Results for 'Philosophy of medicine'

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  1.  5
    Philosophy of Medicine.Alex Broadbent - 2019 - Oup Usa.
    Philosophy of Medicine provides a fresh and comprehensive treatment of the topic. It offers a novel theory of the nature of medicine, and proposes a new attitude to medicine, aimed at improving the quality of debates between medical traditions and facilitating medicine's decolonization.
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  2.  30
    Experimental philosophy of medicine and the concepts of health and disease.Walter Veit - forthcoming - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics:1-18.
    If one had to identify the biggest change within the philosophical tradition in the twenty-first century, it would certainly be the rapid rise of experimental philosophy to address differences in intuitions about concepts. It is, therefore, surprising that the philosophy of medicine has so far not drawn on the tools of experimental philosophy in the context of a particular conceptual debate that has overshadowed all others in the field: the long-standing dispute between so-called naturalists and normativists (...)
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  3.  4
    The Philosophy of Medicine Reborn: A Pellegrino Reader.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 2008 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    What the philosophy of medicine is -- Philosophy of medicine: should it be teleologically or socially construed? -- The internal morality of clinical medicine: a paradigm for the ethics of the helping and healing professions -- Humanistic basis of professional ethics -- The commodification of medical and health care: the moral consequences of a paradigm shift from a professional to a market ethic -- Medicine today: its identity, its role, and the role of physicians (...)
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  4.  50
    Philosophy of Medicine.Fred Gifford (ed.) - 2011 - Elsevier.
    This volume covers a wide range of conceptual, epistemological and methodological issues in the philosophy of science raised by reflection upon medical science and practice.
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  5.  48
    Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2015 - Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, London: Springer.
    Medical practice is practiced morality, and clinical research belongs to normative ethics. The present book elucidates and advances this thesis by: 1. analyzing the structure of medical language, knowledge, and theories; 2. inquiring into the foundations of the clinical encounter; 3. introducing the logic and methodology of clinical decision-making, including artificial intelligence in medicine; 4. suggesting comprehensive theories of organism, life, and psyche; of health, illness, and disease; of etiology, diagnosis, prognosis, prevention, and therapy; and 5. investigating the moral (...)
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  6. Philosophy of Medicine an Introduction.Henrik R. Wulff, Stig Andur Pedersen & Raben Rosenberg - 1986
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  7. Philosophy of Medicine: Should It Be Teleologically or Socially Constructed?Edmund D. Pellegrino - 2001 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (2):169-180.
  8.  56
    Pluralism, Philosophies of Medicine and the Varieties of Medical Ethics: A Commentary on Thomasma and Pellegrino.Laurence B. McCullough - 1981 - Metamedicine 2 (1):13-17.
    Some problems that arise in the account given by Thomasma and Pellegrino [6] of the foundations of medical ethics in a philosophy of medicine are addressed, in particular questions of a conceptual character about treating therelatum of medicine as health. Which concept of health is appropriate and which will bear the burden of the position thomasma and Pellegrino advance? It is argued that the proper relationship of medicine is one between a healer and developing embodied minds. (...)
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  9.  65
    How Philosophy of Medicine has Changed Medical Ethics.Robert Veatch - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (6):585 – 600.
    The celebration of thirty years of publication of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy provides an opportunity to reflect on how medical ethics has evolved over that period. The reshaping of the field has occurred in no small part because of the impact of branches of philosophy other than ethics. These have included influences from Kantian theory of respect for persons, personal identity theory, philosophy of biology, linguistic analysis of the concepts of health and disease, personhood (...)
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  10.  27
    Philosophy of Medicine: Problematic and Potential.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1976 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (1):5-31.
    SummaryThe congruence between medicine and philosophy which we find in the Protagoras and the Treatise on Ancient Medicine as well as the tensions symbolized in the dialectic between Eryximachus and Diotima will always be with us. The congruence and the divergence of these ancient disciplines are both important to human well-being. By opposing one another, medicine and philosophy can each balance the other's pretension to universality. By converging, they illumine some of the most important questions (...)
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  11. New Directions in Philosophy of Medicine.Jacob Stegenga, Ashley Kennedy, Serife Tekin, Saana Jukola & Robyn Bluhm - forthcoming - In James Marcum (ed.), Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine. Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 343-367.
    The purpose of this chapter is to describe what we see as several important new directions for philosophy of medicine. This recent work (i) takes existing discussions in important and promising new directions, (ii) identifies areas that have not received sufficient and deserved attention to date, and/or (iii) brings together philosophy of medicine with other areas of philosophy (including bioethics, philosophy of psychiatry, and social epistemology). To this end, the next part focuses on what (...)
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  12.  29
    The Philosophy of Medicine: Development of a Discipline. [REVIEW]William E. Stempsey - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):243-251.
    This paper is a criticalexamination of the development of thephilosophy of medicine as a discipline. Ithighlights two major themes in the contemporarydebate about the philosophy of medicine: thescope of the discipline and the relation of thediscipline to its cognate disciplines. A broadview of the philosophy of medicine is defendedand the philosophy of medicine is seen as aphilosophical sub-discipline. These viewsdepend in important ways on three factors: ageneral metaphysical world view, particularunderstandings of the cognate (...)
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  13. Philosophy of Medicine and Other Humanities: Toward a Wholistic View.Howard Brody - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (3).
    A less analytic and more wholistic approach to philosophy, described as best overall fit or seeing how things all hang together, is defended in recent works by John Rawls and Richard Rorty and can usefully be applied to problems in philosophy of medicine. Looking at sickness and its impact upon the person as a central problem for philosophy of medicine, this approach discourages a search for necessary and sufficient conditions for being sick, and instead encourages (...)
     
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  14. Philosophy of Medicine as the Source for Medical Ethics.David C. Thomasma & Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1981 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (1):5-11.
    The article offers an approach to inquiry about, the foundation of medical ethics by addressing three areas of conceptual presupposition basic to medical ethical theory. First, medical ethics must presuppose a view about the nature of medicine. it is argued that the view required by a cogent medical morality entails that medicine be seen both as a healing relationship and as a practical art. Three ways in which medicine inherently involves values and valuation are presented as important, (...)
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  15.  9
    The Philosophy of Medicine. The Early Eighteenth Century. Engelhardt - 1986 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 91 (1):141-142.
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  16.  1
    Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine.Thomas Schramme & Steven Edwards (eds.) - 2017 - Springer.
    This is the first wide-ranging, multi-authored handbook in the field of philosophy of medicine, covering the underlying conceptual issues of many important social, political and ethical issues in health care. It introduces and develops over 70 topics, concepts, and issues in the field. It is written by distinguished specialists from multiple disciplines, including philosophy, health sciences, nursing, sociology, political theory, and medicine. Many difficult social and ethical issues in health care are based on conceptual problems, most (...)
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  17.  5
    The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine.Miriam Solomon, Jeremy R. Simon & Harold Kincaid (eds.) - 2016 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    _The_ _Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine _is a comprehensive guide to topics in the fields of epistemology and metaphysics of medicine. It examines traditional topics such as the concept of disease, causality in medicine, the epistemology of the randomized controlled trial, the biopsychosocial model, explanation, clinical judgment and phenomenology of medicine and emerging topics, such as philosophy of epidemiology, measuring harms, the concept of disability, nursing perspectives, race and gender, the metaphysics of Chinese (...)
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  18.  39
    Philosophy of Medicine: Between Clinical Trials and Mechanisms: Jeremy Howick: The Philosophy of Evidence-Based Medicine. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011, 248pp, £37.99/€45.60 PB. [REVIEW]Federica Russo - 2012 - Metascience 21 (2):387-390.
    Philosophy of medicine: between clinical trials and mechanisms Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9630-5 Authors Federica Russo, Philosophy-SECL, University of Kent, Canterbury, CT2 7NF UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  19. The Philosophy of Evidence-Based Medicine.Jeremy Howick - 2011 - Wiley-Blackwell, Bmj Books.
    The philosophy of evidence-based medicine -- What is EBM? -- What is good evidence for a clinical decision? -- Ruling out plausible rival hypotheses and confounding factors : a method -- Resolving the paradox of effectiveness : when do observational studies offer the same degree of evidential support as randomized trials? -- Questioning double blinding as a universal methodological virtue of clinical trials : resolving the Philip's paradox -- Placebo controls : problematic and misleading baseline measures of effectiveness (...)
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  20.  20
    Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics: A Twenty-Year Retrospective and Critical Appraisal.R. A. Carson & C. R. Burns (eds.) - 1997 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Papers presented at a symposium on philosophy and medicine at the Institute for the Medical Humanities at the University of Texas Medical Branch in 1974 were published in the inaugural volume of this series.
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  21. Philosophy of Medicine — From a Medical Perspective.Henrik R. Wulff - 1992 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 13 (1).
    In this commentary on the article by Arthur L. Caplan [1] the philosophy of medicine is viewed from a medical perspective. Philosophical studies have a long tradition in medicine, especially during periods of paradigmatic unrest, and they serve the same goal as other medical activities: the prevention and treatment of disease. The medical profession needs the help of professional philosophers in much the same way as it needs the cooperation of basic scientists. Philosophy of medicine (...)
     
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  22.  18
    Philosophy of Medicine: Prolegomena to a Philosophy of Science.Marjorie Grene - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:77 - 93.
  23.  1
    Philosophy of Medicine: An Introduction.R. Paul Thompson & Ross Upshur - 2016 - Routledge.
    What kind of knowledge is medical knowledge? Can medicine be explained scientifically? Is disease a scientific concept, or do explanations of disease depend on values? What is ‘evidence-based’ medicine? Are advances in neuroscience bringing us closer to a scientific understanding of the mind? The nature of medicine raises fundamental questions about explanation, causation, knowledge and ontology – questions that are central to philosophy as well as medicine. In this book Paul R. Thompson and Ross E. (...)
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  24.  8
    Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine.James A. Marcum (ed.) - 2016 - Bloomsbury.
    A definitive and authoritative guide to a vibrant and growing discipline in current philosophy, The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine presents an overview of the issues facing contemporary philosophy of medicine, the research methods required to understand them and a trajectory for the discipline's future. -/- Written by world leaders in the discipline, this companion addresses the ontological, epistemic, and methodological challenges facing philosophers of medicine today, from the debate between evidence-based and (...)
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  25.  32
    An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine: Humanizing Modern Medicine.James Marcum - 2008 - Springer.
    In this book the author explores the shifting philosophical boundaries of modern medical knowledge and practice occasioned by the crisis of quality-of-care, especially in terms of the various humanistic adjustments to the biomedical model.
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  26.  45
    Christopher Boorse and the Philosophy of Medicine.Thomas Schramme - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (6):565-571.
    In 2012, the symposium "Christopher Boorse and the Philosophy of Medicine" was held at the University of Hamburg. The initial ideas presented at this event, which celebrated Chris's contribution to the development of what is now a vibrant area of research, especially to the theory of disease, form the core of the papers published in this issue. Similarly to what Robert Nozick once said about John Rawls's work, it can be demanded that philosophers of medicine must now (...)
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  27.  31
    Philosophy of Medicine is What Philosophers of Medicine Do.William E. Stempsey - 2008 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 51 (3):379-391.
  28.  16
    Philosophy of Medicine as the Source for Medical Ethics.David C. Thomasma & Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1981 - Metamedicine 2 (1):5-11.
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  29.  22
    Philosophy of Medicine and Health Care: European Perspectives. [REVIEW]Henk A. M. J. ten Have - 1998 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (1):1-3.
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  30.  41
    Philosophy of Medicine: Towards a Definition.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1986 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (1):9-16.
  31. Does the Philosophy of Medicine Exist?Arthur L. Caplan - 1992 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 13 (1):67-77.
    There has been a great deal of discussion, in this journal and others, about obstacles hindering the evolution of the philosophy of medicine. Such discussions presuppose that there is widespread agreement about what it is that constitutes the philosophy of medicine.Despite the fact that there is, and has been for decades, a great deal of literature, teaching and professional activity carried out explicitly in the name of the philosophy of medicine, this is not enough (...)
     
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  32. Interdisciplinary Workshop in the Philosophy of Medicine: Minds and Bodies in Medicine.Marion Godman & Elselijn Kingma - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):564-571.
  33.  5
    Placebos and the Philosophy of Medicine: Clinical, Conceptual, and Ethical Issues.Howard Brody - 1980 - University of Chicago Press.
  34. What the Philosophy of Medicine Is.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (4):315-336.
  35.  28
    Advancing the Philosophy of Medicine: Towards New Topics and Sources.Thaddeus Metz & Chadwin Harris - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (3):281-288.
    The first part of a symposium devoted to Alex Broadbent's essay titled ‘Prediction, Understanding and Medicine’, this article notes the under-development of a variety of issues in the philosophy of medicine that transcend bioethics and the long-standing debates about the nature of health/illness and of evidence-based medicine. It also indicates the importance of drawing on non-Western, and particularly African, traditions in addressing these largely metaphysical and epistemological matters.
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  36.  64
    Why Bioethics Needs the Philosophy of Medicine: Some Implications of Reflection on Concepts of Health and Disease.George Khushf - 1997 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 18 (1-2):145-163.
    Germund Hesslow has argued that concepts of health and disease serve no important scientific, clinical, or ethical function. However, this conclusion depends upon the particular concept of disease he espouses; namely, on Boorse's functional notion. The fact/value split embodied in the functional notion of disease leads to a sharp split between the science of medicine and bioethics, making the philosophy of medicine irrelevant for both. By placing this disease concept in the broader context of medical history, I (...)
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  37.  41
    Interdisciplinary Workshop in the Philosophy of Medicine: Death.Stefan J. Wagner, Elselijn Kingma & Mary Margaret McCabe - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1072–1078.
  38.  16
    Philosophy of Medicine and Model Design.Raffaella Campaner - 2013 - In Hanne Andersen, Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao González, Thomas Uebel & Gregory Wheeler (eds.), New Challenges to Philosophy of Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 467--478.
  39.  16
    Christian Wolff’s Philosophy of Medicine: An Early Functional Analysis of Health and Disease.Matteo Favaretti Camposampiero - 2016 - Quaestio 16:75-94.
    In the late 1720s and early 1730s, Christian Wolff writes a series of short treatises on general medical concepts such as health, disease, cause of disease, symptom, etc. The paper makes the claim that these texts should be considered as a pioneering attempt at developing a systematic philosophy of medicine based on metaphysical and epistemological investigations on medical concepts, doctrines, and practices. The main focus is on Wolff’s analysis of the concepts of health and disease in functional terms (...)
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  40. Evidence: Philosophy of Science Meets Medicine.John Worrall - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):356-362.
    Obviously medicine should be evidence-based. The issues lie in the details: what exactly counts as evidence? Do certain kinds of evidence carry more weight than others? And how exactly should medicine be based on evidence? When it comes to these details, the evidence-based medicine movement has got itself into a mess – or so it will be argued. In order to start to resolve this mess, we need to go 'back to basics'; and that means turning to (...)
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  41.  27
    A Confucian Philosophy of Medicine and Some Implications.P. -C. Lo - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (4):466-476.
    Two crucial topics in the philosophy of medicine are the philosophy of nature and philosophical anthropology. In this essay I engage the philosophy of nature by exploring Anne Fagot-Largeault's study of norms in nature as a way of articulating a Confucian philosophy of medicine. I defend the Confucian position as a moderate naturalism.
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  42.  21
    Grounding Medical Ethics in Philosophy of Medicine: Problematic and Potential.Patrick Daly - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (3):169-182.
    After considering two of Pellegrino’s papers that address the relation between philosophy of medicine and medical ethics, I identify several overarching problems in his account that revolve around his self-described essentialism and the lack of a systematic attempt to relate clinical medicine to biomedicine and public health. I address these from the critical realist position of Bernard Lonergan, who grounds both metaphysics and ethics on the normative structure of human inquiry and seeks to understand historical development, such (...)
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  43.  67
    Philosophy of Medicine in China (1930–1980).Qiu Renzong - 1982 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (1):35-73.
    This is a review of the literature in the philosophy of medicine published in China from 1930 to 1980. The topics dealt with include the relationship between medicine and philosophy, the basic concepts of medicine, etiology and causality, the bearing of psychology on physiology and pathology, epistemology in diagnostics, methodology of medical sciences, philosophical and methological problems in traditional Chinese medicine, philosophical problems in health policy, and medical ethics.
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  44.  31
    Interdisciplinary Workshop in the Philosophy of Medicine: Medical Knowledge, Medical Duties.Emma Bullock & Elselijn Kingma - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):994-1001.
    On 27 September 2013, the Centre for the Humanities and Health (CHH) at King's College London hosted a 1-day workshop on ‘Medical knowledge, Medical Duties’. This workshop was the fifth in a series of five workshops whose aim is to provide a new model for high-quality, open interdisciplinary engagement between medical professionals and philosophers. This report identifies the key points of discussion raised throughout the day and the methodology employed.
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  45.  39
    Is There a Philosophy of Medicine?H. Tristram Engelhardt - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:94 - 108.
  46.  84
    Bioethics and the Philosophy of Medicine: A Thirty-Year Perspective.H. Tristram Engelhardt - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (6):565-568.
  47. Social Ethics, the Philosophy of Medicine, and Professional Responsibility.David T. Ozar - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (3).
    The social ethics of medicine is the study and ethical analysis of social structures which impact on the provision of health care by physicians. There are many such social structures. Not all these structures are responsive to the influence of physicians as health professionals. But some social structures which impact on health care are prompted by or supported by important preconceptions of medical practice. In this article, three such elements of the philosophy of medicine are examined in (...)
     
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  48.  58
    Current Trends in the Philosophy of Medicine.Robert Lyman Potter - 1991 - Zygon 26 (2):259-276.
  49.  20
    Where is Philosophy of Medicine Headed? A Report of the International Advanced Seminar in the Philosophy of Medicine.Maël Lemoine, Marie Darrason & Hélène Richard - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):991-993.
  50.  25
    An Introductory Course in Philosophy of Medicine.A. Rudnick - 2004 - Medical Humanities 30 (1):54-56.
    Philosophy of medicine, narrowly defined as ontology and epistemology of medicine, is a well developed research field, yet education in this field is less well developed. The aim of this paper is to present an educational development in philosophy of medicine—an introductory course in philosophy of medicine. Central features of the course are described. Participants (medical undergraduate students) scored high on average. The conclusion is that further such educational ventures in philosophy of (...)
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