Results for 'Philip Bielby'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  41
    The Conflation of Competence and Capacity in English Medical Law: A Philosophical Critique. [REVIEW]Philip Bielby - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (3):357-369.
    Ethical and legal discourse pertaining to the ability to consent to treatment and research in England operates within a dualist framework of “competence” and “capacity”. This is confusing, as while there exists in England two possible senses of legal capacity – “first person” legal capacity and “delegable” legal capacity, currently neither is formulated to bear a necessary relationship with decision-making competence. Notwithstanding this, judges and academic commentators frequently invoke competence to consent in discussions involving the validity of offering or withholding (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  2. Towards Supported Decision-Making in Biomedical Research with Cognitively Vulnerable Adults.Philip Bielby - 2009 - In Oonagh Corrigan, John McMillan, Kathleen Liddell, Martin Richards & Charles Weijer (eds.), The Limits of Consent: A Socio-Ethical Approach to Human Subject Research in Medicine. Oxford University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  3.  56
    The Economic Consequences of Philip Kitcher.Philip Mirowski - 1996 - Social Epistemology 10 (2):153 – 169.
  4. Philip Kitcher.Philip Kitcher - unknown
    Philosophy is often conceived in the Anglophone world today as a subject that focuses on questions in particular ‘‘core areas,’’ pre-eminently epistemology and metaphysics. This article argues that the contemporary conception is a new version of the scholastic ‘‘self-indulgence for the few’’ of which Dewey complained nearly a century ago. Philosophical questions evolve, and a first task for philosophers is to address issues that arise for their own times. The article suggests that a renewal of philosophy today should turn the (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  5.  51
    A Plea for Risk: Philip A. Ebert & Simon Robertson.Philip A. Ebert & Simon Robertson - 2013 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 73:45-64.
    Mountaineering is a dangerous activity. For many mountaineers, part of its very attraction is the risk, the thrill of danger. Yet mountaineers are often regarded as reckless or even irresponsible for risking their lives. In this paper, we offer a defence of risk-taking in mountaineering. Our discussion is organised around the fact that mountaineers and non-mountaineers often disagree about how risky mountaineering really is. We hope to cast some light on the nature of this disagreement – and to argue that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  6.  53
    The Moral Basis of Vegetarianism: Philip E. Devine.Philip E. Devine - 1978 - Philosophy 53 (206):481-505.
    If someone abstains from meat-eating for reasons of taste or personal economics, no moral or philosophical question arises. But when a vegetarian attempts to persuade others that they, too, should adopt his diet, then what he says requires philosophical attention. While a vegetarian might argue in any number of ways, this essay will be concerned only with the argument for a vegetarian diet resting on a moral objection to the rearing and killing of animals for the human table. The vegetarian, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  7.  53
    Shall I Compare Thee to a Minkowski-Ricardo-Leontief-Metzler Matrix of the Mosak-Hicks Type?: Or, Rhetoric, Mathematics, and the Nature of Neoclassical Economic Theory: Philip Mirowski.Philip Mirowski - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (1):67-95.
    Is rhetoric just a new and trendy way to épater les bourgeois? Unfortunately, I think that the newfound interest of some economists in rhetoric, and particularly Donald McCloskey in his new book and subsequent responses to critics, gives that impression. After economists have worked so hard for the past five decades to learn their sums, differential calculus, real analysis, and topology, it is a fair bet that one could easily hector them about their woeful ignorance of the conjugation of Latin (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  8. An Augmented Buck-Passing Account of Reasons and Value: Scanlon and Crisp on What Stops the Buck: Philip Cook.Philip Cook - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (4):490-507.
    Roger Crisp has inspired two important criticisms of Scanlon's buck-passing account of value. I defend buck-passing from the wrong kind of reasons criticism, and the reasons and the good objection. I support Rabinowicz and Rønnow-Rasmussen's dual role of reasons in refuting the wrong kind of reasons criticism, even where its authors claim it fails. Crisp's reasons and the good objection contends that the property of goodness is buck-passing in virtue of its formality. I argue that Crisp conflates general and formal (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  9.  17
    Homicide Revisited: Philip E. Devine.Philip E. Devine - 1980 - Philosophy 55 (213):329-347.
    Jonathan Glover and I, while not in such deep disagreement about the ethics of killing as to make all communication impossible, still disagree enough to make sustained confrontation worthwhile. At minimum, such confrontation should make it clear what are the most fundamental issues at stake in ethical arguments about various kinds of killing.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10. ťIntroductionŤ, U: Philip Pettit & John McDowell (Ur.).Philip Pettit - 1986 - In John McDowell & Philip Pettit (eds.), Subject, Thought, and Context. Clarendon Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  11.  6
    Does St Anselm Beg the Question?: Philip E. Devine.Philip E. Devine - 1975 - Philosophy 50 (193):271-281.
    The following objection to the ‘ontological’ argument of St Anselm has a continuing importance. The argument begs the question by introducing into the first premise the name ‘God’. In order for something to be truly talked about, to have properties truly attributed to it—it has been said—it must exist; a statement containing a vacuous name must either be false, meaningless, or lacking in truth-value, if it is not a misleading formulation to be explained by paraphrase into other terms. In any (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  12.  41
    Religious Obedience and Moral Autonomy: PHILIP L. QUINN.Philip L. Quinn - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (3):265-281.
    It has become fashionable to try to prove the impossibility of there being a God. Findlay's celebrated ontological disproof has in the past quarter century given rise to vigorous controversy. More recently James Rachels has offered a moral argument intended to show that there could not be a being worthy of worship. In this paper I shall examine the position Rachels is arguing for in some detail. I shall endeavor to show that his argument is unsound and, more interestingly, that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  13.  44
    Kitcher, Philip., The Ethical Project.Philip E. Devine - 2013 - Review of Metaphysics 66 (3):579-581.
  14.  13
    Philip Cafaro Writes.Philip Cafaro - 2008 - Ethics and International Affairs 22 (3):248-254.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  22
    Divine Conservation and Spinozistic Pantheism: PHILIP L. QUINN.Philip L. Quinn - 1979 - Religious Studies 15 (3):289-302.
    In a recent paper, Robert A. Oakes argues that a doctrine central to, and partially constitutive of, classical theism implies a certain sort of pantheism. The doctrine in question is a modal form of the claim that God conserves in existence the world of contingent things; alternatively, it is the view that all contingently existing things are necessarily continuously dependent upon God for their existence. And the variety of pantheism at stake is a modal form of the thesis that all (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  61
    Regarding Philip Clayton.Philip Rolnick - 2002 - Tradition and Discovery 29 (3):5-6.
    This brief opening for a special issue of Tradition and Discovery: The Polanyi Society Periodical on Philip Clayton’s thought and its connection with that of Michael Polany introduces Clayton’s essay and the responses by Martinez Hewlett, Gregory R. Peterson, Andy F. Sanders and Waler B. Gulick.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  31
    Information Cultures in the Digital Age.Matthew Kelly & Jared Bielby (eds.) - 2016 - Wiesbaden, Germany: Springer VS.
    For several decades Rafael Capurro has been at the forefront of defining the relationship between information and modernity through both phenomenological and ethical formulations. In exploring both of these themes Capurro has re-vivified the transcultural and intercultural expressions of how we bring an understanding of information to bear on scientific knowledge production and intermediation. Capurro has long stressed the need to look deeply into how we contextualize the information problems that scientific society creates for us and to re-incorporate a pragmatic (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  18. Science, Truth, and Democracy.Philip Kitcher - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    Striving to boldly redirect the philosophy of science, this book by renowned philosopher Philip Kitcher examines the heated debate surrounding the role of science in shaping our lives. Kitcher explores the sharp divide between those who believe that the pursuit of scientific knowledge is always valuable and necessary--the purists--and those who believe that it invariably serves the interests of people in positions of power. In a daring turn, he rejects both perspectives, working out a more realistic image of the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   377 citations  
  19.  5
    Media Ethics: Issues and Cases.Philip Patterson, Lee C. Wilkins & Chad Painter - 2018 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The ninth edition of Media Ethics: Issues and Cases has been updated to reflect the most pressing ethical issues in media. Featuring 25 new cases on hot topic issues from fake news to drones and a new chapter on social justice, this authoritative case book gives students the tools to make ethical decisions in an increasingly complex environment.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   45 citations  
  20. Dictionary of the History of Ideas Studies of Selected Pivotal Ideas. Philip P. Wiener, Editor in Chief.Philip P. Wiener - 1973
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21.  50
    On the People’s Terms.Philip Pettit - 2012 - Political Theory 44 (5):697-706.
  22. "Philip C. Ritterbush", Overtures to Biology. [REVIEW]Philip Merlan - 1965 - Dialogue 3 (4):438.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  22
    Habermas on Truth and Justice: Philip Pettit.Philip Pettit - 1982 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 14:207-228.
    The problem which motivates this paper bears on the relationship between Marxism and morality. It is not the well-established question of whether the Marxist's commitments undermine an attachment to ethical standards, but the more neglected query as to whether they allow the espousal of political ideals. The study and assessment of political ideals is pursued nowadays under the title of theory of justice, the aim of such theory being to provide a criterion for distinguishing just patterns of social organization from (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  24.  17
    Statistical Reporting with Philip's Sextuple and Extended Sextuple: A Simple Method for Easy Communication of Findings.Philip Tromovitch - 2012 - Journal of Research Practice 8 (1):Article - P2.
    The advance of science and human knowledge is impeded by misunderstandings of various statistics, insufficient reporting of findings, and the use of numerous standardized and non-standardized presentations of essentially identical information. Communication with journalists and the public is hindered by the failure to present statistics that are easy for non-scientists to interpret as well as by use of the word significant, which in scientific English does not carry the meaning of "important" or "large." This article promotes a new standard method (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  61
    Creation and Evolution: PHILIP E. DEVINE.Philip E. Devine - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (3):325-337.
    Despite the bad reputation of the legal profession, law remains king in America. A highly diverse society relies on the laws to maintain a working sense of the dignity and inviability of each individual. And a persistent element in contemporary debates is the fear that naturalistic theories of the human person will erode our belief that we have a dignity greater than that of other natural objects. Thus the endurance of the creation vs. evolution debate is due less to the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Science-Mart: Privatizing American Science.Philip Mirowski - 2011 - Harvard University Press.
  27. Group Agency and Supervenience.Philip Pettit - 2006 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (S1):85-105.
    Can groups be rational agents over and above their individual members? We argue that group agents are distinguished by their capacity to mimic the way in which individual agents act and that this capacity must “supervene” on the group members’ contributions. But what is the nature of this supervenience relation? Focusing on group judgments, we argue that, for a group to be rational, its judgment on a particular proposition cannot generally be a function of the members’ individual judgments on that (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   46 citations  
  28.  2
    “That's Our Kind of Constellation”: Lesbian Mothers Negotiate Institutionalized Understandings of Gender Within the Family.Denise D. Bielby & Susan E. Dalton - 2000 - Gender and Society 14 (1):36-61.
    Building on more than two decades offeminist analysis of the family, this article takes a neoinstitutionalist approach to examine some of the ways that sex, gender, and sexual orientation intersect in lesbianheaded two-parent families, affecting how they construct their roles as mothers. Institutionalist theory tends to de-emphasize how actors deliberately construct social arrangements such as parenting roles within the family. The authors' analysis of interviews from 14 lesbian mothers remedies this deficiency by focusing both on how they draw upon and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  29. Ability, Foreknowledge, and Explanatory Dependence.Philip Swenson - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94 (4):658-671.
    Many philosophers maintain that the ability to do otherwise is compatible with comprehensive divine foreknowledge but incompatible with the truth of causal determinism. But the Fixity of the Past principle underlying the rejection of compatibilism about the ability to do otherwise and determinism appears to generate an argument also for the incompatibility of the ability to do otherwise and divine foreknowledge. By developing an account of ability that appeals to the notion of explanatory dependence, we can replace the Fixity of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  30.  1
    Women and Men in Film: Gender Inequality Among Writers in a Culture Industry.William T. Bielby & Denise D. Bielby - 1996 - Gender and Society 10 (3):248-270.
    Distinctive features of culture industries suggest that women culture workers face formidable barriers to career advancement. Using longitudinal data on the careers of screenwriters, we examine gender inequality in the labor market for writers of feature films. We hypothesize and test three different models of labor market dynamics and find support for a model of cumulative disadvantage whereby the gender gap in earnings grows as men and women move through their careers. We suggest that the transition of screenwriting from a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  31.  27
    Some Problems About Resurrection: PHILIP L. QUINN.Philip L. Quinn - 1978 - Religious Studies 14 (3):343-359.
    Suppose that a person P 1 dies some time during 1978. Many years later, the resurrection world, a perennial object of Christian concern, begins on the morning of the day of judgment. On its first morning there are in that world distinct persons, P 2 and P 3 , each of whom is related in remarkably intimate ways to P 1 . You are to imagine that each of them satisfies each of the criteria or conditions necessary for identity with (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Commentary by Philip Hebert, M.D.Philip Hebert - 1998 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 8 (4):107-107.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Critical Notice: Philip Kitcher and Wesley C. Salmon,(Eds.), Scientific Explanation; and Wesley C. Salmon, Four Decades of Scientific Explanation* James H. Fetzert. [REVIEW]Philip Kitcher - 1991 - In Richard Boyd, Philip Gasper & J. D. Trout (eds.), The Philosophy of Science. MIT Press. pp. 58--288.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  99
    The Scientific Dimensions of Social Knowledge and Their Distant Echoes in 20th-Century American Philosophy of Science.Philip Mirowski - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (2):283-326.
    The widespread impression that recent philosophy of science has pioneered exploration of the “social dimensions of scientific knowledge” is shown to be in error, partly due to a lack of appreciation of historical precedent, and partly due to a misunderstanding of how the social sciences and philosophy have been intertwined over the last century. This paper argues that the referents of “democracy” are an important key in the American context, and that orthodoxies in the philosophy of science tend to be (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  35. Global Consequentialism.Philip Pettit & Michael Smith - 2000 - In Brad Hooker, Elinor Mason & Dale Miller (eds.), Morality, Rules and Consequences: A Critical Reader. Edinburgh University Press.
  36. Anticipatory Ethics for Emerging Technologies.Philip A. E. Brey - 2012 - NanoEthics 6 (1):1-13.
    Abstract In this essay, a new approach for the ethical study of emerging technology ethics will be presented, called anticipatory technology ethics (ATE). The ethics of emerging technology is the study of ethical issues at the R&D and introduction stage of technology development through anticipation of possible future devices, applications, and social consequences. I will argue that a major problem for its development is the problem of uncertainty, which can only be overcome through methodologically sound forecasting and futures studies. I (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  37. Intercorporeity and the First-Person Plural in Merleau-Ponty.Philip J. Walsh - 2020 - Continental Philosophy Review 53 (1):21-47.
    A theory of the first-person plural occupies a unique place in philosophical investigations into intersubjectivity and social cognition. In order for the referent of the first-person plural—“the We”—to come into existence, it seems there must be a shared ground of communicative possibility, but this requires a non-circular explanation of how this ground could be shared in the absence of a pre-existing context of communicative conventions. Margaret Gilbert’s and John Searle’s theories of collective intentionality capture important aspects of the We, but (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38. Real Realism: The Galilean Strategy.Philip Kitcher - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (2):151-197.
    This essay aims to disentangle various types of anti-realism, and to disarm the considerations that are deployed to support them. I distinguish empiricist versions of anti-realism from constructivist versions, and, within each of these, semantic arguments from epistemological arguments. The centerpiece of my defense of a modest version of realism - real realism - is the thought that there are resources within our ordinary ways of talking about and knowing about everyday objects that enable us to extend our claims to (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   59 citations  
  39.  10
    Anthology of Quality: A Book Review by Philip Patterson. [REVIEW]Philip Patterson - 1995 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 10 (1):51 – 52.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. Book Review: Deceptive Advertising: Review by Philip Patterson. [REVIEW]Philip Patterson - 1992 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 7 (1):59 – 62.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  2
    Liberal Faith: Essays in Honor of Philip Quinn.Philip L. Quinn & Paul J. Weithman (eds.) - 2008 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    Philip Quinn, John A. O’Brien Professor at the University of Notre Dame from 1985 until his death in 2004, was well known for his work in the philosophy of religion, political philosophy, and core areas of analytic philosophy. Although the breadth of his interests was so great that it would be virtually impossible to identify any subset of them as representative, the contributors to this volume provide an excellent introduction to, and advance the discussion of, some of the questions (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. Looks as Powers.Philip Pettit - 2003 - Philosophical Issues 13 (1):221-52.
    Although they may differ on the reason why, many philosophers hold that it is a priori that an object is red if and only if it is such as to look red to normal observers in normal conditions.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   57 citations  
  43.  8
    A Letter of Philip Melanchthon to the Reader.Marian A. Moore & Philip Melanchthon - 1959 - Isis 50 (2):145-150.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  42
    Preludes to Pragmatism: Toward a Reconstruction of Philosophy.Philip Kitcher - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    In these essays, distinguished philosopher Philip Kitcher argues for a reconstruction of philosophy along the lines of classical Pragmatism.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  45. A Challenge for Frankfurt-Style Compatibilists.Philip Swenson - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (5):1279-1285.
    The principle of alternative possibilities tells us that an agent is morally responsible for an action only if he could have done otherwise. Frankfurt-style cases provide an extremely influential challenge to the PAP . And Frankfurt-style compatibilists are motivated to accept compatibilism about responsibility and determinism in part due to FSCs. But there is a significant tension between our judgments about responsibility in FSCs and our judgments about responsibility in certain omissions cases. This tension has thus far largely been treated (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  46. The Motivational Dimensional Model of Affect: Implications for Breadth of Attention, Memory, and Cognitive Categorisation.Philip Gable & Eddie Harmon-Jones - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (2):322-337.
  47.  42
    Going Viral: How a Single Tweet Spawned a COVID-19 Conspiracy Theory on Twitter.Philip Mai & Anatoliy Gruzd - 2020 - Big Data and Society 7 (2).
    In late March of 2020, a new hashtag, #FilmYourHospital, made its first appearance on social media. The hashtag encouraged people to visit local hospitals to take pictures and videos of empty hospitals to help “prove” that the COVID-19 pandemic is an elaborate hoax. Using techniques from Social Network Analysis, this case study examines how this conspiracy theory propagated on Twitter and whether the hashtag virality was aided by the use of automation or coordination among Twitter users. We found that while (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  48.  6
    The Religious Significance of the Ontological Argument: PHILIP E.DEVINE.Philip E. Devine - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (1):97-116.
    It seems clear that the ontological argument can no longer be dismissed as a silly fallacy. The dogma of the impossibility of necessary existence is seriously threatened by the case of necessary existential truths in mathematics, and as for the claim that the ontological argument must beg the question, since by mentioning God in the premise his existence is presupposed, it is undermined by the fact that we often refer to things—Hamlet for instance— we do not for a moment think (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  21
    Real Realism: The Galilean Strategy.Philip Kitcher - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (2):151.
    There are almost as many versions of realism as there are antirealists, each ready to supply a preferred characterization before undertaking demolition. Even in the case of scientific realism, my topic here, I recognize two major antirealist themes.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   56 citations  
  50.  21
    The Triumph of the Therapeutic: Uses of Faith After Freud.Philip Rieff - 1966 - New York: Harper & Row.
    "Philip Rieff has become out most learned and provocative critic of psychoanalytic thinking and of the compelling mind and character of its first proponent.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000