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Peter Clark [47]Peter A. Clark [23]Peter J. Clark [1]
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Peter Clark
University of Melbourne
  1. Overcoming the Legacy of Mistrust: African Americans’ Mistrust of Medical Profession.Marvin J. H. Lee, Kruthika Reddy, Junad Chowdhury, Nishant Kumar, Peter A. Clark, Papa Ndao, Stacey J. Suh & Sarah Song - 2018 - Journal of Healthcare Ethics and Administration 4 (1):16-40.
    Recent studies show that racism still exists in the American medical profession, the fact of which legitimizes the historically long-legacy of mistrust towards medical profession and health authorities among African Americans. Thus, it was suspected that the participation of black patients in end-of-life care has always been significantly low stemmed primarily from their mistrust of the medical profession. On the other hand, much research finds that there are other reasons than the mistrust which makes African Americans feel reluctant to the (...)
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  2.  44
    The Logicism of Frege, Dedekind, and Russell.William Demopoulos & Peter Clark - 2005 - In Stewart Shapiro (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic. Oxford University Press. pp. 129--165.
    The common thread running through the logicism of Frege, Dedekind, and Russell is their opposition to the Kantian thesis that our knowledge of arithmetic rests on spatio-temporal intuition. Our critical exposition of the view proceeds by tracing its answers to three fundamental questions: What is the basis for our knowledge of the infinity of the numbers? How is arithmetic applicable to reality? Why is reasoning by induction justified?
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  3.  94
    Determinism and Probability in Physics.Peter Clark & Jeremy Butterfield - 1987 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 61:185-243.
  4.  47
    Medical Ethics at Guantanamo Bay and Abu Ghraib: The Problem of Dual Loyalty.Peter A. Clark - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (3):570-580.
    Although knowledge of torture and physical and psychological abuse was widespread at both the Guantanamo Bay detention facility and Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, and known to medical personnel, there was no official report before the January 2004 Army investigation of military health personnel reporting abuse, degradation, or signs of torture. Mounting information from many sources, including Pentagon documents, the International Committee of the Red Cross, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, etc., indicate that medical personnel failed to maintain medical records, (...)
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  5.  21
    Placebo Surgery for Parkinson's Disease: Do the Benefits Outweigh the Risks?Peter A. Clark - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (1):58-68.
    In April 1999, Dr. Curt Freed of the University of Colorado in Denver and Dr. Stanley Fahn of Columbia Presbyterian Center in New York presented the results of a four-year, $5.7 million government-financed study using tissue from aborted fetuses to treat Parkinson’s disease at a conference of the American Academy of Neurology. The results of the first government-financed, placebo-controlled clinical study using fetal tissue showed that the symptoms of some Parkinson’s patients had been relieved. This research study involved forty subjects, (...)
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  6.  30
    Mother-to-Child Transmission of Hiv in Botswana: An Ethical Perspective on Mandatory Testing.Peter A. Clark - 2006 - Developing World Bioethics 6 (1):1–12.
    ABSTRACTMother‐to‐child transmission of HIV represents a particularly dramatic aspect of the HIV epidemic with an estimated 600,000 newborns infected yearly, 90% of them living in sub‐Saharan Africa. Since the beginning of the HIV epidemic, an estimated 5.1 million children worldwide have been infected with HIV. MTCT is responsible for 90% of these infections. Two‐thirds of the MTCT are believed to occur during pregnancy and delivery, and about one‐third through breastfeeding. As the number of women of child bearing age infected with (...)
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  7. Reading Putnam.Peter Clark & Bob Hale (eds.) - 1994 - Blackwell.
  8.  32
    Basic Law (V).George Boolos & Peter Clark - 1993 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 67 (1):213 - 249.
  9.  26
    Frege, Neo-Logicism and Applied Mathematics.Peter Clark - 2004 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 11:169-183.
    A little over one hundred years ago , Frege wrote to Russell in the following terms1: I myself was long reluctant to recognize ranges of values and hence classes; but I saw no other possibility of placing arithmetic on a logical foundation. But the question is how do we apprehend logical objects? And I have found no other answer to it than this, We apprehend them as extensions of concepts, or more generally, as ranges of values of functions. I have (...)
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  10.  76
    Hypertasks.Peter Clark & Stephen Read - 1984 - Synthese 61 (3):387 - 390.
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  11.  12
    Determinism and Probability in Physics.Peter Clark & Jeremy Butterfield - 1987 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 61 (1):185-244.
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  12. Mathematical Entities.Peter Clark - 2009 - In Robin Le Poidevin (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Metaphysics. Routledge.
  13.  30
    Physician Participation in Executions: Care Giver or Executioner?Peter A. Clark - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (1):95-104.
    To circumvent objections that the death penalty was “cruel and unusual punishment” and therefore a violation of the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution, advocates proposed lethal injection and the involvement of physicians to overcome the negative perceptions associated with the death penalty, and to increase public acceptability of the practice. Initiated in 1982, lethal injection is now the primary method of execution in 37 of the 38 states with the death penalty. “To be exact, this method has been used to (...)
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  14.  78
    Dummett’s Argument for the Indefinite Extensibility of Set and Real Number.Peter Clark - 1998 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 55 (1):51-63.
    The paper examines Dummett's argument for the indefinite extensibility of the concepts set, ordinal, real number, set of natural numbers, and natural number. In particular it investigates how the indefinite extensibility of the concept set affects our understanding of the notion of real number and whether the argument to the indefinite extensibility of the reals is cogent. It claims that Dummett is right to think of the universe of sets as an indefinitely extensible domain but questions the cogency of the (...)
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  15.  14
    Physics and Philosophy: Selected Essays.Peter J. Clark - 1980 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (118):82.
  16.  11
    Sham Surgery: To Cut or Not to Cut—That Is the Ethical Dilemma.Peter A. Clark - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):66-68.
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  17.  33
    Tube Feedings and Persistent Vegetative State Patients: Ordinary or Extraordinary Means?Peter Clark - 2006 - Christian Bioethics 12 (1):43-64.
    This article looks at the late John Paul II's allocution on artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH) and the implications his statement will have on the ordinary-extraordinary care distinction. The purpose of this article is threefold: first, to examine the medical condition of a persistent vegetative state (PVS); second, to examine and analyze the Catholic Church's tradition on the ordinary-extraordinary means distinction; and third, to analyze the ethics behind the pope's recent allocution in regards to PVS patients as a matter of (...)
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  18. Sets and Indefinitely Extensible Concepts and Classes.Peter Clark - 1993 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 67:235--249.
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  19.  14
    Prejudice and the Medical Profession: A Five-Year Update.Peter A. Clark - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (1):118-133.
    Over the past decades the mortality rate in the United States has decreased and life expectancy has increased. Yet a number of recent studies have drawn Americans attention to the fact that racial and ethnic disparities persist in health care. It is clear that the U.S. health care system is not only flawed for many reasons including basic injustices, but may be the cause of both injury and death for members of racial and ethnic minorities.In 2002, an Institute of Medicine (...)
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  20.  55
    Ontology Reuse and Application.Mike Uschold, Mike Healy, Keith Williamson, Peter Clark & Steven Woods - 1998 - In Nicola Guarino (ed.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Ios Press. pp. 192.
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  21.  26
    Popper on Determinism.Peter Clark - 1995 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 39:149-162.
    There is no doubt at all that the issue of determinism versus indeterminism was a central, dominating theme of Popper's thought. By his own account he saw his criticism of the thesis of determinism as crucial to his defence not only of the reality of human freedom, moral responsibility and creativity but also as equally fundamental to his account of human rationality and to his theory of the content and growth of science as an objective, rational and most importantly demonstrably (...)
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  22.  1
    London School of Economics and Political Science.Peter Clark - 1976 - In Colin Howson (ed.), Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences: The Critical Background to Modern Science, 1800-1905. Cambridge University Press. pp. 41.
  23.  8
    Matter, Motion and Irreversibility. [REVIEW]Peter Clark - 1982 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 33 (2):165-185.
  24. Basic Law.George Boolos & Peter Clark - 1993 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 67:213-249.
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  25. Organizational Memory and Social Memory.Charles Booth, Peter Clark, Agnes Delahaye, Stephen Procter & Michael Rowlinson - 2008 - In Harry Scarbrough (ed.), The Evolution of Business Knowledge. Oxford University Press.
  26. Gilbert Meilaender Holds The.Kevin M. Capuzzi, Peter A. Clark & Norman Daniels - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  27. Undocumented Patients.Kevin M. Capuzzi, Peter A. Clark & Nurahmed Mohammed - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 42 (1):15-16.
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  28. A Catholic Perspective on Organ Donation After Cardiac Death.Peter Clark - 2017 - In Jason Eberl (ed.), Contemporary Controversies in Catholic Bioethics. Springer.
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  29.  39
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Peter Clark - 1995 - Mind 104 (415):664-671.
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  30.  7
    Chronological Codes and Organizational Analysis.Peter Clark - 1990 - In John Hassard & Denis Pym (eds.), The Theory and Philosophy of Organizations: Critical Issues and New Perspectives. Routledge. pp. 137--163.
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  31. Contemporary Issues in Bioethics.Peter A. Clark (ed.) - 2012 - InTech Publisher.
     
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  32.  12
    Dummett’s Argument for the Indefinite Extensibility of Set and Real Number.Peter Clark - 1998 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 55 (1):51-63.
    The paper examines Dummett's argument for the indefinite extensibility of the concepts set, ordinal, real number, set of natural numbers, and natural number. In particular it investigates how the indefinite extensibility of the concept set affects our understanding of the notion of real number and whether the argument to the indefinite extensibility of the reals is cogent. It claims that Dummett is right to think of the universe of sets as an indefinitely extensible domain but questions the cogency of the (...)
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  33.  1
    DENBIGH, KENNETH G.: "Three Concepts of Time". [REVIEW]Peter Clark - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38:122.
  34. Death with Dignity: Ethical and Practical Considerations for Caregivers of the Terminally Ill.Peter A. Clark - 2011 - University of Scranton Press.
    End-of-life issues and questions are complex and frequently cause confusion and anxiety. In _Death with Dignity_,_ _theologian, medical ethicist, and pastoral caregiver Peter A. Clark examines numerous issues that are pertinent to patients, family members, and health care professionals, including physiology, consciousness, the definition of death, the distinction between extraordinary and ordinary means, medical futility, “Do Not Resuscitate” orders, living wills, power of attorney, pain assessment and pain management, palliative and hospice care, the role of spirituality in end-of-life care, and (...)
     
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  35.  4
    Explanation in Physical Theory.Peter Clark - 1990 - In D. Knowles (ed.), Explanation and its Limits. Cambridge University Press. pp. 155--175.
  36.  29
    Explanation in Physics: Explanation in Physical Theory: Peter Clark.Peter Clark - 1990 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:155-175.
    The corpus of physical theory is a paradigm of knowledge. The evolution of modern physical theory constitutes the clearest exemplar of the growth of knowledge. If the development of physical theory does not constitute an example of progress and growth in what we know about the Universe nothing does. So anyone interested in the theory of knowledge must be interested consequently in the evolution and content of physical theory. Crucial to the conception of physics as a paradigm of knowledge is (...)
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  37.  58
    Elkana on Helmholtz and the Conservation of Energy. [REVIEW]Peter Clark - 1976 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 27:165.
  38.  29
    Geoffrey Hellman. Mathematics Without Numbers. Towards a Modal-Structural Interpretation. Clarendon Press, Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York1989, Xi + 154 Pp. [REVIEW]Peter Clark - 1995 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (4):1310-1312.
  39.  4
    Logic, Plrysics and Intuition.Peter Clark - 2015 - Philosophical Inquiry 39 (1):38-48.
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  40.  20
    Logicism, the Continuum and Anti-Realism.Peter Clark - 1993 - Analysis 53 (3):129 - 141.
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  41.  17
    Medication Errors in Family Practice, in Hospitals and After Discharge From the Hospital An Ethical Analysis.Peter A. Clark - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (2):349-357.
    The issue of death due to medical errors is not new. We have all heard horror stories about patients dying in the hospital because of a drug mix-up or a surgery patient having the wrong limb amputated. Most people believed these stories were the exception to the rule until November 1999, when the Institute of Medicine issued a report entitled To Err Is Human: Building A Safer Health System. This report focused on medical errors and patient safety in U.S. hospitals. (...)
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  42.  6
    Medication Errors in Family Practice, in Hospitals and After Discharge From the Hospital: An Ethical Analysis.Peter A. Clark - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (2):349-357.
    The issue of death due to medical errors is not new. We have all heard horror stories about patients dying in the hospital because of a drug mix-up or a surgery patient having the wrong limb amputated. Most people believed these stories were the exception to the rule until November 1999, when the Institute of Medicine issued a report entitled To Err Is Human: Building A Safer Health System. This report focused on medical errors and patient safety in U.S. hospitals. (...)
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  43. Mind, Psychoanalysis and Science.Peter Clark & Crispin Wright - 1990 - Philosophical Quarterly 40 (159):241-254.
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  44. Mind, Psychoanalysis and Science.Peter Clark & Crispin Wright - 1990 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 52 (1):169-170.
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  45.  3
    Mother‐to‐Child Transmission of Hiv in Botswana: An Ethical Perspective on Mandatory Testing.Peter A. Clark - 2006 - Developing World Bioethics 6 (1):1-12.
    ABSTRACTMother‐to‐child transmission of HIV represents a particularly dramatic aspect of the HIV epidemic with an estimated 600,000 newborns infected yearly, 90% of them living in sub‐Saharan Africa. Since the beginning of the HIV epidemic, an estimated 5.1 million children worldwide have been infected with HIV. MTCT is responsible for 90% of these infections. Two‐thirds of the MTCT are believed to occur during pregnancy and delivery, and about one‐third through breastfeeding. As the number of women of child bearing age infected with (...)
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  46.  25
    Non-Heart-Beating Organ Donation and Catholic Ethics.Peter A. Clark & Uday Deshmukh - 2004 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 4 (3):537-551.
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  47.  39
    Nonmonotonic Reasoning , Argumentation and Machine Learning 1 Introduction.Peter Clark - 1990 - Argumentation:1-11.
    Machine learning and nonmonotonic reasoning are closely related, both concerned with making plausible as well as certain inferences based on available data. In this document a brief overview of different approaches to nonmonotonic reasoning is presented, and it is shown how the concept of argumentation systems arises. The relationship with machine learning work is also discussed. The document aims to highlight the links between nonmonotonic reasoning, argumentation and machine learning and as a result propose some potentially useful directions for new (...)
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  48. Problems of Determinism: Prediction, Propensity and Probability.Peter Clark - 2006 - In Wenceslao J. González & Jesus Alcolea (eds.), Contemporary Perspectives in Philosophy and Methodology of Science. Netbiblio.
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  49.  22
    Philosophy of Science Today.Peter Clark & Katherine Hawley (eds.) - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Philosophy of Science Today offers a state-of-the-art guide to this fast-developing area. An eminent international team of authors covers a wide range of topics at the intersection of philosophy and the sciences, including causation, realism, methodology, epistemology, and the philosophical foundations of physics, biology, and psychology.
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  50.  50
    Poincaré, Richard's Paradox and Indefinite Extensilibity.Peter Clark - 1994 - Psa 2:227--235.
    A central theme in the foundational debates in the early Twentieth century in response to the paradoxes was to invoke the notion of the indefinite extensibility of certain concepts e,g. definability (the Richard paradox) and class (the Zermelo-Russell contradiction). Dummett has recently revived the notion, as the real lesson of the paradoxes and the source of Frege's error in basic law five of the Grundgesetze. The paper traces the historical and conceptual evolution of the concept and critices Dummett's argument that (...)
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