15 found
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  1. A Promising Candidate to Reliably Index Attentional Bias Toward Alcohol Cues–An Adapted Odd-One-Out Visual Search Task.Janika Heitmann, Nienke C. Jonker & Peter J. de Jong - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Attentional bias has been suggested to contribute to the persistence of substance use behavior. However, the empirical evidence for its proposed role in addiction is inconsistent. This might be due to the inability of commonly used measures to differentiate between attentional engagement and attentional disengagement. Attesting to the importance of differentiating between both components of AB, a recent study using the odd-one-out task showed that substance use was differentially related to engagement and disengagement bias. However, the AB measures derived from (...)
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  2.  13
    Emotional Facial Expressions and the Attentional Blink: Attenuated Blink for Angry and Happy Faces Irrespective of Social Anxiety.Peter J. de Jong, Ernst Hw Koster, Rineke van Wees & Sander Martens - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (8):1640-1652.
  3.  53
    Preferential Processing of Visual Trauma-Film Reminders Predicts Subsequent Intrusive Memories.Johan Verwoerd, Ineke Wessel, Peter J. de Jong & Maurice Mw Nieuwenhuis - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (8):1537-1551.
  4. Attentional Bias in Alcohol and Cannabis Use Disorder Outpatients as Indexed by an Odd-One-Out Visual Search Task: Evidence for Speeded Detection of Substance Cues but Not for Heightened Distraction.Janika Heitmann & Peter J. de Jong - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Current cognitive models of addiction imply that speeded detection and increased distraction from substance cues might both independently contribute to the persistence of addictive behavior. Speeded detection might lower the threshold for experiencing craving, whereas increased distraction might further increase the probability of entering a bias-craving-bias cycle, thereby lowering the threshold for repeated substance use. This study was designed to examine whether indeed both attentional processes are involved in substance use disorders. Both attentional processes were indexed by an Odd-One-Out visual (...)
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  5. Why Dieters Succeed or Fail: The Relationship Between Reward and Punishment Sensitivity and Restrained Eating and Dieting Success.Nienke C. Jonker, Elise C. Bennik & Peter J. de Jong - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    BackgroundThe current study set out to improve our understanding of the characteristics of individuals who are motivated to restrict their food intake yet who nevertheless fail to do so. We examined whether punishment sensitivity was related to restrained eating, and reward sensitivity to perceived dieting success. Additionally, it was examined whether executive control moderates the association between RS and perceived dieting success.MethodsFemale student participants completed questionnaires on restrained eating, perceived dieting success, RS and PS, and carried out a behavioral task (...)
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  6.  6
    Fewer Intrusions After an Attentional Bias Modification Training for Perceptual Reminders of Analogue Trauma.Johan Verwoerd, Ineke Wessel & Peter J. de Jong - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (1):153-165.
  7.  17
    Implicit Self- and Other-Associations in Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder Traits.Anoek Weertman, Arnoud Arntz, Peter J. de Jong & Mike Rinck - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (7):1253-1275.
  8.  14
    Automatic Approach Tendencies Toward High and Low Caloric Food in Restrained Eaters: Influence of Task-Relevance and Mood.Renate A. M. Neimeijer, Anne Roefs, Brian D. Ostafin & Peter J. de Jong - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  9.  21
    Belief Bias and the Extinction of Induced Fear.Maartje S. Vroling & Peter J. de Jong - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (8):1405-1420.
  10.  6
    No Differential Reward Responsivity and Drive, Punishment Sensitivity or Attention for Cues Signaling Reward or Punishment in Adolescents With Obesity.Nienke C. Jonker, Eva van Malderen, Klaske A. Glashouwer, Leentje Vervoort, Caroline Braet, Lien Goossens & Peter J. de Jong - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  11.  5
    Negative Body Image Is Not Related to Spontaneous Body-Scaled Motoric Behavior in Undergraduate Women.Klaske A. Glashouwer, Charlotte Meulman & Peter J. de Jong - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  12.  11
    Relevance of Research on Experimental Psychopathology to Substance Misuse.Peter J. de Jong, Merel Kindt & Anne Roefs - 2006 - In Reinout W. Wiers & Alan W. Stacy (eds.), Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction. Sage Publications.
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  13.  12
    No Convincing Evidence for a Biological Preparedness Explanation of Phobias.Peter J. de Jong & Harald Merckelbach - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):362-363.
    The nonrandom distribution of fears is not as clearly related to phylogenetically survival relevance as preparedness theory seems to imply. Although delayed extinction reflects some of the best human evidence for preparedness, even this phenomenon is not as robust as it once seemed to be. Apart from the evidence reviewed by Davey, recent studies from our laboratory provide further evidence for an expectancy bias model of selective associations.
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  14.  7
    Is Disgust Sensitive to Classical Conditioning as Indexed by Facial Electromyography and Behavioural Responses?Charmaine Borg, Renske C. Bosman, Iris Engelhard, Bunmi O. Olatunji & Peter J. de Jong - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (4).
  15.  2
    The Causal Influence of Life Meaning on Weight and Shape Concerns in Women at Risk for Developing an Eating Disorder.Sanne F. W. van Doornik, Klaske A. Glashouwer, Brian D. Ostafin & Peter J. de Jong - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: Although previous studies have shown an inverse relation between life meaning and eating disorder symptoms, the correlational nature of this evidence precludes causal inferences. Therefore, this study used an experimental approach to test the causal impact of life meaning on individuals' weight and shape concerns.Methods: Female students at risk for developing an eating disorder were randomly assigned to the control or the meaning condition, which involved thinking about and committing to pursue intrinsically valued life goals. A color-naming interference task (...)
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