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  1.  13
    Thinking May Be More Than Computing.Peter Kugel - 1986 - Cognition 22 (2):137-198.
  2. Computing Machines Can't Be Intelligent (...And Turing Said So).Peter Kugel - 2002 - Minds and Machines 12 (4):563-579.
    According to the conventional wisdom, Turing said that computing machines can be intelligent. I don't believe it. I think that what Turing really said was that computing machines –- computers limited to computing –- can only fake intelligence. If we want computers to become genuinelyintelligent, we will have to give them enough “initiative” to do more than compute. In this paper, I want to try to develop this idea. I want to explain how giving computers more ``initiative'' can allow them (...)
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  3.  13
    When is a Computer Not a Computer?Peter Kugel - 1986 - Cognition 23 (1):89-94.
  4.  7
    Implicit Learning From a Computer-Science Perspective.Peter Kugel - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):556-557.
    Shanks and St. John (1994a) suggest that From the viewpoint of a computer scientist who tries to construct learning systems, that claim seems rather implausible. In this commentary I wish to suggest why, in the hopes of shedding light on the relationship between consciousness and learning.
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  5. Intelligence Requires More Than Computing... And Turing Said So.Peter Kugel - 2002 - Minds and Machines 12 (4):563-579.
    According to the conventional wisdom, Turing said that computing machines can be intelligent. I don't believe it. I think that what Turing really said was that computing machines –- computers limited to computing –- can only fake intelligence. If we want computers to become genuinelyintelligent, we will have to give them enough “initiative” to do more than compute. In this paper, I want to try to develop this idea. I want to explain how giving computers more ``initiative'' can allow them (...)
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  6.  92
    The Chinese Room is a Trick.Peter Kugel - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):153-154.
    To convince us that computers cannot have mental states, Searle (1980) imagines a “Chinese room” that simulates a computer that “speaks” Chinese and asks us to find the understanding in the room. It's a trick. There is no understanding in the room, not because computers can't have it, but because the room's computer-simulation is defective. Fix it and understanding appears. Abracadabra!
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