Results for 'Political Realism'

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  1. Political Realism as Ideology Critique.Janosh Prinz & Enzo Rossi - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 20 (3):334-348.
    This paper outlines an account of political realism as a form of ideology critique. Our focus is a defence of the normative edge of this critical-theoretic project against the common charge that there is a problematic trade-off between a theory’s groundedness in facts about the political status quo and its ability to consistently envisage radical departures from the status quo. To overcome that problem we combine insights from three distant corners of the philosophical landscape: theories of legitimacy (...)
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  2. Realism in Normative Political Theory.Enzo Rossi & Matt Sleat - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (10):689-701.
    This paper provides a critical overview of the realist current in contemporary political philosophy. We define political realism on the basis of its attempt to give varying degrees of autonomy to politics as a sphere of human activity, in large part through its exploration of the sources of normativity appropriate for the political and so distinguish sharply between political realism and non-ideal theory. We then identify and discuss four key arguments advanced by political (...)
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  3.  71
    Political realism and anarchy in international relations.Tvrtko Jolić - 2011 - Prolegomena 10 (1):113-130.
    In this paper I critically examine an influential argument in favor of political realism. The argument claims that international relations, by analogy with Hobbes’s state of nature at the individual level, are governed by anarchy which makes it irrational for states to observe the principles of morality and justice since there are no guarantees that they will be observed by other states. However, this analogy is unsustainable due to the differences that exist between agents on the international and (...)
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  4.  90
    Political Realism and Political Idealism: The Difference That Evil Makes.Roman Altshuler - 2009 - Public Reason 1 (2):73-87.
    According to a particular view of political realism, political expediency must always override moral considerations. Perhaps the strongest defense of such a theory is offered by Carl Schmitt in The Concept of the Political. A close examination of Schmitt’s main presuppositions can therefore help to shed light on the tenuous relation between politics and morality. Schmitt’s theory rests on two keystones. First, the political is seen as independent of and prior to morality. Second, genuine (...) theory depends on a view of human beings as evil by nature. I will argue that both claims are incomplete. Just as the political sometimes demands that morality be overridden, so morality can demand the overriding of political expediency. Moreover, the view of human beings as evil, which serves as the foundation of political realism, itself depends on affirming that human nature must also be, in some sense, good. Political realism is thus shown to have its theoretical foundation within a normative framework that demands the political pursuit of at least some moral aims. (shrink)
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    Political Realism and Fact-Sensitivity.Edward Hall - 2013 - Res Publica 19 (2):173-181.
    Political realists complain that much contemporary political philosophy is insufficiently attentive to various facts about politics yet some political philosophers insist that any critique of normative claims on grounds of unrealism is misplaced. In this paper I focus on the methodological position G.A. Cohen champions in order assess the extent to which this retort succeeds in nullifying the realist critique of contemporary political philosophy. I argue that Cohen’s work does not succeed in doing so because the (...)
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  6.  29
    Can Modus Vivendi Save Liberalism From Moralism? A Critical Assessment of John Gray's Political Realism.Rossi Enzo - forthcoming - In John Horton, Manon Westphal & Ulrich Willems (eds.), The Political Theory of Modus Vivendi. Dordrecht: Springer.
    I argue that John Gray's modus vivendi-based justification for liberalism is preferable to the more orthodox deontological or teleological justificatory strategies, at least because of the way it can deal with the problem of diversity. But then I show how that is not good news for liberalism, for grounding liberal political authority in a modus vivendi undermines liberalism’s aspiration to occupy a privileged normative position vis-à-vis other kinds of regimes. So modus vivendi can save liberalism from moralism, but at (...)
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  7. Reality and Imagination in Political Theory and Practice: On Raymond Geuss’s Realism[REVIEW]Enzo Rossi - 2010 - European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):504-512.
    Can political theory be action-guiding without relying on pre-political normative commitments? I answer that question affirmatively by unpacking two related tenets of Raymond Geuss’ political realism: the view that political philosophy should not be a branch of ethics, and the ensuing empirically-informed conception of legitimacy. I argue that the former idea can be made sense of by reference to Hobbes’ account of authorization, and that realist legitimacy can be normatively salient in so far as it (...)
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  8. On Political Realism.R. N. Berki - 1981
     
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  9.  8
    Political Realism and Moral Corruption.Alison McQueen - forthcoming - European Journal of Political Theory.
    Political realism is frequently criticised as a theoretical tradition that amounts to little more than a rationalisation of the status quo and an apology for power. This paper responds to this criticism by defending three connected claims. First, it acknowledges the moral seriousness of rationalisation, but argues that the problem is hardly particular to political realists. Second, it argues that classical International Relations realists like EH Carr and Hans Morgenthau have a profound awareness of the corrupting effects (...)
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  10.  2
    Reparation, Slavery and Political Realism: The Challenge of Contemporary African Leadership.Adeolu Oluwaseyi Oyekan - 2016 - Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 5 (1):42-58.
    In spite of some revisionist attempts to rationalise slavery as just another form of trade between interested parties, there is an overwhelming conviction that it represented an age of man’s highest inhumanity to fellow man. Accordingly, calls have been loud and persistent as to the need for reparation which though will never compensate for actual loss, nevertheless has the possibility of symbolising penitence and serve as cushion for some of the debilitating damages done. This paper examines the moral basis of (...)
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  11. Moral Realism and Political Decisions. Practical Rationality in Contemporary Public Contexts.G. De Anna & R. Martinelli (eds.) - 2015 - Bamberg University Press.
    Realism has been a central object of attention among analytical philosophers for some decades. Starting from analytical philosophy, the return of realism has spread into other contemporary philosophical traditions and given birth to new trends in current discussions, as for example in the debates about “new realism.” Discussions about realism focused on linguistic meaning, epistemology, metaphysics, theory of action and ethics. The implications for politics of discussion about realism in action theory and in ethics, however, (...)
     
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  12. Moral Realism and Political Decisions.Anna G. De & R. Martinelli - 2014 - Etica E Politica 2014 (16, 2):517-525.
    Realism has been a central object of attention among analytical philosophers for some decades. Starting from analytical philosophy, the return of realism has spread into other contemporary philosophical traditions and given birth to new trends in current discussions, as for example in the debates about “new realism.” Discussions about realism focused on linguistic meaning, epistemology, metaphysics, theory of action and ethics. The implications for politics of discussion about realism in action theory and in ethics, however, (...)
     
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  13.  7
    Nationalism, Political Realism and Democracy in Japan: The Thought of Masao Maruyama.Fumiko Sasaki - 2012 - Routledge.
    Introduction: Masao Maruyama -- Analyzing the causes of the fifteen year war -- Creating modern man: the basis of national security -- Establishing political realism: guidance to national security -- Advocating unarmed neutrality -- Defending democracy: a prerequisite of national security -- Conclusion: predicting the second defeat.
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  14.  75
    What is to Be Done? Political Theory and Political Realism.Mark Philp - 2010 - European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):466-484.
    This article argues for greater realism in political theory with respect to judgements about what politicians ought to do and how they ought to act. It shows that there are major problems in deducing what a given politician should do from the value commitments that are common to liberalism and it makes a case for recognizing the major role played by the context of action and particular agent involved. It distinguishes political virtue from moral virtues and argues (...)
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  15. Judith Shklar, Bernard Williams and Political Realism.K. Forrester - 2012 - European Journal of Political Theory 11 (3):247-272.
    In light of recent interest among political theorists in the idea of political realism, Judith Shklar’s liberalism of fear has come to be associated with anti-Rawlsian thought. This paper seeks to show that, on the contrary, Shklar’s specific formulation of political realism, unlike more recent variations, was not motivated by a critique of Rawls. This paper will address three concerns: first, it will show what exactly Shklar’s initial realism was responding to; second, it will (...)
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  16.  6
    Hume and Machiavelli: Political Realism and Liberal Thought.Frederick G. Whelan - 2004 - Lexington Books.
    While at first such a comparison may be startling, Whelan argues convincingly that Hume's writing, commonly regarded as moderate and amiable, is indeed a locus of realist liberal political theory.
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  17.  19
    Rawls and Political Realism: Realistic Utopianism or Judgement in Bad Faith?Alan Thomas - 2015 - European Journal of Political Theory 16 (3):304-324.
    Political realism criticises the putative abstraction, foundationalism and neglect of the agonistic dimension of political practice in the work of John Rawls. This paper argues that had Rawls not fully specified the implementation of his theory of justice in one particular form of political economy then he would be vulnerable to a realist critique. But he did present such an implementation: a property-owning democracy. An appreciation of Rawls s specificationist method undercuts the realist critique of his (...)
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  18.  3
    Hobbes and Political Realism.Robin Douglass - forthcoming - European Journal of Political Theory.
    Thomas Hobbes has recently been cast as one of the forefathers of political realism. This article evaluates his place in the realist tradition by focusing on three key themes: the priority of legitimacy over justice, the relation between ethics and politics, and the place of imagination in politics. The thread uniting these themes is the importance Hobbes placed on achieving a moral consensus around peaceful coexistence, a point which distances him from realists who view the two as competing (...)
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  19.  79
    Bernard Williams: Political Realism and the Limits of Legitimacy.Alex Bavister‐Gould - 2013 - European Journal of Philosophy 21 (4):593-610.
    : A central component of Bernard Williams' political realism is the articulation of a standard of legitimacy from within politics itself: LEG. This standard is presented as basic, inherent in all political orders and the best way to underwrite fundamental liberal principles particular to the modern state, including basic human rights. It does not require, according to Williams, a wider set of liberal values. In the following, I show that where Williams restricts LEG to generating only minimal (...)
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  20.  12
    Freudian Roots of Political Realism: The Importance of Sigmund Freud to Hans J. Morgenthau's Theory of International Power Politics.Robert Schuett - 2007 - History of the Human Sciences 20 (4):53-78.
    The article unveils the intellectual indebtedness of Hans J. Morgenthau's realist theory of international power politics to Freudian meta- and group psychology. It examines an unpublished Morgenthau essay about Freudian anthropology written in 1930, placing this work within the context of Morgenthau's magna opera, the 1946 Scientific Man vs. Power Politics and the 1948 Politics among Nations. The article concludes that Morgenthau's international theory is ultimately based on the early instinct theory of Sigmund Freud. Freud is thus to be seen (...)
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  21. The First Great Political Realist: Kautilya and His Arthashastra.Roger Boesche - 2002 - Lexington Books.
    The First Great Political Realist is a succinct and penetrating analysis of one of the ancient world's foremost political realists, Kautilya. Kautilya's treatise Arthashastra stands as one of the great political books of the ancient world, its ideas on the science of politics strikingly similar to those of Thucydides, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Clausewitz, and even Sun Tsu. Roger Boesche's excellent commentary on Kautilya's voluminous text draws out the essential realist arguments for modern political analysis and demonstrates the (...)
     
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  22.  9
    George Orwell on Political Realism and the Future of Europe.Gal Gerson - 2017 - The European Legacy 22 (1):1-15.
    George Orwell perceived the possibility of a postwar united Europe, based on regional integration along social-democratic lines, as a means of survival in a world struggle rather than as a preamble to peace. This was the logical conclusion of his understanding of political realism: his endorsement of its assumption that violence is endemic to social life and that the force-wielding sovereign cannot be done away with. Yet Orwell also had reservations about realism. He argued that a purely (...)
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  23.  45
    The Political Realism of George F. Kennan.John W. Coffey - 1972 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 47 (2):295-306.
    George F. Kennan's political realism defines the object of diplomacy as the pursuit of the national self-interest and renders legitimate any means which expediently serve that purpose.
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  24.  25
    Political Realism — a Soviet View.Sigmund Krancberg - 1978 - Studies in East European Thought 18 (2):131-144.
    The purpose of this essay is to analyze the soviet interpretation of the phenomenon of political realism. the author contends that since soviet political theory is mainly motivated by ideological prejudices, the ideas of soviet theoreticians exhibit a lack of historical and philosophical sensitivity. in the paper several soviet writers are distinguished, the most important of them-a karenin. his erudite contribution amounts to a redescription of political realism and power politics in marxist-leninist terms. the essay (...)
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  25.  17
    Political Realism, Commerce and Moral Psychology.Ze'ev Emmerich - 2009 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 56 (119):81-112.
    What marks the difference between modern and non-modern political philosophy? Such a question could be understood in two ways. On the one hand, it could be understood as a question concerning formal differences between modern and pre/non-modern modes of philosophising. On the other hand, it could be understood as a question about the changing nature of the object of the philosophical enterprise, namely a question concerning the historical differences between modern and pre-modern politics. Contemporary political philosophy has focused (...)
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  26.  5
    Platonic Power and Political Realism.John R. Wallach - 2014 - Polis 31 (1):28-58.
    Despite often being condemned for having a paradigmatically unrealistic or dangerous conception of power, Plato expends much effort in constructing his distinctive conception of power. In the wake of Socrates’ trial and execution, Plato writes about conventional, elitist, and radically unethical conceptions of power only to ‘refute’ them on behalf of a favoured conception of power allied with justice. Are his arguments as pathetic or wrong-headed as many theorists make them out to be – from Machiavelli to contemporary political (...)
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  27.  7
    Political Realism and International Relations.Duncan Bell - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (2):e12403.
    In this article, I explore recent work on realist political theory and international politics. I discuss how scholarship on the topic emanates from two different fields—International Relations and political philosophy—and argue that there is a good case for greater engagement between them. I open by delineating various kinds of realism, showing that the term covers a wide variety of methodological and political approaches. In particular, I suggest, it is important to recognize the difference between liberal and (...)
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  28.  93
    Realism in Political Theory.William A. Galston - 2010 - European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):385-411.
    In recent decades, a ‘realist’ alternative to ideal theories of politics has slowly taken shape. Bringing together philosophers, political theorists, and political scientists, this countermovement seeks to reframe inquiry into politics and political norms. Among the hallmarks of this endeavor are a moral psychology that includes the passions and emotions; a robust conception of political possibility and rejection of utopian thinking; the belief that political conflict — of values as well as interests — is both (...)
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  29.  92
    Political Realism: Introduction.R. North - 2010 - European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):381-384.
    Balancing practical and theoretical knowledge,Political Scienceis a comprehensive and jargon-free introduction to the fieldrs"s basic concepts and themes. This bestselling brief text uses diverse real-world examples to show students the value of avoiding simplifications in politics, the relevance of government, and the importance of participation. Written from Mike Roskinrs"s unique and engaging point-of-view,Political Scienceremains the best at providing the clear explanations, practical applications, and current examples that will welcome students to a vital field of study.
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  30. Bernard Williams and the Possibility of a Realist Political Theory.Matt Sleat - 2010 - European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):485-503.
    This article explores the prospects for developing a realist political theory via an analysis of the work of Bernard Williams. It begins by setting out Williams’s theory of political realism and placing it in the wider context of a realist challenge in the literature that rightly identifies several deficiencies in the liberal view of politics and legitimacy. The central argument of the article is, however, that Williams’s political realism shares common features with liberal theory, including (...)
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  31.  4
    Thucydides and the Ancient Simplicity: The Limits of Political Realism.Tim Rood & G. Crane - 2000 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 120:157.
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  32.  25
    Political Realism.Alexander Moseley - 2001 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  33.  71
    Realism, Liberal Moralism and a Political Theory of Modus Vivendi.J. Horton - 2010 - European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4):431-448.
    This article sets out some of the key features of a realist critique of liberal moralism, identifying descriptive inadequacy and normative irrelevance as the two fundamental lines of criticism. It then sketches an outline of a political theory of modus vivendi as an alternative, realist approach to political theory. On this account a modus vivendi should be understood as any political settlement that involves the preservation of peace and security and is generally acceptable to those who are (...)
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  34.  69
    Two Forms of Realism in Political Theory.A. Baderin - 2014 - European Journal of Political Theory 13 (2):132-153.
    This paper explores contemporary debates about the meaning and value of realism in political theory. I seek to move beyond the widespread observation that realism encompasses a diverse set of critiques and commitments, by urging that we recognize two key strands in recent realist thought. Detachment realists claim that political theory is excessively abstract and infeasible and thereby fails adequately to inform actual political decision-making. Displacement critics, on the other hand, suggest that political theory (...)
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  35.  10
    Political Realism Meets Civic Republicanism.Philip Pettit - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 20 (3):331-347.
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  36.  5
    Political Realism and the Realist ‘Tradition’.McQueen Alison - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 20 (3):296-313.
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  37.  3
    Naturalist Political Realism and the First Political Question.Ben Cross - forthcoming - Ratio.
    Many political realists reject the idea that the first task for political philosophy is to justify the existence of coercive political institutions. Instead, they say, we should begin with the factual existence of CPIs, and ask how they ought to be structured. In holding this view, they adopt a form of political naturalism that is broadly Aristotelian in character. In this article, I distinguish between two forms that this political naturalism might take - what I (...)
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  38.  4
    Political Realism Naturalized: Nietzsche on the State, Morality, and Human Nature.Christian J. Emden - 2014 - In Barry Stocker & Manuel Knoll (eds.), Nietzsche as Political Philosopher. De Gruyter. pp. 313-344.
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  39. Middle-Ground Ethics: Can One Be Politically Realistic Without Being a Political Realist?Terry Nardin - 2011 - Ethics and International Affairs 25 (1):7-16.
    Thinking about international affairs has oscillated between idealism and realism throughout the modern period. Moralists continue to search for a way to combine what is reasonable in each in an ethically defensible middle between those extremes.
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  40. Middle-Ground Ethics: Can One Be Politically Realistic Without Being a Political Realist?Terry Nardin - 2011 - Ethics & International Affairs 25 (1).
    Thinking about international affairs has oscillated between idealism and realism throughout the modern period. Moralists continue to search for a way to combine what is reasonable in each in an ethically defensible middle between those extremes.
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  41.  29
    With Radicals Like These, Who Needs Conservatives? Doom, Gloom, and Realism in Political Theory.Lorna Finlayson - 2015 - European Journal of Political Theory 16 (3):1474885114568815.
    This paper attempts to get some critical distance on the increasingly fashionable issue of realism in political theory. Realism has an ambiguous status: it is sometimes presented as a radical challenge to the _status quo_; but it also often appears as a conservative force, aimed at clipping the wings of more ‘idealistic’ political theorists. I suggest that what we might call ‘actually existing realism’ is indeed a conservative presence in political philosophy, and that its (...)
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  42.  31
    Deliberative Democracy Defended: A Response to Posner's Political Realism.Robert B. Talisse - 2005 - Res Publica 11 (2):185-199.
  43.  4
    Normativity in Chantal Mouffe's Political Realism.Cross Ben - 2017 - Constellations 24 (1):180-191.
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  44. Morgenthau Vs. Machiavelli: Political Realism and Power Politics.George Liska - 1977 - In Hans J. Morgenthau, Kenneth W. Thompson & Robert John Myers (eds.), Truth and Tragedy. Transaction Books. pp. 104--111.
     
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  45.  32
    Political Realism in American Thought.Richard J. Regan - 1978 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 53 (2):227-229.
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  46.  32
    Political Realism, International Morality, and Just War.Cheryl Noble - 1973 - The Monist 57 (4):595-606.
  47. RN Berki, On Political Realism Reviewed By.Charles R. Beitz - 1983 - Philosophy in Review 3 (3):109-110.
     
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  48.  23
    The Political Realism of Saint Augustine.George J. Lavere - 1980 - Augustinian Studies 11:135-144.
  49.  1
    Political Realism and Political Idealism.George H. Sabine & John H. Herz - 1952 - Philosophical Review 61 (2):233.
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  50.  6
    Political Realism? A Soviet View.Sigmund Krancberg - 1978 - Studies in Soviet Thought 18 (2):131-144.
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