37 found
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  1.  7
    Modal Reasoning, Models, and Manktelow and Over.Philip N. Johnson-Laird & Ruth M. J. Byrne - 1992 - Cognition 43 (2):173-182.
  2.  41
    The Acquisition of Boolean Concepts.Geoffrey P. Goodwin & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (3):128-133.
  3.  43
    Procedural Semantics.Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1977 - Cognition 5 (3):189-214.
  4.  40
    Mental Models and Deduction.Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (10):434-442.
  5.  23
    Temporal and Spatial Relations in Sentential Reasoning.Csongor Juhos, Ana Cristina Quelhas & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2012 - Cognition 122 (3):393-404.
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  6. The Mental Model Theory of Conditionals: A Reply to Guy Politzer.Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Ruth M. J. Byrne & Vittorio Girotto - 2009 - Topoi 28 (1):75-80.
    This paper replies to Politzer’s ( 2007 ) criticisms of the mental model theory of conditionals. It argues that the theory provides a correct account of negation of conditionals, that it does not provide a truth-functional account of their meaning, though it predicts that certain interpretations of conditionals yield acceptable versions of the ‘paradoxes’ of material implication, and that it postulates three main strategies for estimating the probabilities of conditionals.
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  7.  25
    Reasoning From Double Conditionals: The Effects of Logical Structure and Believability.Carlos Santamaría, Juan A. García-Madruga & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1998 - Thinking and Reasoning 4 (2):97-122.
    We report three experimental studies of reasoning with double conditionals, i.e. problems based on premises of the form: If A then B. If B then C. where A, B, and C, describe everyday events. We manipulated both the logical structure of the problems, using all four possible arrangements (or “figures” of their constituents, A, B, and C, and the believability of the two salient conditional conclusions that might follow from them, i.e. If A then C, or If C then A. (...)
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  8.  16
    Mental Models and Probabilistic Thinking.Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1994 - Cognition 50 (1-3):189-209.
  9.  12
    Précis of Deduction.Philip N. Johnson-Laird & Ruth M. J. Byrne - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):323.
  10. A Computational Analysis of Consciousness.Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1983 - Cognition and Brain Theory 6:499-508.
     
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  11.  31
    Basic Emotions in Social Relationships, Reasoning, and Psychological Illnesses.Keith Oatley & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (4):424-433.
    The communicative theory of emotions postulates that emotions are communications both within the brain and between individuals. Basic emotions owe their evolutionary origins to social mammals, and they enable human beings to use repertoires of mental resources appropriate to recurring and distinctive kinds of events. These emotions also enable them to cooperate with other individuals, to compete with them, and to disengage from them. The human system of emotions has also grafted onto basic emotions propositional contents about the cause of (...)
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  12. The Three-Term Series Problem.Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1972 - Cognition 1 (1):57-82.
  13.  11
    Mental Models and Thought.Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2005 - In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge University Press. pp. 185--208.
  14.  24
    Strategies in Temporal Reasoning.Walter Schaeken & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2000 - Thinking and Reasoning 6 (3):193 – 219.
    This paper reports three studies of temporal reasoning. A problem of the following sort, where the letters denote common everyday events: A happens before B. C happens before B. D happens while B. E happens while C. What is the relation between D and EEfficacylls for at least two alternative models to be constructed in order to give the right answer for the right reason. However, the first premise is irrelevant to this answer, and so if reasoners were to ignore (...)
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  15.  9
    Conditionals and Possibilities.Ruth Mj Byrne, Philip N. Johnson-Laird, M. Oaksford & N. Chater - 2010 - In M. Oaksford & N. Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thought. Oxford University Press.
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  16.  13
    What's Wrong with Grandma's Guide to Procedural Semantics: A Reply to Jerry Fodor.Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1978 - Cognition 9 (September):249-61.
  17.  12
    Rules and Illusions: A Critical Study of Rips's the Psychology of Proof. [REVIEW]Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7 (3):387-407.
  18. Propositional Reasoning by Model.Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Ruth M. Byrne & Walter Schaeken - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (3):418-439.
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  19. Models of Visuospatial Cognition.Manuel de Vega, Margaret Jean Intons-Peterson, Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Michel Denis & Marc Marschark - 1996 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This second volume in the Counterpoints Series focuses on alternative models of visual-spatial processing in human cognition. The editors provide a historical and theoretical introduction and offer ideas about directions and new research designs.
     
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  20.  6
    Mental Models or Formal Rules?Philip N. Johnson-Laird & Ruth M. J. Byrne - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):368.
  21. Mental Models of Meaning.Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1981 - In A. Joshi, Bruce H. Weber & Ivan A. Sag (eds.), Elements of Discourse Understanding. Cambridge University Press. pp. 106--126.
     
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  22.  23
    Mental Models, Deductive Reasoning, and the Brain.Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1995 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences. MIT Press. pp. 999--1008.
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  23.  8
    A Model Theory of Induction.Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1994 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (1):5 – 29.
    Abstract Theories of induction in psychology and artificial intelligence assume that the process leads from observation and knowledge to the formulation of linguistic conjectures. This paper proposes instead that the process yields mental models of phenomena. It uses this hypothesis to distinguish between deduction, induction, and creative forms of thought. It shows how models could underlie inductions about specific matters. In the domain of linguistic conjectures, there are many possible inductive generalizations of a conjecture. In the domain of models, however, (...)
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  24.  22
    Models Redux: Response to Evans and Over.Ruth M. J. Byrne & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (1):6.
  25.  1
    Reasoning From Suppositions.Ruth M. J. Byrne, Simon J. Handley & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1995 - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A 48 (4):915-944.
    Two experiments investigated inferences based on suppositions. In Experiment 1, the subjects decided whether suppositions about individuals' veracity were consistent with their assertions—for example, whether the supposition “Ann is telling the truth and Beth is telling a lie”, is consistent with the premises: “Ann asserts: I am telling the truth and Beth is telling the truth. Beth asserts: Ann is telling the truth”. It showed that these inferences are more difficult than ones based on factual premises: “Ann asserts: I live (...)
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  26.  15
    If Bears Eat in the Woods?Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (2):43-44.
  27.  14
    Corrigendum: ‘If’ and the Problems of Conditional Reasoning.Ruth M. J. Byrne & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (9):371.
  28. Development of Syllogistic Reasoning.Bruno G. Bara, Monica Bucciarelli & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1995 - American Journal of Psychology 108:157-157.
    The following values have no corresponding Zotero field: PB - University of Illinois Press.
     
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  29. How the Mind Thinks.Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1993 - In George A. Miller & Gilbert Harman (eds.), Conceptions of the Human Mind: Essays in Honor of George A. Miller. L. Erlbaum Associates.
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  30.  30
    An End to the Controversy? A Reply to Rips.Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7 (3):425-432.
  31.  16
    Flying Bicycles: How the Wright Brothers Invented the Airplane. [REVIEW]Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2005 - Mind and Society 4 (1):27-48.
    This paper explores the ways in which Wilbur and Orville Wright thought as they tackled the problem of designing and constructing a heavier-than-air craft that would fly under its own power and under their control. It argues that their use of analogy and their use of knowledge in diagnostic reasoning lies outside the scope of current psychological theories and their computer implementations. They used analogies based on mental models of one system, such as the wings, to help them to develop (...)
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  32.  2
    Strategies in Sentential Reasoning.Yingrui van Der HenstYang & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2002 - Cognitive Science 26 (4):425-468.
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  33.  2
    Conditionals and Probability.Vittorio Girotto & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2010 - In M. Oaksford & N. Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thought. Oxford University Press. pp. 103--115.
  34.  3
    Reply to the Commentators on a Model Theory of Induction.Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1994 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (1):73 – 96.
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  35.  1
    How is Meaning Mentally Represented.Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1988 - In Umberto Eco (ed.), Meaning and Mental Representations. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. pp. 496--99.
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  36. Human Thinking and Mental Models.Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1990 - In K. A. Mohyeldin Said, W. H. Newton-Smith, R. Viale & K. V. Wilkes (eds.), Modelling the Mind. Clarendon Press. pp. 155--170.
     
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  37. Numbers L-2.Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Eldar Shafir, Itamar Simonson, Amos Tversky, P. Legrenzi, V. Girotto, Pn Johnson-Laird, Edward E. Smith, Daniel Osherson & Nancy Pennington - 1993 - Cognition 49 (297):297.
     
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