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Pierre-Olivier Méthot
University of Geneva
  1.  8
    Why Do Parasites Harm Their Host? On the Origin and Legacy of Theobald Smith's "Law of Declining Virulence" — 1900-1980.Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2012 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 34 (4).
  2.  7
    ‘Birth, life, and death of infectious diseases’: Charles Nicolle and the invention of medical ecology in France.Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (1):2.
    In teasing out the diverse origins of our “modern, ecological understanding of epidemic disease” Greater than the parts: holism in biomedicine, 1920–1950, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998), historians have downplayed the importance of parasitology in the development of a natural history perspective on disease. The present article reassesses the significance of parasitology for the “invention” of medical ecology in post-war France. Focussing on the works of microbiologist Charles Nicolle and on that of physician and zoologist Hervé Harant, I argue that (...)
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  3.  45
    On the Genealogy of Concepts and Experimental Practices: Rethinking Georges Canguilhem’s Historical Epistemology.Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A (1):112-123.
    The importance given by historian and philosopher of science Georges Canguilhem to the role of practice, techniques, and experimentation in concept-formation was largely overlooked by commentators. After placing Canguilhem’s contributions within the larger history of historical epistemology in France, and clarifying his views regarding this expression, I re-evaluate the relation between concepts and experimental practices in Canguilhem’s philosophy of science. Drawing on his early writings on the relations between science and technology in the 1930s, on the Essai sur quelques problèmes (...)
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  4.  4
    Introduction: Microbes, Networks, Knowledge—Disease Ecology and Emerging Infectious Diseases in Time of COVID-19.Mark Honigsbaum & Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2020 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 42 (3):1-9.
    This is an introduction to the topical collection Microbes, Networks, Knowledge: Disease Ecology in the twentieth Century, based on a workshop held at Queen Mary, University London on July 6–7 2016. More than twenty years ago, historian of science and medicine Andrew Mendelsohn asked, “Where did the modern, ecological understanding of epidemic disease come from?” Moving beyond Mendelsohn’s answer, this collection of new essays considers the global history of disease ecology in the past century and shows how epidemics and pandemics (...)
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  5.  27
    Bacterial Transformation and the Origins of Epidemics in the Interwar Period: The Epidemiological Significance of Fred Griffith’s “Transforming Experiment”.Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2016 - Journal of the History of Biology 49 (2):311-358.
    Frederick Griffith was an English bacteriologist at the Pathological Laboratory of the Ministry of Health in London who believed that progress in the epidemiology and control of infectious diseases would come only with more precise knowledge of the identity of the causative microorganisms. Over the years, Griffith developed and expanded a serological technique for identifying pathogenic microorganisms, which allowed the tracing of the sources of infectious disease outbreaks: slide agglutination. Yet Griffith is not remembered for his contributions to the biology (...)
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  6.  6
    Writing the History of Virology in the Twentieth Century: Discovery, Disciplines, and Conceptual Change.Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 59:145-153.
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  7.  9
    On the Genealogy of Concepts and Experimental Practices: Rethinking Georges Canguilhem’s Historical Epistemology.Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (1):112-123.
    The importance given by historian and philosopher of science Georges Canguilhem to the role of practice, techniques, and experimentation in concept-formation was largely overlooked by commentators. After placing Canguilhem’s contributions within the larger history of historical epistemology in France, and clarifying his views regarding this expression, I re-evaluate the relation between concepts and experimental practices in Canguilhem’s philosophy of science. Drawing on his early writings on the relations between science and technology in the 1930s, on the Essai sur quelques problèmes (...)
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  8.  36
    Research Traditions and Evolutionary Explanations in Medicine.Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (1):75-90.
    In this article, I argue that distinguishing ‘evolutionary’ from ‘Darwinian’ medicine will help us assess the variety of roles that evolutionary explanations can play in a number of medical contexts. Because the boundaries of evolutionary and Darwinian medicine overlap to some extent, however, they are best described as distinct ‘research traditions’ rather than as competing paradigms. But while evolu- tionary medicine does not stand out as a new scientific field of its own, Darwinian medicine is united by a number of (...)
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  9.  9
    Ecology and Infection: Studying Host-Parasite Interactions at the Interface of Biology and Medicine.Rachel Mason Dentinger & Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2016 - Journal of the History of Biology 49 (2):231-240.
  10. French Epistemology Overseas: Analyzing the Influence of Georges Canguilhem in Québec.Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2009 - Humana-Mente. Journal of Philosophical Studies 9:39-58.
  11.  11
    Georges Canguilhem et le « problème de l’évolution » dans Le Normal et le pathologique.Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2018 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 71 (2):205.
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  12. French Epistemology Overseas: Analysing the Influence of Georges Canguilhem in Québec.Pierre-Olivier Methot - 2009 - Humana Mente 3 (9).
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  13.  49
    Michel Morange: La Vie, L’Évolution Et L’Histoire: Paris: Odile Jacob, 2011, 200 Pp, €23.90 PB. [REVIEW]Mathias Grote & Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2012 - Metascience 21 (2):507-508.
    Michel Morange: La vie, l’évolution et l’histoire Content Type Journal Article Category Book Notice Pages 1-2 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9595-4 Authors Mathias Grote, Institut für Philosophie, Literatur- Wissenschafts- und Technikgeschichte, Technische Universität Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany Pierre-Olivier Méthot, ESRC Centre for Genomics and Society (Egenis), University of Exeter, Byrne House, St German’s Road, Exeter, EX4 4PJ UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  14.  23
    Science and Science Policy: Regulating “Select Agents” in the Age of Synthetic Biology.Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2015 - Perspectives on Science 23 (3):280-309.
    Just like atomic physics seventy years ago, when it was realized that chain reaction could lead to medical applications as well as to the creation of atomic weapons, the life sciences have entered a grey zone. “Advances in biotechnology […]” a 2003 CIA document stated, “have the potential to create a much more dangerous biological warfare threat […] Engineered biological agents could be much worse than any disease known to man”. As sociologists of science have noted, contemporary life sciences have (...)
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  15.  37
    Rethinking the Body and Its Boundaries.Leigh E. Rich, Michael A. Ashby & Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (1):1-6.
    Rethinking the Body and Its Boundaries Content Type Journal Article Category Editorial Pages 1-6 DOI 10.1007/s11673-011-9353-8 Authors Leigh E. Rich, Department of Health Sciences (Public Health), Armstrong Atlantic State University, 11935 Abercorn Street, Savannah, GA 31419, USA Michael A. Ashby, Palliative Care and Persistent Pain Services, Royal Hobart, Hospital, Southern Tasmania Area Health Service, and School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tasmania, 1st Floor, Peacock Building, Repatriation Centre, 90 Davey Street, Hobart, TAS 7000 Australia Pierre-Olivier Méthot, ESRC (...)
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  16.  20
    Meeting Disciplinary Boundaries: Towards a More Inclusive Philosophy of the Life Sciences.Pierre-Olivier Méthot, Miles MacLeod, Susanne Bauer, Fridolin Gross & Antonine Nicoglou - 2010 - Biological Theory (3):292-294.
  17.  12
    Empirical Evolutionary Medicine.Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 47:213-217.
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  18.  9
    Meeting Disciplinary Boundaries: Towards a More Inclusive Philosophy of the Life Sciences.Antonine Nicoglou, Fridolin Gross, Susanne Bauer, Miles MacLeod & Pierre-Olivier Méthot - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (3):292-294.