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Peter Railton [80]Peter A. Railton [4]
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Peter Railton
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
  1. Moral Realism.Peter Railton - 1986 - Philosophical Review 95 (2):163-207.
  2. Alienation, Consequentialism, and the Demands of Morality.Peter Railton - 1984 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 13 (2):134-171.
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  3. The Affective Dog and its Rational Tale: Intuition and Attunement.Peter Railton - 2014 - Ethics 124 (4):813-859.
    Intuition—spontaneous, nondeliberative assessment—has long been indispensable in theoretical and practical philosophy alike. Recent research by psychologists and experimental philosophers has challenged our understanding of the nature and authority of moral intuitions by tracing them to “fast,” “automatic,” “button-pushing” responses of the affective system. This view of the affective system contrasts with a growing body of research in affective neuroscience which suggests that it is instead a flexible learning system that generates and updates a multidimensional evaluative landscape to guide decision and (...)
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  4. Facts and Values.Peter Railton - 1986 - Philosophical Topics 14 (2):5-31.
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  5. Toward F in de Si”E C le Ethics: Some Trends.Stephen Darwall, Allan Gibbard & Peter Railton - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (1):115-189.
  6. A Deductive-Nomological Model of Probabilistic Explanation.Peter Railton - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (2):206-226.
    It has been the dominant view that probabilistic explanations of particular facts must be inductive in character. I argue here that this view is mistaken, and that the aim of probabilistic explanation is not to demonstrate that the explanandum fact was nomically expectable, but to give an account of the chance mechanism(s) responsible for it. To this end, a deductive-nomological model of probabilistic explanation is developed and defended. Such a model has application only when the probabilities occurring in covering laws (...)
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  7. Probability, Explanation, and Information.Peter Railton - 1981 - Synthese 48 (2):233 - 256.
  8. Naturalism and Prescriptivity.Peter Railton - 1989 - Social Philosophy and Policy 7 (1):151.
    Statements about a person's good slip into and out of our ordinary discourse about the world with nary a ripple. Such statements are objects of belief and assertion, they obey the rules of logic, and they are often defended by evidence and argument. They even participate in common-sense explanations, as when we say of some person that he has been less subject to wild swings of enthusiasm and disappointment now that, with experience, he has gained a clearer idea of what (...)
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  9. Facts, Values, and Norms: Essays Toward a Morality of Consequence.Peter Railton - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    In our everyday lives we struggle with the notions of why we do what we do and the need to assign values to our actions. Somehow, it seems possible through experience and life to gain knowledge and understanding of such matters. Yet once we start delving deeper into the concepts that underwrite these domains of thought and actions, we face a philosophical disappointment. In contrast to the world of facts, values and morality seem insecure, uncomfortably situated, easily influenced by illusion (...)
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  10. Practical Competence and Fluent Agency.Peter Railton - 2009 - In David Sobel & Steven Wall (eds.), Reasons for Action. Cambridge University Press. pp. 81--115.
  11.  97
    Moral Learning: Conceptual Foundations and Normative Relevance.Peter Railton - 2017 - Cognition 167:172-190.
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  12.  40
    Facts and Values.Peter Railton - 1986 - Philosophical Topics 14 (2):5-31.
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  13. On the Hypothetical and Non-Hypothetical in Reasoning About Belief and Action.Peter Railton - 1997 - In Garrett Cullity & Berys Nigel Gaut (eds.), Ethics and Practical Reason. Oxford University Press. pp. 53--79.
     
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  14.  92
    At the Core of Our Capacity to Act for a Reason: The Affective System and Evaluative Model-Based Learning and Control.Peter Railton - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (4):335-342.
    Recent decades have witnessed a sea change in thinking about emotion, which has gone from being seen as a disruptive force in human thought and action to being seen as an important source of situation- and goal-relevant information and evaluation, continuous with perception and cognition. Here I argue on philosophical and empirical grounds that the role of emotion in contributing to our ability to respond to reasons for action runs deeper still: The affective system is at the core of the (...)
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  15. Reliance, Trust, and Belief.Peter Railton - 2014 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 57 (1):122-150.
    An adequate theory of the nature of belief should help us explain the most obvious features of belief as we find it. Among these features are: guiding action and reasoning non-inferentially; varying in strength in ways that are spontaneously experience-sensitive; ‘aiming at truth’ in some sense and being evaluable in terms of correctness and warrant; possessing inertia across time and constancy across contexts; sustaining expectations in a manner mediated by propositional content; shaping the formation and execution of plans; generalizing spontaneously (...)
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  16. Normative Guidance.Peter Railton - 2006 - In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 1. Oxford University Press. pp. 3-34.
    I’ve been told that there are two principal approaches to drawing figures from life. One begins by tracing an outline of the figure to be drawn, locating its edges and key features on an imagined grid, and then using perspective to fill in depth. The other approach proceeds from the ‘center of mass’ of the subject, seeking to build up the image by supplying contour lines, the intersections of which convey depth—as if the representation were being created in relief. The (...)
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  17. That Obscure Object, Desire.Peter Railton - 2012 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 86 (2):22-46.
  18. Truth, Reason, and the Regulation of Belief.Peter Railton - 1994 - Philosophical Issues 5:71-93.
  19.  66
    Moral Learning: Psychological and Philosophical Perspectives.Fiery Cushman, Victor Kumar & Peter Railton - 2017 - Cognition 167:1-10.
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  20. How to Engage Reason: The Problem of Regress.Peter Railton - 2004 - In R. Jay Wallace, Philip Pettit, Samuel Scheffler & Michael Smith (eds.), Reason and Value: Themes From the Moral Philosophy of Joseph Raz. Clarendon Press.
     
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  21. Aesthetic Value, Moral Value, and the Ambitions of Naturalism.Peter Railton - 1998 - In Jerrold Levinson (ed.), Aesthetics and Ethics: Essays at the Intersection. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 59--105.
  22. Facts, Values, and Norms.Peter Railton - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 126 (3):433-448.
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  23. Moral Discourse and Practice: Some Philosophical Approaches.Stephen Darwall, Allan Gibbard & Peter Railton (eds.) - 1996 - Oxford University Press USA.
    What are ethical judgments about? And what is their relation to practice? How can ethical judgment aspire to objectivity? The past two decades have witnessed a resurgence of interest in metaethics, placing questions such as these about the nature and status of ethical judgment at the very center of contemporary moral philosophy. Moral Discourse and Practice: Some Philosophical Approaches is a unique anthology which collects important recent work, much of which is not easily available elsewhere, on core metaethical issues. Naturalist (...)
     
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  24. Homo Prospectus.Martin E. P. Seligman, Peter Railton, Roy F. Baumeister & Chandra Sripada - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Our species is misnamed. Though sapiens defines human beings as "wise" what humans do especially well is to prospect the future. We are homo prospectus. In this book, Martin E. P. Seligman, Peter Railton, Roy F. Baumeister, and Chandra Sripada argue it is anticipating and evaluating future possibilities for the guidance of thought and action that is the cornerstone of human success. Much of the history of psychology has been dominated by a framework in which people's behavior is driven by (...)
     
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  25. Moral Explanation and Moral ObjectivityMoral Relativism and Moral Objectivity.Peter Railton, Gilbert Harman & Judith Jarvis Thomson - 1998 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (1):175.
    What is the real issue at stake in discussions of "moral explanation"? There isn't one; there are many. The standing of purported moral properties and problems about our epistemic or semantic access to them are of concern both from within and without moral practice. An account of their potential contribution to explaining our values, beliefs, conduct, practices, etc. can help in these respects. By examining some claims made about moral explanation in Judith Thompson's and Gilbert Harman's Moral Relativism and Moral (...)
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  26. How Thinking About Character and Utilitarianism Might Lead to Rethinking the Character of Utilitarianism.Peter Railton - 1988 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 13 (1):398-416.
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  27. Two Cheers for Virtue: Or, Might Virtue Be Habit Forming?Peter Railton - 2011 - Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics 1:295-330.
    Traditional virtue-oriented approaches to ethics suppose that acquiring relatively stable character traits, such as courage and compassion, is crucial in addressing the question of how to be. However, recent psychological studies cast doubt on the idea that people develop such traits. In light of this pessimism, the paper raises the question: what is left of virtue theory? It argues that much remains once one shifts from a traditional understanding of virtues to one of cognitive/affective “if…then” dispositions that form a person’s (...)
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  28.  19
    Rationalization of Emotion is Also Rational.Peter Railton - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    Cushman seeks to explain rationalization in terms of fundamental mental processes, and he hypotheses a selected-for function: information exchange between “rational” and “non-rational” processes in the brain. While this is plausible, his account overlooks the importance – and information value – of rationalizing the emotions of ourselves and others. Incorporating such rationalization would help explain the effectiveness of rationalization and its connection with valuation, as well as raise a challenge to his way of bifurcating “rational” and “non-rational” processes.
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  29. Normative Force and Normative Freedom: Hume and Kant, but Not Hume Versus Kant.Peter Railton - 1999 - Ratio 12 (4):320–353.
    Our notion of normativity appears to combine, in a way difficult to understand but seemingly familiar from experience, elements of force and freedom. On the one hand, a normative claim is thought to have a kind of compelling authority; on the other hand, if our respecting it is to be an appropriate species of respect, it must not be coerced, automatic, or trivially guaranteed by definition. Both Hume and Kant, I argue, looked to aesthetic experience as a convincing example exhibiting (...)
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  30.  61
    Explanation and Metaphysical Controversy.Peter Railton - 1989 - In Philip Kitcher & Wesley Salmon (eds.), Scientific Explanation. Univ of Minnesota Pr. pp. 13--220.
  31. Explaining Explanation: A Realist Account of Scientific Explanation and Understanding.Peter Railton - 1980 - Dissertation, Princeton University
    The orthodox, empiricist covering-law account of scientific explanation, as developed by C. G. Hempel and others, has long dominated philosophical discussions of scientific explanation. In recent years it has met overwhelming critical resistance. We should give up this account of scientific ex.
     
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  32.  91
    Subject‐Ive and Objective.Peter Railton - 1995 - Ratio 8 (3):259-276.
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  33.  53
    Made in the Shade: Moral Compatibilism and the Aims of Moral Theory.Peter Railton - 1995 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (sup1):79-106.
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  34. Locke, Stock, and Peril: Natural Property Rights, Pollution, and Risk.Peter Railton - 1985 - In . Rowman & Littlefield.
    To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
     
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  35.  97
    Marx and the Objectivity of Science.Peter Railton - 1984 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:813 - 826.
    Marx claims that his social theory is objective in the same sense as contemporary natural science. Yet his social theory appears to imply that the prevailing notion of scientific objectivity is ideological in character. Must Marx, then, either give up his claim of scientific objectivity or admit that he is engaged in a bit of ideology on behalf of his own theory? By suggesting an alternative way of understanding objectivity, an attempt is made to show that one can accept the (...)
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  36.  93
    Some Questions About the Justification of Morality.Peter Railton - 1992 - Philosophical Perspectives 6:27-53.
  37.  81
    Toward a More Adequate Consequentialism.Peter Railton - 2018 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 35 (1):33-40.
  38. Pluralism, Determinacy, and Dilemma.Peter Railton - 1992 - Ethics 102 (4):720-742.
  39. Reply to David Wiggins.Peter Railton - 1993 - In John Haldane & Crispin Wright (eds.), Reality, Representation, and Projection. Oxford University Press. pp. 315--328.
     
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  40. Red, Bitter, Good.Peter A. Railton - 1998 - In European Review of Philosophy, Volume 3: Response-Dependence. Stanford: CSLI Publications.
  41.  83
    Moral factualism.Peter Railton - 2006 - In James Lawrence Dreier (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory. Blackwell. pp. 6--201.
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  42. Internalism for Externalists.Peter Railton - 2009 - Philosophical Issues 19 (1):166-181.
  43.  46
    Toward an Ethics That Inhabits the World.Peter Railton - 2004 - In Brian Leiter (ed.), The Future for Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 265--284.
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  44. Moral Discourse and Practice: Some Philosophical Approaches.Stephen Darwall, Allan Gibbard & Peter Railton - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (192):426-426.
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  45.  10
    Moral Relativism and Moral Objectivity.Peter Railton - 1998 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 58 (1):175-182.
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  46.  71
    A Priori Rules: Wittgenstein on the Normativity of Logic.Peter Railton - 2000 - In Paul Boghossian & Christopher Peacocke (eds.), New Essays on the a Priori. Oxford University Press. pp. 170--96.
  47. Naturalistic Realism in Metaethics.Peter Railton - 2017 - In Tristram McPherson & David Plunkett (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Metaethics. Routledge. pp. 43-57.
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  48.  39
    Author Reply: Affect, Value, Uncertainty, and Action.Peter Railton - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (4):354-355.
    Value and uncertainty are the critical components of decision and action. To think of the affective system as at the core of action is to draw attention to the role of affect in representing and combining these two dimensions, and orchestrating a wide range of mental capacities—attention, perception, memory, inference, motivation, and monitoring—in light of these evaluative representations. The commentators have helpfully enriched our appreciation of the various ways in which affect can contribute to the attunement, cuing, motivation, control, and (...)
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  49.  27
    Nonfactualism About Normative Discourse.Peter Railton - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (4):961 - 968.
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  50. Noncognitivism About Rationality: Benefits, Costs, and an Alternative.Peter Railton - 1993 - Philosophical Issues 4:36-51.
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