Results for 'Peter Singer Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek'

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  1. Utilitarianism: A Very Short Introduction.Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek & Peter Singer - 2017 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Utilitarianism may well be the most influential secular ethical theory in the world today. It is also one of the most controversial. It clashes, or is widely thought to clash, with many conventional moral views, and with human rights when they are seen as inviolable. Would it, for example, be right to torture a suspected terrorist in order to prevent an attack that could kill and injure a large number of innocent people? In this Very Short Introduction Peter (...) and Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek provide an authoritative account of the nature of utilitarianism, from its nineteenth-century origins, to its justification and its varieties. Considering how utilitarians can respond to objections that are often regarded as devastating, they explore the utilitarian answer to the question of whether torture can ever be justified. They also discuss what it is that utilitarians should seek to maximize, paying special attention to the classical utilitarian view that only pleasure or happiness is of intrinsic value. Singer and de Lazari-Radek conclude by analysing the continuing importance of utilitarianism in the world, indicating how it is a force for new thinking on contemporary moral challenges like global poverty, the treatment of animals, climate change, reducing the risk of human extinction, end-of-life decisions for terminally-ill patients, and the shift towards assessing the success of government policies in terms of their impact on happiness. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable. (shrink)
     
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  2. Does Anything Really Matter?: Parfit on Objectivity.Peter Singer (ed.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    In the first two volumes of On What Matters Derek Parfit argues that there are objective moral truths, and other normative truths about what we have reasons to believe, and to want, and to do. In defending his view, Parfit argues that if there are no objective normative truths, nihilism follows, and nothing matters. He criticizes many leading contemporary philosophers working on ethics, including Simon Blackburn, Stephen Darwall, Allen Gibbard, Frank Jackson, Peter Railton, Mark Schroeder, Michael Smith, and Sharon (...)
     
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  3. The Objectivity of Ethics and the Unity of Practical Reason.Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek & Peter Singer - 2012 - Ethics 123 (1):9-31.
    Evolutionary accounts of the origins of human morality may lead us to doubt the truth of our moral judgments. Sidgwick tried to vindicate ethics from this kind of external attack. However, he ended The Methods in despair over another problem—an apparent conflict between rational egoism and universal benevolence, which he called the “dualism of practical reason.” Drawing on Sidgwick, we show that one way of defending objectivity in ethics against Sharon Street’s recent evolutionary critique also puts us in a position (...)
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  4. 10. Douglas Portmore, Commonsense Consequentialism: Wherein Morality Meets Rationality Douglas Portmore, Commonsense Consequentialism: Wherein Morality Meets Rationality (Pp. 179-183). [REVIEW]Henry S. Richardson, Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek, Peter Singer, Karen Jones, Sergio Tenenbaum, Diana Raffman, Simon Căbulea May, Stephen C. Makin & Nancy E. Snow - 2012 - Ethics 123 (1).
     
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  5. Secrecy in Consequentialism: A Defence of Esoteric Morality.Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek & Peter Singer - 2010 - Ratio 23 (1):34-58.
    Sidgwick's defence of esoteric morality has been heavily criticized, for example in Bernard Williams's condemnation of it as 'Government House utilitarianism.' It is also at odds with the idea of morality defended by Kant, Rawls, Bernard Gert, Brad Hooker, and T.M. Scanlon. Yet it does seem to be an implication of consequentialism that it is sometimes right to do in secret what it would not be right to do openly, or to advocate publicly. We defend Sidgwick on this issue, and (...)
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  6. Konsekwencjalizm i tajemnica: obrona ezoterycznej moralności.Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek & Peter Singer - 2013 - Analiza I Egzystencja 22:5-32.
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  7.  4
    Review of Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer's The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics. [REVIEW]Jussi Suikkanen - 2014 - The Philosophers' Magazine 67:114-118.
    This is a short review of Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer's book The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics.
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    The Most Good You Can Do: A Response to the Commentaries.Peter Singer - 2016 - Journal of Global Ethics 12 (2):161-169.
    ABSTRACTAnthony Skelton, Violetta Igneski and Tracy Isaacs share my view that our obligations to help people in extreme poverty go beyond what is conventionally accepted. Nevertheless, the other contributors argue that my view is too demanding, while noting some tensions between my different writings on this issue. I explain my position, drawing on Sidgwick’s distinction between what someone ought to do, and what we should praise or blame someone for doing or not doing. I also respond to the position that (...)
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  9.  64
    Publicity in Morality: A Reply to Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer.Brad Hooker - 2010 - Ratio 23 (1):111-117.
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  10.  22
    The Point of View of the Universe, by Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer[REVIEW]David Phillips - 2016 - Mind 125 (497):244-248.
  11.  31
    Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer, The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics , Pp. Xvi + 403.Ole Martin Moen - 2015 - Utilitas 27 (1):115-117.
  12.  9
    The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014; 352 Pp.; $63.00. [REVIEW]Eric Mathison - 2016 - Dialogue 55 (3).
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    Publicity in Morality: A Reply to Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer.Hooker Bradford - unknown
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    Publicity in Morality: A Reply to Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer.Bradford Hooker - unknown
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  15. Publicity in Morality: A Reply to Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer.Bradford Hooker - unknown
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  16. Publicity in Morality: A Reply to Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer.Bradford Hooker - unknown
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  17. Publicity in Morality: A Reply to Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer.Bradford Hooker - unknown
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  18.  78
    Interview - Peter Singer.Peter Singer - 2008 - The Philosophers' Magazine 40 (40):59-60.
    Peter Singer is probably the best-known and most controversial ethicist in the world today. He rigorously applies utilitarian moral theory to issues such as world poverty, the environment, abortion, euthanasia and, most famously, animal welfare. He has also written a book about his grandfather, David Oppenheim, who died in Theresienstadt concentration camp. He is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University.
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    Interview - Peter Singer.Peter Singer - 2008 - The Philosophers' Magazine 40:59-60.
    Peter Singer is probably the best-known and most controversial ethicist in the world today. He rigorously applies utilitarian moral theory to issues such as world poverty, the environment, abortion, euthanasia and, most famously, animal welfare. He has also written a book about his grandfather, David Oppenheim, who died in Theresienstadt concentration camp. He is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University.
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  20.  41
    A German Attack on Applied Ethics [1]: A Statement by Peter Singer.Peter Singer - 1992 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 9 (1):85-91.
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  21. Ethics and the New Animal Liberation Movement by in Peter Singer (Ed), in Defense of Animals New York: Basil Blackwell, 1985, Pp. 1-10. [REVIEW]Peter Singer - manuscript
    Acrobat version This book In Defense of Animals ] provides a platform for the new animal liberation movement. A diverse group of people share this platform: university philosophers, a zoologist, a lawyer, militant activists who are ready to break the law to further their cause, and respected political lobbyists who are entirely at home in parliamentary offices. Their common ground is that they are all, in their very different ways, taking part in the struggle for animal liberation. This struggle is (...)
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  22.  31
    Questions for Peter Singer.Peter Singer - unknown
    You don't say much about who you are teaching, or what subject you teach, but you do seem to see a need to justify what you are doing. Perhaps you're teaching underprivileged children, opening their minds to possibilities that might otherwise never have occurred to them. Or maybe you're teaching the children of affluent families and opening their eyes to the big moral issues they will face in life — like global poverty, and climate change. If you're doing something like (...)
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  23.  24
    19 Speciesism and Moral Status Peter Singer.Peter Singer - 2010 - In Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 331.
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  24. Questions for Peter Singer The New York Times Magazine , December 24, 2006.Peter Singer - unknown
    You don't say much about who you are teaching, or what subject you teach, but you do seem to see a need to justify what you are doing. Perhaps you're teaching underprivileged children, opening their minds to possibilities that might otherwise never have occurred to them. Or maybe you're teaching the children of affluent families and opening their eyes to the big moral issues they will face in life — like global poverty, and climate change. If you're doing something like (...)
     
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  25.  1
    R. M. Hare's Achievements in Moral Philosophy: Peter Singer.Peter Singer - 2002 - Utilitas 14 (3):309-317.
    In his Axel Hägerström Lectures, given in Sweden in 1991, Dick Hare referred to Hägerström as a pioneer in ethics who had made the most important breakthrough that there had been in ethics during the twentieth century. Although Hägerström's development of a nondescriptivist approach to ethics certainly was pioneering philosophical work, when the history of twentieth century ethics comes to be written, I believe that it is Hare's own work that will be seen as having made the most important contribution.
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  26. Peter Singer a Dangerous Mind.Peter Singer & Serendipity Productions - 2003 - Serendipity Productions, Film Finance Corporation Australia.
     
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  27. Peter Singer Talks to Mark Lawson.Peter Singer & Mark Lawson - 2004 - Newsnight for Bbc.
     
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  28.  42
    Evolutionary Debunking Arguments and Our Shared Hatred of Pain.Ben Bramble - 2017 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 12 (1).
  29. The Pursuit of Happiness, Interviewed by Ronald Bailey.Peter Singer - manuscript
    The New Yorker calls him "the most influential living philosopher." His critics call him "the most dangerous man in the world." Peter Singer, the De Camp Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University's Center for Human Values, is most widely and controversially known for his view that animals have the same moral status as humans. He is the author of many books, including Practical Ethics (1979), Rethinking Life and Death (1995), and Animal Liberation (1975), which has sold more than (...)
     
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  30.  4
    De compras por el supermercado genético.Peter Singer - 2002 - Isegoría 27:19-40.
    ¿Estamos eliminando una cultura, la de los sordos, cuando tratamos de evitar que nazcan niños sordos? El aborto terapéutico, ¿significa que, por ejemplo, creemos que las vidas de los afectados por síndrome de Down son vidas de menor valor que las vidas “normales”? Si se permitiera la manipulación genética de los embriones ¿sería poco ético encargar hijos guapos y altos? Este artículo no aporta respuestas a estas preguntas, pero sí que plantea los términos para dar cuenta de ellas y eleva (...)
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  31.  87
    Evolution and Impartiality.Guy Kahane - 2014 - Ethics 124 (2):327-341.
    Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer argue that evolutionary considerations can resolve Sidgwick’s dualism of practical reason because such considerations debunk moral views that give weight to self-interested or partial considerations but cannot threaten the principle of universal benevolence. I argue that even if we grant these claims, this appeal to evolution is ultimately self-defeating. De Lazari-Radek and Singer face a dilemma. Either their evolutionary argument against partial morality succeeds, but then we need to (...)
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  32. The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics.Lazari-Radek Katarzyna de & Singer Peter - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    What does the idea of taking 'the point of view of the universe' tell us about ethics? Lazari-Radek and Singer defend objectivism in ethics, and hedonistic utilitarianism, following Henry Sidgwick's lead. They explore how to justify an ethical theory; conflicts of self-interest and universal benevolence; and whether we should discount the future.
     
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  33.  13
    Ética más allá de los límites de la especie.Peter Singer - 1999 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 18 (3):5-16.
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  34.  7
    El "Proyecto Gran Simio" y el concepto de persona.Peter Singer & Paula Casal - 2000 - Laguna 7:333-347.
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  35.  3
    Uma só nação de justiça e oportunidades.Peter Singer - 2006 - Critica.
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  36.  1
    Como havemos de viver?Peter Singer - 2006 - Critica.
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  37. ¿la Ética Más Allá De La Especie? En Defensa Del >: Grandes simios, personas y animales. Respuesta a los críticos.Paula Casal & Peter Singer - 2001 - Laguna 8.
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  38. La tecnología de la fecundación in vitro y el argumento del potencial.Peter Singer & Karen Dawson - 1997 - Análisis Filosófico 17 (2):171-188.
    The authors focus on IVF technology to raise profound and disturbing questions about potentiality in the context of ex utero embryo. They explore different meanings of such notion. They suggest that the notion of potential is relatively clear in the context of naturally occuring process of pregnancy. But a laboratory embryo follows no “natural course”. It cannot become a person without the deliberate human act to transferring it to a uterus. They also connect the notion of potential with that of (...)
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  39.  78
    In Defense of Animals.Peter Singer (ed.) - 2013 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Bringing together new essays by philosophers and activists, _In Defense of Animals: The Second Wave_ highlights the new challenges facing the animal rights movement. Exciting new collection edited by controversial philosopher Peter Singer, who made animal rights into an international concern when he first published _In Defence of Animals_ and _Animal Liberation_ over thirty years ago Essays explore new ways of measuring animal suffering, reassess the question of personhood, and draw highlight tales of effective advocacy Lays out “Ten (...)
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  40.  33
    Wrongness, Evolutionary Debunking, Public Rules.Brad Hooker - unknown
    Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer’s wonderful book, The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics, contains a wealth of intriguing arguments and compelling ideas. The present paper focuses on areas of continuing dispute. The paper first attacks LazariRadek’s and Singer’s evolutionary debunking arguments against both egoism and parts of common-sense morality. The paper then addresses their discussion of the role of rules in utilitarianism. De Lazari-Radek and Singer concede that (...)
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    Nietzsche and the Hope of Normative Convergence.Andrew Huddleston - unknown
    Book synopsis: The first full and sustained discussion of Parfit's views on objectivity in ethics Leading philosophers respond to Parfit's criticisms and advance our understanding of the arguments An essential companion volume to Parfit's On What Matters, Volume Three In the first two volumes of On What Matters Derek Parfit argues that there are objective moral truths, and other normative truths about what we have reasons to believe, and to want, and to do. He thus challenges a view of the (...)
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  42.  6
    La réponse naturelle : une solution inadéquate au dilemme darwinien.Félix Aubé Beaudoin - 2015 - Philosophiques 42 (1):131-151.
    Félix Aubé Beaudoin | : Le dilemme darwinien, formulé par Sharon Street, somme les réalistes moraux d’expliquer pourquoi de nombreux jugements qui sont des candidats au statut de vérités morales indépendantes sont aussi ceux qui ont une grande valeur sélective. Les réalistes peuvent soit nier, soit affirmer l’existence d’un lien entre pressions évolutionnistes et vérités morales. Selon Street, la première option mène au scepticisme tandis que la seconde est indéfendable sur le plan scientifique. Peter Singer et Katarzyna (...)
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  43. Publicity in Morality.Brad Hooker - unknown
    Consider the idea that moral rules must be suitable for public acknowledgement and acceptance, i.e., that moral rules must be suitable for being ‘widely known and explicitly recognized’, suitable for teaching as part of moral education, suitable for guiding behaviour and reactions to behaviour, and thus suitable for justifying one’s behaviour to others. This idea is now most often associated with John Rawls, who traces it back through Kurt Baier to Kant.[1] My book developing ruleconsequentialism, Ideal Code, Real World, accepted (...)
     
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  44. Practical Ethics.Peter Singer - 1979 - Cambridge University Press.
    Peter Singer's remarkably clear and comprehensive Practical Ethics has become a classic introduction to applied ethics since its publication in 1979 and has been translated into many languages. For this second edition the author has revised all the existing chapters, added two new ones, and updated the bibliography. He has also added an appendix describing some of the deep misunderstanding of and consequent violent reaction to the book in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland where the book has tested the (...)
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  45.  60
    One World: The Ethics of Globalization.Peter Singer - 2002 - Yale University Press.
    In a new preface, Peter Singer discusses the prospects for the ethical approach he advocates."--BOOK JACKET.
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  46.  36
    Ng and Singer on Utilitarianism: A Reply.Yew-Kwang Ng & Peter Singer - 1983 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 13 (2):241 - 242.
    Ng and singer derive the principle of utility from the fact of finite sensibility and another principle, weak majority preference: "for a community of n individuals choosing between two possibilities, x and y, if no individual prefers y to x, and at least n/2 individuals prefer x to y, then x increases social welfare and is preferable." this derivation is regarded as incorrect in a comment. this reply explains why the derivation is valid and shows that the comment is (...)
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  47.  21
    The'Singer-Affair'and Practical Ethics: A Response.Peter Singer - 1990 - Analyse & Kritik 12 (2):245-264.
    This response to the articles in this issue of ,ANALYSE & KRITIK, begins with some general remarks on the ,Singer-Affair, in which I suggest that while the rational discussion of the ethical issue of euthanasia poses no threat of a return to Nazism, there is a real danger in the creation of a climate in which people are ready to use force to suppress ideas with which they disagree. I then state and criticise two popular theses about the wrongness (...)
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    At Play in the Fields of Consciousness: Essays in Honor of Jerome L. Singer.Jerome L. Singer, Jefferson A. Singer & Peter Salovey (eds.) - 1999 - Lawerence Erlbaum.
    This collection of articles pays homage to the creativity and scientific rigor Jerome Singer has brought to the study of consciousness and play. It will interest personality, social, clinical and developmental psychologists alike.
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  49.  45
    The Life You Can Save: Acting Now to Stop World Poverty.Peter Singer - 2009 - Random House.
    Acting Now to End World Poverty Peter Singer. were our own, and we cannot deny that the suffering and death are bad. The second premise is also very difficult to reject, because it leaves us some wiggle room when it comes to situations in.
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  50.  86
    The Singer Solution to World Poverty.Peter Singer - unknown
    In the Brazilian film "Central Station," Dora is a retired schoolteacher who makes ends meet by sitting at the station writing letters for illiterate people. Suddenly she has an opportunity to pocket $1,000. All she has to do is persuade a homeless 9-year-old boy to follow her to an address she has been given. (She is told he will be adopted by wealthy foreigners.) She delivers the boy, gets the money, spends some of it on a television set and settles (...)
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