Results for 'Philip Beaman'

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  1. Stakes, Scales, and Skepticism.Kathryn Francis, Philip Beaman & Nat Hansen - 2019 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 6:427--487.
    There is conflicting experimental evidence about whether the “stakes” or importance of being wrong affect judgments about whether a subject knows a proposition. To date, judgments about stakes effects on knowledge have been investigated using binary paradigms: responses to “low” stakes cases are compared with responses to “high stakes” cases. However, stakes or importance are not binary properties—they are scalar: whether a situation is “high” or “low” stakes is a matter of degree. So far, no experimental work has investigated the (...)
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  2.  33
    From Base-Rate to Cumulative Respect.C. Philip Beaman & Rachel McCloy - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):256-257.
    The tendency to neglect base-rates in judgment under uncertainty may be as Barbey & Sloman (B&S) suggest, but it is neither inevitable (as they document; see also Koehler 1996) nor unique. Here we would like to point out another line of evidence connecting ecological rationality to dual processes, the failure of individuals to appropriately judge cumulative probability.
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  3.  7
    Learning Through Clamor: The Allocation and Perception of Study Time in Noise.Maciej Hanczakowski, C. Philip Beaman & Dylan M. Jones - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (7):1005-1022.
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  4.  19
    The Item Versus the Object in Memory: On the Implausibility of Overwriting As a Mechanism for Forgetting in Short-Term Memory.C. Philip Beaman & Dylan M. Jones - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  5.  20
    Why Are We Good at Detecting Cheaters? A Reply to Fodor.C. Philip Beaman - 2002 - Cognition 83 (2):215-220.
  6.  46
    Neurons Amongst the Symbols?C. Philip Beaman - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):468-470.
    Page's target article presents an argument for the use of localist, connectionist models in future psychological theorising. The “manifesto” marshalls a set of arguments in favour of localist connectionism and against distributed connectionism, but in doing so misses a larger argument concerning the level of psychological explanation that is appropriate to a given domain.
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  7.  19
    The Size and Nature of a Chunk.C. Philip Beaman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):118-118.
    The data presented in the target article make a persuasive case for the notion that there is a fundamental limit on short term memory (STM) of about four items. Two possible means of further testing this claim are suggested and data regarding scene coherence and memory capacity for ordered information are reviewed.
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  8.  10
    The Separate but Related Origins of the Recency Effect and the Modality Effect in Free Recall.C. Philip Beaman & John Morton - 2000 - Cognition 77 (3):B59-B65.
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  9.  18
    The Relative Success of Recognition-Based Inference in Multichoice Decisions.Rachel McCloy, C. Philip Beaman & Philip T. Smith - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (6):1037-1048.
  10.  58
    The Economic Consequences of Philip Kitcher.Philip Mirowski - 1996 - Social Epistemology 10 (2):153 – 169.
  11. Philip Kitcher.Philip Kitcher - unknown
    Philosophy is often conceived in the Anglophone world today as a subject that focuses on questions in particular ‘‘core areas,’’ pre-eminently epistemology and metaphysics. This article argues that the contemporary conception is a new version of the scholastic ‘‘self-indulgence for the few’’ of which Dewey complained nearly a century ago. Philosophical questions evolve, and a first task for philosophers is to address issues that arise for their own times. The article suggests that a renewal of philosophy today should turn the (...)
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  12.  7
    The Ethical Project.Philip Kitcher - 2011 - Harvard University Press.
    Instead of conceiving ethical commands as divine revelations or as the discoveries of brilliant thinkers, we should see our ethical practices as evolving over tens of thousands of years, as members of our species have worked out how to live together and prosper. Here, Kitcher elaborates his radical vision of this millennia-long ethical project.
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  13.  62
    Regarding Philip Clayton.Philip Rolnick - 2002 - Tradition and Discovery 29 (3):5-6.
    This brief opening for a special issue of Tradition and Discovery: The Polanyi Society Periodical on Philip Clayton’s thought and its connection with that of Michael Polany introduces Clayton’s essay and the responses by Martinez Hewlett, Gregory R. Peterson, Andy F. Sanders and Waler B. Gulick.
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  14.  45
    Kitcher, Philip., The Ethical Project.Philip E. Devine - 2013 - Review of Metaphysics 66 (3):579-581.
  15. Cafaro, Philip. Review of Conscious Cinema's "Suits and Savages: Why the World Bank Won't Save the World".Philip Cafaro - 2001 - Organization and Environment 14 (4):2.
     
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  16.  53
    A Plea for Risk: Philip A. Ebert & Simon Robertson.Philip A. Ebert & Simon Robertson - 2013 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 73:45-64.
    Mountaineering is a dangerous activity. For many mountaineers, part of its very attraction is the risk, the thrill of danger. Yet mountaineers are often regarded as reckless or even irresponsible for risking their lives. In this paper, we offer a defence of risk-taking in mountaineering. Our discussion is organised around the fact that mountaineers and non-mountaineers often disagree about how risky mountaineering really is. We hope to cast some light on the nature of this disagreement – and to argue that (...)
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  17.  57
    The Moral Basis of Vegetarianism: Philip E. Devine.Philip E. Devine - 1978 - Philosophy 53 (206):481-505.
    If someone abstains from meat-eating for reasons of taste or personal economics, no moral or philosophical question arises. But when a vegetarian attempts to persuade others that they, too, should adopt his diet, then what he says requires philosophical attention. While a vegetarian might argue in any number of ways, this essay will be concerned only with the argument for a vegetarian diet resting on a moral objection to the rearing and killing of animals for the human table. The vegetarian, (...)
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  18.  13
    Philip Cafaro Writes.Philip Cafaro - 2008 - Ethics and International Affairs 22 (3):248-254.
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  19. Anticipatory Ethics for Emerging Technologies.Philip A. E. Brey - 2012 - NanoEthics 6 (1):1-13.
    Abstract In this essay, a new approach for the ethical study of emerging technology ethics will be presented, called anticipatory technology ethics (ATE). The ethics of emerging technology is the study of ethical issues at the R&D and introduction stage of technology development through anticipation of possible future devices, applications, and social consequences. I will argue that a major problem for its development is the problem of uncertainty, which can only be overcome through methodologically sound forecasting and futures studies. I (...)
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  20.  54
    Shall I Compare Thee to a Minkowski-Ricardo-Leontief-Metzler Matrix of the Mosak-Hicks Type?: Or, Rhetoric, Mathematics, and the Nature of Neoclassical Economic Theory: Philip Mirowski.Philip Mirowski - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (1):67-95.
    Is rhetoric just a new and trendy way to épater les bourgeois? Unfortunately, I think that the newfound interest of some economists in rhetoric, and particularly Donald McCloskey in his new book and subsequent responses to critics, gives that impression. After economists have worked so hard for the past five decades to learn their sums, differential calculus, real analysis, and topology, it is a fair bet that one could easily hector them about their woeful ignorance of the conjugation of Latin (...)
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  21. "Philip C. Ritterbush", Overtures to Biology. [REVIEW]Philip Merlan - 1965 - Dialogue 3 (4):438.
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  22. An Augmented Buck-Passing Account of Reasons and Value: Scanlon and Crisp on What Stops the Buck: Philip Cook.Philip Cook - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (4):490-507.
    Roger Crisp has inspired two important criticisms of Scanlon's buck-passing account of value. I defend buck-passing from the wrong kind of reasons criticism, and the reasons and the good objection. I support Rabinowicz and Rønnow-Rasmussen's dual role of reasons in refuting the wrong kind of reasons criticism, even where its authors claim it fails. Crisp's reasons and the good objection contends that the property of goodness is buck-passing in virtue of its formality. I argue that Crisp conflates general and formal (...)
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  23.  67
    Creation and Evolution: PHILIP E. DEVINE.Philip E. Devine - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (3):325-337.
    Despite the bad reputation of the legal profession, law remains king in America. A highly diverse society relies on the laws to maintain a working sense of the dignity and inviability of each individual. And a persistent element in contemporary debates is the fear that naturalistic theories of the human person will erode our belief that we have a dignity greater than that of other natural objects. Thus the endurance of the creation vs. evolution debate is due less to the (...)
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  24.  18
    Statistical Reporting with Philip's Sextuple and Extended Sextuple: A Simple Method for Easy Communication of Findings.Philip Tromovitch - 2012 - Journal of Research Practice 8 (1):Article - P2.
    The advance of science and human knowledge is impeded by misunderstandings of various statistics, insufficient reporting of findings, and the use of numerous standardized and non-standardized presentations of essentially identical information. Communication with journalists and the public is hindered by the failure to present statistics that are easy for non-scientists to interpret as well as by use of the word significant, which in scientific English does not carry the meaning of "important" or "large." This article promotes a new standard method (...)
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  25.  96
    Disruptive Innovation and Moral Uncertainty.Philip J. Nickel - 2020 - NanoEthics 14 (3):259-269.
    This paper develops a philosophical account of moral disruption. According to Robert Baker, moral disruption is a process in which technological innovations undermine established moral norms without clearly leading to a new set of norms. Here I analyze this process in terms of moral uncertainty, formulating a philosophical account with two variants. On the harm account, such uncertainty is always harmful because it blocks our knowledge of our own and others’ moral obligations. On the qualified harm account, there is no (...)
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  26. Commentary by Philip Hebert, M.D.Philip Hebert - 1998 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 8 (4):107-107.
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  27.  27
    Some Problems About Resurrection: PHILIP L. QUINN.Philip L. Quinn - 1978 - Religious Studies 14 (3):343-359.
    Suppose that a person P 1 dies some time during 1978. Many years later, the resurrection world, a perennial object of Christian concern, begins on the morning of the day of judgment. On its first morning there are in that world distinct persons, P 2 and P 3 , each of whom is related in remarkably intimate ways to P 1 . You are to imagine that each of them satisfies each of the criteria or conditions necessary for identity with (...)
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  28.  17
    Homicide Revisited: Philip E. Devine.Philip E. Devine - 1980 - Philosophy 55 (213):329-347.
    Jonathan Glover and I, while not in such deep disagreement about the ethics of killing as to make all communication impossible, still disagree enough to make sustained confrontation worthwhile. At minimum, such confrontation should make it clear what are the most fundamental issues at stake in ethical arguments about various kinds of killing.
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  29.  5
    Liberal Faith: Essays in Honor of Philip Quinn.Philip L. Quinn & Paul J. Weithman (eds.) - 2008 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    Philip Quinn, John A. O’Brien Professor at the University of Notre Dame from 1985 until his death in 2004, was well known for his work in the philosophy of religion, political philosophy, and core areas of analytic philosophy. Although the breadth of his interests was so great that it would be virtually impossible to identify any subset of them as representative, the contributors to this volume provide an excellent introduction to, and advance the discussion of, some of the questions (...)
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  30. Critical Notice: Philip Kitcher and Wesley C. Salmon,(Eds.), Scientific Explanation; and Wesley C. Salmon, Four Decades of Scientific Explanation* James H. Fetzert. [REVIEW]Philip Kitcher - 1991 - In Richard Boyd, Philip Gasper & J. D. Trout (eds.), The Philosophy of Science. MIT Press. pp. 58--288.
     
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  31.  2
    The Good Life in a Technological Age.Philip Brey, Adam Briggle & Edward Spence (eds.) - 2012 - Routledge.
    Modern technology has changed the way we live, work, play, communicate, fight, love, and die. Yet few works have systematically explored these changes in light of their implications for individual and social welfare. How can we conceptualize and evaluate the influence of technology on human well-being? Bringing together scholars from a cross-section of disciplines, this volume combines an empirical investigation of technology and its social, psychological, and political effects, and a philosophical analysis and evaluation of the implications of such effects.
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  32.  10
    Moral Uncertainty in Technomoral Change: Bridging the Explanatory Gap.Philip J. Nickel, Olya Kudina & Ibo van de Poel - 2022 - Perspectives on Science 30 (2):260-283.
    This paper explores the role of moral uncertainty in explaining the morally disruptive character of new technologies. We argue that existing accounts of technomoral change do not fully explain its disruptiveness. This explanatory gap can be bridged by examining the epistemic dimensions of technomoral change, focusing on moral uncertainty and inquiry. To develop this account, we examine three historical cases: the introduction of the early pregnancy test, the contraception pill, and brain death. The resulting account highlights what we call “differential (...)
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  33.  46
    Religious Obedience and Moral Autonomy: PHILIP L. QUINN.Philip L. Quinn - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (3):265-281.
    It has become fashionable to try to prove the impossibility of there being a God. Findlay's celebrated ontological disproof has in the past quarter century given rise to vigorous controversy. More recently James Rachels has offered a moral argument intended to show that there could not be a being worthy of worship. In this paper I shall examine the position Rachels is arguing for in some detail. I shall endeavor to show that his argument is unsound and, more interestingly, that (...)
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  34.  23
    Divine Conservation and Spinozistic Pantheism: PHILIP L. QUINN.Philip L. Quinn - 1979 - Religious Studies 15 (3):289-302.
    In a recent paper, Robert A. Oakes argues that a doctrine central to, and partially constitutive of, classical theism implies a certain sort of pantheism. The doctrine in question is a modal form of the claim that God conserves in existence the world of contingent things; alternatively, it is the view that all contingently existing things are necessarily continuously dependent upon God for their existence. And the variety of pantheism at stake is a modal form of the thesis that all (...)
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  35. The Evolution of Designs Biological Analogy in Architecture and the Applied Arts /Philip Steadman. --. --.Philip Steadman - 1979 - Cambridge University Press, 1979.
     
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  36.  7
    Does St Anselm Beg the Question?: Philip E. Devine.Philip E. Devine - 1975 - Philosophy 50 (193):271-281.
    The following objection to the ‘ontological’ argument of St Anselm has a continuing importance. The argument begs the question by introducing into the first premise the name ‘God’. In order for something to be truly talked about, to have properties truly attributed to it—it has been said—it must exist; a statement containing a vacuous name must either be false, meaningless, or lacking in truth-value, if it is not a misleading formulation to be explained by paraphrase into other terms. In any (...)
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  37. ťIntroductionŤ, U: Philip Pettit & John McDowell (Ur.).Philip Pettit - 1986 - In John McDowell & Philip Pettit (eds.), Subject, Thought, and Context. Clarendon Press.
     
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  38.  8
    A Letter of Philip Melanchthon to the Reader.Marian A. Moore & Philip Melanchthon - 1959 - Isis 50 (2):145-150.
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  39.  19
    Interview with Professor Philip Pettit.Philip Pettit & Sandrine Berges - unknown
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  40.  6
    The Religious Significance of the Ontological Argument: PHILIP E.DEVINE.Philip E. Devine - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (1):97-116.
    It seems clear that the ontological argument can no longer be dismissed as a silly fallacy. The dogma of the impossibility of necessary existence is seriously threatened by the case of necessary existential truths in mathematics, and as for the claim that the ontological argument must beg the question, since by mentioning God in the premise his existence is presupposed, it is undermined by the fact that we often refer to things—Hamlet for instance— we do not for a moment think (...)
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  41. Beyond Accommodation: Everyday Narratives of Muslim Canadians.Jennifer Selby, Amelie Barras & Lori G. Beaman - unknown
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  42. Philomathes; Studies and Essays in the Humanities in Memory of Philip Merlan.Philip Merlan, Robert B. Palmer & Robert Hamerton-Kelly (eds.) - 1971 - The Hague: M. Nijhoff.
     
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  43. Studies in Epicurus and Aristotle /by Philip Merlan.Philip Merlan - 1960 - O. Harrassowitz.
     
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  44.  2
    Schiller, Hegel, and Marx State, Society, and the Aesthetic Ideal of Ancient Greece /Philip J. Kain. --. --.Philip Kain & Philip J. Kain - 1982 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    A STUDY OF THE WAY IN WHICH SCHILLER, HEGEL, AND MARX USE A MODEL BASED ON ANCIENT GREEK CULTURE AND MODERN AESTHETIC THEORY AS AN IDEAL FOR REMAKING THE MODERN WORLD AND FOR OVERCOMING ALIENATION AND ESTRANGEMENT AT THE LEVELS OF LABOR AND THE STATE. A STUDY OF THESE MATTERS ALLOWS US TO LOCATE A SHIFT IN MARX'S THOUGHT AND TO GAIN A CLEARER PICTURE OF THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE EARLIER TO THE LATER MARX.
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  45. Dictionary of the History of Ideas Studies of Selected Pivotal Ideas. Philip P. Wiener, Editor in Chief.Philip P. Wiener - 1973
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  46. Afhankelijkheid Zonder Dominantie Over de Sociale En Politieke Filosofie van Philip Pettit.Philip Pettit & Xavier Vanmechelen - 2002
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  47.  12
    Über Bioethik, Gerechtigkeit und den Wert der Kunst: Philip Kitcher im Gespräch mit Markus Rüther.Philip Kitcher & Markus Rüther - 2015 - Ethik in der Medizin 27 (4):335-342.
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  48.  13
    One of the Mad Ones. Volume 4. 99 Minutes. New York: Traditional Healing Productions. 2011. (Philip Singer).Philip Kao - 2011 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 39 (4):1-2.
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  49.  8
    One of the Mad Ones. Volume 4. 99 Minutes. New York: Traditional Healing Productions. 2011. (Philip Singer).Philip Kao - 2011 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 39 (4):1-2.
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  50.  33
    Dynamic Topological Logic.Philip Kremer & Grigori Mints - 2005 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 131 (1-3):133-158.
    Dynamic topological logic provides a context for studying the confluence of the topological semantics for S4, topological dynamics, and temporal logic. The topological semantics for S4 is based on topological spaces rather than Kripke frames. In this semantics, □ is interpreted as topological interior. Thus S4 can be understood as the logic of topological spaces, and □ can be understood as a topological modality. Topological dynamics studies the asymptotic properties of continuous maps on topological spaces. Let a dynamic topological system (...)
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