35 found
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  1. Early Modern Experimental Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey & Alberto Vanzo - 2016 - In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Blackwell. pp. 87-102.
    In the mid-seventeenth century a movement of self-styled experimental philosophers emerged in Britain. Originating in the discipline of natural philosophy amongst Fellows of the fledgling Royal Society of London, it soon spread to medicine and by the eighteenth century had impacted moral and political philosophy and even aesthetics. Early modern experimental philosophers gave epistemic priority to observation and experiment over theorising and speculation. They decried the use of hypotheses and system-building without recourse to experiment and, in some quarters, developed a (...)
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  2.  44
    John Locke and Natural Philosophy.R. Anstey Peter - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    1. Natural philosophy -- 2. Corpuscular pessimism -- 3. Natural history -- 4. Hypothese and analogy -- 5. Vortices, the deluge, and cohesion -- 6. Mathematics -- 7. Demonstration -- 8. Explanation -- 9. Iatrochemistyr -- 10. Generation -- 11. Species.
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  3.  56
    Philosophy of Experiment in Early Modern England: The Case of Bacon, Boyle and Hooke.Peter R. Anstey - 2014 - Early Science and Medicine 19 (2):103-132.
  4.  6
    John Locke and the Philosophy of Mind.Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (2):221-244.
  5.  27
    Robert Boyle and the Heuristic Value of Mechanism.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):157-170.
    This paper argues that, contrary to the claims of Alan Chalmers, Boyle understood his experimental work to be intimately related to his mechanical philosophy. Its central claim is that the mechanical philosophy has a heuristic structure that motivates and gives direction to Boyle's experimental programme. Boyle was able to delimit the scope of possible explanations of any phenomenon by positing both that all qualities are ultimately reducible to a select group of mechanical qualities and that all explanations of natural phenomena (...)
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  6.  30
    Locke, Bacon and Natural History.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Early Science and Medicine 7 (1):65-92.
    This paper argues that the construction of natural histories, as advocated by Francis Bacon, played a central role in John Locke's conception of method in natural philosophy. It presents new evidence in support of John Yolton's claim that "the emphasis upon compiling natural histories of bodies ... was the chief aspect of the Royal Society's programme that attracted Locke, and from which we need to understand his science of nature". Locke's exposure to the natural philosophy of Robert Boyle, the medical (...)
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  7.  20
    Experimental Pedagogy and the Eclipse of Robert Boyle in England.Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - Intellectual History Review 25 (1):115-131.
  8.  4
    D'Alembert, the “Preliminary Discourse” and Experimental Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2014 - Intellectual History Review 24 (4):495-516.
  9.  28
    John Locke's Seed Lists: A Case Study in Botanical Exchange.Stephen A. Harris & Peter R. Anstey - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (4):256-264.
    This paper gives a detailed analysis of four seed lists in the journals of John Locke. These lists provide a window into a fascinating open network of botanical exchange in the early 1680s which included two of the leading botanists of the day, Pierre Magnol of Montpellier and Jacob Bobart the Younger of Oxford. The provenance and significance of the lists are assessed in relation to the relevant extant herbaria and plant catalogues from the period. The lists and associated correspondence (...)
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  10. Locke on Method in Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2003 - In The Philosophy of John Locke: New Perspectives. Routledge. pp. 26--42.
  11.  24
    Robert Boyle and Locke's "Morbus" Entry: A Reply To J.C. Walmsley.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Early Science and Medicine 7 (4):358-377.
  12.  9
    Locke on Measurement.Peter R. Anstey - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 60:70-81.
  13.  5
    John Locke and Helmontian Medicine.Peter R. Anstey - 2010 - In Charles T. Wolfe & Ofer Gal (eds.), The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge. Springer. pp. 93--117.
  14.  20
    Locke and Botany.Peter R. Anstey & Stephen A. Harris - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 37 (2):151-171.
    This paper argues that the English philosopher John Locke, who has normally been thought to have had only an amateurish interest in botany, was far more involved in the botanical science of his day than has previously been known. Through the presentation of new evidence deriving from Locke’s own herbarium, his manuscript notes, journal and correspondence, it is established that Locke made a modest contribution to early modern botany. It is shown that Locke had close and ongoing relations with the (...)
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  15. John Locke’s Seed Lists: A Case Study in Botanical Exchange.Stephen A. Harris & Peter R. Anstey - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (4):256-264.
    This paper gives a detailed analysis of four seed lists in the journals of John Locke. These lists provide a window into a fascinating open network of botanical exchange in the early 1680s which included two of the leading botanists of the day. Pierre Magnol of Montpellier and Jacob Bobart the Younger of Oxford. The provenance and significance of the lists are assessed in relation to the relevant extant herbaria and plant catalogues from the period. The lists and associated correspondence (...)
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  16.  20
    Boyle on Seminal Principles.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (4):597-630.
    This paper presents a comprehensive study of Robert Boyle’s writings on seminal principles or seeds. It examines the role of seeds in Boyle’s account of creation, the generation of plants and animals, spontaneous generation, the generation of minerals and disease. By an examination of all of Boyle’s major extant discussions of seeds it is argued that there were discernible changes in Boyle’s views over time. As the years progressed Boyle became more sceptical about the role of seminal principles in the (...)
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  17.  35
    John Locke and the Case of Anthony Ashley Cooper.Lawrence M. Principe & Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - Early Science and Medicine 16 (5):379-503.
    In June 1668 Anthony Ashley Cooper, later to become the 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, underwent abdominal surgery to drain a large abscess above his liver. The case is extraordinary, not simply on account of the eminence of the patient and the danger of the procedure, but also because of the many celebrated figures involved. A trove of manuscripts relating to this famous operation survives amongst the Shaftesbury Papers in the National Archives at Kew. These include case notes in the hand (...)
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  18.  2
    Locke and Botany.Peter R. Anstey & Stephen A. Harris - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (2):151-171.
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  19.  20
    Revisiting Matter, Form and Mechanism in the Seventeenth Century.Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (3):569-579.
  20.  5
    The Coherence of Cohesion in the Later Leibniz.Peter R. Anstey - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (4):594-613.
    ABSTRACTThis paper expounds and critically assesses G. W. Leibniz’s mature theory of the cohesion of material bodies. Leibniz’s later view of cohesion was forged in polemical engagement with the views of John Locke and the Dutch natural philosopher Nicolaas Hartsoeker and it is in Leibniz’s response to Locke in his New Essays on Human Understanding, and especially his correspondence with Hartsoeker, that the theory is revealed. After setting out Locke’s theory of solidity and cohesion, the paper examines Leibniz’s response to (...)
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  21.  31
    "De Anima" and Descartes: Making Up Aristotle's Mind.Peter R. Anstey - 2000 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 17 (3):237 - 260.
  22.  26
    Branching Off: The Early Moderns in Quest for the Unity of Knowledge. [REVIEW]Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (4):819 - 822.
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Volume 19, Issue 4, Page 819-822, July 2011.
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  23.  4
    Essences and Kinds.Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - In Desmond M. Clarke & Catherine Wilson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe. Oxford University Press.
    This article examines the views of René Descartes, Robert Boyle, and John Locke on essence and kinds and outlines the polemical stances that motivate and direct each of their views. It describes the ontological categories to which they subscribed and their own speculative theories about the actual kinds in the world. It categories to which they subscribed and their own speculative theories about the actual kinds in the world and discusses the late-Aristotelian theory of substantial forms.
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  24.  25
    The Methodological Origins of Newton's Queries.Peter R. Anstey - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (2):247-269.
    This paper analyses the different ways in which Isaac Newton employed queries in his writings on natural philosophy. It is argued that queries were used in three different ways by Newton and that each of these uses is best understood against the background of the role that queries played in the Baconian method that was adopted by the leading experimenters of the early Royal Society. After a discussion of the role of queries in Francis Bacon’s natural historical method, Newton’s queries (...)
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  25.  11
    Locke's Moral Man, by Antonia LoLordo.Peter R. Anstey - 2013 - Mind 122 (488):1146-1149.
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  26.  10
    The Theory of Material Qualities.Peter R. Anstey - 2013 - In The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century. Oxford University Press. pp. 240.
    This chapter examines the main theories of material qualities developed by leading British philosophers during the seventeenth century, describes the taxonomy of qualities during this period, and analyzes the epistemological and metaphysical theses that influenced the development of the theory of material qualities in Great Britain. It also considers the relevant works of Thomas Hobbes, Walter Charleton, Robert Boyle, John Locke, and Isaac Newton.
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  27.  5
    John Locke on the Understanding.Peter R. Anstey - 2013 - In The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century. Oxford University Press. pp. 311.
    The chapter examines the views of John Locke on the study of human understanding, focusing on his work entitled An Essay concerning Human Understanding and Of the Conduct of the Understanding. It highlights Locke's use of the Stoic tripartite division of knowledge into natural philosophy, ethics, and logic, and his emphasis on the importance of the senses in the acquisition of sensitive knowledge of the natural world. The chapter also discusses the normative aims for the study of the understanding, and (...)
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  28.  2
    Boyle on Seminal Principles.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (4):597-630.
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  29. John Locke.Peter R. Anstey (ed.) - 2006 - Routledge.
    Today, John Locke is recognized as one of the most important and formative philosophical influences on the modern world. His imprint is still felt in political and legal thought, in educational theory, moral theory and in the theory of knowledge. Locke’s key works, _Two Treatises of Government_, and the monumental _An Essay Concerning Human Understanding_, provoked lively debate when they were first published in 1690 and remain standard texts in undergraduate philosophy courses throughout the English-speaking world and beyond. It is (...)
     
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  30. John Locke: Critical Assessments of Leading Political Philosophers.Peter R. Anstey (ed.) - 2006 - Routledge.
    Today, John Locke is recognized as one of the most important and formative philosophical influences on the modern world. His imprint is still felt in political and legal thought, in educational theory, moral theory and in the theory of knowledge. Lockes key works, Two Treatises of Government , and the monumental An Essay Concerning Human Understanding , provoked lively debate when they were first published in 1690 and remain standard texts in undergraduate philosophy courses throughout the English-speaking world and beyond. (...)
     
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  31. The Idea of Principles in Early Modern Thought: Interdisciplinary Perspectives.Peter R. Anstey (ed.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    This collection presents the first sustained examination of the nature and status of the idea of principles in early modern thought. Principles are almost ubiquitous in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries: the term appears in famous book titles, such as Newton’s _Principia_; the notion plays a central role in the thought of many leading philosophers, such as Leibniz’s Principle of Sufficient Reason; and many of the great discoveries of the period, such as the Law of Gravitational Attraction, were described as (...)
     
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  32.  13
    The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century.R. Anstey Peter (ed.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    These far-reaching essays discuss not only central debates and canonical authors from Francis Bacon to Isaac Newton, but also explore less well-known figures and topics from the period.
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  33.  33
    The Philosophy of Robert Boyle.Peter R. Anstey - 2000 - Routledge.
    First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  34. The Philosophy of John Locke: New Perspectives.Peter R. Anstey (ed.) - 2003 - Routledge.
    This collection of new essays on John Locke's philosophy provides the most up-to-date entrée into the exciting developments taking place in the study of one of the most important contributors to modern thought. Covering Locke's natural philosophy, his political and moral thought and his philosophy of religion, this book brings together the pioneering work of some of the world's leading Locke scholars.
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  35. The World Makers: Scientists of the Restoration and the Search for the Origins of the Earth.Peter R. Anstey - 2012 - Intellectual History Review 22 (2):299-302.