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Peter R. Anstey [68]Peter Anstey [30]
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Peter R. Anstey
University of Sydney
  1. Early Modern Experimental Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey & Alberto Vanzo - 2016 - In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Blackwell. pp. 87-102.
    In the mid-seventeenth century a movement of self-styled experimental philosophers emerged in Britain. Originating in the discipline of natural philosophy amongst Fellows of the fledgling Royal Society of London, it soon spread to medicine and by the eighteenth century had impacted moral and political philosophy and even aesthetics. Early modern experimental philosophers gave epistemic priority to observation and experiment over theorising and speculation. They decried the use of hypotheses and system-building without recourse to experiment and, in some quarters, developed a (...)
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  2. The Origins of Early Modern Experimental Philosophy.Peter Anstey & Alberto Vanzo - 2012 - Intellectual History Review 22 (4):499-518.
    This paper argues that early modern experimental philosophy emerged as the dominant member of a pair of methods in natural philosophy, the speculative versus the experimental, and that this pairing derives from an overarching distinction between speculative and operative philosophy that can be ultimately traced back to Aristotle. The paper examines the traditional classification of natural philosophy as a speculative discipline from the Stagirite to the seventeenth century; medieval and early modern attempts to articulate a scientia experimentalis; and the tensions (...)
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  3.  49
    John Locke and Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Peter Anstey presents a thorough and innovative study of John Locke's views on the method and content of natural philosophy. Focusing on Locke's Essay concerning Human Understanding, but also drawing extensively from his other writings and manuscript remains, Anstey argues that Locke was an advocate of the Experimental Philosophy: the new approach to natural philosophy championed by Robert Boyle and the early Royal Society who were opposed to speculative philosophy. On the question of method, Anstey shows how Locke's pessimism about (...)
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  4.  38
    The Philosophy of Robert Boyle.Peter R. Anstey - 2000 - Routledge.
    This book presents the first integrated treatment of the philosophy of Robert Boyle, one of the leading English natural philosophers of the Scientific Revolution.
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  5.  68
    Philosophy of Experiment in Early Modern England: The Case of Bacon, Boyle and Hooke.Peter R. Anstey - 2014 - Early Science and Medicine 19 (2):103-132.
  6. Bacon, Experimental Philosophy and French Enlightenment Natural History.Peter R. Anstey - 2018 - In Raphaelle Garrod & Paul Smith (eds.), Natural History in Early Modern France: The Poetics of an Epistemic Genre. Leiden, Netherlands: pp. 205–240.
    This chapter examines Francis Bacon's influence on Buffon's and Diderot's conceptions of natural history.
     
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  7.  13
    John Locke and the Philosophy of Mind.Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (2):221-244.
    This paper argues that, while Locke’s unstable usage of the term ‘mind’ prevents us from claiming that he had a theory of mind, it can still be said that he made a contribution to the philosophy of mind in its contemporary sense. After establishing that it was the term ‘soul’ that predominated in early modern British philosophy, the paper turns to Locke’s three central notions of the soul, the understanding, and the person. It is argued that there are two stages (...)
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  8.  72
    Robert Boyle and the Heuristic Value of Mechanism.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):157-170.
    This paper argues that, contrary to the claims of Alan Chalmers, Boyle understood his experimental work to be intimately related to his mechanical philosophy. Its central claim is that the mechanical philosophy has a heuristic structure that motivates and gives direction to Boyle's experimental programme. Boyle was able to delimit the scope of possible explanations of any phenomenon by positing both that all qualities are ultimately reducible to a select group of mechanical qualities and that all explanations of natural phenomena (...)
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  9.  39
    Locke, Bacon and Natural History.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Early Science and Medicine 7 (1):65-92.
    This paper argues that the construction of natural histories, as advocated by Francis Bacon, played a central role in John Locke's conception of method in natural philosophy. It presents new evidence in support of John Yolton's claim that "the emphasis upon compiling natural histories of bodies ... was the chief aspect of the Royal Society's programme that attracted Locke, and from which we need to understand his science of nature". Locke's exposure to the natural philosophy of Robert Boyle, the medical (...)
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  10.  15
    L’Oeuvre de Boyle Est Arrivé!Peter Anstey - 2001 - Metascience 10 (3):392-400.
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  11.  51
    Robert Boyle's 'Designe About Natural History'.Peter Anstey & Michael Hunter - 2008 - Early Science and Medicine 13 (2):83-126.
    This paper provides an analysis of Robert Boyle's most detailed discussion of the Baconian method of natural history. In a long letter to Henry Oldenburg dated 13 June 1666 and in ancillary manuscript material, Boyle spells out the method or 'Designe' by which he believes experimental programs in natural philosophy should be written up. The 'Designe' is enormously important in giving a clear statement of the precise contours of Boyle's Baconian methodology and providing a key to understanding the rationale, composition (...)
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  12.  34
    Francis Bacon and the Classification of Natural History.Peter Anstey - 2012 - Early Science and Medicine 17 (1):11-31.
  13.  6
    Michael Hunter , Robert Boyle: By Himself and His Friends. London: Pickering, 1994. Pp. Cvii + 188. ISBN 1-85196-085-6. £49.95. [REVIEW]Peter Anstey - 1996 - British Journal for the History of Science 29 (1):95.
  14.  12
    Experimental Versus Speculative Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2005 - In The Science of Nature in the Seventeenth Century: Patterns of Changes in Early Modern Natural Philosophy. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 215-242.
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  15. Locke and Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2016 - In Matthew Stuart (ed.), A Companion to Locke. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. pp. 64-81.
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  16.  33
    Experimental Pedagogy and the Eclipse of Robert Boyle in England.Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - Intellectual History Review 25 (1):115-131.
  17.  37
    John Locke’s Seed Lists: A Case Study in Botanical Exchange.Stephen A. Harris & Peter R. Anstey - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (4):256-264.
    This paper gives a detailed analysis of four seed lists in the journals of John Locke. These lists provide a window into a fascinating open network of botanical exchange in the early 1680s which included two of the leading botanists of the day. Pierre Magnol of Montpellier and Jacob Bobart the Younger of Oxford. The provenance and significance of the lists are assessed in relation to the relevant extant herbaria and plant catalogues from the period. The lists and associated correspondence (...)
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  18. Locke on Method in Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2003 - In The Philosophy of John Locke: New Perspectives. Routledge. pp. 26--42.
  19.  26
    Locke, the Quakers and Enthusiasm.Peter R. Anstey - 2019 - Intellectual History Review 29 (2):199-217.
  20.  32
    Locke and Botany.Peter R. Anstey & Stephen A. Harris - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (2):151-171.
    This paper argues that the English philosopher John Locke, who has normally been thought to have had only an amateurish interest in botany, was far more involved in the botanical science of his day than has previously been known. Through the presentation of new evidence deriving from Locke’s own herbarium, his manuscript notes, journal and correspondence, it is established that Locke made a modest contribution to early modern botany. It is shown that Locke had close and ongoing relations with the (...)
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  21. Further Reflections on Locke's Medical Remains.Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - Locke Studies 15:215-242.
     
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  22.  17
    D'Alembert, the “Preliminary Discourse” and Experimental Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2014 - Intellectual History Review 24 (4):495-516.
  23.  41
    Locke's Experimental Philosophy.Matthew Stuart, Keith Campbell, Michael Jacovides & Peter Anstey - 2013 - Metascience 22 (1):1-22.
    Serious philosophical reflection on the nature of experiment began in earnest in the seventeenth century. This paper expounds the most influential philosophy of experiment in seventeenth-century England, the Bacon-Boyle-Hooke view of experiment. It is argued that this can only be understood in the context of the new experimental philosophy practised according to the Baconian theory of natural history. The distinctive typology of experiments of this view is discussed, as well as its account of the relation between experiment and theory. This (...)
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  24.  3
    John Locke, Thomas Sydenham, and the Authorship of Two Medical Essays.Peter R. Anstey & John Burrows - 2009 - Electronic British Library Journal 3:1-42.
    Two medical essays in the hand of John Locke survive amongst the Shaftesbury Papers in the National Archives (National Archives PRO 30/24/47/2, ff. 31r–38v and ff. 49r–56r). Since the 1960s their authorship has been disputed. Some scholars have attributed them to the London physician Thomas Sydenham, others have attributed them to Locke. Detailed analyses of their contents and the context of their composition provide very strong evidence for Lockean authorship. This is reinforced by the application of the most recent techniques (...)
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  25.  20
    Vanishing Matter and the Laws of Motion: Descartes and Beyond.D. Jalobeanu & Peter Anstey (eds.) - 2011 - Routledge.
    This volume explores the themes of vanishing matter, matter and the laws of nature, the qualities of matter, and the diversity of the debates about matter in the early modern period. Chapters are unified by a number of interlocking themes which together enable some of the broader contours of the philosophy of matter to be charted in new ways. Part I concerns Cartesian Matter; Part II covers Matter, Mechanism and Medicine; Part III covers Matter and the Laws of Motion; and (...)
  26. The Experimental History of the Understanding From Locke to Sterne.Peter R. Anstey - 2009 - Eighteenth-Century Thought 4:143-169.
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  27.  30
    Boyle on Occasionalism: An Unexamined Source.Peter Anstey - 1999 - Journal of the History of Ideas 60 (1):57-81.
  28.  33
    Robert Boyle and Locke's "Morbus" Entry: A Reply To J.C. Walmsley.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Early Science and Medicine 7 (4):358-377.
  29.  32
    The Methodological Origins of Newton’s Queries.Peter R. Anstey - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (2):247-269.
    This paper analyses the different ways in which Isaac Newton employed queries in his writings on natural philosophy. It is argued that queries were used in three different ways by Newton and that each of these uses is best understood against the background of the role that queries played in the Baconian method that was adopted by the leading experimenters of the early Royal Society. After a discussion of the role of queries in Francis Bacon’s natural historical method, Newton’s queries (...)
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  30.  9
    Essences and Kinds.Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - In Desmond M. Clarke & Catherine Wilson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe. Oxford University Press.
    This article examines the views of René Descartes, Robert Boyle, and John Locke on essence and kinds and outlines the polemical stances that motivate and direct each of their views. It describes the ontological categories to which they subscribed and their own speculative theories about the actual kinds in the world. It categories to which they subscribed and their own speculative theories about the actual kinds in the world and discusses the late-Aristotelian theory of substantial forms.
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  31.  35
    Thomas Reid and the Justification of Induction.Peter Anstey - 1995 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 12 (1):77-93.
  32.  14
    John Locke and Helmontian Medicine.Peter R. Anstey - 2010 - In Charles T. Wolfe & Ofer Gal (eds.), The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge. Embodied Empiricism in Early Modern Science. Springer. pp. 93--117.
  33.  44
    Boyle on Seminal Principles.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (4):597-630.
    This paper presents a comprehensive study of Robert Boyle’s writings on seminal principles or seeds. It examines the role of seeds in Boyle’s account of creation, the generation of plants and animals, spontaneous generation, the generation of minerals and disease. By an examination of all of Boyle’s major extant discussions of seeds it is argued that there were discernible changes in Boyle’s views over time. As the years progressed Boyle became more sceptical about the role of seminal principles in the (...)
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  34. The Creation of the English Hippocrates.Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - Medical History 55 (4):457-478.
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  35. Locke on Knowledge.Peter R. Anstey - 2018 - In Stephen Gaukroger (ed.), Knowledge in Modern Philosophy. London, UK: pp. 111–128.
    This chapter provides an overview of John Locke's theory of knowledge.
     
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  36.  39
    "De Anima" and Descartes: Making Up Aristotle's Mind.Peter R. Anstey - 2000 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 17 (3):237 - 260.
  37.  8
    The Principled Enlightenment: Condillac, d'Alembert and Principle Minimalism.Peter R. Anstey - 2018 - In Geoff Boucher & Henry Martyn Lloyd (eds.), Rethinking the Enlightenment: Between History, Politics, and Philosophy. Lanham: Lexington Books. pp. 131–150.
  38. The Philosophy of John Locke: New Perspectives.Peter R. Anstey (ed.) - 2003 - Routledge.
    This collection of new essays on John Locke's philosophy provides the most up-to-date entrée into the exciting developments taking place in the study of one of the most important contributors to modern thought. Covering Locke's natural philosophy, his political and moral thought and his philosophy of religion, this book brings together the pioneering work of some of the world's leading Locke scholars.
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  39.  21
    La Structure du Monde: Objets, Propriétés, États de Choses. [REVIEW]Peter Anstey - 2006 - Dialectica 60 (1):93–96.
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  40.  47
    John Locke and the Case of Anthony Ashley Cooper.Lawrence M. Principe & Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - Early Science and Medicine 16 (5):379-503.
    In June 1668 Anthony Ashley Cooper, later to become the 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, underwent abdominal surgery to drain a large abscess above his liver. The case is extraordinary, not simply on account of the eminence of the patient and the danger of the procedure, but also because of the many celebrated figures involved. A trove of manuscripts relating to this famous operation survives amongst the Shaftesbury Papers in the National Archives at Kew. These include case notes in the hand (...)
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  41. The Christian Virtuoso and the Reformers: Are There Reformation Roots to Boyle’s Natural Philosophy?Peter R. Anstey - 2000 - Lucas: An Evangelical History Review 27:1-20.
    The question of the extent to which a natural philosopher like Robert Boyle was influenced by the reformers has a great deal of intrinsic interest. That Boyle was a Protestant and was well versed in the current theological issues of his day is beyond dispute. But the central question to be explored in this paper is the extent to which he was influenced either directly by the reformers themselves or indirectly by Calvinist theology. This in turn has implications for the (...)
     
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  42.  33
    Francis Bacon and the Laws of Ramus.Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (1):1-23.
    This article assesses the role of the laws of the French logician and educational reformer Petrus Ramus in the writings of Francis Bacon. The laws of Ramus derive from Aristotle’s grounds for necessary propositions. Necessary propositions, according to Aristotle, Ramus, and Bacon, are required for the premises of scientific syllogisms. It is argued that in Bacon’s Advancement of Learning and De augmentis scientiarum the only role for these laws is in the transmission of knowledge that has already been acquired. However, (...)
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  43.  30
    Revisiting Matter, Form and Mechanism in the Seventeenth Century. [REVIEW]Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (3):569-579.
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  44. Locke and the Problem of Necessity in Early Modern Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2016 - In Max Cresswell, Edwin Mares & Adriane Rini (eds.), Logical Modalities from Aristotle to Carnap: The Story of Necessity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 174-193.
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  45.  15
    Locke on Measurement.Peter R. Anstey - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 60:70-81.
  46.  46
    From Scientia to Science. [REVIEW]Peter Anstey - 2011 - Metascience 20 (2):295-297.
    From scientia to science Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9483-3 Authors Peter R. Anstey, Department of Philosophy, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, 9054 New Zealand Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  47. Boyle Against Thinking Matter.Peter R. Anstey - 2001 - In Christopher Luthy, John E. Murdoch & William R. Newman (eds.), Late Medieval and Early Modern Corpuscular Matter Theories. Netherlands: pp. 483-514.
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  48.  19
    Bacon's Last Instalment. [REVIEW]Peter Anstey - 2003 - Minerva 41 (1):89-92.
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  49.  6
    Robert Boyle.Peter R. Anstey & J. J. Macintosh - 2014 - In Edward Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2010 Edition). Stanford University: Metaphysics Research Lab, CSLI. pp. 1-39.
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  50.  29
    Branching Off: The Early Moderns in Quest for the Unity of Knowledge. [REVIEW]Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (4):819 - 822.
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Volume 19, Issue 4, Page 819-822, July 2011.
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