The title essay of this volume is a study of Wilhelm Jensen's Gradiva: a Pompeiian Fancy, the text of which is printed as an appendix. Three other very brief essays by Freud on related topics are included. In his introduction, Philip Rieff shows that Freud "looked not for evidence but for meaning" and this helps us to understand how a fictional character could as legitimately serve his purposes as an actual case history.--D. R.
An examination of the contemporary Italian movement associated with M. P. Sciacca, and the serious application of dialectical and phenomenological methods to unveil the structure of "intentionality" or "spirit." An appraisal of Sciacca together with a sample critique of Dante follows a competent summary of the prevailing positions.--D. B. B.
L’oeuvre d’Emmanuel Kant, qu’elle soit considérée dans son volet spécifiquement religieux ou dans sa globalité, a souvent mauvaise réputation en théologie. Or, certains théologiens ont utilisé ou continuent à prendre Kant comme une référence de choix afin de proposer une réflexion qui s’accorde avec les défis de leur époque. Cette contribution étudie le cas de Paul Tillich, dans son cours de philosophie de la religion de 1920, et les travaux récents de Philip Rossi, théologien américain.
Recent books by Paul Johnston, D. Z. Phillips, Philip Shields, and B. R. Tilghman all depict Wittgenstein as centrally concerned with ethics, but they range from representing his main works as expressing and advocating a particular religious-ethical outlook to arguing that his work has no ethical content but aims primarily to clarify such logical distinctions as that between ethical and empirical judgments. All four books raise the question about the moral philosopher's proper role, and each suggests a rather different (...) answer. Via the discussion of these books, I argue that Wittgenstein's stress on diversity in the ways of human life, his notion of conceptual grammar, the idea of a perspicuous representation, his lifelong involvement with art and his suggestions about its connection with morality, and his preoccupation with aspect-seeing-all suggest new possibilities of rehabilitating the historically recurrent idea that the philosopher may be a moral sage. (shrink)
Semiotics, in the guise of the limited Saussurean semiology, has been widely used in the humanities and in cultural studies for the past 20 to 30 years at least. With the advent, nearly 20 years ago, of the environmental humanities, including the new field of humanities animal studies, the weaknesses of this mode of analysis became increasingly clear. This essay forms part of a larger attempt to develop a Peirce-informed biosemiotic theory capable of affording conceptual tools for the broad-based study (...) of human and nonhuman natural and cultural developmental ecologies. It is particularly concerned to develop a biosemiotic, and hence non-reductive, account of aesthetic experience in which function consists in the growth of knowledge. Based on the role of chance, and thus creativity, in natural and cultural evolutionary systems, this essay uses poetry and poetic theory in order to argue that chance is a habit-upsetting happenstance whereby something which has the potential to become a sign , or to become a bearer of meaning, actually does become a sign to some living thing. (shrink)
Au cours des années 1770, ayant trouvé sa vocation de réformateur du droit et guidé par le principe du plus grand bonheur du plus grand nombre, Jeremy Bentham rassemble ses idées dans de volumineux manuscrits qu’il classe sous le titre de « principes préparatoires ». La publication récente de ces feuillets par Douglas Long et Philip Schofield entr’ouvre la porte de l’atelier du philosophe au tout début de sa carrière. Car la décennie 1770 est particulièrement féconde pour Bentham. C’est (...) pend... (shrink)
Some of the controversy surrounding the Duhemian claim that in science falsification is as inconclusive as verification is reconsidered. The D-Thesis, a particular version of this claim first discussed by Adolf Grünbaum, is formulated in a more precise and perspicuous fashion as a conjunction of two subtheses. Grünbaum's attempt to refute one of the subtheses by means of a geometrical counterexample and some subsequent discussions of this example are examined critically. An argument designed to prove the other subthesis is analyzed (...) and shown to be unsuccessful. It is concluded that the D-Thesis is as yet neither proven nor refuted. (shrink)
L’auteur de Bentham : A Guide for the Perplexed, Philip Schofield, est spécialiste de Bentham, directeur du Bentham Project et directeur de la publication des Collected Works of Jeremy Bentham. Comme l’indique le nom de la collection dans lequel son ouvrage est publié, A Guide for the Perplexed est un opuscule qui a l’ambition de faire connaître la pensée du philosophe utilitariste Jeremy Bentham à un public de lecteur non avertis. Sept chapitres s’attè..