view that political equality is only instrumentally valuable. (...)
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  18.  13
    Peter Lassman (2003). Political Theory as Utopia. History of the Human Sciences 16 (1):49-62.
    Political theory has been described as an `enterprise of discovery' that carries within it the danger of utopianism. This article explores one aspect of that danger: the question of the paradoxical or circular nature of much political thinking. This seems to be both a necessary and an impossible feature of such theorizing. Political theory itself seems to require an idea of utopia that is, by definition, impossible to achieve.
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  19. Gerhard Preyer & Georg Peter (eds.) (2005). Contextualism in Philosophy: Knowledge, Meaning, and Truth. Oxford University Press.
    In epistemology and in philosophy of language there is fierce debate about the role of context in knowledge, understanding, and meaning. Many contemporary epistemologists take seriously the thesis that epistemic vocabulary is context-sensitive. This thesis is of course a semantic claim, so it has brought epistemologists into contact with work on context in semantics by philosophers of language. This volume brings together the debates, in a set of twelve specially written essays representing the latest work by leading figures in the (...)
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  20.  57
    Fabienne Peter (2001). Health Equity and Social Justice. Journal of Applied Philosophy 18 (2):159–170.
    There is consistent and strong empirical evidence for social inequalities in health, as a vast and fast growing literature shows. In recent years, these findings have helped to move health equity high on international research and policy agendas. This paper examines how the empirical identification of social inequalities in health relates to a normative judgment about health inequities and puts forward an approach which embeds the pursuit of health equity within the general pursuit of social justice. It defends an indirect (...)
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  21. Fabienne Peter (2010). Political Legitimacy. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Political legitimacy is a virtue of political institutions and of the decisions—about laws, policies, and candidates for political office—made within them. This entry will survey the main answers that have been given to the following questions. First, how should legitimacy be defined? Is it primarily a descriptive or a normative concept? If legitimacy is understood normatively, what does it entail? Some associate legitimacy with the justification of coercive power and with the creation of political authority. Others associate it with the (...)
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  22.  2
    Elizabeth Peter (2002). The History of Nursing in the Home: Revealing the Significance of Place in the Expression of Moral Agency. Nursing Inquiry 9 (2):65-72.
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  23.  4
    Peter Gersel Johan (2016). Discriminatory Capacities, Russell's Principle, and the Importance of Losing Sight of Objects. European Journal of Philosophy 24 (2).
    What capacities for discrimination must a subject possess in order to entertain singular thoughts? Evans has suggested that a subject must be able to discriminate his referent from all other entities in order to be able to do so; what he calls Russell's Principle. Evans' view has few followers, and he has been repeatedly accused of presenting no argument in its favour. In this paper I present what I take to be Evans' argument. I suggest that he has been misinterpreted (...)
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  24.  9
    Fabienne Peter, Democracy or Decision-Making by Experts?
    Fabienne Peter on whether difficult political decisions should be made by experts.
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  25.  7
    Peter Cane (2000). Mens Rea in Tort Law. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 20 (4):533-556.
    In ethical terms, intention is widely felt to be the strongest basis for the attribution of personal responsibility for conduct and outcomes. By contrast, in tort law intention is a much less important ground of liability than negligence. This article analyses the meaning of intention in tort law and its relationship to other concepts such as voluntariness, recklessness, motive, and belief. It also discusses difficulties associated with proving intention and other mental states, and the idea of a general principle of (...)
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  26.  6
    Peter Triantafillou & Risbjerg Nielsen Mikkel (2001). Policing Empowerment: The Making of Capable Subjects. History of the Human Sciences 14 (2):63-86.
    This article analyses the attempts to promote economic and social development in the Third World through techniques of empowerment and participation. Based on Michel Foucault’s analytics of government - notably the notion of self-technologies - we analyse two empowerment projects for women. We argue, first, that empowerment projects seek to constitute beneficiaries as active and responsible individuals with the ability to take charge of their own lives. Thus, empowerment should be viewed not as a transfer of power to individuals who (...)
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  27.  62
    Gerhard Preyer & Georg Peter (eds.) (2007). Context-Sensitivity and Semantic Minimalism: New Essays on Semantics and Pragmatics. Oxford University Press.
    "This book represents a continuation of the research project in philosophy of language and semantics represented in the journal "Protosociology" at the J. W. ...
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  28.  3
    Dierk Schwender, Christian Madler, Sven Klasing, Klaus Peter & Ernst Pöppel (1994). Anesthetic Control of 40-Hz Brain Activity and Implicit Memory. Consciousness and Cognition 3 (2):129-147.
    There is evidence from neuropsychological and psychophysical measurements that conscious sensory information is processed in discrete time segments. The segmentation process may be described as neuronal activity at a frequency of 40 Hz. Stimulus-induced neuronal activities of this frequency are found in the middle latency range of the auditory evoked potential . First, we have studied the effects of different general anesthetics on MLAEP and auditory evoked 40-Hz activity. Second, we investigated MLAEP and explicit and implicit memory for information presented (...)
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  29.  78
    Fabienne Peter (2016). The Epistemic Circumstances of Democracy. In Miranda Fricker Michael Brady (ed.), The Epistemic Life of Groups. 133 - 149.
    Does political decision-making require experts or can a democracy be trusted to make correct decisions? This question has a long-standing tradition in political philosophy, going back at least to Plato’s Republic. Critics of democracy tend to argue that democracy cannot be trusted in this way while advocates tend to argue that it can. Both camps agree that it is the epistemic quality of the outcomes of political decision-making processes that underpins the legitimacy of political institutions. In recent political philosophy, epistemic (...)
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  30. Fabienne Peter (2013). The Human Right to Political Participation. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 7 (2):1-16.
    In recent developments in political and legal philosophy, there is a tendency to endorse minimalist lists of human rights which do not include a right to political participation. Against such tendencies, I shall argue that the right to political participation, understood as distinct from a right to democracy, should have a place even on minimalist lists. In addition, I shall defend the need to extend the right to political participation to include participation not just in national, but also in international (...)
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  31. Nathaniel D. Daw, Aaron C. Courville & Dayan & Peter (2008). Semi-Rational Models of Conditioning: The Case of Trial Order. In Nick Chater & Mike Oaksford (eds.), The Probabilistic Mind: Prospects for Bayesian Cognitive Science. OUP Oxford
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  32.  1
    Elizabeth Peter & Kathryn Pauly Morgan (2001). Explorations of a Trust Approach for Nursing Ethics. Nursing Inquiry 8 (1):3-10.
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  33.  3
    Peter Vincent-Jones (2000). Contractual Governance: Institutional and Organizational Analysis. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 20 (3):317-351.
    This paper focuses on the role of contract as a governance mechanism in contemporary economic and social relations, exploring this theme in the context of recent writing on contract and contracting within law and other disciplines. The trends towards both outsourcing by private firms and privatization of public services have increased the importance of contract as an instrument of market and quasi-market exchange. Such organizational developments have been accompanied by institutional changes in the way in which business relationships are regulated (...)
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  34.  12
    Fabienne Peter (ed.) (2007). Rationality and Commitment. Oxford University Press, USA.
    The volume concludes with a specially-written reply by Sen, in which he responds to his critics and provides a rich commentary on the preceding essays.
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  35.  48
    Fabienne Peter (2007). The Political Egalitarian's Dilemma. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (4):373 - 387.
    Political egalitarianism is at the core of most normative conceptions of democratic legitimacy. It finds its minimal expression in the “one person one vote” formula. In the literature on deliberative democracy, political equality is typically interpreted in a more demanding sense, but different interpretations of what political equality requires can be identified. In this paper I shall argue that the attempt to specify political equality in deliberative democracy is affected by a dilemma. I shall illustrate the political egalitarian’s dilemma by (...)
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  36.  10
    Elizabeth Peter & Joan Liaschenko (2003). Whose Morality is It Anyway? Thoughts on the Work of Margaret Urban Walker. Nursing Philosophy 4 (3):259-262.
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  37.  14
    Rózsa Péter (1955). Ein neuer Beweis für die Tatsache, dass die Klasse der primitiv-rekursiven Funktionen umfassender als die Klasse der elementaren Funktionen ist. Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 1 (1):29-36.
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  38.  14
    Rózsa Péter (1965). Zum Beitrag Von F. Schwenkel „Rekursive Wortfunktionen Über Unendlichen Alphabeten”. Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 11 (4):377-378.
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  39.  89
    Fabienne Peter (2009). Rawlsian Justice. In Paul Anand, Prastanta Pattanaik & Clemens Puppe (eds.), The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice. Oxford University Press 433--456.
    Rawls’ theory of justice builds on the social contract tradition to offer an alternative to utilitarianism. Rawls singles out justice – not maximum welfare or efficiency – as “the first virtue of social institutions”. Economists were quick to realize the relevance of Rawls’ theory of justice for economics. Early contributions in welfare economics and social choice theory typically attempted to incorporate Rawls’ ideas into a welfarist framework. Current research in normative economics comes closer to Rawls’ original proposal of a non-consequentialist (...)
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  40.  22
    Peter J. Bowler (1993). A Bridge Too Far. Biology and Philosophy 8 (1):99-102.
  41.  12
    Fabienne Peter (2015). A Companion to Rawls. [REVIEW] Ethics 125 (2):591-596.
  42.  23
    Fabienne Peter (forthcoming). Agreement-Based Political Justification. Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche.
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  43.  33
    Fabienne Peter & Hans Bernhard Schmid (2005). Symposium on Rationality and Commitment: Introduction. Economics and Philosophy 21 (1):1-3.
    In his critique of rational choice theory, Amartya Sen claims that committed agents do not (or not exclusively) pursue their own goals. This claim appears to be nonsensical since even strongly heteronomous or altruistic agents cannot pursue other people's goals without making them their own. It seems that self-goal choice is constitutive of any kind of agency. In this paper, Sen's radical claim is defended. It is argued that the objection raised against Sen's claim holds only with respect to individual (...)
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  44.  2
    Fabienne Peter (2007). The Political Egalitarian’s Dilemma. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (4):373-387.
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  45.  14
    Lisa Postow, Brian J. Peter & Nicholas R. Cozzarelli (1999). Knot What We Thought Before: The Twisted Story of Replication. Bioessays 21 (10):805-808.
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  46.  19
    Carolyn Cusick & Mark Peter (2015). The Last Straw Fallacy: Another Causal Fallacy and Its Harmful Effects. Argumentation 29 (4):457-474.
    We have noticed a pattern of arguments that exhibit a type of irrationality or a particular informal logical fallacy that is not fully captured by any existing fallacy. This fallacy can be explored through three examples where one misattributes a cause by focusing on a smaller portion of a larger set—specifically, the last or least known—and claiming that that cause holds a unique priority over other contributing factors for the occurrence of an event. We propose to call this fallacy the (...)
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  47.  52
    Fabienne Peter (2009). Democratic Legitimacy Without Collective Rationality. In Boudewijn Paul de Bruin & Christopher F. Zurn (eds.), New Waves in Political Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan
  48. Karl Peter (1989). Arnold Gehlen, Man: His Nature and Place in the World Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 9 (3):99-102.
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  49.  12
    Ward Peter (2001). Donald Brownlee's. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 44 (1):117-131.
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  50.  1
    Von Rózsa Péter (1958). Graphschemata und rekursive funktionen. Dialectica 12 (3‐4):373-393.
    ZusammenfassungBei der Programmierung der Rechenautomaten ist es Brauch, den Gedankengang mit Skizzen zu begleiten and dadurch an‐schaulich zu machen. Durch Graphschemata können auch zahlentheore‐tische Funktionen definiert werden. Kaluẑnin stellte die Aufgabe, die derart definierten zahlentheoretischen Funktionen je nach der Kompliziert‐heit der betreffenden Graphschemata in Klassen zu teilen. Es war zuvermuten, dass man auf diese Weise konstruktive Zwischenstufen zwischen den bekannten speziell‐rekursiven Funktionen und den allgemein‐rekursiven Funktionen erhaält. Die vorliegende Arbeit zeigt, dass dieser Weg nicht gangbar ist, da sich jede allgemein‐rekursive (...)
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