Results for 'Philipp Balzer'

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Philipp Balzer
University of Zürich
  1. Two Concepts of Dignity for Humans and Non-Human Organisms in the Context of Genetic Engineering.Philipp Balzer, Klaus Peter Rippe & Peter Schaber - 2000 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (1):7-27.
    The 1992 incorporation of an article by referendum in the SwissConstitution mandating that the federal government issue regulations onthe use of genetic material that take into account the dignity ofnonhuman organism raises philosophical questions about how we shouldunderstand what is meant by ``the dignity of nonhuman animals,'' andabout what sort of moral demands arise from recognizing this dignitywith respect to their genetic engineering. The first step in determiningwhat is meant is to clarify the difference between dignity when appliedto humans and (...)
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  2.  74
    Genetic Engineering and the Moral Status of Non-Human Species.Anders Melin - 2004 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (6):479-495.
    Genetic modification leads to several important moral issues. Up until now they have mainly been discussed from the viewpoint that only individual living beings, above all animals, are morally considerable. The standpoint that also collective entities such as species belong to the moral sphere have seldom been taken into account in a more thorough way, although it is advocated by several important environmental ethicists. The main purpose of this article is to analyze in more detail than often has been done (...)
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  3.  35
    The Good Life of Creatures with Dignity Some Comments on the Swiss Expert Opinion.Frans W. A. Brom - 2000 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (1):53-63.
    The notion of Dignity of Creatures has been voted into the Swiss Federal Constitution by a plebiscite. Philipp Balzer, Klaus-Peter Rippe, and Peter Schaber have given an expert opinion for the Swiss government to clarify the notion of Dignity of Creatures. According to them, by voting this notion into the Swiss constitution, the Swiss have chosen for a limited biocentric approach towards biotechnology. In such an approach genetic engineering of non-human beings is only allowed insofar that their own (...)
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  4. An Architectonic for Science the Structuralist Program.Wolfgang Balzer, Carles Ulises Moulines & Joseph D. Sneed - 1987
  5.  55
    Generalized Net Structures of Empirical Theories. I.Wolfgang Balzer & Joseph D. Sneed - 1977 - Studia Logica 36 (3):195 - 211.
  6.  53
    Paradoxical Consequences of Balzer's and Gähde's Criteria of Theoreticity. Results of an Application to ten Scientific Theories.Gerhard Schurz - 1990 - Erkenntnis 32 (2):161 - 214.
    It is shown that the criteria of T-theoreticity proposed by Balzer and Gähde lead to strongly counterintuitive and in this sense paradoxical results: most of the obviously empirical or at least nontheoretical terms come out as theoretical. This is demonstrated for a lot of theories in different areas. On the way, some improved and some new structuralist theory-reconstructions are given. The conclusion is drawn that the T-theoreticity of a term cannot possibly be proved on the basis of the mathematical (...)
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  7.  64
    The Logical Structure of Classical Genetics.Wolfgang Balzer & Pablo Lorenzano - 2000 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 31 (2):243-266.
    We present a reconstruction of so-called classical, formal or Mendelian genetics using a notation which we believe is more legible than that of earlier accounts, and lends itself easily to computer implementation, for instance in PROLOG. By drawing from, and emending, earlier work of Balzer and Dawe (1986,1997), the present account presents the three most important lines of development of classical genetics: the so-called Mendel's laws, linkage genetics and gene mapping, in the form of a theory-net. This shows that (...)
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  8. Structure and Comparison of Genetic Theories: (2) the Reduction of Character-Factor Genetics to Molecular Genetics.W. Balzer & C. M. Dawe - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (2):177-191.
    The present paper has two aims. First, we reconstruct the core of molecular genetics (MOLGEN) i.e. the array of theoretical assumptions which underly all or most applications of molecular genetics. Second, we define a reduction relation p reducing character-factor genetics (CFG) to MOLGEN. That p is a reduction relation is proved by establishing that p satisfies the two major conditions which are discussed in the literature as necessary or ‘essential’ for reduction. This substantiates the claim that molecular genetics is ‘better (...)
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  9.  68
    On Theoreticity.Wolfgang Balzer & C. Ulises Moulines - 1980 - Synthese 44 (3):467 - 494.
  10.  76
    Collective Acceptance and Collective Social Notions.Raimo Tuomela & Wolfgang Balzer - 1998 - Synthese 117 (2):175-205.
  11. François Stoll Philipp Notter.Philipp Notter - 2000 - In Walter J. Perrig & Alexander Grob (eds.), Control of Human Behavior, Mental Processes, and Consciousness: Essays in Honor of the 60th Birthday of August Flammer. Erlbaum. pp. 466.
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  12.  14
    Empirical net structures of empirical theories.W. Balzer - 1977 - Studia Logica 36:195.
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  13. Structure and Comparison of Genetic Theories: (I) Classical Genetics.W. Balzer & C. M. Dawe - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (1):55-69.
  14.  51
    Generalized Net Structures of Empirical Theories. II.Wolfgang Balzer & Joseph D. Sneed - 1978 - Studia Logica 37 (2):167 - 194.
  15.  29
    A Logical Reconstruction of Pure Exchange Economics.W. Balzer - 1982 - Erkenntnis 17 (1):23 - 46.
  16.  43
    A Model for Science Kinematics.Wolfgang Balzer, Bernhard Lauth & Gerhard Zoubek - 1993 - Studia Logica 52 (4):519 - 548.
    A comprehensive model for describing various forms of developments in science is defined in precise, set-theoretic terms, and in the spirit of the structuralist approach in the philosophy of science. The model emends previous accounts in centering on single systems in a homogenous way, eliminating notions which essentially refer to sets of systems. This is achieved by eliminating the distinction between theoretical and non-theoretical terms as a primitive, and by introducing the notion of intended links. The force of the model (...)
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  17. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science in Honor of Philipp Frank Proceedings of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science, 1962-1964.Philipp Frank, Marx W. Wartofsky & R. S. Cohen - 1965
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  18. Ethik der Lebensfelder: Festschrift für Philipp Schmitz Sj.Philipp Schmitz & Paul Chummar C. (eds.) - 2010 - Herder.
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  19.  12
    On a New Definition of Theoreticity.Wolfgang Balzer - 1985 - Dialectica 39 (2):127-145.
    SummaryA simple and precise definition is offered of “term t of theory T being T‐theoretical” which can be applied to any formalized theory. The definition is in line with and emends traditional accounts of theoreticity. Its adequacy is demonstrated by application to three examples: exchange economics, classical mechanics and collision mechanics.
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  20.  44
    Theoretical Terms: A New Perspective.Wolfgang Balzer - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (2):71-90.
  21. Die Wissenschaft und ihre Methoden. Grundsätze der Wissenschaftstheorie.Wolfgang Balzer - 2000 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 31 (1):179-186.
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  22.  44
    Klassische Stoßmechanik.Wolfgang Balzer & Felix Mühlhölzer - 1982 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 13 (1):22-39.
    Mit der vorliegenden Arbeit verfolgen wir drei Ziele. Erstens exemplifizieren wir einige wissenschaftstheoretische Fragen und die zugehörigen Antworten am sehr einfachen Beispiel der klassischen Stoßmechanik. Zweitens läßt sich an diesem Beispiel besonders klar der Begriff des Meßmodells darstellen; insbesondere erhalten wir eine vollständige Übersicht über alle Meßmodelle. Und drittens erhalten wir ein schönes Beispiel für den Begriff der Reduktion einer Theorie auf eine andere, denn die Stoßmechanik läßt sich auf einfache Weise auf eine Spezialisierung der Klassischen Partikelmechanik reduzieren.
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  23.  58
    A Static Theory of Reference in Science.W. Balzer, B. Lauth & G. Zoubek - 1989 - Synthese 79 (3):319 - 360.
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  24.  27
    On the Status of Arithmetic.W. Balzer - 1979 - Erkenntnis 14 (1):57 - 85.
  25.  13
    On Balzer's Small Set Solution to Russell's Paradox.Michael S. Pollanen - 1993 - Journal of Value Inquiry 27 (3-4):541-541.
    The objective of this paper is to show that Russell's paradox cannot be solved just by defining a class as what is classified, as Balzer thinks. It can be solved not by defining a class, as he does, but by rejecting the assumption on which the validity of argument is based, that is, not conceding the truth of the disjunctive premise that a class is either an instance of itself or not an instance of itself.
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  26. The Validation of Scientific Theories. Edited with an Introduction by Philipp Frank.Philipp Frank (ed.) - 1961 - Collier Books.
  27. Reviewing the Business Case for Corporate Social Responsibility: New Evidence and Analysis. [REVIEW]Philipp Schreck - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (2):167-188.
    This study complements previous empirical research on the business case for corporate social responsibility (CSR) by employing hitherto unused data on corporate social performance (CSP) and proposing statistical analyses to account for bi-directional causality between social and financial performance. By allowing for differences in the importance of single components of CSP between industries, the data in this study overcome certain limitations of the databases used in earlier studies. The econometrics employed offer a rigorous way of addressing the problem of endogeneity (...)
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  28.  60
    The Neural Bases of Multistable Perception.Philipp Sterzer, Andreas Kleinschmidt & Geraint Rees - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (7):310-318.
  29.  67
    Methodological Patterns in a Structuralist Setting.Wolfgang Balzer - 2002 - Synthese 130 (1):49 - 68.
    A new approach to analyze scientific methods as patternsof state transitions is proposed and exemplified by the two mostimportant, general methods: induction and deduction. Though only`local' states of science are considered in this paper, includinghypotheses, data, approximation and degree of fit, the approach caneasily be extended to more comprehensive kinds of states. Two `pure'forms of induction are distinguished, enumerative and hypothesisconstruction induction. A combination of these two forms is proposedto yield a more adequate picture of induction. While the pure forms (...)
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  30. Philipp Frank’s Austro-American Logical Empiricism.Thomas Mormann - 2017 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 7 (1): 56 - 86.
    The aim of this paper is to discuss the “Austro-American” logical empiricism proposed by physicist and philosopher Philipp Frank, particularly his interpretation of Carnap’s Aufbau, which he considered the charter of logical empiricism as a scientific world conception. According to Frank, the Aufbau was to be read as an integration of the ideas of Mach and Poincaré, leading eventually to a pragmatism quite similar to that of the American pragmatist William James. Relying on this peculiar interpretation, Frank intended to (...)
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  31.  32
    The Logic of Implication.Noel Balzer - 1990 - Journal of Value Inquiry 24 (4):253-268.
    The principles that AN INSTANCE OF A CLASS IS THE CLASS and A CLASS IS AN INSTANCE OF ITSELF allow for the so called LAWS OF THOUGHTIDENTITY - WHAT IS, IS.CONTRADICTION - NOTHING BOTH IS and IS NOT.EXCLUDED MIDDLE - EVERYTHING IS or IS NOT.and allow us to adopt a bivalent system. Everything essential for primary logic is provided.Though this is not the place to discuss it, it should be noted that the development of general logic with its current theories (...)
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  32.  34
    The Effects of Closed-Loop Medical Devices on the Autonomy and Accountability of Persons and Systems.Philipp Kellmeyer, Thomas Cochrane, Oliver Müller, Christine Mitchell, Tonio Ball, Joseph J. Fins & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2016 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 25 (4):623-633.
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  33.  21
    Structuralist Knowledge Representation: Paradigmatic Examples.P. Lorenzano, W. Balzer, C. U. Moulines & J. Sneed - 2000 - In Joseph D. Sneed, Wolfgang Balzer & C.-U. Moulines (eds.), Structuralist Knowledge Representation: Paradigmatic Examples. Rodopi.
    Contents: Foreword. Wolfgang BALZER and C. ULISES MOULINES: Introduction. José A. DÍEZ CALZADA: Structuralist Analysis of Theories of Fundamental Measurement. Adolfo GARCÍA DE LA SIENRA and Pedro REYES: The Theory of Finite Games in Extensive Form. Hans Joachim BURSCHEID und Horst STRUVE: The Theory of Stochastic Fairness - its Historical Development, Formulation and Justification. Wolfgang BALZER and Richard MATTESSICH: Formalizing the Basis of Accounting. Werner DIEDERICH: A Reconstruction of Marxian Economics. Bert HAMMINGA and Wolfgang BALZER: The Basic (...)
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  34.  20
    Exploration, Novelty, Surprise, and Free Energy Minimization.Philipp Schwartenbeck, Thomas FitzGerald, Raymond J. Dolan & Karl Friston - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  35.  65
    Towards a Phenomenological Conception of Experiential Justification.Philipp Berghofer - 2020 - Synthese 197 (1):155-183.
    The aim of this paper is to shed light on and develop what I call a phenomenological conception of experiential justification. According to this phenomenological conception, certain experiences gain their justificatory force from their distinctive phenomenology. Such an approach closely connects epistemology and philosophy of mind and has recently been proposed by several authors, most notably by Elijah Chudnoff, Ole Koksvik, and James Pryor. At the present time, however, there is no work that contrasts these different versions of PCEJ. This (...)
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  36.  42
    Husserl’s Conception of Experiential Justification: What It Is and Why It Matters.Philipp Berghofer - 2018 - Husserl Studies 34 (2):145-170.
    The aim of this paper is twofold. The first is an interpretative one as I wish to provide a detailed account of Husserl’s conception of experiential justification. Here Ideas I and Introduction to Logic and Theory of Knowledge: Lectures 1906/07 will be my main resources. My second aim is to demonstrate the currency and relevance of Husserl’s conception. This means two things: Firstly, I will show that in current debates in analytic epistemology there is a movement sharing with Husserl the (...)
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  37.  6
    Theoretical Terms.Wolfgang Balzer - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (2):71-90.
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  38.  32
    The Structure of Daltonian Stoichiometry.W. Balzer, C. -U. Moulines & J. D. Sneed - 1987 - Erkenntnis 26 (1):103 - 127.
  39.  31
    Theory and Measurement.W. Balzer - 1983 - Erkenntnis 19 (1-3):2 - 25.
  40.  45
    On Electrons and Reference.W. Balzer & G. Zoubek - 1987 - Theoria 2 (2):365-388.
  41.  48
    Aristotle on Kind‐Crossing.Philipp Steinkrüger - 2018 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 54:107-158.
    This paper concerns Aristotle's kind‐crossing prohibition. My aim is twofold. I argue that the traditional accounts of the prohibition are subject to serious internal difficulties and should be questioned. According to these accounts, Aristotle's prohibition is based on the individuation of scientific disciplines and the general kind that a discipline is about, and it says that scientific demonstrations must not cross from one discipline, and corresponding kind, to another. I propose a very different account of the prohibition. The prohibition is (...)
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  42.  31
    Peter Lombard.Philipp W. Rosemann - 2004 - Oup Usa.
    Peter Lombard is best known as the author of a celebrated work entitled Book of Sentences, which for several centuries served as the standard theological textbook in the Christian West. It was the subject of more commentaries than any other work of Christian literature besides the Bible itself. The Book of Sentences is essentially a compilation of older sources, from the Scriptures and Augustine down to several of the Lombard's contemporaries, such as Hugh of Saint Victor and Peter Abelard. Its (...)
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  43.  36
    Einheitswissenschaft. Schriften herausgegeben von Otto Neurath in Verbindung mit Rudolf Carnap, Philipp Frank, Hans Hahn.Otto Neurath, Rudolf Carnap, Philipp Frank & Hans Hahn - 1935 - Erkenntnis 5 (1):371-374.
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  44. Künstliche Gesellschaften.Wolfgang Balzer, Karl R. Brendel & Solveig Hofmann - 2008 - Facta Philosophica 10 (1):3-24.
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  45.  42
    Scientific Processes and Social Processes.Wolfgang Balzer & Klaus Manhart - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S8):1393-1412.
    We clarify the notions scientific process and social process with structuralist means. Three questions are formulated, and answered in the structuralistic, set-theoretic framework. What is a scientific process, and a process in science? What can be meant by a non-social process? In which sense a non-social process can be a part of a scientific process in social science? We are specifically interested in social processes. Our answers use the notion of the generalized subset relation applied to set-theoretical structures, and the (...)
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  46.  52
    A Reconstruction of the Hippocratic Humoral Theory of Health.W. Balzer & A. Eleftheriadis - 1991 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 22 (2):207-227.
    Summary The model underlying the hippocratic humoral theory, as well as the corresponding part of hippocratic aetiology is reconstructed in precise, structuralist terms. Stress is laid on the presentation of the model, historical and philological derivations are suppressed. The global net structure of humoral theory in which the different diseases are described as specializations of the basic model is worked out, and the particular metatheoretical features of ‘therapeutical’ theories, as contrasted to ‘descriptive’ theories, are exemplified and stated in general.
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  47.  52
    Incommensurability, Reduction, and Translation.W. Balzer - 1985 - Erkenntnis 23 (3):255 - 267.
  48.  10
    Über Quines Beobachtungssätze.W. Balzer - 1981 - Kant-Studien 72 (1-4):336-355.
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  49.  36
    Why Husserl is a Moderate Foundationalist.Philipp Berghofer - 2018 - Husserl Studies 34 (1):1-23.
    Foundationalism and coherentism are two fundamentally opposed basic epistemological views about the structure of justification. Interestingly enough, there is no consensus on how to interpret Husserl. While interpreting Husserl as a foundationalist was the standard view in early Husserl scholarship, things have changed considerably as prominent commentators like Christian Beyer, John Drummond, Dagfinn Føllesdal, and Dan Zahavi have challenged this foundationalist interpretation. These anti-foundationalist interpretations have again been challenged, for instance, by Walter Hopp and Christian Erhard. One might suspect that (...)
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  50.  34
    Some Ethical Dilemmas of Modern Banking.Philipp Bagus & David Howden - 2013 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 22 (3):235-245.
    How ethical have recent banking practices been? We answer this question via an economic analysis. We assess the two dominant practices of the modern banking system – fractional reserves and maturity transformation – by gauging the respective rights of the relevant parties. By distinguishing the legal and economic differences between deposit and loan contracts, we determine that the practice of maturity transformation (in its various guises) is not only ethical but also serves a positive social function. The foundation of the (...)
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