64 found
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  1. Parts: a study in ontology.Peter M. Simons - 1987 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Although the relationship of part to whole is one of the most fundamental there is, this is the first full-length study of this key concept. Showing that mereology, or the formal theory of part and whole, is essential to ontology, Simons surveys and critiques previous theories--especially the standard extensional view--and proposes a new account that encompasses both temporal and modal considerations. Simons's revised theory not only allows him to offer fresh solutions to long-standing problems, but also has far-reaching consequences for (...)
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  2.  31
    Parts: A Study in Ontology.Peter M. Simons - 1987 - Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
    The relationship of part to whole is one of the most fundamental there is; this is the first and only full-length study of this concept. This book shows that mereology, the formal theory of part and whole, is essential to ontology. Peter Simons surveys and criticizes previous theories, especially the standard extensional view, and proposes a more adequate account which encompasses both temporal and modal considerations in detail. 'Parts could easily be the standard book on mereology for the next twenty (...)
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  3.  7
    Philosophy and Logic in central Europe from Bolzano to Tarski.Peter M. Simons - 1992 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    This book with an introduction by Witold Marciszewski, views the history of philosophy and logic from 1837 to 1939 from the perspective of the cradle of modern exact philosophy - Central Europe. In a series of case studies, it illuminates the developments in this region, most notably in Austria and Poland, examining thinkers such as Bolzano, Brentano, Meinong, Husserl, Twardowski, Lesniewski, and Tarski, as well as the logicians like Frege and Russell with whom they bore a close resemblance. The book (...)
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  4. Farewell to substance: A differentiated leave-taking.Peter M. Simons - 1998 - Ratio 11 (3):235–252.
    For most of the history of metaphysics, the subject has been dominated by the concept of substance. There is an everyday commonsense notion of substance which is perfectly harmless and which I shall defend against attempts to remove it or revise it away. But I deny that substance has to be construed as a primitive even in everyday terms. Borrowing Strawson’s distinction between descriptive and revisionary metaphysics, I press the legitimate claims of revisionary metaphysics and argue that there is no (...)
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  5.  7
    Parts Study in Ontology: A Study in Ontology.Peter M. Simons - 1987 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    The relationship of part to whole is one of the most fundamental there is, yet until now there has been no full-length study of this concept. This book shows that mereology, the formal theory of part and whole, is essential to ontology. Peter Simons surveys and criticizes previous theories, especially the standard extensional view, and proposes a more adequate account which encompasses both temporal and modal considerations in detail. This has far-reaching consequences for our understanding of such classical philosophical concepts (...)
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  6.  65
    On Understanding Leśniewski.Peter M. Simons - 1982 - History and Philosophy of Logic 3 (2):165-191.
    This paper assesses those features of Lesniewski's Ontology which make it difficult to understand for logicians accustomed to more orthodox systems of logic. It is seen that certain general features of presentation and content can, by selective acceptance or modification, be accommodated with a fairly orthodox viewpoint. The chief difficulty lies in the interpretation of Le?niewski's names, and the constant ???. Four interpretations are suggested in turn: Le?niewski's names as monadic predicates; as class terms; as common nouns; and as empty, (...)
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  7.  88
    Token resistance.Peter M. Simons - 1982 - Analysis 42 (4):195.
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  8. De Veritate: Austro-Polish Contributions to the Theory of Truth from Brentano to Tarski.Peter M. Simons & Jan Wolenski - 1989 - In Klemens Szaniawski (ed.), The Vienna Circle and the Lvov-Warsaw School. Dordrecht.
  9. Brentano's reform of logic.Peter M. Simons - 1987 - Topoi 6 (1):25-38.
  10. Frege's Theory of Real Numbers.Peter M. Simons - 1987 - History and Philosophy of Logic 8 (1):25--44.
    Frege's theory of real numbers has undeservedly received almost no attention, in part because what we have is only a fragment. Yet his theory is interesting for the light it throws on logicism, and it is quite different from standard modern approaches. Frege polemicizes vigorously against his contemporaries, sketches the main features of his own radical alternative, and begins the formal development. This paper summarizes and expounds what he has to say, and goes on to reconstruct the most important steps (...)
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  11.  15
    Husserl and Frege.Peter M. Simons - 1982 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 40 (2):300-302.
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  12. Free part-whole theory.Peter M. Simons - 1991 - In Karel Lambert (ed.), Philosophical Applications of Free Logic. Oxford University Press. pp. 285--306.
     
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  13.  27
    The Context of the Phenomenological Movement.Peter M. Simons - 1984 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (3):426-428.
  14.  38
    A Semantics for Ontology.Peter M. Simons - 1985 - Dialectica 39 (3):193-215.
    SummaryLeśniewski presented his logical systems in a way which conformed to his nominalism, so the question arises whether Leśniewski's logic can be given a natural formal semantics which, unlike current versions, avoids commitment to abstract entities. Building on hints in Wittgenstein's Tractatus, I develop the idea of a way of meaning which is the basis for what I call combinatorial semantics. I then consider whether this commits us to abstract objects or an intensional metalogic.
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  15.  14
    A Semantics for Ontology.Peter M. Simons - 1985 - Dialectica 39 (3):193-216.
    SummaryLeśniewski presented his logical systems in a way which conformed to his nominalism, so the question arises whether Leśniewski's logic can be given a natural formal semantics which, unlike current versions, avoids commitment to abstract entities. Building on hints in Wittgenstein's Tractatus, I develop the idea of a way of meaning which is the basis for what I call combinatorial semantics. I then consider whether this commits us to abstract objects or an intensional metalogic.
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  16.  31
    Gestalt and functional dependence.Peter M. Simons - 1988 - In Barry Smith (ed.), Foundations of Gestalt Theory. Philosophia. pp. 158--190.
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  17.  62
    Unsaturatedness.Peter M. Simons - 1981 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 14 (1):73-95.
    Frege's obscure key concept of the unsaturatedness of functions is clarified with the help of the concepts of dependent and independent parts and foundation relations used by Husserl in describing the ontology of complex wholes. Sentential unity in Frege, Husserl and Wittgenstein: all have a similar explanation. As applied to linguistic expressions, the terms 'unsaturated' and 'incomplete' are ambiguous: they may mean the ontological property of Unselbständigkeit, inability to exist alone, or the property of being what categorial grammar calls a (...)
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  18.  12
    Thought, Fact, and Reference: The Origins and Ontology of Logical Atomism.Peter M. Simons - 1980 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (120):262-263.
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  19.  68
    Against the aggregate theory of number.Peter M. Simons - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (3):163-167.
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  20. Brentano's Theory of Categories: A Critical Reappraisal.Peter M. Simons - 1988 - Brentano Studien 1:47-61.
    In his doctoral dissertation Von der mannigfachen Bedeutung des Seienden nach Aristoteles Brentano tried to show that (against criticism of this) one could indeed give a principle defense of Aristotle's table of categories as a coherent system. In later texts Brentano appears sharply critical of Aristotle, mainly in respect to Aristotle's mereology, or theory of part and whole, and to his theory of substance and accident. It is argued that Brentano hadn't observed that Aristotle's belief that there are as many (...)
     
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  21. Un mondo senza stati di cose.Peter M. Simons - 1997 - Discipline Filosofiche 7:29-48.
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  22. Derrida degree: A question of honour.Barry Smith, Hans Albert, David M. Armstrong, Ruth Barcan Marcus, Keith Campbell, Richard Glauser, Rudolf Haller, Massimo Mugnai, Kevin Mulligan, Lorenzo Peña, Willard Van Orman Quine, Wolfgang Röd, Karl Schuhmann, Daniel Schulthess, Peter M. Simons, René Thom, Dallas Willard & Jan Wolenski - 1992 - The Times 9 (May 9).
    A letter to The Times of London, May 9, 1992 protesting the Cambridge University proposal to award an honorary degree to M. Jacques Derrida.
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  23.  12
    Judging Correctly: Brentano and the Reform of Elementary Logic.Peter M. Simons - 2004 - In Dale Jacquette (ed.), Cambridge Companion to Brentano. Cambridge University Press. pp. 45--65.
  24.  14
    Unsaturatedness.Peter M. Simons - 1981 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 14 (1):73-95.
    Frege's obscure key concept of the unsaturatedness of functions is clarified with the help of the concepts of dependent and independent parts and foundation relations used by Husserl in describing the ontology of complex wholes. Sentential unity in Frege, Husserl and Wittgenstein: all have a similar explanation. As applied to linguistic expressions, the terms 'unsaturated' and 'incomplete' are ambiguous: they may mean the ontological property of Unselbständigkeit, inability to exist alone, or the property of being what categorial grammar calls a (...)
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  25. Drei Briten in Kakanien: Axel Bühler im Gespräch mit dem "Seminar for Austro-German-Philosophy".Kevin Mulligan, Peter M. Simons, Barry Smith & Axel Bühler - 1987 - Information Philosophie 3:22-33.
    The three young philosophers Kevin Mulligan, Peter Simons and Barry Smith have become well-known in the last few years especially in German-speaking analytical philosophy and phenomenology circles. This is on the one hand as a result of their historical and systematic philosophical work; but it is also because of the provocative way in which they represent their philosophy. Because they often appear in threes, they have become known as the "gang of three" or "three musketeers" or even – and this (...)
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  26.  31
    Functional operations in Frege's Begriffsschrift.Peter M. Simons - 1988 - History and Philosophy of Logic 9 (1):35-42.
    Frege uses Greek letters in two different ways in his Begriffsschrift. One way is the familiar use of bound variables, in conjunction with variable-binding operators, to mark and close argument-places. The other, which is quite unfamiliar, employs letters to mark places for operators to reach into, without thereby closing these places. Frege thereby invents a powerful and compact notation for functional operations which can be recommended even today. His regrettable double use of Greek letters obscured his invention, and this, together (...)
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  27.  24
    Bolzano, Brentano and Meinong: Three Austrian Realists.Peter M. Simons - 1999 - In Anthony O'Hear (ed.), Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement. Cambridge University Press. pp. 109-136.
    Although Brentano generally regarded himself as at heart a metaphysician, his work then and subsequently has always been dominated by the Psychology. He is rightly celebrated as the person who reintroduced the Aristotelian-Scholastic notion of intentio back into the study of the mind. Brentano's inspiration was Aristotle's theory of perception in De anima, though his terminology of intentional inexistence was medieval. For the history of the work and its position in his output may I refer to my Introduction to the (...)
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  28.  18
    Computer Composition and Works of Music: Variation on A Theme of Ingarden.Peter M. Simons - 1988 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 19 (2):141-154.
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  29.  45
    Tree proofs for syllogistic.Peter M. Simons - 1989 - Studia Logica 48 (4):539 - 554.
    This paper presents a tree method for testing the validity of inferences, including syllogisms, in a simple term logic. The method is given in the form of an algorithm and is shown to be sound and complete with respect to the obvious denotational semantics. The primitive logical constants of the system, which is indebted to the logical works of Jevons, Brentano and Lewis Carroll, are term negation, polyadic term conjunction, and functors affirming and denying existence, and use is also made (...)
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  30. Logic and Common Nouns.Peter M. Simons - 1978 - Analysis 38 (4):161 - 167.
    Common nouns enter into modern predicate logic only as parts of predicates, While in lesniewski's 'ontology' they are classified together with proper nouns as 'names'. A system of natural deduction rules is presented which sharply separates proper from common nouns, Within which lesniewski's calculus is contained as a logic solely of common nouns, Together with copula, Identity predicate, Definite article, And quantifiers 'any', 'every', 'some' and 'no'. The fragment developed is closer to the natural syntax of english than either frege's (...)
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  31.  91
    Lewy on C. I. Lewis and Entailment.Peter M. Simons - 1978 - Analysis 38 (3):126 - 129.
    In "meaning and modality" lewy claims the only ground for rejecting disjunctive syllogism as acceptable for entailment is rejection of bivalence. Examining lewis's 'proofs' of the paradoxes of strict implication he suggests the proof of 'if a then (b or not-B)' suppresses a premiss, Restoration of which blocks the paradox, Whereas the proof of 'if (a and not-A) then b' cannot be so blocked. But the paradoxes are dual, So he should have treated them dually by restoring a suppressed disjunct (...)
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  32. Die verfasser der beiträge.Werner Loh, Paul K. Moser, Peter M. Simons, Pirmin Stekeler-Weithofer, Franz Wimmer & Boguslaw Wolniewfcz - 1985 - Conceptus: Zeitschrift Fur Philosophie 19.
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  33.  3
    Bradley's Logic.Peter M. Simons - 1985 - Philosophical Quarterly 35 (138):107-108.
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  34. Metaphysik im postmetaphysischen Zeitalter.Uwe Meixner & Peter M. Simons (eds.) - 1999
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  35.  5
    Applied Ethics in a Troubled World.Edgar Morscher, Otto Neumaier & Peter M. Simons - 1998 - Springer Verlag.
    The 23 papers that were prepared for a 1991 symposium that was cancelled beneath the weight of public and professional protests at some of the speakers invited, particularly Peter Singer. They analyze the application of theoretical considerations arising from philosophical reflection to particular concrete cases and situations of moral conflict in such fields as the environment, biology and medicine, business and professions, politics, law, and society. Among the topics are a philosophical critique of legal rights for natural objects, comparing the (...)
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  36.  55
    Class, mass and mereology.Peter M. Simons - 1983 - History and Philosophy of Logic 4 (1-2):157-180.
    LeSniewski?s systems of Ontology and Mereology, considered from a purely formal point of view, possessstriking algebraic parallels, ascan be seen in their respective relations to Boolean algebra. But there are alsoimportant divergences, above all that general Mereology is silent, where Ontology is not, on the existenceof ?atoms? (individuals). By employing plural terms, LeSniewski sought to accommodate talk of (distributive)classes, without according these an autonomous ontological status. His logic also ? like predicate logic? has no place for mass predication in its (...)
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  37.  10
    Alexius Meinong: Geamtausgabe.ErgÄNzungsband. Herausgegeben Von. R. Fabian Und R. Haller.Peter M. Simons - 1980 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 11 (3):290-295.
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  38.  15
    Alexius Meinong: Gesamtausgabe.Herausgegeben von R. M. Chisholm, R. Haller, und R. Kindinger†.Peter M. Simons - 1980 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 11 (3):290-295.
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  39.  82
    Brand on Event Identity.Peter M. Simons - 1981 - Analysis 41 (4):195 - 198.
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  40.  74
    Does the Sun Exist?Peter M. Simons - 1999 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2:89-97.
    Here is a dilemma. By robust common sense, the sun exists. Yet the sun is a vague object, lacking exact identity conditions, and therefore by widely accepted standards of objecthood does not exist. What goes for it goes for almost all other material things. Standard solutions to the problem of vagueness for predicates fall flat for vague objects. This paper attempts a theory which accounts for our common beliefs about vague objects by taking them as well-founded phenomena, founded on collections (...)
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  41.  18
    Inadequacies of Intension and Extension.Peter M. Simons - 1991 - In Georg Schurz (ed.), Advances in Scientific Philosophy. pp. 24--393.
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  42.  10
    Kierkegaard: a biographical introduction, by Ronald Grimsley.Peter M. Simons - 1974 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 5 (1):93-95.
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  43.  16
    Kierkegaards theory of action.Peter M. Simons - 1976 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 7 (2):111-122.
  44. Logic and common nouns.Peter M. Simons - 1978 - Analysis 38 (4):161.
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  45.  19
    Leśniewski's Logic.Peter M. Simons - 2009 - In Dov Gabbay (ed.), The Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier. pp. 5--305.
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  46. Mathematik als Wissenschaft der Gerstalten.Peter M. Simons - 1986 - In Reinhard Fabian (ed.), Christian von Ehrenfels: Leben und Werk. Rodopi.
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  47. Meinong's contribution to the development of non-classical logic.Peter M. Simons - 1994 - Conceptus: Zeitschrift Fur Philosophie 28 (71):187-202.
     
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  48. Metaphysical Follies.Peter M. Simons - forthcoming - Grazer Philosophische Studien.
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  49. Multicategorial Ontology and Logicism.Peter M. Simons - 1985 - Conceptus: Zeitschrift Fur Philosophie 19:87-99.
    This paper discusses the philosophical background to the paper by lejewski in this issue. lejewski offers an ontologically neutral logic for the first two types (individuals and classes thereof). some peculiarities of the logic used are noted, in particular the distinction between empty individual terms, empty class terms, and non-empty class terms designating the empty class. lejewski ends by denying the truth of the formula meaning "there are classes," but we argue that the way in which truth-conditions for formulae containing (...)
     
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  50.  30
    On the Motives Which Led Husserl to Transcendental Idealism, by Roman Ingarden.Peter M. Simons - 1978 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 9 (2):137-137.
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