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Peter Schaber
University of Zürich
  1.  1
    Instrumentalisierung Und Würde.Peter Schaber - 2010 - Mentis.
    Für viele stellt das Instrumentalisierungsverbot, wonach man andere Menschen nie blo als Mittel behandeln darf, eine fundamentale moralische Wahrheit dar. Dieses Buch ist der Versuch, diese Ansicht näher zu fassen und zu begründen. Das Instrumentalisierungsverbot spielt nicht nur in unserer Alltagsmoral, sondern auch in moraltheoretischen Diskussionen eine wichtige Rolle. Verschiedenste Praktiken werden mit der Begründung als unzulässig kritisiert, dass mit ihnen Menschen instrumentalisiert würden. Doch was heit es, die anderen blo als Mittel zu behandeln? Es besteht, so wird in diesem (...)
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  2. Two Concepts of Dignity for Humans and Non-Human Organisms in the Context of Genetic Engineering.Philipp Balzer, Klaus Peter Rippe & Peter Schaber - 2000 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (1):7-27.
    The 1992 incorporation of an article by referendum in the SwissConstitution mandating that the federal government issue regulations onthe use of genetic material that take into account the dignity ofnonhuman organism raises philosophical questions about how we shouldunderstand what is meant by ``the dignity of nonhuman animals,'' andabout what sort of moral demands arise from recognizing this dignitywith respect to their genetic engineering. The first step in determiningwhat is meant is to clarify the difference between dignity when appliedto humans and (...)
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  3.  24
    The Volenti Maxim.Peter Schaber - 2020 - The Journal of Ethics 24 (1):79-89.
    This paper discusses the volenti non fit injuria maxim. The volenti maxim states that a person is not wronged by that to which she consents, provided her consent is valid. I will argue, however, that the volenti maxim does not apply to all instances of valid consent. In some cases the consenter is wronged even if his consent is valid. Valid consent can only release others from consent-sensitive duties, not from consent-insensitive duties. If the consentee flouts a consent-insensitive duty the (...)
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  4. .Peter Schaber - 2011
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  5.  38
    Menschenwürde: Ein Für Die Medizinethik Irrelevanter Begriff?Is Dignity a Useless Concept in Medical Ethics?Peter Schaber - 2012 - Ethik in der Medizin 24 (4):297-306.
    ZusammenfassungEs wurde für die These argumentiert, dass der Begriff der Würde in der Medizinethik nutzlos sei und in den Fällen, in denen er verständlich verwendet wird, nichts anderes meint als den Respekt vor der Autonomie von Personen. In diesem Aufsatz soll gezeigt werden, dass diese These falsch ist. Es wird ein Begriff von Würde vorgestellt, der sich nicht auf den Begriff des Respekts vor der Autonomie von Personen reduzieren lässt. Anhand der Diskussion um ein Sterben in Würde soll auch deutlich (...)
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  6.  89
    Value Pluralism: Some Problems. [REVIEW]Peter Schaber - 1999 - Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (1):71-78.
  7. Moralischer Realismus.Peter Schaber - 1998 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 60 (4):778-779.
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  8. Menschenwürde und Selbstachtung. Ein Vorschlag zum Verständnis der Menschenwürde.Peter Schaber - 2004 - Studia Philosophica 65:93-106.
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  9.  18
    Altruism and the Indispensability of Motives.Mark S. Peacock, Michael Schefczyk & Peter Schaber - 2005 - Analyse & Kritik 27 (1):188-196.
    In this paper we examine Fehr’s notions of “altruism”, “strong reciprocity” and “altruistic punishment” and query his ascription of altruism. We suggest that, pace Fehr, altruism cannot be defined behaviourally because the definition of altruism must refer to the motives of actors. We also advert to certain inconsistencies in Fehr’s usage of his terms and we question his explanation of altruism in terms of ‘social preferences’.
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  10.  26
    Selbstbestimmter Wille und das Recht auf assistierten Suizid.Peter Schaber - 2017 - Ethik in der Medizin 29 (2):97-107.
    ZusammenfassungIm Blick auf ein Recht auf assistierten Suizid ist nicht nur umstritten, ob es ein solches Recht gibt, es ist auch umstritten, worauf ein solches Recht denn ein Recht wäre. Der vorliegende Artikel versucht deutlich zu machen, dass das, worum es in dieser Diskussion um den selbstbestimmten Suizid geht, die Frage ist, was Entscheidungen von Menschen achtungswürdig macht. Der Artikel plädiert für eine Idee von Achtungswürdigkeit, für welche die selbstbestimmte Ausübung von Rechten über sich selbst leitend ist, eine Idee, die (...)
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  11.  21
    Achtung vor der Würde von Personen.Peter Schaber - 2009 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 57 (1):169-173.
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  12.  32
    Human Dignity, Self-Respect, and Dependency.Peter Schaber - unknown
    The paper deals with the question of whether poverty as such violates the dignity of persons. It is argued that it does. This is, it is argued, not due to a lack of basic goods, nor to the fact that poverty prevents persons from enjoying the rights they have, particularly the right to bodily integrity. Poverty does violate dignity, so it is argued, insofar as poor people are dependent on others in a degrading way.
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  13.  23
    Are There Insolvable Moral Conflicts?Peter Schaber - unknown
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  14.  13
    Kann eine Handlung, in die eingewilligt wurde, moralisch falsch sein?Peter Schaber - 2016 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 70 (4):477-492.
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  15.  34
    Demanding Something.Peter Schaber - 2014 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 90 (1):63-77.
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  16.  25
    Normative Facts.Peter Schaber - unknown
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  17.  72
    Property Rights and the Resource Curse.Peter Schaber - 2011 - .
    The so-called resource curse raises moral issues. Who, if anyone, is morally responsible for it? This article argues that this question amounts to: who is blameworthy for the violations of people's property rights? The international oil companies are blameworthy for the violations of property rights only in the case of complicity, not in the normal purchase case. Yet the international community has to take action against massive violations of property rights. The article discusses different measures, and criticizes voluntary initiatives such (...)
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  18.  13
    The Reason-Giving Force of Requests.Peter Schaber - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (2):431-442.
    How do we change the normative landscape by making requests? It will be argued that by making requests we create reasons for action if and only if certain conditions are met. We are able to create reasons if and only if doing so is valuable for the requester, and if they respect the requestee. Respectful requests have a normative force – it will be argued – because it is of instrumental value to us that we all have the normative power (...)
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  19.  27
    How Permissive Consent Works.Peter Schaber - 2020 - Ratio 33 (2):117-124.
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  20.  71
    Human Rights and Human Dignity: A Reply to Doris Schroeder. [REVIEW]Peter Schaber - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (1):155-161.
    According to Doris Schroeder, the view that human rights derive from human dignity should be rejected. She thinks that this is the case for three different reasons: the first has to do with the fact that the dominant concept of dignity is based on religious beliefs which will do no justificatory work in a secular society; the second is that the dominant secular view of dignity, which is the Kantian view, does not provide us with a justification of human rights, (...)
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  21.  55
    Achtung vor Personen.Peter Schaber - 2007 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 61 (4):423 - 438.
    Es geht in diesem Aufsatz um die Frage, was es heißt, eine andere Person zu achten. Im Zentrum steht dabei die moralische Achtung, nicht die Achtung im Sinne der Wertschätzung einer anderen Person. Ein wohlfahrts- und ein autonomietheoretisches Verständnis moralischer Achtung werden dargestellt und zurückgewiesen. Es wird für ein Verständnis moralischer Achtung argumentiert, wonach eine Person genau dann geachtet wird, wenn ihr authentischer Wille ernst genommen wird. Die Achtung schulden wir dabei der Würde der Person. Achtung vor der Würde der (...)
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  22.  8
    In Defense of the Lenient View.Peter Schaber - 2021 - Philosophia 49 (4):1695-1702.
    This paper deals with the wrongness of having sex with someone without her valid consent. There are good reasons to think that deception about deal-breakers invalidate consent to sex and that acting without valid consent wrongs the consenter. Tom Dougherty argues that it is always seriously wrong to deceive another person into sex by deceiving her. We should on his view therefore reject the view that doing so is in certain cases only a minor wrong. It will be argued here (...)
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  23.  50
    Human Rights and Basic Needs.Peter Schaber - unknown
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  24.  49
    Wieso moralische Achtung wichtig ist.Peter Schaber - 2009 - Analyse & Kritik 31 (2):351-361.
    Bittner argues in his paper that the idea of a general duty to respect persons is of much less importance than some moral philosophers think. If respect plays a role in our lives it is mainly appriciation respect persons have to merit. Respecting persons as such is, Bittner thinks, not just irrelevant, but also incompatibel with personal relations. Against this it is argued that respect for persons should be seen as the basic moral duty we have towards persons. And in (...)
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  25.  46
    Normative Handlungsgründe.Peter Schaber - 1999 - Analyse & Kritik 21 (1):25-40.
    It is a widely held view in moral philosophy that reasons for action are based on desires. This view should be rejected. Reasons for action are never provided by desires. Desires provide us with motives, whereas reasons for action are based on valuable facts which obtain independently of our desires. The recognition of these reasons does not necessarily motivate us. Motives depend on desires, for instance the motive for moral actions on the desire to do the morally right thing.
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  26.  47
    Communitarian Values.Peter Schaber & Norbert Anwander - unknown
  27.  49
    Incommensurability of Knowledge: Theories and Values.Peter Schaber & Paul Hoyningen-Huene - unknown
  28.  42
    Dignity Only for Humans? On the Inherent Value of Non-Human Beings.Peter Schaber - unknown
  29. Èokologie Aus Philosophischer Sicht.Thomas Kesselring, Ortwin Renn, Peter Schaber & Humboldt-Studienzentrum Ulm) - 1994
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  30. Der Wert von Autonomie.Peter Schaber - 1990 - Studia Philosophica 49:39-48.
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  31. HumanitŠre Intervention als moralische Pflicht.Peter Schaber - 2006 - Archiv für Rechts- Und Sozialphilosophie 92 (3):295-303.
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  32. Is Dignity a Useless Concept in Medical Ethics?Peter Schaber - 2012 - Ethik in der Medizin 24 (4):297-306.
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  33. Recht Als Sittlichkeit Eine Untersuchung Zu den Grundbegriffen der Hegelschen Rechtsphilosophie.Peter Schaber - 1989
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  34.  12
    The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Consent.Peter Schaber & Andreas Müller (eds.) - 2018 - Routledge.
    While the importance of Consent has been discussed widely over the last few decades, interest in its study has received renewed attention in recent years, particularly regarding medical treatment, clinical research and sexual acts. The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Consent is an outstanding reference source to this exciting subject and the first collection of its kind. Comprising over thirty chapters by a team of international contributors the Handbook is divided into five main parts: General Questions Normative Ethics Legal (...)
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  35.  25
    Was bedeutet es, die Autonomie anderer zu respektieren?Peter Schaber - 2016 - Archiv Für Rechts- Und Sozialphilosphie 102 (2):174-185.
    To respect the autonomous choices of persons is an important moral principle. There is, however, little agreement about its nature and its normative importance. This is due to the fact that the concept of autonomy as well as the moral relevance of autonomy are contested. It is argued in this paper that the debate about autonomy is at its core a debate about the reasons for respecting decisions. Decisions of persons are to be respected as their decisions, and they have (...)
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  36.  29
    Good and Right as Non-Natural Properties.Peter Schaber - unknown
  37.  23
    Why Be Moral: A Meaningful Question?Peter Schaber - 2015 - In Robert Louden & Beatrix Himmelmann (eds.), Why Be Moral? De Gruyter. pp. 31-42.
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  38.  1
    Moralische Pflichten und Gründe.Peter Schaber - 2021 - In Roland Kipke, Nele Röttger, Johanna Wagner & Almut Kristine V. Wedelstaedt (eds.), Zusammendenken: Festschrift Für Ralf Stoecker. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. pp. 75-88.
    Wir haben die Pflicht, bestimmte Dinge zu tun, andere zu unterlassen. Wenn wir Pflichten haben, sprechen Gründe dafür, sie zu erfüllen. Wie aber verhalten sich Gründe und Pflichten genau zueinander? Im vorliegenden Aufsatz wird dafür argumentiert, dass a) es keine Pflichten gibt, für deren Erfüllung keine moralischen Gründe sprechen; und dass b) moralische Gründe stark genug sein müssen, um uns unter eine Pflicht zu stellen, und eine Pflicht in bestimmten Fällen bloß durch die Ausübung einer normativen Fähigkeit entstehen kann.
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  39.  19
    Human Rights Without Foundations?Peter Schaber - 2011 - In .
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  40. The Indispensability of Motives: Thoughts on Ernst Fehr and Altruism.Mark S. Peacock, Michael Schefczyk & Peter Schaber - 2005 - Analyse & Kritik 27 (1):188-196.
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  41.  28
    Value Judgement. Improving Our Ethical Beliefs, James Griffin. Oxford University Press, 1996, 180 + Xii Pages.Peter Schaber - 1998 - Economics and Philosophy 14 (2):357.
  42.  10
    Wird Die Moral von Uns Geschaffen?Peter Schaber - 2017 - In Katharina Neges, Josef Mitterer, Sebastian Kletzl & Christian Kanzian (eds.), Realism - Relativism - Constructivism: Proceedings of the 38th International Wittgenstein Symposium in Kirchberg. De Gruyter. pp. 365-378.
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  43.  20
    Analytic Ethics in German Philosophy.Anna Kusser, Klaus-Peter Rippe & Peter Schaber - 1994 - Cogito 8 (3):264-267.
  44.  14
    The Reasons to Be Moral.Peter Schaber - unknown
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  45.  12
    Should Research on Stem Cells Be Allowed?Peter Schaber - unknown
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  46.  24
    Ethical Pluralism.Peter Schaber - unknown
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  47. Analytische Moralphilosophie.Jean Claude Wolf & Peter Schaber - 1999 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 189 (3):423-423.
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  48.  31
    Sind alle Werte vergleichbar?Peter Schaber - 1994 - Analyse & Kritik 16 (2):153-165.
    Are the values of different options and goods, as cost-benefit analysis assumes, commensurable? Not always. The incommensurability of certain options is based on the fact that preferences are sometimes not rankable, even if the agent is fully informed about the options in question. In addition, even if all values were commensurable they could not be compared in monetary terms. If this is the case, cost-benefit analysis should not be seen as a decision procedure.
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  49.  8
    Respecting the Global Poor.Peter Schaber - unknown
  50.  8
    Book Review. [REVIEW]Peter Schaber - 1998 - Economics and Philosophy 14 (2):357-362.
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