Results for 'Physical Theory'

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  1.  4
    On the Necessity of Including the Observer in Physical Theory.Wolfgang Baer - 2015 - Cosmos and History 11 (2):160-174.
    All statements describing physical reality are derived through interpretation of measurement results that requires a theory of the measuring instruments used to make the measurements. The ultimate measuring instrument is our body which displays its measurement results in our mind. Since a physical theory of our mind-body is unknown, the correct interpretation of its measurement results is unknown. The success of the physical sciences has led to a tendency to treat assumption in physics as indisputable (...)
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  2.  68
    A Physical Theory of Sensation.James T. Culbertson - 1942 - Philosophy of Science 9 (April):197-226.
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  3.  18
    Troubles with Indispensability: Applying Pure Mathematics in Physical Theory.Anthony F. Peressini - 1997 - Philosophia Mathematica 5 (3):210-227.
    Much of the current thought concerning mathematical ontology in volves in some way the Quine/Putnam indispensability argument. The indispensability approach needs to be more thoroughly specified, however, before substantive progress can be made in assessing it. To this end I examine in some detail the ways in which pure mathematics is applied to physical theory; such considerations give rise to three specific issues with which the indispensability approach must come to grips.
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  4.  35
    Toward a Physical Theory of Quantum Cognition.Taiki Takahashi - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):104-107.
    Recently, mathematical models based on quantum formalism have been developed in cognitive science. The target articles in this special issue of Topics in Cognitive Science clearly illustrate how quantum theoretical formalism can account for various aspects of human judgment and decision making in a quantitatively and mathematically rigorous manner. In this commentary, we show how future studies in quantum cognition and decision making should be developed to establish theoretical foundations based on physical theory, by introducing Taketani's three-stage (...) of the development of science. Also, implications for neuroeconomics (another rapidly evolving approach to human judgment and decision making) are discussed. (shrink)
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  5. From Timeless Physical Theory to Timelessness.Sam Baron, Peter Evans & Kristie Miller - 2010 - Humana Mente 13:35-59.
    This paper addresses the extent to which both Julian Barbour‘s Machian formulation of general relativity and his interpretation of canonical quantum gravity can be called timeless. We differentiate two types of timelessness in Barbour‘s (1994a, 1994b and 1999c). We argue that Barbour‘s metaphysical contention that ours is a timeless world is crucially lacking an account of the essential features of time—an account of what features our world would need to have if it were to count as being one in which (...)
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  6. The Physical Action Theory of Trying.David-Hillel Ruben - 2015 - Methode 4 (6).
    Metaphysically speaking, just what is trying? There appear to be two options: to place it on the side of the mind or on the side of the world. Volitionists, who think that to try is to engage in a mental act, perhaps identical to willing and perhaps not, take the mind-side option. The second, or world-side option identifies trying to do something with one of the more basic actions by which one tries to do that thing. The trying is then (...)
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  7.  7
    Pores and Void in Asclepiades' Physical Theory.David Leith - 2012 - Phronesis 57 (2):164-191.
    Abstract This paper examines a fundamental, though relatively understudied, aspect of the physical theory of the physician Asclepiades of Bithynia, namely his doctrine of pores. My principal thesis is that this doctrine is dependent on a conception of void taken directly from Epicurean physics. The paper falls into two parts: the first half addresses the evidence for the presence of void in Asclepiades' theory, and concludes that his conception of void was basically that of Epicurus; the second (...)
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  8. New Perspectives on Pierre Duhem's The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory.Anastasios Brenner, Paul Needham, David Stump & Robert Deltete - 2011 - Metascience 20 (1):1-25.
    New perspectives on Pierre Duhem’s The aim and structure of physical theory Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9467-3 Authors Anastasios Brenner, Department of Philosophy, Paul Valéry University-Montpellier III, Route De Mende, 34199 Montpellier cedex 5, France Paul Needham, Department of Philosophy, University of Stockholm, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden David J. Stump, Department of Philosophy, University of San Francisco, 2130 Fulton Street, San Francisco, CA 94117, USA Robert Deltete, Department of Philosophy, Seattle University, 901 12th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98122-1090, USA (...)
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  9.  41
    The Demarcation of Physical Theory and Astronomy by Geminus and Ptolemy.Alan C. Bowen - 2007 - Perspectives on Science 15 (3):327-358.
    : The Hellenistic reception of Babylonian horoscopic astrology gave rise to the question of what the planets really do and whether astrology is a science. This question in turn became one of defining the Greco-Latin science of astronomy, a project that took Aristotle's views as a starting-point. Thus, I concentrate on one aspect of the various definitions of astronomy proposed in Hellenistic times, their demarcation of astronomy and physical theory. I explicate the account offered by Geminus and its (...)
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  10.  16
    Kinematics, Dynamics, and the Structure of Physical Theory.Erik Curiel - unknown
    Every physical theory has two different forms of mathematical equations to represent its target systems: the dynamical and the kinematical. Kinematical constraints are differentiated from equations of motion by the fact that their particular form is fixed once and for all, irrespective of the interactions the system enters into. By contrast, the particular form of a system's equations of motion depends essentially on the particular interaction the system enters into. All contemporary accounts of the structure and semantics of (...)
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  11.  23
    Troubles with Indispensability: Applying Pure Mathematics in Physical Theory.Anthony Peressini - 1997 - Philosophia Mathematica 5 (3):210-227.
    Much of the current thought concerning mathematical ontology in volves in some way the Quine/Putnam indispensability argument. The indispensability approach needs to be more thoroughly specified, however, before substantive progress can be made in assessing it. To this end I examine in some detail the ways in which pure mathematics is applied to physical theory; such considerations give rise to three specific issues with which the indispensability approach must come to grips.
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  12.  11
    Explanation in Physics: Explanation in Physical Theory.Peter Clark - 1990 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:155-175.
    The corpus of physical theory is a paradigm of knowledge. The evolution of modern physical theory constitutes the clearest exemplar of the growth of knowledge. If the development of physical theory does not constitute an example of progress and growth in what we know about the Universe nothing does. So anyone interested in the theory of knowledge must be interested consequently in the evolution and content of physical theory. Crucial to the (...)
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  13. Explanation in Physics: Explanation in Physical Theory: Peter Clark.Clark Peter - 1990 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:155-175.
    The corpus of physical theory is a paradigm of knowledge. The evolution of modern physical theory constitutes the clearest exemplar of the growth of knowledge. If the development of physical theory does not constitute an example of progress and growth in what we know about the Universe nothing does. So anyone interested in the theory of knowledge must be interested consequently in the evolution and content of physical theory. Crucial to the (...)
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  14. The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory.Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem - 1954 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    This classic work in the philosophy of physical science is an incisive and readable account of the scientific method. Pierre Duhem was one of the great figures in French science, a devoted teacher, and a distinguished scholar of the history and philosophy of science. This book represents his most mature thought on a wide range of topics.
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  15. Classical Mechanics is Lagrangian; It is Not Hamiltonian; the Semantics of Physical Theory is Not Semantical.Erik Curiel - unknown
    One can (for the most part) formulate a model of a classical system in either the Lagrangian or the Hamiltonian framework. Though it is often thought that those two formulations are equivalent in all important ways, this is not true: the underlying geometrical structures one uses to formulate each theory are not isomorphic. This raises the question whether one of the two is a more natural framework for the representation of classical systems. In the event, the answer is yes: (...)
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  16.  96
    Is the Relativity Principle Consistent with Electrodynamics? Towards a Logico-Empiricist Reconstruction of a Physical Theory.Marton Gomori & Laszlo E. Szabo - manuscript
    It is common in the literature on electrodynamics and relativity theory that the transformation rules for the basic electrodynamical quantities are derived from the hypothesis that the relativity principle (RP) applies for Maxwell's electrodynamics. As it will turn out from our analysis, these derivations raise several problems, and certain steps are logically questionable. This is, however, not our main concern in this paper. Even if these derivations were completely correct, they leave open the following questions: (1) Is (RP) a (...)
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  17.  83
    Compatibility of Contemporary Physical Theory with Personality Survival.Henry P. Stapp - unknown
    Orthodox quantum mechanics is technically built around an element that von Neumann called Process 1. In its basic form it consists of an action that reduces the prior state of a physical system to a sum of two parts, which can be regarded as the parts corresponding to the answers ‘Yes’ and ‘No’ to a specific question that this action poses, or ‘puts to nature’. Nature returns one answer or the other, in accordance with statistical weightings specified by the (...)
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  18.  6
    The Estimative Functions of Physical Theory.Paul M. Quay - 1975 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 6 (2):125-157.
    Attention is drawn to two closely related functions served by scientific theory which are of fundamental importance in physical science but as yet little discussed in philosophy. As indicated by their names, they constitute the theoretical basis of physical measurements. After analysing some historically important examples and sketching the historical development of these ideas, this paper examines the similarities and differences between the estimate functions of theory and such well-known functions as prediction and explanation. The pervasiveness (...)
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  19.  9
    The Nature of Physical Theory.Victor Fritz Lenzen - 1931 - London: Chapman & Hall.
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  20. On the Consequences of Retaining the General Validity of Locality in Physical Theory.W. De Baere - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (1):33-56.
    The empirical validity of the locality (LOC) principle of relativity is used to argue in favour of a local hidden variable theory (HVT) for individual quantum processes. It is shown that such a HVT may reproduce the statistical predictions of quantum mechanics (QM), provided the reproducibility of initial hidden variable states is limited. This means that in a HVT limits should be set to the validity of the notion of counterfactual definiteness (CFD). This is supported by the empirical evidence (...)
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  21.  81
    Pierre Duhem's the Aim and Structure of Physical Theory: A Book Against Conventionalism.Roberto Maiocchi - 1990 - Synthese 83 (3):385 - 400.
    I reject the widely held view that Duhem's 1906 book La Théorie physique is a statement of instrumentalistic conventionalism, motivated by the scientific crisis at the end of the nineteenth century. By considering Duhem's historical context I show that his epistemological views were already formed before the crisis occured; that he consistently supported general thermodynamics against the new atomism; and that he rejected the epistemological views of the latter's philosophical supporters. In particular I show that Duhem rejected Poincaré's account of (...)
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  22.  92
    Adding Potential to a Physical Theory of Causation.Mark Zangari - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:261-273.
    Several authors have recently attempted to provide a physicalist analysis of causation by appealing to terms from physics that characterise causal processes. Accounts based on forces, energy/momentum transfer and fundamental interactions have been suggested in the literature. In this paper, I wish to show that the former two are untenable when the effect of enclosed electromagnetic fluxes in quantum theory is considered. Furthermore, I suggest that even in the classical and non-relativistic limits, a theory of fundamental interactions should (...)
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  23. Quantum Theory and the Relation Between the Conscious Mind and the Physical World.Euan J. Squires - 1993 - Synthese 97 (1):109-23.
    The measurement problem of quantum theory is discussed, and the difficulty of trying to solve it within the confines of a local, Lorentz-invariant physics is emphasised. This leads to the obvious suggestion to seek a solution beyond physics, in particular, by introducing the concept of consciousness. The resulting dualistic model, in the natural form suggested by quantum theory, is shown to differ in several respects from the classical model of Descartes, and to suggest solutions to some of the (...)
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  24.  7
    When is a Physical Theory Relativistic?Roland Sypel & Harvey R. Brown - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:507 - 514.
    Considerable work within the modern 'space-time theory' approach to relativity physics has been devoted to clarifying the role and meaning of the principle of relativity. Two recent discussions of the principle within this approach, due to Arntzenius (1990) and Friedman (1983), are found to contain difficulties.
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  25.  2
    Orthomodular Structures and Physical Theory.A. R. Marlow - 1978 - In Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Theory. Academic Press. pp. 59--70.
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  26. Physical Theory: Method and Interpretation.Lawrence Sklar (ed.) - 2014 - Oup Usa.
    In nine new essays, distinguished philosophers of science discuss outstanding issues in scientific methodology --especially that of the physical sciences-and address philosophical questions that arise in the exploration of the foundations of contemporary science.
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  27. Pluralistic Ontology and Theory Reduction in the Physical Sciences.Fritz Rohrlich - 1988 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (3):295-312.
    It is demonstrated that the reduction of a physical theory S to another one, T, in the sense that S can be derived from T holds in general only for the mathematical framework. The interpretation of S and the associated central terms cannot all be derived from those of T because of the qualitative differences between the cognitive levels of S and T. Their cognitively autonomous status leads to an epistemic as well as an ontological pluralism. This pluralism (...)
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  28. Underdetermination of Physical Theory.Lars Bergström - 2004 - In Roger F. Gibson (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Quine. Cambridge University Press. pp. 91--114.
  29.  67
    Does an Adequate Physical Theory Demand a Primitive Ontology?Alyssa Ney & Kathryn Phillips - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (3):454-474.
  30. To Save the Phenomena, an Essay on the Idea of Physical Theory From Plato to Galileo.Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem - 1969 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  31. Intentional Self-Organization. Emergence and Reduction: Towards a Physical Theory of Intentionality.Henri Atlan - 1998 - Thesis Eleven 52 (1):5-34.
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  32. Legitimizing Chance: The Best-System Approach to Probabilistic Laws in Physical Theory.John F. Halpin - 1994 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (3):317 – 338.
  33.  3
    Toward a Physical Theory of the Source of Religion.Mark A. Schroll - 2005 - Anthropology of Consciousness 16 (1):56-69.
  34.  62
    Approximating the Real: The Role of Idealizations in Physical Theory.Margaret Morrison - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 86 (1):145-172.
  35.  17
    The Nature of Physical Theory.P. W. Bridgman - 1936 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  36. ESP and Memory: A Physical Theory.Ninian Marshall - 1959 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 10 (40):265-286.
  37.  29
    The Nature of Physical Theory[REVIEW]N. E. - 1936 - Journal of Philosophy 33 (16):445-446.
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  38.  46
    The Physical Theory of Anaxagoras.Gregory Vlastos - 1950 - Philosophical Review 59 (1):31-57.
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  39.  26
    Spinoza's Physical Theory.Richard Manning - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  40.  54
    Logical Examination of Physical Theory.Pierre Duhem - 1990 - Synthese 83 (2):183 - 188.
  41.  50
    The Role of Mathematics in Modern Physical Theory.Alexander William Stern - 1929 - The Monist 39 (2):263-272.
  42.  14
    The a Priori in Physical Theory.Arthur Pap - 1946 - New York: Russell & Russell.
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  43.  7
    Boltzmann and Hertz on the Bild-Conception of Physical Theory.Salvo D'Agostino - 1990 - History of Science 28 (4):380-398.
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  44.  29
    Anaxagoras and the Seeds of a Physical Theory.Eric Lewis - 2000 - Apeiron 33 (1):1 - 23.
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  45.  37
    Hawking on God and Physical Theory.Robert J. Deltete - 1995 - Zygon 30 (4):635-642.
  46.  6
    Critical Points in Modern Physical Theory.Henry Margenau - 1937 - Philosophy of Science 4 (3):337-370.
  47.  45
    Cause and Time in Physical Theory.Milton Fisk - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (3):522 - 549.
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  48. The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory.Pierre Duhem & Philip P. Wiener - 1955 - Science and Society 19 (1):85-87.
     
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  49.  21
    A Physical Theory of Subjective Phenomena.James Culbertson - 1975 - World Futures 14 (3):269-288.
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  50.  40
    Book Review:The a Priori in Physical Theory Arthur Pap. [REVIEW]William Marias Malisoff - 1947 - Philosophy of Science 14 (1):103-.
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