Results for 'Physics Influence'

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  1.  52
    The Influence of Biology and Psychology Upon Physics: Ernst Mach Revisited.Paul Pojman - 2011 - Perspectives on Science 19 (2):121-135.
    The frequent excursions which I have made into this province have all sprung from the profound conviction that the foundations of science as a whole, and of physics in particular, await their next greatest elucidations from the side of biology, and especially, from the analysis of the sensations.Science stands thus in the midst of the natural process of evolution, and she can guide evolution in the proper direction and help it along, but never replace it.A broad foundation is laid (...)
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  2.  22
    Social Influence on Physics and Mathematics: Local or Attributive?Murad D. Akhundov - 2005 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 36 (1):135-149.
    The article is devoted to the nature of science. To what extent are science and mathematics affected by the society in which they are developed? Philosophy of science has accepted the social influence on science, but limits it only to the context of discovery (a "locational" approach). An opposite "attributive" approach states that any part of science may be so influenced. L. Graham is sure that even the mathematical equations at the core of fundamental physical theories may display social (...)
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  3. Art & Physics: Parallel Visions in Space, Time, and Light.Leonard Shlain - 1991 - Quill/W. Morrow.
    Art interprets the visible world, physics charts its unseen workings--making the two realms seem completely opposed. But in Art & Physics, Leonard Shlain tracks their breakthroughs side by side throughout history to reveal an astonishing correlation of visions. From teh classical Greek sculptors to Andy Warhol and Jasper Johns, and from Aristotle to Einstein, aritsts have foreshadowed the discoveries of scientists, such as when Money and Cezanne intuited the coming upheaval in physics that Einstein would initiate. In (...)
     
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  4.  3
    The Influence of American and British Thought on Australian Physics Education. De Laeter Jr - 1989 - Science Education 73 (4):445-457.
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  5. Physics Needs Philosophy. Philosophy Needs Physics.Carlo Rovelli - 2018 - Foundations of Physics 48 (5):481-491.
    Contrary to claims about the irrelevance of philosophy for science, I argue that philosophy has had, and still has, far more influence on physics than is commonly assumed. I maintain that the current anti-philosophical ideology has had damaging effects on the fertility of science. I also suggest that recent important empirical results, such as the detection of the Higgs particle and gravitational waves, and the failure to detect supersymmetry where many expected to find it, question the validity of (...)
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  6.  13
    Academic Integrity in a Mandatory Physics Lab: The Influence of Post-Graduate Aspirations and Grade Point Averages.Tricia Bertram Gallant, Michael G. Anderson & Christine Killoran - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):219-235.
    Research on academic cheating by high school students and undergraduates suggests that many students will do whatever it takes, including violating ethical classroom standards, to not be left behind or to race to the top. This behavior may be exacerbated among pre-med and pre-health professional school students enrolled in laboratory classes because of the typical disconnect between these students, their instructors and the perceived legitimacy of the laboratory work. There is little research, however, that has investigated the relationship between high (...)
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  7.  17
    Positivism, Realism, and Existentialism in Mach's Influence on Contemporary Physics.Mendel Sachs - 1970 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 30 (3):403-420.
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  8.  23
    Physics in the Galtonian Sciences of Heredity.Gregory Radick - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (2):129-138.
    Physics matters less than we once thought to the making of Mendel. But it matters more than we tend to recognize to the making of Mendelism. This paper charts the variety of ways in which diverse kinds of physics impinged upon the Galtonian tradition which formed Mendelism’s matrix. The work of three Galtonians in particular is considered: Francis Galton himself, W. F. R. Weldon and William Bateson. One aim is to suggest that tracking influence from physics (...)
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  9.  9
    A Historical Analysis of Electric Currents in Textbooks: A Century of Influence on Physics Education.Susan M. Stocklmayer & David F. Treagust - 1994 - Science & Education 3 (2):131-154.
  10.  32
    Philosophical Concepts in Physics: The Historical Relation Between Philosophy and Scientific Theories.James T. Cushing - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines a selection of philosophical issues in the context of specific episodes in the development of physical theories. Advances in science are presented against the historical and philosophical backgrounds in which they occurred. A major aim is to impress upon the reader the essential role that philosophical considerations have played in the actual practice of science. The book begins with some necessary introduction to the history of ancient and early modern science, with major emphasis being given to the (...)
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  11. Aristotle’s Physics: A Collection of Essays.Lindsay Judson (ed.) - 1991 - Clarendon Press.
    Aristotle's Physics is a work of extraordinary intellectual power which has had a profound influence on scientists and philosophers throughout the ages, and on the development of physics itself. This collection of major, previously unpublished, essays by leading Aristotelian scholars examines a wide range of major issues in the Physics and other related works. They offer fresh approaches to Aristotle's work and important new interpretations of his thought.
     
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  12.  77
    Lessons From Realistic Physics for the Metaphysics of Quantum Theory.David Wallace - 2018 - Synthese:1-16.
    Quantum mechanics, and classical mechanics, are framework theories that incorporate many different concrete theories which in general cannot be arranged in a neat hierarchy, but discussion of ‘the ontology of quantum mechanics’ tends to proceed as if quantum mechanics were a single concrete theory, specifically the physics of nonrelativistically moving point particles interacting by long-range forces. I survey the problems this causes and make some suggestions for how a more physically realistic perspective ought to influence the metaphysics of (...)
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  13.  22
    Theophrastus of Eresus: Sources for His Life, Writings, Thought and Influence. Commentary Vol. 3.1, Sources on Physics[REVIEW]Han Baltussen & R. W. Sharples - 2000 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 120:169-170.
  14.  22
    The Influence of Niels Bohr on Max Delbrück: Revisiting the Hopes Inspired by “Light and Life”.Daniel J. McKaughan - 2005 - Isis 96 (4):507-529.
    The impact of Niels Bohr’s 1932 “Light and Life” lecture on Max Delbrück’s lifelong search for a form of “complementarity” in biology is well documented and much discussed, but the precise nature of that influence remains subject to misunderstanding. The standard reading, which sees Delbrück’s transition from physics into biology as inspired by the hope that investigation of biological phenomena might lead to a breakthrough discovery of new laws of physics, is colored much more by Erwin Schrödinger’s (...)
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  15. Understanding Space-Time: The Philosophical Development of Physics From Newton to Einstein.Robert DiSalle - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Presenting the history of space-time physics, from Newton to Einstein, as a philosophical development DiSalle reflects our increasing understanding of the connections between ideas of space and time and our physical knowledge. He suggests that philosophy's greatest impact on physics has come about, less by the influence of philosophical hypotheses, than by the philosophical analysis of concepts of space, time and motion, and the roles they play in our assumptions about physical objects and physical measurements. This way (...)
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  16. Metaphysics in Contemporary Physics.Tomasz Bigaj & Christian Wüthrich (eds.) - 2015 - Brill | Rodopi.
    The book _Metaphysics in Contemporary Physics_ offers various perspectives on the relation and mutual influence between modern physical theories and analytic metaphysics.
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  17. Kuznetsov V. From studying theoretical physics to philosophical modeling scientific theories: Under influence of Pavel Kopnin and his school.Volodymyr Kuznetsov - 2017 - ФІЛОСОФСЬКІ ДІАЛОГИ’2016 ІСТОРІЯ ТА СУЧАСНІСТЬ У НАУКОВИХ РОЗМИСЛАХ ІНСТИТУТУ ФІЛОСОФІЇ 11:62-92.
    The paper explicates the stages of the author’s philosophical evolution in the light of Kopnin’s ideas and heritage. Starting from Kopnin’s understanding of dialectical materialism, the author has stated that category transformations of physics has opened from conceptualization of immutability to mutability and then to interaction, evolvement and emergence. He has connected the problem of physical cognition universals with an elaboration of the specific system of tools and methods of identifying, individuating and distinguishing objects from a scientific theory domain. (...)
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  18.  84
    Forces and Fields: The Concept of Action at a Distance in the History of Physics.Mary B. Hesse - 1961 - Dover Publications.
    This history of physics focuses on the question, "How do bodies act on one another across space?" The variety of answers illustrates the function of fundamental analogies or models in physics as well as the role of so-called unobservable entities. Forces and Fields presents an in-depth look at the science of ancient Greece, and it examines the influence of antique philosophy on seventeenth-century thought. Additional topics embrace many elements of modern physics--the empirical basis of quantum mechanics, (...)
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  19.  19
    Theophrastus R. W. Sharples: Theophrastus of Eresus. Sources for His Life, Writings, Thought and Influence. Commentary Volume 3.1. Sources on Physics (Texts 137–223) . With Contributions on the Arabic Material by Dimitri Gutas. Pp. Xvii + 302. Leiden, Boston, and Cologne: Brill, 1998. Cased, $97. ISBN: 90-04-11130-1. P. Huby: Theophrastus of Eresus. Sources for His Life, Writings, Thought and Influence. Commentary Volume 4. Psychology (Texts 265–327) . With Contributions on the Arabic Material by Dimitri Gutas. Pp. Xvii + 252. Leiden, Boston, and Cologne: Brill, 1999. Cased, $86. ISBN: 90-04-11317-. [REVIEW]George Boys-Stones - 2001 - The Classical Review 51 (01):31-.
  20.  7
    Can Long-Term Training in Highly Focused Forms of Observation Potientially Influence Performace in Terms of the Observer Model In Physics? Consideration of Adepts of Observational Meditation Practice.William C. Bushell - 2016 - Cosmos and History 12 (2):31-43.
  21.  35
    Gender Differences in Introductory University Physics Performance: The Influence of High School Physics Preparation and Affective Factors.Zahra Hazari, Robert H. Tai & Philip M. Sadler - 2007 - Science Education 91 (6):847-876.
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  22.  5
    Theophrastus and Recent ScholarshipOn Stoic and Peripatetic Ethics: The Work of Arius Didymus.Theophrastus of Eresus on His Life and Work.Theophrastean Studies on Natural Science, Physics and Metaphysics, Ethics, Religion and Rhetoric.Cicero's Knowledge of the Peripatos.Theopharastus His Psychological, Doxographical and Scientific Writings.Theophrastus of Eresus Sources for His Life, Writings, Thought and Influence[REVIEW]Deborah K. W. Modrak, William W. Fortenbaugh, Pamela M. Huby, Anthony A. Long, Robert W. Sharples, Peter Steinmetz & Dimitri Gutas - 1994 - Journal of the History of Ideas 55 (2):337.
  23.  8
    Einstein. A Centenary ExhibitionPaul Forman Paul HanleAlbert Einstein in Berlin 1913-1933Christa Kirsten Hans-Jurgen TrederImages of Einstein: A CatalogueJoan WarnowEinstein 1897-1979. ExhibitionYehuda Elkana Adi OphirEinstein. A Centenary VolumeA. P. FrenchAlbert Einstein. His Influence on Physics, Philosophy and PoliticsP. C. Aichelburg R. U. Sexl. [REVIEW]Lewis Pyenson - 1980 - Isis 71 (2):356-359.
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  24.  40
    Can Gender Ideologies Influence the Practice of the Physical Sciences?Kristina Rolin - 1999 - Perspectives on Science 7 (4):510-533.
    : As a response to the critics of feminist science studies I argue that it is possible to formulate empirical hypotheses about gender ideology in the practice of the physical sciences without (1) reinforcing stereotypes about women and mathematical sciences or (2) assuming at the outset that the area of physics under investigation is methodologically suspect. I will then critically evaluate two case studies of gender ideology in the practice of the physical sciences. The case studies fail to show (...)
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  25. The Modes of Physical Properties in the Logical Foundations of Physics.Sonja Smets - 2005 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 14 (1):37-53.
    We present a conceptual analysis of the notions of actual physical property and potential physical property as used by theoretical physicists/mathematicians working in the domain of operational quantum logic. We investigate how these notions are being used today and what role they play in the specified field of research. In order to do so, we will give a brief introduction to this area of research and explain it as a part of the discipline known as “mathematical metascience”. An in depth (...)
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  26.  22
    Influence of the Future☆.Lawrence S. Schulman - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (4):819-829.
  27.  29
    Fundamental Physics and Instrumental Technology.D. L. Schumacher - 1974 - Foundations of Physics 4 (4):481-497.
    The working situation prevailing in theoretical and experimental physics today is held to be inseparable from the interpretation of quantum theory, and constitutes an embodiment of its implicit difficulties. Such an understanding of the present situation in fundamental physics provides a quite different basis for ideas than the formulation of alternative courses of action (experiments) or alternative forms of knowledge (theories), which proceeds from the belief in a full separation of theory from experiment in this field. It is (...)
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  28. Symmetries and Invariances in Classical Physics.Katherine Brading & Elena Castellani - unknown
    Symmetry, intended as invariance with respect to a transformation (more precisely, with respect to a transformation group), has acquired more and more importance in modern physics. This Chapter explores in 8 Sections the meaning, application and interpretation of symmetry in classical physics. This is done both in general, and with attention to specific topics. The general topics include illustration of the distinctions between symmetries of objects and of laws, and between symmetry principles and symmetry arguments (such as Curie's (...)
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  29. Pan-Physics: Whitehead's Philosophy of Natural Science.Leemon McHenry - 1990 - In Victor Lowe & J. B. Schneewind (eds.), Alfred North Whitehead: The Man and His Work, Volume II: 1910-1947. pp. 89-130.
    This chapter of Victor Lowe's Alfred North Whitehead: The Man and His Work, Volume II: 1910-1947 covers the development of Whitehead's philosophy of physics while he was Professor of Applied Mathematics at the Imperial College, London. Under the influence of Einstein's theory of relativity, Whitehead developed a theory of extension that explained the basis of the space-time manifold in terms of an ontology of events. Pan-physics was his term for the unification of the natural sciences as one (...)
     
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  30.  13
    ‘Mechanical Philosophy’ and the Emergence of Physics in Britain: 1800–1850.Crosbie Smith - 1976 - Annals of Science 33 (1):3-29.
    In the late eighteenth century Newton's Principia was studied in the Scottish universities under the influence of the local school of ‘Common Sense’ philosophy. John Robison, holding the key chair of natural philosophy at Edinburgh from 1774 to 1805, provided a new conception of ‘mechanical philosophy’ which proved crucial to the emergence of physics in nineteenth century Britain. At Cambridge the emphasis on ‘mixed mathematics’ was taken to a new level of refinement and application by the introduction of (...)
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  31. Proof of a Retroactive Influence.C. W. Rietdijk - 1978 - Foundations of Physics 8 (7-8):615-628.
    Quantum theory predicts that, e.g., in a Stern-Gerlach experiment with electrons the measured spin component $S_Z = \pm \frac{1}{2}$ does not come about by an adjustment at the last moment, a forced “flipping” or “tilting” of the spin (vector), which would imply z-angular momentum exchange between particle and instrument, but will afterward appear to have had the value $\frac{1}{2} or - \frac{1}{2}$ already before the measurement. Because an electron spin cannot have components $ \pm \frac{1}{2}$ in all directions at the (...)
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  32.  5
    Influence of the Future.Lawrence S. Schulman - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (4):819-829.
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  33.  80
    Phenomenology, Ontology, and Quantum Physics.Patrick A. Heelan - 2013 - Foundations of Science 18 (2):379-385.
    This essay is dominated by three themes that recur contrapuntally in Heisenberg’s writings: observation, description, and ontology—prompted always by a concern about the role played by the subjective inquirer in scientific meaning-making, and by the ontology of scientific claims. Among the related themes are; the tension between paradigmatic concerns with structure and philosophical concerns with reality, the possibility of scientific revolutions, such as relativity and quantum mechanics, that can overthrow the classical traditions of natural science and the inadequacy of a (...)
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  34.  1
    Quantum Physics and Cognitive Science From a Wittgensteinian Perspective: Bohr’s Classicism, Chomsky’s Universalism, and Bell’s Contextualism.Yoshihiro Maruyama - 2020 - In Shyam Wuppuluri & Newton da Costa (eds.), Wittgensteinian : Looking at the World From the Viewpoint of Wittgenstein's Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 375-407.
    Although Wittgenstein’s influence on logic and foundations of mathematics is well recognized, nonetheless, his legacy concerning other sciences is much less elucidated, and in this article we aim at shedding new light on physics, artificial intelligence, and cognitive science from a Wittgensteinian perspective. We focus upon three issues amongst other things: the Chosmky versus Norvig debate on the nature of language; a Neo-Kantian parallelism between Bohr’s philosophy of physics and Hilbert’s philosophy of mathematics; the relationships between cognitive (...)
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  35.  1
    Quantum Physics and Cognitive Science From a Wittgensteinian Perspective: Bohr’s Classicism, Chomsky’s Universalism, and Bell’s Contextualism.Yoshihiro Maruyama - 2020 - In A. C. Grayling, Shyam Wuppuluri, Christopher Norris, Nikolay Milkov, Oskari Kuusela, Danièle Moyal-Sharrock, Beth Savickey, Jonathan Beale, Duncan Pritchard, Annalisa Coliva, Jakub Mácha, David R. Cerbone, Paul Horwich, Michael Nedo, Gregory Landini, Pascal Zambito, Yoshihiro Maruyama, Chon Tejedor, Susan G. Sterrett, Carlo Penco, Susan Edwards-Mckie, Lars Hertzberg, Edward Witherspoon, Michel ter Hark, Paul F. Snowdon, Rupert Read, Nana Last, Ilse Somavilla & Freeman Dyson (eds.), Wittgensteinian : Looking at the World From the Viewpoint of Wittgenstein’s Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 375-407.
    Although Wittgenstein’s influence on logic and foundations of mathematics is well recognized, nonetheless, his legacy concerning other sciences is much less elucidated, and in this article we aim at shedding new light on physics, artificial intelligence, and cognitive science from a Wittgensteinian perspective. We focus upon three issues amongst other things: the Chosmky versus Norvig debate on the nature of language; a Neo-Kantian parallelism between Bohr’s philosophy of physics and Hilbert’s philosophy of mathematics; the relationships between cognitive (...)
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  36.  25
    Does Physics Lead to Berkeley?: John O. Nelson.John O. Nelson - 1982 - Philosophy 57 (219):91-103.
    Russell said that physics drove him to a position not unlike that of Berkeley —by which he meant subjectivism or solipsism. ‘As regards metaphysics’, he tells us in his Autobiography , ‘when, under the influence of Moore, I first threw off the belief in German idealism, I experienced the delight of believing that the sensible world is real. Bit by bit, chiefly under the influence of physics, this delight has faded, and I have been driven to (...)
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  37.  82
    Space and Time in Particle and Field Physics.Dennis Dieks - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 32 (2):217-241.
    Textbooks present classical particle and field physics as theories of physical systems situated in Newtonian absolute space. This absolute space has an influence on the evolution of physical processes, and can therefore be seen as a physical system itself; it is substantival. It turns out to be possible, however, to interpret the classical theories in another way. According to this rival interpretation, spatiotemporal position is a property of physical systems, and there is no substantival spacetime. The traditional objection (...)
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  38.  4
    Investigating the Influence of Mineralogy and Pore Shape on the Velocity of Carbonate Rocks: Insights From Extant Global Data Sets.Mark G. Kittridge - 2015 - Interpretation: SEG 3 (1):SA15-SA31.
    Using a variety of recent public-domain data sets comprising porosity, velocity, and, in most cases, mineralogy and petrographic data, I created an extensive global data set and evaluated the importance of mineralogy and pore type on the elastic properties behavior of carbonate core plugs. Results from this investigation clearly illuminated the potential for overinterpreting elastic properties behavior as a function of pore type when mineralogy was not explicitly included in the analysis. Rock-physics analysis using a combination of heuristic and (...)
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  39.  23
    The Volitional Influence of the Mind on the Brain, with Special Reference to Emotional Self-Regulation.Jeffrey M. Schwartz, Henry P. Stapp & Mario Beauregard - 2004 - In Mario Beauregard (ed.), Consciousness, Emotional Self-Regulation and the Brain. John Benjamins. pp. 195-238.
  40. The Influence of Cynicism on Stoicism.A. Kalas - 2002 - Filozofia 57 (6):405-430.
    The paper gives an outline of the Socratic Cynic school and its influence on Stoicism. In its first part the author gives a general characteristics of Cynicism of the 4th century B. C., showing, that the Cynic movment was based on the presupposition of an absolute incompatibility of virtue with the laws of polis. From the doxographical materials available it shows the basic characteristics of the Cynic virtue, such as self-sufficiency, the importance of physical work, stressing the poverty, a (...)
     
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  41.  53
    Philipp Frank at Harvard University: His Work and His Influence.Gerald Holton - 2006 - Synthese 153 (2):297-311.
    The physicist–philosopher Philipp Frank’s work and influence, especially during his last three decades, when he found a refuge and a position in America, deserve more discussion than has been the case so far. In what follows, I hope I may call him Philipp – having been first a graduate student in one of his courses at Harvard University, then his teaching assistant sharing his offices, then for many years his colleague and friend in the same Physics Department, and (...)
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  42. The Physics of Metaphysics: Personal Musings.A. Kasuba - 1998 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 19 (1):65-89.
    It is suggested that feelings, emotions, reasoning, or remembering, when seen as manifestations of one continuous energy flow, are energy events that differentiate by the intensity and direction in which the energy moves. The flow, initiated by the energy exchange that sustains existence, in passing through a human being lends itself to manipulation, certain faculties regulating its release back into the surroundings. When undisturbed, the energy flow is guided by attraction, and taking the path of least resistance, falls into a (...)
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  43.  3
    Thinking About Causes: From Greek Philosophy to Modern Physics.Peter Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.) - 2007 - Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Emerging as a hot topic in the mid-twentieth century, causality is one of the most frequently discussed issues in contemporary philosophy. Causality has been a central concept in philosophy as well as in the sciences, especially the natural sciences, dating back to its beginning in Greek thought. David Hume famously claimed that causality is the cement of the universe. In general terms, it links eventualities, predicts the consequences of action, and is the cognitive basis for the acquisition and the use (...)
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  44.  5
    Lessons from realistic physics for the metaphysics of quantum theory.David Wallace - 2020 - Synthese 197 (10):4303-4318.
    Quantum mechanics, and classical mechanics, are framework theories that incorporate many different concrete theories which in general cannot be arranged in a neat hierarchy, but discussion of ‘the ontology of quantum mechanics’ tends to proceed as if quantum mechanics were a single concrete theory, specifically the physics of nonrelativistically moving point particles interacting by long-range forces. I survey the problems this causes and make some suggestions for how a more physically realistic perspective ought to influence the metaphysics of (...)
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  45.  14
    Hidden Harmony: The Connected Worlds of Physics and Art.J. R. Leibowitz - 2008 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Most "art and science" books focus on the science of perspective or the psychology of perception. Hidden Harmony does not. Instead, the book addresses the surprising common ground between physics and art from a novel and personal perspective. Viewing the two disciplines as creative processes, J. R. Leibowitz supplements existing and original research with illustrations to demonstrate that physics and art share guiding aesthetics and compositional demands and to show how each speaks meaningfully to the other. Leibowitz widens (...)
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  46.  2
    Solid State Insurrection: How the Science of Substance Made American Physics Matter.Joseph D. Martin - 2018 - Pittsburgh, PA, USA: University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Solid state physics, the study of the physical properties of solid matter, was the most populous subfield of Cold War American physics. Despite prolific contributions to consumer and medical technology, such as the transistor and magnetic resonance imaging, it garnered less professional prestige and public attention than nuclear and particle physics. Solid State Insurrection argues that solid state physics was essential to securing the vast social, political, and financial capital Cold War physics enjoyed in the (...)
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  47.  19
    On Aristotle’s Physics 2.Leo J. Elders - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 52 (2):486-486.
    Shortly after the publication of Simplicius’ commentary on Physics 5, the English translation of book 2 came off the press. The second book of the Physics is of central importance for the understanding of Aristotle’s thought. It considers nature and the distinction between the sciences and proposes the well-known theory of the four genera of causes, while it establishes the presence of finality in all natural processes. Simplicius’ commentary on this book is particularly important because it provides detailed (...)
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  48.  12
    The Emergence of Theoretical Physics in Japan: Japanese Physics Community Between the Two World Wars.Dong-Won Kim - 1995 - Annals of Science 52 (4):383-402.
    The paper aims to show how Japanese theoretical physics groups emerged between the First and Second World Wars. First, it will be argued that by the early 1930s the Japanese physics community had been predominantly inclined towards experimental physics and that several academic, cultural, and social factors had worked for the maintenance of this status quo. Next, how the situation slowly changed during the early 1930s, and how the young theoretical physicists successfully established a bridgehead during the (...)
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  49.  59
    Another Proof That the Future Can Influence the Present.C. W. Rietdijk - 1981 - Foundations of Physics 11 (9-10):783-790.
    A modified Young double-slit experiment proposed by Wootters and Zurek is considered in which a system P of parallel plates covered with a photographic emulsion has been set up in the region where we would normally expect the central interference fringes. Because under certain conditions P makes it possible to conclude with much more than50% certainty through which of the two slits each particular photon passed, the relevant interference pattern becomes blurred. It is proved that this implies a retroactive effect (...)
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  50.  31
    Counterfactual Histories: The Beginning of Quantum Physics.Osvaldo Pessoa - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (3):S519 - S530.
    This paper presents a method for investigating counterfactual histories of science. A central notion to our theory of science are "advances" (ideas, data, etc.), which are units passed among scientists and which would be conserved in passing from one possible history to another. Advances are connected to each other by nets of causal influence, and we distinguish strong and weak influences. Around sixty types of advances are grouped into ten classes. As our case study, we examine the beginning of (...)
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