57 found
Order:
  1.  12
    Unruly Complexity: Ecology, Interpretation, Engagement.Peter J. Taylor - 2005 - University of Chicago Press.
    Ambitiously identifying fresh issues in the study of complex systems, Peter J. Taylor, in a model of interdisciplinary exploration, makes these concerns accessible to scholars in the fields of ecology, environmental science, and science studies. Unruly Complexity explores concepts used to deal with complexity in three realms: ecology and socio-environmental change; the collective constitution of knowledge; and the interpretations of science as they influence subsequent research. For each realm Taylor shows that unruly complexity-situations that lack definite boundaries, where what goes (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  2.  58
    Rehabilitating a Biological Notion of Race? A Response to Sesardic.Peter Taylor - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (3):469-473.
    The point Sesardic (Biol Philos 25: 143–162, 2010) makes about the possibility of distinguishing groups for which there is a lot of within-group variation is not sufficient to rehabilitate a biological concept of race. In this note, I sketch a number of issues that quickly arise once we delve more deeply into the relevant scientific knowledge, concepts, methods, and questions for inquiry.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  3.  43
    Heritability and Heterogeneity: The Limited Relevance of Heritability in Investigating Genetic and Environmental Factors.Peter Taylor - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (2):150-164.
    Many psychometricians and behavioral geneticists believe that high heritability of IQ test scores within racial groups coupled with environmental hypotheses failing to account for the differences between the mean scores for groups lends plausibility to explanations of mean differences in terms of genetic factors. I show that heritability estimates and the statistical analysis of variance on which they are based have limited relevance in exposing genetic and environmental factors operating within any single group or population. I begin with agricultural investigations, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  4.  65
    Pictorial Representation in Biology.Peter J. Taylor & Ann S. Blum - 1991 - Biology and Philosophy 6 (2):125-134.
  5.  44
    Heritability and Heterogeneity: The Irrelevance of Heritability in Explaining Differences Between Means for Different Human Groups or Generations.Peter Taylor - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (4):392-401.
    Many psychometricians and behavioral geneticists believe that high heritability of IQ test scores within racial groups coupled with environmental hypotheses failing to account for the differences between the mean scores for groups lends plausibility to explanations of mean differences in terms of genetic factors. This two-component argument cannot be sustained when viewed in the light of the conceptual and methodological themes introduced in Taylor . These themes concern the difficulties of moving from the statistical analysis of variance of observed traits (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  6. Building on Construction: An Exploration of Heterogeneous Constructionism, Using an Analogy From Psychology and a Sketch From Socio-Economic Modeling.Peter J. Taylor - 1995 - Perspectives on Science 3 (1):66-98.
  7. Ecosystem as Circuits: Diagrams and the Limits of Physical Analogies. [REVIEW]Peter J. Taylor & Ann S. Blum - 1991 - Biology and Philosophy 6 (2):275-294.
    Diagrams refer to the phenomena overtly represented, to analogous phenomena, and to previous pictures and their graphic conventions. The diagrams of ecologists Clarke, Hutchinson, and H.T. Odum reveal their search for physical analogies, building on the success of World War II science and the promise of cybernetics. H.T. Odum's energy circuit diagrams reveal also his aspirations for a universal and natural means of reducing complexity to guide the management of diverse ecological and social systems. Graphic conventions concerning framing and translation (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  8.  14
    Distinctions That Make a Difference?Peter J. Taylor - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 51:70-76.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  9.  29
    Technocratic Optimism, H. T. Odum, and the Partial Transformation of Ecological Metaphor After World War II.Peter J. Taylor - 1988 - Journal of the History of Biology 21 (2):213-244.
  10.  25
    A Gene-Free Formulation of Classical Quantitative Genetics Used to Examine Results and Interpretations Under Three Standard Assumptions.Peter J. Taylor - 2012 - Acta Biotheoretica 60 (4):357-378.
    Quantitative genetics (QG) analyses variation in traits of humans, other animals, or plants in ways that take account of the genealogical relatedness of the individuals whose traits are observed. “Classical” QG, where the analysis of variation does not involve data on measurable genetic or environmental entities or factors, is reformulated in this article using models that are free of hypothetical, idealized versions of such factors, while still allowing for defined degrees of relatedness among kinds of individuals or “varieties.” The gene (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  11.  46
    Socio-Ecological Webs and Sites of Sociality:Levins' Strategy of Model Building Revisited. [REVIEW]Peter Taylor - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (2):197-210.
    This essay extends Levins'' 1966 analysis of modelbuilding in ecology and evolutionary biology. Amodel, as the product of modeling, might bevalued according to its correspondence to reality. Yet Levins'' emphasis on provisionality and changeredirects attention to the processes ofmodeling, through which scientists select and generatetheir problems, define their categories, collect theirdata, compare competing models, and present theirfindings. I identify several points where decisionsare required that are not determined by nature. Thisinvites examination of the social considerationsmodelers are reacting to at the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  12.  47
    The Philosophical Dullness of Classical Ecology, and a Levinsian Alternative.Yrjö Haila & Peter Taylor - 2001 - Biology and Philosophy 16 (1):93-102.
    Ecology has had a lower profile in Biology & Philosophy than one might expect on the basis of the attention ecology is given in public discussions in relation to environmental issues. Our tentative explanation is that ecology appears theoretically redundant within biology and, consequently, philosophically challenging problemsrelated to biology are commonly supposed to be somewhere else, particularly in the molecular sphere. Richard Levins has recognized the genuine challenges posed by ecology for theoretical and philosophical thinking in biology. This essay sets (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  13.  9
    The Under-Recognized Implications of Heterogeneity: Opportunities for Fresh Views on Scientific, Philosophical, and Social Debates About Heritability.Peter J. Taylor - 2008 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 30 (3-4):431 - 456.
    Despite a long history of debates about the heritability of human traits by researchers and other critical commentators, the possible heterogeneity of genetic and environmental factors that underlie patterns in observed traits has not been recognized as a significant conceptual and methodological issue. This article is structured to stimulate a wide range of readers to pursue diverse implications of underlying heterogeneity and of its absence from previous debates. Section 1, a condensed critique of previous conceptualizations and interpretations of heritability studies, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  14.  22
    A Geohistorical Study of 'The Rise of Modern Science': Mapping Scientific Practice Through Urban Networks, 1500–1900. [REVIEW]Peter J. Taylor, Michael Hoyler & David M. Evans - 2008 - Minerva 46 (4):391-410.
    Using data on the ‘career’ paths of one thousand ‘leading scientists’ from 1450 to 1900, what is conventionally called the ‘rise of modern science’ is mapped as a changing geography of scientific practice in urban networks. Four distinctive networks of scientific practice are identified. A primate network centred on Padua and central and northern Italy in the sixteenth century expands across the Alps to become a polycentric network in the seventeenth century, which in turn dissipates into a weak polycentric network (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  15.  5
    The Role of Development Research Funders in Promoting Equity in Research Consortia.Sunisha Neupane, Renaud F. Boulanger & Peter Taylor - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):62-64.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  25
    The Unreliability of High Human Heritability Estimates and Small Shared Effects of Growing Up in the Same Family.Peter J. Taylor - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (4):387-397.
    Estimates of a trait’s heritability can be used to predict the advance through selective breeding in agriculture and the laboratory where researchers can replicate varieties and locations. These conditions do not apply to human populations, yet considerable attention is still given to high heritability and to small effects of family members growing up together relative to differences within families. This article shows that the conventional partitioning of a trait’s variation produces components that cannot be associated reliably with average differences among (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  17.  60
    Three Puzzles and Eight Gaps: What Heritability Studies and Critical Commentaries Have Not Paid Enough Attention To.Peter Taylor - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (1):1-31.
    This article examines eight “gaps” in order to clarify why the quantitative genetics methods of partitioning variation of a trait into heritability and other components has very limited power to show anything clear and useful about genetic and environmental influences, especially for human behaviors and other traits. The first two gaps should be kept open; the others should be bridged or the difficulty of doing so should be acknowledged: 1. Key terms have multiple meanings that are distinct; 2. Statistical patterns (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18.  21
    “Appearances Notwithstanding, We Are All Doing Something Like Political Ecology”.Peter J. Taylor - 1997 - Social Epistemology 11 (1):111 – 127.
  19.  18
    Nothing Reliable About Genes or Environment: New Perspectives on Analysis of Similarity Among Relatives in Light of the Possibility of Underlying Heterogeneity.Peter J. Taylor - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (3):210-220.
    Despite the long history of scientific, philosophical, and political debate around heritability studies, certain fundamental conceptual issues have not been recognized or well appreciated. The starting point is that heritability does not measure the degree of influence that genes have on a trait or provide a reliable basis for choosing which traits to investigate further with molecular genetic research. The short argument on this point revolves around two issues: the disconnect between analyzing measurements of a trait and exposing the measurable (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  20.  5
    The Social Analysis of Ecological Change: From Systems to Intersecting Processes.Peter Taylor & Raúl García-Barrios - 1995 - Social Science Information 34 (1):5-30.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  21.  55
    Situatedness and Problematic Boundaries: Conceptualizing Life's Complex Ecological Context. [REVIEW]Peter Taylor & Yrjö Haila - 2001 - Biology and Philosophy 16 (4):521-532.
    A key challenge in conceptualizing ecological complexity is to allow simultaneously for particularity, contingency, and structure, and for such structure to be internally differentiated,dynamically tied to its context, and subject torestructuring. Because all organisms live insuch dynamic ecological circumstances, philosophy of ecology could become the leading site for addressing difficult conceptual questions concerning the situatedness or positionality of organisms –humans included – in their changing and intersecting worlds.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  3
    Nothing Reliable About Genes or Environment: New Perspectives on Analysis of Similarity Among Relatives in Light of the Possibility of Underlying Heterogeneity.Peter J. Taylor - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (3):210-220.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23.  11
    Mapping Ecologists' Ecologies of Knowledge.Peter J. Taylor - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:95 - 109.
    Ecologists grapple with complex, changing situations. Historians, sociologists and philosophers studying the construction of science likewise attempt to account for (or discount) a wide variety of influences making up the scientists' "ecologies of knowledge." This paper introduces a graphic methodology, mapping, designed to assist researchers at both levels-in science and in science studies-to work with the complexity of their material. By analyzing the implications and limitations of mapping, I aim to contribute to an ecological approach to the philosophy of science.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24.  16
    Deconstructing Homegardens: Food Security and Sovereignty in Northern Nicaragua.Karie Boone & Peter Leigh Taylor - 2016 - Agriculture and Human Values 33 (2):239-255.
    Development scholars and practitioners are promoting food security, food sovereignty, and the localization of food systems to prepare for the projected negative impacts of climate change. The implementation of biodiverse homegardens is often seen as a way not only to localize food production but also as a strategy in alignment with a food sovereignty agenda. While much scholarship has characterized and critiqued food security and sovereignty conceptualizations, relatively little research has examined people’s lived experiences in order to test how such (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. The Inclusion Of Bioethics Education In Biotechnology Courses.Vaille Dawson & Peter Taylor - 1997 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 7 (6):171-175.
    This paper provides a rationale for the inclusion of biotechnology courses in the secondary science curriculum. In years to come our students will need to make important political, moral and social decisions about their future and the future of others. If our students are to become informed decision makers they need to understand the theory, practice and ethical ramifications of biotechnology. Important topics related to biotechnology include euthanasia, human organ and tissue transplantation, reproductive technology, cloning, and the production and use (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26. Defrosting and Re-Frosting the Ideology of Pure Mathematics: An Infusion of Eastern-Western Perspectives on Conceptualising a Socially Just Mathematics Education.Bal Luitel & Peter Taylor - 2007 - Philosophy of Mathematics Education Journal 21.
  27. Fractals of ‘Old’ and ‘New’ Logics: A Post/Modern Proposal for Transformative Mathematics Pedagogy.Bal Luitel & Peter Taylor - 2013 - Philosophy of Mathematics Education Journal 27.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Pedagogy, Technology, and the Body.Erica McWilliam & Peter G. Taylor - 1996 - Peter Lang.
    This collection of essays is a genuinely interdisciplinary exploration of the changing relationship of pedagogy, technology, and human beings in contemporary educational and cultural settings. The authors draw upon the most recent theoretical developments in education, the arts, the human body, and technology to interrogate changing pedagogical practices both inside and beyond educational institutions. Their focus on new forms of cultural exchange constitutes a radical re-thinking of the nature of pedagogical events beyond the boundaries of the traditional educational disciplines.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  29.  1
    The Co-Occurrence of Self-Harm and Aggression: A Cognitive-Emotional Model of Dual-Harm.Matina Shafti, Peter James Taylor, Andrew Forrester & Daniel Pratt - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    There is growing evidence that some individuals engage in both self-harm and aggression during the course of their lifetime. The co-occurrence of self-harm and aggression is termed dual-harm. Individuals who engage in dual-harm may represent a high-risk group with unique characteristics and pattern of harmful behaviours. Nevertheless, there is an absence of clinical guidelines for the treatment and prevention of dual-harm and a lack of agreed theoretical framework that accounts for why people may engage in this behaviour. The present work (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  10
    A History Of The Ecosystem Concept In Ecology: More Than The Sum Of The Parts By Frank Benjamin Golley. [REVIEW]Peter Taylor - 1995 - Isis 86:523-524.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  8
    A History of the Ecosystem Concept in Ecology: More Than the Sum of the Parts. Frank Benjamin Golley.Peter J. Taylor - 1995 - Isis 86 (3):523-524.
  32.  75
    An Invitation to Explore Unexamined Shifts and Variety in the Meanings of Genotype and Phenotype, and Their Distinction.Peter J. Taylor - 2018 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 10 (6).
    Noting minimal philosophical attention to the shift of the meanings of “genotype” and “phenotype,” and their distinction, as well as to the variety of meanings that have co-existed over the last hundred years, this note invites readers to join in exploring the implications of shifts that have been left unexamined.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Book Reviews : Science and Technology in a Multicultural World: The Cultural Politics of Facts and Artifacts, by David Hess. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995, 311 Pp. $18.00 (Paper. [REVIEW]Peter Taylor - 1996 - Science, Technology and Human Values 21 (3):358-362.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  34.  30
    Critical Epidemiological Literacy: Understanding Ideas Better When Placed in Relation to Alternatives.Peter J. Taylor - 2018 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 10):2411-2438.
    This article describes contrasting ideas for a set of topics in epidemiological thinking. The premise underlying this contribution to the special edition is that researchers develop their epidemiological thinking over time through interactions with other researchers who have a variety of in-practice commitments, such as to kinds of cases and methods of analysis, and not simply to a philosophical framework for explanation. I encourage discussants from philosophy and epidemiology to draw purposefully from across a range of topics and contrasting positions, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Changing Life: Genomes, Ecologies, Bodies, Commodities.Peter J. Taylor & Paul N. Edwards - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (3):559-561.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  36.  3
    Conference Review.Peter G. Taylor - 1997 - Nursing Inquiry 4 (3):209-210.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Dialectical Biology as Political Practice.Peter Taylor - 1986 - In Les Levidow (ed.), Science as Politics. Free Association Books.
  38. Edited Volumes-Changing Life. Genomes, Ecologies, Bodies, Commodities.Peter J. Taylor, Saul E. Halfon & Paul N. Edwards - 1998 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 20 (3):382.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. Geography and the Global Perspective.Peter J. Taylor - 1989 - In Derek Gregory & Rex Walford (eds.), Horizons in Human Geography. Barnes & Noble. pp. 303.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  14
    Geohistory of Globalizations.Peter J. Taylor - 2016 - ProtoSociology 33:131-148.
    The social time and space constructs of Manual Castells, Fernand Brau­del Immanuel Wallerstein and Jane Jacobs are brought together to provide a set of conceptual tools for understanding con­temporary globalization. Three successive globalizations are identified and named for their constellations of power: imperial globalization, American globalization, and corporate glo­balization. These are treated as unique historical products of modern, rampant urbaniza­tions; each globalization is described as an era of great cities with distinctive worldwide networks. Focusing on urban demand, it is suggested (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. La selección natural: un lastre sobre el pensamiento biológico y social: un lastre sobre el pensamiento biológico y social.Peter Taylor - 1999 - Ludus Vitalis 7 (12):27-58.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  2
    Material Spatialities of Cities and States.Peter J. Taylor - 2004 - ProtoSociology 20:30-45.
    The concept of spatiality is introduced as an analytical tool for studying the modern world-system. The spatialities of cities and states are contrasted as spaces of flows and spaces of places respectively. It is argued that the latter is embedded in the social sciences as an unexamined spatiality. Dis-embedding is achieved through constructing a revisionist world-systems analysis that focuses on cities. This world-systems analysis is then used to describe two world-spatialities, for the current situation and for a generation hence. The (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  31
    Neoliberal Reform and Sustainable Forest Management in Quintana Roo, Mexico: Rethinking the Institutional Framework of the Forestry Pilot Plan. [REVIEW]Peter Leigh Taylor & Carol Zabin - 2000 - Agriculture and Human Values 17 (2):141-156.
    The Forestry Pilot Plan set intomotion collectively-owned and managed forestry in overforty communities in Quintana Roo, Mexico and hasshown the promise of a forestry development model thatpromotes conservation by giving local people a genuinestake in sustainable resource management. Today, thelegacy of the PPF is under great pressure. Externally,neoliberal policy reform restructures agrarianproduction in ways that favor individual overcollective management of natural resources.Internally, organizational problems createinefficiencies within both forestry ejidos(cooperative agrarian communities) and theirintermediate level forestry civil societies. Peasants'capacity to defend their (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  14
    Online Appendix 3:" The Analysis of Variance and the Analysis of Causes" Revisited.Peter Taylor - 2006 - Biological Theory 2:150-164.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  10
    Online Appendix 1: Analyses of Data Sets to Illustrate the Paper's Conceptual Steps and Themes.Peter Taylor - 2006 - Biological Theory 2:150-164.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  18
    Pioneer Ecologist: The Life and Work of Victor Ernest Shelford, 1877-1968 by Robert A. Croker; Foundations of Ecology: Classic Papers with Commentaries by Leslie A. Real; James H. Brown. [REVIEW]Peter Taylor - 1993 - Isis 84:177-179.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  34
    Perspectives From Plant Breeding on Tal’s Argument About the Weight of Genetic Versus Environmental Causes for Individuals.Peter Taylor - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (5):735-738.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. Review Essay : Feminist Tales The Total Devotion Machine and Other Stories. By Rosaleen Love. London: Woman's Press, 1989. Pp. 167; £4.50 (Paper). The Recurring Silent Spring. By H. Patricia Hynes. New York: Pergamon, 1989. Pp. Ii + 225; $27.50 (Cloth); $12.95 (Paper). [REVIEW]Peter J. Taylor - 1991 - Science, Technology and Human Values 16 (4):540-543.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  13
    Review of Robert Figueroa, Sandra Harding (Eds.), Science and Other Cultures: Issues in Philosophy of Science and Technology[REVIEW]Peter J. Taylor - 2003 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (10).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  5
    Reconstructing Unruly Ecological Complexity: Science, Interpretation, And.Peter Taylor - 2007 - In Boaventura de Sousa Santos (ed.), Cognitive Justice in a Global World: Prudent Knowledges for a Decent Life. Lexington Books. pp. 295.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 57