Results for 'Peter M. Atteslander'

998 found
Order:
  1. Précis of Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart.Peter M. Todd & Gerd Gigerenzer - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):727-741.
    How can anyone be rational in a world where knowledge is limited, time is pressing, and deep thought is often an unattainable luxury? Traditional models of unbounded rationality and optimization in cognitive science, economics, and animal behavior have tended to view decision-makers as possessing supernatural powers of reason, limitless knowledge, and endless time. But understanding decisions in the real world requires a more psychologically plausible notion of bounded rationality. In Simple heuristics that make us smart (Gigerenzer et al. 1999), we (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   53 citations  
  2.  24
    Environments That Make Us Smart Ecological Rationality.Peter M. Todd & Gerd Gigerenzer - 2007 - Current Directions in Psychological Science 16 (3):167-171.
    Traditional views of rationality posit general-purpose decision mechanisms based on logic or optimization. The study of ecological rationality focuses on uncovering the “adaptive toolbox” of domain-specific simple heuristics that real, computationally bounded minds employ, and explaining how these heuristics produce accurate decisions by exploiting the structures of information in the environments in which they are applied. Knowing when and how people use particular heuristics can facilitate the shaping of environments to engender better decisions.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  3.  96
    Farewell to Substance: A Differentiated Leave-Taking.Peter M. Simons - 1998 - Ratio 11 (3):235–252.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  4.  44
    The Intellectual Powers: A Study of Human Nature.Peter M. S. Hacker - 2013 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _The Intellectual Powers_ is a philosophical investigation into the cognitive and cogitative powers of mankind. It develops a connective analysis of our powers of consciousness, intentionality, mastery of language, knowledge, belief, certainty, sensation, perception, memory, thought, and imagination, by one of Britain’s leading philosophers. It is an essential guide and handbook for philosophers, psychologists, and cognitive neuroscientists. The culmination of 45 years of reflection on the philosophy of mind, epistemology, and the nature of the human person No other book in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  5. On Trying to Be Resolute: A Response to Kremer on the Tractatus.Peter M. Sullivan - 2002 - European Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):43-78.
    A way of reading the Tractatus has been proposed which, according to its advocates, is importantly novel and essentially distinct from anything to be found in the work of such previously influential students of the book as Anscombe, Stenius, Hacker or Pears. The point of difference is differently described, but the currently most used description seems to be Goldfarb’s term ‘resolution’ – hence one speaks of ‘the resolute reading’. I’ll shortly ask what resolution is. For now, it is enough that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  6. Identity Theories of Truth and the Tractatus.Peter M. Sullivan - 2005 - Philosophical Investigations 28 (1):43–62.
    The paper is concerned with the idea that the world is the totality of facts, not of things – with what is involved in thinking of the world in that way, and why one might do so. It approaches this issue through a comparison between Wittgenstein’s Tractatus and the identity theory of truth proposed by Hornsby and McDowell.The paper’s positive conclusion is that there is a genuine affinity between these two. A negative contention is that the modern identity theory is (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  7. Newman's Objection.Peter M. Ainsworth - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (1):135-171.
    This paper is a review of work on Newman's objection to epistemic structural realism (ESR). In Section 2, a brief statement of ESR is provided. In Section 3, Newman's objection and its recent variants are outlined. In Section 4, two responses that argue that the objection can be evaded by abandoning the Ramsey-sentence approach to ESR are considered. In Section 5, three responses that have been put forward specifically to rescue the Ramsey-sentence approach to ESR from the modern versions of (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   35 citations  
  8.  93
    The General Propositional Form is a Variable’.Peter M. Sullivan - 2004 - Mind 113 (449):43-56.
    Wittgenstein presents in the Tractatus a variable purporting to capture the general form of proposition. One understanding of what Wittgenstein is doing there, an understanding in line with the ‘new’ reading of his work championed by Diamond, Conant and others, sees it as a deflationary or even an implosive move—a move by which a concept sometimes put by philosophers to distinctively metaphysical use is replaced, in a perspicuous notation, by an innocent device of generalization, thereby dispersing the clouds of philosophy (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  9.  37
    Building the Theory of Ecological Rationality.Peter M. Todd & Henry Brighton - 2016 - Minds and Machines 26 (1-2):9-30.
    While theories of rationality and decision making typically adopt either a single-powertool perspective or a bag-of-tricks mentality, the research program of ecological rationality bridges these with a theoretically-driven account of when different heuristic decision mechanisms will work well. Here we described two ways to study how heuristics match their ecological setting: The bottom-up approach starts with psychologically plausible building blocks that are combined to create simple heuristics that fit specific environments. The top-down approach starts from the statistical problem facing the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  10. Frege's Logic.Peter M. Sullivan - 2004 - In Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods & Akihiro Kanamori (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier. pp. 659-750.
  11.  73
    Token resistance.Peter M. Simons - 1982 - Analysis 42 (4):195.
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  12. What is the Tractatus About?Peter M. Sullivan - 2004 - In Max Kölbel & Bernhard Weiss (eds.), Wittgenstein's Lasting Significance. Routledge. pp. 28-41.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  13. The Totality of Facts.Peter M. Sullivan - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (2):175–192.
    Wittgenstein, in the Tractatus, conceives the world as ‘the totality of facts’. Type-stratification threatens that conception : the totality of facts is an obvious example of an illegitimate totality. Wittgenstein’s notion of truthoperation evidently has some role to play in avoiding that threat, allowing propositions, and so facts, to constitute a single type. The paper seeks to explain that role in a way that integrates the ‘philosophical’ and ‘technical’ pressures on the notion of an operation.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  14.  33
    The Denotation of Generic Terms in Ancient Indian Philosophy: Grammar, Nyāya and Mīmāṃsā.Peter M. Scharf - 1996 - American Philosophical Society.
    Introduction By the late fifth century BCE Panini had composed the Astadhyayi, consisting of nearly 4000 rules giving a precise and fairly complete ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  15.  90
    Brentano's Reform of Logic.Peter M. Simons - 1987 - Topoi 6 (1):25-38.
  16.  47
    Husserl and Frege. [REVIEW]Peter M. Simons - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (136):420.
  17. De Veritate: Austro-Polish Contributions to the Theory of Truth From Brentano to Tarski.Peter M. Simons & Jan Wolenski - 1989 - In Klemens Szaniawski (ed.), The Vienna Circle and the Lvov-Warsaw School. Dordrecht.
  18. What Should We Want From a Robot Ethic.Peter M. Asaro - 2006 - International Review of Information Ethics 6 (12):9-16.
    There are at least three things we might mean by "ethics in robotics": the ethical systems built into robots, the ethics of people who design and use robots, and the ethics of how people treat robots. This paper argues that the best approach to robot ethics is one which addresses all three of these, and to do this it ought to consider robots as socio-technical systems. By so doing, it is possible to think of a continuum of agency that lies (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  19. Appearance and Reality: A Philosophical Investigation Into Perception and Perceptual Qualities.PETER M. S. HACKER - 1987 - Cambridge: Blackwell.
  20.  61
    The Evolutionary Psychology of Extraterrestrial Intelligence: Are There Universal Adaptations in Search, Aversion, and Signaling?Peter M. Todd & Geoffrey F. Miller - 2018 - Biological Theory 13 (2):131-141.
    To understand the possible forms of extraterrestrial intelligence, we need not only astrobiology theories about how life evolves given habitable planets, but also evolutionary psychology theories about how intelligence emerges given life. Wherever intelligent organisms evolve, they are likely to face similar behavioral challenges in their physical and social worlds. The cognitive mechanisms that arise to meet these challenges may then be copied, repurposed, and shaped by further evolutionary selection to deal with more abstract, higher-level cognitive tasks such as conceptual (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21. Appearance and Reality: A Philosophical Investigation Into Perception and Perceptual Qualities.PETER M. S. HACKER - 1987 - Philosophy 64 (247):116-119.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations  
  22.  22
    The Context of the Phenomenological Movement.Peter M. Simons - 1984 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (3):426-428.
  23.  97
    Wittgenstein on Grammar, Theses and Dogmatism.Peter M. S. Hacker - 2012 - Philosophical Investigations 35 (1):1-17.
    It is sometimes argued that Wittgenstein's conception of grammar and the role he allocated to grammar (in his sense of the term) in philosophy changed between the Big Typescript and the Philosophical Investigations. It is also held that some of the grammatical propositions Wittgenstein asserted prior to his writing of the Philosophical Investigations are theses, doctrines, opinions or dogmatism, which he abandoned by 1936/37. The purpose of this paper is to show these claims to be misunderstandings and misinterpretations. On all (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  24.  9
    The Totality of Facts.Peter M. Sullivan - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (1):175-192.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  25.  68
    The Functional Model of Sentential Complexity.Peter M. Sullivan - 1992 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 21 (1):91 - 108.
  26. Free Part-Whole Theory.Peter M. Simons - 1991 - In Karel Lambert (ed.), Philosophical Applications of Free Logic. Oxford University Press. pp. 285--306.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  27. The 'Truth' in Solipsism, and Wittgenstein's Rejection of the A Priori.Peter M. Sullivan - 1996 - European Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):195-220.
  28.  28
    A Semantics for Ontology.Peter M. Simons - 1985 - Dialectica 39 (3):193-215.
    SummaryLeśniewski presented his logical systems in a way which conformed to his nominalism, so the question arises whether Leśniewski's logic can be given a natural formal semantics which, unlike current versions, avoids commitment to abstract entities. Building on hints in Wittgenstein's Tractatus, I develop the idea of a way of meaning which is the basis for what I call combinatorial semantics. I then consider whether this commits us to abstract objects or an intensional metalogic.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  29.  10
    A Model for Visual Shape Recognition.Peter M. Milner - 1974 - Psychological Review 81 (6):521-535.
  30. Conditionalization and Expected Utility.Peter M. Brown - 1976 - Philosophy of Science 43 (3):415-419.
  31.  19
    Max Horkheimer: A New Interpretation.Peter M. R. Stirk - 1992 - Barnes & Noble.
    Introduction Max Horkheimer was born on February in Stuttgart. By the time he died, on 7 July in Nuremberg, he had played a decisive role in launching and ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  32. Frege: Importance and Legacy. [REVIEW]Peter M. Sullivan - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (4):648.
    Nine of the papers collected here derive directly from a conference organized by Schirn in Munich in 1991. Seven others, three of them reprinted, have been intelligently chosen to complement the original nine. The collection has no overarching theme, nor is it dominated by any particular approach to Frege’s thought. It is “a mixed selection”, and aims to reflect “the prevailing tendency in current Frege scholarship”. The influence of Dreben is less in evidence than one might expect, but otherwise the (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  33. The Control of the Unwanted.Peter M. Gollwitzer, Ute C. Bayer & Kathleen C. McCulloch - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 485--515.
  34.  96
    Simplicity and Analysis in Early Wittgenstein.Peter M. Sullivan - 2003 - European Journal of Philosophy 11 (1):72–88.
    But logic as it stands, e.g. in Principia Mathematica, can quite well be applied to our ordinary propositions; e.g. from ‘All men are mortal’ and ‘Socrates is a man’ there follows according to this logic ‘Socrates is mortal’, which is obviously correct, even though I equally obviously do not know what structure is possessed by the thing Socrates or the property of mortality. Here they just function as simple objects.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  35.  8
    A Semantics for Ontology.Peter M. Simons - 1985 - Dialectica 39 (3):193-216.
    SummaryLeśniewski presented his logical systems in a way which conformed to his nominalism, so the question arises whether Leśniewski's logic can be given a natural formal semantics which, unlike current versions, avoids commitment to abstract entities. Building on hints in Wittgenstein's Tractatus, I develop the idea of a way of meaning which is the basis for what I call combinatorial semantics. I then consider whether this commits us to abstract objects or an intensional metalogic.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  36.  43
    Shepard's Mirrors or Simon 's Scissors?Peter M. Todd & Gerd Gigerenzer - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):704-705.
    Shepard promotes the important view that evolution constructs cognitive mechanisms that work with internalized aspects of the structure of their environment. But what can this internalization mean? We contrast three views: Shepard's mirrors reflecting the world, Brunswik's lens inferring the world, and Simon 's scissors exploiting the world. We argue that Simon 's scissors metaphor is more appropriate for higher-order cognitive mechanisms and ask how far it can also be applied to perceptual tasks. [Barlow; Kubovy & Epstein; Shepard].
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  37.  6
    Identity Theories of Truth and The.Peter M. Sullivan - 2005 - Philosophical Investigations 28 (1):43-62.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  38.  23
    Gestalt and Functional Dependence.Peter M. Simons - 1988 - In Barry Smith (ed.), Foundations of Gestalt Theory. Philosophia. pp. 158--190.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  39.  26
    Carl Schmitt's Enemy and the Rhetoric of Anti-Interventionism.Peter M. R. Stirk - 2003 - The European Legacy 8 (1):21-36.
    This article explores Carl Schmitt's concept of the enemy against the backcloth of the international agenda from the 1920s into the Second World War. More specifically it argues for his abiding antipathy to the Anglo-Saxon powers. It identifies his concern with the right of intervention and his strategies for deflecting claims of a right of intervention in the affairs of states. It also explores the tension between his concept of domestic order and international order in the late 1930s and suggests (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  40.  53
    On Understanding Leśniewski.Peter M. Simons - 1982 - History and Philosophy of Logic 3 (2):165-191.
    This paper assesses those features of Lesniewski's Ontology which make it difficult to understand for logicians accustomed to more orthodox systems of logic. It is seen that certain general features of presentation and content can, by selective acceptance or modification, be accommodated with a fairly orthodox viewpoint. The chief difficulty lies in the interpretation of Le?niewski's names, and the constant ???. Four interpretations are suggested in turn: Le?niewski's names as monadic predicates; as class terms; as common nouns; and as empty, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  41.  59
    Against the Aggregate Theory of Number.Peter M. Simons - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (3):163-167.
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  42. A Note on Incompleteness and Heterologicality.Peter M. Sullivan - 2003 - Analysis 63 (1):32–38.
  43.  9
    IX-The Totality of Facts.Peter M. Sullivan - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (2):175-192.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  44.  18
    A Constructive Look at Generalised Cauchy Reals.Peter M. Schuster - 2000 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 46 (1):125-134.
    We investigate how nonstandard reals can be established constructively as arbitrary infinite sequences of rationals, following the classical approach due to Schmieden and Laugwitz. In particular, a total standard part map into Richman's generalised Dedekind reals is constructed without countable choice.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  45.  10
    Judging Correctly: Brentano and the Reform of Elementary Logic.Peter M. Simons - 2004 - In Dale Jacquette (ed.), Cambridge Companion to Brentano. Cambridge University Press. pp. 45--65.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  46.  82
    Frege's Theory of Real Numbers.Peter M. Simons - 1987 - History and Philosophy of Logic 8 (1):25--44.
    Frege's theory of real numbers has undeservedly received almost no attention, in part because what we have is only a fragment. Yet his theory is interesting for the light it throws on logicism, and it is quite different from standard modern approaches. Frege polemicizes vigorously against his contemporaries, sketches the main features of his own radical alternative, and begins the formal development. This paper summarizes and expounds what he has to say, and goes on to reconstruct the most important steps (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  47.  22
    Human Vision Focuses on Information Relevant to a Task, to the Detriment of Information That is Not Relevant.Peter M. Vishton - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):53-54.
    Glover offers an account for why some pictorial illusions influence early but not late phases of an action. His proposed corrective control process, however, functions normally in the absence of continuous visual information, suggesting that the stimulus is registered veridically prior to action onset. Here I consider an alternative account, based on differing informational constraints of behaviors (and phases of behaviors).
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  48.  18
    The Use of Usus and the Function of Functio: Teleology and Its Limits in Descartes’s Physiology.Peter M. Distelzweig - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (3):377-399.
    rené descartes famously and explicitly rejects appeals to final causes in natural philosophy, suggesting that such appeals depend on knowledge of God’s inscrutable ends.For since I now know that my own nature is very weak and limited, whereas the nature of God is immense, incomprehensible and infinite, I also know without more ado that he is capable of countless things whose causes are beyond my knowledge. And for this reason alone I consider the whole kind of causes, customarily sought from (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  49.  66
    Wittgenstein on “The Foundations of Mathematics”, June 1927.Peter M. Sullivan - 1995 - Theoria 61 (2):105-142.
  50.  19
    Achieving the Right Distance.Peter M. Taubman - 1990 - Educational Theory 40 (1):121-133.
1 — 50 / 998