Results for 'Phillip B. Palmer'

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  1.  34
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Maureen Mccormack, John F. Gallagher, Frances O'neill, Barbara J. Thayer-Bacon, Gunilla Holm, Joseph L. Devitis, Barbara K. Townsend, Donald Vandenberg & Phillip B. Palmer - 1996 - Educational Studies 27 (4):344-387.
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  2.  60
    On Wittgenstein.A. Palmer - 2001 - Philosophical Investigations 24 (2):139-146.
    Invited contributions were asked for statements of how they came to be acquainted with Wittgenstein’s work, the influence it had on their own work, and how they see Wittgenstein in relation to prevalent trends in contemporary philosophy. The weight given to the various elements in the invitation was left to the discretion of the contributors. Contributions have also been included from the Rush Rhees and Peter Winch archives. Articles by: Stanley Cavell, James Conant, Cora Diamond, İlham Dilman, P.M.S. Hacker, B.F. (...)
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  3.  18
    Encoding variability with imagery instructions in paired—associate transfer.Phillip B. Tor & Joel S. Freund - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (1):12-14.
  4. An investigation of the effectiveness of concept mapping as an instructional tool.Phillip B. Horton, Andrew A. McConney, Michael Gallo, Amanda L. Woods, Gary J. Senn & Denis Hamelin - 1993 - Science Education 77 (1):95-111.
     
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  5.  59
    Myths as Instructions from Ancestors: The Example of Oedipus.Lyle B. Steadman & Craig T. Palmer - 1997 - Zygon 32 (3):341-350.
    The growing interest in dual‐inheritance models of human evolution has focused attention on culture as a means by which ancestors transmitted acquired phenotypic characteristics to their descendants. The ability of cultural behaviors to be repeatedly transmitted from ancestors to descendants enables individuals to influence their descendant‐leaving success over many more generations than are usually coclusive fitness. This essay proposes that traditional stories, or myths, can be seen as a way in which ancestors influence their descendant‐leaving success by influencing the behavior (...)
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  6.  53
    Visiting dead ancestors: Shamans as interpreters of religious traditions.Lyle B. Steadman & Craig T. Palmer - 1994 - Zygon 29 (2):173-189.
  7.  37
    Fortuitous convergences and essential ambiguities: Transcultural political elites in the medieval deccan. [REVIEW]Phillip B. Wagoner - 1999 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 3 (3):241-264.
  8.  37
    Clinical Ethics and the Suffering Christian.S. Wear & B. Phillips - 1996 - Christian Bioethics 2 (2):239-252.
    Contrary to the ecumenical spirit of our time, the differences among the Christian religions bring into question what one can say or do in common with fellow Christians. This issue, echoing the program of this journal, accentuates those differences, specifically when we focus on the Christian who is ill and suffering. At the bedside, it is the specifics of a religion, including not only its doctrines, but its informing and sustaining narratives, that must particularly be brought into play for the (...)
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  9.  10
    Acquisition and retention of mnemonic information in long-term memory.Paul M. Wortman & Phillip B. Sparling - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (1):22.
  10.  25
    Differential Associations between Cortical Thickness and Striatal Dopamine in Treatment-Naïve Adults with ADHD vs. Healthy Controls.Mariya V. Cherkasova, Nazlie Faridi, Kevin F. Casey, Kevin Larcher, Gillian A. O'Driscoll, Lily Hechtman, Ridha Joober, Glen B. Baker, Jennifer Palmer, Alan C. Evans, Alain Dagher, Chawki Benkelfat & Marco Leyton - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  11. A Meta-Analysis of Emotional Evidence for the Biophilia Hypothesis and Implications for Biophilic Design.Jason S. Gaekwad, Anahita Sal Moslehian, Phillip B. Roös & Arlene Walker - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The biophilia hypothesis posits an innate biological and genetic connection between human and nature, including an emotional dimension to this connection. Biophilic design builds on this hypothesis in an attempt to design human-nature connections into the built environment. This article builds on this theoretical framework through a meta-analysis of experimental studies on the emotional impacts of human exposure to natural and urban environments. A total of 49 studies were identified, with a combined sample size of 3,201 participants. The primary findings (...)
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  12.  33
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Adrian Bell, Patricia Ashton, Charles Reitz, Don T. Martin, E. V. Johanningmeier, Rodman B. WeBb, Arnold B. Danzig, W. Ross Palmer, D. Scott Enright, Madhu Suri Prakash & Carol M. Thigpen - 1984 - Educational Studies 15 (2):155-204.
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  13.  42
    Individual Autonomy and the Double-Blind Controlled Experiment: The Case of Desperate Volunteers.B. P. Minogue, G. Palmer-Fernandez, L. Udell & B. N. Waller - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (1):43-55.
    This essay explores some concerns about the quality of informed consent in patients whose autonomy is diminished by fatal illness. It argues that patients with diminished autonomy cannot give free and voluntary consent, and that recruitment of such patients as subjects in human experimentation exploits their vulnerability in a morally objectionable way. Two options are given to overcome this objection: (i) recruit only those patients who desire to contribute to medical knowledge, rather than gain access to experimental treatment, or (ii) (...)
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  14.  63
    Book reviews and notices. [REVIEW]Muhammad Usman Erdosy, Nancy J. Barnes, Lou Ratté, John Grimes, Paul B. Courtright, Brian K. Smith, Jane I. Smith, Carl Olson, T. N. Madan, William K. Mahony, Robert N. Minor, Jeffrey J. Kripal, Dennis Hudson, Lou Ratté, Serinity Young & Phillip B. Wagoner - 1997 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 1 (1):189-216.
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  15. Developing human-nonhuman chimeras in human stem cell research: Ethical issues and boundaries.Phillip Karpowicz, Cynthia B. Cohen & Derek J. Van der Kooy - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (2):107-134.
    : The transplantation of adult human neural stem cells into prenatal non-humans offers an avenue for studying human neural cell development without direct use of human embryos. However, such experiments raise significant ethical concerns about mixing human and nonhuman materials in ways that could result in the development of human-nonhuman chimeras. This paper examines four arguments against such research, the moral taboo, species integrity, "unnaturalness," and human dignity arguments, and finds the last plausible. It argues that the transfer of human (...)
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  16. Using attention operating characteristics to calibrate inferences about performance operating characteristics.B. H. Kantowitz, G. C. Elvers & J. Palmer - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (6):479-479.
     
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  17.  20
    Aurobindo's Philosophy of Brahman.Ellison B. Findly, Stephen H. Phillips & Aurobindo - 1988 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 108 (1):183.
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  18.  36
    Ecological Effects in Cross‐Cultural Differences Between U.S. and Japanese Color Preferences.Kazuhiko Yokosawa, Karen B. Schloss, Michiko Asano & Stephen E. Palmer - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (7):1590-1616.
    We investigated cultural differences between U.S. and Japanese color preferences and the ecological factors that might influence them. Japanese and U.S. color preferences have both similarities and differences. Complex gender differences were also evident that did not conform to previously reported effects. Palmer and Schloss's weighted affective valence estimate procedure was used to test the Ecological Valence Theory's prediction that within-culture WAVE-preference correlations should be higher than between-culture WAVE-preference correlations. The results supported several, but not all, predictions. In the (...)
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  19. Unifying morality’s influence on non-moral judgments: The relevance of alternative possibilities.Jonathan Phillips, Jamie B. Luguri & Joshua Knobe - 2015 - Cognition 145 (C):30-42.
    Past work has demonstrated that people’s moral judgments can influence their judgments in a number of domains that might seem to involve straightforward matters of fact, including judgments about freedom, causation, the doing/allowing distinction, and intentional action. The present studies explore whether the effect of morality in these four domains can be explained by changes in the relevance of alternative possibilities. More precisely, we propose that moral judgment influences the degree to which people regard certain alternative possibilities as relevant, which (...)
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  20. Perception and Iconic Memory: What Sperling Doesn't Show.Ian B. Phillips - 2011 - Mind and Language 26 (4):381-411.
    Philosophers have lately seized upon Sperling's partial report technique and subsequent work on iconic memory in support of controversial claims about perceptual experience, in particular that phenomenology overflows cognitive access. Drawing on mounting evidence concerning postdictive perception, I offer an interpretation of Sperling's data in terms of cue-sensitive experience which fails to support any such claims. Arguments for overflow based on change-detection paradigms (e.g. Landman et al., 2003; Sligte et al., 2008) cannot be blocked in this way. However, such paradigms (...)
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  21. Thomas Stuart Willan 1910-1994.C. B. Phillips - 1999 - In Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 101: 1998 Lectures and Memoirs. pp. 563.
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  22.  7
    When do bystanders get help from teachers or friends? Age and group membership matter when indirectly challenging social exclusion.Ayşe Şule Yüksel, Sally B. Palmer, Eirini Ketzitzidou Argyri & Adam Rutland - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13:833589.
    We examined developmental changes in British children’s (8- to 10-year-olds) and adolescents’ (13- to 15-year-olds,N = 340; FemaleN = 171, 50.3%) indirect bystander reactions (i.e., judgments about whether to get help and from whom when witnessing social exclusion) and their social-moral reasoning regarding their reactions to social exclusion. We also explored, for the first time, how the group membership of the excluder and victim affect participants’ reactions. Participants read a hypothetical scenario in which they witnessed a peer being excluded from (...)
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  23.  25
    Seasonal Variations in Color Preference.B. Schloss Karen, Rolf Nelson, Laura Parker, A. Heck Isobel & E. Palmer Stephen - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (6):1589-1612.
    We investigated how color preferences vary according to season and whether those changes could be explained by the ecological valence theory. To do so, we assessed the same participants’ preferences for the same colors during fall, winter, spring, and summer in the northeastern United States, where there are large seasonal changes in environmental colors. Seasonal differences were most pronounced between fall and the other three seasons. Participants liked fall-associated dark-warm colors—for example, dark-red, dark-orange, dark-yellow, and dark-chartreuse—more during fall than other (...)
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  24.  20
    Reduced Memory Representations for Music.Edward W. Large, Caroline Palmėr & Jordan B. Pollack - 1995 - Cognitive Science 19 (1):53-96.
    We address the problem of musical variation (identification of different musical sequences as variations) and its implications for mental representations of music. According to reductionist theories, listeners judge the structural importance of musical events while forming mental representations. These judgments may result from the production of reduced memory representations that retain only the musical gist. In a study of improvised music performance, pianists produced variations on melodies. Analyses of the musical events retained across variations provided support for the reductionist account (...)
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  25. The Fundamental Problem with No-Cognition Paradigms.Ian B. Phillips & Jorge Morales - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences:1-2.
  26.  13
    Reformed consent: adapting to new media and research participant preferences.J. Henry, B. W. Palmer, L. Palinkas, D. K. Glorioso, M. P. Caligiuri & D. V. Jeste - 2008 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 31 (2):1-8.
  27. Attention and Iconic Memory.I. B. Phillips - 2011 - In Christopher Mole, Declan Smithies and W. & Wayne Wu (eds.), Attention: Philosophical and Psychological Essays. Oxford University Press.
    Orthodox interpretations of Sperling‘s partial report paradigm support the idea that there is substantially more in our streams of consciousness than we can attend to or recall. I propose an alternative, postdictive interpretation which fails to support any such conclusion. This account is defended at greater length in my ‗Perception and iconic memory‘. Here I focus on the role ascribed to attention by the rival interpretations. I argue that orthodox accounts fail to assign a plausible role to attention. In contrast, (...)
     
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  28.  22
    Value Chain Responsibility: A Farewell to Arm's Length.Robert Phillips & Craig B. Caldwell - 2005 - Business and Society Review 110 (4):345-370.
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  29.  28
    Effective Use of Consent Forms and Interactive Questions in the Consent Process.Barton W. Palmer, Erin L. Cassidy, Laura B. Dunn, Adam P. Spira & Javaid I. Sheikh - 2008 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 30 (2):8.
    Although written consent forms are standard in clinical research, there is little regulatory or empirical guidance regarding how to most effectively review consent forms with potential participants. We developed an algorithm for embedding five questions with corrective feedback while reading consent forms with potential participants, and then applied it in the context of seven clinical research studies. A substantial proportion of participants within each protocol displayed initially inadequate responses to at least one question, but after the protocol elements were explained (...)
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  30. Eric Chown, Stephen Kaplan, and David Kortenkamp.Edward W. Large, Caroline Palmer & Jordan B. PoNack - 1995 - Cognitive Science 19 (3):582-583.
     
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  31.  24
    Women and Men Differ in Relative Strengths in Wisdom Profiles: A Study of 659 Adults Across the Lifespan.Emily B. H. Treichler, Barton W. Palmer, Tsung-Chin Wu, Michael L. Thomas, Xin M. Tu, Rebecca Daly, Ellen E. Lee & Dilip V. Jeste - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Wisdom is a multi-component trait that is important for mental health and well-being. In this study, we sought to understand gender differences in relative strengths in wisdom. A total of 659 individuals aged 27–103 years completed surveys including the 3-Dimensional Wisdom Scale and the San Diego Wisdom Scale. Analyses assessed gender differences in wisdom and gender’s moderating effect on the relationship between wisdom and associated constructs including depression, loneliness, well-being, optimism, and resilience. Women scored higher on average on the 3D-WS (...)
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  32.  6
    Wittgenstein and Moral Philosophy.Paul Johnston, D. Z. Phillips, Philip Shields & B. R. Tilghman - 1989 - Journal of Religious Ethics 22 (2):407-431.
    Recent books by Paul Johnston, D. Z. Phillips, Philip Shields, and B. R. Tilghman all depict Wittgenstein as centrally concerned with ethics, but they range from representing his main works as expressing and advocating a particular religious-ethical outlook to arguing that his work has no ethical content but aims primarily to clarify such logical distinctions as that between ethical and empirical judgments. All four books raise the question about the moral philosopher's proper role, and each suggests a rather different answer. (...)
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  33.  1
    Philomathes; studies and essays in the humanities in memory of Philip Merlan.Philip Merlan, Robert B. Palmer & Robert Hamerton-Kelly (eds.) - 1971 - The Hague,: M. Nijhoff.
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  34.  17
    Meditation alters representations of peripersonal space: Evidence from auditory evoked potentials.Viet Han H. Nguyen, Shannon B. Palmer, Jacob S. Aday, Christopher C. Davoli & Emily K. Bloesch - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 83:102978.
  35.  11
    An association between inequity-averse moral preference and risk aversion in decision-making.C. J. Palmer, B. Paton, T. T. Ngo, R. H. Thomson, J. Hohwy & S. M. Miller - unknown
  36.  11
    Elastic constants of single crystal Tb-50% Ho from 4.2–300 K.C. Isci & S. B. Palmer - 1977 - Philosophical Magazine 35 (6):1577-1584.
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  37.  47
    A Living Wage for Research Subjects.Trisha B. Phillips - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (2):243-253.
    Offering cash payments to research subjects is a common recruiting method, but this practice continues to be controversial because of its potential to compromise the protection of human subjects. Some critics question whether researchers should be allowed to offer money at all, citing concerns about commodification of the research subject, invalidation of study results, and increased risks to subjects. Other critics are comfortable with the idea of monetary payments but question how much researchers can pay their subjects, citing concerns about (...)
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  38. Review of Matthew Nudds & Casey O’Callaghan, 'Sounds & Perception: New Philosophical Essays'. [REVIEW]Ian B. Phillips - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (9-10):245-248.
    A Martian reading contemporary work on perception might be forgiven for thinking that humans had only one sense: vision. Witness the title of one popular recent collection: Vision and mind: selected readings in the philosophy of perception. Our obsession with sight is stifling. It leads to distorted vision-based models of the other senses, and it means that the distinctive puzzles raised by non-visual modalities are routinely neglected. With this pioneering and long-overdue collection of essays on auditory perception, Nudds and O’Callaghan (...)
     
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  39.  10
    The Mutiny Outbreak at Meerut in 1857.Robert Goldman & J. A. B. Palmer - 1967 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 87 (3):340.
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  40.  11
    Introduction.Gary B. Palmer - 2003 - Cognitive Linguistics 14 (2-3).
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  41.  24
    Periplus Maris Erythraei, Remarks on Chapter 47.J. A. B. Palmer - 1949 - Classical Quarterly 43 (1-2):61-.
    Chapter 47 contains a sentence which has been the subject of a good deal of controversy and is manifestly corrupt. In the codex it reads as follows: κα τοᾁτων πνω μαιμᾃτατον θνος Bακτριανν π βασιλα οσαν διον τπον κα 'Aλξανδρος ρμηθες π τν μερν τοᾁτων ρι τοȗ Γγγον διλθε κτλ. Attempts have been made to connect this sentence with the rulers of the Kushan dynasty. It has even been suggested that οσαν represents Kονσαν : the suggestion naturally won no acceptance, (...)
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  42.  7
    Magically deceptive biological motion—the French Drop Sleight.Flip Phillips, Michael B. Natter & Eric J. L. Egan - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  43.  14
    Group selection or categorical perception?Craig T. Palmer, B. Eric Fredrickson & Christopher F. Tilley - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (4):780-780.
    Humans appear to be possible candidates for group selection because they are often said to live in bands, clans, and tribes. These terms, however, are only names for conceptual categories of people. They do not designate enduring bounded gatherings of people that might be “vehicles of selection.” Hence, group selection has probably not been a major force in human evolution.
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  44. Is perception direct-evidence from a primed matching paradigm.S. E. Palmer & A. B. Sekuler - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):487-487.
  45. Nietzsche and the Project of a Postmodern Hermeneutics.B. Palmer - 1986 - Krisis 5:3-19.
     
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  46.  27
    Periplus Maris Erythraei: The Indian Evidence as to The Date.J. A. B. Palmer - 1947 - Classical Quarterly 41 (3-4):136-.
    Mr. M. P. Charlesworth seems to have been too sceptical when he remarked that ‘the names of the Indian princelets given in the Periplus are unidentifiable, or rather too easily identifiable with any one, to be of any use’. Actually, the ruler mentioned in ch. 41 is identifiable beyond reasonable doubt, and his date is practically certain.
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  47.  28
    Periplus Maris Erythraei.J. A. B. Palmer - 1951 - Classical Quarterly 1 (3-4):156-.
    The expression used in the Periplus M.E. has attracted a certain amount of attention. It is generally held to mean ‘a legal mart where foreign trade was officially allowed and taxed’ : and this translation has sometimes been made the ground of comparison with the treaty ports of China or the échelles of the Levant. On closer examination of the usage of the Periplus M.E. it seems difficult to accept this meaning, and possible to suggest another.
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  48.  5
    Periplus Maris Erythraei: The Indian Evidence as to The Date.J. A. B. Palmer - 1947 - Classical Quarterly 41 (3-4):136-140.
    Mr. M. P. Charlesworth seems to have been too sceptical when he remarked that ‘the names of the Indian princelets given in the Periplus are unidentifiable, or rather too easily identifiable with any one, to be of any use’. Actually, the ruler mentioned in ch. 41 is identifiable beyond reasonable doubt, and his date is practically certain.
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  49.  12
    Periplus Maris Erythraei.J. A. B. Palmer - 1951 - Classical Quarterly 1 (3-4):156-158.
    The expression used in the Periplus M.E. has attracted a certain amount of attention. It is generally held to mean ‘a legal mart where foreign trade was officially allowed and taxed’ : and this translation has sometimes been made the ground of comparison with the treaty ports of China or the échelles of the Levant. On closer examination of the usage of the Periplus M.E. it seems difficult to accept this meaning, and possible to suggest another.
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  50. Readiness to change the conception that “motion‐implies‐force”: A comparison of 12‐year‐old and 16‐year‐old students.David H. Palmer & Ross B. Flanagan - 1997 - Science Education 81 (3):317-331.
     
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