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Peter R. Anstey
University of Sydney
  1. Early Modern Experimental Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey & Alberto Vanzo - 2016 - In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Blackwell. pp. 87-102.
    In the mid-seventeenth century a movement of self-styled experimental philosophers emerged in Britain. Originating in the discipline of natural philosophy amongst Fellows of the fledgling Royal Society of London, it soon spread to medicine and by the eighteenth century had impacted moral and political philosophy and even aesthetics. Early modern experimental philosophers gave epistemic priority to observation and experiment over theorising and speculation. They decried the use of hypotheses and system-building without recourse to experiment and, in some quarters, developed a (...)
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  2.  54
    John Locke and Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Peter Anstey presents a thorough and innovative study of John Locke's views on the method and content of natural philosophy. Focusing on Locke's Essay concerning Human Understanding, but also drawing extensively from his other writings and manuscript remains, Anstey argues that Locke was an advocate of the Experimental Philosophy: the new approach to natural philosophy championed by Robert Boyle and the early Royal Society who were opposed to speculative philosophy. On the question of method, Anstey shows how Locke's pessimism about (...)
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  3.  81
    Philosophy of Experiment in Early Modern England: The Case of Bacon, Boyle and Hooke.Peter R. Anstey - 2014 - Early Science and Medicine 19 (2):103-132.
  4.  25
    Experimental Versus Speculative Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2005 - In The Science of Nature in the Seventeenth Century: Patterns of Changes in Early Modern Natural Philosophy. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 215-242.
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  5.  78
    Robert Boyle and the Heuristic Value of Mechanism.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):157-170.
    This paper argues that, contrary to the claims of Alan Chalmers, Boyle understood his experimental work to be intimately related to his mechanical philosophy. Its central claim is that the mechanical philosophy has a heuristic structure that motivates and gives direction to Boyle's experimental programme. Boyle was able to delimit the scope of possible explanations of any phenomenon by positing both that all qualities are ultimately reducible to a select group of mechanical qualities and that all explanations of natural phenomena (...)
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  6. The Idea of Principles in Early Modern Thought: Interdisciplinary Perspectives.Peter R. Anstey (ed.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    This collection presents the first sustained examination of the nature and status of the idea of principles in early modern thought. Principles are almost ubiquitous in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries: the term appears in famous book titles, such as Newton’s _Principia_; the notion plays a central role in the thought of many leading philosophers, such as Leibniz’s Principle of Sufficient Reason; and many of the great discoveries of the period, such as the Law of Gravitational Attraction, were described as (...)
     
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  7.  21
    John Locke and the Philosophy of Mind.Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (2):221-244.
    This paper argues that, while Locke’s unstable usage of the term ‘mind’ prevents us from claiming that he had a theory of mind, it can still be said that he made a contribution to the philosophy of mind in its contemporary sense. After establishing that it was the term ‘soul’ that predominated in early modern British philosophy, the paper turns to Locke’s three central notions of the soul, the understanding, and the person. It is argued that there are two stages (...)
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  8.  44
    Locke, Bacon and Natural History.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Early Science and Medicine 7 (1):65-92.
    This paper argues that the construction of natural histories, as advocated by Francis Bacon, played a central role in John Locke's conception of method in natural philosophy. It presents new evidence in support of John Yolton's claim that "the emphasis upon compiling natural histories of bodies ... was the chief aspect of the Royal Society's programme that attracted Locke, and from which we need to understand his science of nature". Locke's exposure to the natural philosophy of Robert Boyle, the medical (...)
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  9.  48
    Locke and Botany.Peter R. Anstey & Stephen A. Harris - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (2):151-171.
    This paper argues that the English philosopher John Locke, who has normally been thought to have had only an amateurish interest in botany, was far more involved in the botanical science of his day than has previously been known. Through the presentation of new evidence deriving from Locke’s own herbarium, his manuscript notes, journal and correspondence, it is established that Locke made a modest contribution to early modern botany. It is shown that Locke had close and ongoing relations with the (...)
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  10.  57
    Boyle on Seminal Principles.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (4):597-630.
    This paper presents a comprehensive study of Robert Boyle’s writings on seminal principles or seeds. It examines the role of seeds in Boyle’s account of creation, the generation of plants and animals, spontaneous generation, the generation of minerals and disease. By an examination of all of Boyle’s major extant discussions of seeds it is argued that there were discernible changes in Boyle’s views over time. As the years progressed Boyle became more sceptical about the role of seminal principles in the (...)
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  11.  18
    Locke on Measurement.Peter R. Anstey - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 60:70-81.
  12.  38
    Experimental Pedagogy and the Eclipse of Robert Boyle in England.Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - Intellectual History Review 25 (1):115-131.
  13. The Experimental History of the Understanding From Locke to Sterne.Peter R. Anstey - 2009 - Eighteenth-Century Thought 4:143-169.
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  14.  18
    D'Alembert, the “Preliminary Discourse” and Experimental Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2014 - Intellectual History Review 24 (4):495-516.
  15.  9
    Robert Boyle.Peter R. Anstey & J. J. Macintosh - 2014 - In Edward Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2010 Edition). Stanford University: Metaphysics Research Lab, CSLI. pp. 1-39.
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  16. The Philosophy of John Locke: New Perspectives.Peter R. Anstey (ed.) - 2003 - Routledge.
    This collection of new essays on John Locke's philosophy provides the most up-to-date entrée into the exciting developments taking place in the study of one of the most important contributors to modern thought. Covering Locke's natural philosophy, his political and moral thought and his philosophy of religion, this book brings together the pioneering work of some of the world's leading Locke scholars.
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  17. Locke on Method in Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2003 - In The Philosophy of John Locke: New Perspectives. Routledge. pp. 26--42.
  18.  7
    John Locke, Thomas Sydenham, and the Authorship of Two Medical Essays.Peter R. Anstey & John Burrows - 2009 - Electronic British Library Journal 3:1-42.
    Two medical essays in the hand of John Locke survive amongst the Shaftesbury Papers in the National Archives (National Archives PRO 30/24/47/2, ff. 31r–38v and ff. 49r–56r). Since the 1960s their authorship has been disputed. Some scholars have attributed them to the London physician Thomas Sydenham, others have attributed them to Locke. Detailed analyses of their contents and the context of their composition provide very strong evidence for Lockean authorship. This is reinforced by the application of the most recent techniques (...)
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  19.  48
    John Locke’s Seed Lists: A Case Study in Botanical Exchange.Stephen A. Harris & Peter R. Anstey - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (4):256-264.
    This paper gives a detailed analysis of four seed lists in the journals of John Locke. These lists provide a window into a fascinating open network of botanical exchange in the early 1680s which included two of the leading botanists of the day. Pierre Magnol of Montpellier and Jacob Bobart the Younger of Oxford. The provenance and significance of the lists are assessed in relation to the relevant extant herbaria and plant catalogues from the period. The lists and associated correspondence (...)
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  20.  33
    Revisiting Matter, Form and Mechanism in the Seventeenth Century. [REVIEW]Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (3):569-579.
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  21.  39
    The Methodological Origins of Newton’s Queries.Peter R. Anstey - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (2):247-269.
    This paper analyses the different ways in which Isaac Newton employed queries in his writings on natural philosophy. It is argued that queries were used in three different ways by Newton and that each of these uses is best understood against the background of the role that queries played in the Baconian method that was adopted by the leading experimenters of the early Royal Society. After a discussion of the role of queries in Francis Bacon’s natural historical method, Newton’s queries (...)
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  22.  9
    Essences and Kinds.Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - In Desmond M. Clarke & Catherine Wilson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe. Oxford University Press.
    This article examines the views of René Descartes, Robert Boyle, and John Locke on essence and kinds and outlines the polemical stances that motivate and direct each of their views. It describes the ontological categories to which they subscribed and their own speculative theories about the actual kinds in the world. It categories to which they subscribed and their own speculative theories about the actual kinds in the world and discusses the late-Aristotelian theory of substantial forms.
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  23.  17
    John Locke on the Understanding.Peter R. Anstey - 2013 - In The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century. Oxford University Press. pp. 311.
    The chapter examines the views of John Locke on the study of human understanding, focusing on his work entitled An Essay concerning Human Understanding and Of the Conduct of the Understanding. It highlights Locke's use of the Stoic tripartite division of knowledge into natural philosophy, ethics, and logic, and his emphasis on the importance of the senses in the acquisition of sensitive knowledge of the natural world. The chapter also discusses the normative aims for the study of the understanding, and (...)
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  24.  36
    Robert Boyle and Locke's "Morbus" Entry: A Reply To J.C. Walmsley.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Early Science and Medicine 7 (4):358-377.
  25.  22
    John Locke and Helmontian Medicine.Peter R. Anstey - 2010 - In Charles T. Wolfe & Ofer Gal (eds.), The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge. Embodied Empiricism in Early Modern Science. Springer. pp. 93--117.
  26.  8
    The Science of Nature in the Seventeenth Century: Patterns of Change in Early Modern Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey & John Schuster (eds.) - 2005 - Springer Science and Business Media.
    The seventeenth century marked a critical phase in the emergence of modern science. But we misunderstand this process, if we assume that seventeenth-century modes of natural inquiry were identical to the highly specialised, professionalised and ever proliferating family of modern sciences practised today.
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  27.  44
    "De Anima" and Descartes: Making Up Aristotle's Mind.Peter R. Anstey - 2000 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 17 (3):237 - 260.
  28. A Very Principled Project.Peter R. Anstey - 2017 - Humanities Australia 8:80-85.
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  29. Boyle Against Thinking Matter.Peter R. Anstey - 2001 - In Christopher Luthy, John E. Murdoch & William R. Newman (eds.), Late Medieval and Early Modern Corpuscular Matter Theories. Netherlands: pp. 483-514.
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  30. Bacon, Experimental Philosophy and French Enlightenment Natural History.Peter R. Anstey - 2018 - In Raphaelle Garrod & Paul Smith (eds.), Natural History in Early Modern France: The Poetics of an Epistemic Genre. Leiden, Netherlands: pp. 205–240.
    This chapter examines Francis Bacon's influence on Buffon's and Diderot's conceptions of natural history.
     
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  31.  29
    Branching Off: The Early Moderns in Quest for the Unity of Knowledge. [REVIEW]Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (4):819 - 822.
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Volume 19, Issue 4, Page 819-822, July 2011.
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  32. Early Modern Experimental Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey, J. Gomez & K. Walsh - 2010
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  33. Early Modern Philosophy of Religion: An Introduction.Peter R. Anstey - 2009 - In Graham Oppy & Nick Trakakis (eds.), The History of Western Philosophy of Religion: Early Modern Philosophy of Religion (Volume 3). Durham: Acumen Publishing. pp. 1-18.
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  34. Experimental Philosophy and the Principles of Natural Religion.Peter R. Anstey - 2017 - In The Idea of Principles in Early Modern Thought: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. New York: Routledge. pp. 246-270.
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  35. Experimental Philosophy: Old and New.Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - Dunedin, New Zealand: De Beer Gallery Special Collections, University of Otago.
    This is an online book exhibition at the University of Otago Library. It contains images of Hume's copy of Berkeley's New Theory of Vision, 1709.
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  36.  49
    Francis Bacon and the Laws of Ramus.Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (1):1-23.
    This article assesses the role of the laws of the French logician and educational reformer Petrus Ramus in the writings of Francis Bacon. The laws of Ramus derive from Aristotle’s grounds for necessary propositions. Necessary propositions, according to Aristotle, Ramus, and Bacon, are required for the premises of scientific syllogisms. It is argued that in Bacon’s Advancement of Learning and De augmentis scientiarum the only role for these laws is in the transmission of knowledge that has already been acquired. However, (...)
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  37. Further Reflections on Locke's Medical Remains.Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - Locke Studies 15:215-242.
     
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  38.  59
    From Scientia to Science: Tom Sorell, G. A. J. Rogers and Jill Kraye : Scientia in Early Modern Philosophy: Seventeenth-Century Thinkers on Demonstrative Knowledge From First Principles. Dordrecht: Springer, 2010, Xvi+139, £99.95HB. [REVIEW]Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - Metascience 20 (2):295-297.
    From scientia to science Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9483-3 Authors Peter R. Anstey, Department of Philosophy, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, 9054 New Zealand Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  39. General Introduction and Introduction.Peter R. Anstey - 2006 - In John Locke: Critical Assessments of Leading Philosophers. Abingdon: Routledge. pp. 1-18.
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  40. Introduction.Peter R. Anstey - 2003 - In The Philosophy of John Locke: New Perspectives. London: Routledge.
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  41.  10
    Introduction.Peter R. Anstey - 2005 - In The Science of Nature in the Seventeenth Century: Patterns of Changes in Early Modern Natural Philosophy. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 1-7.
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  42.  3
    Introduction.Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - In Dana Jalobeanu & Peter R. Anstey (eds.), Vanishing Matter and the Laws of Motion: Descartes and Beyond. New York: Routledge. pp. 1-7.
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  43.  13
    Introduction.Peter R. Anstey - 2013 - In The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 1-5.
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  44. Introduction.Peter R. Anstey - 2017 - In The Idea of Principles in Early Modern Thought: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. New York: Routledge. pp. 1-15.
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  45. John Locke (1632-1704).Peter R. Anstey - 2017 - Routledge Encyclopaedia of Philosophy.
     
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  46. John Locke: Critical Assessments of Leading Political Philosophers.Peter R. Anstey (ed.) - 2006 - Routledge.
    Today, John Locke is recognized as one of the most important and formative philosophical influences on the modern world. His imprint is still felt in political and legal thought, in educational theory, moral theory and in the theory of knowledge. Lockes key works, Two Treatises of Government , and the monumental An Essay Concerning Human Understanding , provoked lively debate when they were first published in 1690 and remain standard texts in undergraduate philosophy courses throughout the English-speaking world and beyond. (...)
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  47. Locke and Cartesian Cosmology.Peter R. Anstey - 2018 - In Philippe Hamou & Martine Pécharman (eds.), Locke and Cartesian Philosophy. Oxford, UK: pp. 33–48.
    This chapter examines John Locke's interest in and views on the Cartesian vortex theory.
     
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  48. Locke and Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2016 - In Matthew Stuart (ed.), A Companion to Locke. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. pp. 64-81.
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  49. Locke and Non-Propositional Knowledge.Peter R. Anstey - forthcoming - In Kiyoshi Shimokawa & Peter R. Anstey (eds.), Locke on Knowledge, Politics and Religion: New Interpretations from Japan. London:
    Peter Anstey rejects the widespread view that all knowledge for Locke is propositional. He argues, instead, that Locke accepts a form of non-propositional knowledge. The perception of the agreement and disagreement of ideas, according to Anstey's interpretation, is akin to what Bertrand Russell called “knowledge by acquaintance.” He presents a careful, four-step analysis of Locke’s view of the acquisition of knowledge, which is designed to show how the mind proceeds from perceiving to affirming, then to assenting, and finally to verbalizing (...)
     
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  50. Locke and the Problem of Necessity in Early Modern Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2016 - In Max Cresswell, Edwin Mares & Adriane Rini (eds.), Logical Modalities from Aristotle to Carnap: The Story of Necessity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 174-193.
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