Results for 'Philip R. S. Johnson'

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  1.  74
    An Analysis of “Dignity”.Philip R. S. Johnson - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (4):337-352.
    The word dignity is frequently used both in clinical and philosophical discourse when referring to and describing the ideal conditions of the patient's treatment, particularly the dying patient. An exploration of the variety of meanings associated with the word dignity will note dignity's ambiguous usage and reveal instrumental concepts needed to better understand the discourse of the dying. When applied to a critique of recent and contemporary criticisms of the medical community's handling of the dying, such concepts might provide a (...)
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  2. Erratum: The I.W.W. Prior to America's Entry Into World War I.Philip S. Foner & Michael R. Johnson - 1965 - Science and Society 29 (2):216-216.
     
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  3.  14
    The I.W.W. Prior to America's Entry Into World War I.Philip S. Foner & Michael R. Johnson - 1965 - Science and Society 29 (1):91 - 95.
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  4.  24
    Flesh of My Flesh: The Ethics of Cloning Humans a Reader.Gregory E. Pence, George Annas, Stephen Jay Gould, George Johnson, Axel Kahn, Leon Kass, Philip Kitcher, R. C. Lewontin, Gilbert Meilaender, Timothy F. Murphy, National Bioethics Advisory Commission, Chief Justice John Roberts & James D. Watson - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Flesh of My Flesh is a collection of articles by today's most respected scientists, philosophers, bioethicists, theologians, and law professors about whether we should allow human cloning. It includes historical pieces to provide background for the current debate. Religious, philosophical, and legal points of view are all represented.
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  5.  35
    Correspondence.R. S. Conway & S. K. Johnson - 1931 - The Classical Review 45 (02):94-.
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  6.  40
    Logic and Sin in the Writings of Ludwig Wittgenstein.Philip R. Shields - 1993 - University of Chicago Press.
    Philip R. Shields shows that ethical and religious concerns inform even the most technical writings on logic and language, and that, for Wittgenstein, the need to establish clear limitations is both a logical and an ethical demand. Rather than merely saying specific things about theology and religion, major texts from the Tractatus to the Philosophical Investigations express their fundamentally religious nature by showing that there are powers which bear down upon and sustain us. Shields finds a religious view of (...)
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  7. Unruh Effect in a Uniformly Accelerated Charge: From Quantum Fluctuations to Classical Radiation.Philip R. Johnson & B. L. Hu - forthcoming - Foundations of Physics.
     
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  8.  36
    Elements of a Plan‐Based Theory of Speech Acts.Philip R. Cohen & C. Raymond Perrault - 1979 - Cognitive Science 3 (3):177-212.
    This paper explores the truism that people think about what they say. It proposes that, to satisfy their own goals, people often plan their speech acts to affect their listeners' beliefs, goals, and emotional states. Such language use can be modelled by viewing speech acts as operators in a planning system, thus allowing both physical and speech acts to be integrated into plans. Methodological issues of how speech acts should be defined in a planbased theory are illustrated by defining operators (...)
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  9.  2
    Flush and Bone: Funeralizing Alkaline Hydrolysis in the United States.Philip R. Olson - 2014 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 39 (5):666-693.
    This article examines the political controversy in the United States surrounding a new process for the disposition of human remains, alkaline hydrolysis. AH technologies use a heated solution of water and strong alkali to dissolve tissues, yielding an effluent that can be disposed through municipal sewer systems, and brittle bone matter that can be dried, crushed, and returned to the decedent’s family. Though AH is legal in eight US states, opposition to the technology remains strong. Opponents express concerns about public (...)
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  10.  40
    How We Reason.Philip Johnson-Laird - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Good reasoning can lead to success; bad reasoning can lead to catastrophe. Yet, it's not obvious how we reason, and why we make mistakes. This new book by one of the pioneers of the field, Philip Johnson-Laird, looks at the mental processes that underlie our reasoning. It provides the most accessible account yet of the science of reasoning.
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  11. Philip R. Reilly, Abraham Lincoln's DNA and Other Adventures in Genetics.S. Lyons - 2002 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (3/4):530-531.
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  12.  5
    Marxist Psychology in America: A Critique.S. Cohen, R. Johnson & R. West - 1957 - Science and Society 21 (2):98 - 121.
  13. Programmatic and Non-Programmatic Determinants of Contraceptive Prevalence Levels in Rural Bangladesh.M. A. Koenig, M. B. Hossain, N. C. Roy, J. F. Phillips, C. W. Warren, R. S. Monteith, J. T. Johnson, S. M. Greene, M. T. Joy & J. K. Nugent - 1989 - Journal of Biosocial Science 21 (4):409-17.
     
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  14.  24
    ΠGarey Michael R. And Johnson David S.. Computers and Intractability. A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness. W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco 1979, X + 338 Pp. [REVIEW]Harry R. Lewis - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (2):498-500.
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  15.  5
    Murphy's Law and the Natural Ought.Philip R. Sullivan & Phillip R. Sullivan - 1995 - Behavior and Philosophy 23 (3-1):39 - 49.
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  16. Livy Ab Urbe Condita Books Xxvi-Xxx.R. S. Conway & S. K. Johnson (eds.) - 1963 - Oxford University Press UK.
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  17.  5
    Domesticating Deathcare: The Women of the U.S. Natural Deathcare Movement.Philip R. Olson - 2018 - Journal of Medical Humanities 39 (2):195-215.
    This article examines the women-led natural deathcare movment in the early 21st century U.S., focusing upon the movement’s non-coincidental epistemological and gender-political similarities to the natural childbirth movement. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach and drawing upon the author’s intensive interviews with pioneers and leaders of the U.S. natural deathcare movement, as well as from the author’s own participation in the movement, this article argues that the political similarities between the countercultural natural childbirth and natural deathcare movements reveal a common cultural provocation—one (...)
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  18.  9
    Overriding the Natural Ought.Philip R. Sullivan & Phillip R. Sullivan - 1996 - Behavior and Philosophy 24 (2):129 - 136.
    Natural selection favors not only more adaptive structural features but also more effective behavioral programs. Crucial for the prospering and very survival of an extremely sophisticated social species like homo sapiens is the biological/psychological program that might be conveniently labeled the human sense of fairness: a feeling often referred to in societies featuring supernaturalized explanations as one's "God given conscience." The sense of fairness and related programs derive a measure of their effectiveness from the fact that, in addition to the (...)
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  19.  5
    An Empirical Ethnosemantic Investigation in Support of Lévi-Strauss´s Rationalism.Philip R. Devita - 1981 - Semiotica 34 (3-4).
  20.  17
    Naive Probability: A Mental Model Theory of Extensional Reasoning.Philip Johnson-Laird, Paolo Legrenzi, Vittorio Girotto, Maria Sonino Legrenzi & Jean-Paul Caverni - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (1):62-88.
    This article outlines a theory of naive probability. According to the theory, individuals who are unfamiliar with the probability calculus can infer the probabilities of events in an extensional way: They construct mental models of what is true in the various possibilities. Each model represents an equiprobable alternative unless individuals have beliefs to the contrary, in which case some models will have higher probabilities than others. The probability of an event depends on the proportion of models in which it occurs. (...)
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  21. Philip G. Fothergill, F.R.S.E., "Evolution and Christians". [REVIEW]Michael Stock - 1962 - The Thomist 25 (1):165.
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  22.  26
    A Pragmatist Philosophy of Democracy (Review).Philip R. Olson - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (4):pp. 631-633.
    In this, his second book, Robert Talisse “attempts to make explicit the pragmatist roots and motivations of the concept of democracy” developed in his 2005 book, Democracy after Liberalism: Pragmatism and Deliberative Politics . Inspired by the work of the classical American pragmatist, Charles Sanders Peirce, Talisse defends a substantive, epistemic conception of democracy, which he calls “epistemic perfectionism.” Pragmatists, political philosophers, and social epistemologists alike will discover in this book a provocative synthesis of their respective inquiries, which Talisse wields (...)
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  23.  32
    What's Wrong with Grandma's Guide to Procedural Semantics: A Reply to Jerry Fodor.Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1978 - Cognition 9 (September):249-61.
  24. The Mental Model Theory of Conditionals: A Reply to Guy Politzer.Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Ruth M. J. Byrne & Vittorio Girotto - 2009 - Topoi 28 (1):75-80.
    This paper replies to Politzer’s ( 2007 ) criticisms of the mental model theory of conditionals. It argues that the theory provides a correct account of negation of conditionals, that it does not provide a truth-functional account of their meaning, though it predicts that certain interpretations of conditionals yield acceptable versions of the ‘paradoxes’ of material implication, and that it postulates three main strategies for estimating the probabilities of conditionals.
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  25.  6
    Philip Gosse's Omphalos, Edmund Gosse's Father and Son, and Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection.Frederic R. Ross - 1977 - Isis 68 (1):85-96.
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  26.  28
    Nietzsche's Anti-Darwinism.Dirk R. Johnson - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Friedrich Nietzsche's complex connection to Charles Darwin has been much explored, and both scholarly and popular opinions have tended to assume a convergence in their thinking. In this study, Dirk Johnson challenges that assumption and takes seriously Nietzsche's own explicitly stated 'anti-Darwinism'. He argues for the importance of Darwin for the development of Nietzsche's philosophy, but he places emphasis on the antagonistic character of their relationship and suggests that Nietzsche's mature critique against Darwin represents the key to understanding his (...)
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  27.  26
    Facts and Possibilities: A Model‐Based Theory of Sentential Reasoning.Sangeet S. Khemlani, Ruth M. J. Byrne & Philip N. Johnson‐Laird - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (6):1887-1924.
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  28. Review: Michael R. Garey, David S. Johnson, Computers and Intractability. A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness. [REVIEW]Harry R. Lewis - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (2):498-500.
  29.  19
    Rules and Illusions: A Critical Study of Rips's the Psychology of Proof. [REVIEW]Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7 (3):387-407.
  30.  32
    Naive Probability: Model‐Based Estimates of Unique Events.Sangeet S. Khemlani, Max Lotstein & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (6):1216-1258.
    We describe a dual-process theory of how individuals estimate the probabilities of unique events, such as Hillary Clinton becoming U.S. President. It postulates that uncertainty is a guide to improbability. In its computer implementation, an intuitive system 1 simulates evidence in mental models and forms analog non-numerical representations of the magnitude of degrees of belief. This system has minimal computational power and combines evidence using a small repertoire of primitive operations. It resolves the uncertainty of divergent evidence for single events, (...)
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  31. Ethics in the Confucian Tradition: The Thought of Mencius and Wang Yangming.Philip J. Ivanhoe, David S. Nivison, Bryan W. Van Norden, R. P. Peerenboom & Henry Rosemont - 2000 - Journal of Religious Ethics 28 (3):449-470.
    Scholars of early Chinese philosophy frequently point to the nontranscendent, organismic conception of the cosmos in early China as the source of China's unique perspective and distinctive values. One would expect recent works in Confucian ethics to capitalize on this idea. Reviewing recent works in Confucian ethics by P. J. Ivanhoe, David Nivison, R. P. Peerenboom, Henry Rosemont, and Tu Wei-Ming, the author analyzes these new studies in terms of the extent to which their representation of Confucian ethics reflects and (...)
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  32. Computers and Intractability. A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness.Michael R. Garey & David S. Johnson - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (2):498-500.
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  33.  7
    R. S. V. P.Laurie Johnson - 2000 - Paragraph 23 (2):157-172.
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  34.  8
    Review: R. S. Pierce, A Note on Free Algebras. [REVIEW]Philip Dwinger - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (1):125-125.
  35. Review: R. S. Pierce, A Note on Free Products of Abstract Algebras. [REVIEW]Philip Dwinger - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (1):125-126.
  36.  14
    R. S. Pierce. A Note on Free Algebras. Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 14 , Pp. 845–846.Philip Dwinger - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (1):125.
  37.  5
    Constructivism and Evidence From Children's Ideas.Philip Johnson & Richard Gott - 1996 - Science Education 80 (5):561-577.
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  38.  67
    Corporate Ethics Practices in the Mid-1990's: An Empirical Study of the Fortune 1000. [REVIEW]Gary R. Weaver, Linda Klebe Treviño & Philip L. Cochran - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 18 (3):283 - 294.
    This empirical study of Fortune 1000 firms assesses the degree to which those firms have adopted various practices associated with corporate ethics programs. The study examines the following aspects of formalized corporate ethics activity: ethics-oriented policy statements; formalization of management responsibilities for ethics; free-standing ethics offices; ethics and compliance telephone reporting/advice systems; top management and departmental involvement in ethics activities; usage of ethics training and other ethics awareness activities; investigatory functions; and evaluation of ethics program activities. Results show a high (...)
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  39.  8
    Commentary On: Philip Rose's "Compromise as Deep Virtue: Evolution and Some Limits of Argumentation".William R. Minto - 2013 - Virtues of Argumentation. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation (OSSA).
  40.  7
    A Reply to Mr. Johnson.R. S. Crane - 1953 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 12 (2):257-267.
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  41.  3
    Science as Heuristic Search: Some Comments on Simon 's Theory.Philip Johnson‐Laird & Paolo Legrenzi - 1992 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 6 (1):35 – 39.
  42.  4
    Studies in Roman Economic and Social History in Honor of Allen Chester Johnson.R. S. Rogers - 1952 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 46:41.
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  43.  4
    Studies in Roman Economic and Social History in Honor of Allen Chester Johnson.R. S. Rogers - 1952 - Classical Weekly 46:41.
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  44. Levelt, WJM, B25.M. Brysbaert, W. Fias, R. Frank, S. A. Gelman, R. J. Gerrig, F. Gobet, G. Gutheil, R. Hamel, W. S. Horton & E. C. Johnson - 1998 - Cognition 66:309.
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  45. Evans, J. St. BT, 165.V. Girotto, D. Osherson, R. de OverHastie, N. Pennington, S. Iwasaki, P. N. Johnson-Laird, J. Klayman, P. Legrenzi & E. Shafir - 1993 - Cognition 49:299.
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  46.  40
    Strategies in Temporal Reasoning.Walter Schaeken & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2000 - Thinking and Reasoning 6 (3):193 – 219.
    This paper reports three studies of temporal reasoning. A problem of the following sort, where the letters denote common everyday events: A happens before B. C happens before B. D happens while B. E happens while C. What is the relation between D and EEfficacylls for at least two alternative models to be constructed in order to give the right answer for the right reason. However, the first premise is irrelevant to this answer, and so if reasoners were to ignore (...)
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  47.  7
    Increased Alpha-Band Power During the Retention of Shapes and Shape-Location Associations in Visual Short-Term Memory.Jeffrey S. Johnson, David W. Sutterer, Daniel J. Acheson, Jarrod A. Lewis-Peacock & Bradley R. Postle - 2011 - Frontiers in Psychology 2.
  48.  23
    Liberty and Nature: The Missing Link.Gregory R. Johnson - 1999 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 1 (1):135 - 166.
    GREGORY R. JOHNSON examines the link between Ayn Rand's ethics, which can be broadly characterized as Aristotelian, and her political philosophy, which can be broadly characterized as classical liberalism of the Lockean, natural rights variety. He maintains that Rand's argument for classical liberalism on the basis of the objectivity of values fails because of a reductionistic and excessively intellectualistic conception of human nature. In addition to discussing Rand's arguments, he surveys the Rand-influenced work of Douglas B. Rasmussen and Douglas (...)
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  49.  18
    The Astronomical Horizon. By Sir James Jeans, O.M., F.R.S. The Philip Maurice Deneke Lecture, 1944. (Oxford University Press. 1945, Pp. 23. Price 2s. 6d. Net.). [REVIEW]Herbert Dingle - 1946 - Philosophy 21 (79):181-.
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  50.  25
    The Ambiguous Terrain of Petkeeping in Children's Realistic Animal Stories.Kathleen R. Johnson - 1996 - Society and Animals 4 (1):1-17.
    A content analysis of 48 children's realistic animal stories shows an emphasis on pets and petkeeping that can both challenge and support traditional human-animal boundaries. The genre's sympathetic portrayal of pet animals and the condemnation of theirmistreatment invite the reader to challenge such boundaries. Yet the genre's stereotypical portrayal of these animals also constrains our conceptualization of the human-animal bond. The author discusses these and other narrative elements which render this form of popular culture ambiguous terrain for negotiating an ethic (...)
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