Results for 'Peter M��ttig'

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  1.  45
    Me and Mine.Peter M. Jaworski & David Shoemaker - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (1):1-22.
    In this paper we articulate and diagnose a previously unrecognized problem for theories of entitlement, what we call the Claims Conundrum. It applies to all entitlements that are originally generated by some claim-generating action, such as laboring, promising, or contract-signing. The Conundrum is spurred by the very plausible thought that a later claim to the object to which one is entitled is a function of whether that original claim-generating action is attributable to one. This is further assumed to depend on (...)
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  2. Understanding Curriculum: An Introduction to the Study of Historical and Contemporary Curriculum Discourses (William Pinar, William M. Reynolds, Patrick Slattery and Peter M. Taubman). [REVIEW]M. Peters - 1999 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 31:254-258.
     
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  3. Reassessing Specialization in Prepalatial Cretan Ceramic Production.Peter M. Day, David E. Wilson & Evangelia Kiriatzi - 1997 - Techne: Craftsmen, Craftswomen and Craftsmanship in the Aegean Bronze Age, Aegaeum 16:275-290.
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  4. Agricultural Enlightenment: Knowledge, Technology, and Nature, 1750-1840.Peter M. Jones - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Agricultural Enlightenment explores the economic underpinnings of the Enlightenment to argue the case that the expansion of the so-called knowledge economy in the second half of the eighteenth century powerfully influenced governments and all those who worked in agriculture, or who sought to derive profit from the productive use of the land.
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  5.  3
    Rifle Shooting for Athletes With Vision Impairment: Does One Class Fit All?Peter M. Allen, Keziah Latham, Rianne H. J. C. Ravensbergen, Joy Myint & David L. Mann - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  6. Psyche Bei Platon.Peter M. Steiner - 1992
  7.  48
    The Intellectual Powers: A Study of Human Nature.Peter M. S. Hacker - 2013 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _The Intellectual Powers_ is a philosophical investigation into the cognitive and cogitative powers of mankind. It develops a connective analysis of our powers of consciousness, intentionality, mastery of language, knowledge, belief, certainty, sensation, perception, memory, thought, and imagination, by one of Britain’s leading philosophers. It is an essential guide and handbook for philosophers, psychologists, and cognitive neuroscientists. The culmination of 45 years of reflection on the philosophy of mind, epistemology, and the nature of the human person No other book in (...)
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  8. Précis of Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart.Peter M. Todd & Gerd Gigerenzer - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):727-741.
    How can anyone be rational in a world where knowledge is limited, time is pressing, and deep thought is often an unattainable luxury? Traditional models of unbounded rationality and optimization in cognitive science, economics, and animal behavior have tended to view decision-makers as possessing supernatural powers of reason, limitless knowledge, and endless time. But understanding decisions in the real world requires a more psychologically plausible notion of bounded rationality. In Simple heuristics that make us smart (Gigerenzer et al. 1999), we (...)
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  9.  4
    Well-Quasi Orders in Computation, Logic, Language and Reasoning: A Unifying Concept of Proof Theory, Automata Theory, Formal Languages and Descriptive Set Theory.Peter M. Schuster, Monika Seisenberger & Andreas Weiermann (eds.) - 2020 - Cham, Switzerland: Springer Verlag.
    This book bridges the gaps between logic, mathematics and computer science by delving into the theory of well-quasi orders, also known as wqos. This highly active branch of combinatorics is deeply rooted in and between many fields of mathematics and logic, including proof theory, commutative algebra, braid groups, graph theory, analytic combinatorics, theory of relations, reverse mathematics and subrecursive hierarchies. As a unifying concept for slick finiteness or termination proofs, wqos have been rediscovered in diverse contexts, and proven to be (...)
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  10.  5
    Atheist Delusions: The Christian Revolution and its Fashionable Enemies – By David Bentley Hart.Peter M. Candler - 2011 - Modern Theology 27 (1):202-206.
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  11. Newman's Objection.Peter M. Ainsworth - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (1):135-171.
    This paper is a review of work on Newman's objection to epistemic structural realism (ESR). In Section 2, a brief statement of ESR is provided. In Section 3, Newman's objection and its recent variants are outlined. In Section 4, two responses that argue that the objection can be evaded by abandoning the Ramsey-sentence approach to ESR are considered. In Section 5, three responses that have been put forward specifically to rescue the Ramsey-sentence approach to ESR from the modern versions of (...)
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  12.  2
    Performance and Design Evaluation of the RAID-II Storage Server.Peter M. Chen, Edward K. Lee, Ann L. Drapeau, Ken Lutz, Ethan L. Miller, Srinivasan Seshan, Ken Shirriff, David A. Patterson & Randy H. Katz - 1994 - Distributed and Parallel Databases 2.
    RAID-II is a high-bandwidth, network-attached storage server designed and implemented at the University of California at Berkeley. In this paper, we measure the performance of RAID-II and evaluate various architectural decisions made during the design process. We first measure the end-to-end performance of the system to be approximately 20 MB/s for both disk array reads and writes. We then perform a bottleneck analysis by examining the performance of each individual subsystem and conclude that the disk subsystem limits performance. By adding (...)
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  13.  51
    32 Peter M. Sullivan.Peter Sullivan - manuscript
    Define ‘het’ as a predicate that truly applies to itself if and only if it does not truly apply to itself and which also truly applies to any predicate that does not truly apply to its own name. We know that the attempted definition of ‘hes’ is a failure, and so a fortiori is that of ‘het’. Similarly, there is no Qussell class which contains itself as a member if and only if it does not contain itself as a member, (...)
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  14.  1
    Philosophy and Logic in Central Europe From Bolzano to Tarski.Peter M. Simons - 1992 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    This book with an introduction by Witold Marciszewski, views the history of philosophy and logic from 1837 to 1939 from the perspective of the cradle of modern exact philosophy - Central Europe. In a series of case studies, it illuminates the developments in this region, most notably in Austria and Poland, examining thinkers such as Bolzano, Brentano, Meinong, Husserl, Twardowski, Lesniewski, and Tarski, as well as the logicians like Frege and Russell with whom they bore a close resemblance. The book (...)
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  15.  14
    Why We Should Not Let the Cheerfully Demented Die.David G. Limbaugh, Peter M. Koch & Eric C. Merrell - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (8):96-98.
    Volume 20, Issue 8, August 2020, Page 96-98.
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  16.  26
    Environments That Make Us Smart Ecological Rationality.Peter M. Todd & Gerd Gigerenzer - 2007 - Current Directions in Psychological Science 16 (3):167-171.
    Traditional views of rationality posit general-purpose decision mechanisms based on logic or optimization. The study of ecological rationality focuses on uncovering the “adaptive toolbox” of domain-specific simple heuristics that real, computationally bounded minds employ, and explaining how these heuristics produce accurate decisions by exploiting the structures of information in the environments in which they are applied. Knowing when and how people use particular heuristics can facilitate the shaping of environments to engender better decisions.
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  17. What Should We Want From a Robot Ethic.Peter M. Asaro - 2006 - International Review of Information Ethics 6 (12):9-16.
    There are at least three things we might mean by "ethics in robotics": the ethical systems built into robots, the ethics of people who design and use robots, and the ethics of how people treat robots. This paper argues that the best approach to robot ethics is one which addresses all three of these, and to do this it ought to consider robots as socio-technical systems. By so doing, it is possible to think of a continuum of agency that lies (...)
     
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  18. Appearance and Reality: A Philosophical Investigation Into Perception and Perceptual Qualities.PETER M. S. HACKER - 1987 - Philosophy 64 (247):116-119.
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  19.  38
    Building the Theory of Ecological Rationality.Peter M. Todd & Henry Brighton - 2016 - Minds and Machines 26 (1-2):9-30.
    While theories of rationality and decision making typically adopt either a single-powertool perspective or a bag-of-tricks mentality, the research program of ecological rationality bridges these with a theoretically-driven account of when different heuristic decision mechanisms will work well. Here we described two ways to study how heuristics match their ecological setting: The bottom-up approach starts with psychologically plausible building blocks that are combined to create simple heuristics that fit specific environments. The top-down approach starts from the statistical problem facing the (...)
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  20. Identity Theories of Truth and the Tractatus.Peter M. Sullivan - 2005 - Philosophical Investigations 28 (1):43–62.
    The paper is concerned with the idea that the world is the totality of facts, not of things – with what is involved in thinking of the world in that way, and why one might do so. It approaches this issue through a comparison between Wittgenstein’s Tractatus and the identity theory of truth proposed by Hornsby and McDowell.The paper’s positive conclusion is that there is a genuine affinity between these two. A negative contention is that the modern identity theory is (...)
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  21.  96
    The Psychology of Action: Linking Cognition and Motivation to Behavior.Peter M. Gollwitzer & John A. Bargh (eds.) - 1996 - Guilford.
    Moving beyond the traditional, and unproductive, rivalry between the fields of motivation and cognition, this book integrates the two domains to shed new light ...
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  22. Wittgenstein on Grammar, Theses and Dogmatism.Peter M. S. Hacker - 2012 - Philosophical Investigations 35 (1):1-17.
    It is sometimes argued that Wittgenstein's conception of grammar and the role he allocated to grammar (in his sense of the term) in philosophy changed between the Big Typescript and the Philosophical Investigations. It is also held that some of the grammatical propositions Wittgenstein asserted prior to his writing of the Philosophical Investigations are theses, doctrines, opinions or dogmatism, which he abandoned by 1936/37. The purpose of this paper is to show these claims to be misunderstandings and misinterpretations. On all (...)
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  23. Conditionalization and Expected Utility.Peter M. Brown - 1976 - Philosophy of Science 43 (3):415-419.
  24. On Trying to Be Resolute: A Response to Kremer on the Tractatus.Peter M. Sullivan - 2002 - European Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):43-78.
    A way of reading the Tractatus has been proposed which, according to its advocates, is importantly novel and essentially distinct from anything to be found in the work of such previously influential students of the book as Anscombe, Stenius, Hacker or Pears. The point of difference is differently described, but the currently most used description seems to be Goldfarb’s term ‘resolution’ – hence one speaks of ‘the resolute reading’. I’ll shortly ask what resolution is. For now, it is enough that (...)
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  25. Farewell to Substance: A Differentiated Leave-Taking.Peter M. Simons - 1998 - Ratio 11 (3):235–252.
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  26.  72
    Alain Badiou, Jacques Lacan and the Ethics of Teaching.Peter M. Taubman - 2010 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 42 (2):196-212.
    This paper argues that Badiou's and Lacan's theorizations of ethics offer a way to formulate an ethics of teaching and to explore what such an ethics might look like when teachers encounter events that disrupt their quotidian lives. Relying on the work of Badiou and Lacan, the paper critiques mainstream approaches to the ethics of teaching and sketches an alternative pedagogical ethics.
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  27. What is the Tractatus About?Peter M. Sullivan - 2004 - In Max Kölbel & Bernhard Weiss (eds.), Wittgenstein's Lasting Significance. Routledge. pp. 28-41.
     
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  28. Frege's Logic.Peter M. Sullivan - 2004 - In Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods & Akihiro Kanamori (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier. pp. 659-750.
  29. Tort Law and Social Morality.Peter M. Gerhart - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book develops a theory of tort law that integrates deontic and consequential approaches by applying justificational analysis to identify the factors, circumstances, and values that shape tort law. Drawing on Kantian and Rawlsian philosophy, and on the insights of game theorist Ken Binmore, this book refocuses tort law on a single theory of responsibility that explains and justifies the broad range of tort doctrine and concepts. Under this theory, tort law asks people to appropriately incorporate the well-being of others (...)
     
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  30.  96
    The General Propositional Form is a Variable’.Peter M. Sullivan - 2004 - Mind 113 (449):43-56.
    Wittgenstein presents in the Tractatus a variable purporting to capture the general form of proposition. One understanding of what Wittgenstein is doing there, an understanding in line with the ‘new’ reading of his work championed by Diamond, Conant and others, sees it as a deflationary or even an implosive move—a move by which a concept sometimes put by philosophers to distinctively metaphysical use is replaced, in a perspicuous notation, by an innocent device of generalization, thereby dispersing the clouds of philosophy (...)
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  31.  10
    A Model for Visual Shape Recognition.Peter M. Milner - 1974 - Psychological Review 81 (6):521-535.
  32. The Totality of Facts.Peter M. Sullivan - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (2):175–192.
    Wittgenstein, in the Tractatus, conceives the world as ‘the totality of facts’. Type-stratification threatens that conception : the totality of facts is an obvious example of an illegitimate totality. Wittgenstein’s notion of truthoperation evidently has some role to play in avoiding that threat, allowing propositions, and so facts, to constitute a single type. The paper seeks to explain that role in a way that integrates the ‘philosophical’ and ‘technical’ pressures on the notion of an operation.
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  33.  51
    Sexual Love and Western Morality: A Philosophical Anthology, 2nd Ed. [REVIEW]Peter M. Schuller - 1996 - Teaching Philosophy 19 (2):173-178.
  34. The Natural Philosophy of James Clerk Maxwell.Peter M. Harman - 2001
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  35.  41
    Graham Greene and Christian Despair: Tragic Aesthetics in Brighton Rock and The Heart of the Matter.Peter M. Sinclair - 2011 - Renascence 63 (2):131-146.
  36.  11
    The Philosophy of Education of William Torrey Harris in the Annual Reports.Peter M. Collins - 2008 - Upa.
    The intertwining careers of William Torrey Harris converge in twelve of the Annual Reports of the Board of Directors for St. Louis Public Schools. Harris formulated most of the essential features of these twelve reports as the Superintendent of Schools from 1867 to 1869. These particular reports—which have been acclaimed nationally and internationally—are said to be among the most valuable official publications in American educational literature. They are far different from the descriptive documents originally intended by their author. This study (...)
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  37. Property Law and Social Morality.Peter M. Gerhart - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    Property Law and Social Morality develops a theory of property that highlights the social construction of obligations that individuals owe each other. By viewing property law through the lens of obligations rather than through the lens of rights, the author affirms the existence of important property rights and defines the scope of those rights. By describing the scope of the decisions that individuals are permitted to make and the requirements of other-regarding decisions, the author develops a single theory to explain (...)
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  38. The Control of the Unwanted.Peter M. Gollwitzer, Ute C. Bayer & Kathleen C. McCulloch - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 485--515.
  39.  79
    Token resistance.Peter M. Simons - 1982 - Analysis 42 (4):195.
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  40.  38
    The Denotation of Generic Terms in Ancient Indian Philosophy: Grammar, Nyāya, and Mīmāṃsā.Peter M. Scharf - 1996 - American Philosophical Society.
    Introduction By the late fifth century BCE Panini had composed the Astadhyayi, consisting of nearly 4000 rules giving a precise and fairly complete ...
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  41.  7
    Simultaneous Consonance in Music Perception and Composition.Peter M. C. Harrison & Marcus T. Pearce - 2020 - Psychological Review 127 (2):216-244.
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  42.  9
    The Totality of Facts.Peter M. Sullivan - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (1):175-192.
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  43.  68
    The Functional Model of Sentential Complexity.Peter M. Sullivan - 1992 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 21 (1):91 - 108.
  44. De Veritate: Austro-Polish Contributions to the Theory of Truth From Brentano to Tarski.Peter M. Simons & Jan Wolenski - 1989 - In Klemens Szaniawski (ed.), The Vienna Circle and the Lvov-Warsaw School. Dordrecht.
  45.  21
    Max Horkheimer: A New Interpretation.Peter M. R. Stirk - 1992 - Barnes & Noble.
    Introduction Max Horkheimer was born on February in Stuttgart. By the time he died, on 7 July in Nuremberg, he had played a decisive role in launching and ...
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  46. The 'Truth' in Solipsism, and Wittgenstein's Rejection of the A Priori.Peter M. Sullivan - 1996 - European Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):195-220.
  47.  20
    The Use of Usus and the Function of Functio: Teleology and Its Limits in Descartes’s Physiology.Peter M. Distelzweig - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (3):377-399.
    rené descartes famously and explicitly rejects appeals to final causes in natural philosophy, suggesting that such appeals depend on knowledge of God’s inscrutable ends.For since I now know that my own nature is very weak and limited, whereas the nature of God is immense, incomprehensible and infinite, I also know without more ado that he is capable of countless things whose causes are beyond my knowledge. And for this reason alone I consider the whole kind of causes, customarily sought from (...)
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  48.  94
    Brentano's Reform of Logic.Peter M. Simons - 1987 - Topoi 6 (1):25-38.
  49.  7
    Caterina Zanfi: Bergson und die deutsche Philosophie. 1907–1932. Mit einem Vorwort von Frédéric Worms. In der Übersetzung von Peter Nickl. Freiburg 2018. Karl Alber Verlag. 336 S. [REVIEW]Peter M. Steiner - 2018 - Philosophische Rundschau 65 (4):338.
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  50. Metaphysik im postmetaphysischen Zeitalter.Uwe Meixner & Peter M. Simons (eds.) - 1999
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