Results for 'Peter R. Krebs'

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  1.  34
    Models of Cognition: Neurological Possibility Does Not Indicate Neurological Plausibility.Peter R. Krebs - 2005 - In Proceedings of CogSci 2005. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. pp. 184-1189.
    Many activities in Cognitive Science involve complex computer models and simulations of both theoretical and real entities. Artificial Intelligence and the study of artificial neural nets in particular, are seen as major contributors in the quest for understanding the human mind. Computational models serve as objects of experimentation, and results from these virtual experiments are tacitly included in the framework of empirical science. Cognitive functions, like learning to speak, or discovering syntactical structures in language, have been modeled and these models (...)
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  2.  18
    Turing Machines, Computers and Artificial Intelligence.Peter R. Krebs - unknown
    This work investigates some of the issues and consequences for the field of artificial intelligence and cognitive science, which are related to the perceived limits of computation with current digital equipment. The Church -Turing thesis and the specific properties of Turing machines are examined and some of the philosophical 'in principle' objections, such as the application of Gödel's incompleteness theorem, are discussed. It is argued that the misinterpretation of the Church-Turing thesis has led to unfounded assumptions about the limitations of (...)
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  3.  66
    John Locke and Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Peter Anstey presents a thorough and innovative study of John Locke's views on the method and content of natural philosophy. Focusing on Locke's Essay concerning Human Understanding, but also drawing extensively from his other writings and manuscript remains, Anstey argues that Locke was an advocate of the Experimental Philosophy: the new approach to natural philosophy championed by Robert Boyle and the early Royal Society who were opposed to speculative philosophy. On the question of method, Anstey shows how Locke's pessimism (...)
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  4. R. S. Peters on Education and Ethics.R. S. Peters - 2015 - Routledge.
    R. S. Peters on Education and Ethics reissues seven titles from Peters' life's work. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, the books are concerned with the philosophy of education and ethics. Topics include moral education and learning, authority and responsibility, psychology and ethical development and ideas on motivation amongst others. The books discuss more traditional theories and philosophical thinkers as well as exploring later ideas in a way which makes the subjects they discuss still relevant today.
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  5. Early Modern Experimental Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey & Alberto Vanzo - 2016 - In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Blackwell. pp. 87-102.
    In the mid-seventeenth century a movement of self-styled experimental philosophers emerged in Britain. Originating in the discipline of natural philosophy amongst Fellows of the fledgling Royal Society of London, it soon spread to medicine and by the eighteenth century had impacted moral and political philosophy and even aesthetics. Early modern experimental philosophers gave epistemic priority to observation and experiment over theorising and speculation. They decried the use of hypotheses and system-building without recourse to experiment and, in some quarters, developed a (...)
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  6. Education and the Development of Reason. Edited by R.F. Dearden, P.H. Hirst and R.S. Peters. --.R. F. Dearden, R. S. Peters & Paul Heywood Hirst - 1972 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.
     
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  7.  38
    The Construction of Moral Dilemmas in Everyday Life.Gillian R. Wark & Dennis L. Krebs - 2000 - Journal of Moral Education 29 (1):5-21.
    This study investigated the extent to which people interpret real-life moral dilemmas in terms of an internal moral orientation, as Gilligan (1982, 1988) has suggested, or in terms of the content of the dilemma, as Wark and Krebs (1996, 1997) have reported. Thirty women and 30 men listed the issues they saw in descriptions of real-life prosocial, antisocial and social pressure types of moral dilemma. Results revealed that Gilligan's model underestimates the influence of dilemma content. Moral dilemmas differed in (...)
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  8.  23
    Reason and Passion1: R. S. Peters.R. S. Peters - 1970 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 4:132-153.
    I Once gave a series of talks to a group of psychoanalysts who had trained together and was rather struck by the statement made by one of them that, psychologically speaking, ‘reason’ means saying ‘No’ to oneself. Plato, of course, introduced the concept of ‘reason’ in a similar way in The Republic with the case of the thirsty man who is checked in the satisfaction of his thirst by reflection on the outcome of drinking. But Plato was also so impressed (...)
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  9.  47
    The Philosophy of Robert Boyle.Peter R. Anstey - 2000 - Routledge.
    This book presents the first integrated treatment of the philosophy of Robert Boyle, one of the leading English natural philosophers of the Scientific Revolution.
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  10.  70
    Péter Rózsa. Rekurzív Definiciók, Melyek Változó Számu Korábbi Függvényertéket Használnak Fel. Matematikai Lapok , Vol. 5 , Pp. 7–9. An Abstract of XX 176.Péter Rózsa. Ujabb Bizonyítás Arra, Hogy a Csillag-Kalmár-Féle Elemi Függvények Osztálya Szükebb, Mint a Primitiv-Rekurzív Függvényeké. Matematikai Lapok , Vol. 5 , Pp. 244–252. Hungarian Version of XX 282.Péter Rózsa. Kalmár László Matematikai Munkássága . Ebd., Bd. 6 , S. 138–150. [REVIEW]R. Péter - 1957 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 22 (3):295-296.
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  11.  44
    “I Had so Much It Didn’T Seem Fair”: Eight-Year-Olds Reject Two Forms of Inequity.Peter R. Blake & Katherine McAuliffe - 2011 - Cognition 120 (2):215-224.
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  12. The Concept of Motivation.R. S. PETERS - 1958 - Philosophy 34 (128):72-73.
     
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  13.  30
    Experimental Versus Speculative Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2005 - In The Science of Nature in the Seventeenth Century: Patterns of Changes in Early Modern Natural Philosophy. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 215-242.
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  14.  87
    Philosophy of Experiment in Early Modern England: The Case of Bacon, Boyle and Hooke.Peter R. Anstey - 2014 - Early Science and Medicine 19 (2):103-132.
  15.  49
    B. Dainton: The Phenomenal Self. [REVIEW]Peter R. King - 2009 - Erkenntnis 71 (2):283-288.
  16. The Concept of Motivation.R. S. PETERS - 1958 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 14 (2):235-235.
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  17. John Dewey Reconsidered Edited by R.S. Peters. --.R. S. Peters - 1977 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.
     
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  18.  80
    Robert Boyle and the Heuristic Value of Mechanism.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):157-170.
    This paper argues that, contrary to the claims of Alan Chalmers, Boyle understood his experimental work to be intimately related to his mechanical philosophy. Its central claim is that the mechanical philosophy has a heuristic structure that motivates and gives direction to Boyle's experimental programme. Boyle was able to delimit the scope of possible explanations of any phenomenon by positing both that all qualities are ultimately reducible to a select group of mechanical qualities and that all explanations of natural phenomena (...)
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  19. Education as Initiation.R. S. Peters - 2007 - In Randall R. Curren (ed.), Philosophy of Education: An Anthology. Blackwell. pp. 192-205.
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  20.  28
    John Locke and the Philosophy of Mind.Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (2):221-244.
    This paper argues that, while Locke’s unstable usage of the term ‘mind’ prevents us from claiming that he had a theory of mind, it can still be said that he made a contribution to the philosophy of mind in its contemporary sense. After establishing that it was the term ‘soul’ that predominated in early modern British philosophy, the paper turns to Locke’s three central notions of the soul, the understanding, and the person. It is argued that there are two stages (...)
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  21.  6
    The Idea of Principles in Early Modern Thought: Interdisciplinary Perspectives.Peter R. Anstey (ed.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    This collection presents the first sustained examination of the nature and status of the idea of principles in early modern thought. Principles are almost ubiquitous in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries: the term appears in famous book titles, such as Newton’s _Principia_; the notion plays a central role in the thought of many leading philosophers, such as Leibniz’s Principle of Sufficient Reason; and many of the great discoveries of the period, such as the Law of Gravitational Attraction, were described as (...)
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  22. Authority and Education.R. S. Peters - 1966 - Ethics and Education 237:265.
     
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  23.  35
    The Developmental Origins of Fairness: The Knowledge–Behavior Gap.Peter R. Blake, Katherine McAuliffe & Felix Warneken - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (11):559-561.
  24. Bacon, Experimental Philosophy and French Enlightenment Natural History.Peter R. Anstey - 2018 - In Raphaelle Garrod & Paul Smith (eds.), Natural History in Early Modern France: The Poetics of an Epistemic Genre. Leiden, Netherlands: pp. 205–240.
    This chapter examines Francis Bacon's influence on Buffon's and Diderot's conceptions of natural history.
     
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  25.  46
    Locke, Bacon and Natural History.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Early Science and Medicine 7 (1):65-92.
    This paper argues that the construction of natural histories, as advocated by Francis Bacon, played a central role in John Locke's conception of method in natural philosophy. It presents new evidence in support of John Yolton's claim that "the emphasis upon compiling natural histories of bodies ... was the chief aspect of the Royal Society's programme that attracted Locke, and from which we need to understand his science of nature". Locke's exposure to the natural philosophy of Robert Boyle, the medical (...)
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  26.  40
    Reason and Compassion.R. S. Peters - 1973 - Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    PREFACE The first three of these lectures, or rather an abbreviated version of them, were first given as the Lindsay Memorial Lectures at the University of ...
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  27.  22
    Education and Justification: A Reply to R K Elliott.R. Peters - 1977 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 11 (1):28-38.
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  28. Emergent Behaviorism.Peter R. Killeen - 1984 - Behaviorism 12 (2):25-39.
    In this article I examine Skinner's objections to mentalism. I conclude that his only valid objections concern the "specious explanations" that mentalism might afford ? explanations that are incomplete, circular, or faulty in other ways. Unfortunately, the mere adoption of behavioristic terminology does not solve that problem. It camouflages the nature of "private events," while providing no protection from specious explanations. I argue that covert states and events are causally effective, and may be sufficiently different in their nature to deserve (...)
     
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  29.  47
    Education and Justification. A Reply to R K Elliott.R. S. Peters - 1977 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 11 (1):28–38.
  30.  67
    What Would Confucius Do? – Confucian Ethics and Self-Regulation in Management.Peter R. Woods & David A. Lamond - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 102 (4):669-683.
    We examined Confucian moral philosophy, primarily the Analects, to determine how Confucian ethics could help managers regulate their own behavior (self-regulation) to maintain an ethical standard of practice. We found that some Confucian virtues relevant to self-regulation are common to Western concepts of management ethics such as benevolence, righteousness, wisdom, and trustworthiness. Some are relatively unique, such as ritual propriety and filial piety. We identify seven Confucian principles and discuss how they apply to achieving ethical self-regulation in management. In addition, (...)
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  31. Education and the Educated Man.R. S. Peters - 1970 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 4 (1):5.
  32.  5
    A Behavioral Theory of Timing.Peter R. Killeen & J. Gregor Fetterman - 1988 - Psychological Review 95 (2):274-295.
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  33.  49
    Locke and Botany.Peter R. Anstey & Stephen A. Harris - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (2):151-171.
    This paper argues that the English philosopher John Locke, who has normally been thought to have had only an amateurish interest in botany, was far more involved in the botanical science of his day than has previously been known. Through the presentation of new evidence deriving from Locke’s own herbarium, his manuscript notes, journal and correspondence, it is established that Locke made a modest contribution to early modern botany. It is shown that Locke had close and ongoing relations with the (...)
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  34.  59
    Boyle on Seminal Principles.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (4):597-630.
    This paper presents a comprehensive study of Robert Boyle’s writings on seminal principles or seeds. It examines the role of seeds in Boyle’s account of creation, the generation of plants and animals, spontaneous generation, the generation of minerals and disease. By an examination of all of Boyle’s major extant discussions of seeds it is argued that there were discernible changes in Boyle’s views over time. As the years progressed Boyle became more sceptical about the role of seminal principles in the (...)
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  35.  10
    Arousal: Its Genesis and Manifestation as Response Rate.Peter R. Killeen, Stephen J. Hanson & Steve R. Osborne - 1978 - Psychological Review 85 (6):571-581.
  36. The Weight of Glory a Vision and Practice for Christian Faith : The Future of Liberal Theology : Essays for Peter Baelz.Peter R. Baelz, Peter Sedgwick & Daniel W. Hardy - 1991
     
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  37. MERTON, R. K. -Social Theory and Social Structure. [REVIEW]R. Peters - 1954 - Mind 63:281.
     
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  38.  31
    Mass/Count Variation: A Mereological, Two-Dimensional Semantics.Peter R. Sutton & Hana Filip - 2016 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 11.
    We argue that two types of context are central to grounding the semantics for the mass/count distinction. We combine and develop the accounts of Rothstein and Landman, which emphasize overlap at a context. We also adopt some parts of Chierchia’s account which uses precisifying contexts. We unite these strands in a two-dimensional semantics that covers a wide range of the puzzling variation data in mass/count lexicalization. Most importantly, it predicts where we should expect to find such variation for some classes (...)
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  39.  2
    Layers in Husserl's Phenomenology: On Meaning and Intersubjectivity.Peter R. Costello - 2012 - Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
    Layers in Husserl's Phenomenology situates Husserl firmly within the trajectory of later Continental thought and contributes to the recent reconsideration of Husserl as a legitimate precursor to the thought of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Emmanuel Levinas, and Jacques Derrida.
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  40.  23
    An Electromyographic Investigation of the Impact of Task Relevance on Facial Mimicry.Peter R. Cannon, Amy E. Hayes & Steven P. Tipper - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (5):918-929.
  41.  25
    Sensorimotor Fluency Influences Affect: Evidence From Electromyography.Peter R. Cannon, Amy E. Hayes & Steven P. Tipper - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (4):681-691.
  42. Locke and Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2016 - In Matthew Stuart (ed.), A Companion to Locke. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. pp. 64-81.
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  43.  20
    Locke on Measurement.Peter R. Anstey - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 60:70-81.
  44. The Experimental History of the Understanding From Locke to Sterne.Peter R. Anstey - 2009 - Eighteenth-Century Thought 4:143-169.
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  45.  41
    Experimental Pedagogy and the Eclipse of Robert Boyle in England.Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - Intellectual History Review 25 (1):115-131.
  46. Further Reflections on Locke's Medical Remains.Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - Locke Studies 15:215-242.
     
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  47. Boyle Against Thinking Matter.Peter R. Anstey - 2001 - In Christopher Luthy, John E. Murdoch & William R. Newman (eds.), Late Medieval and Early Modern Corpuscular Matter Theories. Netherlands: pp. 483-514.
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  48.  26
    Peter R. Anstey (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century. [REVIEW]Timothy Yenter - 2014 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews:xx.
    The volume is an excellent introduction to experimental natural philosophy and to moral and political philosophy in English-speaking countries in the seventeenth century, but the reader should be aware that other historically significant and philosophically interesting arguments from the period are not addressed.
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  49.  16
    A Short History of Ethics.R. S. Peters - 1967 - British Journal of Educational Studies 15 (3):321.
  50.  16
    Robert Boyle.Peter R. Anstey & J. J. Macintosh - 2014 - In Edward Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2010 Edition). Stanford University: Metaphysics Research Lab, CSLI. pp. 1-39.
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