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Philip Clayton [86]Philip D. Clayton [1]
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  1. Mind and Emergence: From Quantum to Consciousness.Philip Clayton - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Strong claims have been made for emergence as a new paradigm for understanding science, consciousness, and religion. Tracing the past history and current definitions of the concept, Clayton assesses the case for emergent phenomena in the natural world and their significance for philosophy and theology. Complex emergent phenomena require irreducible levels of explanation in physics, chemistry and biology. This pattern of emergence suggests a new approach to the problem of consciousness, which is neither reducible to brain states nor proof of (...)
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  2. The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis From Science to Religion.Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume introduces readers to emergence theory, outlines the major arguments in its defence, and summarizes the most powerful objections against it. It provides the clearest explication yet of this exciting new theory of science, which challenges the reductionist approach by proposing the continuous emergence of novel phenomena.
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  3.  23
    God and Contemporary Science.Philip Clayton - 1997 - Eerdmans.
    This series relates past thought from the history of Western theological traditions to areas of contemporary concern in fresh, innovative, and constructive ways.
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  4. Conceptual Foundations of Emergence Theory.Philip Clayton - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence. Oxford University Press. pp. 1--31.
     
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  5. On Emergence, Agency, and Organization.Stuart Kauffman & Philip Clayton - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (4):501-521.
    Ultimately we will only understand biological agency when we have developed a theory of the organization of biological processes, and science is still a long way from attaining that goal. It may be possible nonetheless to develop a list of necessary conditions for the emergence of minimal biological agency. The authors offer a model of molecular autonomous agents which meets the five minimal physical conditions that are necessary (and, we believe, conjointly sufficient) for applying agential language in biology: autocatalytic reproduction; (...)
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  6. Prospects for Panentheism as Research Program.Philip Clayton - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (1):1-18.
    Panentheism is best understood as a philosophical research program. Identifying the core of the research program offers a strong response to the demarcation objection. It also helps focus both objections to and defenses of panentheism — and to show why common objections are not actually criticisms of the position we are defending. The paper also addresses two common criticisms: the alleged inadequacy of panentheism’s double “in” specification of the relationship between God and world, and the “double God” objection. Once the (...)
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  7. The Problem of God in Modern Thought.Philip Clayton - 2001 - Ars Disputandi 1.
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  8. Emergence From Quantum Physics to Religion: A Critical Appraisal.Philip Clayton - 2006 - In P. Davies & P. Clayton (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis From Science to Religion. Oxford University Press. pp. 303.
     
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  9.  8
    On Agency, Emergence and Organization.Philip Clayton & Stuart Kauffman - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (4):501-521.
    Ultimately we will only understand biological agency when we have developed a theory of the organization of biological processes, and science is still a long way from attaining that goal. It may be possible nonetheless to develop a list of necessary conditions for the emergence of minimal biological agency. The authors offer a model of molecular autonomous agents which meets the five minimal physical conditions that are necessary for applying agential language in biology: autocatalytic reproduction; work cycles; boundaries for reproducing (...)
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  10. The Fruits of Pluralism: A Vision for the Next Seven Years in Religion/Science.Philip Clayton - 2014 - Zygon 49 (2):430-442.
    This article offers a vision for work at the intersection of science and religion over the coming seven years. Because predictions are inherently risky and are more often than not false, the text first offers an assessment of the current state of the science-religion discussion and a quick survey of the last 50 years of work in this field. The implications of the six features of this vision for the future of the field are then presented in some detail. Rather (...)
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  11.  55
    Panentheisms East and West.Philip Clayton - 2010 - Sophia 49 (2):183-191.
    In the West panentheism is known as the view that the world is contained within the divine, though God is also more than the world. I trace the history of this school of philosophy in both Eastern and Western traditions. Although the term is not widely known, the position in fact draws together a broad range of important positions in 20th and 21st century metaphysics, theology, and philosophy of religion. I conclude with some reflections on the practical importance of this (...)
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  12.  66
    Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science.Philip Clayton (ed.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    In addition to treatments of questions of methodology and implications for life and practice, the Handbook includes sections devoted to the major scientific ...
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  13. Neuroscience, the Person, and God: An Emergentist Account.Philip Clayton - 1999 - In Zygon. Notre Dame: University Notre Dame Press. pp. 613-652.
  14. Open Panentheism and Creatio Ex Nihilo.Philip Clayton - 2008 - Process Studies 37 (1):166-183.
    Open theism represents an important mediating position between more traditional or evangelical theology and process thought. But open theists have in general failed to engage panentheism. The increasingly significant role of panentheism not only in process thought but now across the theological spectrum—including among evangelical thinkers—suggests a new mediating position, open panentheism. Its panentheistic themes allow this new constructive theology to draw more deeply from process sources than most open theists do. At the same time, along with more traditional theologies, (...)
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  15.  26
    The Predicament of Belief: Science, Philosophy, and Faith.Philip Clayton & Steven Knapp - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Can it make sense for someone who appreciates the explanatory power of modern science to continue believing in a traditional religious account of the ultimate nature and purpose of our universe?
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  16. Emergence From Physics to Theology: Toward a Panoramic View.Philip Clayton - 2006 - Zygon 41 (3):675-687.
  17.  25
    Evolution, Contingency, and Christology.Philip Clayton & Steven Knapp - 2018 - Zygon 53 (3):766-781.
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  18.  9
    Neuroscience, the Person, and God: An Emergentist Account.Philip Clayton - 2000 - Zygon 35 (3):613-652.
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  19.  38
    How Radically Can God Be Reconceived Before Ceasing to Be God? The Four Faces of Panentheism.Philip Clayton - 2017 - Zygon 52 (4):1044-1059.
    Panentheism has often been put forward as a means for bringing theology and science into dialogue, perhaps even resolving some of the major tensions between them. A variety of “faces” of panentheism are distinguished, including conservative, metaphysical, apophatic, and naturalist panentheisms. This series of increasingly radical panentheisms is explored, each one bringing its own core commitments, and each describing very different relationships between religion and science. We consider, for example, the diverse ways that the radical panentheisms construe emergent phenomena in (...)
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  20.  60
    Natural Law and Divine Action: The Search for an Expanded Theory of Causation.Philip Clayton - 2004 - Zygon 39 (3):615-636.
  21. Emergence, Supervenience, and Personal Knowledge.Philip Clayton - 2002 - Tradition and Discovery 29 (3):8-19.
    Michael Polanyi was perhaps the most important emergence theorist of the middle of the 20th century. As the key link between the British Emergentists of the 1920s and the explosion of emergence theory in the 1990s, he played a crucial role in resisting reductionist interpretations of science and keeping the concept of emergence alive. Polanyi’s position on emergence is described and its major strengths and weaknesses are analyzed. Using Polanyi as the foundation, the article surveys the major contemporary options in (...)
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  22.  2
    Introduction.Philip Clayton - 2006 - In The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science. Oxford University Press.
    Any discussion of the possibility of ‘science and religion’ as a distinct field of study represented a clear step forward from the dominant prejudice of an earlier age. By contrast, it seems hard to deny that a new area of study has emerged, one devoted to the study of the complex and multifaceted relationships between science and religion. The text in this book testifies to the existence of a distinct field of inquiry. One can hope that carefully studying how differently (...)
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  23.  26
    Index to Volume 43.Fatima Agha Al-Hayani, Jacques Arnould, Ian G. Barbour, Marc Bekoff, Sjoerd L. Bonting, David Bradnick, Don Browning, John J. Carvalho Iv, Philip Clayton & Joseph K. Cosgrove - 2008 - Zygon 43 (4):783-795.
  24. Emergence, Autonomous Agents, and Organization.Stuart Kauffman & Philip Clayton - forthcoming - Biology and Philosophy.
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  25.  90
    Something New Under the Sun: Forty Years of Philosophy of Religion, with a Special Look at Process Philosophy. [REVIEW]Philip Clayton - 2010 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 68 (1-3):139-152.
    Looking back over the last 40 years of work in the philosophy of religion provides a fascinating vantage point from which to assess the state of the discipline today. I describe central features of American philosophy of religion in 1970 and reconstruct the last 40 years as a progression through four main stages. This analysis offers an overarching framework from which to examine the major contributions and debates of process philosophy of religion during the same period. The major thinkers, topics, (...)
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  26. The Religion-Science Discussion at Forty Years: "Reports of My Death Are Premature".Philip Clayton - 2005 - Zygon 40 (1):23-32.
    . The startling success of the religion‐science discussion in recent years calls for reflection. Have old walls been broken down, old antagonisms overcome? Have science and religion finally been reconciled? Or is all the activity just so much sound and fury signifying nothing? Postmodern equations of scientific and religious beliefs disregard a number of enduring differences that help make sense of the continuing tensions. Yet the skepticism of authors such as John Caiazza is also ungrounded. I describe five major types (...)
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  27.  48
    On the Value of the Panentheistic Analogy: A Response to Willem Drees.Philip Clayton - 2000 - Zygon 35 (3):699-704.
  28.  43
    Shaping the Field of Theology and Science: A Critique of Nancey Murphy.Philip Clayton - 1999 - Zygon 34 (4):609-618.
  29.  98
    Hierarchies: The Core Argument for a Naturalistic Christian Faith.Philip Clayton - 2008 - Zygon 43 (1):27-41.
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  30.  71
    Inference to the Best Explanation.Philip Clayton - 1997 - Zygon 32 (3):377-391.
  31.  48
    Philosophy of Science: What One Needs to Know.Philip Clayton - 1997 - Zygon 32 (1):95-104.
  32.  34
    Disciplining Relativism and Truth.Philip Clayton - 1989 - Zygon 24 (3):315-334.
    . Imre Lakatos's philosophy of science can provide helpful leads for theological methodology, but only when mediated by the disciplines that lie between the natural sciences and theology. The questions of relativism and truth are used as indices for comparing disciplines, and Lakatos's theory of natural science is taken as the starting point. Major modifications of Lakatos's work are demanded as one moves from the natural sciences, through economics, the interpretive social sciences, literary theory, and into theology. Although theology may (...)
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  33.  16
    Recent Classical/Process Dialogue on God and Change.Philip Clayton - 1989 - Process Studies 18 (3):194-203.
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  34.  22
    Index to Volume 35.Carol Rausch Albright, John R. Albright, Jensine Andresen, Robert W. Bertram, David M. Byers, Anna Case-Winters, Michael Cavanaugh, Philip Clayton, Gerald A. Cory Jr & Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi - 2000 - Zygon 35 (4).
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  35.  27
    Index to Volume 32.John R. Albright, James B. Ashbrook, George G. Brooks, Anna Case-Winters, Michael Cavanaugh, Philip Clayton & Steven D. Crain - 1997 - Zygon 32 (4).
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  36. Panentheism Across the World's Traditions.Loriliai Biernacki & Philip Clayton (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Not to be confused with pantheism-the ancient Greek notion that God is everywhere, an animistic force in rocks and trees-the concept of panentheism suggests that God is both in the world, immanent, and also beyond the confines of mere matter, transcendent.One of the fundamental premises of this groundbreaking collection of essays is that panentheism, despite being unlabeled until the nineteenth century, is not merely a modern Western invention. The contributors examine a number of the world's established and ancient religious traditions-Christianity, (...)
     
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  37. The One in the Many: A Contemporary Reconstruction of the God-World Relationship.Joseph A. Bracken & Philip Clayton - 2001 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 59 (1):69-71.
     
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  38. Bernstein, Richard J.(1998) Freud and the Legacy of Moses. New York: Cambridge University Press, $59.95, 151 Pp. Burtchaell, James Tunstead (1998) The Dying of the Light: The Disengagement of Colleges and Universities From Their Christian Churches. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., $45.00, 868 Pp. [REVIEW]Leon Chai, Philip Clayton, B. Wm, Stephen Crites, Richard L. Greaves, Klaus Haag, Paul Heelas, David Martin & Paul Morris - 1999 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 45:200-202.
     
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  39. Being and One Theologian.Philip Clayton - 1988 - The Thomist 52 (4):645-671.
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  40.  19
    Belief and the Logic of Religious Commitment.Philip Clayton & Steven Knapp - 1999 - In G. Bruntrup & R. K. Tacelli (eds.), The Rationality of Theism. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 61--83.
  41. Constraint and Freedom in the Movement From Quantum Physics to Theology.Philip Clayton - 2009 - In F. LeRon Shults, Nancey C. Murphy & Robert J. Russell (eds.), Philosophy, Science and Divine Action. Brill.
  42.  17
    Carol Christ.“Feminist Re-Imaginings of the Divine and Harts-Horne's God: One and the Same?” Feminist Theology (2002): 95-115. [REVIEW]Philip Clayton, Natural Law & Divine Action - 2005 - Philosophy 32:47-57.
  43.  16
    Descartes and Infinite Perfection.Philip Clayton - 1992 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 66:137-147.
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  44.  23
    Emergence — A Response to My Critics.Philip Clayton - 2002 - Tradition and Discovery 29 (3):48-51.
    The author responds to criticisms from the four respondents to his “Emergence, Supervenience, and Personal Knowledge,” acknowledging areas where their points have improved the interpretation of science and the interpretation of Polanyi. The discussion focuses on the extent of the “causal decoupling” between parts and emergent wholes, with special attention to the question of whether (and if so, to what degree) brain activity causes thought.
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  45.  29
    Ethics and Rationality.Philip Clayton & Steven Knapp - 1993 - American Philosophical Quarterly 30 (2):151 - 161.
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  46. Ethics and Rationality.Philip Clayton - 1994 - American Philosophical Quarterly 31:151.
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  47.  33
    Explanation From Physics to the Philosophy of Religion.Philip Clayton - 1989 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 26 (2):89 - 108.
  48. Explanation From Physics to the Philosophy of Religion: Continuities and Discontinuities.Philip D. Clayton - 1986 - Dissertation, Yale University
    This thesis looks at explanation in the natural sciences, the social sciences, and in religious reflection. Although these fields differ radically in the objects studied and the methods employed, they do evidence certain formal commonalities when one inquires into the nature of the explanatory endeavor as it is manifested in each. By exploring the links between explanations and the various contexts or disciplines in which they occur, I attempt to provide a general framework for speaking of rational explanations in these (...)
     
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  49. Explanation From Physics to Theology: An Essay in Rationality and Religion.Philip Clayton - 1989 - Yale University Press.
    In this book Philip Clayton defends the rationality of religious explanations by exploring the parallels between explanatory effects in the sciences and the explanations offered by religious believers, students of religion, and theologians. Clayton begins by surveying the types of religious explanation, offering a synopsis of the most significant competing positions. He then critically examines recent important developments in the philosophy of science regarding the nature of scientific explanations—including the work of Popper, Hempel, Kuhn, and Lakatos in the natural sciences (...)
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  50.  40
    Freedom, Consciousness, and Science: An Emergentist Response to the Challenge.Philip Clayton - 2010 - In Science and Religion in Dialogue. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 985--998.
    This chapter contains sections titled: * A Neuroscientific Theory of Cognition: The Global Workspace Model * The Burden of Proof and the Loss of Innocence * The Harshest Attack on Freedom and Consciousness: Daniel Dennett * A More Radical Entailment? * Consciousness as an Emergent Property * Conclusion * Notes.
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