Results for 'Peter R. Krebs'

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  1.  37
    The Construction of Moral Dilemmas in Everyday Life.Gillian R. Wark & Dennis L. Krebs - 2000 - Journal of Moral Education 29 (1):5-21.
    This study investigated the extent to which people interpret real-life moral dilemmas in terms of an internal moral orientation, as Gilligan (1982, 1988) has suggested, or in terms of the content of the dilemma, as Wark and Krebs (1996, 1997) have reported. Thirty women and 30 men listed the issues they saw in descriptions of real-life prosocial, antisocial and social pressure types of moral dilemma. Results revealed that Gilligan's model underestimates the influence of dilemma content. Moral dilemmas differed in (...)
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  2. The Legalism of Han Fei-Tzu and Its Affinities with Modern Political Thought.Peter R. Moody - 1979 - International Philosophical Quarterly 19 (3):317-330.
    The legalism of han fei-Tzu has affinities with much of modern political thought, Particularly in its denial of an objective morality. Because legalism is modernism unmoralized, It shows clearly some of the less savory implications of the truisms we accept. Han fei's ideas are interesting in their own right, But it is also interesting to see these ideas in a comparative setting, That we might gain a broader understanding of modern political thought, Both of its merits and its limitations.
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  3. Early Modern Experimental Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey & Alberto Vanzo - 2016 - In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Blackwell. pp. 87-102.
    In the mid-seventeenth century a movement of self-styled experimental philosophers emerged in Britain. Originating in the discipline of natural philosophy amongst Fellows of the fledgling Royal Society of London, it soon spread to medicine and by the eighteenth century had impacted moral and political philosophy and even aesthetics. Early modern experimental philosophers gave epistemic priority to observation and experiment over theorising and speculation. They decried the use of hypotheses and system-building without recourse to experiment and, in some quarters, developed a (...)
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  4.  52
    John Locke and Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Peter Anstey presents a thorough and innovative study of John Locke's views on the method and content of natural philosophy. Focusing on Locke's Essay concerning Human Understanding, but also drawing extensively from his other writings and manuscript remains, Anstey argues that Locke was an advocate of the Experimental Philosophy: the new approach to natural philosophy championed by Robert Boyle and the early Royal Society who were opposed to speculative philosophy. On the question of method, Anstey shows how Locke's pessimism (...)
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  5.  49
    B. Dainton: The Phenomenal Self. [REVIEW]Peter R. King - 2009 - Erkenntnis 71 (2):283-288.
  6.  43
    “I Had so Much It Didn’T Seem Fair”: Eight-Year-Olds Reject Two Forms of Inequity.Peter R. Blake & Katherine McAuliffe - 2011 - Cognition 120 (2):215-224.
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  7.  81
    Philosophy of Experiment in Early Modern England: The Case of Bacon, Boyle and Hooke.Peter R. Anstey - 2014 - Early Science and Medicine 19 (2):103-132.
  8.  24
    Experimental Versus Speculative Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2005 - In The Science of Nature in the Seventeenth Century: Patterns of Changes in Early Modern Natural Philosophy. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 215-242.
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  9.  63
    What Would Confucius Do? – Confucian Ethics and Self-Regulation in Management.Peter R. Woods & David A. Lamond - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 102 (4):669-683.
    We examined Confucian moral philosophy, primarily the Analects, to determine how Confucian ethics could help managers regulate their own behavior (self-regulation) to maintain an ethical standard of practice. We found that some Confucian virtues relevant to self-regulation are common to Western concepts of management ethics such as benevolence, righteousness, wisdom, and trustworthiness. Some are relatively unique, such as ritual propriety and filial piety. We identify seven Confucian principles and discuss how they apply to achieving ethical self-regulation in management. In addition, (...)
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  10. Emergent Behaviorism.Peter R. Killeen - 1984 - Behaviorism 12 (2):25-39.
    In this article I examine Skinner's objections to mentalism. I conclude that his only valid objections concern the "specious explanations" that mentalism might afford ? explanations that are incomplete, circular, or faulty in other ways. Unfortunately, the mere adoption of behavioristic terminology does not solve that problem. It camouflages the nature of "private events," while providing no protection from specious explanations. I argue that covert states and events are causally effective, and may be sufficiently different in their nature to deserve (...)
     
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  11.  35
    The Developmental Origins of Fairness: The Knowledge–Behavior Gap.Peter R. Blake, Katherine McAuliffe & Felix Warneken - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (11):559-561.
  12.  5
    A Behavioral Theory of Timing.Peter R. Killeen & J. Gregor Fetterman - 1988 - Psychological Review 95 (2):274-295.
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  13. The Idea of Principles in Early Modern Thought: Interdisciplinary Perspectives.Peter R. Anstey (ed.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    This collection presents the first sustained examination of the nature and status of the idea of principles in early modern thought. Principles are almost ubiquitous in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries: the term appears in famous book titles, such as Newton’s _Principia_; the notion plays a central role in the thought of many leading philosophers, such as Leibniz’s Principle of Sufficient Reason; and many of the great discoveries of the period, such as the Law of Gravitational Attraction, were described as (...)
     
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  14.  10
    Arousal: Its Genesis and Manifestation as Response Rate.Peter R. Killeen, Stephen J. Hanson & Steve R. Osborne - 1978 - Psychological Review 85 (6):571-581.
  15.  78
    Robert Boyle and the Heuristic Value of Mechanism.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):157-170.
    This paper argues that, contrary to the claims of Alan Chalmers, Boyle understood his experimental work to be intimately related to his mechanical philosophy. Its central claim is that the mechanical philosophy has a heuristic structure that motivates and gives direction to Boyle's experimental programme. Boyle was able to delimit the scope of possible explanations of any phenomenon by positing both that all qualities are ultimately reducible to a select group of mechanical qualities and that all explanations of natural phenomena (...)
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  16.  28
    Mass/Count Variation: A Mereological, Two-Dimensional Semantics.Peter R. Sutton & Hana Filip - 2016 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 11.
    We argue that two types of context are central to grounding the semantics for the mass/count distinction. We combine and develop the accounts of Rothstein and Landman, which emphasize overlap at a context. We also adopt some parts of Chierchia’s account which uses precisifying contexts. We unite these strands in a two-dimensional semantics that covers a wide range of the puzzling variation data in mass/count lexicalization. Most importantly, it predicts where we should expect to find such variation for some classes (...)
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  17.  44
    Locke, Bacon and Natural History.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Early Science and Medicine 7 (1):65-92.
    This paper argues that the construction of natural histories, as advocated by Francis Bacon, played a central role in John Locke's conception of method in natural philosophy. It presents new evidence in support of John Yolton's claim that "the emphasis upon compiling natural histories of bodies ... was the chief aspect of the Royal Society's programme that attracted Locke, and from which we need to understand his science of nature". Locke's exposure to the natural philosophy of Robert Boyle, the medical (...)
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  18.  23
    An Electromyographic Investigation of the Impact of Task Relevance on Facial Mimicry.Peter R. Cannon, Amy E. Hayes & Steven P. Tipper - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (5):918-929.
  19.  19
    John Locke and the Philosophy of Mind.Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (2):221-244.
    This paper argues that, while Locke’s unstable usage of the term ‘mind’ prevents us from claiming that he had a theory of mind, it can still be said that he made a contribution to the philosophy of mind in its contemporary sense. After establishing that it was the term ‘soul’ that predominated in early modern British philosophy, the paper turns to Locke’s three central notions of the soul, the understanding, and the person. It is argued that there are two stages (...)
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  20.  25
    Sensorimotor Fluency Influences Affect: Evidence From Electromyography.Peter R. Cannon, Amy E. Hayes & Steven P. Tipper - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (4):681-691.
  21.  25
    An Electrophysiological Signal That Precisely Tracks the Emergence of Error Awareness.Peter R. Murphy, Ian H. Robertson, Darren Allen, Robert Hester & Redmond G. O'Connell - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  22.  57
    Boyle on Seminal Principles.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (4):597-630.
    This paper presents a comprehensive study of Robert Boyle’s writings on seminal principles or seeds. It examines the role of seeds in Boyle’s account of creation, the generation of plants and animals, spontaneous generation, the generation of minerals and disease. By an examination of all of Boyle’s major extant discussions of seeds it is argued that there were discernible changes in Boyle’s views over time. As the years progressed Boyle became more sceptical about the role of seminal principles in the (...)
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  23.  47
    Locke and Botany.Peter R. Anstey & Stephen A. Harris - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (2):151-171.
    This paper argues that the English philosopher John Locke, who has normally been thought to have had only an amateurish interest in botany, was far more involved in the botanical science of his day than has previously been known. Through the presentation of new evidence deriving from Locke’s own herbarium, his manuscript notes, journal and correspondence, it is established that Locke made a modest contribution to early modern botany. It is shown that Locke had close and ongoing relations with the (...)
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  24.  18
    Locke on Measurement.Peter R. Anstey - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 60:70-81.
  25.  37
    Experimental Pedagogy and the Eclipse of Robert Boyle in England.Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - Intellectual History Review 25 (1):115-131.
  26.  10
    An Additive-Utility Model of Delay Discounting.Peter R. Killeen - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (3):602-619.
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  27.  10
    Maximization Theory: The “Package” Will Not Serve as an Atom.Peter R. Killeen & Craig M. Allen - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):397-398.
  28.  18
    D'Alembert, the “Preliminary Discourse” and Experimental Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2014 - Intellectual History Review 24 (4):495-516.
  29.  50
    Banning All Drug Promotion is the Best Option Pending Major Reforms.Peter R. Mansfield - 2005 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 2 (2):75-81.
    Drug promotion should be evaluated according to its impact on health, access to information, informed consent, and wealth. Drug promotion currently does more harm than good to each of these objectives because it is usually misleading. This is a systemic problem. Whilst improved regulation and education will address it to some degree, major reforms to payment systems for drug companies and doctors are also required. Until all these systemic reforms can be put in place, the best policy option is to (...)
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  30.  9
    Robert Boyle.Peter R. Anstey & J. J. Macintosh - 2014 - In Edward Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2010 Edition). Stanford University: Metaphysics Research Lab, CSLI. pp. 1-39.
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  31. The Experimental History of the Understanding From Locke to Sterne.Peter R. Anstey - 2009 - Eighteenth-Century Thought 4:143-169.
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  32.  51
    Locke’s Experimental Philosophy: Peter R. Anstey: John Locke and Natural Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, 256pp, $65 HB.Matthew Stuart, Keith Campbell, Michael Jacovides & Peter Anstey - 2013 - Metascience 22 (1):1-22.
    Serious philosophical reflection on the nature of experiment began in earnest in the seventeenth century. This paper expounds the most influential philosophy of experiment in seventeenth-century England, the Bacon-Boyle-Hooke view of experiment. It is argued that this can only be understood in the context of the new experimental philosophy practised according to the Baconian theory of natural history. The distinctive typology of experiments of this view is discussed, as well as its account of the relation between experiment and theory. This (...)
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  33. The Philosophy of John Locke: New Perspectives.Peter R. Anstey (ed.) - 2003 - Routledge.
    This collection of new essays on John Locke's philosophy provides the most up-to-date entrée into the exciting developments taking place in the study of one of the most important contributors to modern thought. Covering Locke's natural philosophy, his political and moral thought and his philosophy of religion, this book brings together the pioneering work of some of the world's leading Locke scholars.
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  34. Locke on Method in Natural Philosophy.Peter R. Anstey - 2003 - In The Philosophy of John Locke: New Perspectives. Routledge. pp. 26--42.
  35.  31
    Mathematical Principles of Reinforcement.Peter R. Killeen - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):105-135.
  36.  36
    Ethnography, Institutions, and the Problematic of the Everyday World.Peter R. Grahame - 1998 - Human Studies 21 (4):347-360.
    This essay describes institutional ethnography as a method of inquiry pioneered by Dorothy E. Smith, and introduces a collection of papers which make distinctive contributions to the development of this novel form of investigation. Institutional ethnography is presented as a research strategy which emerges from Smith's wide-ranging explorations of the problematic of the everyday world. Smith's conception of the everyday world as problematic involves a critical departure from the concepts and procedures of more conventional sociologies. She argues for an alternative (...)
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  37.  33
    Revisiting Matter, Form and Mechanism in the Seventeenth Century. [REVIEW]Peter R. Anstey - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (3):569-579.
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  38.  38
    The Methodological Origins of Newton’s Queries.Peter R. Anstey - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (2):247-269.
    This paper analyses the different ways in which Isaac Newton employed queries in his writings on natural philosophy. It is argued that queries were used in three different ways by Newton and that each of these uses is best understood against the background of the role that queries played in the Baconian method that was adopted by the leading experimenters of the early Royal Society. After a discussion of the role of queries in Francis Bacon’s natural historical method, Newton’s queries (...)
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  39.  9
    Essences and Kinds.Peter R. Anstey - 2011 - In Desmond M. Clarke & Catherine Wilson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe. Oxford University Press.
    This article examines the views of René Descartes, Robert Boyle, and John Locke on essence and kinds and outlines the polemical stances that motivate and direct each of their views. It describes the ontological categories to which they subscribed and their own speculative theories about the actual kinds in the world. It categories to which they subscribed and their own speculative theories about the actual kinds in the world and discusses the late-Aristotelian theory of substantial forms.
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  40.  2
    Ethnography, Institutions, and the Social Organization of Knowledge.Peter R. Grahame - 1998 - Human Studies 21 (4):347-360.
    This essay describes institutional ethnography as a method of inquiry pioneered by Dorothy E. Smith, and introduces a collection of papers which make distinctive contributions to the development of this novel form of investigation. Institutional ethnography is presented as a research strategy which emerges from Smith's wide-ranging explorations of the problematic of the everyday world. Smith's conception of the everyday world as problematic involves a critical departure from the concepts and procedures of more conventional sociologies. She argues for an alternative (...)
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  41.  9
    A Generalized Signal Detection Model to Predict Rational Variation in Base Rate Use.Peter R. Mueser, Nelson Cowan & Kim T. Mueser - 1999 - Cognition 69 (3):267-312.
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  42. Saint Augustine Lecture 2004.Peter R. L. Brown - 2005 - Augustinian Studies 36 (1):5-30.
  43.  66
    Péter Rózsa. Rekurzív Definiciók, Melyek Változó Számu Korábbi Függvényertéket Használnak Fel. Matematikai Lapok , Vol. 5 , Pp. 7–9. An Abstract of XX 176.Péter Rózsa. Ujabb Bizonyítás Arra, Hogy a Csillag-Kalmár-Féle Elemi Függvények Osztálya Szükebb, Mint a Primitiv-Rekurzív Függvényeké. Matematikai Lapok , Vol. 5 , Pp. 244–252. Hungarian Version of XX 282.Péter Rózsa. Kalmár László Matematikai Munkássága . Ebd., Bd. 6 , S. 138–150. [REVIEW]R. Péter - 1957 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 22 (3):295-296.
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  44.  5
    John Locke, Thomas Sydenham, and the Authorship of Two Medical Essays.Peter R. Anstey & John Burrows - 2009 - Electronic British Library Journal 3:1-42.
    Two medical essays in the hand of John Locke survive amongst the Shaftesbury Papers in the National Archives (National Archives PRO 30/24/47/2, ff. 31r–38v and ff. 49r–56r). Since the 1960s their authorship has been disputed. Some scholars have attributed them to the London physician Thomas Sydenham, others have attributed them to Locke. Detailed analyses of their contents and the context of their composition provide very strong evidence for Lockean authorship. This is reinforced by the application of the most recent techniques (...)
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  45. Ethics and Belief.Peter R. Baelz - 1977 - Seabury Press.
     
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  46.  17
    John Locke on the Understanding.Peter R. Anstey - 2013 - In The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century. Oxford University Press. pp. 311.
    The chapter examines the views of John Locke on the study of human understanding, focusing on his work entitled An Essay concerning Human Understanding and Of the Conduct of the Understanding. It highlights Locke's use of the Stoic tripartite division of knowledge into natural philosophy, ethics, and logic, and his emphasis on the importance of the senses in the acquisition of sensitive knowledge of the natural world. The chapter also discusses the normative aims for the study of the understanding, and (...)
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  47.  36
    Robert Boyle and Locke's "Morbus" Entry: A Reply To J.C. Walmsley.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Early Science and Medicine 7 (4):358-377.
  48.  25
    Nietzsche: The Key Concepts.Peter R. Sedgwick - 2009 - Routledge.
    __Nietzsche: The Key Concepts__ is a comprehensive guide to one of the most widely-studied and influential philosophers of the nineteenth century. This invaluable resource helps navigate the often challenging and controversial thought outlined in Nietzsche’s seminal texts. Fully cross-referenced throughout and in an accessible A-Z format with suggestions for further reading, this concise yet thorough introduction explores such ideas as: decadence epistemology modernity nihilism will to power This volume is essential reading for students of philosophy and will be of interest (...)
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  49.  21
    John Locke and Helmontian Medicine.Peter R. Anstey - 2010 - In Charles T. Wolfe & Ofer Gal (eds.), The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge. Embodied Empiricism in Early Modern Science. Springer. pp. 93--117.
  50.  11
    Optimal Timing and the Weber Function.Peter R. Killeen & Neil A. Weiss - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (4):455-468.
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