Results for 'Philosophy of Biology'

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  1. Philosophy of Biology.Elliott Sober - 1993 - Westview Press.
    Perhaps because of it implications for our understanding of human nature, recent philosophy of biology has seen what might be the most dramatic work in the philosophies of the ”special” sciences. This drama has centered on evolutionary theory, and in the second edition of this textbook, Elliott Sober introduces the reader to the most important issues of these developments. With a rare combination of technical sophistication and clarity of expression, Sober engages both the higher level of theory and (...)
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  2.  7
    Philosophy of Biology: A Contemporary Introduction.Alex Rosenberg & Daniel W. McShea - 2007 - Routledge.
    Is life a purely physical process? What is human nature? Which of our traits is essential to us? In this volume, Daniel McShea and Alex Rosenberg – a biologist and a philosopher, respectively – join forces to create a new gateway to the philosophy of biology; making the major issues accessible and relevant to biologists and philosophers alike. Exploring concepts such as supervenience; the controversies about genocentrism and genetic determinism; and the debate about major transitions central to contemporary (...)
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  3.  30
    The Philosophy of Biology.David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.) - 1973 - London: Oxford University Press.
    Drawing on work of the past decade, this volume brings together articles from the philosophy, history, and sociology of science, and many other branches of the biological sciences. The volume delves into the latest theoretical controversies as well as burning questions of contemporary social importance. The issues considered include the nature of evolutionary theory, biology and ethics, the challenge from religion, and the social implications of biology today (in particular the Human Genome Project).
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  4.  53
    Philosophy of Biology.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2013 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    An essential introduction to the philosophy of biology This is a concise, comprehensive, and accessible introduction to the philosophy of biology written by a leading authority on the subject. Geared to philosophers, biologists, and students of both, the book provides sophisticated and innovative coverage of the central topics and many of the latest developments in the field. Emphasizing connections between biological theories and other areas of philosophy, and carefully explaining both philosophical and biological terms, Peter (...)
  5.  19
    Philosophy of Biological Science.David L. Hull - 1974 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
    Compares classic and contemporary theories of genetics and evolution and explores the role of teleological thought in biology.
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  6.  26
    Philosophy of Biology: A Very Short Introduction.Samir Okasha - 2019 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Covering some of science's most divisive topics, such as philosophical issues in genetics and evolution, the philosophy of biology also encompasses more traditional philosophical questions, such as free will, essentialism, and nature vs nurture. Here, Samir Okasha outlines the core issues with which contemporary philosophy of biology is engaged.
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  7.  27
    The Philosophy of Biology: An Episodic History.Marjorie Grene & David Depew - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Is life different from the non-living? If so, how? And how, in that case, does biology as the study of living things differ from other sciences? These questions are traced through an exploration of episodes in the history of biology and philosophy. The book begins with Aristotle, then moves on to Descartes, comparing his position with that of Harvey. In the eighteenth century the authors consider Buffon and Kant. In the nineteenth century the authors examine the Cuvier-Geoffroy (...)
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  8.  10
    Philosophy of Biology Today: On the Outside of Europe Looking In.Michael Ruse - 1988 - State University of New York Press.
    This short and highly accessible volume opens up the subject of the philosophy of biology to professionals and to students in both disciplines. The text covers briefly and clearly all of the pertinent topics in the subject, dealing with both human and non-human issues, and quite uniquely surveying not only scholars in the English-speaking world but others elsewhere, including the Eastern block. As molecular biologists peer ever more deeply into life’s mysteries, there are those who fear that such (...)
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  9.  45
    Philosophy of Biology Before Biology.Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe (eds.) - 2019 - London: Routledge.
    Philosophy of biology before biology -/- Edited by Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe -/- Table of contents -/- Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe. Introduction -/- 1. Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe. The idea of “philosophy of biology before biology”: a methodological provocation -/- Part I. FORM AND DEVELOPMENT -/- 2. Stéphane Schmitt. Buffon’s theories of generation and the changing dialectics of molds and molecules 3. Phillip Sloan. Metaphysics and “Vital” Materialism: The (...)
  10.  78
    The Philosophy of Biology: a Companion for Educators.Kostas Kampourakis (ed.) - 2013 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    This book presents analyses of philosophical topics of importance to biology education. It is intended foremost for biology educators and teachers, and aims to show how philosophy of science in general, and philosophy of biology in particular, ...
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  11.  56
    Recent philosophy of biology: A review.David L. Hull - 2002 - Acta Biotheoretica 50 (2):117-128.
    Academia is subdivided into separate disciplines, most of which are quite discrete. In this review I trace the interactions between two of these disciplines: biology and philosophy of biology. I concentrate on those topics that have the most extensive biological content: function, species, systematics, selection, reduction and development. In the final section of this paper I touch briefly on those issues that biologists and philosophers have addressed that do not have much in the way of biological content.
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  12. Whence Philosophy of Biology?Jason M. Byron - 2007 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (3):409-422.
    A consensus exists among contemporary philosophers of biology about the history of their field. According to the received view, mainstream philosophy of science in the 1930s, 40s, and 50s focused on physics and general epistemology, neglecting analyses of the 'special sciences', including biology. The subdiscipline of philosophy of biology emerged (and could only have emerged) after the decline of logical positivism in the 1960s and 70s. In this article, I present bibliometric data from four major (...)
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  13.  86
    Philosophy of Biology in Britain. [REVIEW]Paul Griffiths - 2007 - Metascience 16:535-537.
    The Royal Institute of Philosophy’s London lecture series for 2004–2005 offers a useful snapshot of the current state of philosophy of biology in Britain. With one or two exceptions the papers are not simply current research articles. The authors map out questions they feel need more research, analyse ongoing debates, or outline the program of their own previously published work. This presumably reflects the fact that the papers are based closely on public lectures. It also makes for (...)
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  14. Philosophy of biology.Andrew Hamilton, Samir Okasha & Jay Odenbaugh - unknown
    Philosophy of biology is a vibrant and growing field. From initial roots in the metaphysics of species (Ghiselin, Hull), questions about whether biology has laws of nature akin to those of physics (Ruse, Hull), and discussions of teleology and function (Grene 1974, Brandon 1981), the field has grown since the 1970s to include a vast range of topics. Over the last few decades, philosophy has had an important impact on biology, partly through following the model (...)
     
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  15.  7
    Philosophy of Biology Today. [REVIEW]Keith R. Benson - 1991 - Journal of the History of Biology 24 (2):341-342.
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  16.  99
    Experimental philosophy of biology: notes from the field.Karola Stotz - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (2):233-237.
    I use a recent ‘experimental philosophy’ study of the concept of the gene conducted by myself and collaborators to discuss the broader epistemological framework within which that research was conducted, and to reflect on the relationship between science, history and philosophy of science, and society.Keywords: Experimental philosophy; Biohumanities; Representing Genes Project; Gene concept; Science criticism; Conceptual ecology.
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  17.  36
    Philosophy of Biology: A Contemporary Introduction.Alexander Rosenberg - 2007 - Routledge.
    EM Music Education /EM is a collection of thematically organized essays that present an historical background of the picture of education first in Greece and Rome, the Middle Ages, then Early-Modern Europe. The bulk of the book focuses on American education up to the present. This third edition includes readings by Orff, Kodály, Sinichi Suzuki, William Channing Woodbridge, Allan Britton, and Charles Leonhard. In addition, essays include timely topics on feminism, diversity, cognitive psych, testing (the Praxis exam) and the No (...)
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  18.  16
    Philosophy of Biology.Sergio Sismondo - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (1):164.
  19.  42
    Philosophy of biology: Naturalistic or transcendental?Filip Kolen & Gertrudis Van de Vijver - 2007 - Acta Biotheoretica 55 (1):35-46.
    The aim of this article is to clarify the meaning of a naturalistic position within philosophy of biology, against the background of an alternative view, founded on the basic insights of transcendental philosophy. It is argued that the apparently minimal and neutral constraints naturalism imposes on philosophy of science turn out to involve a quite heavily constraining metaphysics, due to the naturalism’s fundamental neglect of its own perspective. Because of its intrinsic sensitivity to perspectivity and historicity, (...)
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  20.  2
    Philosophy of Biology.Elliott Sober - 2000 - Routledge.
    Perhaps because of it implications for our understanding of human nature, recent philosophy of biology has seen what might be the most dramatic work in the philosophies of the ?special? sciences. This drama has centered on evolutionary theory, and in the second edition of this textbook, Elliott Sober introduces the reader to the most important issues of these developments. With a rare combination of technical sophistication and clarity of expression, Sober engages both the higher level of theory and (...)
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  21.  80
    Philosophy of Biology.Ingo Brigandt - 2011 - In Steven French & Juha Saatsi (eds.), The Bloomsbury Companion to the Philosophy of Science. London: Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 246-267.
    This overview of philosophy of biology lays out what implications biology and recent philosophy of biology have for general philosophy of science. The following topics are addressed in five sections: natural kinds, conceptual change, discovery and confirmation, explanation and reduction, and naturalism.
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  22.  42
    Philosophy of Biology.Michael Ruse (ed.) - 1998 - Prometheus Books.
    Biologists study life in its various physical forms, while philosophers of biology seek answers to questions about the nature, purpose, and impact of this research. What permits us to distinguish between living and nonliving things even though both are made of the same minerals? Is the complex structure of organisms proof that a creative force is working its will in the physical universe, or are existing life-forms the random result of an evolutionary process working itself out over eons of (...)
  23. Philosophy of Biology: An Historico-critical Characterization.Jean Gayon - unknown
    Literally speaking, "Philosophy of biology" is a rather old expression. William Whewell coined it in 1840, at the very time he introduced the expression "philosophy of science". Whewell was fond of creating neologisms, like Auguste Comte, his French counterpart in the field of the philosophical reflection about science. Historians of science know that a few years earlier, in 1834, Whewell had generated a small scandal when he proposed the word "scientist" as a general term by which "the (...)
     
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  24.  11
    Philosophy of Biology.Brian Garvey - 2006 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    This major new series in the philosophy of science aims to provide a new generation of textbooks for the subject. The series will not only offer fresh treatments of core topics in the theory and methodology of scientific knowledge, but also introductions to newer areas of the discipline. Furthermore, the series will cover topics in current science that raise significant foundational issues both for scientific theory and for philosophy more generally. Biology raises distinct questions of its own (...)
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  25.  22
    Philosophy of biology: About the fossilization of disciplines and other embryonic thoughts.Linda Van Speybroeck - 2007 - Acta Biotheoretica 55 (1):47-71.
    This paper focuses on a running dispute between Werner Callebaut’s naturalistic view and Filip Kolen and Gertrudis Van de Vijver’s transcendentalist view on the nature of philosophy of biology and the relation of this discipline to biological sciences. It is argued that, despite differences in opinion, both positions agree that philosophy of biology’s ultimate goal is to ‘move’ biology or at least be ‘meaningful’ to it. In order to make this goal clear and effective, more (...)
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  26.  3
    Philosophy of Biology.Elliott Sober & Pénel Jean-Dominique - 1995 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 185 (3):382-383.
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  27.  5
    Philosophy of biology * by Brian Garvey. [REVIEW]Brian Garvey - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):197-199.
    A healthy, growing field such as the philosophy of biology deserves to have a variety of different points of entry for students, instructors, and non-specialist academics who want to learn about the field. Among the many new books that introduce this dynamic area of research, Garvey's Philosophy of Biology may provide the most compact and accessible survey of the field. After explaining Darwin's theory of evolution, he offers four chapters about contemporary issues in evolutionary theory. The (...)
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  28. What philosophy of biology should be: Rosenberg, McShea: Philosophy of biology. A contemporary introduction. Routledge, 2008.Thomas Pradeu - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (1):119-127.
    This paper reviews Rosenberg’s and McShea’s textbook in philosophy of biology, entitled Philosophy of Biology. A Contemporary Introduction. I insist on the excellent quality of this textbook, then I turn to more critical comments, which deal mainly with what philosophy of biology is, and what it should be.
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  29.  10
    Philosophy of Biology.Brian Garvey - 2006 - Routledge.
    This major new series in the philosophy of science aims to provide a new generation of textbooks for the subject. The series will not only offer fresh treatments of core topics in the theory and methodology of scientific knowledge, but also introductions to newer areas of the discipline. Furthermore, the series will cover topics in current science that raise significant foundational issues both for scientific theory and for philosophy more generally. Biology raises distinct questions of its own (...)
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  30.  13
    Philosophy of Biology.Emanuele Serrelli - 2016 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Philosophy of Biology Philosophy of biology is the branch of philosophy of science that deals with biological knowledge. It can be practiced not only by philosophers, but also by scientists who reflect on their own work. The distinctive mark of philosophy of biology is the effort to achieve generalizations about biology, up to various degrees. … Continue reading Philosophy of Biology →.
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  31.  11
    Games in the Philosophy of Biology.Cailin O'Connor - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is an Element surveying the most important literature using game theory and evolutionary game theory to shed light on questions in the philosophy of biology. There are two branches of literature that the book focuses on. It begins with a short introduction to game theory and evolutionary game theory. It then turns to working using signaling games to explore questions related to communication, meaning, language, and reference. The second part of the book addresses prosociality - strategic behavior (...)
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  32.  80
    What philosophy of biology is not.David L. Hull - 1969 - Synthese 20 (2):157 - 184.
  33.  1
    The Philosophy of Biology.James Johnstone - 1914 - Cambridge University Press.
    Originally published in 1914, this book examines several key points of biological science through the lens of philosophy. Johnstone addresses the questions of consciousness, evolution and the activities of the organism, among others, with a special focus on the work of Driesch and Bergson. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the philosophy of science.
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  34.  54
    A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology.Sahotra Sarkar & Anya Plutynski (eds.) - 2008 - Blackwell.
    Comprised of essays by top scholars in the field, this volume offers concise overviews of philosophical issues raised by biology. Brings together a team of eminent scholars to explore the philosophical issues raised by biology Addresses traditional and emerging topics, spanning molecular biology and genetics, evolution, developmental biology, immunology, ecology, mind and behaviour, neuroscience, and experimentation Begins with a thorough introduction to the field Goes beyond previous treatments that focused only on evolution to give equal attention (...)
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  35.  11
    Philosophy of Biology: Outline of a Transcendental Project.Gertrudis Vijver, Linda Speybroeck, Dani Waele, Filip Kolen & Helena Preester - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (2):57-75.
  36.  16
    Philosophy of biology under attack: Stent vs. Rosenberg. [REVIEW]Paul Thompson - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):345-351.
  37.  36
    Philosophy of biology: Outline of a transcendental project.Gertrudis Van de Vijver, Linda Van Speybroeck, Dani De Waele, Filip Kolen & Helena De Preester - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (2):57-75.
    This paper analyses the actual meaning of a transcendental philosophy of biology, and does so by exploring and actualising the epistemological and metaphysical value of Kant's viewpoint on living systems. It finds inspiration in the Kantian idea of living systems intrinsically resisting objectification, but critically departs from Kant's philosophical solution in as far as it is based in a subjectivist dogmatism. It attempts to overcome this dogmatism, on the one hand by explicitly taking into account the conditions of (...)
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  38.  12
    What philosophy of biology is not.David Hull - 1969 - Journal of the History of Biology 2 (1):241-268.
  39.  1
    Philosophy of Biology, Psychology, and Neuroscience-The Organism in Philosophical Focus-Fashioning Descriptive Models in Biology: Of Worms and Wiring Diagrams.Manfred D. Laubichier & Rachel A. Ankeny - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):S260-S272.
    The biological sciences have become increasingly reliant on so-called ‘model organisms’. I argue that in this domain, the concept of a descriptive model is essential for understanding scientific practice. Using a case study, I show how such a model was formulated in a preexplanatory context for subsequent use as a prototype from which explanations ultimately may be generated both within the immediate domain of the original model and in additional, related domains. To develop this concept of a descriptive model, I (...)
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  40.  58
    Emergent Philosophy of Biology in Europe. [REVIEW]Francesca Merlin, Dan Nicholson, Christian Reiss, Aleksandra Sojic & Joeri Witteveen - 2008 - Biological Theory 3 (4):391-392.
    In recent years, Europe has become a home to a thriving philosophy of biology research community. As part of the ongoing endeavor to raise the profile of the field on the Old Continent, five research institutions from across Europe § EGenIS, IHPST, KLI, MPIWG, and SEMM - gathered together in the small italian village of Gorino Sullam (Po Delta) in september 2008 to hold the first European Graduate Meeting in the Philosophy of the Life Sciences (EGMPLS-1).
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  41. Philosophy of biology.Jay Odenbaugh, Matt Haber, Andrew Hamilton & and Samir Okasha - manuscript
    Philosophy of the Special Sciences, edited by Fritz Allhof, Blackwell Press.
     
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  42. Philosophy of Biology[REVIEW]M. Ruse - 1998 - International Studies in Philosophy 30 (4):150-150.
  43.  3
    Philosophy of Biology.Sun Kyeong Yu - 2014 - Seoul, South Korea: Thinking Power Publisher.
    Introduction to the Philosophy of Biology Chapter 1: The General Features of Darwin's Evolution, Chapter 2: Darwin's theory of evolution: What it is and What it is not. Chapter 3: The Concept of Species and Its Problems, Chapter 4: Biological Function, Chapter 5: Bioscience and Reductionism.
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  44.  37
    The Philosophy of Biology: An Episodic History. [REVIEW]James M. Okapal - 2010 - Tradition and Discovery 37 (2):60-63.
    A review of Grene and Depew: Philosophy of Biology.
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  45.  24
    Philosophy of Biology Today. [REVIEW]Keith Vernon - 1989 - British Journal for the History of Science 22 (4):461-462.
    Professor Ruse has been a philosopher of biology for twenty years, so he tells us in both the introduction and conclusion to this new 'handbook to the philosophy of biology'. In that time he has come to occupy a commanding position at the centre of the discipline, not least through his new journal Biology and Philosophy; this book serves primarily to reinforce that position. Eight of the ten chapters are concerned with evolutionary biology, broadly (...)
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  46.  23
    Philosophy of Biology[REVIEW]Michael Ruse - 1998 - International Studies in Philosophy 30 (4):150-151.
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  47.  61
    Philosophy of Biology in the Twenty-First Century. [REVIEW]Trevor Pearce - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (1):312-315.
    Essay review of Michael Ruse (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Biology (2008).
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  48.  46
    Philosophy of biology and the human genome project.Frederick Grinnell - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (4):595-601.
  49.  56
    Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems : [papers Presented at a Conference on Problems of Reduction in Biology Held in Villa Serbe, Bellagio, Italy 9-16 September 1972.Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Dobzhansky (eds.) - 1974 - University of California Press.
    Should the philosophy of biology deal with organismic, or with molecular aspects , or with both ? We are, of course, not the first to appreciate the ...
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  50.  5
    The Philosophy of Biology[REVIEW]Peter Achinstein - 1975 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 4 (4):745-754.
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