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Peter Simpson [68]Peter L. P. Simpson [9]Peter L. . . P. Simpson [1]Peter L. Simpson [1]
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Peter Simpson
CUNY Graduate Center
  1.  69
    Contemporary Virtue Ethics and Aristotle.Peter Simpson - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 45 (3):503 - 524.
    MORAL PHILOSOPHY HAS LONG BEEN DOMINATED by two basic theories, Kantianism or deontology on the one hand, and utilitarianism or consequentialism on the other. Increasing dissatisfaction with these theories and their variants has led in recent years to the emergence of a different theory, the theory of virtue ethics. According to virtue ethics, what is primary for ethics is not, as deontologists and utilitarians hold, the judgment of acts or their consequences, but the judgment of agents. The good person is (...)
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  2. Aristotle's Criticism of Socrates' Communism of Wives and Children.Peter Simpson - 1991 - Apeiron 24 (2):99.
    Introduction Aristotle’s criticisms of Plato’s Republic and Laws in the second book of his Politics have appeared to most commentators to be signally unconvincing. They seem to miss the point, beg the question, distort the sense or focus on the merely trivial. As one translator has put it, Aristotle is ‘puzzlingly unsympathetic’, ‘obtuse’ and ‘rather perverse’ as a critic of Plato.1 But while many accept this judgement few draw attention to the implications. These criticisms are one of the few cases (...)
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  3. Aristotle's Defensible Defence of Slavery.Peter Simpson - 2006 - Polis 23 (1):95-115.
    This article is an attempt to break down Aristotle's arguments in favour of slavery into what I take to be their constituent premises and conclusions, to set these out schematically in syllogistic form, and to display both how each of the arguments works on its own and how all of them fit together to form one overarching argument. The purpose of this exercise is to make as evident as possible the structure, coherence, and validity of Aristotle's reasoning. This is something (...)
     
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  4.  32
    Transcending Justice: Pope John Paul II and Just War.Peter L. P. Simpson - 2011 - Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (2):286-298.
    Pope John Paul II's opposition to the Iraq War was not that it failed to meet the conditions of Just War Theory. Indeed, we cannot tell from what he publicly said whether he thought it met those conditions or not, for he would have opposed it in any case. His thinking was rather that even just and necessary wars always come, as it were, too late, and are never able to solve the problems that made wars just and necessary. He (...)
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  5. Making the Citizens Good, Aristotle City and its Contemporary Relevance.Peter Simpson - 1990 - Philosophical Forum 22 (2):149-166.
     
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  6.  31
    Liberalism, State, and Community.Peter Simpson - 1994 - Critical Review 8 (2):159-173.
    Arguments for and against liberalism are vitiated by failing to distinguish between states (which have millions of citizens) and communities (which have only a few thousand citizens). The state should be liberal or minimal, but the community should not. The state is an alliance of communities for mutual defense and is concerned with matters of defense alone. Two reasons are given for this conclusion, one from Aristotle and one from Hobbes (though Hobbes's argument has to be corrected in two important (...)
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  7.  28
    Aristotle's Idea of the Self.Peter Simpson - 2001 - Journal of Value Inquiry 35 (3):309-324.
  8.  30
    The Nature and Origin of Ideas: The Controversy Over Innate Ideas Reconsidered.Peter Simpson - 1985 - International Philosophical Quarterly 25 (1):15-30.
    Locke and descartes only disagree about innate knowledge because they both accept the principle that knowledge that comes through the senses is sensible knowledge or reducible to such knowledge. Other philosophers from berkeley to wittgenstein share the same principle. This principle is rejected by aristotle and the aristotelian tradition; consequently aristotle is able to give a more convincing account of knowledge and its acquisition. A summary of this account is given and defended.
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  9.  12
    Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy.Peter Simpson - 2008 - Review of Metaphysics 61 (4):855-857.
  10.  26
    The Virtuous Life in Greek Ethics—Ed. Burkhard Reis and Stella Haffmans. [REVIEW]Peter Simpson - 2008 - International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (1):109-111.
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  11.  17
    The Definition of Person: Boethius Revisited.Peter Simpson - 1988 - New Scholasticism 62 (2):210-220.
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  12.  36
    The Dream Argument and Descartes' First Meditation.Peter Simpson - unknown
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  13.  35
    God.Peter L. P. Simpson - 2012 - International Philosophical Quarterly 52 (1):121-123.
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  14.  23
    Consequentialism, Incoherence and Choice: A Rejoinder to a Rejoinder.Peter Simpson & Robert McKim - 1992 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 66 (1):93-98.
  15.  18
    Just War Theory and the IRA.Peter Simpson - 1986 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (1):73-88.
  16. St. Thomas on the Naturalistic Fallacy.Peter Simpson - 1987 - The Thomist 51 (1):51-69.
     
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  17.  18
    Aristotle's Theory of Assertions: A Reply to William Jacobs.Peter Simpson - 1981 - Phronesis 26 (1):84-87.
  18.  1
    Aristotle's Ethica Evdemia: The Text and Character of the Common Books as Found in Eth. Evd. Mss.Peter L. P. Simpson - forthcoming - Classical Quarterly:1-15.
    Aristotle's Ethica Eudemia and Ethica Nicomachea, as is well known and much discussed, contain three books in common. Less well known, at least until Dieter Harlfinger alerted scholars to the fact in 1971, is that some of the manuscripts of Eth. Eud. do, contrary to the then prevailing consensus, contain the text of these common books. Even less well known is that Harlfinger's discovery was anticipated some 50 years before by Walter Ashburner, who had uncovered this fact about Eth. Eud. (...)
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  19.  23
    Abbey, Ruth. Charles Taylor.Peter Simpson - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (1):157-158.
  20.  22
    Practical Knowing.Peter Simpson - 1990 - Modern Schoolman 67 (2):111-122.
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  21.  23
    Meier, Heinrich. The Lesson of Carl Schmitt.Peter Simpson - 2012 - Review of Metaphysics 65 (4):885-887.
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  22.  6
    Vom Gesichtspunkt Der PhäNomenologie Ii, by Rudolf Boehm.Peter Simpson - 1984 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 15 (2):203-205.
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  23.  12
    Political Illiberalism: A Response to My Critics.Peter L. P. Simpson - 2017 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 62 (1):125-142.
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  24. Goodness and Nature: A Defense of Ethical Naturalism.Peter Simpson - 1987 - M. Nijhoff Publishers.
  25.  32
    The Rejection of Skepticism.Peter Simpson - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 6:25-28.
    There is a widespread belief among contemporary philosophers that skeptical hypotheses—such as that we are dreaming, or victims of an evil demon, or brains in a vat—cannot definitively be ruled out as false. This belief is ill-founded. In fact it is based on a failure to see that skeptical arguments beg the question. Such arguments assume that reality is not an immediate given of experience in order to prove that reality is not an immediate given of experience. This point is (...)
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  26.  10
    Liberalism: Political Success, Moral Failure?Peter Simpson - 1990 - Journal of Social Philosophy 21 (1):46-54.
  27.  19
    Common Sense Morality and Consequentialism.Peter Simpson - 1987 - Review of Metaphysics 40 (4):795-797.
    Professor Slote is one of many contemporary philosophers writing on consequentialism; he is also one of the more acute and perceptive. While not himself a consequentialist, he is clearly fascinated by it as a philosophical theory. This fascination has enabled him to analyse it more thoroughly even than its many supporters, and we are indebted to him, both in this book and in others, for several new and important insights into the character of that perennial and much-debated theory.
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  28.  2
    Book Review: Reflections on Aristotle’s Politics, Written by Mogens Herman Hansen. [REVIEW]Peter L. P. Simpson - 2014 - Polis 31 (2):450-451.
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  29.  29
    Hegels Wissenschaft der Logik--Metaphysische Letztbegründung Oder Theorie Logischer Formen?Peter Simpson - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (4):944-945.
    Friedrike Schick's Hegels Wissenschaft der Logik-metaphysische Letztbegründung oder Theorie logischer Formen? raises the question of the sense in which logic can perform the metaphysical work Hegel insists it can. It is Hegel's goal, according to Schick, to overcome the difference between logic, as the science of the forms of thought, and metaphysics, as the science of the forms of things themselves, by means of this transition, and it is Schick's goal in her work to evaluate Hegel's success.
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  30.  18
    The Rejection of Consequentialism.Peter Simpson - 1986 - Philosophical Studies 31:525-528.
  31.  18
    Susan D. Collins, Aristotle and the Rediscovery of Citizenship.Peter Simpson - 2007 - Philosophical Inquiry 29 (1-2):176-179.
  32.  12
    Moral Conscience Through the Ages. [REVIEW]Peter Simpson - 2015 - Review of Metaphysics 69 (2):412-413.
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  33.  6
    Aristotle on Natural Justice.Peter Simpson - 2014 - Studia Gilsoniana 3:367-376.
    The article discusses the problem of natural justice which has been considered by Aristotle in his Nicomachean and Eudemian Ethics and Magna Moralia. In his Nicomachean and Eudemian Ethics Aristotle says of natural justice that it is changeable and not the same everywhere. The implication seems to be that no action, not even murder, is always wrong. But, as is evident especially from his Magna Moralia, Aristotle distinguishes justice into the “what”, the “in what”, and the “about what”. The article (...)
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  34.  16
    Wojtyla, Karol. Man in the Field of Responsibility.Peter Simpson - 2012 - Review of Metaphysics 65 (4):902-903.
  35.  20
    Reasons and Persons.Peter Simpson - 1985 - Review of Metaphysics 39 (2):370-372.
    The aim and result of this book may perhaps be best described as the dissolution of the idea of persons, at least as 'person' is ordinarily understood. Parfit wishes, partly in response to the impersonalism of modern life, to establish impersonalism in moral theory. But such impersonalism will in fact, he maintains, make things go better for persons.
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  36. Autonomous Morality and the Idea of the Noble.Peter Simpson - 1986 - Interpretation 14 (2/3):353-370.
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  37.  12
    A New Basis for Moral Philosophy.Peter Simpson - 1987 - Review of Metaphysics 41 (1):152-154.
    As its title implies, this book is meant to give a new foundation to moral philosophy. In the sense meant, a foundation is a cognitive grounding. Lee is opposing the various non-naturalist 'volitionalisms' that have proved so influential in recent moral philosophy. The burden of her book is to show that the non-naturalist claim that there is no grounding for values in facts is unwarranted. This claim is due, she says, to positivism and empiricism and the associated contention that knowledge (...)
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  38.  12
    Essays on the Foundations of Aristotelian Political Science.Peter Simpson - 1993 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (1):156-157.
    This book consists of an introduction by Carnes Lord and nine essays: Stephen Salkever on Aristotle's social science; Cames Lord on Aristotle's anthropology; Abram Shulsky on Aristotle's economics; Josiah Ober on Aristotle's sociology of class, status, and Order; David O'Connor on Aristotle's conception of justice; Stephen Salkever on Plato and Aristotle on women, soldiers, and citizens; Waller Newell on Aristotle on monarchy; Barry Strauss on Aristotle on Athenian democracy; and Richard Bodéus on Aristotle on law and regime.
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  39.  12
    On the History of Modern Philosophy.Peter Simpson - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (3):681-682.
    Andrew Bowie's translation of On the History of Modern Philosophy, which works from the accepted German edition of Schelling's lectures delivered at the University of Munich during the 1830s, presents one of the more complex figures in the history of philosophy in an appropriately complex struggle to define his place in modern thought. Although Bowie contends that the lectures make accessible the later period of Schelling's work, Schelling's readings are typically informed and accompanied by densely-argued claims about the nature of (...)
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  40.  14
    Justice, Scheffler and Cicero.Peter Simpson - 1991 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 65 (2):203-211.
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  41.  11
    The War on Terrorism: Its Justification and Limits.Peter Simpson - 2004 - In Mark Textor, Andreas Kemmerling & Georg Meggle (eds.), Ethics of Terrorism & Counter-Terrorism. De Gruyter. pp. 197-206.
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  42.  12
    Plato’s Statesman.Peter Simpson - 2004 - International Studies in Philosophy 36 (1):272-273.
  43.  17
    Wittgenstein's City.Peter Simpson - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (2):399-401.
    The title of this book is taken from one of Wittgenstein's own images. In Philosophical Investigations §18, Wittgenstein writes: "Our language can be seen as an ancient city: a maze of little streets and squares, of old and new houses, and of houses with additions from various periods." Ackerman maintains that this image gives us the clue to seeing Wittgenstein's thought as a whole. The two periods of Wittgenstein's thinking are nowhere near as opposed as scholars are wont to make (...)
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  44.  17
    Religion and Contemporary Liberalism.Peter L. P. Simpson - 1999 - Faith and Philosophy 16 (2):264-269.
  45.  10
    Human Rights. Fact or Fancy?Peter Simpson - 1987 - Review of Metaphysics 40 (3):601-603.
    Veatch's theme in this book is natural law as a basis for rights. He wishes to defend the classical notion that the good and the right, in ethics, politics and the law, can be found by some appeal to nature. In the first chapter of the book he directs arguments against the standard anti-natural law positions in philosophy, and against particular philosophers, like Hobbes and Kant. This is the least effective chapter in the book. The criticisms are not so much (...)
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  46.  6
    On The Text Of Some Disputed Passages In Aristotle's Ethica Eudemia.Peter L. Simpson - 2012 - Classical Quarterly 62 (2):541-552.
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  47.  6
    The Rejection of Skepticism.Peter Simpson - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 6:25-28.
    There is a widespread belief among contemporary philosophers that skeptical hypotheses—such as that we are dreaming, or victims of an evil demon, or brains in a vat—cannot definitively be ruled out as false. This belief is ill-founded. In fact it is based on a failure to see that skeptical arguments beg the question. Such arguments assume that reality is not an immediate given of experience in order to prove that reality is not an immediate given of experience. This point is (...)
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  48.  10
    Sowerby, Scott., Making Toleration.Peter Simpson - 2013 - Review of Metaphysics 67 (1):189-190.
  49.  1
    Aristotle’s Defensible Defence of Slavery.Peter Simpson - 2006 - Polis: The Journal for Ancient Greek Political Thought 23 (1):95-115.
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  50.  13
    Reification.Peter Simpson - 2009 - Review of Metaphysics 62 (3):662-663.
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