Results for 'Philosophy Of Bioethics'

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  1.  20
    Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics: A Twenty-Year Retrospective and Critical Appraisal.Ronald A. Carson & C. R. Burns (eds.) - 1997 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Papers presented at a symposium on philosophy and medicine at the Institute for the Medical Humanities at the University of Texas Medical Branch in 1974 were published in the inaugural volume of this series.
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  2.  7
    Bioethics and Philosophy of Bioethics: A New Orientation.Chung-Ying Cheng - 2002 - In Julia Lai Po-Wah Tao (ed.), Cross-Cultural Perspectives on the (Im) Possibility of Global Bioethics. Kluwer Academic. pp. 335--357.
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  3. Principles of Bioethics and International Criminal Law in the Light of Philosophy of Islamic Jurisprudence.Mehdi Zakerian & Farid Azadbakht - 2021 - In Caroline Fournet & Anja Matwijkiw (eds.), Biolaw and international criminal law: towards interdisciplinary synergies. Brill Nijhoff.
  4.  1
    The Philosophy of Viagra: Bioethical Responses to the Viagrification of the Modern World.Thorsten Botz-Bornstein (ed.) - 2011 - Rodopi.
    The impotency remedy Viagra is the fastest selling drug in history. It has grown beyond being simply a medical phenomenon, but has achieved the status of cultural icon, appearing on television as a pretext for jokes or even as a murder weapon. Viagra has socio-cultural implications that are not limited to sexuality. The Philosophy of Viagra offers a unique perspective as it examines the phenomenon of Viagra through ideas derived from more than two thousand years of philosophical reasoning. In (...)
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  5. Philosophy of Place: Finding Place and Self in the World.Matthew Gildersleeve & Andrew Crowden (eds.) - 2022 - New York: Peter Lang Publishing.
    This book discusses the philosophy of place and the implications for understanding ourselves authentically. It sets out to investigate this by providing a review of the phenomenological and humanistic views of place as background reading for the chapters that follow. This contributed book offers unique chapters from international scholars on place in relation to individual philosophers such as Nietzsche, Sloterdijk, Foucault, as well as more broad areas of research including Ecology, Ontogenesis, Bioethics and Metaphysics. The book then presents (...)
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  6.  11
    Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics.A. Twenty-Year Retrospective - 2002 - Philosophy 50.
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  7.  51
    The Place of Philosophy in Bioethics Today.Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Sean Aas, Dan Brudney, Jessica Flanigan, S. Matthew Liao, Alex London, Wayne Sumner & Julian Savulescu - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (12):10-21.
    In some views, philosophy’s glory days in bioethics are over. While philosophers were especially important in the early days of the field, so the argument goes, the majority of the work in bioethics today involves the “simple” application of existing philosophical principles or concepts, as well as empirical work in bioethics. Here, we address this view head on and ask: What is the role of philosophy in bioethics today? This paper has three specific aims: (...)
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  8.  1
    How Philosophy of Science Can Unlock New Methods in Bioethics.Mark Fedyk - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (12):51-53.
    Blumenthal-Barby and colleagues (2022) argue that philosophy continues to be relevant to bioethics. To support their argument, they offer several examples of how—not philosophy, exactly—but normati...
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  9.  13
    Philosophies and Sociologies of Bioethics: Crossing the Divides.Hauke Riesch, Nathan Emmerich & Steven Wainwright (eds.) - 2018 - Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.
    This book is an interdisciplinary contribution to bioethics, bringing together philosophers, sociologists and Science and Technology Studies researchers as a way of bridging the disciplinary divides that have opened up in the study of bioethics. Each discipline approaches the topic through its own lens providing either normative statements or empirical studies, and the distance between the disciplines is heightened not only by differences in approach, but also disagreements over the values, interpretations and problematics within bioethical research. In order (...)
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  10.  46
    Half a Century of Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine: A Topic‐Modeling Study.Piotr Bystranowski, Vilius Dranseika & Tomasz Żuradzki - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (9):902-925.
    Topic modeling—a text‐mining technique often used to uncover thematic structures in large collections of texts—has been increasingly frequently used in the context of the analysis of scholarly output. In this study, we construct a corpus of 19,488 texts published since 1971 in seven leading journals in the field of bioethics and philosophy of medicine, and we use a machine learning algorithm to identify almost 100 topics representing distinct themes of interest in the field. On the basis of intertopic (...)
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  11. Bioethics, Philosophy, and Philosophy of Disability.C. Dalrymple-Fraser - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (12):64-66.
    Blumenthal-Barby et al. (2022) list several areas of philosophy that may contribute to bioethics. Missing from their list and explicit discussion is the philosophy of disability. Whereas mainstream...
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  12.  51
    Handbook of Bioethics:: Taking Stock of the Field From a Philosophical Perspective.George Khushf (ed.) - 2004 - Kluwer Academic.
    This book is for those interested in an extensive review of the field of bioethics. It is for philosophers who wish to understand the core conceptual issues in health care ethics, and for bioethicists who wish to better understand classical problems in philosophy that have a bearing on health care ethics. The Handbook of Bioethics: Taking Stock of the Field from a Philosophical Perspective: -presents a comprehensive survey of bioethics in one volume; -has 27 of the (...)
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  13. Book Reviews-Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics: A Twenty-Year Retrospective and Critical Appraisal.Ronald A. Carson, Chester R. Burns & Merle Spriggs - 2000 - Bioethics 14 (2):175-177.
     
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  14.  66
    Why Bioethics Needs the Philosophy of Medicine: Some Implications of Reflection on Concepts of Health and Disease.George Khushf - 1997 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 18 (1-2):145-163.
    Germund Hesslow has argued that concepts of health and disease serve no important scientific, clinical, or ethical function. However, this conclusion depends upon the particular concept of disease he espouses; namely, on Boorse's functional notion. The fact/value split embodied in the functional notion of disease leads to a sharp split between the science of medicine and bioethics, making the philosophy of medicine irrelevant for both. By placing this disease concept in the broader context of medical history, I shall (...)
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  15.  54
    Brain Death Debates: From Bioethics to Philosophy of Science.Alberto Molina-Pérez - 2022 - F1000Research 11:195.
    50 years after its introduction, brain death remains controversial among scholars. The debates focus on one question: is brain death a good criterion for determining death? This question has been answered from various perspectives: medical, metaphysical, ethical, and legal or political. Most authors either defend the criterion as it is, propose some minor or major revisions, or advocate abandoning it and finding better solutions to the problems that brain death was intended to solve when it was introduced. Here I plead (...)
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  16. Chung-Ying Cheng.Bioethics & Philosophy Of Bioethics - 2002 - In Julia Lai Po-Wah Tao (ed.), Cross-Cultural Perspectives on the Possibility of Global Bioethics. Kluwer Academic.
     
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  17. The Place of Bioethics in Philosophy: Toward a Mutually Constructive Integration.Pierce Randall, Daniel T. Kim & Wayne Shelton - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (12):54-56.
    The critique to which Blumenthal-Barby et al. (2022), respond—that philosophy has little left to do in bioethics—reflects a common assumption that normative theorizing first generates general moral...
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  18.  1
    The Place of Philosophy in Bioethics Today? Ancestry Counts.Margaret P. Battin - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (12):25-27.
    In this informative and important article, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby and her distinguished coauthors (2022) (hereafter referred to as BB) address the sensitive question of the place of philosophy i...
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  19. How to Progress From Opinion to Rationality: The Role of Philosophy as the Foundation of Bioethics.Gilberto A. Gamboa-Bernal - 2017 - Anthropology 5.
    The different versions of bioethics are founded on very specific underlying philosophical and ethical elements. Every philosophical doctrine or current of thought is the source of a particular set of ethics and every set of ethics supports a distinct version of bioethics that is dependent on the wisdom or shortsightedness of both the philosophy and the ethics on which it is based. This paper is an attempt to explain how the relationship between philosophy, ethics and (...) comes about and to identify the main consequences of the “kinship” determined by that affinity. A hypothetical situation is used to show the various solutions that are possible with five different triads that can be established, at present, as part of that relationship. The bioethical consequences of the “kinship” between philosophy, ethics and bioethics are illustrated on the basis of the foregoing explanation. The limited scope of opinions and their contrast with rational discourse founded on reality leads to several conclusions: solving bioethical problems implies that we start with thinking that is properly supported by a philosophical anthropology that offers the best guarantee of accuracy, rationality, internal consistency and possibility for practice, which subsequently provides the basis for objective ethical thinking that is capable of unmasking any relativism, reductionism or ideologizing. In this way, it will be possible to provide answers to the problems associated with life in general and human life in particular. (shrink)
     
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  20.  84
    Bioethics and the Philosophy of Medicine: A Thirty-Year Perspective.H. Tristram Engelhardt - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (6):565-568.
  21.  81
    How History and Philosophy of Science and Medicine Could Save the Life of Bioethics.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2003 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (1):115 – 125.
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  22.  70
    Hume, Bioethics, and Philosophy of Medicine.Loretta M. Kopelman & Laurence B. McCullough - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (4):315 – 321.
  23.  4
    Inflationary Bioethics: On Fact and Value in the Philosophy of Medicine.Antonio Casado da Rocha - 2008 - Praxis 1 (2).
    This critical notice argues for the existence of a new trend in bioethics, a complex and dynamic field of philosophical enquiry that goes beyond applied ethics and professional deontological codes. This trend supplements their traditionally “minimalist” ethics—and its concern with harm, rights or justice—with “inflationary” positions open to an integration of medicine with the humanities. By comparing and contrasting the views of two quite different philosophers, Diego Gracia and Alfred Tauber, and placing them within the theoretical background delineated by (...)
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  24. The Philosophy of Medicine: Framing the Field.H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr - 2000 - Springer.
    The term `bioethics' was coined in 1971, just as interest in the medical humanities claimed a prominent place in medical education. Out of this interest, a substantial area of research and scholarship took shape: the philosophy of medicine. This field has been directed to the epistemological, ontological, and value-theoretical issues occasioned by medicine and the biomedical sciences. Bioethics is nested in this field and can only be fully understood in terms of the foundational issues it addresses. This (...)
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  25.  13
    XXIInd European Conference on Philosophy of Medicine and Health Care: European Bioethics in a Global Context 20–23 August, 2008 Tartu, Estonia.Valesca Hulsman - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (2):229-229.
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  26. Philosophy of Life in Contemporary Society.Masahiro Morioka - 2017 - The Review of Life Studies 8:15-22.
    An outline of "philosophy of life" as a philosophical discipline.
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  27.  21
    Metaphysical Problems in the Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics.A. E. Hinkley - 2008 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (2):101-105.
  28. Human Dignity and the Manipulation of the Sense of Happiness: From the Viewpoint of Bioethics and Philosophy of Life.Masahiro Morioka - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy of Life 2 (1):1-14.
    If our sense of happiness is closely connected to brain functions, it might become possible to manipulate our brain in a much more refined and effective way than current methods allow. In this paper I will make some remarks on the manipulation of the sense of happiness and illuminate the relationship between human dignity and happiness. The President’s Council on Bioethics discusses this topic in the 2003 report Beyond Therapy, and concludes that the use of SSRIs might make us (...)
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  29.  9
    The Philosophy of Medicine Reborn: A Pellegrino Reader.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 2008 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    What the philosophy of medicine is -- Philosophy of medicine: should it be teleologically or socially construed? -- The internal morality of clinical medicine: a paradigm for the ethics of the helping and healing professions -- Humanistic basis of professional ethics -- The commodification of medical and health care: the moral consequences of a paradigm shift from a professional to a market ethic -- Medicine today: its identity, its role, and the role of physicians -- From medical ethics (...)
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  30. Ke Xue Zhe Xue Yu Sheng Ming Lun Li: Shen Mingxian Wen Ji = the Philosophy of Science and the Bioethics.Mingxian Shen - 2008 - Shanghai She Hui Ke Xue Yuan Chu Ban She.
    本书分科学哲学和生命伦理两部分。科学哲学和生命伦理学是当代科学文化与人文文化交汇的重要体现,肩负着促进两种文化交汇的重任。作者正是从这样的视角,深入考察和分析了科学哲学的变革,提出同时举起两面旗帜—— 科学的旗帜和科学与人文交汇的旗帜。.
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  31.  37
    Bioethics and the Philosophy of Medicine: A Thirty-Year Perspective.J. R. Engelhardt, Jeremy R. Garrett & Fabrice Jotterand - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (6):565 – 568.
  32. The Birth of Bioethics.Albert R. Jonsen - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    Bioethics represents a dramatic revision of the centuries-old professional ethics that governed the behavior of physicians and their relationships with patients. This venerable ethics code was challenged in the years after World War II by the remarkable advances in the biomedical sciences and medicine that raised questions about the definition of death, the use of life-support systems, organ transplantation, and reproductive interventions. In response, philosophers and theologians, lawyers and social scientists joined together with physicians and scientists to rethink and (...)
  33.  52
    Bioethics and Philosophy of Science.Robert M. Veatch - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (3):227-231.
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  34.  2
    Rethinking the Role of Experimental Philosophy in Bioethics.Gonzalo Díaz-Cobacho & Ivar R. Hannikainen - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (12):69-72.
    In their target article, titled “The Place of Philosophy in Bioethics Today” (Blumenthal-Barby et al. 2022), Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby and colleagues provide a powerful argument for the role of phi...
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  35.  75
    Bioethics and the Philosophy of Medicine: A Thirty-Year Perspective.H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jeremy Garrett & Fabrice Jotterand - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (6):565-568.
  36. The Mutual Benefit of the Integration of Philosophy and Bioethics – Our Experience From an Interdisciplinary Research Project on (Epi-)Genome Editing.Karla Karoline Sonne Kalinka Alex & Eva C. Winkler - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (12):61-63.
    We welcome Blumenthal-Barby’s et al. (2022) plaidoyer for the integration of philosophy in bioethics because of a perceived mutual benefit. Drawing on experience from a collaborative project, funde...
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  37.  57
    Introduction to a Collection of Issues Within Bioethics, Philosophy of Medicine, and Philosophy of Psychiatry.J. A. Bulcock - 2013 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (2):83-90.
  38.  83
    An African Response to the Philosophical Crises in Medicine: Towards an African Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics.Chrysogonus M. Okwenna - 2021 - Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 10 (2):1-16.
    In this paper, I identify two major philosophical crises confronting medicine as a global phenomenon. The first crisis is the epistemological crisis of adopting an epistemic attitude, adequate for improving medical knowledge and practice. The second is the ethical crisis, also known as the “quality-of-care crisis,” arising from the traditional patient-physician dyad. I acknowledge the different proposals put forward in the quest for solutions to these crises. However, I observe that most of these proposals remain inadequate given their over-reliance on (...)
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  39. What is the Role of the Precautionary Principle in the Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics?Loretta M. Kopelman, David Resnick & Douglas L. Weed - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (3):255 – 258.
    (2004). What is the Role of the Precautionary Principle in the Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 255-258.
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  40.  2
    Exploring the “Other” Role of Philosophy in Bioethics: The Case of Addressing Moral Distress and Rediscovering Meaning and Purpose.Allen Alvarez - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (12):67-69.
    This commentary explores “other” needed philosophical contributions to bioethics that is implied but not mentioned explicitly in the article by Blumentahal-Barby et al. (2022). That “other” role of...
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  41.  2
    Ethics Consultation—A Blind Spot of Philosophy in Bioethics?Dagmar Schmitz & Marcus Duewell - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (12):47-48.
    While making an important point for a strong role of philosophers and philosophical work in bioethics, Blumenthal-Barby and colleagues (2022) fail to mention one of the most pressing tasks in this...
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  42.  16
    The Foundations of Bioethics.Thomas J. Bole - 1988 - Review of Metaphysics 41 (3):616-619.
    The first fundamental English-language study in bioethics, this book gives a lucid analysis of, and powerfully argued resolutions to, conflicts of values that arise in medicine. It also provides salutary emphasis upon the obligations of health-care professionals to respect the moral autonomy of patients or their guardians. It is fundamental, however, because it does more: it is concerned with rationally choosing among competing orderings of goods and harms which are involved not only in the proper practice of medicine but (...)
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  43.  2
    Some Reflections on the Importance of Philosophy to Bioethics.David DeGrazia - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (12):27-29.
    In the target article the authors mention that at a recent conference “several leading scholars in bioethics expressed the view that there is nothing philosophically interesting left to be done in...
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  44. Disputes Over Moral Status: Philosophy and Science in the Future of Bioethics.Lisa Bortolotti - 2007 - Health Care Analysis 15 (2):153-8.
    Various debates in bioethics have been focused on whether non-persons, such as marginal humans or non-human animals, deserve respectful treatment. It has been argued that, where we cannot agree on whether these individuals have moral status, we might agree that they have symbolic value and ascribe to them moral value in virtue of their symbolic significance. In the paper I resist the suggestion that symbolic value is relevant to ethical disputes in which the respect for individuals with no intrinsic (...)
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  45. Philosophical Critique of Bioethics.B. Brody - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15:161-178.
     
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  46.  10
    The Philosophy and Practice of Medicine and Bioethics: A Naturalistic-Humanistic Approach.Warren A. Shibles - 2010 - Springer.
    This book completes medical care by adding the comprehensive humanistic perspectives and philosophy of medicine.
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  47. The Philosophy of Medicine Reborn: A Pellegrino Reader.H. Tristram Engelhardt & Fabrice Jotterand (eds.) - 2008 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    Edmund D. Pellegrino has played a central role in shaping the fields of bioethics and the philosophy of medicine. His writings encompass original explorations of the healing relationship, the need to place humanism in the medical curriculum, the nature of the patient’s good, and the importance of a virtue-based normative ethics for health care. In this anthology, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., and Fabrice Jotterand have created a rich presentation of Pellegrino’s thought and its development. Pellegrino’s work has been (...)
     
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  48.  7
    The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine.Miriam Solomon, Jeremy R. Simon & Harold Kincaid (eds.) - 2016 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    _The_ _Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine _is a comprehensive guide to topics in the fields of epistemology and metaphysics of medicine. It examines traditional topics such as the concept of disease, causality in medicine, the epistemology of the randomized controlled trial, the biopsychosocial model, explanation, clinical judgment and phenomenology of medicine and emerging topics, such as philosophy of epidemiology, measuring harms, the concept of disability, nursing perspectives, race and gender, the metaphysics of Chinese medicine, and narrative medicine. (...)
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  49. New Directions in Philosophy of Medicine.Jacob Stegenga, Ashley Kennedy, Serife Tekin, Saana Jukola & Robyn Bluhm - forthcoming - In James Marcum (ed.), Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine. Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 343-367.
    The purpose of this chapter is to describe what we see as several important new directions for philosophy of medicine. This recent work (i) takes existing discussions in important and promising new directions, (ii) identifies areas that have not received sufficient and deserved attention to date, and/or (iii) brings together philosophy of medicine with other areas of philosophy (including bioethics, philosophy of psychiatry, and social epistemology). To this end, the next part focuses on what we (...)
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  50. Philosophy of Law: Classic and Contemporary Readings.Larry May & Jeff Brown (eds.) - 2009 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Cottingham : Western philosophy : an anthology (second edition) -- Cahoone : from modernism to postmodernism : an anthology (expanded -- Second edition) -- Lafollette : ethics in practice : an anthology (third edition) -- Goodin and Pettit: contemporary political philosophy: an anthology (second -- Edition) -- Eze: african philosophy : an anthology -- McNeill and Feldman : continental philosophy : an anthology -- Kim and Sosa : metaphysics : an anthology -- Lycan and Prinz : (...)
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