Results for 'Philipp E. Koralus'

997 found
Order:
  1. Is Morality Unified? Evidence that Distinct Neural Systems Underlie Moral Judgments of Harm, Dishonesty, and Disgust.Carolyn Parkinson, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Philipp E. Koralus, Angela Mendelovici, Victoria McGeer & Thalia Wheatley - 2011 - Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 23 (10):3162-3180.
    Much recent research has sought to uncover the neural basis of moral judgment. However, it has remained unclear whether "moral judgments" are sufficiently homogenous to be studied scientifically as a unified category. We tested this assumption by using fMRI to examine the neural correlates of moral judgments within three moral areas: (physical) harm, dishonesty, and (sexual) disgust. We found that the judgment ofmoral wrongness was subserved by distinct neural systems for each of the different moral areas and that these differences (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  2.  12
    Psychological Contract Violation or Basic Need Frustration? Psychological Mechanisms Behind the Effects of Workplace Bullying.Philipp E. Sischka, André Melzer, Alexander F. Schmidt & Georges Steffgen - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Workplace bullying is a phenomenon that can have serious detrimental effects on health, work-related attitudes, and the behavior of the target. Particularly, workplace bullying exposure has been linked to lower level of general well-being, job satisfaction, vigor, and performance and higher level of burnout, workplace deviance, and turnover intentions. However, the psychological mechanisms behind these relations are still not well-understood. Drawing on psychological contract and self-determination theory (SDT), we hypothesized that perceptions of contract violation and the frustration of basic needs (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3.  11
    Monty Hall three door ’anomaly’ revisited: a note on deferment in an extensive form game.Philipp E. Otto - 2021 - Mind and Society 21 (1):25-35.
    The Monty Hall game is one of the most discussed decision problems, but where a convincing behavioral explanation of the systematic deviations from probability theory is still lacking. Most people not changing their initial choice, when this is beneficial under information updating, demands further explanation. Not only trust and the incentive of interestingly prolonging the game for the audience can explain this kind of behavior, but the strategic setting can be modeled more sophisticatedly. When aiming to increase the odds of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  20
    Criticism of trepidation models and advocacy of uniform precession in medieval Latin astronomy.C. Philipp E. Nothaft - 2017 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 71 (3):211-244.
    A characteristic hallmark of medieval astronomy is the replacement of Ptolemy’s linear precession with so-called models of trepidation, which were deemed necessary to account for divergences between parameters and data transmitted by Ptolemy and those found by later astronomers. Trepidation is commonly thought to have dominated European astronomy from the twelfth century to the Copernican Revolution, meeting its demise only in the last quarter of the sixteenth century thanks to the observational work of Tycho Brahe. The present article seeks to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  5.  15
    Henry Bate’s Tabule Machlinenses: the earliest astronomical tables by a Latin author.C. Philipp E. Nothaft - 2018 - Annals of Science 75 (4):275-303.
    ABSTRACTThe known works of the medieval astronomer/astrologer Henry Bate include a set of planetary mean motion tables for the meridian of his Flemish hometown Mechelen. These tables survive in three manuscripts representing two significantly different recensions, but have never been examined for their principles of construction or underlying parameters. Such analysis reveals that Bate employed an unusual value for the length of the tropical year, which was probably derived by comparing ancient and contemporary observations of the vernal equinox. In addition, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  6. L'univers non dimensionnel et la vie qualitative.Philippe Fauré-frémiet & E. Bréhier - 1950 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 55 (1):99-100.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  7
    An Alfonsine universe: Nicolò Conti and Georg Peurbach on the threefold motion of the fixed stars.C. Philipp E. Nothaft - 2019 - Centaurus 61 (1-2):91-110.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8.  8
    John Holbroke, the Tables of Cambridge, and the “true length of the year”: a forgotten episode in fifteenth-century astronomy.C. Philipp E. Nothaft - 2018 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 72 (1):63-88.
    This article examines an unstudied set of astronomical tables for the meridian of Cambridge, also known as the Opus secundum, which the English theologian and astronomer John Holbroke, Master of Peterhouse, composed in 1433. These tables stand out from other late medieval adaptations of the Alfonsine Tables in using a different set of parameters for planetary mean motions, which Holbroke can be shown to have derived from a tropical year of $$365\frac{1}{4} - \frac{1}{132}$$ 36514-1132 or $$365.\overline{24}$$ 365.24¯ days. Implicit in (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  14
    Geographic longitude in Latin Europe during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.C. Philipp E. Nothaft - 2024 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 78 (1):29-65.
    This article surveys surviving evidence for the determination of geographic longitude in Latin Europe in the period between 1100 and 1300. Special consideration is given to the different types of sources that preserve longitude estimates as well as to the techniques that were used in establishing them. While the method of inferring longitude differences from eclipse times was evidently in use as early as the mid-twelfth century, it remains doubtful that it can account for most of the preserved longitudes. An (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  25
    A Fourteenth-Century Scholastic Dispute on Astrological Interrogations.C. Philipp E. Nothaft - 2021 - Vivarium 59 (3):241-285.
    This article examines and edits an anonymous text from the late 1330s, which was written to refute the arguments presented in a lost quaestio disputata by an unknown Parisian philosopher. At the heart of this scholastic dispute was the question whether the astrological branch known as interrogations was an effective and legitimate means of predicting the future. The philosopher’s negative answers to this question as well as the rebuttals preserved in our anonymous text offer valuable new insights into the debate (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  11
    Guillaume des Moustiers’ treatise on the armillary instrument (1264) and the practice of astronomical observation in medieval Europe.C. Philipp E. Nothaft - 2021 - Annals of Science 78 (4):401-417.
    ABSTRACT This article is devoted to a thirteenth-century Latin text on how to construct, set up, and use a version of the so-called armillary instrument (instrumentum armillarum), which was first described in Ptolemy’s Almagest as a tool for measuring ecliptic coordinates. Written in 1264 by Guillaume des Moustiers, bishop of Laon, this hitherto unstudied Tractatus super armillas survives in a single manuscript, where it is accompanied by a copious set of glosses. The text and its glosses jointly offer an unusually (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  20
    Glorious Science or “Dead Dog”? Jean de Jandun and the Quarrel over Astrology in Fourteenth-Century Paris.C. Philipp E. Nothaft - 2019 - Vivarium 57 (1-2):51-101.
    This article edits and examines a little-known epistolary treatise datable to 1322, which survives in a fifteenth-century manuscript in the Herzog-August-Bibliothek, Wolfenbüttel. The author of this work was engaged in a heated argument with the Parisian philosopher Jean de Jandun over the status and rationality of astrology. Jean’s pro-astrological stance is documented in a letter dated 28 October 1321, which survives for having been appended to the main treatise. In responding to Jean de Jandun’s letter, the author delivered a trenchant (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  6
    Measurements of altitude and geographic latitude in Latin astronomy, 1100–1300.C. Philipp E. Nothaft - 2023 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 77 (6):537-577.
    This article surveys measurements of celestial (chiefly solar) altitudes documented from twelfth- and thirteenth-century Latin Europe. It consists of four main parts providing (i) an overview of the instruments available for altitude measurements and described in contemporary sources, viz. astrolabes, quadrants, shadow sticks, and the torquetum; (ii) a survey of the role played by altitude measurements in the determination of geographic latitude, which takes into account more than 70 preserved estimates; (iii) case studies of four sets of measured solar altitudes (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  24
    Zaccaria Lilio and the shape of the earth: A brief response to Allegro’s “Flat earth science”.C. Philipp E. Nothaft - 2017 - History of Science 55 (4):490-498.
    This is a response to James J. Allegro’s article “The Bottom of the Universe: Flat Earth Science in the Age of Encounter,” published in Volume 55, Number 1, of this journal. Against the solid consensus of modern scholars, Allegro contends that the decades around 1500 saw a resurgence of popular and learned doubts about the existence of a southern hemisphere and the concept of a spherical earth more generally. It can be shown that a substantial part of Allegro’s argument rests (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  21
    L'apogée de la science technique grecque. Les sciences de la nature et de l'homme, les mathématiques d'Hippocrate à PlatonAbel Rey.Philippe E. Le Corbeiller - 1949 - Isis 40 (1):70-71.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. Symposium on P. Koralus, "The Erotetic Theory of Attention".Philipp Koralus, Felipe De Brigard, Christopher Mole, Catherine Stinson & Sebastian Watzl - 2014 - Mind and Language Symposia at the Brains Blog.
  17. The Erotetic Theory of Attention: Questions, Focus and Distraction.Philipp Koralus - 2014 - Mind and Language 29 (1):26-50.
    Attention has a role in much of perception, thought, and action. On the erotetic theory, the functional role of attention is a matter of the relationship between questions and what counts as answers to those questions. Questions encode the completion conditions of tasks for cognitive control purposes, and degrees of attention are degrees of sensitivity to the occurrence of answers. Questions and answers are representational contents given precise characterizations using tools from formal semantics, though attention does not depend on language. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  18. The erotetic theory of reasoning: Bridges between formal semantics and the psychology of deductive inference.Philipp Koralus & Salvador Mascarenhas - 2013 - Philosophical Perspectives 27 (1):312-365.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  19.  12
    José Chabás. Computational Astronomy in the Middle Ages: Sets of Astronomical Tables in Latin. (Estudios sobre la Ciencia, 72.) 456 pp., illus., bibl., index. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 2019. €42.31 (cloth); ISBN 9788400105587. E-book available. [REVIEW]C. Philipp E. Nothaft - 2020 - Isis 111 (4):870-871.
  20. Descriptions, ambiguity, and representationalist theories of interpretation.Philipp Koralus - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 162 (2):275-290.
    Abstract Theories of descriptions tend to involve commitments about the ambiguity of descriptions. For example, sentences containing descriptions are widely taken to be ambiguous between de re , de dicto , and intermediate interpretations and are sometimes thought to be ambiguous between the former and directly referential interpretations. I provide arguments to suggest that none of these interpretations are due to ambiguities (or indexicality). On the other hand, I argue that descriptions are ambiguous between the above family of interpretations and (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  21.  12
    Alfred Lohr, Der Computus Gerlandi: Edition, Übersetzung und Erläuterungen. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 2013. Paper. Pp. 493; many tables and 1 CD-ROM. €74. ISBN: 978-3-515-10468-5. [REVIEW]C. Philipp E. Nothaft - 2017 - Speculum 92 (2):550-551.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  10
    Johannes Kepler. Vom wahren Geburtsjahr Christi. Translated by Otto Schönberger and Eva Schönberger. 187 pp., bibl. Rahden: Verlag Marie Leidorf, 2016. €34.80. [REVIEW]C. Philipp E. Nothaft - 2017 - Isis 108 (2):447-448.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Reasons-based moral judgment and the erotetic theory.Philipp Koralus & Mark Alfano - 2017 - In Jean-François Bonnefon & Bastien Trémolière (eds.), Moral Inference. New York, NY: Psychology Press.
    We argue that moral decision making is reasons-based, focusing on the idea that people encounter decisions as questions to be answered and that they process reasons to the extent that they can see them as putative answers to those questions. After introducing our topic, we sketch the erotetic reasons-based framework for decision making. We then describe three experiments that extend this framework to moral decision making in different question frames, cast doubt on theories of moral decision making that discount reasons (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  24.  68
    Attention, consciousness, and the semantics of questions.Philipp Koralus - 2014 - Synthese 191 (2):187-211.
    Attention influences the character of conscious perceptual experience in intricate and surprising ways, including our experience of contrast, space, and time. These patterns of influence have been argued to cause trouble for the attractive thesis that differences in the character of conscious experience flow from differences in what we represent. I present a novel theory of the functional role of attention that has the resources for a systematic representationalist account of these phenomena. On the erotetic theory of attention, we bring (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  25. Illusory inferences in a question-based theory of reasoning.Philipp Koralus & Salvador Mascarenhas - 2018 - In Ken Turner & Laurence R. Horn (eds.), Pragmatics, truth and underspecification: towards an atlas of meaning. Boston: Brill.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26.  73
    Illusory inferences with quantifiers.Salvador Mascarenhas & Philipp Koralus - 2017 - Thinking and Reasoning 23 (1):33-48.
    The psychological study of reasoning with quantifiers has predominantly focused on inference patterns studied by Aristotle about two millennia ago. Modern logic has shown a wealth of inference patterns involving quantifiers that are far beyond the expressive power of Aristotelian syllogisms, and whose psychology should be explored. We bring to light a novel class of fallacious inference patterns, some of which are so attractive that they are tantamount to cognitive illusions. In tandem with recent insights from linguistics that quantifiers like (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  27. The Open Instruction Theory of Attitude Reports and the Pragmatics of Answers.Philipp Koralus - 2012 - Philosophers' Imprint 12:1-29.
    Reports on beliefs, desires, and other attitudes continue to raise foundational questions about linguistic meaning and the pragmatics of utterance interpretation. There is a strong intuition that an attitude report like ‘John believes that Mary smokes’ can simply convey the singular proposition that the individual Mary is believed by John to have the property of smoking. Yet, there is also a strong intuition that ‘Lois believes that Superman can fly’ can additionally convey how an individual is represented . Cases of (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  28. A commitment-theoretic account of Moore's Paradox.Philipp Koralus & Salvador Mascarenhas - 2018 - In Ken Turner & Laurence R. Horn (eds.), Pragmatics, truth and underspecification: towards an atlas of meaning. Boston: Brill.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  58
    Can visual cognitive neuroscience learn anything from the philosophy of language? Ambiguity and the topology of neural network models of multistable perception.Philipp Koralus - 2016 - Synthese 193 (5):1409-1432.
    The Necker cube and the productive class of related stimuli involving multiple depth interpretations driven by corner-like line junctions are often taken to be ambiguous. This idea is normally taken to be as little in need of defense as the claim that the Necker cube gives rise to multiple distinct percepts. In the philosophy of language, it is taken to be a substantive question whether a stimulus that affords multiple interpretations is a case of ambiguity. If we take into account (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  14
    Reason and Inquiry: The Erotetic Theory.Philipp Koralus - 2022 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    This book presents a unified theory of the human capacity for reasoning and decision-making. The erotetic theory accounts for a diverse range of empirically documented fallacies and framing effects and shows how the same mental processes that yield fallacies can yield what logicians call first-order validity and probabilistic coherence in reasoning, as well as rational decision-making as conceived by economists. The central idea is that our minds naturally aim at resolving issues, and if we are sufficiently inquisitive in the process, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  3
    Skin aging: Dermal adipocytes metabolically reprogram dermal fibroblasts.Ilja L. Kruglikov, Zhuzhen Zhang & Philipp E. Scherer - 2022 - Bioessays 44 (1):2100207.
    Emerging data connects the aging process in dermal fibroblasts with metabolic reprogramming, provided by enhanced fatty acid oxidation and reduced glycolysis. This switch may be caused by a significant expansion of the dermal white adipose tissue (dWAT) layer in aged, hair‐covered skin. Dermal adipocytes cycle through de‐differentiation and re‐differentiation. As a result, there is a strongly enhanced release of free fatty acids into the extracellular space during the de‐differentiation of dermal adipocytes in the catagen phase of the hair follicle cycle. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. The Erotetic Theory of Delusional Thinking.Matthew Parrott & Philipp Koralus - 2015 - Cognitive Neuropsychiatry 20 (5):398-415.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  33.  34
    M5s 1c1.Philippe Abgrall, Julia María Carabaza Bravo, Bassam I. El-Eswed, Gad Freudenthal & Michael E. Marmura - 2002 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 12 (1):139-153.
    The present article is devoted to two issues. The first is the identification of lead and tin in medieval Arabic alchemy. The second is the investigation of whether Arabic alchemists differentiate between these problematic substances or not. These two issues are investigated in the light of a comparison which is made between the facts that are stated about the two problematic substances in the original Arabic alchemical works and those stated in modern chemical literature. It is proved that Arabic alchemists (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. Proclus, Commentaire Sur le Parménide de Platon, t. 1, 2e ptie. Livre I.Texte ÉTabli & Traduit Et Annoté Par Concetta Luna Et Alain-Philippe Segonds - 2007 - In Proclus & A. Ph Segonds (eds.), Commentaire sur le Parménide de Platon. Paris: Belles lettres.
  35. La mort et le soin: autour de Vladimir Jankélévitch.Élodie Lemoine & Jean-Philippe Pierron (eds.) - 2016 - Paris: Puf.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  9
    Technical Chronology and Computus Naturalis in Twelfth-Century Lotharingia: A New Source.C. Philipp E. Nothaft - 2024 - Isis 115 (1):65-83.
    Recent research has shown that the use of astronomy as a chronological problem-solving tool has deep roots in the scholarly practices of the Latin Middle Ages, as is manifest from the writings of Marianus Scotus, Gerland, and other “critical computists” of the eleventh and twelfth centuries. This essay enlarges the existing picture by introducing a hitherto unknown epistolary treatise of the mid-twelfth century. Written in Lotharingia in 1144, this poorly preserved work documents an attempt to reconstruct the timeline of world (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. What’s up with anti-natalists? An observational study on the relationship between dark triad personality traits and anti-natalist views.Philipp Schönegger - 2022 - Philosophical Psychology 35 (1):66-94.
    In the past decade, research on the dark triad of personality (Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy) has demonstrated a strong relationship to a number of socially aversive moral judgments such as sacrificial utilitarian decisions in moral dilemmas. This study widens the scope of this research program and investigates the association between dark triad personality traits and anti-natalist views, i.e., views holding that procreation is morally wrong. The results of this study indicate that the dark triad personality traits of Machiavellianism and psychopathy (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  38.  4
    The importance of open and recursive circumscription.Philippe Besnard, Yves Moinard & Robert E. Mercer - 1989 - Artificial Intelligence 39 (2):251-262.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39.  10
    Achieving Flow: An Exploratory Investigation of Elite College Athletes and Musicians.Roberta Antonini Philippe, Sarah Morgana Singer, Joshua E. E. Jaeger, Michele Biasutti & Scott Sinnett - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    While studies on the characteristics of flow states and their relation to peak performance exist, little is known about the dynamics by which flow states emerge and develop over time. The current paper qualitatively explores the necessary pre-conditions to enter flow, and the development of flow over time until its termination. Using an elicitation interview, participants were asked to recall their flow experiences in sports or music performances. The analysis resulted in the identification of the following three phases that athletes (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  55
    Measuring credibility of compensatory preference statements when trade-offs are interval determined.Carlos A. Bana E. Costa & Philippe Vincke - 1995 - Theory and Decision 39 (2):127-155.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  17
    Evolution of global regulatory networks during a long‐term experiment with Escherichia coli.Nadège Philippe, Estelle Crozat, Richard E. Lenski & Dominique Schneider - 2007 - Bioessays 29 (9):846-860.
    Evolution has shaped all living organisms on Earth, although many details of this process are shrouded in time. However, it is possible to see, with one's own eyes, evolution as it happens by performing experiments in defined laboratory conditions with microbes that have suitably fast generations. The longest‐running microbial evolution experiment was started in 1988, at which time twelve populations were founded by the same strain ofEscherichia coli. Since then, the populations have been serially propagated and have evolved for tens (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  42.  5
    Understanding When Similarity-Induced Affective Attraction Predicts Willingness to Affiliate: An Attitude Strength Perspective.Aviva Philipp-Muller, Laura E. Wallace, Vanessa Sawicki, Kathleen M. Patton & Duane T. Wegener - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  11
    Une philosophie de l'être est-elle encore possible?Marie-Dominique Philippe - 1975 - Paris: P. Téqui.
    1. Signification de la métaphysique.--2. Significations de l'être.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  11
    Implementing Experience Sampling Technology for Functional Analysis in Family Medicine – A Design Thinking Approach.Naomi E. M. Daniëls, Laura M. J. Hochstenbach, Marloes A. van Bokhoven, Anna J. H. M. Beurskens & Philippe A. E. G. Delespaul - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  60
    Recommendations for Responsible Development and Application of Neurotechnologies.Sara Goering, Eran Klein, Laura Specker Sullivan, Anna Wexler, Blaise Agüera Y. Arcas, Guoqiang Bi, Jose M. Carmena, Joseph J. Fins, Phoebe Friesen, Jack Gallant, Jane E. Huggins, Philipp Kellmeyer, Adam Marblestone, Christine Mitchell, Erik Parens, Michelle Pham, Alan Rubel, Norihiro Sadato, Mina Teicher, David Wasserman, Meredith Whittaker, Jonathan Wolpaw & Rafael Yuste - 2021 - Neuroethics 14 (3):365-386.
    Advancements in novel neurotechnologies, such as brain computer interfaces and neuromodulatory devices such as deep brain stimulators, will have profound implications for society and human rights. While these technologies are improving the diagnosis and treatment of mental and neurological diseases, they can also alter individual agency and estrange those using neurotechnologies from their sense of self, challenging basic notions of what it means to be human. As an international coalition of interdisciplinary scholars and practitioners, we examine these challenges and make (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  46.  17
    The choice property in tame expansions of o‐minimal structures.Pantelis E. Eleftheriou, Ayhan Günaydın & Philipp Hieronymi - 2020 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 66 (2):239-246.
    We establish the choice property, a weak analogue of definable choice, for certain tame expansions of o‐minimal structures. Most noteworthily, this property holds for dense pairs of real closed fields, as well as for expansions of o‐minimal structures by a dense independent set.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  24
    Functions: selection and mechanisms.Philippe Huneman (ed.) - 2013 - Springer.
    This volume handles in various perspectives the concept of function and the nature of functional explanations, topics much discussed since two major and conflicting accounts have been raised by Larry Wright and Robert Cummins’s papers in the 1970s. Here, both Wright’s ”etiological theory of functions’ and Cummins’s ”systemic’ conception of functions are refined and elaborated in the light of current scientific practice, with papers showing how the ”etiological’ theory faces several objections and may in reply be revisited, while its counterpart (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  48. L'avenir du passé : Médiévisme et sciences de l'imaginaire.Philippe Walter - 2011 - In Yves Durand, Jean-Pierre Sironneau & Alberto Filipe Araújo (eds.), Variations sur l'imaginaire: l'épistémologie ouverte de Gilbert Durand: orientations et innovations. Bruxelles: E.M.E..
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  12
    LA GÉOMÉTRIE DE L'ASTROLABE AU X e SIÈCLE Geometry of the Astrolabe in the Tenth Century.Abgrall Philippe - 2000 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 10 (1):7-77.
    Many studies on the astrolabe were written during the period from the ninth to the eleventh century, but very few of them related to projection, i.e., to the geometrical transformation underlying the design of the instrument. Among those that did, the treatise entitled The Art of the Astrolabe, written in the tenth century by Abū Sahl al-Qūhī, represents a particulary important phase in the history of geometry. This work recently appeared in a critical edition with translation and commentary by Roshdi (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50.  8
    La guerre peut-elle être juste?: réflexions sur le jus post bellum.Philippe Assalé - 2018 - Paris: L'Harmattan.
    La 4e de couv. indique : "La guerre peut-elle être juste? Peut-elle s'affubler d'un qualificatif juste sans injustice? Les récits cosmogoniques sont la merveilleuse monstration que les hommes se sont toujours fait la guerre. L'attitude belliqueuse de certains souverains et les atrocités des champs de bataille ont amené des analystes à définir des critères stricts pour limiter la souffrance humaine. Désormais, tout Etat qui n'observerait pas scrupuleusement les linéaments de cet édit risque d'être déclaré Hostis humani generis. Dans sa conception (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 997