Results for 'Pieter de Vries Robb��'

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  1.  37
    Reducing Normative Bias in Health Technology Assessment: Interactive Evaluation and Casuistry.Rob P. B. Reuzel, Gert-Jan van Der Wilt, Henk A. M. J. ten Have & Pieter F. de Vries Robbé - 1999 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (3):255-263.
    Health technology assessment (HTA) is often biased in the sense that it neglects relevant perspectives on the technology in question. To incorporate different perspectives in HTA, we should pursue agreement about what are relevant, plausible, and feasible research questions; interactive technology assessment (iTA) might be suitable for this goal. In this way a kind of procedural ethics is established. Currently, ethics too often is focussed on the application of general principles, which leaves a lot of confusion as to what really (...)
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  2.  13
    Carlos Aldana-Valenzuela, MD, is Chief of the Department of Neonatology at the Hospital de Ginecopediatria of the Instituto Mexicano Del Seguro Social in Leon, Guanajuato, Mexico. He is Also a Member of the Center for Studies in Bioethics at the University of Guanajuato.M. L. S. Bette Anton, Claire Brett, Michele A. Carter, Thomas A. Cavanaugh, Pieter de Vries Robbe, Richard Gorlin, Michael L. Gross & Matti Häyry - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10:3-5.
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  3. Index to Volume 20.Zlatko Anguelov, Piero Antuono, Jan Beyer, G. J. Boer, David J. Casarett, David Checkland, Jan De Lepeleire, Pieter F. De Vries Robbé, Arthur R. Derse & Edmund L. Erde - 1999 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20:599-603.
     
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  4.  50
    A View From the Netherlands: Ethics as Interactive Evaluation.Rob Reuzel, Gert Jan Van der Wilt, Pieter de Vries Robbé & Henk ten Have - 2001 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (1):110-114.
    From 1991 to 1994 the Dutch Health Insurance Council financed research on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO). This is a technique for providing cardiopulmonary bypass to patients with pulmonary and/or cardiac failure. Most often, these patients are premature neonates. During ECMO, blood is drained from the right atrium, pumped along a membrane where gas exchange takes place, and then redirected to the aorta. To prevent blood clotting, heparin is added. However, with the heparin added, the risk of hemorrhage is considerably increased. (...)
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  5.  53
    Nosology and Causal Necessity; The Relation BetweenDefining a Disease and Discovering its Necessary Cause.Frank J. Flier & Pieter F. De Vries Robbé - 1999 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (6):577-588.
    The problem of disease definition is related to theproblem of proving that a certain agent is thenecessary cause of a certain disease. Natural kindterms like ‘rheumatoid arthritis’ and ‘AIDS’ refer toessences which are discoverable rather thanpredeterminate. No statement about such diseases isa priori necessarily true. Because theories onnecessary causes involve natural kind semantics,Koch's postulates cannot be used to falsify or verifysuch theories. Instead of proving that agent A is thenecessary cause of disease D, we include A in atheoretical definition of (...)
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  6.  91
    Informed Consent Instead of Assent is Appropriate in Children From the Age of Twelve: Policy Implications of New Findings on Children’s Competence to Consent to Clinical Research.Irma M. Hein, Martine C. De Vries, Pieter W. Troost, Gerben Meynen, Johannes B. Van Goudoever & Ramón J. L. Lindauer - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundFor many decades, the debate on children’s competence to give informed consent in medical settings concentrated on ethical and legal aspects, with little empirical underpinnings. Recently, data from empirical research became available to advance the discussion. It was shown that children’s competence to consent to clinical research could be accurately assessed by the modified MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Clinical Research. Age limits for children to be deemed competent to decide on research participation have been studied: generally children of 11.2 (...)
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  7.  11
    Interactive Technology Assessment and Wide Reflective Equilibrium.R. P. B. Reuzel, G. J. Van der Wilt, Hamj ten Have & P. F. de Vries Robbe - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (3):245-261.
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  8.  34
    Why is It Hard to Make Progress in Assessing Children’s Decision-Making Competence?Irma M. Hein, Pieter W. Troost, Alice Broersma, Martine C. De Vries, Joost G. Daams & Ramón J. L. Lindauer - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1.
    For decades, the discussion on children’s competence to consent to medical issues has concentrated around normative concerns, with little progress in clinical practices. Decision-making competence is an important condition in the informed consent model. In pediatrics, clinicians need to strike a proper balance in order to both protect children’s interests when they are not fully able to do so themselves and to respect their autonomy when they are. Children’s competence to consent, however, is currently not assessed in a standardized way. (...)
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  9.  13
    De Novis Libris Iudicia.C. J. Ruijgh, G. Schreiner, C. M. J. Sicking, H. Vos, W. J. Verdenius, D. Van Nes, J. C. Kamerbeek, J. T. H. M. F. Pieters, A. H. R. E. Paap, H. Bolkenstein, G. J. M. Bartelink, R. E. H. Westendorp Boerma, G. J. De Vries, H. T. Wallinga, A. D. Leeman, H. H. Janssen, H. W. Pleket, J. A. G. Van Der Veer, J. H. Thiel, A. B. Breebaart, E. J. Jonkers, R. Feenstra & E. Hulshoff Pol - 1964 - Mnemosyne 17 (2):165-220.
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  10.  11
    Structure, Importance and Recording of Therapeutic Information in the Medical Record: A Multicentre Observational Study.Jelle Tichelaar, Robert J. van Unen, David J. Brinkman, Pieter H. M. Fluitman, Michiel A. van Agtmael, Theo P. G. M. de Vries & Milan C. Richir - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1129-1134.
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  11.  8
    De Novis Libris Iudicia.W. Den Boer, A. Hoekstra, J. C. Kamerbeek, J. C. Opstelten, G. J. De Vries, C. W. Van Boekel, J. T. H. M. F. Pieters, B. A. Van Groningen, C. J. De Vogel, W. K. Kraak, K. Sprey, E. J. Jonkers, J. H. Croon, M. F. A. Brok & R. E. H. Westendorp Boerma - 1960 - Mnemosyne 13 (1):63-93.
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  12.  53
    Raymond De Vries Replies.Raymond De Vries Iii - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (4):4-5.
  13. Empirical Ethics and its Alleged Meta-Ethical Fallacies.Rob de Vries & Bert Gordijn - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (4):193-201.
    This paper analyses the concept of empirical ethics as well as three meta-ethical fallacies that empirical ethics is said to face: the is-ought problem, the naturalistic fallacy and violation of the fact-value distinction. Moreover, it answers the question of whether empirical ethics (necessarily) commits these three basic meta-ethical fallacies.
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  14.  25
    Hugo De Vries and the Reception of the "Mutation Theory".Garland E. Allen - 1969 - Journal of the History of Biology 2 (1):55 - 87.
    De Vries' mutation theory has not stood the test of time. The supposed mutations of Oenothera were in reality complex recombination phenomena, ultimately explicable in Mendelian terms, while instances of large-scale mutations were found wanting in other species. By 1915 the mutation theory had begun to lose its grip on the biological community; by de Vries' death in 1935 it was almost completely abandoned. Yet, as we have seen, during the first decade of the present century it achieved (...)
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  15.  98
    Reflective Equilibrium and Empirical Data: Third Person Moral Experiences in Empirical Medical Ethics.Martine de Vries & Evert van Leeuwen - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (9):490 - 498.
    In ethics, the use of empirical data has become more and more popular, leading to a distinct form of applied ethics, namely empirical ethics. This ‘empirical turn’ is especially visible in bioethics. There are various ways of combining empirical research and ethical reflection. In this paper we discuss the use of empirical data in a special form of Reflective Equilibrium (RE), namely the Network Model with Third Person Moral Experiences. In this model, the empirical data consist of the moral experiences (...)
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  16.  19
    Hugo de Vries No Mendelian?Onno G. Meijer - 1985 - Annals of Science 42 (3):189-232.
    It is argued that Hugo de Vries's conversion to Mendelism did not agree with his previous theoretical framework. De Vries regarded the number of offspring expressing a certain character as a hereditary quality, intrinsic to the state of the pangene involved. His was a shortlived conversion since after the ‘rediscovery’ he failed to unify his older views with Mendelism. De Vries was never very much of a Mendelian. The usual stories of the Dutch ‘rediscovery’ need, therefore, a (...)
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  17.  21
    The Moral Concerns of Biobank Donors: The Effect of Non-Welfare Interests on Willingness to Donate.Raymond G. De Vries, Tom Tomlinson, H. Myra Kim, Chris D. Krenz, Kerry A. Ryan, Nicole Lehpamer & Scott Y. H. Kim - 2016 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 12 (1):1-15.
    Donors to biobanks are typically asked to give blanket consent, allowing their donation to be used in any research authorized by the biobank. This type of consent ignores the evidence that some donors have moral, religious, or cultural concerns about the future uses of their donations – concerns we call “non-welfare interests”. The nature of non-welfare interests and their effect on willingness to donate to a biobank is not well understood. In order to better undersand the influence of non-welfare interests, (...)
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  18.  23
    Hugo de Vries and the Rediscovery of Mendel's Laws.Malcolm J. Kottler - 1979 - Annals of Science 36 (5):517-538.
    Hugo de Vries claimed that he had discovered Mendel's laws before he found Mendel's paper. De Vries's first ratios, published in 1897, for the second generation of hybrids were 2/3:1/3 and 80%:20%. By 1900, both of these ratios had become 3:1. These changing ratios suggest that as late as 1897 de Vries had not discovered the laws, although he asserted, from 1900 on, that he had found the laws in 1896. An Appendix details de Vries's Mendelian (...)
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  19.  15
    Keeping Out Extremists: Refugees, Would‐Be Immigrants, and Ideological Exclusion.Bouke De Vries - 2020 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 37 (5):746-763.
    Many people want to live in liberal democracies because they are liberal and democratic. Yet it would be mistaken, indeed naive, to assume that this applies to all would-be residents. Just as some inhabitants of liberal democracies oppose one or more fundamental liberal-democratic values and principles, so there are foreign would-be residents who do so, who might include individuals with e.g. Jihadist, Neo-Nazi, and radical anarchist views. Proceeding on the assumption that there exists no unconditional moral right to immigrate, this (...)
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  20.  12
    Did de Vries Discover the Law of Segregation Independently?Margaret Campbell - 1980 - Annals of Science 37 (6):639-655.
    It is argued that de Vries did not see Mendel's paper until 1900, and that, while his own theory of inheritance may have incorporated the notion of independent units, this pre-Mendelian formulation was not the same as Mendel's since it did not apply to paired hereditary units. Moreover, the way in which the term ‘segregation’ has been applied in the secondary literature has blurred the distinction between what is explained and the law which facilitates explanation.
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  21.  16
    ‘I Am Your Son, Mother’: Severe Dementia and Duties to Visit Parents Who Can’T Recognise You.Bouke de Vries - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (1):17-24.
    It is commonly assumed that many, if not most, adult children have moral duties to visit their parents when they can do so at reasonable cost. However, whether such duties persist when the parents lose the ability to recognise their children, usually due to dementia, is more controversial. Over 40% of respondents in a public survey from the British Alzheimer’s Society said that it was “pointless” to keep up contact at this stage. Insofar as one cannot be morally required to (...)
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  22.  15
    Hugo de Vries's Lecture Plates and the Discovery of Segregation.Lindley Darden - 1985 - Annals of Science 42 (3):233-242.
    This note discusses lecture plates at the Hugo de Vries Laboratorium that may be relevant to Hugo de Vries's claim to have independently discovered Mendel's law of segregation. Dating when the plates were made is problematic.
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  23.  25
    Hugo De Vries and Thomas Hunt Morgan: The Mutation Theory and the Spirit of Darwinism.Peter J. Bowler - 1978 - Annals of Science 35 (1):55-73.
    A great deal is known about the technical issues surrounding the introduction of Hugo De Vries's mutation theory and the subsequent development of the modern genetical theory of natural selection. But so far little has been done to relate these events to the wider issues of the time. This article suggests that extra-scientific factors played a significant role, and substantiates this by comparing De Vries's respect for the original Darwinian spirit with Thomas Hunt Morgan's use of the mutation (...)
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  24.  23
    Hugo de Vries and the Reception of The?Mutation Theory?Garland E. Allen - 1969 - Journal of the History of Biology 2 (1):55-87.
  25.  84
    ‘Nobody Tosses a Dwarf!’ The Relation Between the Empirical and the Normative Reexamined.Carlo Leget, Pascal Borry & Raymond de Vries - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (4):226-235.
    This article discusses the relation between empirical and normative approaches in bioethics. The issue of dwarf tossing, while admittedly unusual, is chosen as a point of departure because it challenges the reader to look with fresh eyes upon several central bioethical themes, including human dignity, autonomy, and the protection of vulnerable people. After an overview of current approaches to the integration of empirical and normative ethics, we consider five ways that the empirical and normative can be brought together to speak (...)
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  26.  6
    Deception and Self-Deception in Health Care.Jan M. A. de Vries & Fiona Timmins - 2016 - Nursing Philosophy 17 (3):163-172.
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  27.  41
    The Nature of Technological Knowledge.Marc J. de Vries - 2003 - Techne 6 (3):117-130.
  28.  31
    ‘Ethical Concepts Regarding the Genetic Engineering of Laboratory Animals’: A Confrontation with Moral Beliefs From the Practice of Biomedical Research.R. de Vries - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (2):211-225.
    Intrinsic value and animal integrity are two key concepts in the debate on the ethics of the genetic engineering of laboratory animals. These concepts have, on the one hand, a theoretical origin and are, on the other hand, based on the moral beliefs of people not directly involved in the genetic modification of animals. This ‘external’ origin raises the question whether these concepts need to be adjusted or extended when confronted with the moral experiences and opinions of people directly involved (...)
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  29.  74
    From “Ghost in the Machine” to “Spiritual Automaton”: Philosophical Meditation in Wittgenstein, Cavell, and Levinas. [REVIEW]Hent de Vries - 2006 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 60 (1-3):77-97.
    This essay discusses Stanley Cavell’s remarkable interpretation of Emmanuel Levinas’s thought against the background of his own ongoing engagement with Wittgenstein, Austin, and the problem of other minds. This unlikely debate, the only extensive discussion of Levinas by Cavell in his long philosophical career sofar, focuses on their different reception of Descartes’s idea of the infinite. The essay proposes to read both thinkers against the background of Wittgenstein’s model of philosophical meditation and raises the question as to whether Cavell and (...)
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  30.  9
    Hugo de Vries on Heredity, 1889-1903: Statistics, Mendelian Laws, Pangenes, Mutations.Ida H. Stamhuis & Onno G. Meijer - 1999 - Isis 90 (2):238-267.
  31.  19
    Analyzing the Complexity of Nanotechnology.Marc J. De Vries - 2005 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 8 (3):62-75.
  32. Re-Imagining a Politics of Life: From Governance of Order to Politics of Movement.Leonie Ansems de Vries - 2014 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    Unearthing the radical potential at the heart of canonical political thought, this book uses the work of Foucault and Deleuze to re-imagine theory in a way that embraces difference and resistance.
     
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  33.  58
    Respect for Cultural Diversity in Bioethics is an Ethical Imperative.Subrata Chattopadhyay & Raymond De Vries - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):639-645.
    The field of bioethics continues to struggle with the problem of cultural diversity: can universal principles guide ethical decision making, regardless of the culture in which those decisions take place? Or should bioethical principles be derived from the moral traditions of local cultures? Ten Have and Gordijn and Bracanovic defend the universalist position, arguing that respect for cultural diversity in matters ethical will lead to a dangerous cultural relativity where vulnerable patients and research subjects will be harmed. We challenge the (...)
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  34.  14
    Community Engagement in Global Health Research That Advances Health Equity.Bridget Pratt & Jantina de Vries - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (7):454-463.
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  35.  37
    New Principles in Agricultural Plant-Breeding.Hugo De Vries - 1907 - The Monist 17 (2):209-219.
  36.  95
    A Content Analysis of Whistleblowing Policies of Leading European Companies.Harold Hassink, Meinderd de Vries & Laury Bollen - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 75 (1):25 - 44.
    Since the introduction of the U.S. Sarbanes-Oxley Act in 2002 and several other national corporate governance codes, whistleblowing policies have been implemented in a growing number of companies. Existing research indicates that this type of governance codes has a limited direct effect on ethical or whistleblowing behaviour whereas whistleblowing policies at the corporate level seem to be more effective. Therefore, evidence on the impact of (inter)national corporate governance codes on the content of corporate whistleblowing policies is important to understand their (...)
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  37.  29
    Community Engagement Strategies for Genomic Studies in Africa: A Review of the Literature. [REVIEW]Paulina Tindana, Jantina de Vries, Megan Campbell, Katherine Littler, Janet Seeley, Patricia Marshall, Jennifer Troyer, Morisola Ogundipe, Vincent Pius Alibu, Aminu Yakubu & Michael Parker - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):24.
    Community engagement has been recognised as an important aspect of the ethical conduct of biomedical research, especially when research is focused on ethnically or culturally distinct populations. While this is a generally accepted tenet of biomedical research, it is unclear what components are necessary for effective community engagement, particularly in the context of genomic research in Africa.
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  38.  8
    “I Passed the Test!” Evidence of Diagnostic Misconception in the Recruitment of Population Controls for an H3Africa Genomic Study in Cape Town, South Africa.Francis Masiye, Bongani Mayosi & Jantina de Vries - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):12.
    Advances in genetic and genomic research have introduced challenges in obtaining informed consent for research in low and middle-income settings. However, there are only few studies that have explored challenges in obtaining informed consent in genetic and genomic research in Africa and none in South Africa. To start filling this gap, we conducted an empirical study to investigate the efficacy of informed consent procedures for an H3Africa genomic study on Rheumatic Heart Disease at the University of Cape Town in South (...)
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  39.  34
    Analyzing the Complexity of Nanotechnology.Marc J. De Vries - 2005 - Techne 8 (3):62-75.
  40.  22
    Are Therapeutic Motivation and Having One's Own Doctor as Researcher Sources of Therapeutic Misconception?Scott Y. H. Kim, Raymond De Vries, Sonali Parnami, Renee Wilson, H. Myra Kim, Samuel Frank, Robert G. Holloway & Karl Kieburtz - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (5):391-397.
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  41.  47
    Framing Neuroethics: A Sociological Assessment of the Neuroethical Imagination.Raymond De Vries - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):25-27.
  42.  25
    Why Can't We All Just Get Along? A Comment on Turner's Plea to Social Scientists and Bioethicists.Raymond de Vries - 2009 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (1):43.
    Okay, Professor Turner is not Rodney King. He is not responding to bioethicists and social scientists running amuck, setting automobiles aflame, and pelting each other with rocks and broken bottles. He does not come right out and ask, “Why can't we all just get along?” But in its academic way, Turner's essay is an effort to negotiate a truce in the interdisciplinary squabbles that plague bioethics, a plea to move bioethics beyond the “misleading” and “unhelpful” “demarcation of disciplinary goals” that (...)
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  43.  13
    Adam Smith’s “Theory” of Justice: Business Ethics Themes in the Wealth of Nations.Paul H. de Vries - 1989 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 8 (1):37-55.
  44. Social Science and Bioethics: Morality From the Ground Up.R. G. de Vries, L. Turner, K. Orfali & C. L. Bosk - 2007 - Clinical Ethics 2 (1):33-35.
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  45.  6
    Informed Consent in Genomic Research and Biobanking: Taking Feedback of Findings Seriously.Paulina Tindana, Cornelius Depuur, Jantina de Vries, Janet Seeley & Michael Parker - 2020 - Global Bioethics 31 (1):200-215.
    Genomic research and biobanking present several ethical, social and cultural challenges, particularly when conducted in settings with limited scientific research capacity. One of these challenges is determining the model of consent that should support the sharing of human biological samples and data in the context of international collaborative research. In this paper, we report on the views of key research stakeholders in Ghana on what should count as good ethical practice when seeking consent for genomic research and biobanking in Africa. (...)
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  46.  6
    Sadhana: A Way to God. Christian Exercises in Eastern Form.Pieter De Jong & Anthony de Mello - 1983 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 3:172.
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  47.  98
    ELSI Priorities for Brain Imaging.Judy Illes, Raymond De Vries, Mildred K. Cho & Pam Schraedley-Desmond - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2):W24-W31.
    As one of the most compelling technologies for imaging the brain, functional MRI (fMRI) produces measurements and persuasive pictures of research subjects making cognitive judgments and even reasoning through difficult moral decisions. Even after centuries of studying the link between brain and behavior, this capability presents a number of novel significant questions. For example, what are the implications of biologizing human experience? How might neuroimaging disrupt the mysteries of human nature, spirituality, and personal identity? Rather than waiting for an ethical (...)
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  48.  35
    Ethical Issues in Human Genomics Research in Developing Countries.Jantina de Vries, Susan J. Bull, Ogobara Doumbo, Muntaser Ibrahim, Odile Mercereau-Puijalon, Dominic Kwiatkowski & Michael Parker - 2011 - BMC Medical Ethics 12 (1):5.
    BackgroundGenome-wide association studies provide a powerful means of identifying genetic variants that play a role in common diseases. Such studies present important ethical challenges. An increasing number of GWAS is taking place in lower income countries and there is a pressing need to identify the particular ethical challenges arising in such contexts. In this paper, we draw upon the experiences of the MalariaGEN Consortium to identify specific ethical issues raised by such research in Africa, Asia and Oceania.DiscussionWe explore ethical issues (...)
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  49.  34
    Bioethics and Its Gatekeepers: Does Institutional Racism Exist in Leading Bioethics Journals? [REVIEW]Subrata Chattopadhyay, Catherine Myser & Raymond De Vries - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (1):7-9.
    Who are the gatekeepers in bioethics? Does editorial bias or institutional racism exist in leading bioethics journals? We analyzed the composition of the editorial boards of 14 leading bioethics journals by country. Categorizing these countries according to their Human Development Index (HDI), we discovered that approximately 95 percent of editorial board members are based in (very) high-HDI countries, less than 4 percent are from medium-HDI countries, and fewer than 1.5 percent are from low-HDI countries. Eight out of 14 leading bioethics (...)
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  50.  3
    Informed Consent in Genomic Research and Biobanking: Taking Feedback of Findings Seriously.Paulina Tindana, Cornelius Depuur, Jantina de Vries, Janet Seeley & Michael Parker - forthcoming - Tandf: Global Bioethics:1-16.
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