Results for 'Philosophy Terminology'

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  1. Natural Philosophy and the Use of Causal Terminology: A Puzzle in Reid's Account of Natural Philosophy.Aaron D. Cobb - 2010 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 8 (2):101-114.
    Thomas Reid thinks of natural philosophy as a purely nomothetic enterprise but he maintains that it is proper for natural philosophers to employ causal terminology in formulating their explanatory claims. In this paper, I analyze this puzzle in light of Reid's distinction between efficient and physical causation – a distinction he grounds in his strict understanding of active powers. I consider several possible reasons that Reid may have for maintaining that natural philosophers ought to employ causal terminology (...)
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  2. Towards a Reference Terminology for Ontology Research and Development in the Biomedical Domain.Barry Smith, Waclaw Kusnierczyk, Daniel Schober, & Werner Ceusters - 2006 - In Proceedings of KR-MED, CEUR, vol. 222. pp. 57-65.
    Ontology is a burgeoning field, involving researchers from the computer science, philosophy, data and software engineering, logic, linguistics, and terminology domains. Many ontology-related terms with precise meanings in one of these domains have different meanings in others. Our purpose here is to initiate a path towards disambiguation of such terms. We draw primarily on the literature of biomedical informatics, not least because the problems caused by unclear or ambiguous use of terms have been there most thoroughly addressed. We (...)
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  3.  54
    Philosophical Terminology in Arabic and Persian.Soheil M. Afnan - 1964 - Leiden: E.J. Brill.
  4. Essentials of Buddhism: Basic Terminology and Concepts of Buddhist Philosophy and Practice.Kōgen Mizuno - 1996 - Kōsei.
     
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  5.  33
    Philosophical Terminology and its History.Rudolf Eucken - 1895 - The Monist 6 (4):497-515.
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  6.  32
    A Terminology for Knowings and Knowns.John Dewey & Arthur F. Bentley - 1945 - Journal of Philosophy 42 (9):225-247.
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  7.  13
    Philosophy. An Introduction to Terminology and Problems.Johannes Balthasar - 1979 - Philosophy and History 12 (2):131-132.
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  8.  14
    On Śaiva Terminology: Some Key Issues of Understanding.Lyne Bansat-Boudon - 2014 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 42 (1):39-97.
    The goal of this paper is to reconsider some key concepts of nondualist Kashmirian Śaivism whose interpretation and translation have generally been the subject of some sort of silent consensus. Through the close examination of a particular text, the Paramārthasāra of Abhinavagupta and its commentary by Yogarāja, as well as of related texts of the system, I shall attempt to improve upon the understanding and translation of terms such as ghana (and the compounds derived therefrom), the roots sphar, sphur, pra]kāś (...)
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  9.  80
    Utility: Ideas and Terminology.Amartya Sen - 1991 - Economics and Philosophy 7 (2):277.
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  10.  3
    Quantifying the Scientific Cost of Ambiguous Terminology in Community Ecology.Carolyn A. Trombley & Karl Cottenie - 2019 - Philosophical Topics 47 (1):203-218.
    Fundamental terms in the field of ecology are ambiguous, with multiple meanings associated with them. While this could lead to confusion, discord, or even tests that violate core assumptions of a given theory or model, this ambiguity could also be a feature that allows for new knowledge creation through the interconnected nature of concepts. We approached this debate from a quantitative perspective, and investigated the cost of ambiguity related to definitions of ecological units in ecology related to the general term (...)
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  11.  15
    The Ethics of Terminology.John Deely - 1998 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 72 (2):197-243.
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  12.  23
    The Language of Demonstration: Translating Science and the Formation of Terminology in Arabic Philosophy and Science.Gerhard Endress - 2002 - Early Science and Medicine 7 (3):231-253.
    The reception of the rational sciences, scientific practice, discourse and methodology into Arabic Islamic society proceeded in several stages of exchange with the transmitters of Iranian, Christian-Aramaic and Byzantine-Greek learning. Translation and the acquisition of knowledge from the Hellenistic heritage went hand in hand with a continuous refinement of the methods of linguistic transposition and the creation of a standardized technical language in Arabic: terminology, rhetoric, and the genres of instruction. Demonstration more geometrico, first introduced by the paradigmatic sciences-mathematics, (...)
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  13. Some Important Philosophical Terminology: 1979 Supplement.A. W. Sparkes - 1979 - Podargus Press.
     
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  14. Some Important Philosophical Terminology.A. W. Sparkes - 1978 - Podargus Press.
     
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  15.  27
    Hsün-Tzŭ on Terminology.Y. P. Mei - 1951 - Philosophy East and West 1 (2):51-66.
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  16.  23
    Science in Touch: Functions of Biomedical Terminology[REVIEW]C. Hauskeller - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (4):815-835.
    Scientists’ language use in communication to or with the public has often been criticised as merely strategic. This article explores three terms employed in stem cell and genomic research, to support the hypothesis that biomedical terminology is heavily influenced by different legal, cultural, and ethical backgrounds in different societies. The word ‘pre-embryo’ has never been part of any acceptable official rhetoric in Germany but was important in Britain. The ‘toti-’, ‘pluri-’, or ‘multipotency’ of specific stem cells became a topical (...)
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  17.  32
    Passions, Affections, Sentiments: Taxonomy and Terminology.Amy M. Schmitter - 2013 - In James A. Harris (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century. Oxford University Press. pp. 197.
    Taxonomy and terminology might seem like dull topics. But the diverse ways that eighteenth-century philosophers identified and classified the emotions crucially shaped the approaches they took. This chapter traces the sources available to eighteenth-century British philosophers for naming and ordering the passions, lays out the main vocabulary and concepts used for description and analysis, including the notions of “reflection” and “sympathy,” and outlines the principles that organized explanation, such as the division of the passions into the pleasurable or painful, (...)
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  18.  45
    The Ontological Status of Species: Scientific Progress and Philosophical Terminology.Ernst Mayr - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (2):145-66.
  19.  50
    Classroom Logic Terminology.Dale E. Lugenbehl - 1985 - Teaching Philosophy 8 (2):157-160.
  20.  15
    ‘Missing Persons’: Technical Terminology as a Barrier in Psychiatry.Ciaran Clarke - 2012 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (1):23-30.
    Several fields contributing to psychiatric advances, such as psychology, biology, and the humanities, have not yet met to produce a cohesive and integrated picture of human function and dysfunction, strength and vulnerability, etc., despite advances in their own areas. The failure may have its roots in a disagreement on what we mean by the human person and his or her relationship with the world, for which the incommensurate language of these disciplines may be partly to blame. Turns taken by western (...)
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  21. Intentionality, Terminology and Experience.Galen Strawson - 2005 - In David Woodruff Smith & Amie L. Thomasson (eds.), Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  22.  60
    Moral World, Ethical Terminology: The Moral Significance of Metaphysical Terms in Zhou Dunyi and Zhu XI.Galia Patt-Shamir - 2004 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 31 (3):349–362.
  23.  16
    The Terminology for the Devil and Evil Spirits in the Apostolic Fathers.J. -J. Gavigan - 1964 - Augustinianum 4 (2):447-447.
  24.  14
    On the Descriptive Terminology of the Information Transfer Between Organisms.Jolanta Koszteyn & Piotr Lenartowicz - 1999 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 4:165-201.
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  25. Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology, Including Many of the Principal Conceptions of Ethics, Logic, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Religion, Mental Pathology, Anthropology, Biology, Neurology, Physiology, Economics, Political and Social Philosophy, Philology, Physical Science, and Education, and Giving a Terminology in English, French, German, and Italian.James Mark Baldwin - 1901 - New York: P. Smith.
  26. Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology Including Many of the Principal Conceptions of Ethics, Logic, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Religion, Mental Pathology, Anthropology, Biology, Neurology, Physiology, Economics, Political and Social Philosophy, Philology, Physical Science, and Education; and Giving a Terminology in English, French, German, and Italian. Written by Many Hands and Edited by James Mark Baldwin, with the Co-Operation and Assistance of an International Board of Consulting Editors.James Mark Baldwin - 1960 - P. Smith.
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  27.  12
    Ambiguity and Vagueness in Political Terminology: On Coding and Referential Imprecision.Keith Dowding & William Bosworth - 2018 - European Journal of Political Theory 20 (2):335-354.
    Analytic political philosophy tries to make our political language more precise. But in doing so it risks departing from our natural language and intuitions. This article examines this tension. We...
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  28.  24
    Populations with Explicit Borders in Space and Time: Concept, Terminology, and Estimation of Characteristic Parameters.Manfred A. Pfeifer, Klaus Henle & Josef Settele - 2007 - Acta Biotheoretica 55 (4):305-316.
    Biologists studying short-lived organisms have become aware of the need to recognize an explicit temporal extend of a population over a considerable time. In this article we outline the concept and the realm of populations with explicit spatial and temporary boundaries. We call such populations “temporally bounded populations”. In the concept, time is of the same importance as space in terms of a dimension to which a population is restricted. Two parameters not available for populations that are only spatially defined (...)
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  29.  16
    On Translation of Literary Terminology as Cultural Sign: With Focus on Translation of Literary Terms in History of Chinese Literature.Peina Zhuang - 2017 - Cultura 14 (1):43-58.
    This paper examines the translation of literary terminology as cultural sign in the selected versions of the History of Chinese Literature in the Anglophone world. It argues that classical Chinese literary terminology with its rich connotations and strong prescriptiveness as „symbol‟ in semiotics, holds great difficulty for translators and scholars. Its inherent social and cultural elements in determining the meaning of these terms cannot be transferred across cultures, thus causing problems such as „neutralization‟ either in free or literally (...)
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  30.  6
    Modern Ukrainian Phenomenological Terminology and Approaches to the Translation of Edmund Husserl’s Cartesian Meditations.Andrii Vakhtel - 2019 - Sententiae 38 (2):37-50.
    The article is a translator’s commentary to the Ukrainian translation of E. Husserl’s Cartesian Meditations. The task of this article is twofold: On the one hand, to reveal the historical context of the writing and publishing of Cartesian Meditations, on the other hand, to outline the strategic and terminological aspects of the Ukrainian translation of this work. The first part of the article is devoted to the history of creation of the text of Cartesian Meditations. In particular, the author answers (...)
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  31.  61
    Advance Medical Directives: A Proposed New Approach and Terminology From an Islamic Perspective. [REVIEW]Hamdan Al-Jahdali, Salim Baharoon, Abdullah Al Sayyari & Ghiath Al-Ahmad - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):163-169.
    Advance directives are specific competent consumers’ wishes about future medical plans in the event that they become incompetent. Awareness of a patient’s autonomy particularly, in relation to their right to refuse or withdraw treatment, a right for the patient to die from natural causes and interest in end of life issues were among the main reasons for developing and legalizing advance medical directives in developed countries. However, in many circumstances cultural and religious aspects are among many factors that can hamper (...)
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  32. Concept Systems and Ontologies: Recommendations for Basic Terminology.Gunnar O. Klein & Barry Smith - 2010 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 25 (3):433-441.
    This is the third draft of a paper that aims to clarify the apparent contradictions in the views presented in certain standards and other specifications of health informatics systems, contradictions which come to light when the latter are evaluated from the perspective of realist philosophy. One of the origins of this document was Klein’s discussion paper of 2005-07-02 entitled “Conceptology vs Reality” and the responses from Smith, as well as the several hours of discussions during the 2005 MIE meeting (...)
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  33.  12
    Studies in Legal Terminology.Ervin Paul Hexner - 1941 - F.B. Rothman.
  34.  15
    Samuel Ibn Tibbon as the Author of Melaḵah Qeṭanah, the Hebrew Translation From Arabic of Galen's Tegni: Probes Into the Evolution of His Philosophical Terminology.Gad Freudenthal - 2016 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 26 (1):27-43.
  35.  30
    Sense Datum Terminology.Edward S. Shirley - 1977 - Journal of Critical Analysis 7 (1):21-29.
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  36.  9
    Sense Datum Terminology: The Argument From Illusion Vs. A Private Language.Edward S. Shirley - 1977 - Journal of Critical Analysis 7 (1):21-29.
  37.  25
    Utility: Ideas and Terminology: Amartya Sen.Amartya Sen - 1991 - Economics and Philosophy 7 (2):277-283.
  38.  7
    Whitehead, Descartes, and Terminology.Donald W. Sherburne - 2004 - In Janusz A. Polanowski & Donald W. Sherburne (eds.), Whitehead's Philosophy: Points of Connection. State University of New York Press. pp. 1.
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  39. On the Descriptive Terminology of the Information Transfer Between Organisms.Jolanta Koszteyn & Piotr Lenartowicz Sj - forthcoming - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy.
     
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  40. On the Descriptive Terminology of the Information Transfer Between Organisms.Jolanta Koszteyn & Piotr Lenartowicz - 1970 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 4 (1):165-206.
    Information transfer implies two independent beings and two distinct, although closely tied levels of reality. In other words the „information transfer" is a multi-layer reality. The investigation of the „causal" mechanisms presupposes a proper description of the phenomenal effects. It is the phenomenal sphere of the directly observable events which provokes - in our mind - the questions driving the effort to explore the „mechanisms". It is absolutely crucial, therefore, to approach the process of description with the sufficiently unbiased means. (...)
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  41.  18
    Studies in Legal Terminology.Edwin N. Garlan - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (7):191-193.
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  42. The Noetical Terminology in Upaniṣads and Bhagavad Gītā.Kurt F. Leidecker - 1927
     
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  43. On the Terminology for Copula and Existence.Charles H. Kahn - 1972 - In Richard Walzer, S. M. Stern, Albert Habib Hourani & Vivian Brown (eds.), Islamic Philosophy and the Classical Tradition. Columbia, University of South Carolina Press. pp. 141--158.
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  44. Utility-Ideas and Terminology-Reply.J. Broome - 1991 - Economics and Philosophy 7 (2):285-287.
  45. Moral World, Ethical Terminology: The Moral Significance of Metaphysical Terms in Zhou Dunyi and Zhu Xi.Galia Patt-Shamir - 2004 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 31 (3):349-362.
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  46.  17
    “Benevolence-Righteousness” as Strategic Terminology: Reading Mengzi’s “Ren-Yi” Through Strategic Manuals.Ting-Mien Lee - 2017 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 16 (1):15-34.
    This essay offers an experimental interpretation for Mengzi’s 孟子 ren-yi 仁義 discourses, reading them as strategic prescriptions akin to those presented in classical strategic manuals. However, rather than arguing that it is the correct interpretation of Mengzi, I use it to highlight the ambiguity of Mengzi’s discourses. This ambiguity, I argue, motivated Zhuangzi’s 莊子 criticisms of moral language abuse and rationalizes some early narratives about Mengzi.
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  47. Neo-Confucianism: New Ideas in Old Terminology.Wing-Tsit Chan - 1967 - Philosophy East and West 17 (1/4):15-35.
  48.  22
    The Meaning of Pragmatism: The Ethics of Terminology and the Language of Philosophy.Susan Haack - 2009 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 28 (3):9-29.
  49.  7
    Dewey John and Bentley Arthur F.. A Search for Firm Names. The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 42 , Pp. 5–6.Bentley Arthur F.. On a Certain Vagueness in Logic. The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 42 , Pp. 6–27, 39–51.Dewey John and Bentley Arthur F.. A Terminology for Knowings and Knowns. The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 42 , Pp. 225–247.Dewey John and Bentley Arthur F.. Postulalions. The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 42 , Pp. 645–662. [REVIEW]Alonzo Church - 1945 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 10 (4):132-133.
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  50.  93
    Husserl, Heidegger and Carnap on Fixing the Sense of Philosophical Terminology.Abraham D. Stone - manuscript
    The train of thought I will follow here begins with two facts about Husserl. First, the main and most intractable problems in interpreting him, and the major conflicts between his interpreters, arise from and are fed by the equivocality and unsteady meaning of his terminology. Second, Husserl has a highly developed theory of terminology, beginning with, but by no means limited to, the earliest periods of his thought. This theory of terminology, moreover, focuses on the causes of (...)
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