Results for 'Plagiarism'

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  1. Academic plagiarism: Explanatory factors from students' perspective. [REVIEW]Jaume Sureda-Negre - 2010 - Journal of Academic Ethics 8 (3):217-232.
    The study of academic plagiarism among university students is at an embryonic stage in Spain and in the other Spanish-speaking countries. This article reports the results of a research, carried out in a medium-sized Spanish university, based on a double method approach—quantitative and qualitative—concerning the factors associated with academic plagiarism from the students’ perspective. The main explanatory factors of the phenomenon, according to the results obtained, are: a) aspects and behaviour of students (bad time management, personal shortcomings when (...)
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  2. Self-plagiarism or appropriate textual re-use?Tracey Bretag & Saadia Mahmud - 2009 - Journal of Academic Ethics 7 (3):193-205.
    Self-plagiarism requires clear definition within an environment that places integrity at the heart of the research enterprise. This paper explores the whole notion of self-plagiarism by academics and distinguishes between appropriate and inappropriate textual re-use in academic publications, while considering research on other forms of plagiarism such as student plagiarism. Based on the practical experience of the authors in identifying academics’ self-plagiarism using both electronic detection and manual analysis, a simple model is proposed for identifying (...)
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  3. Intelligent Plagiarism Detection for Electronic Documents.Mohran H. J. Al-Bayed - 2017 - Dissertation, Al-Azhar University, Gaza
    Plagiarism detection is the process of finding similarities on electronic based documents. Recently, this process is highly required because of the large number of available documents on the internet and the ability to copy and paste the text of relevant documents with simply Control+C and Control+V commands. The proposed solution is to investigate and develop an easy, fast, and multi-language support plagiarism detector with the easy of one click to detect the document plagiarism. This process will be (...)
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  4.  71
    Plagiarism Allegations Account for Most Retractions in Major Latin American/Caribbean Databases.Renan Moritz V. R. Almeida, Karina de Albuquerque Rocha, Fernanda Catelani, Aldo José Fontes-Pereira & Sonia M. R. Vasconcelos - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (5):1447-1456.
    This study focuses on retraction notices from two major Latin American/Caribbean indexing databases: SciELO and LILACS. SciELO includes open scientific journals published mostly in Latin America/the Caribbean, from which 10 % are also indexed by Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge Journal of Citation Reports. LILACS has a similar geographical coverage and includes dissertations and conference/symposia proceedings, but it is limited to publications in the health sciences. A search for retraction notices was performed in these two databases using the keywords “retracted”, (...)
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  5.  70
    Self-Plagiarism in Academic Publishing: The Anatomy of a Misnomer. [REVIEW]Liviu Andreescu - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):775-797.
    The paper discusses self-plagiarism and associated practices in scholarly publishing. It approaches at some length the conceptual issues raised by the notion of self-plagiarism. It distinguishes among and then examines the main families of arguments against self-plagiarism, as well as the question of possibly legitimate reasons to engage in this practice. It concludes that some of the animus frequently reserved for self-plagiarism may be the result of, among others, poor choice of a label, unwarranted generalizations as (...)
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  6.  50
    Academic Plagiarism at the Faculty Level: Legal Versus Ethical Issues and a Case Study.Matthew C. Sonfield - 2014 - Journal of Academic Ethics 12 (2):75-87.
    Plagiarism by college and university faculty members has become a growing issue and concern in academia. This paper presents a case study of an extreme and clear case of such plagiarism. Yet an analysis of the legal and ethical contexts of such plagiarism, and the specific chronicle of this case, illustrate the complexities and difficulties in dealing with such situations. Implications for researchers, for colleges and universities, and for academic publishers and journals are offered.
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  7.  49
    Plagiarism, Integrity, and Workplace Deviance: A Criterion Study.Daniel E. Martin PhD, Asha Rao & Lloyd R. Sloan - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (1):36-50.
    Plagiarism is increasingly evident in business and academia. Though links between demographic, personality, and situational factors have been found, previous research has not used actual plagiarism behavior as a criterion variable. Previous research on academic dishonesty has consistently used self-report measures to establish prevalence of dishonest behavior. In this study we use actual plagiarism behavior to establish its prevalence, as well as relationships between integrity-related personal selection and workplace deviance measures. This research covers new ground in two (...)
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  8.  99
    Plagiarism, integrity, and workplace deviance: A criterion study.Daniel E. Martin, Asha Rao & Lloyd R. Sloan - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (1):36 – 50.
    Plagiarism is increasingly evident in business and academia. Though links between demographic, personality, and situational factors have been found, previous research has not used actual plagiarism behavior as a criterion variable. Previous research on academic dishonesty has consistently used self-report measures to establish prevalence of dishonest behavior. In this study we use actual plagiarism behavior to establish its prevalence, as well as relationships between integrity-related personal selection and workplace deviance measures. This research covers new ground in two (...)
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  9. Plagiarism and Paraphrasing Criteria of College and University Professors.Miguel Roig - 2001 - Ethics and Behavior 11 (3):307-323.
    In Study 1, college professors determined whether each of 6 rewritten versions of a paragraph taken from a journal article were instances of plagiarism. Results indicated moderate disagreement as to which rewritten versions had been plagiarized. When another sample of professors was asked to paraphrase the same paragraph, up to 30% appropriated some text from the original. In Study 3, psychology professors paraphrased the same paragraph or a comparable one that was easier to read. Twenty-six percent of the psychologists (...)
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  10.  12
    Plagiarism Allegations Account for Most Retractions in Major Latin American/caribbean Databases.Sonia Vasconcelos, Aldo Fontes-Pereira, Fernanda Catelani, Karina Albuquerque Rocha & Renan Almeida - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (5):1447-1456.
    This study focuses on retraction notices from two major Latin American/caribbean indexing databases: SciELO and LILACS. SciELO includes open scientific journals published mostly in Latin America/the Caribbean, from which 10 % are also indexed by Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge Journal of Citation Reports. LILACS has a similar geographical coverage and includes dissertations and conference/symposia proceedings, but it is limited to publications in the health sciences. A search for retraction notices was performed in these two databases using the keywords “retracted”, (...)
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  11.  90
    Plagiarism: Words and ideas.Mathieu Bouville - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (3):311-322.
    Plagiarism is a crime against academy. It deceives readers, hurts plagiarized authors, and gets the plagiarist undeserved benefits. However, even though these arguments do show that copying other people’s intellectual contribution is wrong, they do not apply to the copying of words. Copying a few sentences that contain no original idea (e.g. in the introduction) is of marginal importance compared to stealing the ideas of others. The two must be clearly distinguished, and the ‘plagiarism’ label should not be (...)
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  12.  20
    Reviewing Plagiarism: An Input for Indonesian Higher Education.Tatum S. Adiningrum - 2015 - Journal of Academic Ethics 13 (1):107-120.
    In the midst of international opportunities available to academics and students, plagiarism keeps plaguing the Indonesian higher education sector. This paper reports the findings from an Australian Alumni Reference Group activity which took place in Jakarta, Indonesia, in May 2013. An exploratory survey on plagiarism was conducted with Australian Award Alumni to capture their perceptions and opinions on the incidence of plagiarism and plagiarism prevention in higher education institutions in Indonesia. The survey was then followed up (...)
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  13.  33
    Plagiarism Among Dissertations: Prevalence at Online Institutions. [REVIEW]David Carl Ison - 2012 - Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (3):227-236.
    The current research literature has claimed that plagiarism is a significant problem in postsecondary education. Unfortunately, these claims are primarily supported by self-report data from students. In fact little research has been done to quantify the prevalence of plagiarism particularly at the advanced graduate education level. Further, few studies exist on online education even though this is a rapidly growing sector of higher education. This descriptive study quantified the amount of plagiarism that existed among 100 doctoral dissertations (...)
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  14.  4
    Understanding plagiarism in Indonesia from the lens of plagiarism policy: lessons for universities.Michelle Picard & Akbar Akbar - 2019 - International Journal for Educational Integrity 15 (1).
    Plagiarism is viewed as a critical issue that can hinder the development of creativity and innovation in Indonesia. Thus, since the early 2000s the Indonesian government has endeavoured to develop policies to address this issue. In response to national policy, Indonesian educational institutions have made serious institutional efforts to address the plagiarism issue. Research in the Indonesian Higher education context on plagiarism has focussed on reporting prevention and mitigation efforts. However, little has been discussed about the communication (...)
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  15.  22
    Reducing plagiarism through academic misconduct education.Jasper Roe, Ulas Basar Gezgin & Mike Perkins - 2020 - International Journal for Educational Integrity 16 (1).
    Although there is much discussion exploring the potential causes of plagiarism, there is limited research available which provides evidence as to the academic interventions which may help reduce this. This paper discusses a bespoke English for Academic Purposes programme introduced at the university level, aimed at improving the academic writing standards of students, reducing plagiarism, and detecting cases of contract cheating. Results from 12 semesters of academic misconduct data demonstrate a 37.01% reduction in instances of detected plagiarism (...)
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  16.  9
    Plagiarism in Student Research: Responsibility of the Supervisors and Suggestions to Ensure Plagiarism Free Research.Kewal Krishan, Tanuj Kanchan, Neha Baryah & Richa Mukhra - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (4):1243-1246.
    Plagiarism is a serious threat plaguing the research in publication of science globally. There is an increasing need to address the issue of plagiarism especially among young researchers in the developing part of the world. Plagiarism needs to be earnestly discouraged to ensure a plagiarism free research environment. We provide further suggestions to combat student plagiarism at Master’s level and the regulations/guidelines regarding plagiarism in India.
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  17.  55
    Plagiarism in research.Gert Helgesson & Stefan Eriksson - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (1):91-101.
    Plagiarism is a major problem for research. There are, however, divergent views on how to define plagiarism and on what makes plagiarism reprehensible. In this paper we explicate the concept of “plagiarism” and discuss plagiarism normatively in relation to research. We suggest that plagiarism should be understood as “someone using someone else’s intellectual product, thereby implying that it is their own” and argue that this is an adequate and fruitful definition. We discuss a number (...)
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  18.  34
    Plagiarism, Cheating and Research Integrity: Case Studies from a Masters Program in Peru.Andres M. Carnero, Percy Mayta-Tristan, Kelika A. Konda, Edward Mezones-Holguin, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, German F. Alvarado, Carlos Canelo-Aybar, Jorge L. Maguiña, Eddy R. Segura, Antonio M. Quispe, Edward S. Smith, Angela M. Bayer & Andres G. Lescano - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (4):1183-1197.
    Plagiarism is a serious, yet widespread type of research misconduct, and is often neglected in developing countries. Despite its far-reaching implications, plagiarism is poorly acknowledged and discussed in the academic setting, and insufficient evidence exists in Latin America and developing countries to inform the development of preventive strategies. In this context, we present a longitudinal case study of seven instances of plagiarism and cheating arising in four consecutive classes of an Epidemiology Masters program in Lima, Peru, and (...)
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  19.  46
    Plagiarism in the academic context: A study of Iranian EFL learners.Alireza Ahmadi - 2014 - Research Ethics 10 (3):151-168.
    The present study was an attempt to shed light on the status of plagiarism in the Iranian academic context. It tried to survey the EFL learners’ perceptions of and reasons for different types of plagiarism. To this end, 132 EFL learners from different Iranian universities took part in the study. The data were collected through using a questionnaire specifically designed to gather information on plagiarism. The results indicated that plagiarism is quite common in the Iranian EFL (...)
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  20. Plagiarism in the age of massive Generative Pre-trained Transformers (GPT-3).Nassim Dehouche - 2021 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 21:17-23.
    As if 2020 were not a peculiar enough year, its fifth month has seen the relatively quiet publication of a preprint describing the most powerful Natural Language Processing (NLP) system to date, GPT-3 (Generative Pre-trained Transformer-3), by Silicon Valley research firm OpenAI. Though the software implementation of GPT-3 is still in its initial Beta release phase, and its full capabilities are still unknown as of the time of this writing, it has been shown that this Artificial Intelligence can comprehend prompts (...)
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  21.  38
    Is plagiarism a forerunner of other deviance? Imagined futures of academically dishonest students.Gwena Lovett-Hooper, Meera Komarraju, Rebecca Weston & Stephen J. Dollinger - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (3):323 – 336.
    This study explored the relationship of current incidences of academic dishonesty with future norm/rule-violating behavior. Data were collected from 154 college students enrolled in introductory and upper-level psychology students at a large Midwest public university who received credit for participating. The sample included students from many different majors and all years of study. Participants completed a self-report survey that included a measure of Academic Dishonesty (including three subscales: Self-Dishonest, Social Falsifying, and Plagiarism) and an Imagined Futures Scale (five subscales (...)
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  22. Plagiarism in the Sacred Sciences.Michael V. Dougherty - 2020 - Philosophy and Theology 32 (1-2):27-61.
    This article diagnoses the problem of plagiarism in academic books and articles in the disciplines of philosophy and theology. It identifies three impediments to institutional reform. They are: (1) a misplaced desire to preserve personal and institutional reputations; (2) a failure to recognize that attribution in academic writing admits of degrees; and (3) a disproportionate emphasis on the socalled “intention to plagiarize.” A detailed case study provides an illustration of the need for institutional reform in the post-publication processes in (...)
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  23.  3
    Plagiarism policies in Iranian university TEFL teachers’ syllabuses: an exploratory study.Amir Hossein Firoozkohi & Musa Nushi - 2017 - International Journal for Educational Integrity 13 (1).
    Plagiarism has been on the rise amongst university students in recent decades. This study puts university teachers in the spotlight and investigates their role in raising students’ awareness about plagiarism. To that end, plagiarism policies in 207 Iranian university TEFL teachers’ syllabuses were analyzed. The researchers analyzed the syllabuses to find out if they contain a plagiarism policy, and if so, how the term is defined; whether they approach the issue of plagiarism directly; if they (...)
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  24.  2
    Plagiarism and Imitation During the English Renaissance.Harold Ogden White - 1935 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
    This book defines the attitude of English writers between 1500 and 1625 toward the question of literary property rights, of imitation, of what today is called plagiarism.
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  25.  66
    Self-plagiarism and dual and redundant publications: What is the problem?: Commentary on ‘seven ways to plagiarize: Handling real allegations of research misconduct’.Stephanie J. Bird - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (4):543-544.
  26.  7
    Plagiarism in submitted manuscripts: incidence, characteristics and optimization of screening—case study in a major specialty medical journal.James P. Evans, Feng-Chang Lin & Janet R. Higgins - 2016 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 1 (1).
    BackgroundPlagiarism is common and threatens the integrity of the scientific literature. However, its detection is time consuming and difficult, presenting challenges to editors and publishers who are entrusted with ensuring the integrity of published literature.MethodsIn this study, the extent of plagiarism in manuscripts submitted to a major specialty medical journal was documented. We manually curated submitted manuscripts and deemed an article contained plagiarism if one sentence had 80 % of the words copied from another published paper. Commercial (...) detection software was utilized and its use was optimized.ResultsIn 400 consecutively submitted manuscripts, 17 % of submissions contained unacceptable levels of plagiarized material with 82 % of plagiarized manuscripts submitted from countries where English was not an official language. Using the most commonly employed commercial plagiarism detection software, sensitivity and specificity were studied with regard to the generated plagiarism score. The cutoff score maximizing both sensitivity and specificity was 15 %.ConclusionsPlagiarism was a common occurrence among manuscripts submitted for publication to a major American specialty medical journal and most manuscripts with plagiarized material were submitted from countries in which English was not an official language. The use of commercial plagiarism detection software can be optimized by selecting a cutoff score that reflects desired sensitivity and specificity. (shrink)
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  27. Plagiarism and Profit. Ethical and Moral Issues of Scientific Writing and Academic Publishing in the 21st Century.Martin A. M. Gansinger & Ayman Kole - 2017 - In Martin A. M. Gansinger & Ayman Kole (eds.), Mapping Media Responsibility. Contemporary Aspects of Morals, Ethics and Social Discourse. Hamburg: Anchor. pp. 14-49.
    The purpose of this article is to provide viewpoints and discussion of a variety of potentially problematic aspects and mechanisms regarding academic publishing in relation to economical and ethical issues. Starting with the establishment of wide-scale internet access in the beginning of the 21st century, a considerable increase of plagiarism and more sophisticated forms of academic fraud, expanded infrastructure of academic publication channels and forms, combined with strong tendencies of concentration in terms of research disciplines and outlets have now (...)
     
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  28.  13
    Plagiarism as antropological and social phenomenon.T. S. Parkhomenko - 2018 - Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 14:94-106.
    Purpose of the article is to determine plagiarism as anthropological and social phenomenon. Theoretical basis. The author has analysed authentic historical-philosophical and literary texts to explicate the original meaning of the terms, by which the phenomenon of plagiarism was denoted. There were used methods and principles of socio-philosophical and philosophical-anthropological research, in particular: social determinism and anthropological interpretation of human life phenomena. Originality consists of: clarifying the terminological evolution in relation to designating the phenomenon of plagiarism; 2) (...)
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  29.  13
    Plagiarism in Kosovo: a case study of two public universities.Tina Morganella, Dukagjin Leka & Sabiha Shala - 2018 - International Journal for Educational Integrity 14 (1).
    This article presents the current legislative and educative measures in place for plagiarism prevention in Kosovo, especially in the case of student work, and provides an analysis of the effectiveness of such measures. Two public universities are used as case studies – the University of Haxhi Zeka and the University of Kadri Zeka – and the research is based on the legal and policy documents enacted by the two universities, as well as many reports, scientific articles on plagiarism (...)
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  30.  61
    “Does Plagiarism Mean anything? LOL.” Students’ Conceptions of Writing and Citing.Erika Löfström - 2011 - Journal of Academic Ethics 9 (4):257-275.
    This study focuses on the intersection of research ethics and academic writing, i.e. the use of sources, assignment of credit to the contributors in the research, and the dissemination of research findings. The study utilized a set of semi-structured and open-ended questions. The sample consisted of 269 undergraduate (BA) and graduate (MA) students at a U.S. university department of psychology including major and non-major students. The data showed that although an overwhelming number of the students’ examples related to ethical issues (...)
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  31.  15
    Plagiarism in Publications Using the Unpublished Raw Data of Archived Research.Javad Yahaghi, Salmia Bnt Beddu & Zakaria Che Muda - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (2):635-636.
    It is obligatory to educate student researchers before they start their work by teaching them about the various types of plagiarism and how to avoid them. It is also vital that research supervisors take into account the sources of data that are explored in their students’ manuscripts. This article tries to draw the reader’s attention to the importance of avoiding all types of plagiarism in their research.
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  32.  32
    Scientists Admitting to Plagiarism: A Meta-analysis of Surveys.Vanja Pupovac & Daniele Fanelli - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (5):1331-1352.
    We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of anonymous surveys asking scientists whether they ever committed various forms of plagiarism. From May to December 2011 we searched 35 bibliographic databases, five grey literature databases and hand searched nine journals for potentially relevant studies. We included surveys that asked scientists if, in a given recall period, they had committed or knew of a colleague who committed plagiarism, and from each survey extracted the proportion of those who reported at least (...)
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  33.  21
    Plagiarism and the news media.Marie Dunne White - 1989 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 4 (2):265 – 280.
    Lack of attribution and plagiarism can create a special problem for journalists. As numerous examples indicate, there is confusion about the sometimes fine line between lack of attribution and plagiarism. But there is even more confusion over how to solve the problem. Short of restructuring the journalism profession to create an overall governing body similar to the law bar, there is no way to create a set of national guidelines on when lack of attribution might become plagiarism. (...)
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  34.  14
    Plagiarism in the age of massive Generative Pre-trained Transformers (GPT-3).Nassim Dehouche - 2021 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 21:17-23.
    As if 2020 was not a peculiar enough year, its fifth month saw the relatively quiet publication of a preprint describing the most powerful natural language processing (NLP) system to date—GPT-3 (Generative Pre-trained Transformer-3)—created by the Silicon Valley research firm OpenAI. Though the software implementation of GPT-3 is still in its initial beta release phase, and its full capabilities are still unknown as of the time of this writing, it has been shown that this artificial intelligence can comprehend prompts in (...)
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  35.  3
    Plagiarism, Alienation and Fairness: Towards an inclusive educational practice.Niall Hayes & Lucas Introna - 2005 - Ethics and Behavior 15 (3):213-231.
    The dramatic increase in the number of overseas students studying in the United Kingdom and other Western countries has required academics to reevaluate many aspects of their own, and their institutions', practices. This article considers differing cultural values among overseas students toward plagiarism and the implications this may have for postgraduate education in a Western context. Based on focus-group interviews, questionnaires, and informal discussions, we report the views of plagiarism among students in 2 postgraduate management programs, both of (...)
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  36.  58
    Plagiarism.Richard Reilly, Samuel Pry & Mark L. Thomas - 2007 - Teaching Philosophy 30 (3):269-282.
    Plagiarism is often equated with theft, but closer inspection reveals plagiarism’s distinctive dimensions. Fundamentally, plagiarism is a form of deception, whereby the plagiarist uses the instructor as a means toward the plagiarist’s own end. Implicitly asking the instructor for a fair and accurate evaluation of the student’s abilities, the plagiarist at the same time sabotages the instructor’s capacity to make that judgment, thereby violating a duty inherent in the student-teacher relationship. Moreover, every act of plagiarism damages (...)
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  37.  6
    Plagiarism in five universities in Mozambique: Magnitude, detection techniques, and control measures: Magnitude, detection techniques, and control measuresa.Peter E. Coughlin - 2015 - International Journal for Educational Integrity 11 (1).
    Hugely facilitated by the Internet, plagiarism by students threatens educational quality and professional ethics worldwide. Plagiarism reduces learning and is correlated with increased fraud and inefficiency on the job, thus lessening competitiveness and hampering development.In this context, the present research examines 48 licenciatura theses and 102 masters theses from five of Mozambique’s largest universities. Of the 150 theses, 75% contained significant plagiarism and 39%, very much. Significant plagiarism was detected in both licenciatura and masters theses. By (...)
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  38.  31
    “Should It Be Considered Plagiarism?” Student Perceptions of Complex Citation Issues.Dan Childers & Sam Bruton - 2016 - Journal of Academic Ethics 14 (1):1-17.
    Most research on student plagiarism defines the concept very narrowly or with much ambiguity. Many studies focus on plagiarism involving large swaths of text copied and pasted from unattributed sources, a type of plagiarism that the overwhelming majority of students seem to have little trouble identifying. Other studies rely on ambiguous definitions, assuming students understand what the term means and requesting that they self-report how well they understand the concept. This study attempts to avoid these problems by (...)
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  39.  7
    Plagiarism Intervention Using a Game-Based Tutorial in an Online Distance Education Course.Cheryl A. Kier - 2019 - Journal of Academic Ethics 17 (4):429-439.
    This project assesses the ability of a game tutorial, “Goblin Threat” to increase university students’ ability to recognize plagiarized passages. The game tutorial covers information about how to cite properly, types and consequences of plagiarism, and the differences between paraphrasing and plagiarism. The game involves finding and clicking on “goblins” who ask questions about various aspects of plagiarism. Sound effects and entertaining visuals work to keep students’ attention. One group of 177 students enrolled in an online Psychology (...)
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  40.  14
    Plagiarism, Kinship and Slavery.Mario Biagioli - 2014 - Theory, Culture and Society 31 (2-3):65-91.
    In conversation with Marilyn Strathern’s work on kinship and especially on metaphors of intellectual and reproductive creativity, this paper provides an analysis of plagiarism not as a violation of intellectual property but of the kinship relationships between author, work, and readers. It also analyzes the role of figures of kidnapped slaves and children in the genealogy of the modern concept of plagiarism.
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  41.  29
    Plagiarism: a misplaced emphasis.Brian Martin - 1994 - Journal of Information Ethics 3 (2):36-47.
  42. Plagiarism in articles published in journals indexed in the Scientific Periodicals Electronic Library (SPELL): a comparative analysis between 2013 and 2018.Marcelo Krokoscz - 2021 - International Journal for Educational Integrity 17 (1).
    This study analyzes the possible occurrence of plagiarism and self-plagiarism in a sample of articles published in the Scientific Periodicals Electronic Library, an open database that indexes business journals in Brazil. The author compared one sample obtained in 2013 and another selected from 2018. In both samples, we verified the guidelines that each of the journals provided to authors regarding plagiarism and the adoption of software to detect textual similarities. In the analysis conducted in 2013, it was (...)
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  43.  1
    Plagiarism as an academic literacy issue: the comprehension, writing and consulting strategies of Portuguese university students.Armanda Matos, Ana Seixas & Isabel Festas - 2022 - International Journal for Educational Integrity 18 (1).
    In aiming to frame plagiarism as an academic literacy issue, this paper focuses on the strategies used by firsts years Portuguese university students, when writing from sources, along with the relationship between these strategies and the way students view themselves as readers, writers and users of sources. The study was based on 44 short summary essays written by students as well as their responses to a questionnaire and checklist on citation rules. The evaluation of the essays revealed that students (...)
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  44.  9
    Plagiarism, Fake Peer-Review, and Duplication: Predominant Reasons Underlying Retractions of Iran-Affiliated Scientific Papers.Negin Kamali, Amin Talebi Bezmin Abadi & Farid Rahimi - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (6):3455-3463.
    Retractions of scientific papers published by some Iran-affiliated scientists in the preceding decade have attracted much attention and publicity; however, the reasons for these retractions have not been documented. We searched the Retraction Watch Database to enumerate the retracted Iran-affiliated papers from December 2001 to December 2019 and aimed to outline the predominant reasons for retractions. The reasons included fake peer-review, authorship dispute, fabricated data, plagiarism, conflict of interest, erroneous data, and duplication. The Fisher’s exact test was used to (...)
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  45.  31
    Text-Based Plagiarism in Scientific Publishing: Issues, Developments and Education. [REVIEW]Yongyan Li - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1241-1254.
    Text-based plagiarism, or copying language from sources, has recently become an issue of growing concern in scientific publishing. Use of CrossCheck (a computational text-matching tool) by journals has sometimes exposed an unexpected amount of textual similarity between submissions and databases of scholarly literature. In this paper I provide an overview of the relevant literature, to examine how journal gatekeepers perceive textual appropriation, and how automated plagiarism-screening tools have been developed to detect text matching, with the technique now available (...)
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  46.  34
    Business Ethics Perspectives: Faculty Plagiarism and Fraud. [REVIEW]Teressa L. Elliott, Linda M. Marquis & Catherine S. Neal - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 112 (1):91-99.
    Faculty plagiarism and fraud are widely documented occurrences but little analysis has been conducted. This article addresses the question of why faculty plagiarism and fraud occurs and suggests approaches on how to develop an environment where faculty misconduct is socially inappropriate. The authors review relevant literature, primarily in business ethics and student cheating, developing action steps that could be applied to higher education. Based upon research in these areas, the authors posit some actions that would be appropriate in (...)
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  47.  20
    Plagiarism, Beyond CrossCheck, Figure and Conceptual Theft.Viroj Wiwanitkit - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):613-614.
    Sir, The recent report by Zhang et al. (2013) is very interesting. For sure, using CrossCheck might help identify some plagiarisms, especially for those with verbatim copy. However, the plagiarism can be seen in other forms including to figure and conceptual plagiarism (Wiwanitkit 2008, 2011). The figure plagiarism is a challenging thing for the journal since it is more difficult to detect than textual plagiarism (Wiwanitkit 2011). In addition, there are also more difficult cases of figure (...)
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  48.  15
    Plagiarism as a Social Contract, a New Way to Approach Plagiarism.Jess L. Gregory - 2021 - Journal of Academic Ethics 19 (3):407-424.
    Most cases of plagiarism involve a power differential where not every person has the same ability to enter into a social contract. A social contract requires that each party understands the expectations or norms of the contract, has a voice in setting or changing the norms and has the ability to exit the contract. If those with less power want to gain power then they have to engage in activities bound by norms set by others with little or no (...)
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    Prevalence of Plagiarism in Recent Submissions to the Croatian Medical Journal.Ksenija Baždarić, Lidija Bilić-Zulle, Gordana Brumini & Mladen Petrovečki - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):223-239.
    To assess the prevalence of plagiarism in manuscripts submitted for publication in the Croatian Medical Journal (CMJ). All manuscripts submitted in 2009–2010 were analyzed using plagiarism detection software: eTBLAST , CrossCheck, and WCopyfind . Plagiarism was suspected in manuscripts with more than 10% of the text derived from other sources. These manuscripts were checked against the Déjà vu database and manually verified by investigators. Of 754 submitted manuscripts, 105 (14%) were identified by the software as suspicious of (...)
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  50.  27
    Text-Based Plagiarism in Scientific Writing: What Chinese Supervisors Think About Copying and How to Reduce it in Students’ Writing.Yongyan Li - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):569-583.
    Text-based plagiarism, or textual copying, typically in the form of replicating or patchwriting sentences in a row from sources, seems to be an issue of growing concern among scientific journal editors. Editors have emphasized that senior authors (typically supervisors of science students) should take the responsibility for educating novices against text-based plagiarism. To address a research gap in the literature as to how scientist supervisors perceive the issue of textual copying and what they do in educating their students, (...)
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