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Peter Simpson [70]Peter L. P. Simpson [9]Peter L. Simpson [2]Peter L. . . P. Simpson [1]
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Peter Simpson
CUNY Graduate Center
  1.  2
    A Philosophical Commentary on the Politics of Aristotle.Peter Simpson & Peter R. Phillips - 1998 - University of North Carolina Press.
    Philosophical Commentary on the Politics of Aristotle.
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  2.  89
    Contemporary Virtue Ethics and Aristotle.Peter Simpson - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 45 (3):503 - 524.
    MORAL PHILOSOPHY HAS LONG BEEN DOMINATED by two basic theories, Kantianism or deontology on the one hand, and utilitarianism or consequentialism on the other. Increasing dissatisfaction with these theories and their variants has led in recent years to the emergence of a different theory, the theory of virtue ethics. According to virtue ethics, what is primary for ethics is not, as deontologists and utilitarians hold, the judgment of acts or their consequences, but the judgment of agents. The good person is (...)
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  3.  33
    Liberalism, State, and Community.Peter Simpson - 1994 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 8 (2):159-173.
    Arguments for and against liberalism are vitiated by failing to distinguish between states (which have millions of citizens) and communities (which have only a few thousand citizens). The state should be liberal or minimal, but the community should not. The state is an alliance of communities for mutual defense and is concerned with matters of defense alone. Two reasons are given for this conclusion, one from Aristotle and one from Hobbes (though Hobbes's argument has to be corrected in two important (...)
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  4.  35
    Transcending Justice: Pope John Paul II and Just War.Peter L. P. Simpson - 2011 - Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (2):286-298.
    Pope John Paul II's opposition to the Iraq War was not that it failed to meet the conditions of Just War Theory. Indeed, we cannot tell from what he publicly said whether he thought it met those conditions or not, for he would have opposed it in any case. His thinking was rather that even just and necessary wars always come, as it were, too late, and are never able to solve the problems that made wars just and necessary. He (...)
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  5.  6
    The Great Ethics of Aristotle.Peter L. P. Simpson - 2014 - Transaction Publishers.
    In this follow up to The Eudemian Ethics of Aristotle, Peter L. P. Simpson centers his attention on the basics of Aristotelian moral doctrine as found in the Great Ethics: the definition of happiness, the nature and kind of the virtues, pleasure, and friendship. This work’s authenticity is disputed, but Simpson argues that all the evidence favors it. Unlike the Nicomachean and Eudemian Ethics, Aristotle wrote the Great Ethics for a popular audience. It gives us insight less into Aristotle the (...)
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  6.  23
    The Definition of Person: Boethius Revisited.Peter Simpson - 1988 - New Scholasticism 62 (2):210-220.
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  7. The Eudemian Ethics of Aristotle.Peter L. P. Simpson - 2013 - Routledge.
    Among the works on ethics in the Aristotelian corpus, there is no serious dispute among scholars that the "Eudemian Ethics "is authentic. The "Eudemian Ethics "is" "increasingly read and used by scholars as a useful support and confirmation and sometimes contrast to the "Nicomachean Ethics." Yet, it remains a largely neglected work in the study of Aristotle's ethics, both among scholars and moral philosophers. Peter L. P. Simpson provides an analytical outline of the entire work together with summaries of each (...)
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  8.  13
    Aristotle on Natural Justice.Peter Simpson - 2014 - Studia Gilsoniana 3:367-376.
    The article discusses the problem of natural justice which has been considered by Aristotle in his Nicomachean and Eudemian Ethics and Magna Moralia. In his Nicomachean and Eudemian Ethics Aristotle says of natural justice that it is changeable and not the same everywhere. The implication seems to be that no action, not even murder, is always wrong. But, as is evident especially from his Magna Moralia, Aristotle distinguishes justice into the “what”, the “in what”, and the “about what”. The article (...)
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  9. Aristotle's Defensible Defence of Slavery.Peter Simpson - 2006 - Polis 23 (1):95-115.
    This article is an attempt to break down Aristotle's arguments in favour of slavery into what I take to be their constituent premises and conclusions, to set these out schematically in syllogistic form, and to display both how each of the arguments works on its own and how all of them fit together to form one overarching argument. The purpose of this exercise is to make as evident as possible the structure, coherence, and validity of Aristotle's reasoning. This is something (...)
     
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  10.  29
    Aristotle's Idea of the Self.Peter Simpson - 2001 - Journal of Value Inquiry 35 (3):309-324.
  11.  21
    Just War Theory and the IRA.Peter Simpson - 1986 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (1):73-88.
  12.  58
    The Dream Argument and Descartes' First Meditation.Peter Simpson - unknown
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  13.  25
    Book Review: Reflections on Aristotle’s Politics, Written by Mogens Herman Hansen. [REVIEW]Peter L. P. Simpson - 2014 - Polis 31 (2):450-451.
  14. Aristotle's Criticism of Socrates' Communism of Wives and Children.Peter Simpson - 1991 - Apeiron 24 (2):99.
    Introduction Aristotle’s criticisms of Plato’s Republic and Laws in the second book of his Politics have appeared to most commentators to be signally unconvincing. They seem to miss the point, beg the question, distort the sense or focus on the merely trivial. As one translator has put it, Aristotle is ‘puzzlingly unsympathetic’, ‘obtuse’ and ‘rather perverse’ as a critic of Plato.1 But while many accept this judgement few draw attention to the implications. These criticisms are one of the few cases (...)
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  15.  38
    The Nature and Origin of Ideas: The Controversy Over Innate Ideas Reconsidered.Peter Simpson - 1985 - International Philosophical Quarterly 25 (1):15-30.
    Locke and descartes only disagree about innate knowledge because they both accept the principle that knowledge that comes through the senses is sensible knowledge or reducible to such knowledge. Other philosophers from berkeley to wittgenstein share the same principle. This principle is rejected by aristotle and the aristotelian tradition; consequently aristotle is able to give a more convincing account of knowledge and its acquisition. A summary of this account is given and defended.
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  16.  30
    The Virtuous Life in Greek Ethics—Ed. Burkhard Reis and Stella Haffmans. [REVIEW]Peter Simpson - 2008 - International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (1):109-111.
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  17.  36
    God.Peter L. P. Simpson - 2012 - International Philosophical Quarterly 52 (1):121-123.
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  18. Charles Taylor. [REVIEW]Peter Simpson - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (1):157-158.
    To write a book summarizing and explaining the thought of a wide-ranging and complex philosopher is a hard task, and even more so when the philosopher in question is still writing. Still, it is usually a worthy and often a necessary task. That is certainly so in this case. Charles Taylor is one of the few contemporary philosophers both to be at the forefront of a major philosophical movement and to have comfortably and ably straddled the great divide between analytic (...)
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  19. Deus E Sócrates Sobre Os Males Do Governo.Peter Simpson - 2005 - Hypnos. Revista Do Centro de Estudos da Antiguidade 15:13-24.
    Velho Testamento Deus expressa, através do profeta Samuel, idéias sobre o governo humano, similares às de Sócrates na República de Platão. Ambos defendem que a melhor organização política é aquela na qual nenhuma pessoa ou classe domina, mas aquela onde cada um rege a si mesmo através de um princípio interno de justiça. Uma “anarquia” justa deste tipo não é apenas a melhor, mas também possível de ser alcançada. Ao menos em certos períodos os filhos de Israel a obtiveram. Deveríamos (...)
     
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  20. Encomium Gorgiae Ou Górgias Versus Parmênides.Peter Simpson - 2011 - Hypnos. Revista Do Centro de Estudos da Antiguidade 26:1-12.
    O tratado de Górgias sobre o nada é dividido por meio da prova de três teses diferentes: 1) que o nada é ou existe; 2) que mesmo que haja algo, não pode ser conhecido; 3) que mesmo que pudesse ser conhecido, não poderia ser comunicado a outrem. Estas teses são tão opostas a Parmênides quanto qualquer tese poderia sê-lo. O tratado de Górgias é uma proeza da polêmica antiparmenidiana. Sua dialética também é uma façanha ao reduzir algo ao absurdo, porque (...)
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  21. Goodness and Nature.Peter SIMPSON - 1988
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  22.  6
    Hegel’s Transcendental Induction.Peter Simpson - 1997 - State University of New York Press.
    Challenges the orthodox account of Hegelian phenomenology as hyper-rationalism, arguing that Hegel's insistence on the primacy of experience in the development of scientific knowledge amounts to a kind of empiricism, or inductive epistemology.
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  23.  3
    On Karol Wojtyl.Peter Simpson - 2001 - Wadsworth Publishing Company.
    This brief text assists students in understanding Karol Wojtyla's philosophy and thinking so they can more fully engage in useful, intelligent class dialogue and improve their understanding of course content. Part of the Wadsworth Notes Series,, ON KAROL WOJTYLA is written by a philosopher deeply versed in the philosophy of this key thinker. Like other books in the series, this concise book offers sufficient insight into the thinking of a notable philosopher, better enabling students to engage in reading and to (...)
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  24. Plato’s Statesman: The Web of Politics. [REVIEW]Peter Simpson - 2004 - International Studies in Philosophy 36 (1):272-273.
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  25. Review of Eckart Schütrumpf's Aristotoles Politik, uberstetzt und erlautern. [REVIEW]Peter Simpson - 1993 - American Journal of Philology 114 (2):320-323.
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  26. Stephen Theron: "Morals as Founded on Natural Law". [REVIEW]Peter Simpson - 1989 - The Thomist 53 (2):341.
  27. The Disillusioned Hegelian: Barker's Readings of Plato.Peter Simpson - 2006 - Polis 23 (2):263-285.
    Ernest Barker wrote two books on the political thought of Plato, both of which were also directly related to his study of the political thought of Aristotle. This essay examines the way Barker's readings of Plato changed, first from the earlier to the later of his two books, and then from the later of these books, written during WWI, to his translation of Aristotle's Politics, written during WWII. The contention is that, as Barker himself partly confessed, WWI led him to (...)
     
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  28. The Disillusioned Hegelian: Barker’S Readings of Plato.Peter Simpson - 2006 - Polis: The Journal for Ancient Greek Political Thought 23 (2):263-285.
    Ernest Barker wrote two books on the political thought of Plato, both of which were also directly related to his study of the political thought of Aristotle. This essay examines the way Barker’s readings of Plato changed, first from the earlier to the later of his two books, and then from the later of these books, written during WWI, to his translation of Aristotle’s Politics, written during WWII. The contention is that, as Barker himself partly confessed, WWI led him to (...)
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  29. The Rejection of Consequentialism. [REVIEW]Peter Simpson - 1986 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 31:525-528.
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  30.  26
    Consequentialism, Incoherence and Choice: A Rejoinder to a Rejoinder.Peter Simpson & Robert Mckim - 1992 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 66 (1):93-98.
  31.  43
    The Rejection of Skepticism.Peter Simpson - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 6:25-28.
    There is a widespread belief among contemporary philosophers that skeptical hypotheses—such as that we are dreaming, or victims of an evil demon, or brains in a vat—cannot definitively be ruled out as false. This belief is ill-founded. In fact it is based on a failure to see that skeptical arguments beg the question. Such arguments assume that reality is not an immediate given of experience in order to prove that reality is not an immediate given of experience. This point is (...)
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  32. St. Thomas on the Naturalistic Fallacy.Peter Simpson - 1987 - The Thomist 51 (1):51-69.
     
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  33. Making the Citizens Good, Aristotle City and its Contemporary Relevance.Peter Simpson - 1990 - Philosophical Forum 22 (2):149-166.
     
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  34.  24
    Meier, Heinrich. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt.Peter Simpson - 2012 - Review of Metaphysics 65 (4):885-887.
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  35.  33
    Hegels Wissenschaft der Logik--Metaphysische Letztbegründung Oder Theorie Logischer Formen?Peter Simpson - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (4):944-945.
    Friedrike Schick's Hegels Wissenschaft der Logik-metaphysische Letztbegründung oder Theorie logischer Formen? raises the question of the sense in which logic can perform the metaphysical work Hegel insists it can. It is Hegel's goal, according to Schick, to overcome the difference between logic, as the science of the forms of thought, and metaphysics, as the science of the forms of things themselves, by means of this transition, and it is Schick's goal in her work to evaluate Hegel's success.
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  36.  10
    Aristotle’s Defensible Defence of Slavery.Peter Simpson - 2006 - Polis: The Journal for Ancient Greek Political Thought 23 (1):95-115.
    This article is an attempt to break down Aristotle’s arguments in favour of slavery into what I take to be their constituent premises and conclusions, to set these out schematically in syllogistic form, and to display both how each of the arguments works on its own and how all of them fit together to form one overarching argument. The purpose of this exercise is to make as evident as possible the structure, coherence, and validity of Aristotle’s reasoning. This is something (...)
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  37.  25
    The Rejection of Consequentialism.Peter Simpson - 1986 - Philosophical Studies 31:525-528.
  38.  23
    Abbey, Ruth. Charles Taylor.Peter Simpson - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (1):157-158.
  39.  25
    Wojtyla, Karol. Man in the Field of Responsibility.Peter Simpson - 2012 - Review of Metaphysics 65 (4):902-903.
  40.  22
    Practical Knowing.Peter Simpson - 1990 - Modern Schoolman 67 (2):111-122.
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  41.  24
    Susan D. Collins, Aristotle and the Rediscovery of Citizenship.Peter Simpson - 2007 - Philosophical Inquiry 29 (1-2):176-179.
  42.  21
    Common Sense Morality and Consequentialism.Peter Simpson - 1987 - Review of Metaphysics 40 (4):795-797.
    Professor Slote is one of many contemporary philosophers writing on consequentialism; he is also one of the more acute and perceptive. While not himself a consequentialist, he is clearly fascinated by it as a philosophical theory. This fascination has enabled him to analyse it more thoroughly even than its many supporters, and we are indebted to him, both in this book and in others, for several new and important insights into the character of that perennial and much-debated theory.
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  43.  14
    Political Illiberalism: A Response to My Critics.Peter L. P. Simpson - 2017 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 62 (1):125-142.
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  44.  16
    The War on Terrorism: Its Justification and Limits.Peter Simpson - 2004 - In Mark Textor, Andreas Kemmerling & Georg Meggle (eds.), Ethics of Terrorism & Counter-Terrorism. De Gruyter. pp. 197-206.
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  45.  16
    On the History of Modern Philosophy.Peter Simpson - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (3):681-682.
    Andrew Bowie's translation of On the History of Modern Philosophy, which works from the accepted German edition of Schelling's lectures delivered at the University of Munich during the 1830s, presents one of the more complex figures in the history of philosophy in an appropriately complex struggle to define his place in modern thought. Although Bowie contends that the lectures make accessible the later period of Schelling's work, Schelling's readings are typically informed and accompanied by densely-argued claims about the nature of (...)
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  46.  17
    Justice, Scheffler and Cicero.Peter Simpson - 1991 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 65 (2):203-211.
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  47.  20
    Reasons and Persons.Peter Simpson - 1985 - Review of Metaphysics 39 (2):370-372.
    The aim and result of this book may perhaps be best described as the dissolution of the idea of persons, at least as 'person' is ordinarily understood. Parfit wishes, partly in response to the impersonalism of modern life, to establish impersonalism in moral theory. But such impersonalism will in fact, he maintains, make things go better for persons.
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  48.  15
    Essays on the Foundations of Aristotelian Political Science.Peter Simpson - 1993 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (1):156-157.
    This book consists of an introduction by Carnes Lord and nine essays: Stephen Salkever on Aristotle's social science; Cames Lord on Aristotle's anthropology; Abram Shulsky on Aristotle's economics; Josiah Ober on Aristotle's sociology of class, status, and Order; David O'Connor on Aristotle's conception of justice; Stephen Salkever on Plato and Aristotle on women, soldiers, and citizens; Waller Newell on Aristotle on monarchy; Barry Strauss on Aristotle on Athenian democracy; and Richard Bodéus on Aristotle on law and regime.
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  49.  12
    Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy.Peter Simpson - 2008 - Review of Metaphysics 61 (4):855-857.
  50.  19
    Wittgenstein's City.Peter Simpson - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (2):399-401.
    The title of this book is taken from one of Wittgenstein's own images. In Philosophical Investigations §18, Wittgenstein writes: "Our language can be seen as an ancient city: a maze of little streets and squares, of old and new houses, and of houses with additions from various periods." Ackerman maintains that this image gives us the clue to seeing Wittgenstein's thought as a whole. The two periods of Wittgenstein's thinking are nowhere near as opposed as scholars are wont to make (...)
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