Results for 'Peter Addinall'

979 found
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  1.  20
    Philosophy and biblical interpretation: a study in nineteenth-century conflict.Peter Addinall - 1991 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This study explores the nature of the conflict between science and religion. It shows through a detailed examination of this conflict as it was manifested in nineteenth century Britain that it is a fallacy that religion and science can co-exist in mutual harmony, since the legacy of their conflict in the past century has been inherited by this century, greatly to the detriment of religious belief. It is the author's contention that a return to the essentials of Kant's critical philosophy (...)
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  2.  48
    Inference to the Best Explanation.Peter Lipton - 1991 - London and New York: Routledge.
    How do we go about weighing evidence, testing hypotheses, and making inferences? According to the model of _Inference to the Best Explanation_, we work out what to infer from the evidence by thinking about what would actually explain that evidence, and we take the ability of a hypothesis to explain the evidence as a sign that the hypothesis is correct. In _Inference to the Best Explanation_, Peter Lipton gives this important and influential idea the development and assessment it deserves. (...)
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  3.  19
    Inference to the best explanation.Peter Lipton - 1991 - New York: Routledge.
    "How do we go about weighing evidence, testing hypotheses and making inferences? According to the model of 'inference to the Best explanation', we work out what to inter from the evidence by thinking about what would actually explain that evidence, and we take the ability of a hypothesis to explain the evidence as a sign that the hypothesis is correct. In inference to the Best Explanation, Peter Lipton gives this important and influential idea the development and assessment it deserves." (...)
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  4.  44
    Parts: A Study in Ontology.Peter M. Simons - 1987 - Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
    The relationship of part to whole is one of the most fundamental there is; this is the first and only full-length study of this concept. This book shows that mereology, the formal theory of part and whole, is essential to ontology. Peter Simons surveys and criticizes previous theories, especially the standard extensional view, and proposes a more adequate account which encompasses both temporal and modal considerations in detail. 'Parts could easily be the standard book on mereology for the next (...)
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  5. Death with dignity.Peter Allmark - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (4):255-257.
    The purpose of this article is to develop a conception of death with dignity and to examine whether it is vulnerable to the sort of criticisms that have been made of other conceptions. In this conception “death” is taken to apply to the process of dying; “dignity” is taken to be something that attaches to people because of their personal qualities. In particular, someone lives with dignity if they live well (in accordance with reason, as Aristotle would see it). It (...)
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  6.  68
    The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge.Peter Carruthers - 2011 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Do we have introspective access to our own thoughts? Peter Carruthers challenges the consensus that we do: he argues that access to our own thoughts is always interpretive, grounded in perceptual awareness and sensory imagery. He proposes a bold new theory of self-knowledge, with radical implications for understanding of consciousness and agency.
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  7.  8
    The rise of modern paganism.Peter Gay - 1973 - London: Wildwood House.
    [1] The rise of modern paganism.--v. 2. The science of freedom.
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  8. A Theory of Properties.Peter van Inwagen - 2004 - In Dean W. Zimmerman (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, Vol. 1. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 107-138.
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  9.  20
    Ibn Khaldūn's Method of History and Aristotelian Natural Philosophy.Peter Adamson - 2024 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 62 (2):195-210.
    The historian Ibn Khaldūn (d. 1406) is most often treated by historians of philosophy as part of the story of political philosophy in the Islamic world. While this is perfectly legitimate, it may be misleading when it comes to the question of the method he proposes for the historian. This paper argues that that method is in fact based on a different branch of (Aristotelian) science: natural philosophy. After rendering this proposition initially plausible by noting frequent references to "nature" in (...)
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  10. The Architecture of the Mind:Massive Modularity and the Flexibility of Thought: Massive Modularity and the Flexibility of Thought.Peter Carruthers - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press UK.
    This book is a comprehensive development and defense of one of the guiding assumptions of evolutionary psychology: that the human mind is composed of a large number of semi-independent modules. The Architecture of the Mind has three main goals. One is to argue for massive mental modularity. Another is to answer a 'How possibly?' challenge to any such approach. The first part of the book lays out the positive case supporting massive modularity. It also outlines how the thesis should best (...)
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  11.  18
    The rise of modern paganism.Peter Gay - 1973 - London: Wildwood House.
  12. An Effective Paradigm for Conditioning Visual Perception in Human Subjects.Peter Davies, Geoffrey Davies, Bennett L. & Spencer - 1982 - Perception 11 (6):663–669.
     
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  13. Cognitive and neuroscience aspects of thought disorder.Peter Bachman, Tyrone D. Cannon & Editors - 2005 - In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge University Press. pp. 493--526.
  14.  21
    Grammar of Binding in the languages of the world: Innate or learned?Peter Cole, Gabriella Hermon & Yanti - 2015 - Cognition 141 (C):138-160.
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  15.  62
    Human and Animal Minds: The Consciousness Questions Laid to Rest.Peter Carruthers - 2019 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    Claims about consciousness in animals are often made in support of their moral standing. Peter Carruthers argues that there is no fact of the matter about animal consciousness and it is of no scientific or ethical significance. Sympathy for an animal can be grounded in its mental states, but should not rely on assumptions about its consciousness.
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  16. Hedging and the ignorance norm on inquiry.Yasha Sapir & Peter van Elswyk - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):5837-5859.
    What sort of epistemic positions are compatible with inquiries driven by interrogative attitudes like wonder and puzzlement? The ignorance norm provides a partial answer: interrogative attitudes directed at a particular question are never compatible with knowledge of the question’s answer. But some are tempted to think that interrogative attitudes are incompatible with weaker positions like belief as well. This paper defends that the ignorance norm is exhaustive. All epistemic positions weaker than knowledge directed at the answer to a question are (...)
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  17. Phenomenal Consciousness: A Naturalistic Theory.Peter Carruthers - 2000 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    How can phenomenal consciousness exist as an integral part of a physical universe? How can the technicolour phenomenology of our inner lives be created out of the complex neural activities of our brains? Many have despaired of finding answers to these questions; and many have claimed that human consciousness is inherently mysterious. Peter Carruthers argues, on the contrary, that the subjective feel of our experience is fully explicable in naturalistic terms. Drawing on a variety of interdisciplinary resources, he develops (...)
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  18.  36
    The Centered Mind: What the Science of Working Memory Shows Us About the Nature of Human Thought.Peter Carruthers - 2015 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    The Centered Mind offers a new view of the nature and causal determinants of both reflective thinking and, more generally, the stream of consciousness. Peter Carruthers argues that conscious thought is always sensory-based, relying on the resources of the working-memory system. This system enables sensory images to be sustained and manipulated through attentional signals directed at midlevel sensory areas of the brain. When abstract conceptual representations are bound into these images, we consciously experience ourselves as making judgments or arriving (...)
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  19. The invention of nature.Peter D. Dwyer - 1996 - In R. F. Ellen & Katsuyoshi Fukui (eds.), Redefining nature: ecology, culture, and domestication. Washington, D.C.: Berg. pp. 157--186.
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  20. Language, thought, and consciousness: an essay in philosophical psychology.Peter Carruthers - 1996 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    Do we think in natural language? Or is language only for communication? Much recent work in philosophy and cognitive science assumes the latter. In contrast, Peter Carruthers argues that much of human conscious thinking is conducted in the medium of natural language sentences. However, this does not commit him to any sort of Whorfian linguistic relativism, and the view is developed within a framework that is broadly nativist and modularist. His study will be essential reading for all those interested (...)
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  21. Consciousness: Essays From a Higher-Order Perspective.Peter Carruthers - 2005 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    Peter Carruthers's essays on consciousness and related issues have had a substantial impact on the field, and many of his best are now collected here in revised form. The first half of the volume is devoted to developing, elaborating, and defending against competitors one particular sort of reductive explanation of phenomenal consciousness, which Carruthers now refers to as 'dual-content theory'. Phenomenal consciousness - the feel of experience - is supposed to constitute the 'hard problem' for a scientific world view, (...)
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  22. The Animals Issue: Moral Theory in Practice.Peter Carruthers - 1992 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    Do animals have moral rights? In contrast to the philosophical gurus of the animal rights movement, whose opinion has held moral sway in recent years, Peter Carruthers here claims that they do not. He explores a variety of moral theories, arguing that animals lack direct moral significance. This provocative but judiciously argued book will appeal to all those interested in animal rights, whatever their initial standpoint. It will also serve as a lively introduction to ethics, demonstrating why theoretical issues (...)
  23.  58
    Freedom and Resentment and Other Essays.Peter Frederick Strawson - 1974 - London, England: Routledge.
    By the time of his death in 2006, Sir Peter Strawson was regarded as one of the world's most distinguished philosophers. First published thirty years ago but long since unavailable, _Freedom and Resentment_ collects some of Strawson's most important work and is an ideal introduction to his thinking on such topics as the philosophy of language, metaphysics, epistemology and aesthetics. Beginning with the title essay _Freedom and Resentment_, this invaluable collection is testament to the astonishing range of Strawson's thought (...)
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  24. Ideas, Qualities and Corpuscles: Locke and Boyle on the External World.Peter Alexander - 1985 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This study presents a substantial and often radical reinterpretation of some of the central themes of Locke's thought. Professor Alexander concentrates on the Essay Concerning Human Understanding and aims to restore that to its proper historical context. In Part I he gives a clear exposition of some of the scientific theories of Robert Boyle, which, he argues, heavily influenced Locke in employing similar concepts and terminology. Against this background, he goes on in Part II to provide an account of Locke's (...)
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  25. Attention Is Amplification, Not Selection.Peter Fazekas & Bence Nanay - 2021 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 72 (1):299-324.
    We argue that recent empirical findings and theoretical models shed new light on the nature of attention. According to the resulting amplification view, attentional phenomena can be unified at the neural level as the consequence of the amplification of certain input signals of attention-independent perceptual computations. This way of identifying the core realizer of attention evades standard criticisms often raised against sub-personal accounts of attention. Moreover, this approach also reframes our thinking about the function of attention by shifting the focus (...)
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  26. Psa 1986 Proceedings of the 1986 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association.Peter K. Fine & Peter Machamer - 1986
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  27.  7
    Religion as creative insecurity.Peter Anthony Bertocci - 1973 - Westport, Conn.,: Greenwood Press.
  28. Schiffbruch im Totenreich.Peter Sprengel Berlin - forthcoming - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption.
    Journal Name: Philologus Issue: Ahead of print.
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  29. Bei der Redaktion eingegangene Bücher Redaktionsschluß 30. 1. 1987.Peter Böhm & Theodor Lessings Versuch Einer Erkenntnistheoretischen Grundlegung - 1985 - Philosophy 10:348.
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  30. Zum Verhältnis von Raum Und Zeit in der Griechischen Kunst Passavant-Symposion, 8. Bis 10. Dezember 2000.Peter Bol, Marianne Kreikenbom & Liebieghaus - 2003
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  31. The Impact of Theories of Generation Upon the Concept of a Biological Species in the Last Half of the Eighteenth Century.Peter J. Bowler & Toronto - 1971 - The Author.
     
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  32.  5
    The philosopher and society in late antiquity : protocol of the thirty-fourth colloquy : 3 December 1978.Peter Robert Lamont Center for Hermeneutical Studies in Hellenistic and Modern Culture & Brown - 1980
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  33.  4
    Albert Einstein.Peter Napier Hamilton - 1973 - Valley Forge, Pa.,: Judson Press.
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  34.  7
    Filosofiske portrætter.Peter Kemp - 1973 - København,: Vinten.
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  35.  7
    Single blind placebo in drug research.Peter Beck - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (6):477-a-477.
    sirThe recent article by Evans in the journal on the single blind placebo in drug research is timely and its conclusions were persuasive. The basic premiss that single blind placebo “washout” periods are ethically specious was well argued and I agree that from a scientific point of view they have no valid justification. The real reasons ….
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  36.  1
    Phénoménologie des idéalités mathématiques: La polyphilosophie de Dominique Pradelle.Romain Peter - 2024 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 120 (2):281-292.
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  37. Mitmenschlichkeit, eine Illusion?: Die Weltreligion im Blick z. Gemeinschaft.Peter Rohner & Trutz Rendtorff (eds.) - 1973 - München: Pfeiffer.
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  38. Bedeutungstheorie: Einf. in d. linguist. Semantik.Peter Schifko - 1975 - Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt: Frommann-Holzboog.
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  39.  14
    Commentary.Peter Zacharias - 1977 - Journal of Medical Ethics 3 (2):83-84.
  40. Critical Thinking: A Statement of Expert Consensus for Purposes of Educational Assessment and Instruction (The Delphi Report).Peter Facione - 1990 - Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC).
    This is the full version of the Delphi Report on critical thinking and critical thinking instruction at the post-secondary level.
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  41.  20
    Language, Thought and Consciousness: An Essay in Philosophical Psychology.Peter Carruthers - 1996 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    Do we think in natural language? Or is language only for communication? Much recent work in philosophy and cognitive science assumes the latter. In contrast, Peter Carruthers argues that much of human conscious thinking is conducted in the medium of natural language sentences. However, this does not commit him to any sort of Whorfian linguistic relativism, and the view is developed within a framework that is broadly nativist and modularist. His study will be essential reading for all those interested (...)
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  42.  14
    Respecting Toleration: Traditional Liberalism and Contemporary Diversity.Peter Balint - 2017 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The question of toleration matters more than ever. The politics of the twenty-first century is replete with both the successes and, all too often, the failures of toleration. Yet a growing number of thinkers and practitioners have argued against toleration. Some believe that liberal democracies are better served by different principles, such as respect of, or recognition for, people's ways of life. Others argue that because the liberal state should be entirely neutral or indifferent towards people's ways of life, it (...)
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  43.  8
    Nicht gerettet: Versuche nach Heidegger.Peter Sloterdijk - 2001 - Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
    Von Peter Sloterdijk kann man zu Recht sagen, daß jeder seiner Aufsätze, jeder seiner Vorträge auch ein ungeschriebenes Buch ist.
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  44.  72
    A Realist Philosophy of Social Science: Explanation and Understanding.Peter T. Manicas - 2006 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This introduction to the philosophy of social science provides an original conception of the task and nature of social inquiry. Peter Manicas discusses the role of causality seen in the physical sciences and offers a reassessment of the problem of explanation from a realist perspective. He argues that the fundamental goal of theory in both the natural and social sciences is not, contrary to widespread opinion, prediction and control, or the explanation of events. Instead, theory aims to provide an (...)
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  45.  56
    Freedom and Resentment and Other Essays.Peter Frederick Strawson - 1974 - London, England: Routledge.
    By the time of his death in 2006, Sir Peter Strawson was regarded as one of the world's most distinguished philosophers. First published thirty years ago but long since unavailable, _Freedom and Resentment_ collects some of Strawson's most important work and is an ideal introduction to his thinking on such topics as the philosophy of language, metaphysics, epistemology and aesthetics. Beginning with the title essay _Freedom and Resentment_, this invaluable collection is testament to the astonishing range of Strawson's thought (...)
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  46.  33
    Tracking Track Records.Peter Lipton & John Worrall - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74:179-235.
    [Peter Lipton] From a reliabilist point of view, our inferential practices make us into instruments for determining the truth value of hypotheses where, like all instruments, reliability is a central virtue. I apply this perspective to second-order inductions, the inductive assessments of inductive practices. Such assessments are extremely common, for example whenever we test the reliability of our instruments or our informants. Nevertheless, the inductive assessment of induction has had a bad name ever since David Hume maintained that any (...)
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  47. Continuants and occurrents, I.Peter Simons - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):59–75.
    [Peter Simons] Commonsense ontology contains both continuants and occurrents, but are continuants necessary? I argue that they are neither occurrents nor easily replaceable by them. The worst problem for continuants is the question in virtue of what a given continuant exists at a given time. For such truthmakers we must have recourse to occurrents, those vital to the continuant at that time. Continuants are, like abstract objects, invariants under equivalences over occurrents. But they are not abstract, and their being (...)
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  48.  52
    Biological information.Peter Godfrey-Smith & Kim Sterelny - 2012 - In Ed Zalta (ed.), Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  49.  52
    The evolution of altruistic punishment.Peter Richerson - manuscript
    Robert Boyd*†, Herbert Gintis‡, Samuel Bowles§, and Peter J. Richerson¶.
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  50.  20
    Parts Study in Ontology: A Study in Ontology.Peter M. Simons - 1987 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    The relationship of part to whole is one of the most fundamental there is, yet until now there has been no full-length study of this concept. This book shows that mereology, the formal theory of part and whole, is essential to ontology. Peter Simons surveys and criticizes previous theories, especially the standard extensional view, and proposes a more adequate account which encompasses both temporal and modal considerations in detail. This has far-reaching consequences for our understanding of such classical philosophical (...)
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